Diseases, the structure of the teeth of rabbits. How many teeth does a rabbit have??
A decorative rabbit in the house is a joy for all family members and pleasant chores. But how not to be mistaken in your choice? How do I know the age of a rabbit? What diseases do they have? And many more are interested in the question of how many teeth rabbits have. There is often an opinion that there are two. lower and upper, because this is how they are depicted in the pictures. This will be discussed in the article.
What is important to know about bite?
Of course, you really need to know how many teeth a rabbit should have at birth and in adulthood. But it is even more important to know that domestic rabbits are different from those that live in the wild. Wild rabbits have the opportunity to constantly gnaw something. branches, tree bark, shrubs. Pets are often kept in a cage. If they have nothing to gnaw, then their teeth grow back quickly, which affects the bite.
Knowing how many teeth a decorative rabbit has and that its teeth need constant work, the owner of the animal must follow a number of rules.
Milk teeth and their change
In young rabbits up to a year, the teeth change. They, like other animals, have milk teeth. Of course, it is important to know how many milk teeth a rabbit has and how they change. The rudiments of such teeth are still formed in utero on the twenty-first day from the moment of conception.
When rabbits are born, they already have sixteen milk teeth, six of which. Incisors. The remaining ten teeth are false (root). Replacement of teeth occurs from the eighteenth day to the end of the first month of life.
Teeth and age
You can often hear the question: “How many teeth (adult) does a rabbit have?” In a domestic rabbit, in addition to long incisors, there are four additional and twenty-two molars and premolar teeth. In total, an adult rabbit has twenty-eight teeth: six incisors, twelve molars and ten false teeth (premolars). The main part of the teeth is located deep in the mouth, so they are not visible. Sixteen teeth are located on the upper jaw, and below. Twelve.
When buying a rabbit, be sure to pay attention to how many teeth the rabbit has and what they look like. In a one-year-old individual, they begin to acquire a yellowish tint, and the older the rabbit, the more yellow it has on its teeth.
When is it important to see a veterinarian??
You need to contact the veterinarian if the rabbit is saliva profusely, the hair near the mouth is wet and matted, eyes are watery, he refuses food or chooses only soft.
Also, the reason for visiting a specialist is abscesses on the cheeks and jaw, the animal hurts when touching its cheeks, it has red or, conversely, white gums, it smells unpleasant from the mouth, the pet loses weight.
So, the age of the pet can be determined by the color and how many teeth the rabbit has. The peculiarity of rabbit teeth is that they are thin. Therefore, some owners, saving on veterinarians, trim their rabbit teeth at home with nail clippers. After trimming, they are filed with a file for the same nails. This method is possible, but dangerous. The tooth may crack. In addition, there are cases of exposure of the dental pulp, which causes pulpitis.
There is also an important point: the rabbit is in pain, and it can react to this procedure in an unpredictable manner. Therefore, the best way to solve the problem of regrown teeth is to go to an experienced veterinarian. There the doctor uses a special tool.
There are times when a rabbit breaks a tooth. There is nothing wrong with that, they grow very quickly. But in this case, it is necessary to shorten the second to the appropriate size.
Diseases associated with teeth
Animal health problems can arise from poor nutrition and oral care. Let’s look at the main diseases of rabbits that can arise for this reason.
Baby teeth in rabbits are still formed in utero, and they are born with 16 teeth. During the first month of life, or rather from the 18th day, they fall out and are replaced by permanent ones, thus, young animals already have 28 teeth a month old.
Rabbit teeth: structural features and possible problems
In order to raise healthy rabbits, you need to know some of the nuances associated with their physiology and anatomy. This article will focus on the teeth of fluffy animals. about the features of their structure, how important it is to maintain them in good condition and what can happen if you do not take care of the oral cavity of rabbits that live at home.
What to do if a tooth is broken
A broken pet’s tooth is, of course, unpleasant, but you should not panic about this. The fact is that rabbits’ teeth grow rather quickly, in just 2-3 weeks. Examine the animal’s oral cavity and, if necessary, trim or file adjacent teeth so that the jaw closes correctly and it is convenient for the animal to chew.
