Neutering cats: when is the best time to do
So, now you know what the neutering of cats is for. At what age can they have surgery? Let’s find out. A cat’s puberty occurs earlier than physiological. at about 6-8 months. Although, as you understand, this happens individually for each animal, and sexual maturity can come only by the year. Therefore, in order to understand when to spay a young cat, you should consult with your veterinarian.
The most optimal age for spaying a cat, according to many experts, is the period before the onset of the first estrus, i.e. 8 to 12 months old, when it is safest to neuter a young cat. But it is important to keep in mind that the cat must be physiologically formed by the operation, which only the doctor can tell you, who will tell you more precisely when the cat can be spayed.
If your cat is still very young, and she has never been in heat, then, most likely, only the ovaries will be removed during sterilization (oophorectomy), and if your cat is already an adult and even managed to bring offspring, then the cat will be removed and the ovaries, and uterus (ovariohysterectomy). By the way, most specialists are inclined to remove the uterus, tk. over time, in many animals, it begins to become inflamed. There is no need to wait until the cat is in heat for the first time, but before deciding when to spay the cat, it must be fully formed physically.
How to prepare a cat for neutering
Prepare your cat for surgery the day before spaying. Firstly, do not feed the cat 12 hours before the procedure, but first agree with the veterinarian at what time the cat can be spayed, i.e. check the time of the operation. Secondly, prepare all the necessary products with which you will treat the cat’s wound. And, thirdly, before spaying a cat, do a general cleaning in the house so that the cat’s wound is safe, even if the bandage comes off accidentally.
Pros and cons of neutering a cat
Before we talk about what time cats are neutered, let’s discuss the positive and negative aspects of this event. Let’s first list the pros.
- Sterilization, as odd as it sounds to you, is good for your cat’s health. Therefore, to the question “When is it better to sterilize cats“, experts answer: “The sooner the better.” Few people know, but spayed cats are much less likely to develop breast cancer. Sterilization will save your pet from the constant intake of hormones that can lead to diseases of the cat’s genitals. In addition, timely neutering will prevent early birth of the cat, which can also be hazardous to health. And what is important, a spayed cat will not suffer from the discomfort that accompanies estrus. For this reason, you should think about when to sterilize your cat.
- Another plus is that the spayed cat will not run away from home, and you will have peace of mind that your pet will not jump out of the window while you are not at home. After the operation, on the contrary, many cats become calm and even more affectionate. By the way, you can determine the time when you need to spay a cat by its behavior.
- After spaying your cat, you will never have a problem with what to do with her offspring. By the way, this is what many cat owners think about when deciding when it is best to spay a cat.
As you can see, there are many advantages of this procedure, so if you were in doubt about whether to take your pet to the veterinarian before, then it is not too late for you to know when to spay the cat. The age at which this can be done, we will indicate below, and first we will tell you about the disadvantages of the procedure for sterilizing a cat. The main ones include:
- Anesthetic risk during surgery.
- Difficult process of recovery from anesthesia.
- Propensity to obesity as a result of metabolic disorders.
Agree that each of these disadvantages is individual in nature, and such problems can be avoided thanks to a professional approach to the operation and proper care of the cat after it. Obesity can also be avoided. To do this, it will only be necessary to adjust the cat’s nutrition, at least for the period until the hormonal background of her body is restored. A veterinarian can tell you more about this, who will also tell you the age when it is best to neuter the cat.
When is the best time to neuter cats?
The question of when to spay a cat is of interest to many pet owners. After all, we all understand that small kittens very quickly become adult cats that are able to reproduce already in the first year of their life. And when the time of puberty comes, namely the time of estrus, cats begin to mark their territory, scream, scratch, and at night they just take out the brain to their owners. That is why they wonder at what age cats are neutered.
How cats are neutered
Once you’ve decided when to spay your cat, it doesn’t bother you to know how the procedure goes so that you can appreciate the complexity of the operation. It is best done in a veterinary clinic, although you can invite a specialist home. But you must agree that it will be safer for your pet in a hospital.
