What haircut to choose for a Yorkshire terrier?
There are a lot of options for creative haircuts. Your little one can look like a lion, spaniel, miniature schnauzer or someone else. it all depends on your imagination! The girl can make beautiful ponytails or braid pigtails using bows, hairpins, rhinestones or rubber bands.
York puppy after the first haircut. 5 months.
For boys, there are various options for haircuts with the so-called “pants”. A very popular option for girls: a haircut with a skirt. In this case, all the hair from the back and barrels is sheared, and on the paws and abdomen it remains almost intact. The remaining wool is trimmed to one length, thereby creating a so-called skirt.
Separately, it should be said about the paws of the Yorkie. You can completely cut off the wool from them, or you can leave it long, thereby creating the effect of beautiful neat “slippers”. It looks very stylish and original.
Do not be afraid to experiment with model haircuts, because only in this case you can choose a unique image for your pet.
What else you need to know about York‘s haircut?
In the summer, it is better to give preference to a short haircut so that your pet is comfortable.
If your pet has a very thick and fluffy coat, then it should not be grown. Otherwise, it will get tangled in tangles, which in any case will have to be cut.
I want to say that the haircut of your four-legged friend is a responsible business, which is better to entrust to experienced craftsmen. Try to accustom the Yorkie to a haircut from an early age, then he will treat the procedure patiently and calmly.
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At what age can a puppy be cut?
At the age of 5 days, a Yorkie has their claws trimmed for the first time. At the age of 3 weeks, not only claws are processed, but also ears. When the puppy is one and a half months old, it is necessary to trim the fur in the groin area. This is done for hygienic purposes.
From 4 months old the puppy needs a full hygienic haircut. Naturally, it is necessary to entrust the procedure to a professional who will treat the groin area, ears, abdomen and muzzle. It is categorically not recommended to cut all wool for a little Yorkie, otherwise it will subsequently lose its density and beauty. The baby’s claws need to be trimmed about once every 2 weeks.
From 6-7 months, the puppy can have a model haircut.
York puppy haircut.
Yorkshire Terriers are very cute, intelligent and friendly dogs. In addition, they are very miniature, which allows them to be kept even in small city apartments. It’s no surprise that many dog lovers choose Yorkies.
A beautiful thick coat is one of the main advantages of the Yorkshire Terrier. However, every caring owner should know that she will have to be regularly looked after. Necessary daily routines include: washing, combing and detangling the tangles. But that is not all. It is necessary to do a hygienic haircut at least once every 2 months, otherwise the wool will get tangled and your pet will not be as beautiful as you would like.
Photo of Yorkie haircuts
Photos of Yorkies’ haircuts taken at the pet salon
It will be much more difficult for the owner with such a pet, so picking it up is a crucial step. An older dog has a stiff character and demeanor, especially if it is a mongrel. In addition, she is used to living by her own rules and orders. It will not be difficult for an experienced dog breeder to cope with it and remake it for himself, but beginners may not be able to cope at all.
Important! Based on their own strengths and considering the upcoming difficulties, the owner should decide what time the puppies are taken home from their mother.
From a legal point of view
Breeders prepare a full package of documents for the dog to reach 45 days of life. From this time, from a legal point of view, the sale should be carried out. But ready-made accompanying documents do not mean that the dog is ready to leave its mother and go to live with a new family. And breeders do not always wait for the animals to achieve this age criterion.
Important! When buying a puppy with documents, it is important to check them carefully for the new owner.
Age and independence
At each age stage, dogs undergo their own development. That is why the future owner needs to know when to pick up the puppy from the mother and prepare for the difficulties of growing.
Age 4-6 months
The best solution is to purchase a dog after reaching a period of 4 to 6 months. At this age, the pet is already developed and clearly shows its habits and character. But there is an opinion that a pet that was not sold before this period has some kind of defects. In fact, this is not always the case and it is best to ask the breeder about the reasons for postponing the sale.
As for the price, it will be much higher, since considerable funds have already been invested in the pet for its development.
Newborn animals are absolutely not adapted to life, and their mother takes care of them. She looks after them, monitors their hygiene and feeds them. This period of life has a duration of up to 35 days. Many people believe that at the end of this time, the pet can be separated from the female, but this is not entirely true.
