How to dock the tail of the Alabai yourself
Veterinarians do not recommend docking your pet’s tail yourself. Improper operation can damage the spine. The dog will not walk well, lose balance. There is also a risk of severe blood loss, due to which the animal may die.
Alabai with ears (uncropped): when docking ears and tail of puppies
The Central Asian Shepherd Dog, or Alabai, refers to a breed that has its ears and tail trimmed. This issue is subject to fierce debate among dog breeders. There are supporters who consider the procedure necessary, but there are also opponents. There are two breed standards. In accordance with European norms, it must be uncropped, but Russian norms provide for two options.
The places where the cuts were made must be treated with an antiseptic for 14 days. The procedure should be repeated daily, even if the owner thinks that the damaged area is completely healed.
Note! During the rehabilitation period, you need to change the litter of the puppy every day. This is necessary to avoid getting an infection that can cause tissue necrosis.
The puppy is necessarily isolated from the mother, he is brought to her only for feeding, but at the same time the process is constantly monitored. If you leave them alone, an adult dog will begin to lick the puppy, thereby damaging the ears, preventing them from healing quickly.
When the ears and tail are cut off for Alabai puppies who are already two weeks old, stitches are imposed. They are removed 15 days after surgery. Throughout the entire rehabilitation period, the sections are treated with a bactericidal composition.
During the rehabilitation period, puppies are isolated from their mother.
Aesthetics or necessity
Alabaevs began to be bred as watchdogs. They protected livestock from the attack of predatory animals. Dogs were often injured as a result of fighting wolves or bears. To reduce the potential for injury, the breed began to shorten the ears and tail. Thanks to this, it was possible to give the Alabai a more formidable appearance.
For your information! Today, most often only service dogs are stopped or in cases where there is a medical indication for the procedure. In accordance with Russian standards, a parody can be admitted to the exhibition as an Alabai with ears and a tail without docking, as well as after the procedure.
There are many opponents of cropping. In some European countries, this amounts to animal abuse. The positive aspects of the operation include:
- Alabai with uncropped ears looks more like a mestizo. The procedure has an aesthetic function, helps to emphasize the breed;
- the operation is a necessity for service dogs, as it helps to avoid additional injury;
- an adult dog will not face such a painful problem as a broken tail.
Opponents of cupping argue:
- surgical intervention is a great risk to the health of the dog;
- the procedure is not necessary;
- veterinary studies have shown that uncropped Alabai are much kinder in character than dogs with ears;
- the procedure gives small puppies severe pain.
Important! You can not stop an animal that has a congenital pathology. Due to the reduced immunity, the recovery process will be slow, inflammation may develop.
According to the Russian standard, the Alabai breeds can be either cropped or uncropped.
Trimming the tail short is not recommended, as it has its own functional purpose. With the help of the tail, the dog can convey its condition to the owner. In addition, it helps animals when running, maintains balance.
In the homeland of the Alabaevs, their tails are cut in half. But the operation is done only for males. Now the docking order has been slightly changed. The tail is cut at the transition from the thick part to the thin one.
What shape of ears to choose
Alabai belongs to the short-haired breed, so the cut line on the ears must be made even, otherwise the cropping will be very noticeable. Most often, the ears are given the following shapes:
- like a bear. The cut is made in the form of a semicircle;
- Caucasian. With this option, the ears will be long, since they are made out for 1/3 of the cartilage;
- standard cupping. Cartilage remains of medium length and cut in a semicircle or straight cut.
Important! The shape is selected only once. You cannot perform the operation, and then try again later to change the shape of the ears.
The white alabai has the shape of the ears like a bear
The price for the operation will vary depending on the qualifications of the specialists and the region. The average cost is from 400 to 800 rubles. If you stop Alabay, which is older than two weeks, the price increases to 4000 rubles.
At what age are ears and tail cropped
If the owner is determined to carry out the operation on his pet, it must be done before the age of 10 days. If childbirth has passed without complications, it can be stopped on the fifth day. It is important to do the procedure as early as possible. On the first day, the nerve endings in the ears of the Alabai are not developed, and the vertebrae on the tail are cartilage. Therefore, the operation will be painless for the animal. But after he turns one month, stopping will cause discomfort and severe pain.
Important! It is forbidden to stop by yourself, the operation should only be done by a doctor.
The procedure is performed before the age of 10 days
Setting the ears
We move on to the next, no less important stage. setting the ears. They are pasted over with “horns” made of ordinary medical adhesive plaster and cotton wool, which the dog wears for two weeks. This time, in most cases, is enough for the ears that were previously falling forward, as the muscles strengthened, take the necessary shape and stand firmly.
