When is it more convenient for owners to pick up puppies??
So, it is recommended to separate the baby from his mother after 8 weeks. But ideally, this should happen closer to 12 weeks. Indeed, by three months, the young will already be vaccinated, the period of formation of immunity after vaccination will pass. And the dog will become more independent, curious, its activity and desire to learn about the world around it will increase. This is very important for the owner, because it is difficult to raise a puppy who himself does not yet know how to eat, is unfamiliar with different types of food, which is fraught with digestive disorders, which means additional troubles for the owner. It is better to take a three-month-old puppy even if the owner is working, he is absent for at least 8 hours. At this age, the dog can be at home for a long time, amusing himself with toys. In addition, he also sleeps a lot at this age.
If we are talking about a breeding doggie, then at the age of eight weeks, the exterior properties are not yet fully formed. So it is difficult to discern the vices. In order not to be mistaken, it is still worth taking a puppy to a new home closer to 12 weeks of age.
Age and independence of doggies
There are several aspects to be guided by when buying a puppy from a breeder, taking it from the owner. If we talk about legal, then the rules of the Russian Kennel Federation state that pedigree dogs receive their documents at the age of 45 days. This means that when the dog turns 6 weeks old, you can come to the kennel and choose the one you like, get documents for it. However, the physiological aspect of puppy maturation is different from the legal one. From the age of one month, a young pet can eat independently, not depend on the mother in this regard. But it is better at the age of one month not to rush to give the puppy to the owner, because it is too early. As with breastfeeding babies, it is also best for puppies to have this period longer. Breeders and veterinarians recommend waiting at least 8 weeks and then removing the dog from the mother. He needs to be given time to adapt to normal food, gradually reducing breastfeeding. This shift in nutrition will be more prudent. The puppy’s stomach will move it more easily.
And also, taking the doggie from the mother after 8 weeks, you will not violate both natural development and its socialization. During the period of its adaptation to life outside the mother’s womb, the puppy is protected by antibodies that come with the bitch’s milk. These substances, important for the young body, do not allow the dog to get sick, make it possible to grow physically healthy: gain weight, strengthen muscles, develop the organs of hearing, eyes, and normal functioning of the gastrointestinal tract. This is why puppies should not be separated from their mother early.
At this age, changes in the dog’s behavior begin to occur. She loses energy, becomes unable to quickly execute some commands, sometimes does not want to be alone for a long time, suffers from sleep disturbances. Alone, he can howl or bark for a long time, does not observe cleanliness (inflammatory bowel disease, bladder, etc.). Possible impairment of vision and hearing. Some dogs may react nervously to various noises. You must be ready for these changes, accept them naturally, and stock up on understanding and patience. Constant contact with a veterinarian is required.
Aging your pet will require patience and understanding.
At what age is it better to take your puppy home?
We agree: this is not our first publication on this topic. Why? The fact is that the question is still relevant, and potential owners of dogs are keenly interested in it. In addition, scientific research on this issue is constantly being carried out, in which leading experts and veterinarians are involved. One of them was completed recently. We bring the results to your attention.
The study was conducted under the auspices of the British Veterinary Association. In general, the results were expected and predictable, but the scientists coped with their task. Experts tried to understand and check the existing point of view that puppies can be safely weaned from their mother (accordingly, they are completely ready to start an independent life) at the age of one month. What did the study show? So, a month-old puppy in a new home will certainly not die. But he will face numerous difficulties in terms of socialization, and in the near future. behavioral problems.
About the causes of behavioral problems. At the age of one month, the puppy is still very small and depends heavily on its mother, including in psycho-emotional terms. When a baby is weaned from his mother so early, he receives severe psychological trauma, feels abandoned and abandoned. By the way, many owners tell about this. how much such puppies “miss”. Many of them never recover from the consequences of such injuries. Puppies begin to whine, howl, bark, show destructive behavior. that is, gnaw and destroy everything that catches your eye. And this is not so bad. some dogs develop aggression, a tendency to bite. Many animals that took part in the study showed fear before every walk, became incredibly sensitive to external noises, “chased” their tails, and showed increased anxiety. In turn, puppies that were weaned from their mother at the age of two months or older, in the vast majority did not show the above problems. Conclusions suggest themselves!
Absolutely all puppies go through a “difficult period”. And this is also a given, which should be resigned to. The difficult period of socialization, acquaintance with the world around, other people, dogs are experienced and go through absolutely everything. And the sooner the puppy is introduced to the new world, the better. It was at the age of two months, as the study showed, that a kind of laying of the future temperament, the foundations of the personality and behavior of the dog, takes place.