Upon reaching 35 days, the dog begins an adaptation process when he learns behavior. At this time, it is important that he feels motherly warmth. Already after 45 days of age, it is permissible to take a puppy into your family.
Puppy under 2 months old
Such a baby needs special attention. With his lack, he will whine until he is in the arms of his master. In addition, it can get sick more often due to weakened immunity, and its owner will have to follow the vaccination schedule.
The baby is still afraid of the world around him. At the same time, fear is inherent not only in small breeds, for example, Chihuahuas, Spitz and others, but also in large dogs.
After 8 weeks
When is the age when puppies can be weaned? It is best to choose a period when he stops feeding on his mother’s milk and learns from her the necessary habits and skills. The best will be after 8 weeks.
The right puppy will be the best friend of the family
If there is no desire to follow the vaccination schedule personally and take the pet to the veterinary clinic, then it is better to buy an animal for 4 months. In addition to vaccinations, by 4 months the owner will be able to assess the exterior and character. Of course, in the future, the owner will have to vaccinate, but it will not be so frequent.
Babies are born blind, deaf and without teeth. By 2 weeks of age, they begin to show an interest in solid foods that their mother regurgitates. At 3 weeks of age, they begin to feed from their mother’s container.
The transition to solid foods is gradual. The body begins to work hard, and by the month it is fully capable of assimilating food and natural products. But nevertheless, they continue to suck the mother’s milk for up to 8 weeks. Milk contains all the nutrients necessary for the development and full saturation of a young body.
The puppy is recommended to be weaned from the mother and brothers after 45 days of life
Up to 2 months, a little dog is in dire need of a mother, her warmth and communication with her brothers and sisters. That is why it is advisable not to wean the puppy before this period. However, breeders already at the age of one month start selling.
Labrador retriever puppy age. When is it better to take?
According to the rules of the RKF (Russian Cynological Federation), puppies receive documents from 45 days. From this age, they are ready to move to their owners.
What age is better to take a Labrador puppy is a question that is asked quite often. First of all, let’s figure out for whom it is better. for the puppy or for the owners.?
Physiologically, already from 35 days of age, the puppy is able to feed independently and not depend on the mother. But taking such a small puppy is not only wrong, but also criminal. After all, this disrupts his natural psychological development and socialization.
RAISING TINY YORKIE PUPPIES ♡ Age 3. 12 Weeks
Based on the puppy’s psychological maturity, the best weaning age is 7 weeks. By this age, the period of socialization in dog society ends.
To quote D. Fischer “The main function of this period of socialization in dogs is for the puppy to learn to regulate the bite force, communicate with other dogs, establish a hierarchy, and, which is also vitally important, he comes into contact with humans. Breeders should regularly pick up puppies, turn them gently, check their eyes, ears, teeth, paws, and more. By doing this, they not only give the puppies an enjoyable human experience, they also make the puppies experience mild stress, which will help them build stress tolerance later on. Puppies who have been given the opportunity to complete this period in the company of their mother and other puppies, constantly feeling warm and protected, and, in addition, gain experience of contact with people, growing up, usually become well-adapted adult dogs. “.
EN Mychko identifies such stages of development. up to 8 weeks, the period of imprinting. The puppy remembers the image of his species, of a person and is maximally revealed to the world around him. The social concept “WE” is being formed. With this, the first period, the stage of personality formation is closed, it falls on the age from 6 weeks to 5 months. The puppy is aware of his own “I”. His research activity and independence increases.
It turns out that the best age for a puppy to move is 8-9 weeks. It is better to take a puppy at this age, as he will most easily get used to new circumstances and will be “tied” to the owner more than an older puppy.
What’s the best for the owners? This is individual. Everyone has different possibilities. Of course, it is a great joy and happiness to grow your dog out of a 45-day-old “little girl”. A small labrador puppy easily gets used to the new environment, quickly assimilates its social status and, importantly, sleeps a lot. As they get older, the periods of wakefulness become longer, so the older the puppy, the more attention it needs. You also need to take into account that a puppy of this age needs 4-5 meals a day and regular communication with people. If during the working day the baby is left alone. you should think about purchasing a grown-up puppy. from 3 months. At this age, 3 meals a day are enough. And the foundations of education and social relations will already be laid by the breeder. But here you need to take into account that breeders are different, and the conditions in which the puppy will grow up will certainly be reflected in his character. By 5 months, the puppy is already a fully formed personality, with its own individual traits and habits that can be adjusted, but not changed. Therefore, when deciding to have a Labrador Retriever puppy, first of all, look for a good breeder.!