Normal neutering of a cat requires abdominal surgery. A small incision is made on the cat’s abdomen, then, with the help of hooks, the ovaries and uterus are pulled through it, which are removed with a surgical scalpel. Then the incision is sutured and a bandage is applied to the wound. The operation takes an average of 30 minutes, and immediately afterwards the animal is handed over to the owner. The doctor will remove the bandage only after 10 days. In the meantime, you will have to pay more attention to your pet than before.
As for the operation, here you should be concerned about the question not only of when is the best time to do sterilization, but also of the method of its carrying out. There is another method of sterilizing cats. radiation, in which the cat’s ovaries are exposed to radiation with a certain dose of radiation. This method is painless, but it is considered more dangerous for the animal, because in the future, such radiation may negatively affect the health of the cat in general.
How to care for your cat after surgery
After the procedure, you will immediately bring the cat home, and therefore it will move away from anesthesia in its native walls. Make sure that she does not fall while walking away from anesthesia. After the cat is awake, you can water it, and wait with the cat food for a while. Do not forget about the doctor’s prescriptions. give all medications on time to avoid serious complications after surgery. On the second day after it, you can remove the bandage. this way the wound will heal faster. However, if the cat will often lick it, then it is better to leave the bandage for a while.
When to sterilize a cat
Despite the fact that cat sterilization operations are always successful and do not carry great difficulties, they have some contraindications. For example, you should not operate on an “elderly” animal. At what age it is undesirable to sterilize cats, the doctor will tell you. A cat should not be operated on if it is sick at the moment or has just recently suffered a serious illness. In order to decide when a cat can be spayed, you need to examine it first.
Now you know at what age cats are spayed. Do not miss this moment, so as not to torment your pet in the future and not to suffer yourself. Choose only a trusted veterinary clinic, specify what time cats are neutered so as not to waste time and be sure of the health of your pet.
Those experts who believe that surgery to remove reproductive organs is too early, argue that sterilization is desirable after the first estrus. Each organism is individual, and can react differently to serious changes. So, the consequences of sterilization in cats are a purulent or weeping suture. In such cases, it is important to ensure proper care of the postoperative suture, preventing the cat from licking the damaged area. Special blankets and collars are suitable for this.
For several weeks after surgery, the cat may show signs of sexual desire. After the sex hormones stop flowing into the bloodstream, the state of the body stabilizes. It is very important to wait out this period and not to give the cat special medications.
Taking Kittens to Get Fixed! (Spayed and Neutered!)
Other consequences of the operation are:
- increased sleepiness;
- lack of desire to eat.
Important! If this condition lasts more than 3 days after the operation, you must immediately contact your veterinarian.
At what age to neuter a cat
In this case, sterilization can be carried out 7-10 days after the end of the mating season. A qualified veterinarian must take into account all the parameters of the animal. the state of development, health indicators, the presence of vaccinations to determine the age at which sterilization can be done. Like any other surgical intervention, the castration of animals has a number of its positive and negative sides.
After the operation, the cat becomes more domestic and attached to the owner, sociable with people and is not subject to sexual instincts in order to escape from home. In addition, the risk of developing various diseases is reduced. An indisputable fact is that after sterilization, the animal becomes a long-liver, by reducing the risk of inflammatory processes in the uterus and appendages.
In addition to the pros, there are also downsides. These include changes in metabolic processes in the body, and the risk of obesity also increases. The consequences of an improperly selected diet after sterilization are:
- allergic reactions;
- diseases of the cardiovascular system;
- kidney disease (urolithiasis).
Note! It is not recommended to drastically change the diet and put the cat on a rigid diet after castration. The fact is that a sharp decrease in the weight of an animal can lead to the development of a dangerous condition. lipidosis of the hepatic structures.