It is important to ensure that their contours resemble the roof of a house. If the ears are crooked, tilted to one side or the other, then the setting of the ears lasts longer than the specified period. In any case, the decision to remove the bandage is made by the veterinarian.
Postoperative sutures should be treated alternately with brilliant green and hydrogen peroxide, calendula tincture or streptocidal powder works well on them. Use cotton pads for this.
Features of the breed
These elegant dogs with an aristocratic appearance, it seems, are subject to everything except the ability to tell their owner about everything that is boiling in their souls. Legends can be made about the speed of the Doberman’s reaction. While a dog of another breed is busy with one thing, the Doberman is able to do ten. He learns easily thanks to his amazing observation, ability to imitate, comprehending his own mistakes.
Many owners note that sometimes it seems that their pets are able to reason logically. People who are at least a little familiar with this breed are not at all surprised that the Doberman opens the doors on his own. Some dogs even move the chair to the table, as if hinting to the owner that they would not mind joining the meal.
At what age doberman ears are cropped?
In many European countries, puppies are transferred to new owners after two months from the date of birth, and therefore this operation, as well as postoperative care, falls on the breeder’s shoulders. As you know, in Russia puppies are given to new owners at the age of four. six weeks, so it is only natural that the new owners have to stop the Doberman’s ears. True, by prior arrangement, the breeder can also do this.
To understand what time to dock the ears of a Doberman, you need to listen to the opinions of experts. They differ slightly, but not significantly. Veterinarians say that, in theory, such an operation is possible at almost any age. But there is the most suitable period for the operation. So, at what age is it preferable to crock the ears of a Doberman? When the baby reaches the age of one and a half to two months.
Preparing for surgery
Cynologists say that all veterinarians can stop Doberman’s ears. However, only specialists of the highest level can carry out the operation competently, in compliance with all sanitary standards. It is rather strange to hear the question: “Is it possible to cut a Doberman’s ears on your own?” In some publications you can even find “instructions” for such an operation. The answer to such a question may be the only one. in no case.
Many are interested in where to stop the ears of a Doberman. It seems to us that based on all of the above, the answer is obvious. in a well-established clinic with experienced professionals. Unfortunately, quite often there are stately beautiful Dobermans with ugly set ears. Lack of professionalism or veterinarian error can disfigure the appearance of the animal.
The dog should not be fed on the day of surgery. Do not give the puppy any drink two hours before the procedure.
Do you need docking?
It must be admitted that today, at least in our country, cropped ears of these animals are distinctive breed characteristics. However, newcomers to dog breeding, who know about the prohibition of foreign dog handlers to carry out such an operation, ask: “Why do the Doberman’s ears have their ears cut off?”
Previously, fighting and hunting dogs were subjected to this procedure. In this case, the risk of additional injuries during a battle or hunting was reduced. Despite the ban of the Fédération Cynologique Internationale (FCI) several years ago, dog breeders in many countries continue to dock the ears and tails of Dobermans. Thus, a breed standard was formed, emphasizing the special shape of the tail and ears of these animals.
Today hunting has lost its former popularity, and dog fighting is banned in many countries. In theory, the need for cropping and setting the ears of Dobermans should disappear by itself. However, dog breeders with many years of experience stubbornly insist on such operations. They argue that this procedure reduces the risk of necrosis, ulcers, various neoplasms, wounds and injuries. They believe that cropping is some kind of protection for the animal.
Prohibition of docking
In Russia, we are used to seeing Dobermans without a tail and with sharp, high-set triangular ears. Few people know that the shape of cropped ears has changed several times. At first, these were small neat triangles, but in recent years very high ears have come into fashion. It is believed that this is the merit of an experienced veterinarian and owner, as proper ear positioning is a difficult and time-consuming process that should be approached with the utmost responsibility.
In many countries, including Germany, in the homeland of the Doberman, it is forbidden to dock the ears of the Doberman (and the tails too). The appearance of a lop-eared dog with a long thin tail is somewhat unusual, but these are the requirements of conservationists. Nevertheless, in our country, representatives of this breed are still undergoing this operation. A reasonable question arises as to why the Doberman’s ears and tail are cut off, is such a procedure really necessary??
Is surgery possible at a different age?
