How to treat a subcutaneous tick in a dog. drugs, treatment regimen
Tick-borne infections are dangerous diseases that pose a threat not only to the dog, but also to its owner. It is important for your pet’s safety to know the differences between existing tick species and the symptoms they cause.
In the article, I will consider the symptoms that occur during infection, and I will analyze the popular drugs for the subcutaneous tick.
The risk of infection with ticks cannot be completely excluded, but if the basic rules of care and maintenance are followed, it can be minimized.
For the health of a four-legged friend, it is important:
- Increase the dosage of acaricidal preparations in the presence of long hair. This rule also applies to frequent bathing, which removes the applied drug from the skin.
- Monitor the quality of food. Do not mix dry and natural feeding, exclude the purchase of cheap feed and low-quality products. Remember that if the dog eats natural food, then it needs to be given vitamins, agreed with the veterinarian.
- Refuse the planned mating when parasites are detected. Each participant must undergo a comprehensive background check, so ask the co-host for confirmation.
- Limit contact with unfamiliar animals. A particular danger is posed by stray and wild animals that carry dangerous infectious diseases.
- Examine skin and coat carefully after every walk. Parasites love to climb into hard-to-reach places, so check the tail, ears, armpits, groin, and limbs.
- Sterilize it after an illness. Subcutaneous mites are dangerous hormonal disorders that can cause relapse, and congenital diseases in offspring.
- Seek help from the vet clinic for any alarming symptoms. It is better to make a mistake in an independent diagnosis than not have time to prevent a real illness at an early stage.
Additional protection against parasites will be provided by special antiparasitic drugs:
- Collars (Kiltiks, Beafar, Foresto). Collars are effective for 6 months, but often come with allergies and are not suitable:
- lactating and pregnant animals;
- puppies under 2 months old;
- dogs with low immunity and chronic diseases.
How to recognize
The initial symptoms of invasion are devoid of individual coloration, and in adult and healthy animals they are completely absent. This complicates timely diagnosis, therefore, for any behavioral changes, it is better to play it safe and consult a doctor.
What does a subcutaneous tick look like?
Most of the subcutaneous mites enter the body from the outside and penetrate deep into the skin. These parasites include:
- Notoedres. Dirty gray mites with a rounded body 0.2-0.45 mm long, tapered limbs and a horseshoe-shaped proboscis. Parasitizes on the outside of the ear and causes notoedrosis.
- Sarcoptes scabiei. Completely white or yellowish-white ticks with a broadly oval body 0.14-0.45 mm long, convex dorsum and numerous scales covering 4 pairs of limbs. Affect the entire surface of the body and cause sarcoptic mange.
An exception is the Demodex canis mite. a parasite that lives in the animal’s body on a permanent basis. Its cigar-shaped body is light gray in color and measures 0.2-0.3 mm long.
Why a subcutaneous tick is dangerous for a dog
With demodicosis, the disease proceeds in a scaly or pustular form. In the first case, the skin turns red and cracked, and in the second, it becomes moist and wrinkled due to the resulting abscesses and ulcers.
In the absence of treatment, the localized form flows into a generalized one, combining the symptoms of scaly and pustular demodicosis. This form is often complicated and difficult to treat.
If the disease spreads throughout the body, then the animal has problems with:
- lymph nodes;
Due to the resulting wounds, the dog’s body becomes vulnerable to pathogenic microorganisms. The ulcers get a secondary infection, which is a serious danger with a weak immune system. The animal can die from sepsis.
In this regard, it is necessary to carry out diagnostics at the first warning signs that change the usual behavior of the pet.
The first symptoms appear some time after the bite. Sick pet:
- refuses to eat and does not even react to favorite treats;
- loses the usual activity and falls into a state of apathy;
- shows irritation when trying to contact;
- freezes in any conditions, and his body temperature rises.
