Veterinarian advice on sterilization
If your pet is too small or, conversely, has already reached 6 years of age, it is better to consult an experienced veterinarian for advice.
What is sterilization?
If in the first case, the operation is done deep, then in the case of males it is carried out on the surface, therefore it is easier for animals to transfer.
Sterilization is best done if you do not want to breed kittens.
As practice shows, a cat can kitten up to four times a year. If the owners do not let the animal out into the street and do not want to breed, then sterilization can be carried out. This procedure is an abdominal operation, during which the genitals are completely or partially removed.
Sterilization of cats
As mentioned above, the optimal age for this procedure in cats is from 8 months to 1 year. Of course, it can be done later if the owners did not have time, but in this case it is better not to delay and carry out the operation for up to 2 years. As for cats, it is recommended to castrate them in the period from 10 months to 1.5-2 years. But the owners should understand that the earlier they go to the veterinary clinic, the safer the operation will be for the health of the animal.
Veterinarians recommend taking all the necessary tests from the pet before sterilization.
In veterinary practice, there are cases when the owners treat five-year-old pets. In this situation, it is necessary to take appropriate tests from an adult animal, which will tell about the state of its health. If everything is in order, then the operation is successful.
Cons of the operation
For the procedure, it is necessary to measure the weight of the cat and select the optimal dose of sleeping pills for the pet.
There are some downsides to neutering cats:
The danger of anesthesia. The operation is performed under strong anesthesia, but, as a rule, the risk in this case is minimal. Animals are easily removed from it. Before the procedure, the weight of the pet is measured, after which the optimal dose of sleeping pills is administered.
The cat is anesthetized in preparation for the neutering operation.
Neutering a cat is stress not only for the pet, but also for the owner.
In place after the operation, the cat remains a small trace. It takes 10-14 days to heal. Sterilization is carried out strictly under anesthesia, so the animal does not feel anything. After the procedure, the cat is relieved of anesthesia. The complete recovery of a pet takes on average 1-2 days, depending on its weight and breed.
Sterilized cats feel great after a few days. The operation has a beneficial effect on their psycho-emotional state, they become kind, obedient, benevolent, while they do not forget about everyday games. The owners will be happy to see their kitty in a good mood, enjoy her mobility and carelessness.
At what age can a cat be spayed: up to what age, advice from veterinarians, when is it better to have surgery
For more than a decade, veterinarians have practiced such a procedure as spaying a cat. Some owners deny it, as they believe that the animal must necessarily leave offspring. In fact, there is nothing wrong with it, because the latest drugs and professional surgical techniques are used, so you can not worry about the health of the animal. In addition, this procedure will protect your pet from various diseases and prolong its life.
What is the best age to spay a cat?
If your cat has reached 8 months of age, it can already be sterilized.
If you decide to spay a cat, then you should know that this procedure is performed when the animal has already formed the reproductive system. In order not to harm her. As a rule, the owner understands when the animal can already be taken to the veterinarian. The common people say that the cat “walks”.
If your cat is not yet showing signs of sexual desire, it’s okay. you can have surgery. The main thing is to do it before the animal begins its first estrus.
Cat neutering is divided into several types:
- Complete removal of the ovaries and uterus. ovariohysterectomy.
- Tug of the fallopian tubes. tubal occlusion.
- Removal of only the ovaries. ovarioetomy.
- Removal of only the uterus. hysterectomy.
In our country, the surgical method is mainly widespread, during which the genitals of a cat are removed under anesthesia. Hosts can consult a veterinarian about the features, pros and cons of each type of surgery.
The main advantages of spaying a cat
One of the consequences of neutering is changing the cat’s behavior. it becomes more obedient and affectionate.
Of course, some owners are very worried when deciding to perform surgery on a cat or not. The procedure is quite serious, especially since the owners take responsibility for depriving the cat of offspring in the future. But on the other hand, animals constantly walking expose themselves to various dangers, both from various diseases and accidents.
- Has a beneficial effect on the psyche of a kitty.
- Increases life expectancy.