Best ages to neuter a cat: the pros and cons of periods
Surgery to remove the reproductive organs of females is called sterilization. As a result of such an operation, the cat’s libido disappears and the ability to reproduce offspring is lost. The age for neutering cats is of great importance, since this will depend on the further state of health and possible complications.
Neutering cats after 12 months
A number of veterinarians and scientists are inclined to argue that before carrying out the sterilization procedure, it is necessary to wait until the animal reaches the age of 12 months. They associate this with the fact that the cat’s body will become significantly stronger by this period, the systems will stabilize and the operation will not be a big shock for the animal.
But before you judge when to sterilize is best, you need to pay attention to the statistics. So, the risk of developing cancerous tumors in the mammary glands increases over time.
- In animals sterilized before the first estrus, the risk of oncology is about 0.5%.
- After the first birth. 8%.
- The risk of cancerous tumors after a second birth rises to 25%.
- In cats over 3 years old, sterilization does not give any guarantee that oncology will not occur.
Note! The optimal age for an operation to remove a cat’s reproductive organs should be selected based on the individual characteristics of each animal. The veterinarian takes into account the age, the time of puberty, the general condition of the body.
Why and when is it better to do sterilization
For many years, there has been a dispute between veterinarians about the need for sterilization and when it is best to do the manipulation. There is no definite answer to this question. So, some are inclined to argue that castration (sterilization) is necessary when puberty has not come. Others believe that the operation should be carried out no earlier than 9-12 months from birth.
Note! Despite many years of controversy, there is a hypothesis that the best age to sterilize a cat is before the first estrus.
Sooner or later, the owners of a fluffy beauty are faced with estrus and an irresistible desire for a cat to meet a cat. In most cases, the owners do not consult with specialists, but go to the veterinary kiosk and purchase medications to stop the night screams and the pet’s agitated state.
This approach threatens with serious consequences, since the wrong dosage of the drug, as well as the age of the cat, the characteristics of the animal’s body are not taken into account. In addition, when taking hormonal drugs, the cat’s health can be severely affected and cause complications.
The most negative consequences arising from such self-medication are:
- malignant neoplasms in the area of the pelvic organs;
- cystic changes;
- disorders of the body systems.
It is important to understand for yourself that in the absence of a desire to receive offspring from the cat in the future, it is necessary to sterilize the animal. This will avoid the consequences by choosing the right moment. Do not indulge yourself in the hope that sterilization is an absolutely harmless intervention. But with the right approach and high qualifications of a veterinarian, the consequences can be easily avoided.
If all the rules are followed, the likelihood of complications after sterilization is reduced to 0.3% of cases and the cat’s body is fully restored after 7-10 days. The manipulation of the cat, which is at puberty, will allow the animal to become more tame, domestic and somewhat lazy.
That is why, it is important to provide proper care and diet for your pet in order to avoid such consequences as obesity from overeating, disruption of the cardiovascular system against the background of obesity and insufficient physical activity.
Some doctors argue that sterilization before puberty will help prevent possible disturbances in the body’s work. The optimal age for such sterilization is from 3 months to six months. The organs are quite well developed at this age, which allows a specialist to carry out manipulations without any problems.
It is important to remember that if a cat is sterilized too early, which has not reached puberty, irreversible changes begin to develop in the body. hormonal imbalance.
The appearance of uncontrolled behavior and unexpected conditions of the cat is possible. The fact is that the development of the reproductive sphere is closely intertwined with the work of the hypothalamus, which is responsible for the behavior of the animal.
There is another argument in favor of early sterilization. reducing the risk of postoperative complications. sutures and wound surfaces regenerate faster.
For the owners’ information, early neutering of a cat has a beneficial effect not only on the overall health of the animal, but also on external parameters. Thus, spayed cats before their first estrus tend to form stronger and stronger muscular skeletons. In addition, the limbs are significantly lengthened.In early sterilization, there is a risk of developing pathological conditions in the endocrine system, the efficiency of the renal structures decreases, and a violation in the retina of the eye can often occur.