Benefits of a grown puppy
A grown-up puppy is more simple in everyday life, you can feed it 3 times a day (and not 5, like a baby), you can already seriously engage in training, it is difficult for children to accidentally injure a puppy when playing.
2. All vaccinations and deworming are done.
3. Certain skills are laid (the puppy can walk on a leash, tries to go to the toilet on the street).
4. The peculiarities of the psyche are visible (sociability, reaction to stress, ability to learn). The character has already been determined (a small puppy is always a surprise).
5. The exhibition potential and exterior of the dog is visible, including all the shortcomings, if any: cryptorchidism in males, malocclusion, pathologies of the development of joints (dysplasia).
By purchasing a small puppy, we acquire with him all the “growth” risks. Risks of malocclusion, musculature and skeletal formation, childhood illnesses and injuries. The risks of improper socialization of a puppy (especially in non-professional hands) are also higher than in a teenager with already formed good character
How to put the ears of a Yorkie
Yorkshire Terriers, according to international breed standards, should have raised, erect V-shaped ears covered with light hair. In most puppies, ears are upright at 2-4 months of age, but sometimes remain drooping for a variety of reasons. This does not affect the health of the pet, but if the owner plans to engage in exhibition activities, he needs to know how to put the ears of a Yorkshire Terrier.
Why Yorkie doesn’t have ears
There are several reasons why a Yorkie does not get his ears up:
- Genetics. Due to the mating of dogs within the same city, various genetic pathologies can occur.
- Change of teeth, during which the body lacks calcium and vitamins.
- Cartilage size. With the rapid development of cartilage tissue, the ear cartilage becomes too heavy and cannot take a vertical position.
- Lack of hair clipping. If you do not trim the hair on the ears, it can weigh down the edges of the ears and they begin to hang. According to the breed standard, you need to cut the hair in the shape of the letter V. At an early age, you can shave off the hairs to the base, they will then grow back. It is necessary to trim the coat constantly, at any age. For this, a special machine for dogs is used, in no case should a tool intended for people be used (due to stronger vibration and noise).
- Avitaminosis. With a lack of essential vitamins and minerals, the ears may fall off, even if they had previously taken the correct position.
It is almost impossible to independently determine the cause of the incorrect position of the ears, without consulting a veterinarian. You need to immediately contact the veterinary clinic, where the pet will be diagnosed, a set of measures will be recommended.
At what age do Yorkie puppies get ears
All Yorkie puppies are born with small hanging ears. During the growth period, the auricles increase, the internal cartilage is strengthened, which is responsible for their position and shape.
In some pets, they can take the correct vertical position at 3 weeks of age, in others, this process takes up to 3-4 months.
During this period, the dog is in great need of calcium and other mineral supplements. there is an active growth of the skeletal system, strengthening of cartilage and joints, change of milk teeth.
If the pet’s ears have not risen until 5 months, then this is unlikely to happen, because at this age the pet’s skeleton is already almost formed. There are also situations where one ear is standing and the other is not, and a number of special procedures are required for setting.
How to put the ears of a Yorkie at home
If the ear has fallen, it can be glued with special glue or tape. With glue, you can glue the tips of the auricles so that their inner side is turned forward, and leave them in this position for 2 weeks. The glue is easily washed off, harmless to the animal. A tissue-based medical plaster is also used, it is less traumatic for the pet’s skin.
- Frame. Making a frame that fits over the ears and prevents them from drooping. 2 frames are attached to the base of the auricles and glued together.
- “Tube”. First, the hair is sheared, then each ear is twisted into a tube and sealed with a plaster. At the same time, the auditory canal should remain open. The rolled up tubes rise vertically and are fastened together at a short distance. After 7 days, you can remove the patch and see the result. If the ears have not taken an upright position, the procedure must be repeated.
- “Addition”. A method similar to the previous one, with the difference that the auricle simply folds in half, and does not twist.
- “Cotton swab”. For this method, the wool inside the auricle is first shaved off, the surface is cleaned, then a strip of plaster is glued to it. A cotton swab without balls of cotton is glued to the plaster, and another piece of plaster is glued on top of it.
