Why a subcutaneous tick is dangerous for a dog
With demodicosis, the disease proceeds in a scaly or pustular form. In the first case, the skin reddens and cracks, and in the second, it becomes moist and wrinkled due to the resulting abscesses and ulcers.
In the absence of treatment, the localized form flows into a generalized one, combining the symptoms of scaly and pustular demodicosis. This form is often complicated and difficult to treat.
If the disease spreads throughout the body, then the animal has problems with:
- lymph nodes;
Due to the resulting wounds, the dog’s body becomes vulnerable to pathogenic microorganisms. The ulcers get a secondary infection, which is a serious danger with a weak immune system. The animal can die from sepsis.
In this regard, it is necessary to carry out diagnostics at the first warning signs that change the usual behavior of the pet.
The risk of infection with ticks cannot be completely excluded, but if the basic rules of care and maintenance are followed, it can be minimized.
For the health of a four-legged friend, it is important:
- Increase the dosage of acaricidal preparations in the presence of long hair. This rule also applies to frequent bathing, which removes the applied drug from the skin.
- Monitor the quality of food. Do not mix dry and natural feeding, exclude the purchase of cheap feed and low-quality products. Remember that if the dog eats natural food, then it needs to be given vitamins, agreed with the veterinarian.
- Refuse the planned mating when parasites are detected. Each participant must undergo a comprehensive background check, so ask the co-host for confirmation.
- Limit contact with unfamiliar animals. A particular danger is posed by stray and wild animals that carry dangerous infectious diseases.
- Examine skin and coat carefully after every walk. Parasites love to climb into hard-to-reach places, so check the tail, ears, armpits, groin and limbs.
- Sterilize it after an illness. Subcutaneous mites are dangerous hormonal disorders that can cause relapse, and congenital diseases in offspring.
- Seek help from the vet clinic for any alarming symptoms. It is better to make a mistake in an independent diagnosis than not have time to prevent a real illness at an early stage.
Additional protection against parasites will be provided by special antiparasitic drugs:
- Collars (Kiltiks, Beafar, Foresto). Collars are effective for 6 months, but often come with allergies and are not suitable:
- lactating and pregnant animals;
- puppies under 2 months old;
- dogs with low immunity and chronic diseases.
Sprays (Mr. Bruno, Bolfo, Hartz) and drops (Bars, Frontline, Advantiks, Stronghold). The main disadvantage of these drugs is considered to be diminishing effectiveness. In addition, it is important: to increase the amount of the product for animals with long hair by about 2 times; re-treatment after each wash of the dog; spray the spray on all open areas of the skin (drops are enough to apply only to the withers). Vaccines (Nobivak Pro, Pirodog). In addition to subcutaneous ticks, ixodid ticks, carriers of piroplasmosis, are a serious danger. Vaccination is an important procedure to stimulate protective immunity. Even if infected, the vaccinated dog will survive the disease more easily and avoid possible complications.
Causes and ways of infection
Notoedres and sarcoptes scabiei are transmitted through close contact with infected animals or through the use of their personal belongings. Both parasites are dangerous to humans, but do not cause serious complications:
- notoedres leaves the host’s body on its own within 30 days, since it is not capable of reproducing on human skin;
- sarcoptes scabiei is not able to gnaw through human skin, therefore, laying of eggs in the tunnels made is observed only in animals.
Demodex canis is an exception. He already lives in the dog’s body, so the cause of the disease is a sharp weakening of the immune system, which occurs when:
- poor quality nutrition;
- pregnancy and childbirth;
- infectious diseases (distemper, pyoderma);
- endocrine system diseases (Cushing’s syndrome, hypothyroidism);
- stress and mental disorders;
- unsuitable climatic conditions or hypothermia;
- autoimmune pathologies (pemphigus, lupus);
- oncological diseases;
- changing teeth or stopping;
- long-term use of antibiotics;
- surgical operations.
Demodecosis is especially dangerous for puppies born from a sick mother, and dogs of the following breeds:
- German Shepherds;
- doberman pinschers;
- Great Danes;
- Afghan hounds;
- cocker spaniels;
- English Bulldogs;
The disease is not spread to other dogs and humans.