- The animal in the future will not develop such dangerous diseases as polycystic disease, pyometra, cancers, etc., which ordinary cats are susceptible to.
- The cat becomes completely domestic and calm.
If your kitten has already grown up, and you notice that the cat has become aggressive, excited, then while there is time, think about the operation. Sterilization will improve the quality of life for her and you.
At what age to neuter a cat
Sterilization can be carried out in this case 7-10 days after the end of the mating season. A qualified veterinarian must take into account all the parameters of the animal. the state of development, health indicators, the presence of vaccinations to determine the age at which sterilization can be done. Like any other surgical intervention, the castration of animals has a number of its positive and negative sides.
After the operation, the cat becomes more domestic and attached to the owner, sociable with people and is not subject to sexual instincts in order to escape from home. In addition, the risk of developing various diseases is reduced. An indisputable fact is that after sterilization, the animal becomes a long-liver by reducing the risk of inflammatory processes in the uterus and appendages.
In addition to the pros, there are also disadvantages. These include changes in metabolic processes in the body, and the risk of obesity also increases. The consequences of an improperly selected diet after sterilization are:
- Allergic reactions;
- Diseases of the cardiovascular system;
- Kidney disease (urolithiasis).
Those experts who believe that surgery to remove reproductive organs is too early, argue that sterilization is desirable after the first estrus. Each organism is individual, and can react differently to serious changes. So, the consequences of sterilization in cats are a purulent or weeping suture. In such cases, it is important to ensure proper care of the postoperative suture, preventing the cat from licking the damaged area. Special blankets and collars are suitable for this.
For several weeks after the surgery, the cat may show signs of sexual desire. After the sex hormones cease to flow into the bloodstream, the state of the body stabilizes. It is very important to wait out this period and not give the cat special medications.
Other consequences of the operation are:
- Increased sleepiness;
- Lack of desire to eat.
Best age to neuter a cat: the pros and cons of periods
Surgery to remove the reproductive organs of females is called sterilization. As a result of such an operation, the cat’s sexual desire disappears and the ability to reproduce offspring is lost. The age for neutering cats is of great importance, since this will depend on the further state of health and possible complications.
Some doctors argue that sterilization before puberty will help prevent possible disturbances in the body’s work. The optimal age for such sterilization is from 3 months to six months. The organs are quite well developed at this age, which allows a specialist to carry out manipulations without any problems.
The appearance of uncontrollable behavior and unexpected conditions of the cat is possible. The fact is that the development of the reproductive sphere is closely intertwined with the work of the hypothalamus, which is responsible for the behavior of the animal.
There is another argument in favor of early sterilization. a decrease in the risk of postoperative complications. sutures and wound surfaces regenerate faster.
For the owners’ information, early neutering of a cat has a beneficial effect not only on the overall health of the animal, but also on external parameters. Thus, spayed cats before their first estrus tend to form stronger and stronger muscular skeletons. In addition, the limbs are significantly lengthened.In early sterilization, there is a risk of developing pathological conditions in the endocrine system, the performance of the renal structures decreases, and a violation in the retina of the eye can often occur.
Sterilization of adult cats
Sterilization is desirable for cats under 8 months of age. But it also happens that at a fairly adult age it is necessary to carry out manipulation. When an adult cat is sterilized, behavior is corrected, the risk of developing diseases of dangerous diseases, cystic neoplasms is reduced. In addition, pregnancy and childbirth in an older cat can cause complications. So, the birth process can end fatally for a cat.
The main danger that exists during sterilization of adult cats is the reaction of the animal to the introduction of narcotic substances. Before carrying out an operation, a thorough diagnosis is necessary. a complete blood count, ultrasound examination, checking the state of the heart muscle.
Why and when is it better to do sterilization
For many years there has been a dispute between veterinarians about the need for sterilization and when it is best to do the manipulation. There is no definite answer to this question. So, some are inclined to argue that castration (sterilization) is necessary when puberty has not come. Others believe that the operation should be performed no earlier than 9-12 months from birth.