Secondary symptoms will help to distinguish tick-borne infestation from the common cold:
- severe itching, forcing the dog to comb the bites into the blood;
- redness and cracking of the skin;
- loss of hair, leading to baldness in the affected area;
- the formation of dandruff and suppuration with a putrid odor.
In addition to general symptoms, individual symptoms can be distinguished, depending on the type of tick:
- Notoedres. Itching and inflammation are accompanied by dark gray discharge from the ears, accompanied by an unpleasant odor.
- Sarcoptes scabiei. On the affected area, thin lines of light gray color are formed, ending in a small bubble at the end.
- Demodex canis. Inflammation is of a point nature, and the disease (demodicosis) occurs in 2 forms:
- Localized. On the affected part of the body (muzzle, paws), there are up to 5 foci no more than 2.5 cm in diameter. Young animals 1.5-2 years old are susceptible to this form. It is easy to treat, and in some cases goes away on its own.
- Generalized. Appears in the absence of treatment of a localized form and affects most of the body. Does not depend on age and is accompanied by excruciating itching and purulent inflammation. When a secondary infection occurs, the chances of recovery are reduced by up to 50%.
Pets are the hardest to carry tick-borne infestations:
Causes and ways of infection
Notoedres and sarcoptes scabiei are transmitted through close contact with infected animals or through the use of their personal belongings. Both parasites are dangerous to humans, but do not cause serious complications:
- notoedres leaves the host’s body on its own within 30 days, since it is not capable of reproducing on human skin;
- sarcoptes scabiei is not able to gnaw through human skin, therefore, laying of eggs in the tunnels made is observed only in animals.
Demodex canis is an exception. He already lives in the dog’s body, so the cause of the disease is a sharp weakening of the immune system, which occurs when:
- poor quality nutrition;
- pregnancy and childbirth;
- infectious diseases (distemper, pyoderma);
- endocrine system diseases (Cushing’s syndrome, hypothyroidism);
- stress and mental disorders;
- unsuitable climatic conditions or hypothermia;
- autoimmune pathologies (pemphigus, lupus);
- oncological diseases;
- changing teeth or stopping;
- long-term use of antibiotics;
- surgical operations.
Demodecosis is especially dangerous for puppies born from a sick mother, and dogs of the following breeds:
- German Shepherds;
- doberman pinschers;
- Great Danes;
- Afghan hounds;
- cocker spaniels;
- English Bulldogs;
The disease is not spread to other dogs and humans.
An ear mite causes an infectious disease in a dog, which, as a rule, is chronic. In the habitats of the ear mite, there are:
- during the inflammation, a characteristic fluid is released, which, together with dead skin particles, earwax and tick waste products, forms black-brown crusts in the dog’s auricle,
- in case of complication by secondary microflora, the process switches to secondary and internal care and then to the meninges (it is rare).
When parasitizing a dog with an ear mite, the owner may notice the following symptoms:
- persistent itching: the dog tries to scratch the ears on objects or scratches them intensively with its claws (often bloody),
- the position of the dog’s head becomes unnatural: the head is lowered or tilted towards the affected ear,
- with an advanced form of the disease, pus forms in the auricle, which sticks together the wool on the lower edge of the ear,
- in the case of the transition of inflammation to the meninges, nervous disorders develop, during which the dog dies.
Ear mite in dogs: treatment, drugs, drops to remove the tick
When the dog begins to scratch the ear intensively, shakes its head, tilts its head to one side, black crusts are found in the ear. the owner may suspect that his pet suffers from otodectosis (ear mite). This disease is caused by a microscopic mite parasitizing in the auricle. However, such symptoms can be present with other ear pathologies, so you should definitely show the dog to a veterinarian.
This tick medicine is also instilled into both ears of the dog 3-5 drops, twice with an interval of 5-7 days.
A strip of gel 0.5-2 cm is applied deep into the ear canal (in both ears) and massaged thoroughly. Processing is carried out twice with a break of 5-7 days.