What to do? So, the optimal age to take your puppy home is 2 months, no less. Remember that the baby still has a very fragile digestive system, so ask the breeder what food your pet was getting. If possible, do not change it for at least another week; introduce new feed carefully and gradually to avoid serious disturbances.
Puppies are very curious, they are always happy to study and explore something. Take care of creating a comfortable environment. Eliminate even potential hazards. If you have other pets, make sure that the new acquaintance will be pleasant for everyone. If you have the slightest doubt, it is better to postpone your acquaintance! As soon as you bring your puppy home for the first time, just let him out and let him get a little more comfortable with it. Then offer some familiar food and drink. Try to control your baby. Do not forget that at any moment he can “get bored”. you will have to balance literally on the edge. Just be there!
The next important step is vaccinations. The puppy should not be released until the last vaccination has been completed and you have received the go-ahead from the treating veterinarian. With breast milk, the puppy already had some protection, but by the age of eight weeks (and even with weaning), your baby was again open to all adversity. In the meantime, until the last vaccination, keep the puppy at home and try to keep him from communicating with other dogs.
At the end of the article, we note that the most preferable option is to take a dog from a responsible breeder. Before buying, ask him in what conditions your “chosen one” grew up, what he ate, at what age he stopped drinking his mother’s milk. The later he was weaned from his mother, the better. This means you have a much better chance of raising a healthy and sociable pet.
How to feed a puppy between 1 and 4 weeks of age.
From 1 to 2 weeks Puppies begin to eat less often, gain weight rapidly, and the mother begins to leave the puppies alone for short periods of time. Puppies begin to hear, and on the 12th day they start gas. Small dogs become much more mobile and it is not easy to collect them in a heap for a long time. The second week is the easiest to care for the puppies. Not much is required from the owner: Make sure that the bitch does not step on the puppy Keep the room warm Change the litter as it gets dirty Feed the dog well From 2 to 3 weeks By the third week, the puppies become surprisingly nimble, visually recognizing the mother, owner and their brothers, therefore, as soon as you enter the room with puppies, they will immediately come up to you.
By the end of the third week, feed the puppies. An adult dog can teach puppies to eat adult food in a peculiar way that usually confuses owners. After dinner, the dog burps food, offering it to the puppies, and, as a rule, puppies are delighted with such a meal. It should be noted that this is completely normal. In any case, puppies should be offered fresh food.
Since the teeth in dogs appear only at 4 weeks, the food should be of a mushy liquid consistency. Puppies can be given very boiled rice, mixed with chopped boiled chicken fillets. Producers of dry feeds offer special feeds for the first complementary feeding for the owners of the bitch who has given birth. Of course, you need to give dry food in a soaked warm form. From 3 to 4 weeks In dogs at this age, teeth begin to cut and they switch to self-feeding. Here a new difficulty appears. when the puppies begin to eat solid food, the dog stops cleaning up after them, so the hygiene issue is completely assigned to the owner.
By 4 weeks old, you need to set up an aviary for the puppies, in which the puppies will sleep and spend most of their time. It can be a large cardboard box lined with oilcloth or linoeum. You need to put a clean cloth on the linoleum, which will need to be renewed and washed daily. Gradually, the mother’s dog’s interest in puppies is replaced by indifference, and sometimes a desire to avoid attention from their side.
And, finally, the time when the breeder can rest a little and get a lot of positive emotions from communicating with his pets: caring for puppies at the age of one to two months.
Each age period in the development of a dog is of great importance in its life. Your task is to take into account the peculiarities of each period, so as not to be mistaken when raising, training and keeping a pet.
During the life of a dog under the age of 1 year, a lot of changes occur: it grows, physically develops, forms certain features of individual behavior, habits, inclinations. The main thing for you is not to miss all the features of the age periods of growth and development, to have time to effectively use all the opportunities for the education and formation of the dog’s character.
When a dog reaches the age of 1–1.5 years, it is necessary to work with it, work and work again so that your further life together will develop happily. A novice dog breeder should especially carefully study this chapter in order to avoid mistakes, often later irreparable. Let’s conditionally divide the life of a dog from the moment of birth to old age into eight periods. The duration of each of them depends on the individual characteristics of the animal, the conditions of keeping, growing, upbringing and initial training.