Sooner or later, the owners of a fluffy beauty are faced with estrus and an irresistible desire of a cat to meet a cat. In most cases, the owners do not consult with specialists, but go to the veterinary kiosk and purchase medications to stop the night screams and the pet’s agitation.
This approach threatens with serious consequences, since the wrong dosage of the drug, as well as the age of the cat, the characteristics of the animal’s body are not taken into account. In addition, when taking hormonal drugs, the cat’s health can be severely affected and cause complications.
The most negative consequences arising from such self-medication are:
- Malignant neoplasms in the area of the pelvic organs;
- Cystic changes;
- Disorders of the body systems.
It is important to understand for yourself that in the absence of a desire to receive offspring from the cat in the future, it is necessary to neuter the animal. This will avoid the consequences by choosing the right moment. Do not indulge yourself in the hope that sterilization is an absolutely harmless intervention. But with the right approach and highly qualified veterinary specialist, the consequences can be easily avoided.
If all the rules are followed, the likelihood of complications after sterilization is reduced to 0.3% of cases and the cat’s body is fully restored after 7-10 days. The manipulation of the cat, which is at puberty, will allow the animal to become more tame, domestic and to some extent lazy.
That is why, it is important to provide proper care and diet for your pet in order to avoid such consequences as obesity from overeating, disruption of the cardiovascular system against the background of obesity and insufficient physical activity.
Best age to sterilize
Puberty in cats is different from other pets. When a cat reaches the age of 6-9 months, it is considered fully mature and can produce viable offspring.
In some breeds of cats, due to the characteristics of the organism, sexual maturity occurs somewhat earlier. at the age of 4.5. 6 months. This period is characterized by an active release into the bloodstream of hormonal substances such as sexual. estrogen (produced by the ovaries).Pod action of a specific hormone, there is such a state that the cat brings concern to the owner. begins to scream hysterically and require a male trying to run away from home.
Depending on the breed and temperament of the animal, the period of increased activity ranges from 2-3 days to 2 weeks. The period is marked by the fact that all organs of the reproductive system are actively preparing for the normal process of conception and further bearing of attached embryos. If the cat does not happen, then another hormone begins to be produced in the body. progesterone, which is responsible for reducing heat.
Often, pet owners resort to the use of various pills and drops that limit the release of hormones in the body, thereby preventing the onset of estrus. In the future, such pathological conditions as endometritis, pyometritis, cystic hyperplasia of the walls of the uterus, cystic formations on the ovaries arise. You can protect your cat by timely sterilization.
The best age for sterilization is before the first heat. This is the age when the kitten has already reached puberty, but the reproduction process has not yet started. In most cases, the average age at which it is best to sterilize is 6-9 months. It is important to remember that if a cat is already in heat, it is necessary to try to prevent conception.
Neutering cats after 12 months
A number of veterinarians and scientists tend to argue that before carrying out the sterilization procedure, it is necessary to wait until the animal reaches the age of 12 months. They associate this with the fact that the cat’s body will become significantly stronger by this period, the systems will stabilize and the operation will not be a big shock for the animal.
But before you judge when to sterilize is best, you need to pay attention to the statistics. So, the risk of developing cancerous tumors in the mammary glands increases over time.
- In animals sterilized before the first estrus, the risk of oncology is about 0.5%.
- After the first birth. 8%.
- The risk of cancerous tumors after a second birth rises to 25%.
- In cats over 3 years old, sterilization does not give any guarantee that oncology will not occur.
Features of sterilization of British and Scottish breeds
Experts recommend spaying British and Scottish cats at the age of 8 to 12 months. This is due to the fact that at this age the animal reaches puberty, and the body is sufficiently developed to withstand the operation normally and undergo anesthesia.
In addition, British and Scottish women mature a little later than their relatives, but sterilization in the early period avoids the psychological factor. After removal of the uterus and appendages, cats may begin to show signs of sexual heat. This is due to the fact that after removal of the genitals, the pituitary gland can completely take over the function of producing hormones. Therefore, in case of untimely sterilization, the owner may not get rid of the cat’s annoying behavior.