Neutering adult cats
Sterilization is desirable for cats under 8 months of age. But it also happens that at a fairly adult age, it is necessary to carry out manipulation. When an adult cat is sterilized, behavior is corrected, the risk of developing diseases of dangerous diseases, cystic neoplasms is reduced. In addition, pregnancy and childbirth in an older cat can cause complications. So, the birth process can end fatally for a cat.
The main danger that exists during sterilization for adult cats is the reaction of the animal to the injection of narcotic substances. Before carrying out surgery, a thorough diagnosis is necessary. a complete blood count, ultrasound examination, checking the state of the heart muscle.
Best age to sterilize
Puberty in cats is different from other pets. When a cat reaches the age of 6-9 months, it is considered fully mature and can produce viable offspring.
In some breeds of cats, due to the characteristics of the organism, sexual maturity occurs somewhat earlier. at the age of 4.5. 6 months. This period is characterized by an active release into the bloodstream of hormonal substances of the sexual type. estrogens (produced by the ovaries). Under the influence of a specific hormone, a condition arises that the cat gives rise to anxiety to its owner. it begins to scream heart-rendingly and demand a male, trying to run away from home.
Depending on the breed and temperament of the animal, the period of increased activity ranges from 2-3 days to 2 weeks. The period is marked by the fact that all organs of the reproductive system are actively preparing for the normal process of conception and further bearing of attached embryos. If the cat does not happen, then another hormone begins to be produced in the body. progesterone, which is responsible for reducing heat.
Note! The time when the cat does not happen, professional breeders call the blank period. Such periods lead to a disruption in the course of the sexual cycle, adversely affecting the state of the cat’s body as a whole.
Often, pet owners resort to the use of various pills and drops that restrict the release of hormones in the body, thereby preventing the onset of estrus. In the future, there are pathological conditions such as endometritis, pyometritis, cystic hyperplasia of the walls of the uterus, cystic formations on the ovaries. You can keep your cat safe by sterilizing it in a timely manner.
The best age for sterilization is before the first heat. This is the age when the kitten has already reached puberty, but the reproduction process has not yet started. In most cases, the average age at which it is best to sterilize is 6-9 months. It is important to remember that if a cat is already in heat, it is necessary to try to prevent conception.
Note! During estrus, it is strictly forbidden to carry out surgical intervention on the reproductive system, since the risk of developing pathological conditions cannot be avoided.
Can a cat be spayed?
A cat is one of the most beloved pets, which in human consciousness is associated with the comfort and warmth of the hearth, which is why there is no cat in a rare house. In order for a fluffy pet to feel comfortable enough, a caring owner must provide her with adequate nutrition, plenty of drink, competent care for her claws and fur, as well as the ability to comfortably send her natural needs, that is, take care of the cat litter.
However, there is one more need, which is of no small importance for the animal. a craving for procreation. Therefore, if the animal is not intended for breeding, a problem arises related to the inevitability of its sterilization. At what age can a cat be spayed??
The consequence of the stress associated with the lack of mating may be the development of:
- Urinary tract infections.
- Tumors of the uterus.
- Ovarian cysts.
- Breast Oncology.
- Tumors of the uterus (up to malignant).
- Diseases of the urinary system leading to difficulty urinating.
- Mental abnormalities in behavior.
- Inappropriate habits.
Surgical sterilization methods
The most effective and reliable method is ovariohysterectomy. an operation during which not only the ovaries, but also the uterus are removed. Veterinarians call this method female castration, because after it regular estrus completely stops.
Such sterilization of cats (the consequences of which are to completely eliminate the operated animal from the risk of developing a large number of the most severe and very dangerous diseases of remote organs) will save the animal owners from many problems.