How to recognize
The initial symptoms of invasion are devoid of individual coloration, and in adult and healthy animals they are completely absent. This complicates timely diagnosis, therefore, for any behavioral changes, it is better to play it safe and consult a doctor.
Popular drugs for subcutaneous tick
All types of diseases caused by subcutaneous mites are similar in symptoms, but have different treatment regimens. Do not use medicinal products without veterinarian approval.
The list of popular acaricidal drugs can be found on the example of the table.
The most effective cure for a subcutaneous tick is Dectomax. Due to its high toxicity, veterinarians prescribe it only if there is a serious threat to the health of the animal.
The first symptoms appear some time after the bite. Sick pet:
- refuses to eat and does not even react to favorite treats;
- loses the usual activity and falls into a state of apathy;
- shows irritation when trying to contact;
- freezes in any conditions, and his body temperature rises.
Secondary symptoms will help to distinguish tick-borne infestation from the common cold:
- severe itching, forcing the dog to comb the bites into the blood;
- redness and cracking of the skin;
- loss of hair, leading to baldness in the affected area;
- the formation of dandruff and suppuration with a putrid odor.
In addition to general symptoms, individual symptoms can be distinguished, depending on the type of tick:
- Notoedres. Itching and inflammation are accompanied by dark gray discharge from the ears, accompanied by an unpleasant odor.
- Sarcoptes scabiei. On the affected area, thin mowing lines of light gray color are formed, ending in a small bubble at the end.
- Demodex canis. Inflammation is of a point nature, and the disease (demodicosis) occurs in 2 forms:
- Localized. On the affected part of the body (muzzle, paws) there are up to 5 foci of no more than 2.5 cm in diameter. Young animals 1.5-2 years old are susceptible to this form. It is easy to treat, and in some cases goes away on its own.
- Generalized. Appears in the absence of treatment of a localized form and affects most of the body. Does not depend on age and is accompanied by excruciating itching and purulent inflammation. When a secondary infection occurs, the chances of recovery are reduced to 50%.
Pets are the hardest to carry tick-borne infestations:
The treatment regimen for a subcutaneous tick depends on its type, therefore, medications are prescribed only after the diagnosis is made.
Do not use topical antipruritic medicines before visiting a veterinary clinic. This will distort the research results.
- collecting anamnesis, which allows you to calculate the individual factors that caused the disease (poor-quality nutrition, chronic diseases);
- a blood and urine test showing a change in the main indicators due to toxins released by parasites;
- taking a scraping from the skin, which determines the type of tick;
- Ultrasound and X-rays used to track internal pathologies unknown to the owner.
As a rule, treatment takes from 1 to 2 months and is based not only on the destruction of parasites, but also on the elimination of the consequences left by them. Drug therapy includes taking:
- vitamin and mineral complexes that normalize the immune system;
- acaricidal preparations aimed at killing ticks;
- antihistamines that relieve and eliminate itching;
- hepatoprotectors that restore damaged liver cells.
When treating notoedrosis and sarcapotis, it is important to remember about safety and handle the animal with protective gloves. Please note that if the dog has an ear mite, then the medicinal drops are dripped into both ears, regardless of the affected area.
In the process of vital activity, ticks release toxic substances that poison the host’s body. Taking medications is not enough for recovery, therefore, they are additionally prescribed:
- A sparing diet. In medical nutrition, it is important:
- Refuse to reheat. Food should be warm (no higher than room temperature) and fresh.
- Eliminate fatty and heavy foods. Preferred beef tenderloin, chicken fillet and oatmeal.
- Ensure adequate fluid intake. In addition to fresh water, it is recommended to water the pet with rosehip broths, useful for immunity.
It is equally important to monitor the cleanliness of the room in which the sick animal lives. Parasites do not like cleaning products, so re-infection in your own home will be excluded.
The most difficult thing to treat is demodicosis, which can recur at the slightest weakening of immunity. For pustular or generalized forms, the following scheme is used:
- Long-haired pets are trimmed to gain access to the affected areas.
- Purulent crusts are softened with hydrogen peroxide and removed with a cotton swab.
- After shearing and cleansing, the animals are washed with a special shampoo for seborrhea.