Particular attention should be paid to the nutrition of these breeds. They have a predisposition to a lot of weight gain, and after surgery, obesity in these cats sets in very quickly. energy.
When purchasing a kitten or an adult, the owner must determine a goal for himself. The cat can be purchased for further breeding and obtaining offspring. In such cases, you need to understand the responsibility for the fate of the kittens when they are born and grow up.
In another case, a cat is acquired simply in order to become a faithful friend and pet, and the expectation of a litter is not included in the plans. It is recommended to immediately make sure that the cat is exactly sterilized, because using medications and contraceptives for animals, the owner condemns the animal to torment and suffering. Often, a consequence of the use of drugs that reduce sexual desire is the development of dangerous diseases and death.
At what age and how to feed puppies
The offspring of dogs are born helpless. Puppies are born blind, deaf, toothless. At first, they cannot do without their mother as the main source of nutrition and development. During the period of adaptation to life outside the womb, the mother continues to provide the offspring with warmth and feeding. And when can the puppies get acquainted with regular food? At what age can complementary foods be introduced to them, and how to do it correctly?
About starting feeding for puppies
The first week of life for newborn puppies is very important in terms of adaptation. It also happens that the weakest of them, especially with a large litter, die during this period. The law of nature is the survival of the fittest. In any case, for the first 7-10 days, young pets feed only on mother’s milk. They suck it about 9-12 times a day. Eating alternates with sleep. Over time, the number of suckers decreases, but the single portions of breast milk that the puppies absorb increases. By the end of the first month of life, they suck their mother 4-5 times a day. If she eats well, fully, then her offspring really grows before our eyes. But sometimes young pets do not have enough mother’s milk. And a signal about this to the owner can serve as restless behavior, whining of puppies, fingering of the mother’s nipples. Such signs are most likely evidence of a slowdown in daily weight gain, the need for supplementation. In most cases, this happens with a large litter (6-8 puppies). Breeders call this phenomenon insufficient milk production. In this case, it is recommended to feed the dog with milk mixture already from the 12th day of life, not earlier! Usually, supplementary feeding is carried out with cow’s milk, warmed up to 30 degrees, with the addition of powder (a tablespoon per glass). The best feeding option would be goat’s milk, you can also use sheep’s milk. In their composition, they are much closer to the canine than the cow.
Some breeders recommend that in case of a lack of mother’s milk, puppies up to a month old make a mixture of a liter of cow and two chicken yolks. This milkshake will satisfy the energy needs of growing organisms.
How exactly should a puppy be given such a supplement? For this, a bottle with a nipple is used. Indeed, at an early age, dogs still do not know how to lap from a saucer. The opening in the nipple should be small. It needs to be done not in the middle, but on the side. When feeding from a bottle, the puppy must be supported under the chest with the palm of the hand so that it can lean with its hind legs. It is necessary to feed young offspring with a lack of breast milk every three hours. If the bitch’s milk is enough for them, then it is enough to feed them twice a day at the age of 1 month, so that the puppy gradually switches to regular food.
What and how to give to puppies after one month of age
After the dogs are one month old, they can already be offered thin semolina, cooked in milk. This dish should already be poured into a bowl and taught to lap on its own. If the puppy does not understand how to act, then first moisten your finger in the porridge and let the puppy lick it, then gently poke it into the bowl with your muzzle.
Then you can expand the milk supply by adding a little white loaf to the warm milk. After semolina in milk, you can cook other cereals. buckwheat, rice, corn. At first, it is advisable to grind cereals on a coffee grinder. When the puppy is older, after three months, you can cook porridge without chopping. The criterion for the nutritional value of young dogs is good weight gain.
It is recommended to introduce cottage cheese into their diet after one and a half months. As for meat, it should be lean, raw, after preliminary freezing. Any new product should be introduced into the puppy’s diet little by little, gradually increasing its portions.