Veterinary remedies for ear mites
The diagnosis is made on the basis of signs characteristic of the presence of an ear mite, as well as the obligatory scraping. To do this, an ear stick is used to collect impurities from the inner side of the auricle and apply them to a glass slide. Press down on top with a cover glass and look under a microscope. If the dog really has an ear mite, then it will be clearly visible, it looks like in the photo.
After confirming that the dog has an ear mite, appropriate treatment is prescribed.
What is this tick?
The Otodectes cynotis mite lives in the external auditory canal of many carnivores (dogs, cats, ferrets, polar foxes). It feeds on blood, lymph, earwax and skin particles, constantly releasing, of course, its waste products.
A dog can become infected at any time of the year. This is due to the fact that ear mites live in a closed space (auricle), where suitable conditions for their life and development are constantly maintained. But the number of parasites can vary and will depend on the physiological state of the dog. That is, the younger the dog (still weak immunity) or the weaker the health of the animal, the higher the risks of developing otodectosis.
Ear mite affects animals of various ages, but young animals from 1.5 to 6 months are more affected.
Medicines designed to combat ear mites come in different forms: in the form of drops, ointments, gels and aerosols. They are used in accordance with the instructions or recommendations of the veterinarian.
Symptoms of otodectosis
The parasite that settled on the dog’s body very soon makes itself felt. You can recognize an ear mite in a dog by the following signs:
- the presence of itching and dark discharge from the auricle, resulting in the formation of thick crusts drying up in the folds of the ear;
- the appearance of an unpleasant odor;
- skin lesions and hair loss on the back of the ear;
- increased release of sulfur masses;
- the pet tilts its head reflexively due to damage to the inner ear;
- refusal to eat.
A photo of an ear mite in dogs is presented below.
Having found the above signs of an ear mite, it is necessary to urgently start treatment, since the consequences of otodectosis can be quite dangerous. The disease in an advanced stage becomes not only the cause of the destruction of the tympanic membrane and deafness, but also contributes to the development of meningitis, the result of which is often fatal.
Acaricidal agent for dogs and cats with broad Spectra action. It is a colorless or yellowish liquid that is available in vials or dropper pipettes.
The basis of the drug is fipronil, a toxic component that is active against both adult parasites and their larvae. When the composition is applied, the ingredient accumulates in the sebaceous glands of the animal, as well as in the hair follicles and epidermis, affecting the ticks for a long time. Antihistamine, anti-inflammatory and local anesthetic effect provides diphenhydramine, the development of full-fledged nymphs and pupae is prevented by diflubenzuron.
Amit is applied to the affected pre-cleansed areas at the rate of 0.5 ml per 1 kg of the pet’s weight. The composition is distributed in an even layer, taking into account the capture of healthy skin (up to 1 cm). Processing is done 2 to 5 times with a break of 5-7 days.
It is not recommended to use the drug in puppies and kittens up to 2 months old, lactating and pregnant females, as well as weakened or sick animals with infectious diseases.
To clean the ears, veterinarians recommend using Otodin lotion, which has proven itself as a preventive and hygienic agent.
- 2-3 drops are injected into the ear opening, distributing the composition over the auricle with light massaging movements.
- After a few minutes, the remnants of the lotion mixed with the ear secretions are removed with a cotton swab, disc or tampon.
- After 20 minutes at the end of the cleansing procedure, use a medication.
Drops for dogs from ear mites for external use based on amitraz, chloramphenicol and chloramphenicol. The combined preparation has a detrimental effect on various types of ticks, including representatives of Otodectes cynotis. It is produced in the form of a homogeneous oily liquid of a yellow-brown hue.
To remove the ear mite, 3 to 5 drops are dripped into each ear of the dog, distributing the oily composition with massaging movements. The duration of treatment is 2-3 procedures with an interval of 3-5 days. If necessary, the course of treatment is repeated until the pet is completely clinically cured, which is confirmed by two negative results of acarological studies.
Taking the drug is contraindicated in females during lactation and pregnancy, pets up to a month old, as well as weakened animals. A bottle of Dect (10 ml) costs about 130 rubles.