Abscesses and suppuration
Due to improper bite, too rough food, injuries, very sharp or long teeth, wounds form in the rabbit’s mouth, which can begin to fester, and if anaerobic bacteria are connected, as a result, an abscess can develop, which poses a great danger to the health of the eared.
An abscess is terrible because it causes pain, intoxication, and with an internal rupture, pus can enter the bloodstream of the animal and lead to its death. Therefore, it is extremely important to know the main symptoms of this disease in rabbits in order to diagnose in time and begin immediate treatment of the disease, these include:
- Profuse salivation.
- Decreased appetite and refusal to eat.
- Increased body temperature.
At the slightest suspicion that an abscess has begun in a rabbit, it is necessary to contact a veterinary clinic, only a specialist can establish a diagnosis and prescribe the correct treatment. This problem cannot be solved without surgical intervention, correctly selected antibiotics, and then probiotics to normalize the intestinal microflora.
After surgery, the animal will need rehabilitation, which includes elimination of inflammation, healing and elimination of drainage after complete healing of wounds.
Why does it grind its teeth
Squeaking and tapping of the jaws do not always indicate that the pet has health problems, but it is still necessary to listen to such moments. If the rabbit is grinding its teeth very loudly, it may mean that it is in pain and discomfort, but at the same time its behavior will change, it will become lethargic and lose its appetite.
Such behavior of a pet should not be ignored by the owner, the animal should be immediately shown to the veterinarian.
But if the eared eared is in an excellent mood, retains its curiosity and appetite, but at the same time quietly creaks its teeth, there is no need to worry, this is just a manifestation of feelings and emotions and means only that the pet is calm and satisfied.
An incorrect bite, that is, an incorrect closing of the jaws, is called malocclusion, which can be congenital or acquired. If the disease is not inherited, then it can develop in the animal for several reasons, namely:
- Wrong diet. In order for the eared eared teeth to remain healthy, it needs to chew food for a long time and thoroughly, and therefore, what the pet eats is of great importance. Fresh grass and hay are excellent food for these animals, which they spend about 5-10 minutes chewing. During this time, their teeth are uniformly grinded. But dry and high-calorie foods should be avoided, as they do not require long chewing and contribute to quick satiety. With food, the pet should receive enough silicon salts (silicates), which are also necessary for uniform grinding of the bone processes. Silicates are found in sufficient quantities in grass, vegetables, fruits and tree bark.
- As a result of jaw injury.
- After a bacterial infection in the oral cavity.
You can determine that the pet has malocclusion by the following symptoms:
- Decreased appetite;
- The pet does not comb or clean the fur;
- Does not eat night feces;
- The rabbit refuses his favorite solid food, even hay and grass;
- The teeth of the animal turn yellow, and darken at the roots;
- Disorders of the digestive tract and, as a result, the absence of a chair;
- Bleeding and inflammation in the mouth;
- Severe drooling, wet fur around the mouth;
- The animal begins to creak its teeth;
- Decrease in body weight of the animal;
- Weakness and lethargy.
Rabbit malocclusion, teeth trimming
If malocclusion is confirmed, it is necessary to take measures and help the animal. First of all, the inflamed mucous membranes, if any, should be washed and treated with anti-inflammatory drugs.
Then, depending on the neglect of the situation, the teeth are trimmed with special forceps or filed with a file. Cutting the rabbit’s teeth with forceps
Features of the structure of the teeth
The teeth of eared animals are very strong and grow throughout their lives. In the wild, it is enough for animals to simply maintain them in a healthy state on their own with the help of correctly selected rough food, but in captivity it can be difficult to do this, so the care of the teeth falls on the owners of the pet.
In adult rabbits
The jaw of rabbits is distinguished by the fact that animals have very powerful incisors (4 above and 2 below), which grow throughout the life of the fluffy. The incisors are followed by an empty space of 2–3 cm, which is formed due to the absence of canines, and then the molars. In total, adult animals have 28 teeth, 6 incisors and 22 chewing (molars). They are unevenly located, 16 of them are located on the upper, and 12 on the lower jaw. The incisors of the animals are pushed forward, their front walls are covered with enamel, and there is no enamel on the back side, this contributes to the teeth being sharpened and sharp, and the rabbits, accordingly, could eat solid food.