The vital processes of the dog’s body during this period are carried out with the help of unconditioned (determined by nature) reflexes. Puppies are deaf and blind, cannot live independently without the constant care of their mother, but they are able to find nipples and suck milk, crawl, feel changes in air temperature, respond to external touches, actively gain weight, sleep most of the day. By 16-18 days, babies begin to perceive the world around them little by little, hearing, vision, first conditioned reflexes appear, a certain life experience accumulates. By 19-21 days the dog is able to stand, walk a little, then run, react to light and sound. Socialization and primary learning of life begins in a constantly changing external environment. The puppy fixes in its consciousness the images of other dogs (of its own kind) and a human partner. In the first period of socialization, puppies develop the concept of “we”, they try to explore everything, play a lot, get tired quickly, but recover just as quickly.
Life processes in puppies are controlled by unconditioned and primary conditioned reflexes (by sight and smell of food, defensive). Primary socialization continues, babies are actively gaining weight. When the situation changes, the puppies are immediately alert, but the speed of their responses is low. Gradually, babies begin to move away from their mother and get acquainted with the environment, continue to accumulate life experience and play. They develop different behavioral responses.
By this time, the puppies are ready for independent life and transfer to their owners, who take full responsibility for their care, education and training. From about 1.5 months of age, the second period of socialization begins (it may overlap with the first period), ending at the age of about 5 months. The formation of individual qualities is in progress, the puppies acquire their own “I”. Exploratory activity, independence and play behavior increase dramatically.
If the puppy is taken by the owner at the age of 1 month, he needs to provide certain communication with peers (this is difficult, but necessary). The lack of games with peers at this age will negatively affect the development of the dog in the future. Playing with you completely will not be able to give the puppy the physical and emotional stress that he can receive from direct contact with other dogs. Now the puppy is ready for active friendly communication with any person. The concept of “alien” is absent. It is during this period that dogs are especially susceptible to social restrictions due to the mandatory veterinary requirements for vaccination, during which it is impossible to leave the apartment for an average of up to 4 months.
And finally, the puppy is taken out into the street. Under quarantine conditions, he was deprived of basic needs. in information about other dogs and communication with them. Therefore, a certain discomfort occurs in his fragile psyche. It is in the second period of socialization that he must learn to understand the behavior of other dogs, remember many poses, various facial expressions and understand what they mean. What is really going on? The second period of socialization ends, and the puppy has not mastered all the wisdom, in the future it is very difficult to master it, and some dogs are not even able to do it. Therefore, at the first exit “into the light” the puppy may experience strong insecurity, fear, unwillingness to communicate with other dogs.
Yorkie Puppy Growing Up: 2 Months to a Year
All his life experience consists only of knowing his own apartment and its inhabitants. This period of development is most favorable for upbringing and primary education. Positive habits and conditioned reflexes are developed quickly and easily. The nervous system actively reacts to the favorable and unfavorable influences of the external environment. The general level of physical and emotional activity is quite high, therefore, orientation-exploratory behavior prevails in the activity of the puppy. Puppies begin to behave slightly differently from each other. They are affectionate and actively make contact, extremely curious. Restricting the puppy’s natural mobility and curiosity is highly undesirable. From 1.5–2 months, start accustoming the puppy to his nickname, cleanliness, the execution of the commands “Come to me!”, “Place!”, Play with objects, introduce the environment on walks. The puppy is often excited, but still cannot calm down quickly. Therefore, in order to avoid various nervous disorders, master the execution of the commands “Sit!”, “Lie down!”, “Do not!” at the end of the period, when the puppy can already show elementary inhibitory reactions.
To gain experience, familiarize yourself with the environment and correct physical development, take regular walks, gradually increasing in time, distance and complexity of the environment.
At the age of 1 to 3 months, a passive-defensive reaction is manifested to the action of painful (negative) stimuli, and an orientation-research reaction to the action of food (positive). Therefore, the initial training is constantly accompanied by food reinforcement (delicacy), and completely exclude painful effects.
From 2 to 3 months, continue teaching the puppy to cleanliness, teach the execution of the commands “Place!”, “Come to me!”. Start learning the commands “Sit!”, “Lie down!”, “Do not!”, Accustom to a harness and a leash, continue active walks and intense physical exercises.
From 3 to 4 months, continue learning the commands “Place!”, “Come to me!”, “Sit!”, “Lie down!”, “You must not!”, Increase the length and change the conditions of walks, master new games, gradually increase physical activity. Start learning how to move next to you on a leash on the command “Near!”, Performing the commands “Walk!”, “Show your teeth!”, “Aport!”, Wearing a collar, overcoming various low obstacles.