Sometimes it happens that the owners miss this period for some reason. How many months are Doberman’s ears cropped in this case? Experts do not recommend doing such an operation for puppies from twelve weeks to a complete change of teeth. This prohibition is explained by the fact that setting ears during the period of changing teeth, growth and formation of bones is very difficult, since during this period the supply of minerals in the body of animals is not stable and is minimal.
By the time the puppy is three months old, permanent teeth begin to form. For their strength and proper growth, almost pure calcium is needed in more quantities than is necessary to strengthen the ear cartilage. over, at an earlier age, wounds bleed much less and heal much faster. If you cut off the Doberman’s ears and tail at an early age, the animal will more easily undergo surgery.
Some veterinarians believe that it is not worth delaying this procedure for up to one and a half months and recommend that it be carried out three to ten days after birth. In newborn puppies, circulation is much slower and the healing process is faster. Nevertheless, the overwhelming majority of veterinarians prefer the age of one and a half to two months. True, at this age, the operation is already performed under anesthesia.
How is the operation performed?
An animal is administered anesthesia at the age of one and a half to two months. When he starts to act, they start the operation. Veterinarians adhere to the rule. to stop Doberman’s ears no more than 2/5 of the auricle. If this rule is neglected, then there is a possibility that after the operation the head of the dog will look disproportionate.
American Bully Ear Cropping / Puppy Ear Cropping
Clamps are installed along the trim line, as well as to fix the desired shape on the baby’s ears. They can be straight, curved, zigzag. With the help of a medical scalpel, the doctor cuts off the hanging part of the ear, and then forms a lobe with scissors. A suture is applied to the wound. It is very important, and experienced specialists know this, not to catch the cartilage: otherwise, the healed ear will be disfigured. The same manipulations are carried out on the second ear.
Puppy owners are interested in how long doberman ears are cropped. The operation can last no more than half an hour, but in some cases, which are extremely rare for experienced veterinarians, the operation can take up to one and a half hours. In most good clinics, the presence of the owner of the dog for the operation is not required.
Upon its completion, in order to stop capillary bleeding, a “pillow” of cotton and gauze is applied to the back of the dog’s head, on which the ears are placed in a straightened form. From above they are covered with a sterile gauze napkin and secured with a bandage. The bandage can be removed after three to four hours. Doberman pinscher with cropped ears (you can see the photo below) can go home with the owner.
Can you do it yourself
Highly undesirable, unless you are an experienced breeder. The procedure is carried out without anesthesia, at this age it is contraindicated. over, no special equipment is required for this. But it is not worth doing the operation yourself, unless you are an experienced breeder. But the ears are cropped at the age of two to three months under general anesthesia.
Dog breeds requiring cupping
Ear cropping is a standard requirement for breeds such as Boxer, Doberman, Great Dane, American Terrier, Rottweiler, Schnauzer. This group does not include Caucasian Shepherd Dogs and Central Asians, since they carry out this procedure very early (a week old).
Tails are docked according to the standard in the following breeds: American and English Cocker Spaniel, Bobtail, Doberman, Boxer, Airedale Terrier, Yorkshire Terrier, Giant Schnauzer, etc.
We cut off the ears
In this case, a lot depends on the breed. For the Caucasian Shepherd Dog, this is the third day of life. The operation is not too difficult. Puppies are simply cut off the top of the auricle while it is very thin. The ears are like those of a bear. Therefore, it is quite possible to stop a puppy’s ears and tail at the same time.
If we are talking about Dobermans or Great Danes, then everything is more complicated here. The owner needs to wait until the babies are three months old. During this time, the head and ear will reach the desired size. Before the procedure, the babies are not fed for eight hours, after which they are taken to the veterinary clinic. There, surgeons are already taking up their work:
- The first step is to administer anesthesia. The puppy is placed on a special table, the paws are pulled out and firmly fixed. In addition, the jaw and torso of the puppy are fixed.
- The auricle is treated with an antiseptic, and the place where the cropping will be done is cleaned of wool.
- According to a special pattern, doctors cut the desired shape. The operation takes about an hour, so the owner needs to be patient.
- After the operation, the treatment is repeated and the patient is allowed to go home. Usually stitches need to be removed after two weeks.
When puppies dock their tails: dog breeds that need docking, age, procedure and monitoring the health of the puppies
Professional dog breeders have been practicing cropping of ears and tails for a long time. We are already so accustomed to the image of dogs with such features that we cannot imagine them in their natural form. Therefore, when planning a mating of Dobermans or Rottweilers, the breeder, without hesitation, asks the vet about when the tails and ears of the puppies are cut off. Let’s first figure out if this procedure is really needed.