- Clean areas of the affected skin are lubricated with acaricidal preparations. Additionally, medications are applied that eliminate the symptoms of itching (Pikhtotin).
- Dogs affected by a secondary infection are given antibiotics.
- In addition to hepatoprotectors (Essentiale, Karsil), animals are given probiotics and prebiotics that normalize the digestive tract.
Do not use corticosteroids to relieve inflammation. Despite the effective elimination of inflammatory processes, the drugs significantly suppress the work of immune cells.
Symptoms and consequences of a localized form of demodicosis usually disappear within 1-2 months of treatment. Animals affected by the generalized form will have to fight the disease for a longer time. Even after recovery, preventive checks are needed to detect possible relapse at an early stage.
What does a subcutaneous tick look like?
Most of the subcutaneous mites enter the body from the outside and penetrate deep into the skin. These parasites include:
- Notoedres. Dirty gray mites with a rounded body 0.2-0.45 mm long, tapered limbs and a horseshoe-shaped proboscis. Parasitizes on the outside of the ear and causes notoedrosis.
- Sarcoptes scabiei. Completely white or yellowish-white ticks with a broadly oval body 0.14-0.45 mm long, convex dorsum and numerous scales covering 4 pairs of limbs. Affect the entire surface of the body and cause sarcoptic mange.
An exception is the Demodex canis mite. a parasite that lives in the animal’s body on a permanent basis. Its cigar-shaped body is light gray in color and measures 0.2-0.3 mm long.
How to treat an ear mite in a dog
The veterinarian should tell you how to treat otodectosis correctly. Depending on the severity of the inflammation, the specialist will select the drugs, and also calculate the dosage, focusing on the age and weight of the animal. The doctor will advise on how to care for the dog so that the ear mite does not cause a serious illness.
Typical Symptoms of Ear Scabies
An attentive owner will quickly notice signs of an ear mite in a dog. You need to pay attention to the behavior of the pet. If he shakes his head, often itches, the most likely reason for this behavior is a tick.
Other symptoms also indicate infection:
- blackheads that don’t look like dirt and inflamed areas inside the ear
- brownish, sticky discharge in the ear canal;
- loss of hair on the outer surface of the affected ear;
- unpleasant putrid smell from the dog’s ears.
To kill ticks in dogs, you can use aerosol and injection preparations, ointments, drops. Veterinarians prescribe injections if an advanced form of otodectosis is detected.
An external medicine recommended by a specialist can be easily applied to the affected area on your own. The most effective ointments for tick treatment:
- Amidel gel;
- Amitrazine Plus;
Ointment or drops must be warmed to room temperature before use.
It is important to take the full course of therapy recommended by your doctor to get rid of the tick completely. A week after the first treatment with insecticides, the ears of the dog are again instilled with preparations for the destruction of young individuals. If several pets live in the house, all need to be treated.
How does it manifest and how to treat ear scabies in dogs
Ear mites in dogs provoke otodectosis (ear scabies). The pathogen is easily transmitted from sick animals to healthy ones, from infected bitches to puppies, as well as when using someone else’s ammunition. It is not difficult to suspect that the dog is infected with a tick. severe itching makes the animal scratch its ear every minute. It is easy to resist complications during infection if you keep your pet’s ears clean and carry out anti-mite treatment. In advanced cases, the disease threatens with serious consequences.
Rules for processing auricles
Treatment for ear mites in dogs begins with the removal of parasites and secretions. For the procedure, use a cotton swab or a small cotton ball (for a large dog), rinsing solution. hydrogen peroxide, furacilin. To soften dry crusts, it is allowed to use sterilized vegetable oil or chamomile decoction.
They clean the ear very carefully, removing the accumulation of mites and discharge so that the dog does not feel pain. It is important to talk calmly with your pet while brushing.
A new tampon or ear sticks are used for each hearing organ. At the end of the procedure, veterinarians advise to reward the pet with a treat.
Ear drops are dripped onto the cleaned surface or an ointment recommended by a veterinarian is applied. Then the ear is massaged at the base with light movements for deeper penetration of the medication. To prevent the dog from shaking out the medicine, it is worth holding its head still for 5-7 minutes.
The owner can easily handle the ear of a large breed dog on his own. The procedure for a small dog or puppy should be performed by a doctor.