This operation is performed for all cats already capable of reproduction: both young (after the first estrus) and rather old animals; both those who have already given birth and those who have this or that disease of the uterus.
A less radical, but no less effective method in terms of preventing unwanted pregnancy is ovariectomy. an operation to remove only the ovaries (the uterus is left). Domestic veterinarians call this operation the actual sterilization of females.
As a result of the cessation of the production of sex hormones, the hormonal background in the animal’s body changes, which results in the cessation of leaks. This method saves the cat from the risk of ovarian diseases, but the possibility of many serious diseases of the uterus remains.
The operation to remove the ovaries is performed only on young cats who have not yet had estrus and there are no pathologies in the uterine cavity.
There are frequent cases when an animal with removed ovaries has to do another operation, already to remove the uterus. That is why experienced veterinarians advise pet owners not to sterilize, but to completely castrate their pets, so as not to torture the animal later.
Tubal ligation surgery (or tubal occlusion) is aimed at creating infertility despite the preserved activity of the ovaries. With regard to cats, this method is practically not applied, since it is practically meaningless.
Tubal ligation does not stop leaks, does not eliminate the cat’s desire to find a mating partner, does not correct its aggressive behavior, the desire to put tags everywhere, and also preserves the risk of developing dangerous diseases of the uterus and ovaries.
It is completely useless to ligate the tubes for a cat younger than five months old, because in the rapidly growing body of a young animal, the threads (with which the tubes were tied) can dissolve, as a result of which the activity of the fallopian tubes can be restored.
Existing methods of neutering cats
The essence of sterilization is that it deprives the animal of the ability to reproduce. There are the following methods of sterilization of cats: surgical, medical and radiation.
Non-surgical methods of termination of sexual “hunt”
Medicated sterilization is a method known for its dangerous effects on animal health. The action of hormones contained in drugs that suppress the sexual “hunt” of animals, many times increases the risk of developing both benign and malignant tumors of the ovaries, uterus and mammary glands.
Often, pet owners, convinced of the ineffectiveness of such drugs, still go to the clinic to sterilize their pets, but by this time the health of their pets has already been undermined, and the need to perform an operation is caused by medical indications.
Radiation (chemical) sterilization is a method consisting in radiation exposure of the ovaries. The degree of danger of this method remains a big question. A number of veterinarians consider it relatively safe if the proportion of radiation for each specific animal is calculated correctly.
Most experts do not exclude the possibility of negative consequences for the cat’s health in the future, since this is fraught with degeneration of cells of internal organs exposed to radiation.
Caring for a cat after neutering
In order for a cat to recover quickly after surgery, the following rules must be followed:
- It is necessary to provide her with a solid comfortable bed.
- Do not disturb her sleep in the first few hours after surgery.
- It is advisable to be near the pet, moving away from anesthesia, at least for several hours.
- Cover the cat while recovering from anesthesia with a warm blanket, as at this moment its body temperature will drop significantly.
- Put on the cat a special bandage that prevents licking of the seams.
- Regularly (morning and evening) treat the seam with an ointment prescribed by your veterinarian.
- If a non-absorbable material was used during the operation, after 10 days you will have to go to the clinic to have the stitches removed.
- Be prepared for the fact that the very next day some cats can independently visit the litter box and move actively, although in most cases they most often lie in the designated place for them.
At what age to neuter a cat?
When can a cat be spayed? This question (as well as the question of when to vaccinate a kitten) is often a concern for caring cat owners.
There is no definite answer to this question. Recently, it has become fashionable to carry out early neutering of kittens almost at the age of two months. Proponents of this approach argue that at this age animals are not so sensitive to pain and their recovery after surgery is faster.
Opponents of early sterilization are convinced that this haste in the future will lead to improper formation and development of internal organs.
The most common point of view is:
- The most optimal period for sterilization is considered to be the age of 6-8 months (during this period, the animal reaches puberty).
- It is necessary to perform surgery before the onset of the first heat.