Dekta is a unique remedy. Drops were prescribed to my dog by a veterinarian when he diagnosed an ear mite. Two procedures were carried out, and all symptoms of infection disappeared. I advise. Relatively inexpensive and very effective remedy.
Drops for the treatment of ear mites in dogs. They have acaricidal, bactericidal and anti-inflammatory effects. Diazinon acts as an active ingredient.
The composition is applied in 3-5 drops to each ear opening. Processing is carried out twice with a five-day interval. Repeat treatment if necessary.
The drug is contraindicated in case of damage to the tympanic membrane, as well as in animals with hypersensitivity to the components of the drug.
Drops Bars have helped my pet more than once: they treated otitis media with them, and got rid of ear mites. A very effective remedy. I recommend.
How and how to treat ear mites in dogs
After confirmation of the analysis, treatment of ear mites in dogs at home is prescribed. For this, special drops and ointments are usually used.
The first stage of treatment is cleaning the ears from purulent discharge, dried crusts and arthropod waste products. The success of the entire process depends on the quality of these actions. It is better to use a cotton swab for this, the soft part of which is saturated with hydrogen peroxide. After abundantly wetting the area infected with the tick, you must wait for the dirt and crusts to get wet. Only then should they be carefully removed. Otherwise, the dog will experience pain and an itching sensation, as a result of which it will not be allowed to carry out such a procedure next time.
Both ears of the dog should be treated, even if the symptoms of the disease are present in only one auricle. And you need to use a separate cotton swab for this.
After cleaning the ears, use the medication prescribed by your veterinarian. It is impossible to reduce the duration of their use, even with a noticeable decrease in the manifestations of otodectosis. After all, the medicine should kill not only adults, but also parasites in the egg stage. over, in order to avoid the appearance of relapses, not only the area of the ears is subject to treatment, but also other affected areas of the dog’s skin. A pet infected with parasites is isolated from other animals until it is fully recovered.
You should not remove the ear mite yourself due to the fact that the parasite is small enough and cannot be removed mechanically. It is enough for the dog to start using the drugs prescribed by the specialist and the pest will leave its victim by itself.
You can also be treated for an ear mite with an iodine-oil solution, which is prepared at the rate of 1 tsp. iodine for 4 tsp. sunflower oil. The resulting mixture is used for daily treatments of the dog’s ears.
You should not try to climb with a cotton swab deep into the ear canal, this can damage the eardrum.
Ear mites in dogs. otodectosis
Ear mites, or scientifically otodectosis, often affects our dogs and gives them a lot of unpleasant sensations. The people call this ailment ear scabies, and not without reason, because the parasite provokes the disease, which is localized in the auricles of the animal, forcing it to behave unusually. What kind of disease is it, how can it be recognized and, most importantly, get rid of it in a timely manner?
Consequences of advanced otodectosis
A tick bite is not only unpleasant sensations of the dog, but also a possible cause of various kinds of complications. If the pet is not treated, then this can lead to the following consequences:
- festering of the resulting wounds;
- the development of an inflammatory process in the ear. otitis media;
- damage and further destruction of the tympanic membrane;
- decreased or complete hearing loss;
- inflammation of the membranes of the brain and spinal cord. meningitis.
Statistics indicate that complications develop in one out of ten cases of otodectosis. Naturally, this is not a reason to panic, but a warning. a sick animal must be cured in a timely manner.
Treating ear mites in dogs
There are many reasons why it is not worthwhile, without experience, to engage in independent treatment of a four-legged friend:
- Only a specialist after a comprehensive diagnosis can confirm that the pet has otodectosis.
- When choosing a drug, the doctor takes into account the individual characteristics of the dog (breed, tendency to allergic manifestations, neglect of the disease) and prescribes the optimal remedy.
- An experienced veterinarian will be able to calculate the required dosage, as well as the duration of the course.