Ear Mites in Dogs and How to Treat Them.
Herbal therapy is acceptable only if the ear mite has not led to complications. It will not be possible to cope with advanced forms of otodectosis without medication.
Veterinarians advise to carry out treatment at home after the dog has been examined by a specialist.
Camphor oil is used to cleanse the ears of ticks. They lubricate the affected surface twice a day for 3 days in a row, after a week the course is repeated.
Strong tea leaves help to cure the dog. It is cooked 25-30 minutes before processing, cooled. A cotton swab is moistened in the solution and the ears are wiped. The procedure is repeated three times daily for a week.
For adults, ears are treated with a mixture of garlic gruel (1 part) with sterile vegetable oil (5 parts). The freshly prepared product is kept for a day, filtered, used for anti-mite treatment 1 time per day for up to 7 days.
Destroys parasites, relieves inflammation and promotes rapid healing of wounds essential oils of lavender, eucalyptus, tea tree. To prepare a home remedy, use 10 ml of boiled vegetable oil and 10 drops of essential oil. Ear treatment is carried out 2-3 times a day, the course lasts up to 10 days.
Causes and ways of infection with otodectosis
Otodectosis in dogs spreads very quickly. Veterinarians explain this phenomenon by the fact that the parasite is easily transmitted from infected fellow tribesmen, cats (they suffer from otodectosis more often), ferrets and foxes. Infection is possible if the owner brought the eggs of the parasite on the shoe into the house. The source of infection for puppies is their mothers who did not undergo preventive treatment or treatment before pregnancy.
Why is the disease dangerous?
Ear scabies not cured at an early stage in dogs often causes serious consequences. Among them. inflammation of the middle ear (otitis media), perforation of the eardrum, due to which the dog can lose hearing.
Even more dangerous consequences (meningitis, arachnoiditis) are associated with the spread of the inflammatory process to the brain.
With advanced ear scabies, the dog develops a deficiency of sympathetic innervation, manifested by Horner’s syndrome (the dog bows its head to the affected side, the eyeball may be drawn in). In severe cases or in case of untimely treatment, there is a high risk of death of the animal.
Signs of an ear mite in dogs appear to varying degrees, depending on the severity of the pathology. The more advanced the disease, the stronger the symptoms.
Otodectosis can be determined by external changes. The habitat of the parasite becomes inflamed, turns red and swells. The inner side of the shell is contaminated with the waste products of the tick, covered with black, dark brown crusts.
The animal feels discomfort, the following symptoms are noted:
- Intense continuous itching. The pet constantly scratches the ear, often tearing it to blood, or rubs against the surrounding objects.
- Unnatural head position. The dog tilts its head in the direction where it feels anxiety.
- Purulent discharge.
- With a severe course of the disease, nervous disorders are possible.
If you do not start treatment in a timely manner, the inflammatory process will spread deeper, and serious complications will arise.
Solutions for injection
If the dog does not have certain restrictions on the use of solutions for injection, it is recommended to use this type of therapy.
Means of fighting ticks in the form of injections cope not only with external pests, but also destroy internal parasites. They have a longer lasting effect than medicines for external treatment. In veterinary medicine they use:
- Otodectin. An antiparasitic drug aimed at eliminating external and internal pests at any stage of development. Dosage for dogs is calculated as 0.2 milliliters of medicinal solution per kilogram of body weight. It works for two weeks and is completely excreted in the urine. Injections are recommended to be done in the scapula or forearm.
- Ivermek 1%. Systemic solution. The active substance leads to paralysis and subsequent death of external, ocular, gastrointestinal parasites. It is active in the body of an animal for 10-14 days. Used once, injected intramuscularly. The maximum dosage is 0.2 milliliters per 10 kilograms of mass.
- Aversect 0.5%. Injected twice with a break between injections in 1-1.5 weeks.
The last two drugs are contraindicated for use in Sheltie and Collie breeds.
What is Otodectosis in Dogs
A harmful mite settles in the auricle and begins its life. Digs passages in the epidermis, feeding on the skin, sulfur, regularly releasing digested metabolic products.
The tick not only causes discomfort, but also causes significant harm to health, provokes serious complications.