After feeding, the puppies are fed to the mother, if they are not yet separated. After all, mother’s milk, no matter how diligently and correctly you feed the puppies, remains the most useful food for them. They suck with great pleasure.
Veterinarians advise giving mineral fertilizing as a means of preventing rickets from three weeks of age to eight months.
If the dog is separated from its mother at an early age, then up to two months it needs to be fed 6 times a day, up to three. 5 times. The obligatory components of the diet of young pets who are separated from their mother should be meat, cereals, cottage cheese, yolk, butter and vegetable oil. The owner should monitor the reaction of the puppy’s stomach to new products, notice the pet’s taste preferences.
Our specialists. Options for neutering a cat at home
PS A dropper and administration of hyperimmune sera completely normalizes the animal’s condition and protects it from infectious diseases for 2 weeks.
Recommended age for cat castration
Here a small miracle was born, and many owners immediately ask themselves the question. at what age can a cat be castrated? We are often called at the clinic and asked:
Question: “Our cat gave birth to kittens a week ago, out of 6 kittens, 3 are boys. We would like to castrate them. When can I come to the veterinary clinic for an operation? “
Answer: Dear owners. The earliest age when you can castrate cats is 6 months. Before this period, castration is unacceptable for the following reasons:
The complete formation of organs and systems of the body ends in one year, but physiologically the body is already formed by 6 months.
Earlier this period, the operation is not performed, since the consequences of castration of cats will be deplorable: the urethra of the cat is not yet fully formed, and subsequently the development of urolithiasis is possible (Urolithiasis).
The testes can still be in the abdominal cavity or in the inguinal ring, which makes it impossible to carry out castration in a standard way.
Neutering cats. Laparoscopy
At the age of 7-9 months, kittens become sexually mature and, therefore, ready to breed. Most cat owners have neither the time nor the desire to breed kittens and, therefore, many resort to such an operation as sterilization of cats or its cavityless form. laparoscopy.
Sterilization (castration) of a cat is depriving an animal of the opportunity to reproduce through surgery.
Tubal ligation is currently an unpopular way to sterilize cats, since estrus persists, the cat continues to attract cats and the risk of uterine inflammation remains high;
Removal of the ovaries (ovariectomy). during such an operation, the doctor removes only the ovaries, leaving the uterus. The cat’s flow stops. The risk of polycystic ovarian disease, breast neoplasms, of course, is reduced, but inflammation of the uterus is still a threat to the cat;
Removal of the ovaries and uterus (ovariohysterectomy) is the most optimal operation from a medical point of view, which not only prevents unwanted pregnancies and eliminates leaks, but also minimizes or eliminates the appearance of inflammation of the uterus, ovaries, breast tumors, etc.
When is the best time to spay a cat
When starting a cat as a pet, the owners should remember about the inevitable process of breeding. For those who are not going to breed kittens, the instinct of the animal will become a real problem and torment. After all, cats during estrus mark their territory, scream, scratch things, become aggressive, their fur deteriorates. And after giving birth, you will also need to think about what to do with the offspring. Therefore, many cat owners decide to sterilize.
When sterilized, the cat loses the ability to reproduce, the ovaries are removed. This process is to help the animal get rid of torment, since constant estrus, which is inevitable without mating and taking hormonal drugs, leads to inflammatory diseases of the cat’s genitals.
Sterilization of a cat from what age can be done. Neutering cats
Neutering the cat. A surgical operation that veterinarians around the world have been successfully performing for many years. The methods used by different doctors may differ, but the essence is the same: during the operation, the reproductive organs are removed, which helps to reduce the hormonal background and the cessation of the reproductive functions of the body.
The question of neutering a domestic cat sooner or later arises before every owner. With the onset of puberty, a cat is able to turn a quiet house into a real hell, and bring the owner to white heat with her endless purrs and loud concerts at night. Such an active vocalization is not due to the fact that your pet has deteriorated in character, and not by her desire to prevent you from rest. Simply in this way, she informs her relatives that she is ready for mating, and calls the cat “on a date.” This is the nature of the cat. Her wild ancestors have shaped this type of behavior for centuries, and she simply obeys ancient instincts.