Chewing teeth in rabbits are divided into root and pre-root, they are necessary for animals to grind and chew rough plant food.
How many teeth does a rabbit have?
In general, adult rodents have only 28 teeth. On the upper jaw they have two large incisors, there are also 3 false teeth, 3 molars. The lower jaw has 2 incisors from different sides, 2 false teeth and 3 molars. In total, it turns out that there are 16 teeth on the upper jaw, and 12 teeth on the lower jaw.
Due to the constant growth of these teeth, rabbits need to grind on something all the time, so they need food to chew on. If there is no such food, then rabbits can gnaw whatever they come across, in which case they begin to spoil their cages.
In nature and in households, the teeth of a rabbit are usually in order, it is easier for animals to find objects or food on which to grind the incisors. But decorative animals sometimes have a hard time in this regard. Sometimes you have to specially cut the incisors of the animal to make life easier for him. If this is not done, then rabbits can get sick with “dental diseases”.
How to grind or trim your rabbit teeth?
In order for your rabbit to be healthy, he needs to periodically grind his teeth. It is advisable to do this in the veterinarian’s office. Sometimes it is enough to visit your veterinarian about once every few months.
And how to cut the teeth of an animal yourself? There are methods when it is easier for a person, the owner of an animal, to trim the incisors on their own using the most ordinary nippers. However, this method of cutting teeth is not at all safe. If this procedure is done carelessly, then it is possible to break the animal’s tooth, as a result of which the dental pulp will remain defenseless, and various kinds of infection can penetrate through it.
So it is best to contact your veterinarian with this question, especially since in some cases he may advise you to remove the incisors from a rodent. This is done if the incisors in the animal grow back too quickly and have to be sharpened too often. Such a procedure can be the prevention of malocclusion. There is nothing wrong with it. The animal quickly gets used to living without incisors.
Extraction of teeth is a rather serious operation that must be performed under anesthesia: this makes it easier for an animal to remove incisors.
In any case, teeth trimming should take place in the veterinarian’s office.
Diseases associated with teeth
What diseases can these animals have in the area of the teeth??
- Malocclusion. This definition may include an incorrect bite. Also, when the incisors grow too long, this can mean the appearance of hooks on the root-type teeth. These hooks can cause the rabbit to develop mouth inflammation.
- The roots of the molars in these animals can go far into the eyes of the animal or the lacrimal canals.
- A rabbit may well develop an abscess.
Also, the abnormal growth of teeth in rabbits can be associated with the following reasons:
- This may be due to poor heredity, so it could have been laid down by genetics: the teeth bulge strongly forward, as in the photo.
- Incorrectly selected food.
- Injured jaw. The jaw can move, causing the teeth to grind off the wrong way.
Probably, it’s not a secret for anyone that rabbits belong to the rodent family. This is evidenced by the anatomical structure of their mouth. A rabbit’s teeth grow throughout its life, and its two front incisor teeth grow a few centimeters every other week. These animals of decorative breeds often have problems with their teeth: the upper incisors begin to grow strongly, which can cause inflammation of the mouth.
Why do rabbits grit their teeth?
Gritting teeth in adult animals or a rabbit is one of the symptoms that something is wrong with the rabbit’s health. You may also notice that the animal is chattering its teeth. It may not be just the rabbit incisors. Rabbits can grind their teeth if something inside them hurts. With this symptom, be sure to show the animal to the doctor.
Abnormal tooth abrasion (congenital and acquired)
An incorrect bite is caused by improper closing of the teeth when they are erased. This pathology in rabbits, called malocclusion, is congenital and acquired.
May have latent forms. inability to capture feed, with normal appetite
A preliminary clinical examination of the rabbit, general and local (oral cavity), is carried out. Instrumental examination of teeth is carried out under local or general anesthesia using a stomatoscope (mirror), sometimes with a video attachment.
The differential diagnosis of dental diseases in a rabbit is carried out on the basis of an X-ray examination in five anatomical projections.