The best option is the method with a cotton swab or other design, in which the cartilage does not twist or fold. With this method, the skin does not sweat and does not melt, the dog has no discomfort, there is no risk of disrupting the blood circulation of the cartilage.
What you need to do to get your ears up
Choosing the correct way to set your ears, you can give preference to daily massage. By improving blood circulation and increased blood flow, it is possible to achieve the correct setting of the auricles.
The massage is done very carefully so as not to injure the pet.
After consulting your veterinarian, you can give ear gelatin.
Veterinarians advise to monitor the growth and development of the puppy.
Knowing when the ears of the Yorkie should get up, you need to give him during this period vitamin and mineral supplements containing calcium, fluoride, vitamins A, B, D.
During the period of changing teeth, sometimes it is necessary to glue the ears of the pet, because they can sag even if they have already taken a vertical position before. It is necessary to ensure that the cartilage is formed evenly, without creases, because at a later age, this defect can no longer be corrected. Puppies need to glue ear cartilage no earlier than 4 months, leaving the patch for 3-7 days.
What to feed from 2 months?
At two months old, the puppy’s digestion and immunity are already strong enough to expand the diet. From this time on, by-products are permissible. liver, lung. But with such products you need to be very careful. Chicken necks are easier to swallow, and therefore the puppy may not even chew them, but he will gnaw the chicken backs. A scar is acceptable, but in small quantities.
From two months, the feeding scheme is reduced to 3-4 per day, but the portions should be larger. The daily amount of food is almost equal to the volume that an adult dog of a given size and breed should have. Male puppies start eating slightly more than female puppies.
To make digestion softer and more delicate, from this age it is permissible to add chopped greens to food. Avoid herbs with a strong, pronounced smell, such as cilantro. From three months, the puppy switches to a full adult diet.
Nutrition after 1 month
The first solid food for a baby-puppy should be cottage cheese, the fat content of which does not exceed 9%. It is useful to add a raw egg to it, or rather, the yolk. With the number of eggs, it is important not to get excited. give no more than 1 egg per 200 grams of the total daily food intake. Also, from a month you can offer the puppy beef and veal. boiled, mashed in minced puree.
From five weeks old, puppies are already quite autonomous, many breeders at this age give puppies into the wrong hands, and someone acquires dogs at this age. Now meat is very important for the pet. protein is necessary for the growth of muscles and tissues. Other varieties can be added to veal and beef, but a large amount of animal fat should be avoided, and therefore you should not experiment with pork, and you should definitely remove fat from chicken. You can gradually start giving raw minced meat. Milk is replaced by fermented milk products, for example, low-fat kefir or fermented baked milk.
If you plan to feed the puppy with dry food later, you can already take his granules and slightly soak them with milk or water. he cannot gnaw them yet. Gradually, by the age of two months, the baby will begin to eat “drying” without significant difficulties.
What to feed up to 1 month?
There are special mixtures that mimic the composition of the milk of bitches. If the mother cannot feed the puppies or there is not enough milk pathologically, it is worth introducing complementary feeding with such a mixture from a bottle first. Such mixtures are quite expensive, they are not affordable for everyone, and therefore the question arises whether it is possible to choose something else.
Veterinarians consider goat’s milk a worthy substitute and the first supplement. The first time it needs to be slightly diluted with water, then you can give it whole, and after a few days you can add one raw yolk of a quail or chicken egg to the milk.
The earliest age to start the first feeding is 2-3 weeks from birth. The puppy should be taught to solid food from 1 month.
Nutrition for 1.5-2 months
A month and a half is the first serious age at which feeding a puppy turns into independent and complete nutrition. It is important to feed the pet according to the scheme up to 4-5 times a day, but the amount of food in each meal should not be large. the stomach, liver, pancreas and intestines of the baby are not yet ready for serious stress.
In a month and a half, you can enter raw fish into the pet’s diet. But first, offer it the same, but boiled.
Make sure that the puppy does not choke on the bones, feed the fillets, and the fish bones can be used in a meal in a ground form. as bone meal for adding to cottage cheese, porridge.