There are no clear standards here. Some breeds are left with 2-3 caudal vertebrae, others, such as airedale, have only one third of the tail removed. There are breeds that do not have a single standard, that is, the breeder decides for himself what to do with the tail. For example, wolfhounds. But all the standards agree on the age at which puppies dock their tails. As long as the vertebrae are still soft, this operation will be the least painful. Therefore, do not delay. If you decide to trim the tail, then do it before the pet reaches ten days of age.
When it happens
If the mating was registered in the club, then after the puppies are born, you must invite a specialist who will inspect. He examines the offspring and, if he recognizes him as a pedigree, then leaves the puppy cards. Now you can invite the veterinarian. Usually the curator of the breed informs the owner when the puppies‘ tails are cut off. There is not much time for reflection. Depending on the breed, this is done on days 2-7 of life, while the vertebrae are still quite soft.
Recovery after surgery
Even if we are talking about tail docking, it is still a surgical procedure. Therefore, the doctor should assess the risks and familiarize the breeder with them. If the puppy is weak, then it is recommended to postpone this procedure and at an older age perform it already under anesthesia or abandon it altogether.
After docking the tail or ears, the puppies need the most careful grooming. The place where they sleep must be dry and clean so that there is no risk of infection. The wound must be examined twice a day. The slightest sign of suppuration. the reason for the immediate visit to the doctor. In itself, such an intervention is an injury to the animal. Therefore, a decrease in appetite may occur, and drowsiness may be observed during the first two days after the procedure. But if the puppy completely refuses to eat, then you need to sound the alarm.
Do I need to stop without fail
Cropping the ears of the Cane Corso is not a prerequisite for keeping. Whether it is necessary to cut off the ears and tail of the cane is up to the owner to decide personally. Many countries are abandoning forced docking, standards are gradually changing, leaving more and more dogs in their natural and natural form for them.
In recent years, many breeds have had a refusal to dock, since 2010 and more, representatives of popular breeds: Dobermans, boxers, have abandoned the need, dogs with natural appearance of ears and tails are allowed to exhibitions according to the RKF and FCI standards.
What uncropped ears will look like on a cane
The kane’s appearance is a bright, large dog, with well-developed muscles, a large and broad-brimmed head. The Kane has a proportional physique, ears set high, cartilage is hard and elastic. The ears are not large in size, if they are not cropped and remain in their natural form, they look harmonious, absolutely not spoiling the overall appearance for the dog.
Cane Corso is one of the most beautiful dogs in the world, beautifully and harmoniously built, with a powerful bone, strong muscles. A harmoniously built dog of proportional constitution, with a dry type of muscles throughout the body, gives the impression of a stern and serious animal.
Ears can be cropped from the age of 1.5. 2 months, you should not wait for a late age, the procedure should be done better up to 3 months. The operation is performed under general anesthesia, which will not affect the body of a young animal.
In modern veterinary medicine there is a huge amount of drugs for anesthesia, with minimal negative impact on the animal’s body. Fortunately, many owners have already abandoned the procedure in favor of a natural appearance, the standard provides for the permission of docking, only up to a certain year of birth. Young dogs born in the last 3 years. may not be docked.
Undocked tails and ears. they look natural and more acceptable, many representatives of various breeds such as: German boxers, Dobermans, bullmastiffs switched to new standards and abandoned docking operations.
- Cane Corso is a large dog, with a difficult and freedom-loving character, a self-confident dog perfectly and harmoniously built, the pride of the owner and a loyal friend to the whole family.
The breed was founded by Italian breeders and is still a national treasure. Dog. gladiators are a brave and loyal animal, brave and courageous.
The owner of high security qualities, ideal for living in large houses. Docking the ears and tail of a cane. can only be done by a specialist with a certain veterinary education, the procedure can be performed in the clinic, as well as at home, subject to the rules of asepsis and antiseptics.
How does tail and ear docking work?
Docking of the tail and ears can only be performed by a specialist. A prerequisite for docking the tail is an early age, it is better if a specialist is invited to your home 3-4 days after childbirth and will be able to process all the tails in one day.
At this age, puppies will not feel discomfort or pain, care will be minimal, and healing will begin quickly, after 5-7 days. A prerequisite is that the puppies must be healthy.
A more complicated process, before the operation, the puppy cannot be fed for 4. 5 hours, there must be primary vaccinations, an anthelmintic is given 7.10 days before the appointed date. You need to take a warm blanket or cape with you.
Get everything you need to process:
Should The Practice of Cutting Dogs’ Tails and Cropping Ears End?