You can understand the presence of otodectosis by the behavior of the dog: it becomes restless, constantly scratching its ears. You need to get rid of the tick immediately to avoid unpleasant consequences.
How to put drops in a dog’s ear
Treatment of otodectosis using drops has its own characteristics. First of all, both auditory organs of the animal are processed, even if only one is infected. Before applying the medicine, read the instructions. Attention is paid to dosage and contraindications.
The procedure is carried out in several stages:
- Fix the dog’s head in a stationary position.
- Fold back the edge of the ear.
- The medicine is dripped in the amount indicated in the instructions.
- Distribute drops evenly with massage movements.
What does ear mite look like in dogs
Ear mites in dogs are arachnids, a subclass of arthropods. Imperceptible to the human eye. The length of the parasite does not exceed half a millimeter.
The body of the tick is oval, the color is beige, which makes it invisible on the skin. Outwardly, the pest resembles a small spider (see photo).
The life cycle of the parasite lasts 20-25 days, depending on temperature conditions. During this time, the tick goes through five stages of development, starting from the larva and ending with the adult. Outside the body, it can exist for about three weeks, at a negative temperature, it lives no more than five days.
The described ticks affect not only dogs, but also cats, rabbits, ferrets, polar foxes, sables, foxes. Otodectes cynotis is not parasitic in humans.
The advantage of this form is uniform spraying in the affected area. Work large areas quickly and comfortably. Shake the aerosol can before each use. For medicinal purposes, they are prescribed:
Ear Mites Diagnosis and Treatment in Dogs and Cats
- Acrosol. An effective means of contact action, intended for the therapy of otodectosis. Sprays to the desired area within one second. For a deeper penetration of the components of the drug, the ear is bent and lightly massaged. They are processed twice, with a break of one week. It is forbidden to use puppies up to a month.
- Frontline. Insectoacaricidal drug for different types of fleas, ticks, lice. Destroys both adult insects and their larvae. Due to the oily components, it remains on the skin for a long time, preventing re-infection.
Sprays are sprayed at a distance of ten centimeters from the lesion. Processing is carried out outdoors or in a ventilated area.
Home therapy rarely results in a dog’s recovery. It is impossible to remove the tick only with folk remedies. However, this method is a good addition to the main treatment prescribed by the doctor. Especially effective at the initial stage of otodectosis.
To treat a dog’s tick-affected ear, the following recipes will work:
- Strongly brewed black tea without additives or flavors.
- Sunflower oil with one part iodine solution.
- Kerosene mixed with olive oil in equal proportions.
Traditional methods have several advantages:
- natural composition;
- lack of toxicity;
- no side effects and contraindications, with the exception of hypersensitivity to the components of the substance.
Herbal medicines relieve symptoms, speed up recovery.
How does the infection occur, how is the ear mite transmitted?
An ear mite is transmitted when a healthy dog comes into contact with an infected dog. Cases of infection through individual items (shoes, etc.) are recorded, but more often this is true for small dogs and animals with weakened immunity. In young puppies, the source of infection is often the mother.
The ear mite causes an infectious disease in the dog, which, as a rule, is chronic. In the habitats of the ear mite, there are:
- during the inflammation, a characteristic fluid is released, which, together with dead skin particles, earwax and tick waste products, forms black-brown crusts in the dog’s auricle,
- in case of complication by secondary microflora, the process switches to secondary and internal care and then to the meninges (it is rare).
When parasitizing a dog with an ear mite, the owner may notice the following symptoms:
- persistent itching: the dog tries to scratch the ears on objects or scratches them intensively with its claws (often bloody),
- the position of the dog’s head becomes unnatural: the head is lowered or tilted towards the affected ear,
- with an advanced form of the disease, pus forms in the auricle, which sticks together the wool on the lower edge of the ear,
- in the case of the transition of inflammation to the meninges, nervous disorders develop, during which the dog dies.
3-5 drops are instilled into two ears, repeat after 5-7 days.
What is this tick?
The Otodectes cynotis mite lives in the external auditory canal of many carnivores (dogs, cats, ferrets, polar foxes). It feeds on blood, lymph, earwax and skin particles, constantly releasing, of course, its waste products.