Closer to 7 weeks of age, the puppy can begin to give vegetables and fruits. The first foods for complementary foods are apples and carrots, lettuce, fresh cucumbers, squash and pumpkin. The share of vegetable fiber should account for about 35% of the total composition of the dog’s diet. Fruits and vegetables are given peeled, carefully chopped, if the dog refuses to eat them, add them to porridge or minced meat.
At 7 weeks, the puppy should receive beef bones. it is desirable to grind them, like fish bones, and the joints and veins can be allowed to chew as a toy and as an excellent teether for milk teeth.
It is quite obvious that the best food for a small dog, as well as for a small human cub, is breast milk. It is rich not only in all the necessary substances, minerals, fats and carbohydrates, it is rich in antibodies. maternal immunity helps to protect offspring from dangerous diseases and numerous threats of the big world. By the age of 2 months they do not need breast milk.
This does not mean at all that you need to wait until the puppies themselves want to eat something else, since milk for the growing offspring will soon cease to be enough. Therefore, already from the third week after birth, the puppy is given complementary foods.
To understand what the very first complementary food should be, it is necessary to take into account the imperfection of lipid metabolism in puppies and the fat content of the bitch’s milk. Usually it is in the range from 7 to 10%, and it is this fat content that should be those products that you offer as complementary foods to your pets. Only if this rule is observed, the puppy will not develop health problems.
Another rule of the first supplement says that you should not impose nutrition on the puppies from the outside if they sleep almost all the time and are gaining weight normally. Only when it is obvious that the puppies are undernourished, they are restless, whine, sleep little, should you think about introducing supplementary feeding.
Puppy feeding rules
A puppy is an amazing little friend, a complete family member, and a relationship requires it. If your dog has brought puppies or you have taken a very small puppy to your family, sooner or later the question will arise when, with what, how and in what quantity it can be supplemented.
In order for your dog to grow up healthy, it is imperative to train your puppy to eat fresh vegetables and fruits. If this is not done in a favorable period of childhood, it will be difficult for an adult dog to teach how to eat apples or carrots, and plant protein and fiber, like vitamins, are very necessary for a pet of any age, sex and breed.
Any food you introduce into your puppy’s diet should start with a small amount. Do not introduce more than one new product per day, so that in case of an inadequate reaction to it, you can easily understand what exactly the puppy does not digest or what he is allergic to.
Do not think that allergies are a purely human problem. Dog immunity works in a similar way and can perceive a new substance as an antigen. Allergy in a dog is manifested by itching. the puppy begins to itch, worry, eyes can water, possibly a liquid separable from the nasal passages. Having paid attention to such symptoms, stop giving the dubious product and return to it in a couple of weeks. dogs, like human children, may well outgrow children’s allergies on their own, and in the future they will not have nutritional problems.
To help keep your puppy’s weak digestive system safe, feed them warm but not hot. Cold food is also much less digestible and requires more energy from the body and enzymes.
If you decide to feed your dog natural food, be sure to talk to your veterinarian about what vitamins you can give in addition. Even with a correctly and competently composed complementary food, it is difficult to provide a pet with all the necessary elements and substances.
If you feed with dry food, there is no need for additional intake of vitamin preparations, since an overdose can lead to hypervitaminosis, no less dangerous than a vitamin deficiency for a growing animal body.
For the first feeding of 3 week old Yokshire terrier puppies, see below.
Rules to help you choose a good Yorkshire Terrier puppy
Acquiring a pet is an important step, especially if you are planning to have a purebred dog. How to choose a Yorkshire terrier puppy?
How does gender affect the character of a pet? At what age is it better to bring him home? What are the criteria for evaluating appearance and temperament? We will analyze all these questions in this material.
The behavior of the baby upon meeting speaks both of his character and of his health. Yorkies are naturally good-natured, inquisitive and active. Alert if the puppy huddled in a corner or shows aggression when trying to pick him up, this is a signal of the presence of the disease.
The rest of the character can be determined using tests:
- Take the baby in your arms, stroke and lower. Start walking away slowly. A playful and active dog will run after you. A bully, prone to aggression will begin to bite on the legs. The shy one will follow you slowly, looking closely. The coward will start to hide, increase the distance.
- Get to know the puppy, then gently roll him over onto his back, hold him with your palm for 30 seconds. The dog began to break free and bite. he can be angry. The calm one will try to change the position, but feeling that he is safe, he will remain lying. The cowardly baby will shrink into a ball, the shy one will not make attempts to change the situation.