- Cotton buds;
- Cloth-based plaster;
- Sterile wipes in the package;
- Hydrogen peroxide;
- Cotton pads or sterile cotton.
After the manipulation, it is not recommended to feed the animal earlier than 1.5. 2 hours. You can drink as soon as the puppy wakes up. After the strain, the puppies sleep for some time, at this age the whole process goes unnoticed for them.
Regular care and treatment of sutures will be required, which must be removed on day 7-10, the specialist always says the date of the next appointment. All that is required from the owner is the processing of the edge of the ear. Watch out for the puppy, do not let the ears comb or chew, rub.
Ears will need to be positioned correctly if they cannot stand up on their own. After the operation, the doctor will put the ears in the correct position, fix the structure, all that remains is to maintain it in the correct position. In most cases, it is not required to put the ears, since the docking completely removes the soft tissues and only the cartilaginous part of the ear remains.
It is necessary to glue the parts with a plaster and make sure that the ear is warm, and also without redness or a specific smell.In the collar, the healing process is faster and easier.
- The cost of an ear cropping operation: from 5,000 to 10,000 thousand on average in the Moscow region and Moscow. In the regions: from 3 to 6 thousand.
“Pros and cons
Interesting arguments in support of their position are given by both supporters and opponents of modifying the appearance of representatives of this breed.
- There is a myth, long destroyed by veterinarians, that shortening the auricle reduces the likelihood of developing otitis media.
- Until now, only cropped animals can take part in some exhibitions.
- Cropped ears are an integral part of the look. For example, an American pit bull with natural, cropped ears looks attractive and frightening in the wrong place, which at once reduces its attractiveness for breeders.
- This is a dangerous operation performed under general anesthesia. If it is not carried out correctly or by a non-professional, then serious consequences can remain.
- There is no medical need to correct the natural appearance of the dog.
- Ears for dogs are extremely important as they serve as part of the communication system. By shortening them, we deprive the pet of the opportunity to fully communicate with brothers and the world.
Each owner must answer himself the question: “Do I need to do cropping of the ears of a pit bull?”
How is the operation going?
Cupping is a fairly simple procedure, but it requires great care and experience from the surgeon and great attention and desire to spend time with the pet from the owner. Its detailed description can be found in almost any reference book on veterinary medicine and surgery of dogs, however, there are not so many professionals who can really bring this procedure with high quality, therefore the price for the services provided is often high.
First, the dog is cooked. Since the breed is large and active, the procedure is carried out under full anesthesia, which means that the pet must be prepared for it. A good veterinarian will check the animal for allergies and possible diseases a few days before the appointed time and only after that will agree to the introduction of anesthesia. The puppy stops feeding 10-12 hours after the appointed time.
After the dog falls asleep and is carefully fixed, the hardest part begins. In pit bulls, up to 2/3 of the auricle is removed, and this must be done absolutely symmetrically. Here, clamps of a special shape come to the rescue, which not only allow you to correctly measure excess tissue, but also squeeze blood vessels, solving the problem of blood loss in the process.
After the calculations and fitting are completed, the doctor will remove the excess with a scalpel and sew the rest. Suturing is an important separate process. They should be very neat and only be attached to soft tissues. In this case, to touch the cartilage means to permanently remove the dog from the competition for the champion title.
After the trimming is completed and the sutures are applied, a special collar is put on the animal to prevent combing the wounds.
The healing process begins and lasts about 2 weeks. During this time, the owner of the home must take care of the wound every day, remove the crusts, disinfect and process. This will allow the wound to heal faster and without consequences. At this time, the head is sometimes bandaged so that the dog does not harm itself. Anesthetic is often used, since the dog suffers quite a lot.
After the sutures are finally removed, special rigid bandages of a specific shape are applied to the auricles to put the ears in the desired position.
Pit bull ear cropping
The Pit Bull Terrier is a serious breed, once bred as a working one, which is why the standards of its appearance were formed taking into account the needs of that time.
So the tradition of trimming the ears and tail of working breeds originated in antiquity, when it was believed that a long tail could provoke rabies, and too long ears were a weak point in a fight with other predators.
That is why terriers had such a specific appearance in recent centuries, until at the end of the 19th century England refused to undergo cosmetic surgery, considering it too cruel. Almost 100 years later, at the end of the 20th century, Germany followed its example, and almost all of Europe followed.
Today, animals that have undergone cosmetic modifications to their appearance are not allowed at most European exhibitions. Owners of such modified animals can face severe penalties.