Below are X-rays with different types of malocclusion
A photo. The upper first incisors are incorrectly curved, the second upper ones do not contour. Cheek teeth are relative norm, 6 molars are not visible
A photo. Incorrect bite of the incisors. Malocclusion of 1 and 2 premolars
A photo. Incorrect bite of the first and second rows of incisors. Multiple malocclusion of the cheek teeth of the lower jaw.
How many teeth does a decorative rabbit have?
The jaw apparatus of decorative rabbits is morphologically and functionally similar to that of all lagomorphs. Decorative pet dentistry is one of the main veterinary problems. The problem does not occur in productive animals, although it is not related to the peculiarities of physiology. There are simply no volunteers, instead of fattening, treat the teeth of the rabbit.
Periodontal disease. a disease of the tissues around the tooth occurs in rabbits. It occurs when foreign particles of food and microflora enter the interdental space and alveoli. It is manifested by stopping the growth of dental tissue, loosening. In some cases, the rabbit’s teeth fall out. Tumor-like formations can develop in inflamed alveoli.
Congenital dental pathologies
Hereditary diseases of jaw dysplasia and problems with bite, due to the lack of zootechnical knowledge among the owners. Genetic diseases of a dental nature, manifested in the first month of life.
Why there is no caries and tartar
A rabbit’s teeth are constantly growing throughout its life. over, not only the front incisors grow, but also the lateral ones. In rabbits, they are called buccal premolars and molars. Therefore, they do not have caries, like humans and tartar, like cats and dogs. But there are congenital anomalies and various acquired malocclusions and abnormal tooth growth.
Rabbit tooth formula
A dental formula is a schematic representation of the number of teeth on one side of the jaw. In writing the formula, the Latin designations of teeth (lat.Dentes) are used.
- Incisors (incisivi) abbreviated. I.
- Canines (canis) abbreviated.C.
- Premolars (premolares), abbreviated. P.
- Molar (molares), abbreviated. M.
Rabbits have incisors, premolars and molars; canines are absent, as in other herbivorous animals:
- The upper jaw has four incisors, six premolars and six molars (233×2 = 16);
- The lower jaw has two incisors, four premolars and six molars (123×2 = 12).
TOTAL: 28 permanent teeth
The dental formula of a rabbit in dentistry is written as follows.
A photo. The dental formula takes into account the number of teeth on one side only. To get the full number of teeth, the amount must be multiplied by 2.
Rabbit teeth, structural features
Idioadaptations that characterize the teeth of a rabbit determine the nature of dental pathologies characteristic of lagomorphic animals.
The most important adaptations of the dental system of rabbits as herbivorous animals.
- There are two types. incisors and chewing or cheek teeth (molars and premolars). Rabbit teeth are less durable than carnivorous animals, but much sharper.
- They grow throughout life. In rabbits, a clinical and reserve dental crown is isolated, there is no real root, so the teeth grow all their lives. Therefore, the molars of the rabbit are called differently. cheek.
- Like all herbivorous animals, fangs are absent. Instead, there is an empty, edentulous space (about 3 cm) between the incisors and the premolar, which is called a diastema.
- The diphyodontic type of teeth means that milk teeth are replaced with permanent ones. Dental plate rudiments are formed in the third week of embryogenesis. A newborn rabbit is immediately born with 16 teeth, of which six are incisors, and ten are false cheeks. Adults have 28 permanent teeth.
- The change of milk teeth to permanent teeth begins almost immediately after birth and ends by 18. 35 days of life.
- The incisors of the upper jaw in a rabbit are unusually located. two incisors in front and two behind, and not in one row.
- Teeth do not contain red pigment, as in rodents nutria, degu, chinchilla.
- Incisors and cheek teeth grow continuously. The germinal (embryonic) tissue of the incisors will grow by about 2-4 mm per week, and the buccal tissue by about 4 mm per month.
- The tooth enamel on the outer side of the rabbit’s incisors is stronger than their inner surface and has a self-sharpening effect. The more roughage gnaws, the sharper the incisors due to the rapid abrasion of the inner side of the enamel.
- Molars and premolars wear naturally in adult rabbits. On the upper jaw outward and the lower jaw inward.