Whom to choose: a boy or a girl?
Going to the breeder, you should already understand what gender of the baby you want. Here the question arises: “Yorkshire Terrier boy or girl: who to choose?”.
- There will be no period of heat, which is characterized by secretions, stained linen, carpets, respectively.
- If the baby has a good pedigree, champion titles, he can be mated. This is a small but pleasant addition to the budget without any extra costs. On the other hand, he will need such a “procedure” about once every 3 months, otherwise he will begin to resolve the partner’s issue on his own.
- Males are more agile and playful. A good choice if you are looking for an active dog.
- By nature, boys mark their territory more, so it is more difficult to cultivate the habit of doing this only on the street than girls.
- Males are more stubborn, cocky, often get into fights.
As for the girls, they are more affectionate and calm, cautious (they are unlikely to run after the boy they like across the road). But with them we will have to solve the issue of leaks. Either you spay the dog or breed the puppies. At the same time, you should understand that estrus occurs 1-2 times a year, lasts about a month. During this period, discharge is observed, the dog can be aggressive or, conversely, too affectionate (hormonal background changes). Her contact with other animals will have to be limited. Taking home a girl, be prepared for the fact that you will have to help her with childbirth and raising puppies, a period of rehabilitation. It takes time and patience.
If you decide to breed offspring, then we have a useful article for you, it describes in detail all stages of a Yorkie’s pregnancy. Read here.
When purchasing a purebred dog, you must provide the required documents. Among them:
- Veterinary passport with the stamp of the clinic, a mark of the first vaccination.
- Puppy card, it contains information about the parents, nickname, breed, the results of the examination of the baby by the kennel dog handler (it is carried out one and a half months after birth), data on branding.
How to tell if a breeder is conscientious?
When buying a dog, the conscientiousness of the seller is an important factor. The purity of the breed, the conditions of detention, the health of the kids depend on it. When communicating with him, you should feel love for animals.
- Show you the kennel, conditions of keeping dogs.
- Answer your questions openly and in detail, do not be afraid of long conversations.
- Do not use puppy sniffing techniques.
- Introduce at least one parent, give detailed information about mom and dad, submit documents for them and babies.
- Sell dogs only over two months old.
- Give detailed instructions on feeding and caring for the pet.
- Clarify the purpose of your purchase, in what conditions the baby will live, whether you can provide him with proper care.
- Leave your phone number in case you have any questions.
How to choose a Yorkshire Terrier puppy by appearance?
The appearance of a baby is not only a criterion by which you like or dislike him, it is an indicator of physical health, his development and the possibility of participating in exhibitions. The following indicators are important:
- The coat is smooth, soft and shiny. Its color is dark with golden tan.
- It grows evenly, there are no bald spots or areas where the coat sticks together (check the belly and armpits).
- Nose, like any dog, cold and wet.
- The eyes are dark, the iris has a uniform color (no white spots).
- The inner side of the ear is smooth, pink, no crusting or heavy discharge.
- Examine the mouth: the bite is correct, the gums are pink. Their pallor indicates impaired blood circulation. There should be no unpleasant smell.
- In dogs older than three months, the fontanelle should be completely closed.
- The skin on the abdomen is soft and uniform in color. No wounds or spots.
- The back is straight (checked when the puppy is standing).
The brand speaks of the animal’s belonging to the breed, genus, place of origin and age. A tattoo is done once, in the first 45 days after birth and remains for life. The procedure is carried out with local anesthesia, so the puppy does not suffer.
The real mark is a letter and number code, for example EXL1735. It is entered in the documents of the dog, according to it you can always find out information about the nursery or the owner of the animal. Unfortunately, in Russia there is still no unified registration database in the public domain, so if you find a dog with a brand, you will have to contact the canine service.
What types of vaccines for dogs are there
There are different types of complex vaccines for dogs that include several infections at once. There are also monovaccines in European countries, but the use of such vaccines significantly increases the vaccination time, for example, every two weeks we are vaccinated against a certain virus.
The most common vaccines include:
- Vaccine against plague of carnivores and parvovirus enteritis (DP), used to vaccinate puppies from 6 weeks of age.