All anti-parasite agents can cause allergies, as they contain special components that are poisonous to insects. Therefore, it is necessary to constantly monitor the animal and, in case of any symptoms, go to the clinic. the doctor will prescribe another drug.
Before applying external agents, it is imperative to clean the auricles from accumulated sulfur, leaked exudate, and crusts. To do this, you can wrap a piece of gauze or bandage around your index finger and wipe the inside of the sink. The bandage can be moistened with a solution of boric acid, furacilin or hydrogen peroxide. In the latter case, it is necessary not to allow the drug to drip into the ear.
The procedure can be supplemented by applying vegetable oil to the baked crusts, or by treating them with freshly brewed tea leaves. To do this, it is convenient to use cotton swabs and change them as often as possible.
For the same purposes, you can purchase special lotions at the veterinary pharmacy, for example, “Epi-Otik” or “Otodin”, which will facilitate the removal of crusts, eliminate an unpleasant odor, and they also have a pronounced antipruritic effect. They can also be used as a prophylactic agent.
It doesn’t matter if one auricle is damaged or both are affected. two ears are always subjected to the procedure. You cannot use the same material to clean both ears. when switching to the second ear, you need to take a clean stick or put a new bandage on your finger. Such treatment is an excellent preventive measure that protects against the further spread of parasites.
Drops are usually given to treat ear mites in dogs. It is necessary to instill in both ears, strictly taking into account the prescribed dosage.
Among the well-known ear drops from otodectosis in dogs, the following can be noted:
- “Amitrizan Plus”;
For external treatment, ointments may be prescribed by a veterinarian:
- “Sulfuric ointment”;
- “Colloidal sulfur”;
- “Aversectin ointment”;
- “Vishnevsky balsamic liniment”.
The ointment must be warmed to room temperature, applied to the affected area with light massaging movements so that the medicine penetrates into the deeper layers of the epidermis.
You should know that such remedies eliminate the adults of the parasite. Therefore, it is necessary to repeat the treatment after a week and a half after the first course. Do not forget about possible allergic manifestations, and if, after using the product, the pet has skin hyperemia, itching, skin rash, then you need to consult a doctor.
If, after the completed therapeutic course, the subcutaneous tick reappears, it means that we are talking about incorrect or insufficient treatment, or the dog has low immunity.
Development of otodectosis in dogs
Penetrating on the body of an animal, the tick strives to get into its favorite habitat. the ears. It is here that the food for this parasite is found. blood, earwax. Biting the delicate skin, the tick leaves behind ulcerated, festering areas, from which the fur subsequently falls out.
The saliva of an insect thins the blood, which facilitates the processes of its saturation. In this case, substances contained in the parasite’s saliva cause allergic reactions in the animal. And the main symptom of allergy in this case becomes unbearable itching.
How Can I Treat My Dogs Ear Mites at Home [3 AMAZING Home Remedies]
The surfaces affected by the mite are compacted and covered with dried crusts. I must say that the disease looks unpleasant and, having seen formations in the ears of a pet, the owners most often think that his ears are simply dirty. In fact, this is far from the case.
When a dog scratches its ears during otodectosis, it inflicts wounds on the affected skin, and this causes the development of an inflammatory process. a secondary infection that often accompanies the disease. Itching in the ears can also be caused by other reasons, not always of a parasitic nature, but inflammation most often signals an infection with an ear mite.
Symptoms of Otodectosis in Dogs
As already noted, tick saliva is an allergen for an animal, but not only it, but all other products of its vital activity are toxic. Getting on the skin and in its inner layers, they lead to the appearance of microscopic tears, provoking itching in the dog. The pet is constantly scratching and shaking its ears. Scratches and wounds appear in the auricles and on the outside of the ear. Earwax mixes with lymph, mite feces and forms brown crusts.
In addition, a number of symptoms are added:
- the dog begins to eat poorly, sometimes refuses food altogether;
- the pet does not sit still, behaves restlessly;
- in case of severe damage, the dog can constantly tilt its head towards the affected ear.