Gradually, this fashion comes to us. However, until now, in the countries of the former CIS, many owners prefer to traditionally dock terriers in order to give them a familiar look, as in old photographs.
Features and complications
In addition to beauty considerations and the standard description of the representatives of the Pit Bull Terrier breed, sometimes the cupping procedure is prescribed for medical reasons. This happens quite rarely. However, it is worth knowing in advance why the veterinarian may send the dog for pruning. If it happens to him:
- Tissue necrosis.
- Non-healing ulcers.
- Neoplasms that prevent the organ from performing its main function.
In this case, only the affected part is removed. A healthy ear remains intact.
A very important factor in a successful operation and proper healing is the age of the animal. Ideally, this type of cosmetic surgery should be performed as early as possible. Some cut very young puppies, barely reaching 1-2 weeks, but this is quite dangerous, because it is not known how an incompletely adapted organism will react to anesthesia. Another disadvantage of such an early intervention is the inability to accurately calculate the consequences and appearance of the dog, since the proportions have not yet been observed.
The most common time for a pitbue is 2-3 months, between 1 and 2 shots. This time is best, since the dog is already strong and immune, while he is still small enough so that the tissues heal quickly and practically no scars remain. In addition, at this age, the shape of the muzzle and future dimensions are already clear, which means that it is much easier to adjust the shape to the future appearance.
Do not forget about the dangers waiting for the dog on the operating table:
- Intolerance to anesthesia drug. Allergies will not allow the procedure to be carried out normally, and may even kill.
- Sudden bleeding. Although it can rarely be fatal, as there are no really large vessels in the ears.
- Infections introduced into wounds during surgery or after the healing process.
Is it worth stopping the ears of the staff: pros and cons
Ear cropping in staff puppies is a traditional procedure. Previously, this breed was used for dog fights, and the long ears inevitably suffered from the teeth of the enemy. So they began to cut them off.
For a while, the standard recognized only cropped ears in staff. Other dogs were not allowed to participate in exhibitions. But in recent years, “dog fashion” has changed in favor of naturalness. Circumcision is considered unnecessary and even cruel.
In Russia and other CIS countries, most breeders and owners prefer the classic “circumcised” stafford, and in Europe and the USA. a dog with uncropped ears. Abroad, dogs with short ears are considered devoid of breed characteristics and are disqualified. In addition, the owner can be fined for cruelty to animals.
Some owners argue the usefulness of relief by the fact that resection prevents otitis media. However, when the sink is open, on the contrary, it becomes an ideal environment for infections.
Others argue that surgery can help prevent ear damage during hassles. Stafford has a really perky character. But socialization and prevention of any fights will help to preserve the dog’s health, and not cutting off all protruding parts of the body.
In the vast majority, the ears of the staff are cut off for decorative purposes. Thus, there is no urgent need for cupping. But there are medical indications for which manipulation is needed. It must be carried out in the following cases:
- extensive burns and frostbite;
- infectious and purulent inflammations that are not given to drug therapy;
- serious injury;
- obstruction of the ear canals.
The need for cupping according to medical indications is determined only by the veterinarian after the examination.
If the owner wants to dock the ears in order to give the dog a “familiar” exterior, it must be borne in mind that the operation can lead to complications. Young puppies may experience:
- repeated bleeding;
- thickening of tissues at the incision site;
- tissue necrosis;
- brain damage due to the penetration and extensive spread of pathogenic microorganisms.
When is the best time to trim your ears
The owners, who stand up for the maximum “aesthetic” appearance of Amstaffs, think about at what age to stop their ears, as soon as the puppies appear in the house.
For cosmetic purposes, pruning is performed only on puppies. The optimal age, up to how many months to do the manipulation, is from 1.5 to 3, maximum 4 months.
For such an early age, the risk of complications is minimal, and the animals tolerate resection relatively easily. In addition, in older puppies, the ears may not form correctly, and the procedure will be useless.
If the operation is dictated by medical necessity, there is no difference at what age it is carried out. the manipulation is done in any year of the dog’s life at the insistence of the veterinarian.
During the rehabilitation period, it is important to prevent any complications. For this:
- staff wear a collar so that they do not damage their ears;
- every day, the seams are treated with a swab dipped in chlorhexidine;
- the crusts that appear are carefully soaked and removed;
- walk the puppy only in dry weather in the cleanest place;
- it is highly undesirable for the dog to be in contact with other animals, especially stray ones, for the first week after the operation.