- Vaccine against plague of carnivores, parvovirus enteritis and viral hepatitis (DHP), this vaccine is used from 8 weeks of age.
- Vaccine against plague of carnivores, parvovirus enteritis, viral hepatitis and parainfluenza (DHPPi). Also applicable from 8 weeks of age.
- Leptospirosis vaccine. May be given as a monovaccine (Lepto, L4) that protects against two or four types of leptospirosis.
- Leptospirosis can also be part of the rabies combination vaccine (RL).
- Rabies vaccine is available as a single vaccine (R) or in combination with leptospirosis (RL).
- Some vaccines also include canine coronavirus gastroenteritis (CV).
- Some manufacturers produce an intranasal vaccine to prevent respiratory infections in dogs (parainfluenza and bordetellosis) (CS).
Basic vaccination should include vaccination against the most dangerous infections: plague of carnivores, parvovirus enteritis, viral hepatitis, leptospirosis and rabies.
Vaccinations for dogs
Why are dogs vaccinated and what vaccinations should I get? For you need to figure out what vaccines are and why they are needed.
Vaccines are veterinary drugs of biological origin, which contribute to the development of active acquired immunity (immunity) to certain diseases. Simply put, a vaccine is a combination of weakened viruses or bacteria, when introduced into the body of a puppy or an adult dog, antibodies appear, usually without the development of the disease, or the animal “gets sick” in a mild form. In most cases, this process is completely invisible to the owner. As a result, the body acquires protection against these viruses. antibodies (protective proteins) are produced in the body. Antibody production time after vaccination is 2-4 weeks.
Dog vaccination schedule
There is the following recommended vaccination schedule according to the vaccine guidelines, with the exception of rabies vaccination. According to the Veterinary Legislation of the Russian Federation, it is necessary to vaccinate animals against rabies once a year.
|Age of first vaccination||Next vaccination|
|8-9 weeks||12 weeks||14-16 weeks|
|6 weeks||DP||DHP (DHPPi) Lepto||DHP (DHPPi) Lepto R||–|
|8-9 weeks||–||DHP (DHPPi) Lepto||DHP (DHPPi) Lepto R||–|
|12 weeks||–||–||DHP (DHPPi) Lepto||DHP (DHPPi) Lepto R|
|Revaccination||1 year DHP (DHPPi) Lepto R, then annually|
|D. plague of carnivores |
P. parvovirus enteritis
H. viral hepatitis in dogs
The vaccination schedule for each specific animal is determined by the veterinarian.
According to this scheme, a puppy under one year old can be vaccinated in two or three stages, depending on the age at which the first vaccination was carried out.
If the puppy is kept in the nursery, the animal is given to new owners at the age of up to 2 months, or it is not possible to isolate the puppy from contact with other animals, then it is recommended to start vaccination at 6 weeks of age and carry out in 3 stages: at 6 weeks, at 8.9 weeks and 12 weeks. Then at the age of 1 year or a year later, depending on the type of vaccine, and then annually.
If the puppy is taken at the age of 8 weeks, and the owners have the opportunity to withstand quarantine for up to 12-16 weeks, then vaccination can begin at 8-9 weeks and be carried out in two stages: at 8-9 weeks and at 12 weeks. Then at the age of 1 year or a year later, depending on the type of vaccine, then annually.
Dogs with an unknown vaccination history, regardless of age, are vaccinated twice with an interval of 3-4 weeks. Then vaccination is carried out after a year.
Adult dogs are vaccinated annually throughout their lives.
In countries with an unfavorable epidemiological situation for rabies, as, for example, in Russia, all animals older than 3 months are obligatory annually vaccinated against rabies. In areas of the country where rabies cases are registered, vaccinations against this disease can be carried out from 2 months of age.
What do dogs need to be vaccinated against?
The main infections from which you need to vaccinate your pets are:
D. plague of carnivores, a viral infection, especially dangerous for puppies, but dogs of any age can get sick. It manifests itself in various forms, the most dangerous is the nervous form.
R. parvovirus enteritis, intestinal viral infection, puppies are most susceptible to disease, mortality up to 90%.
H. viral hepatitis of dogs, an acute infectious disease, which is most susceptible to puppies and young animals under the age of 3 years.
Pi. parainfluenza, acute respiratory infection, most commonly affected by puppies and young dogs.