- If estrus has begun, it is necessary to protect the animal from pregnancy.
- It is forbidden to perform surgery during estrus: this is fraught with the risk of dangerous complications. It is best to neuter your cat just a week later.
Why sterilize animals?
Surely, everyone who kept or keeps a cat in his house sooner or later encounters a problem when from a calm, balanced pet at one point, the animal turns into a constantly screaming and screaming creature day and night. Such a time becomes a real challenge for the owners. Sleepless nights, constant meowing make the owners get up before a choice. what to do with a helpless animal, because listening and looking at all this becomes unbearable.
Do cats need sterilization??
Let’s see which choice is preferable. Puberty in cats is observed at 7-8 months of age. For some, this period begins at an earlier age, at 5-6 months. At this time, the gonads (ovaries) of the cat begin to actively secrete sex hormones into the blood. estrogens. Under their influence, the cat develops that “abnormal” behavior that we are all used to seeing and which worries the owners so much. Depending on the temperament of the animal, the duration and activity of the arousal period can vary and is usually from several days to 1-2 weeks. During this period, all the reproductive organs of the animal, at the call of nature, begin to prepare for the conception and bearing of the fetus. If the cat does not mate, then she calms down, and in her body, one sex hormone is replaced by another. progesterone, thanks to which happy calm days come in her life and in the life of the owners. It is customary to say about such a cat that she “missed”. The number of such “pushers” can reach several times a year, although it is generally accepted that cats are dicyclic animals (the manifestation of the sexual cycle is observed 2 times a year). Such a period in a cat’s life is biologically very difficult and makes the animal go through tremendous stress. Constant “pimples” throughout the life of the animal and interruption or change in the course of the sexual cycle, as many owners prefer to do, using “magic” pills or drops, or hormonal injection, adversely affect the health of the pet in adulthood, and sometimes in the first years of life.
All this leads to irreversible consequences and the occurrence of such terrible diseases as endometritis, pyometritis (purulent inflammation of the uterus), glandular cystic hyperplasia of the endometrium, ovarian cysts, malignant tumors and others. To avoid the aforementioned health problems of cats, most veterinarians insist on sterilization of cats. This is an absolutely harmless surgical procedure, the quality of the result of which depends mainly on the experience of the doctor.
From all of the above, the conclusion suggests itself: when you acquire a kitten or an adult cat. decide for what purpose you take it. Either it will be a caring mother for future offspring, but then a huge responsibility for the fate of the kids will fall on your shoulders, so that when they grow up, you will find reliable owners who will take care and love them. Either the cat will become just a good and faithful friend for you and it is not part of your plans to expect offspring from her. In this case, make sure that your cat lives a calm, healthy and happy life, for which it is necessary to perform an operation to neuter the animal. Do not harm the animal’s health by using contraceptives and dooming him to excruciating suffering and possibly death.
Features of the sterilization operation
The preparatory period is over, the cat is healthy, vaccinated, has passed all the necessary tests and is kept on a 12-hour fasting diet. Only after that the animal is sent to the operating table. When performing an operation to sterilize cats, all the rules of asepsis and antiseptics are observed. surgical instruments and material are boiled and disinfected. The operating room is disinfected, the operation is carried out strictly with sterile gloves. The doctor gives the animal several injections, after which it falls asleep. The operating field is being prepared (the necessary section of hair is shaved off, followed by disinfection, a sterile napkin is applied). Operation begins.