A dog can become infected at any time of the year. This is due to the fact that ear mites live in a closed space (auricle), where suitable conditions for their life and development are constantly maintained. But the number of parasites can vary and will depend on the physiological state of the dog. That is, the younger the dog (still weak immunity) or the weaker the health of the animal, the higher the risks of developing otodectosis.
Ear mite affects animals of various ages, but young animals from 1.5 to 6 months are more affected.
Prevention of Otodectosis in Dogs
3-6 drops in each ear with an interval of 5-7 days.
Drops from the ear mite “Amitrazine”
1-2 ml of the medicine is instilled into each ear. Repeated injections are made 1 time in 3 days until complete recovery.
You can also treat otodectosis with almond oil. It not only promotes the healing of inflamed wounds, but also effectively prevents the further spread of pests. It is necessary to drip 1-2 drops into the dog’s ears daily until all symptoms of the disease disappear.
Despite the development of medicine, or rather the variety of medicines that veterinary medicine offers today, I try to do without chemistry. I use black tea, the infusion of which I regularly clean the ears of my dog, as a result of which we do not have problems such as ear mites.
Drops for dogs from ear mites for external use based on amitraz, chloramphenicol and chloramphenicol. The combined preparation has a detrimental effect on various types of ticks, including representatives of Otodectes cynotis. It is produced in the form of a homogeneous oily liquid of a yellow-brown hue.
To remove the ear mite, 3 to 5 drops are dripped into each ear of the dog, distributing the oily composition with massaging movements. The duration of treatment is 2-3 procedures with an interval of 3-5 days. If necessary, the course of treatment is repeated until the pet is completely clinically cured, which is confirmed by two negative results of acarological studies.
Taking the drug is contraindicated in females during lactation and pregnancy, pets up to a month old, as well as weakened animals. A bottle of Dect (10 ml) costs about 130 rubles.
Dekta is a unique remedy. Drops were prescribed to my dog by a veterinarian when he diagnosed an ear mite. Two procedures were carried out, and all symptoms of infection disappeared. I advise. Relatively inexpensive and very effective remedy.
Drops for the treatment of ear mites in dogs. They have acaricidal, bactericidal and anti-inflammatory effects. Diazinon acts as an active ingredient. The composition is applied in 3-5 drops to each ear opening. Processing is carried out twice with a five-day interval. Repeat treatment if necessary.
The drug is contraindicated in case of damage to the tympanic membrane, as well as in animals that have hypersensitivity to the components of the drug.
Drops Bars have helped my pet more than once: they treated otitis media with them, and got rid of ear mites. A very effective remedy. Recommend.
You can also be treated for an ear mite with an iodine-oil solution, which is prepared at the rate of 1 tsp. iodine for 4 tsp. sunflower oil. The resulting mixture is used for daily treatments of the dog’s ears.
You should not try to climb with a cotton swab deep into the ear canal, this can damage the eardrum.
It is not always possible to get into the ear of a dog that is infected with an ear mite, since the pet is experiencing great discomfort. An infusion of green tea, which is prepared at the rate of 2 tsp, will help relieve itching and inflammation. in a glass of boiling water. It is necessary to wash your pet’s ears daily for a month and you will not have to resort to drug therapy.
How and how to treat ear mites in dogs
After confirmation of the analysis, treatment of ear mites in dogs at home is prescribed. For this, special drops and ointments are usually used.
The first stage of treatment is cleaning the ears from purulent discharge, dried crusts and arthropod waste products. The success of the entire process depends on the quality of these actions. It is better to use a cotton swab for this, the soft part of which is saturated with hydrogen peroxide. After abundantly wetting the area infected with the tick, you must wait for the dirt and crusts to get wet. Only then should they be carefully removed. Otherwise, the dog will experience pain and itching, as a result of which it will not be allowed to carry out such a procedure next time.
Both ears of the dog should be treated, even if the symptoms of the disease are present in only one auricle. And you need to use a separate cotton swab for this.
After cleaning the ears, use the medication prescribed by your veterinarian. It is impossible to reduce the duration of their use, even if there is a noticeable decrease in the manifestations of otodectosis. After all, the medicine should kill not only adults, but also parasites in the egg stage. over, in order to avoid the appearance of relapses, not only the area of the ears is subject to treatment, but also other affected areas of the dog’s skin. A pet infected with parasites is isolated from other animals until it is fully recovered.