The first day is the most critical. The dog will recover from the anesthesia. Possibly vomiting, loss of coordination, loss of appetite, or increased thirst. This is a normal condition. Symptoms will subside when the anesthetic wears off.
For the next 2. 3 days, the baby’s ears will be very sore. An analgesic or nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug, as recommended by your veterinarian, may be given to relieve the condition.
The pet is fed as standard. You can include vitamin and mineral supplements that are appropriate for the age and breed characteristics of the animal.
The recovery period at an early age is easily tolerated and lasts about a week. At the end of this period, the stitches are removed, or they dissolve on their own.
It happens that the cropped ears of the Staffordshire Terrier do not rise. In this case, they are placed by the “horning” method. The shells are lifted with pencils, foam curlers, adhesive plaster. How exactly. the doctor or breeder will tell.
- redness and rash;
- pus formation.
These signs indicate negative consequences. If they appear, you need to urgently contact your veterinarian.
Features of the preparation and conduct of cupping
Before performing the operation, the dog needs to be prepared. Stafford should be:
- completely healthy. only dogs in ideal physical condition are cut off, after the illness and before the operation, at least a week should pass;
- vaccinated according to the timing: the optimal time, after which the intervention can be carried out, is the end of the vaccine quarantine;
- processed from parasites. no later than 10 days before manipulation.
Amstaff should not be fed 12 hours before the procedure. Otherwise, it will begin to vomit after the introduction of anesthesia.
- the puppy is given general anesthesia, they wait until he falls asleep;
- stitches and bandages are applied to the cut sites to prevent profuse bleeding;
- cropped ears according to the pattern.
The shape of the ears is chosen individually. It is best to have the resection performed by a veterinarian recommended by the breeder, as there are different types of surgery and techniques for performing it. By doing the manipulation with a trusted doctor, the owner can expect the desired exterior.
If it is undesirable to take the puppy outside or he is very afraid, you can crock his ears at home. Some clinics provide this service. But it should be borne in mind that this increases the risk of infection. it is almost impossible to comply with all the rules of asepsis and antiseptics in a living room.
Ear cropping in staff puppies
Ear cropping in the staff was previously considered mandatory and was stipulated by the breed standard. Today it is a cosmetic procedure, the need for which is hotly debated. Some owners claim that it will save the dog from injuries and infections, while others attribute the operation to a cruel and useless intervention.
What does resection bring more. benefit or harm, how it is carried out and how much it costs is described in the article.
The cost of the procedure
- veterinary clinic pricing policy;
- the age of the puppy. the older he is, the more expensive the resection is;
- the quality of the materials used. mainly anesthesia and stitches;
- the location of the procedure. you will have to pay an additional 500. 1,000 rubles for calling a doctor at home.
Average. The minimum will have to pay 1,000 rubles, the maximum is 6,000 rubles. Correction of previously incorrectly cropped ears costs more. 10,000 r.
Ear cropping for a Staffordshire Terrier is a purely cosmetic procedure today. over, in America and European countries, the operation is a pretext for disqualifying the dog and fining the owner. But in Russia, it is allowed to carry out resection, and whether to do it or not is up to each owner individually.
Docking the tail in dogs
The procedure for docking some breeds is carried out most often for a cosmetic purpose. to preserve the exterior fixed for a given breed. And if tail docking in hunting or service dogs is justified by necessity, then in relation to representatives of small breeds, such as the miniature poodle, griffon, toy terrier, Yorkshire terrier and some others, this excuse is at least ridiculous.
If the operation is performed under general anesthesia, then alcohol chloroform is injected by inhalation. ether anesthesia and neuroleptic vagolytic. Vagolytic is usually used on short-nosed dogs to reduce salivation and normalize the heart response to inhalation of anesthesia. Also, animals with a short muzzle are intubated to avoid tongue sinking and to ensure free circulation of oxygen and anesthesia.
The length of the tip removed is usually dependent on breed and conformation. Hair is removed from the tail, the skin is pulled as much as possible to the base of the tail, and with the help of bone scissors or a scalpel, amputation is performed, making an incision between the vertebrae. The skin is pulled over the stump and sutured with a skin suture. The wound is treated with an antibiotic, and the surrounding skin is treated with an antiseptic. A sterile dressing is applied.
At what age to dock the tail of a dog
- 3-10 days. Veterinarians recommend docking the tail in puppies in the first 3-10 days from birth. During this period, ossification of the tail vertebrae has not yet occurred and pain sensitivity is lower than in older dogs. Such puppies are operated without anesthesia and without stitches. The breeder or owner is obliged to ensure that the mother of the puppies does not lick the wound, so it will take longer to heal. In this case, the operated animals are isolated and brought only at the time of feeding.