There are two methods of surgical access: in the middle part of the abdomen (along the “white line”, below the navel), with a layer-by-layer incision of the skin, subcutaneous tissue and peritoneum; in the lateral part of the abdomen, with an incision in the skin, subcutaneous tissue, stratification of muscles and fascia, an incision of the peritoneum. In our clinic, operations of this kind are usually carried out “along the white line”. This is due to the ease of access to the operated organ, the large volume of the operated area, and good, even healing of the incision. The operation is performed either with the removal of only the ovaries (ovariectomy), or with the removal of the ovaries and uterus (ovariohysterectomy). The choice of one method or another is mainly related to the age of the animal. If the cat is young, has not given birth and, best of all, if not reached puberty, then the first method is used. But if the animal is in mature or old age, repeated births were noted, then the second method is preferable in order to reduce the risk of cancer and purulent diseases in the uterus in the future. The operation was successful, the surgeon sutures, the animal is put on a bandage. a postoperative blanket. To prevent postoperative complications, an anesthetic and antibacterial drug is given. Such an operation to neuter cats, ranging from anesthesia to suturing, takes an average of 30 to 45 minutes.
The process of the preparatory period will differ in what age and in what physiological state the animal is. Here you can distinguish the period before puberty, the period after puberty at a young age, the period of mature and old age.
At a young age, when the cat has not yet experienced all the delights of puberty, by the time of the sterilization operation, she must be clinically healthy, she must be vaccinated against infectious diseases no later than 3-4 weeks before the operation, and she must also be sustained on a 12 hour fast diet.
In an older age, after the onset of puberty, it is preferable to carry out the sterilization operation during the period of a calm state of the animal, when all the symptoms of arousal are not pronounced, so as not to expose the pet to additional stress. The animal must also be clinically healthy, vaccinated, maintained on a 12-hour fasting diet.
As for the preparation of a mature and elderly animal, this process, as a rule, takes more time and effort for both the owner and the pet itself. By this time, many cats have hidden pathologies of the body, which, upon external examination, the doctor may not reveal, which means. do not assess the degree of risk to the health and life of the animal. To protect the animal as much as possible from the undesirable consequences of the operation, the doctor prescribes a more detailed examination, which includes: clinical blood test, biochemical blood test, general urine analysis, ultrasound, ECG, X-ray. Based on the results of the examination, provided that there are no hidden pathologies, the surgeon makes a decision on the appointment or refusal of the operation. If the decision is made in favor of a sterilization operation, then immediately before it, the cat is also kept on a 12-hour starvation diet.
The truth about neutering cats
Sterilization of cats is an operation to remove the reproductive organs of females (ovaries, uterus), due to which the animal’s sexual desire for the opposite sex disappears and the ability to breed is completely lost.
At what age is it preferable to have surgery?
So, we have determined that the operation to neuter cats is not only harmless, but also beneficial for those animals that are not used in breeding. Let’s now deal with the question of a favorable time for the operation. This is one of the questions that are often asked by visitors to our clinic who are planning an operation on their animal. Among a large number of pet owners, breeders and veterinarians, there is an opinion that any cat in its life should bring offspring at least once in order to feel healthy and happy for the rest of its life. Based on my own experience and on the opinion of most veterinarians, I want to assure you that this is not the case. over, early neutering has a beneficial effect on the cat’s health and even prolongs its life. The optimal age for the operation of a young animal is from 5-6 to 7-8 months. This is the period of life before the first signs of puberty appear. In simple terms. until the moment when the cat began to roll on the floor, meow loudly and protractedly and try to run away into the street.
What is the Best Age to Spay or Neuter My Pet?
Is there any alternative?
Features of transportation of an animal from the clinic
You need to take the cat home not on your hands, but by placing it in a special carrier with a flat and even bottom. Any shaking or displacement of the torso can cause the seams to diverge. It is advisable to cover the animal with a light blanket or warm cloth, since as a result of the operation and anesthesia, the pet’s body temperature becomes less than normal.
What to wear on a cat after spaying
After spaying, the cat’s abdomen should be isolated from the external environment to avoid infection of the wound. To do this, use a blanket. special clothing that has slots for the paws, fastened with Velcro or braid on the back of the animal. The device needs to be worn for about 10-14 days, depending on the complexity of the operation performed, the condition of the seam and other nuances.