You should not remove the ear mite yourself due to the fact that the parasite is small enough and cannot be removed mechanically. It is enough for the dog to start using the drugs prescribed by a specialist and the pest will leave its victim by itself.
Having found a tick in a dog’s ear, you can also use Oridermil. an ointment that has an antimicrobial, antiparasitic, antifungal and anti-inflammatory agent. The active ingredients in it are: permitrin, nystatin, lidocaine, neomycin sulfate, triamcinolone acetonide.
If the disease is accompanied by a fungal or bacterial infection, the composition is applied once a day for a week, if necessary, the course of treatment is repeated after 7 days. At the initial stage of the disease, the drug is used twice with an interval of 5-7 days, if necessary, the course of treatment is repeated after 1-2 weeks.
Contraindications are a violation of the tympanic membrane, the presence of hypersensitivity to the components of the drug, the period of pregnancy and lactation, as well as a weight of less than 1.5 kg.
When using the ointment, do not drink, eat or smoke. It is necessary to limit contact of the treated pet with young children and other animals.
There is Oridermil ointment in a tube (10 g) in the region of 520-550 rubles.
Recipes from the people
In the early stages of the disease, when dense crusts have not yet appeared in the ears of the dog, but there is only slight contamination, you can also use folk remedies.
Symptoms of otodectosis
The parasite that settled on the dog’s body very soon makes itself felt. You can recognize an ear mite in a dog by the following signs:
- the presence of itching and dark discharge from the auricle, as a result of which thick crusts drying in the folds of the ear are formed;
- the appearance of an unpleasant odor;
- skin lesions and hair loss on the back of the ear;
- increased release of sulfur masses;
- the pet tilts its head reflexively due to damage to the inner ear;
- refusal to eat.
A photo of an ear mite in dogs is presented below.
Having found the above signs of an ear mite, it is necessary to urgently start treatment, since the consequences of otodectosis can be quite dangerous. The disease in an advanced stage becomes not only the cause of the destruction of the tympanic membrane and deafness, but also contributes to the development of meningitis, the result of which is often fatal.
Ear mite infection
All wild and domesticated carnivores are susceptible to otodectosis. Not only canines, but also felines can get sick, moreover, cats get sick with ear mites much more often than dogs. Ear scabies are caused by microscopic sarcoptic mites, a favorable breeding environment for which is a warm, humid atmosphere. At temperatures below 5 degrees, parasites die within a few hours, without falling into suspended animation.
Infection with ear scabies occurs by contact. Infection occurs not only through direct contact between a sick dog and a healthy one. Ear mite eggs can easily be brought by the owner from the street on his hands, shoes, clothes.
It is important to understand that a person is only a carrier. Ear mites do not parasitize in humans.
The most common carrier of otodectosis is stray animals, especially cats. Contact directly with the ear of an infected animal is not required, tiny eggs of parasites may end up on the skin or fur of the sick individual. Therefore, the pet must be carefully protected from communication with stray animals.
The most effective injections against otodectosis:
- Aversect 0.5%. Not recommended for use in combination with other antiparasitic agents. Has a wide spectrum of action on ectoparasites, including ear mites. Apply subcutaneously or intramuscularly 2 times with an interval of 10. 14 days at the rate of 0.2 mg per 1 kg of dog weight. for 5 ml.
- Ivermek 1%. An effective remedy against sarcoptic mites. It is used as an anti-acaricidal agent subcutaneously or intramuscularly at the rate of 0.2 ml per 10 kg of the dog’s live weight. Re-introduction is recommended after 10-14 days. for 10 ml.
- Otodectin. Possesses a wide spectrum of action against ectoparasites. The ear mite has low drug resistance. Apply subcutaneously at the rate of 0.2 ml per 1 kg of dog weight. Re-treatment is recommended after 2 weeks. for 10 ml.
Drops in the ears
Ear mite drops:
- Surolan. It is used to treat the effects of otodectosis (allergic reactions, inflammation). It is not an insectoacaricide. Method of application. 3-5 drops in each ear for two weeks 30 ml. 1400 rubles.