- from 10 days. In dogs 10 days and older, surgery is performed under local or general anesthesia. The animal is placed on the operating table in the “prone” position. The hind and front legs are tied, allowing access to the operating field. A fixing tape is pulled across the body. Jaws are tied with a bandage or muzzle.
- 3-4 weeks. If the animal is more than 3-4 weeks old, then a tourniquet is applied to the base of the tail.
The second method of docking is to tug the tail with an elastic band for a period of 2 to 7 days. In this case, the access of blood to the tip of the tail is blocked and, after a certain time, it falls off. This technique is considered more humane than surgical removal, but in the absence of objective data on the dog’s sensations, it is difficult to agree with this statement.
Docking method by pulling the tail with an elastic band
Although it is believed that a puppy’s undeveloped nervous system protects him from pain, research shows that the puppy is in pain. After amputation, the puppy whines strongly for another 15-20 minutes and only then calms down. The older the dog is, the harder it is to tolerate the procedure. The owner should consider whether it is worth subjecting the animal to such an injury.
The healing process takes a long time. During this time, the stump must be treated with antiseptics. When stopping in a veterinary hospital, postoperative complications are rare. Opponents of cupping argue against the procedure.
How is the cupping procedure
Brief history of the operation
There are many historical documents confirming the antiquity of the practice of docking tails. In his notes on agriculture, De re rustica, the ancient Roman writer Lucius Junius M. Columella describes the practice of removing part of the tail in shepherd dogs. The peasants believed that such a measure would save the animal from rabies.
The tails of hunting dogs were cut off so that they would not hurt them when meeting a predator on the undergrowth, while chasing prey. For burrowing dogs, the tail is removed so that it does not interfere with movement in a narrow burrow, etc. The reasons are clear. But is it only these considerations that limit the practice of cupping?
It turns out that in addition to the safety of hunting dogs, the motive for the docking was a financial issue. In Old England, in the 18th century, a tax was introduced on all dogs, with the exception of service dogs. The short tail was a sign that the owner of the animal was exempt from tax. To save money, dogs of other “professions” were also chopped tails. Poachers docked the tails of their dogs so that in the event of a capture, they would avoid responsibility, because in those days it was believed that a long tail was a sign of a hunting dog.
Sheepdogs docked the lush tails of the shepherd dogs so that they would not be injured during the fight with the wolves, but another reason was the unwillingness to clean the tail of the ferocious defenders of the flock of debris and thorns. A dog without a tail was considered a shepherd dog, and its owner was also exempt from tax. This is evidenced by DD Wood in his Illustrated Natural History. And when in the XVIII century. this law was abolished, then the practice remained, as there was a stereotype of the exterior of some breeds.
Currently, cosmetic tail docking in dogs is prohibited in some European countries. The permit applies only to dogs that serve in:
- law enforcement agencies;
- the armed forces;
- emergency services;
- deratization services (destruction of rodents, in particular rats).
The Law on the Protection of Animals (2006) stipulates that the tail docking must be done by specialists, and the operation must be carried out within 5 days from the date of birth of the puppy.
How does tail docking affect an animal
The effect of the cupping operation on pain sensitivity in puppies is not scientifically confirmed in the future, but:
- sensitivity. Experiments carried out on rats have shown that trauma to the nerve when crossing it at an early age negatively affects the sensitivity of the stump.
- motor skills. Some scientists argue that removing the caudal vertebrae can weaken the animal’s motor skills.
- diuresis. Anatomically, the tail is a counterweight and, having lost it, the dog not only acquires a dysfunction of the musculoskeletal system, but also a pathology of urinary function.
- lumbar and pelvic region. Abnormal, from a physiological point of view, the distribution of the load on the lumbar and pelvic regions leads to muscle atrophy and deformation of the fingers of the hind limbs, the formation of intervertebral hernias.
- communication with relatives. Certain problems are caused by the absence of a tail when communicating with other dogs. It is noted that tribesmen react to bobtail dogs differently than to animals with a normal tail. Experiments have been carried out using a robot dog. It was found that dogs with a short tail were approached less often and were more aggressive. It is believed that the absence of a tail as a means of communication makes communication between animals difficult.
- aggression. In addition, statistics claim that individuals with a docked tail are more aggressive, not inclined to communicate, and suffer from behavioral disorders.
Although there is no scientific study of this problem, it can be established that tail amputation does not go unnoticed for the animal.