To identify the cause of this behavior, that is, the parasite itself, an examination of the ear canal is necessary. Using a cotton swab, you need to clean the auricle and place the contents on a dark sheet of paper. The seized sample must be delivered to the veterinary clinic.
In a clinic, the resulting material is examined under a microscope. If it really is a tick, then you can see the moving tiny gray-white specks.
But if you cannot see the parasites, then this does not guarantee their absence. In the initial stage of the development of the disease, this usually happens. In this case, only a veterinarian can identify the disease.
Ear mite preventive measures
Since the parasite is transmitted from an infected animal, you should protect your pet from communicating with yard and stray dogs. This is the main preventive measure.
Regular examination of the dog for parasites is required, and do not forget to pay attention to the ears. This is especially important for pets with hidden auricles, since it is not always possible to detect a tick or inflammation in them in time.
If brownish sulfur begins to form, it means that the animal has become infected with an ear mite.
By regularly cleaning the auricles, you can remove parasites that have just entered the ear, preventing the development of the disease. And, in addition, such hygiene will not allow the spread of infection.
Do not neglect the use of special insecticidal agents against parasites. drops, sprays, shampoos. Dogs need treatment prior to seasonal parasitic insects. You need to choose the funds carefully, especially if the pet has a tendency to allergies.
Like most diseases, otodectosis is very easily cured at the very beginning of development. At this stage, regular cleaning of the ears and the use of special drops will help to relieve the pet of ailment.
If it was not possible to identify a subcutaneous mite, and it caused significant damage to the dog, then not only otodectosis will have to be treated, but also the secondary infection that has joined. This will take more effort and time.
Of course, the veterinarian must make the final diagnosis of the animal. But according to some external manifestations and symptoms of ear scabies, the dog owners themselves can guess that she has otodectosis:
The animal scratches the ear, or rubs it against various objects. On the inner skin surface of the auricle, scratches appear, and on the outer, a crust forms at the base of the ear, from constant scratching
If you suspect a disease of otodectosis, you need to contact a veterinary clinic, after examination and microscopic examination of scabs for the presence of a parasite, the doctor will prescribe the necessary drugs and draw up a treatment regimen.
Do not rely on your own strength. Self-treatment of otodectosis, can lead to serious negative consequences for the animal.
The dog shakes its head and keeps its head tilted to the side towards the ear affected by ticks
Drugs for the effective treatment of canine otodectosis:
Drops: “Bars”, “Otoferonol Gold”, “Oricin”, “Dekta” and others;
Ointments: sulfur-tar and birch tar;
Injectables: Ivermec 1%, Otodectin.
Before using acaricidal agents, it is necessary to clean the dog’s ears as best as possible, from accumulated scabs. To do this, they are moistened and softened with one of the antiseptic agents (boric acid, hydrogen peroxide, furacilin solution, ear lotions), preventing fluid from flowing into the ear canal.
Having carefully cleaned the skin of the inner surface of the ear and the cavity of the ear canal, from softened scabs, one of the anti-otodectosis drugs is instilled, observing the dosage given in the instructions. Given the development cycle of the parasite, drugs are usually used twice, observing a weekly interval between procedures.
Injectables work most effectively. If the dog has no contraindications, then this is the best treatment option. They ensure the destruction, not only of skin parasites, but also helminths, acts more long-term and reliably than drops, sprays and ointments.
Important: you need to remember that all insecticidal drugs are potent drugs and can be dangerous, not only for animals, but also for people. The use of otodectic agents requires strict adherence to the order of application and dosage, according to the instructions and taking into account the weight of the animal.
To prevent infection of the dog with otodectosis, you need to use acaricidal collars, drops or sprays. If the animal is ill, to prevent re-infection, it is necessary to wash the dog with one of the antiparasitic shampoos and rinse the place of detention and care items with an insecticidal solution.
How does the disease arise and progress?