- Oricin. Effective insectoacaricide. Additionally, it has an anesthetic, antipruritic effect. Method of application. from 2 to 5 drops in each ear (the exact dosage is prescribed by the veterinarian, depending on the weight of the dog) within a week.
- Leopard. Drops have an insectoacaricidal effect, also additionally relieves inflammation, kills gram-positive bacteria. Apply twice from 3 to 5 drops (depending on weight) with an interval of 10. 14 days.
- Otoferonol gold. It has no additional properties other than the fight against ear mites, it works exclusively against the parasite. It is applied twice with an interval of 2 weeks, 3. 5 drops in each ear. for 10 ml.
Options for ointments against otodectosis:
- Aversectin ointment. Insectoacaricidal drug. Does not have anti-inflammatory and antipruritic properties. Only works against the parasite. For the treatment of ear mites, the ointment is placed in the auricle twice with an interval of 10. 14 days (at the rate of 0.3 grams per square centimeter). for 30 grams.
- Sulfur tar ointment. A complex agent against parasites, also has antimicrobial and disinfectant properties. Apply for 7. 10 days, rubbing into the auricle with a thin layer. No prior removal of hair or scabs is required. per packing.
Modern veterinary medicine offers a wide selection of insectoacaricidal preparations in various forms of release. A huge range of products is highly effective, due to the low resistance of the ear mite to active substances.
At the initial stage, it is necessary to stop the cause. to destroy the parasite. If otodectosis is not started, concomitant diseases have not developed, then additional funds will not be required.
Before using any drugs, prior consultation with a veterinarian is required. Possible complications or individual drug intolerance.
Home treatment for ear mites
At the initial stage, otodectosis is absolutely not dangerous, treatment from the parasite cannot even be called a full-fledged treatment. Much greater problems are caused by concomitant diseases. but this is already the prerogative of only a veterinarian.
To get rid of an ear mite, it is enough to treat the dog’s ear twice with insecticidal acaricidal agents. Otodectosis treatment regimen at home:
- It is necessary to purchase an insecticide-acaricidal drug at a veterinary pharmacy;
- Clean the surface of the auricle with a cotton swab from scabs and exudate;
- Treat the ear with a medicine according to the instructions;
- Massage the auricle folded in half for even distribution over the surface;
- After 10. 14 days, repeat the procedure;
Ear parasites often have low drug resistance, sometimes a single treatment is enough. But for complete confidence in recovery, they still repeat the procedure.
If, after re-treatment, the symptoms of otodectosis have not gone away, you must immediately contact the veterinary clinic. perhaps the diagnosis was not correct.
Prevention of otodectosis in the domestic dog
As you know, any disease is easier to prevent than to cure. Observing elementary preventive measures, the dog will remain healthy and long-term, costly and troublesome treatment can be avoided.
Ear mite prevention measures:
- The most effective way to prevent otodectosis is regular treatment with insecticidal acaricidal agents. It is necessary to use ear mite remedies from early spring (as soon as the snow has melted) to late autumn (before frost).
- Prophylaxis throughout the season should be regular. It is impossible to delay the processing of the pet even for several days, especially if the dog actively communicates on the street with fellow tribesmen.
- If the animal has not been processed for some reason, it is forbidden to allow it to communicate with other dogs (especially with stray cats).
- The owner must follow the rules of hygiene. wash his hands after the street, before stroking the pet; keep your dog from licking his shoes.
Treatment with folk methods
Traditional therapy is not an effective treatment. It brings great efficiency as a preventive measure, or as an aid.
If there is a large amount of dried crusts and scabs in the auricle, you can use oils (camphor, coconut, etc.). Apply with a cotton pad to soften and further remove crusts.
- Strong green tea (no sugar!) Can be used as an antiseptic. Prevents the development of infections and kills the unfavorable bacterial environment in the ear canal. Green tea lotions should be done twice a day, for 10. 14 days.
- Chlorhexidine or hydrogen peroxide can be used to disinfect, to prevent the development of infection (especially if the dog scratches the ear, injuring it). Processing is carried out with a cotton swab dipped in a solution, 2 times a day, until the dog is fully recovered.