Cat blankets should be washed, ironed, and then put back on. Such clothing is removed only for the treatment of an operating wound. To prevent the pet from being able to take it off, no threads or loose ends of strings should stick out on the blanket. The product is selected only according to individual sizes, since the animal can easily remove a wide blanket, and a narrow one will disrupt the blood flow.
Some owners sew such bandages on their own. Sometimes tights or socks are used as an improvised means, after cutting the holes. Whether the cat will wear such a blanket is unknown. Judging by the stories of the owners on the network, many animals arrange concerts or behave aggressively, not even fully recovering from anesthesia. As a result, the blanket is replaced with a collar, and the bandage on the wound is fixed with a plaster.
It happens that a cat after sterilization does not go to the toilet. If this happens within 1-2 days after the operation, then there is no need to worry. Due to preoperative fasting and dehydration, she simply has nothing to empty her bowels with. Other reasons for this phenomenon include:
- stress from the operation;
- the action of anesthesia or drugs;
- the blanket interferes;
- the seam hurts.
Failure to empty with normal appetite may indicate constipation. In this case, laxatives, a liquid diet will help. If the cat still has problems with the toilet for more than 3 days after sterilization, an urgent need to consult a veterinarian.
How to care for a cat after spaying
Few owners have a complete understanding of what to do after spaying a cat. Meanwhile, it is the postoperative period that determines the further state of health of the pet.
If you leave the cat in the clinic for the first few days there is no way, and she is “discharged” home immediately after the operation, you need to learn in detail all the nuances of care from the veterinarian. Depending on the condition of the pet before and after the intervention, she may be prescribed antibacterial drugs, anti-inflammatory or pain relievers. In addition, the specialist will tell you when (and whether it is necessary) to come for the removal of stitches, how often to dressings, which means it is better to use in this case, and other information. It’s good if the veterinarian can give his phone number so that in case of a sharp deterioration in his condition, he can be contacted without delay.
How to prepare a cat for neutering
Neutering a cat requires prior preparation. Except in clinical situations, the animal must be absolutely healthy. This is especially true of vaccinations and antiparasitic treatments.
Vaccination must be carried out at least one month before the operation. It significantly reduces the risk of developing infectious complications in the postoperative period, when the pet’s immune system is weakened. In the absence of vaccinations, the cat is given a serum injection before the intervention, which ensures stable immunity for the next 14 days. Anthelmintic measures are carried out at least 10 days before sterilization.
Preparatory measures also include:
- laboratory analyzes of urine, blood;
- ultrasound examination of the reproductive organs;
At the discretion of the doctor, X-rays, respiratory studies and others are additionally prescribed.
Important: immediately before surgery, the animal must be limited in food (8-12 hours before it) and water (3 hours).
Care should be taken in advance of the carrier in which the cat will be transported home from the clinic. In addition, you will need an absorbent diaper in case of involuntary outflow of urine, as well as a sheet or blanket to prevent hypothermia.
Neutering a pregnant cat is also fraught with negative consequences. It is justified only in the following cases:
- abnormal fetal development;
- a cat’s life-threatening disease caused by pregnancy;
- the animal is unable to bear kittens due to health or age.
What are the complications after spaying a cat?
Despite the simplicity of the operation, removal of a cat’s reproductive organs can lead to complications. One of the most common is a lump on the abdomen. It can occur due to swelling of soft tissues or excessively dividing young cells, which are necessary for the overgrowth of the suture. In these cases, the lump after sterilization is harmless and gradually disappears on its own. But if the formation has arisen as a hernia of internal tissues through the suture, then an emergency operation will be required.
Other possible complications after spaying a cat include:
- allergy to pharmaceuticals;
- deterioration in the activity of the kidneys, heart, liver due to anesthesia;
- neoplasms (in the remote period).
The development of complications depends not only on the quality of the operation or the method of its implementation, but also on other nuances: at what age the cat, its state of health at the time of the procedure, postoperative care, and so on.