The main cause of infection with an ear scabies mite in a dog occurs through direct contact of sick animals with healthy
For example, on a walk, when communicating with stray animals, which, most often, become the source of the spread of the disease.
In addition, given that the parasite retains viability, for some time, outside the body of the animal, infection can be carried out through care items, hands, shoes of the owner, and other objects with which the dog comes into contact.
Mites live on the surface of the skin and feed on the epidermis (cells in the top layer of the skin). Damaging the skin, ear parasites cause chemical and mechanical irritation of skin receptors. Severe itching occurs. The damaged area becomes inflamed, accompanied by redness, swelling, and inflammatory effusion.
Inflammatory exudate, mite excrement, dead skin cells, dust and earwax mix and dry to form brown scabs on the skin surface. Dried crusts, accumulate in the lumen of the external auditory canal, contributing to blockage, and the accumulation of inflammatory effusion in the ear canal.
In such cases, perforation of the tympanic membrane may occur, while the inflammatory process continues, in continuation, to the middle, and then, to the inner ear of the dog.
In the most advanced cases, if untreated, the inflammation spreads to the lining of the brain, meningitis develops, and the animal dies.
Ear mites in dogs (otodectosis): effective treatment
Otodectosis or ear scabies. chronic invasive disease caused by microscopic scabies skin mites.
In addition to dogs, the ear mite most often affects cats, ferrets and fur-bearing animals (arctic fox, sable, mink, fox, rabbits). A person who has carnivore scabies does not get infected.
Clinical and home treatment for otodectosis
First, we note that the methods of treating dogs for ear mites can be divided into two large groups: “home” and clinical. I would like to say that starting to treat your pet according to the “recipes” read out on the first forum that comes across is not the best idea. If you do not know the basic therapeutic principles, then the dog can be harmed faster than help to actually improve its condition.
As a rule, drug treatment for ear mites does not cause any particular difficulties. Provided, of course, that the case is not yet too neglected.
There are a lot of preparations for this:
- The most common drops “Bars”, which are in every veterinary pharmacy.
- Aurican and other drip preparations intended to be applied directly into the ear canals.
What does ear mite look like in dogs
Even experienced breeders often have an idea of what an ear mite looks like in dogs. In general, there is nothing strange about this: the pathogen, that is, Otodectes cynotis, does not differ in impressive size. It can generally only be seen through a microscope.
But there is still a way to see this parasite with the naked eye:
- It is necessary to take a clean cotton swab and scrape the inner surface of the pet’s auricle thoroughly.
- Then you need to carefully peel off the cotton wool from it and put it in a small glass vial (a container for antibiotics or eye drops is ideal).
- After the jar is placed in a warm enough place for about an hour.
- After 60 minutes, the container is placed against a black background (for example, against a sheet of colored paper) and, using a good light source, carefully examine the insides of the test tube. If you look closely, you will notice tiny, whitish and “self-propelled” dots. These are ear mites. If you take a more powerful magnifying glass, you can see more details of the parasite’s body structure.
One of the interesting features of this tick species is the almost complete absence of sexual dimorphism: the body length of both females and males is approximately 0.45-0.5 mm. This makes them very different from other types of ticks, in which the female is usually much larger than the males (especially after abundant nutrition).
Risk group: which dogs are most susceptible to otodectosis
Quite frankly, dogs become infected with ear mites much less often than cats. But there is a certain risk group in the case of these pets:
- Longhaired breeds.
- Dogs with long ears are very susceptible to tick infestation.
- In addition, animals with soft and wrinkled skin (Shar Pei, for example) are in a similar situation.
But far from always and not in all cases the breed belonging plays a noticeable role. The combination of the following factors is much more important:
- Fatness and general health of the pet (however, this is true for thousands of other diseases). The closer the dog is to its normal physiological form, the less likely it is to develop tick-borne infestation. Accordingly, obese and weakened, emaciated animals are equally convenient targets for parasitic ticks.