But what to do if there is no cat nearby, and the owner has no desire to happen to his pet and then engage in adding kittens? A mutually beneficial solution is to sterilize the cat. After the operation, the production of female sex hormones (estrogens) stops for about a month, the hormonal background decreases, and the cat again turns into a cute harmless pet animal.
With a high degree of probability, sterilization will help and relieve the cat from excessive aggressiveness. With a decrease in the level of hormones in the blood, character improves, the animal becomes calmer, aggression towards others and the owner decreases or completely disappears.
All cats. Very different. Big and small, belligerent and cute, but all
The term “sterilization” is usually applied to cats (females), and the term “castration”. To cats (males). It is believed that cats are spayed, and cats. Castrate. For ease of communication with the client and veterinarians use the same terminol
At what age can cats be spayed?
Different veterinary clinics may give you different dates for neutering a young cat. Some doctors welcome early castration. from 5 months. Others insist that the body must be fully formed, which means that the cat should be brought in for surgery at the age of 8-12 months.
I believe that it is impractical to operate on very young kittens. They receive the second vaccination at the age of about 3 months, then a stable immunity to infections is formed by 4 months. At this moment, the kitten begins to change milk teeth for permanent ones. It is better to wait out the change of teeth.
It is necessary to choose the time for sterilization on an individual basis, since puberty in cats also occurs at different times. Ideally, if it is possible to carry out the operation when the cat has already grown up and formed (weight about 2.5 kg for most breeds), but before the first estrus.
The timing of the onset of the first estrus in different breeds can be found in a separate article.
Cats mature very quickly by human standards.
Decreases in interspecies aggression
Many people keep more than one cat at home, especially if space permits. In such a situation, it should be borne in mind that cats gravitate towards a solitary lifestyle and can conflict with relatives. Sex hormones only spur the desire to defend their territory. Animal spaying helps establish a calm and even relationship between animals.
Life expectancy increases
You can skip all the other benefits of neutering and focus on the main thing: neutered cats actually live longer than fertile ones. You can argue for a long time about why. But this is a fact. If you are interested in keeping your pet with you as long as possible, sterilization is the place to start.
Laparoscopic sterilization: pros and cons
Laparoscopic sterilization of a cat is possible if the clinic has an endoscopic stand. In this case, manipulator instruments are inserted into the abdominal cavity through small punctures. There will be at least two holes in the abdominal cavity, since a port for a video camera is needed.
The advantages of such an operation:
- Low trauma, healing takes place in a few days;
- Complete sterility.
- As a rule, only the ovaries are removed;
- The abdominal cavity is inflated with carbon dioxide, which creates pressure on the diaphragm and makes breathing difficult;
- The physician must have sufficient experience in performing laparoscopic operations so that the operation time is short enough;
- Laparoscopic sterilization usually costs more than classical sterilization due to the high cost of equipment.
I urge the owners to trust, first of all, not the Internet, but the doctor. Let the doctor operate as he is accustomed to, with a technique that he is fluent in. The rest is not so important.
Sterilization of a cat: what is it, at what age the operation is performed, what are the pros and cons of sterilization
Now, spaying a cat is a routine operation. Most owners no longer have a question. is it worth operating on a kitty. If you do not plan to mate a cat and regularly receive kittens from it, sterilization becomes the best solution.
It’s not even about the exhausting periods of sexual heat for the owner and the animal. It’s about health and longevity. I will say in advance: I am an ardent supporter of neutering cats, but in the article I will definitely mention not only the advantages, but also the disadvantages of the operation.
In an ideal world, spaying a cat is a planned, simple, quick procedure that does not harm the health of a young animal in any way. The cat should easily undergo this operation and, after a short period of rehabilitation, to a full life.
In practice, especially in remote regions of Russia, where veterinary medicine for small domestic animals is just beginning to develop, this is not always the case. A separate article has been written about complications after sterilization.
I want to explain in simple words all the nuances of the operation. Thanks to this information, you independently decide whether to operate your pet and learn how to plan such an event.