Lepto. leptospirosis, an acute infectious disease infectious to humans and other animals.
R (Rabies). rabies, a deadly viral infection, contagious to humans and other animals.
At what age should puppies be vaccinated?
Newborn puppies receive antibodies with the first portions of colostrum. This is the so-called passive acquired immunity. The level of maternal antibodies in the blood of puppies gradually decreases, and reaches a minimum level on average by 12 weeks of age. In some puppies, the level of maternal antibodies declines by as early as eight weeks, and in some it remains up to 16 weeks.
If by the time of the first vaccination the level of maternal antibodies is still high, it will neutralize the viruses that have entered the body, but the puppy will not develop its own antibodies. Since it is impossible to understand what level of maternal antibodies is present in the puppy’s body at the time of the vaccination, the vaccination procedure is repeated. With repeated administration, the level of maternal antibodies is significantly reduced, and the puppy’s body begins to produce its own antibodies.
The age at which puppies are vaccinated depends on several factors:
- Age at which the puppy will be given to new owners.
If the puppy is given at an early age, at 1-1.5 months, then you can start vaccinating it from 6 weeks of age. If the puppy is given at the age of 2 months or older, the standard vaccination schedule is usually carried out. at 8 and 12 weeks.
- Conditions of keeping the animal.
For example, a kennel with a large number of animals or an apartment where the puppy will be the only pet and will not be in contact with other animals, a country house, and so on.
How to prepare an animal for vaccination
Vaccination is carried out to a healthy animal. this is the main condition for the formation of stable immunity. The health of the animal can be affected by:
- Where the dog is kept (apartment, kennel, aviary or outdoor).
- Presence of contact with other animals (nursery, other animals at home, a large number of stray animals on the street).
Food. During the period of active growth and development of a puppy, proper nutrition is important for its health; lack of nutrients in the diet can significantly affect its health.
The presence of parasites (worms, fleas, ticks).
Postponed diseases and operations. Vaccinations are not given to dogs that have had surgery. Anesthesia also weakens the body’s defenses. Therefore, the interval between surgery and vaccination should be at least 3 weeks. For the same reason, sick, weakened animals are not vaccinated. After complete recovery, at least 2-3 weeks should pass.
Physiological condition (pregnancy).
Taking medicines. If your pet is taking any medications, such as antibiotics, you should consult your doctor. He will tell you whether it is permissible to vaccinate while taking the drug, or it is necessary to maintain a certain interval after taking.
Before vaccination, the animal is treated for worms, sometimes several times. The presence of helminths in the dog’s body weakens the immune system, increases the risk of allergic reactions and prevents the formation of strong immunity. Puppies can be infected in utero from the mother, therefore, dogs should also be treated for worms before mating.
York puppies per month photo
York puppy 1 month old, photo from Stinger kennel.
Photo of a york puppy at 1.5 months old, photo of Stinger kennel.
York puppies photo 6 months
Within 6-7 months, the puppy’s teeth change ends, and within 7-8 months the Yorkshire Terrier grows a little more in height (due to the growth of legs).
York puppy at 4 months old photo
At the age of 5-6 months, Yorkshire Terrier babies are actively growing in length.
York puppies. photo at 1-6 months, video and price
Among small dog breeds, the Yorkshire Terrier is one of the most famous and popular. These crumbs are ideal for keeping in a small apartment, where a large dog simply will not have enough free space. Probably you have already looked closely at this breed and now you want to see what Yorkie puppies look like. the photos selected by us will help in this best of all.
Yorkie Puppy Growing Up: 2 Months to a Year
York puppy in 4 months photo
At the age of about four months, a chest is formed in a Yorkie puppy, the change of milk teeth to permanent ones begins.
York puppies growth stages photo
Below we have not only collected photos of babies of different ages, but described the stages of growth of York puppies. For example, you will find out at what age the ears of Yorkshire terriers become erect when the milk teeth change to permanent ones, at what age the puppy reaches the size of an adult dog, and more.
York puppies in 3 months photo
Yorkshire terrier puppy in 3 months photo.
York puppies at 3 months old, photo from Stinger kennel.
Upon reaching 3 months of age, most Yorkshire Terrier puppies already have their ears raised (take a standing position), but in some lines this happens much later.