- The younger or older the animal is, the more likely it is to get sick. Age factors have a bad effect on the state of immunity of dogs, and therefore the latter get sick much more often and much more heavily (of course, this applies not only to otodectosis, but also to many other pathologies).
- Of course, initially sick pets are much easier to “catch” parasites.
- Nutrition plays an important role. The better the pet’s diet is selected and balanced, the less likely it is that it will develop otodectosis.
How to properly clean your dog’s ears before using medication
And now we need to talk about how to properly clean the dog’s ears before using basic products. There is nothing difficult in this, but you should always be careful and careful:
- Use only sterile cotton swabs to clean your ears.
- When cleaning the ears from crusts and “debris” of waste products of ticks, force cannot be used. Simply put, all the crusts and other pieces must be separated very carefully and gradually. We strongly do not recommend peeling off the scabs, as this will certainly lead to the development of an inflammatory process. To prevent this from happening, you must first soften them with sterile vegetable oil or hydrogen peroxide.
Signs of ear mites in dogs
In general, everything is simple here. All signs of an ear mite in dogs are similar to those for any other hearing diseases:
- The dog starts scratching his ears. At first, it is mild, but over time, the itching becomes more and more severe. After a couple of weeks (depending on immunity and other factors), he “gets” the animal so much that the dog begins to literally tear his ears. It is not surprising that in sick pets, the auricles quickly become covered with numerous scratches, tears and abrasions.
- Development of the inflammatory process, in many cases quickly turning into a purulent form.
- Abundant accumulations of brownish-red deposits. These are the waste products of ticks. Accordingly, the more this “sedimentary rock” is, the more intense the infection.
- In severe, advanced cases, an ideal environment is created in the ear for the development of pathogenic and, including pyogenic, microflora. In addition, in some situations, putrefactive microflora joins the inflammatory process. In these cases, the dog starts to smell extremely unpleasant. In addition, with advanced otodectosis, the dog constantly shakes its head and ears, which is why droplets of a foul-smelling exudate scatter in all directions.
How to treat an ear mite in a dog at home
Some parasitic diseases in pets have become so boring to breeders that they practically do not pay attention to them. A good example of this is otodectosis in dogs. But the disease is actually very dangerous! Therefore, today we will tell you how you can (and should) treat an ear mite in a dog at home.
Ear Mites in Dogs and How to Treat Them.
We emphasize right away that it is possible to use folk remedies in the treatment of otodectosis only if the course of the disease is mild. When pus is trickling out of your pet’s ears, poultices are just a waste of time.
Experts advise using the following techniques:
- Camphor oil, which is used to clean dog ears up to three times a day, has proven itself quite well. Camphor mites are strongly disliked, so in the early stages of infection, it is quite possible to cure the animal.
- We highly recommend disinfecting the ears of a sick pet at least twice a day, using a 3% hydrogen peroxide solution for this purpose. The peroxide itself practically does not harm the ticks, but this simple remedy prevents the development of inflammatory processes.
- Strong green tea (cooled down to room temperature, of course) is a real folk remedy. They need to wipe the dog’s ears up to five times a day. Green tea is a natural disinfectant. It has a slight tanning effect and also prevents the development of inflammatory reactions in the animal’s ear canals.
- Garlic is advised to treat otodectosis, but we would not recommend using this remedy. The fact is that garlic contains many substances that are deadly to dogs. In addition, such a “vigorous” remedy can simply burn the delicate skin lining the inside of the ear canal. But if there are no other options, then you can use it. It is necessary to grind the smallest clove of garlic into a fine and completely homogeneous gruel. It is mixed with about a stack of sterile vegetable oil, and then infused for a day. The resulting composition is instilled into the ears of the dog no more than one drop per day.
- You can also use essential oils, including peppermint, eucalyptus, orange.
Once again, we warn you that all the “folk veterinary” remedies described by us are effective only in the initial stages of the disease. Also, if used too much, they can easily burn the skin in your dog’s ear canals.