The puppy gradually becomes more and more independent, the formation of his individual behavior continues. The kid is restless and active, sometimes seeks to run away from you (a natural feature of the development of the body). Most owners are unaware of this feature and punish the dog, thereby breaking contact with it and creating problems for themselves in the future. In such situations, be sure to use the help of a specialist.!
From 4 to 5 months, continue to accustom the puppy to the leash and collar, practice the termination of unwanted actions by the command “No!”, The approach by the command “Come to me!” and a gesture, a landing on the command “Aport!”, landing on the command “Sit!”, laying down on the command “Lie down!”, a stand on the command “Stand!”, showing teeth on the command “Show your teeth!”. Start learning the command “Near!” on a leash with a change in the pace and direction of movement, the command “Walk!” by voice and gesture, jumping over various obstacles 25–30 cm high, through a ditch 25–30 cm deep and 30 cm wide at the command “Forward!”. From 5 to 6 months, continue working on previously learned skills. Begin learning to endure in sitting, lying and standing positions, overcoming obstacles 35–40 cm high and ditches of the same width on the command “Forward!”, Landing, laying and standing in combination with commands and gestures.
The final formation of the individual characteristics of the puppy’s behavior continues and its puberty begins. The behavior of a young dog begins to match its gender. The puppy grows up, begins to separate everyone around him according to the principle “friend or foe”. The final stage of socialization is coming. Your pet gets acquainted with dogs of different behavior, learns to assess the level of potential danger and, accordingly, choose its line of behavior. At the age of 6 to 8 months, introduce into the training process the gradual complication of working out the learned skills. At this time, do not present the dog with demands that are unbearable for its age (special clarity must be observed when executing commands, long exposure).
At this time, the final formation of the character of the dog takes place, all its potentialities are revealed.
A small dog is defenseless against infection. The recommended age for vaccinations is 8-12 weeks. Vaccinations for puppies by age. Therefore, act according to the situation. If the breeder and you live in the same settlement, it is wiser to take the dog, give it time to adapt, deworm if the previous owners did not do it and vaccinate.
You will have time to get the second immunization by 12 weeks, wait for the correct antibody titer to develop and start walking the dog.
If the breeder lives far away and you have to travel, it is better not to risk it and take the puppy vaccinated. For such cases, the Nobivac Puppy vaccine is provided. She is vaccinated with a baby at 6 weeks, after 14 days they put Nobivac DHP. and the breeder can give the puppies away without fear for their own reputation. At home, after adaptation, inoculate with DHPPi RL biological products or analogues that your veterinarian advises.
At what age to pick up a puppy
You want to buy a dog, have chosen a breeder, but have not yet decided when to pick up a puppy?
There are many pros and cons, and I will help you make a choice that is convenient for you and safe for your baby’s health. I will tell you when the cub is ready for independent life from a physiological point of view. How a personality is formed in communication with peers and relatives. We will figure out what to do with vaccinations: get an unvaccinated puppy or wait for the breeder to immunize him.
About socializing puppies
Socialization begins at three weeks of age and lasts up to 50 days. The cub learns to feel like a dog. To do this, he must be kept with his mother and littermates. The puppy learns the world through games with his own kind.
At an early age, the cubs mimic cages. If the kid does not learn this, he will not make a good stud dog. In games, the puppy learns how to curb the aggression of a relative by adopting a posture of submission.
His mother teaches him the rules of behavior. If the puppy does something unworthy, the bitch looks at him condemningly. When such calls to order are not brought to order, growls or light bites are used. The mother teaches the cub to obey. If the baby has developed a habit of obedience, he will easily succumb to training and obey the owner.
Therefore, do not pick up the puppy from the mother before 49 days.
From 7 to 12 weeks of age, the puppy socializes among humans. If you pick him up later, he will focus on life among dogs and will not recognize the owners. Such a dog is poorly trained, willful.
During this period of time, teach the puppy to communicate with children, travel by car. Start walking your pet before the age of three months. During this time, he will be able to get used to the noise and city life. Adolescents who are first taken out into the streets later in life develop cowardice that is not easy to eradicate.
Start raising your dog without waiting for it to grow up. It is in the interval from 7 to 12 weeks that experienced dog handlers give away puppies. This is the best time for social adaptation. Another argument for purchasing a puppy between 50 and 80 days old.
Puppy age and independence
You already know that a seven-week-old dog can self-feed. Find out from the breeder what he fed the puppy, try not to transfer him to another diet for two weeks. Note that your pet needs to be fed at least four times a day. If you’re at work all the time, don’t take your dog. The pet can be left for a long time from 11 weeks of age, while the feeding frequency should be equal to three.