A photo. The second incisors in the upper jaw are marked with a red dot. Hares, rabbits, pikas have two rows of incisors. Rodents (nutria, chinchilla, hamster) have only two incisors on the upper jaw.
A photo. Regularities of abrasion of cheek teeth. Normally, the lower cheek teeth are abraded with a sharp edge to the tongue, in the upper cheek teeth they are abraded with a sharp edge outward.
Mineral metabolism disorders
It occurs more often in young animals during a period of intensive growth, in pregnant and lactating females, in animals receiving an unbalanced diet. The predisposing factors for tooth demineralization are:
- Mineral metabolism disorders. rickets;
- Decreased bone density (osteoporosis, osteodystrophy);
- Pathology of hormonal metabolism (hyperparathyroidism);
- Vitamin D deficiency and sun exposure.
The pathogenesis of metabolic disorders in teeth develops in approximately the same way as other dental pathologies.
The special structure and location of the rabbit’s teeth are due to their herbivorous nature. they cut off food with incisors, and chew it thoroughly with their molars.
The rabbit has 28 teeth in total. They have the following location:
- Upper incisors. four teeth;
- Lower incisors. two teeth;
- The molars on the upper jaw are six on each side;
- The molars on the lower jaw. five on each side.
Thus, the rabbit has sixteen teeth on the upper jaw, and twelve on the lower jaw, for a total of twenty-eight teeth.
The incisor structure is the main distinguishing feature of rabbits. These animals have to gnaw on solid food, bark of trees and shrubs, rough food and grains. This opportunity is provided by the large size and strength of the cutters.
The cutters wear out from constant contact with a hard surface. Their constant growth provides the emergence of new tools for food. The average growth rate of the front teeth in rabbits is about ten centimeters per year. This keeps them healthy.
It is not difficult to distinguish the incisors from the rest of the teeth, since they have a characteristic appearance. large and sharply protruding forward. There are four incisors on the upper jaw, and two on the lower. The incisors have a sharp edge that allows them to successfully perform their function. Hard enamel covers only the front surface, which ensures the grinding of the teeth and the preservation of the sharpness of their edges.
Existing dental problems
Rabbits are not susceptible to such troubles as tooth decay and tartar. Potential dental problems in rabbits include:
- Excessive root growth leading to eye disease.
Each of these dental diseases in rabbits is fraught with negative consequences and requires intervention.
Features of rabbit teeth
Rabbit teeth have characteristic features. The main one is that they continue to grow throughout the life of a rodent.
The formation of milk teeth begins at the stage of the embryo. Rabbits are born, already having sixteen milk teeth. Starting on the eighteenth day, the baby teeth of the rabbit begin to change to permanent.
By the end of the first month of life, with normal development, the rabbit already has a full set of teeth. This comes in very handy, since rabbits, previously fed exclusively on their mother’s milk, are transferred to self-feeding.
This pathology is a malocclusion, which causes insufficient contact between the lower and upper teeth, as a result of which the rabbit cannot close them, as well as excessive tooth growth.
The causes of this disease are:
- Genetic predisposition,
- Wrong diet;
- Metabolic disorders;
- An infection trapped in the root of the tooth, which provokes growth in the wrong direction.
Symptoms of the disease include:
- The rabbit chooses only soft consistency from the offered food;
- The rabbit completely refuses to eat or his appetite decreases;
- Dramatic weight loss;
- Yellowing of the teeth;
- Deterioration of bowel function;
- Creak of teeth;
- Mucosal bleeding.
Since an external examination of the front teeth is possible, it is possible to diagnose yourself. A visit to the veterinarian is required to examine the molars.
Since this is a painful procedure, you have to resort to anesthesia. After diagnosis, treatment should be initiated. Overgrown teeth are trimmed with forceps.
The corners of the teeth should be filed. To relieve inflammation, the oral cavity must be rinsed with a furacilin solution. On the recommendation of a veterinarian, antibiotics are given, which normalizes metabolism.
To prevent the disease, it is necessary to monitor the balance of the feed given to the rabbits. There should be free access to branches of trees and bushes, about which rodents can grind their teeth.