100% prevention of pyometra
Frequent “spree” or the use of hormonal drugs to prevent estrus, cause in cats the development of purulent inflammation of the uterus. Chronic endometritis develops into pyometra. a condition in which the cervix is closed, and secretions continue to accumulate inside the organ.
The only treatment for pyometra is surgery, removal of the uterus and ovaries. Although the essence of the operation is the same as for conventional sterilization, animals tolerate it more difficult for obvious reasons:
- Purulent intoxication causes renal failure, especially in older animals;
- The uterus enlarges to unimaginable limits, therefore, the incision on the abdominal wall, which is necessary to remove the organ, also increases;
- After surgery, the cat needs a course of IVs and antibiotics.
If the pyometra is not operated on in a timely manner, it will inevitably lead to death.
Pus-filled uterus with pyometra in a cat
Sterilization is a way to ensure that the development of pyometra is prevented. I always remind owners that it is better to operate on a young and healthy animal than an older cat in serious condition. After all, pyometra can occur not only at 6-8 years old, but also later. at 12-16 years old. The oldest patient with this diagnosis was 19 years old.
How does cat neutering: surgical technique
The most common sterilization method is through a small incision in the midline of the abdomen just below the navel. In the middle of the abdominal wall, the muscles converge into the so-called white line of the abdomen. It has almost no nerve endings and blood vessels. The incision of the abdominal wall along the white line is not accompanied by bleeding. Through this incision, the surgeon gains access to the abdominal organs.
When sterilized, preparing an animal for surgery takes longer than the procedure itself
The uterus and ovaries are removed with a special instrument (castration hook, ligature loop, curved clamp). During ovariohysterectomy, it is necessary to apply three ligatures. the vessels that feed the ovaries and the body of the uterus are ligated. In a well-equipped clinic, electrocautery of blood vessels can be used instead of threads.
The arrow points to the ovary, the surgeon holds the uterine horn
Special electric tweezers “seal” the vessels
Both uterine horns and ovaries are removed, it remains to apply a ligature to the body of the uterus to remove it entirely
After removing the uterus, the surgeon sutures the abdominal wall, and then the subcutaneous tissue and skin.
Cosmetic seam after sterilization. Surgical field treated with Aluminum spray
To sterilize a cat, you must use a high-quality sterile absorbable suture, while the threads should not be too thick.
Some surgeons place removable sutures on the skin after a cat has been neutered, but more and more “cosmetic” sutures are used. A non-removable suture is made with absorbable threads, the skin is joined seam to seam, and all the threads are inside.
Sometimes cats are spayed through an incision in the right side. The choice of surgery technique depends on the personal preference of the doctor.
The main reason cats are spayed more often than dogs is their behavior during estrus. Constant screams, aggression, or, conversely, excessive affection, simply drives the owners crazy. A week of sleepless nights. and after 10 days the nightmare returns until the cat is tied or spayed.
Even if the owners are not confused by the behavior of the pet during estrus, one should take into account the sharp loss of mass in cats during spree. Losing weight is associated not only with high estrogen levels, but also with refusal to eat. Sexual dominance is so strong that a cat cannot exist normally.
Neutering restores the domestic cat to be interested in something other than mating. The cat becomes calm, makes contact with the owners.
Suture after sterilization of the cat 7 days after the operation
Reduces the risk of transmitting deadly infections
The standard vaccination schedule for domestic cats is vaccination against rabies, panleukopenia, rhinotracheitis and calicivirus. Sometimes chlamydia is included in the complex vaccine. But if the cat is not spayed, then during fights and mating, she runs the risk of contracting other, deadly diseases:
- Leukemia (feline viral leukemia);
- Immunodeficiency (VIC).
These viral infections are common among stray cats. Most often they are transmitted through a bite, and during mating, the cat can noticeably bite the partner’s withers.
While communicating with relatives, a cat can also catch less dangerous, but unpleasant diseases, for example, lichen, internal and external parasites (worms, fleas, otodectosis).