How many teeth does a rabbit have
Of the three types of teeth that exist in nature, rabbit teeth have two types. incisors and molars. These animals have no canines. A feature of the teeth in rabbits is their constant growth.
The molars of a rabbit perform a chewing function. They, like millstones, grind food, after which it is easier for it to continue to move along the gastrointestinal tract.
When chewing, the jaws move relative to each other, which ensures grinding of solid food. Soft plant food is rubbed when moving the jaws from bottom to top.
Abscesses and suppuration
Damage to the oral mucosa can lead to suppuration. If the rabbit has low immunity, then this causes the appearance of pustules.
Symptoms are profuse saliva production, fever, refusal to eat. This may require surgery and antibiotic treatment.
For expert advice on how to properly feed your rabbits, see our article.
The structure and growth features of rabbit teeth
The structure of the jaws is one of the distinguishing features of the appearance of animals of the hare family. Rabbit teeth are constantly evolving to help grind and chew food. These bony formations grow constantly in the mouth of furry mammals. Pets are unable to independently take care of the strength and health of their teeth. Keeping track of this is the responsibility of the animal owner.
Abscesses and suppuration
Painful inflammation of a purulent nature. abscesses. is difficult to cure. Suppuration can cause blood poisoning, leading to death of the animal.
Such ailments appear due to mechanical damage to the oral cavity. In addition, age-related changes and improper metabolism are the reasons.
- The appearance of swelling in the mouth;
- Decreased appetite;
- Increased body temperature (with advanced form).
For treatment use:
- Antibiotics prescribed by a veterinarian;
- Furacilin solution for washing;
- Vitamin and mineral complexes that stimulate metabolism.
In severe advanced cases, surgery is performed.
The structure of the dental system of rabbits
Rabbits are herbivores. The structure of the dental apparatus is adapted to the lifestyle and nutrition of animals. The main food of these representatives of the hare family is grass. Therefore, thorough grinding of such food is important. The teeth of a rabbit have different functions:
- The incisors are used to cut grass and capture food;
- Indigenous help in chewing food.
From an early age, the jaws of rabbits are distinguished by their strength and the ability to grind solid food. They are under heavy stress. This is the reason for a number of distinctive characteristics of the rabbit dental apparatus:
- Constant, lifelong growth. over, the length of the teeth increases weekly. In a month, the “growth” is about a centimeter, and in a year. up to 12 cm.
- The surface is completely covered with enamel.
- A characteristic feature is the absence of roots.
Knocking and grinding of jaws
The sounds made by the rabbit (rattling or grinding of the jaws) are considered normal. This is a common occurrence and does not require an urgent visit to the veterinarian and treatment.
Be wary if your rabbit chatters too often. However, there is nothing wrong with this, provided that the sound is not very loud. This behavior suggests that the animal is relaxed and experiencing positive emotions. If the sound is loud, it may indicate discomfort and discomfort. In this case, it is recommended to observe the pet, if additional symptoms appear, consult a doctor.
Pathology affecting the passage of the process of grinding bone formations in the mouth. Malocclusion is more common in ornamental varieties. When chewing, the jaws do not close properly and do not grind. Overgrown molars injure the cheeks of the animal, leading to abscesses.
It appears for the following reasons:
- Improper nutrition. feeding with high-calorie foods that do not require much time to chew and quickly saturate the animal;
- Lack of mineral elements in food, for example, a natural abrasive. silicon.
- Decreased appetite and refusal of rough food;
- Increased salivation;
- Disorders in the digestive tract;
- The appearance of inflammation and swelling in the mouth.
The only way to fix the problem is to see a doctor who will trim the molars and incisors.
The structure of teeth in decorative pets
In representatives of decorative varieties, the structure of the dental system is slightly different. There are characteristics that are inherent only in such breeds:
- Large incisors of the upper row protruding forward. over, the second (smaller) pair of teeth is almost completely closed. Large incisors are responsible for the correct bite of the rabbit.
- The molars necessary for chewing food are divided into two “subgroups”. These are premolars and molars. The former are also called false. It is the molars that help the animal to chew, turning food into gruel, which is very important for the normal functioning of the stomach.
- The jaw, located in the upper part of the mouth, has a pair of incisors (large and small) on each side. Empty space follows. Then. chewing premolars and molars.
- In the lower jaw there is one incisor (large), two premolars and three molars.
In general, the general structure and number of teeth in rabbits of all breeds is the same.
The timing of the appearance of the first teeth and their change
Baby mammals are usually born toothless. The formation of the chewing apparatus occurs later. It’s not like that with rabbits. Baby rabbits’ teeth begin to develop even before birth, so eared babies are born already toothy.
The final chewing apparatus forms and grows within a month. By the end of this period, a young rabbit acquires the same number of teeth as an adult eared eared. As for the length of the incisors and molars, it increases throughout the entire life cycle of the animal.
A problem that often frightens owners of furry pets. A broken tooth poses no threat to the eared ears. A new one will grow in a couple of weeks. If such a problem occurs, the owner is required to do the following:
- Check the integrity of the ward’s jaw;
- Remove the debris from the oral cavity;
- Remove a damaged tooth if it is loose;
- In case of a decrease in appetite and a deterioration in the general condition of the ward, you should consult a veterinarian.
An increase in the root area arising from a violation of the metabolism of minerals in the animal’s body. Leads to the development of inflammatory processes in the oral cavity.
Illness occurs due to a lack of minerals in the feed, as well as due to the body’s poor ability to absorb certain substances, for example, calcium.
- The appearance of tubercles on the lower jaw;
- The occurrence of conjunctivitis and lacrimation;
- Manifestation of signs of malocclusion of molars and incisors.
Medicines that reduce inflammation and antibiotics prescribed by your veterinarian will help get rid of the problem. In addition, it is recommended to pay attention to the pet’s diet, increase the animal’s intake of minerals and nutrients.
A rabbit has 28 teeth, which is
What you need to know about the teeth of decorative rabbits. In rabbits, teeth grow all their lives. And they grow very quickly, the growth rate of the front incisors is about 10 cm. Per year! Naturally, at such a growth rate, the rabbit needs to grind them.
What you need to know about teeth in decorative rabbits
In nature, rabbits are constantly gnawing something: bark, branches, shrubs, so their teeth are grinded naturally. At home, especially if the rabbit is constantly kept in a cage and has nothing to chew on, its teeth grow back quickly, and as a result, problems with bite arise.
What to do to prevent bite disease in a rabbit The owner, in order to prevent the development of occlusion diseases, should do two main things:
Rabbit’s teeth are quite fragile and toenail clippers may be suitable for cutting them at home. After trimming, the teeth need to be ground. For these purposes, you can use a nail file. But it should be borne in mind that this method is quite dangerous: firstly, the tooth can crack and the dental pulp is exposed, which can develop into pulpitis; secondly, in such a situation, your rabbit may behave unpredictably, as this is a painful procedure for him. So if you are a beginner it is still worth contacting your veterinarian. In veterinary clinics, a dental cutter is used for cutting a tooth, which allows the procedure to be carried out less painfully and without negative consequences.
What to do if a rabbit breaks a tooth Many owners get scared when they see that their rabbit has broken a tooth. In fact, there is nothing wrong with that. The rabbit’s teeth grow very quickly, so within one to two weeks the broken tooth will grow back. The only thing you may need to do is shorten the adjacent tooth according to the length of the broken one so that the length of both teeth is the same. How to trim a tooth, we told in the previous paragraph.
If you notice the following symptoms, then you should definitely contact your veterinarian:
- – Profuse drooling, hair on the chin and around the mouth is wet and matted.
- – Watery eyes.
- – Refusal of food at the last moment (the rabbit willingly approaches food, but refuses to take it in his mouth).
- – Change in “food habits” (the rabbit stops eating what he loved before, begins to prefer softer foods).
- – Abscesses on the cheeks or jaw of a rabbit.
- – The rabbit shows pain when you touch his cheeks and jaws.
- – Red or white gums (normal rabbit gums are pink).
- – Bad breath.
- – The rabbit begins to lose weight.
- How long do decorative rabbits live?
- How to know that a decorative rabbit is sick
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- First aid kit for decorative rabbits
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- Diarrhea in a decorative rabbit what to do