Purchase an automatic feeder and train your baby to eat dry pellets. In this case, it will be possible to leave him alone.
Please note that the puppy begins to choose a permanent place for the departure of natural needs from eight weeks of age. Therefore, accustom him to diapers or an absorbent mat. At this time, the pet will be in quarantine due to routine vaccination, it is dangerous to walk it. Caring for a baby will take a long time. If you don’t have one, pick up a puppy 11-12 weeks of age or older.
Dogs are born blind, toothless, deaf. Two-week-old cubs become interested in solid food that the mother regurgitates. From the age of three weeks, the babies get out of the nest and treat themselves to the bitch from the feeder. The transition from liquid food to solid food occurs gradually, the digestive enzymes of the monthly dog are ready to assimilate natural products or ready-made feed.
However, babies continue to suckle for up to six to eight weeks. With colostrum, newborns receive immunoglobulins, which cross the barrier between the intestine and the circulatory system for the only time in their life. Colostral antibodies supply lasts up to 6-8 weeks.
Milk is free of immune bodies, but biologically active substances are present. A month-old cub most of all needs not material, but spiritual food. maternal education, communication with peers. A personality is being formed. Therefore, do not pick up your baby until 50 days old. It is at this age that responsible breeders sell puppies.
When choosing the age at which the puppy can be taken away from the mother, decide for what purpose you need a pet. If we are talking about a service dog or an animal that will participate in breeding, take it 8-12 weeks old. If you need a companion for your time, take your time.
At what age to pick up a puppy?
Before taking a puppy, every owner asks himself the question: at what age is it better to take a puppy? This question is very important, since in different situations the recommendations for the age of the puppy will differ depending on the composition of the family, the occupation of the owner, age, opportunities and preferences.
Perhaps it is worth starting with the misconception that the puppy should be picked up the sooner the better. Weaning the puppy too early can cause serious problems for both the puppy and the owner.
So, when the puppy was only one month old, he already seems to be quite independent: the dog no longer feeds the puppies, less often licks them, the puppy is able to eat independently. This creates the illusion that they are old enough to be in a new family at this age. Despite the fact that they no longer feed on milk and are able to explore the world, puppies have no other independence in one month. They are still dependent on the mother and the breeder.
From three to seven weeks, puppies experience the so-called period of primary socialization. Mom brings up the puppies, teaching them the necessary rules of behavior in a dog pack, including teaching them to cleanliness in the den. They learn to behave like dogs. to fight, bark, play. But most importantly, they learn the body language of their relatives, postures, movements, sounds. Puppies learn the laws of hierarchy and correct behavior with the older ones in the pack.
Also, a puppy at this age does not have primary vaccination. Remaining in his familiar environment, he is less likely to catch an infection and get sick. By assigning a puppy to a new place of residence, the owner risks the puppy’s immature immunity.
The optimal age for moving a puppy to a new home is considered to be between 2 and 3 months of age. At this age, the first vaccinations have already been made, the puppy has been trained in canine laws in his flock. He is quite formed, his immunity has become stronger, the puppy is ready to perceive a new life for him.
There is an opinion that it is better not to take puppies older than 3 months. However, acquiring a puppy after three months has some advantages over 2–3 month old puppies. So with a puppy older than 3 months, you can already walk, since he is fully vaccinated at this age. Such puppies quickly learn to the street, which will save the owners from countless puddles and heaps. This option is perfect when there are small children in the house. Children will no longer be able to cause him unpleasant sensations, and the puppy himself is able to stand up for himself or hide from them.
Puppies 6-8 months of age have already managed to live in a pack of dogs and are very happy to be alone in the house. These dogs become very attached to their owners rather quickly. At this age, the character of the puppy is already clearly visible, its future growth is determined, a change of teeth has occurred. Taking a puppy at this age, you get an actually grown dog of the appearance you need. As a rule, at this age, puppies already walk on a leash, are accustomed to the street, know some commands.
At what age to buy a dog, everyone decides for himself, weighing his capabilities and preferences.
At what age is it better to take a puppy?
Before taking a puppy, the owner wonders at what age it is better to get it. This question is very important, since in different cases the recommendations will differ. depending on the composition of the family, the owner’s employment, his age and many other factors.
Perhaps, you need to start with a very common, but nevertheless erroneous opinion that the puppy should be picked up the sooner the better. Weaning the puppy too early can lead to problems for both the pet and its owners.
Can I pick up a puppy if he is a month old? The puppy is one month old. The dog no longer feeds or licks the puppies, they begin to feed on their own. This creates the illusion that they are old enough to be in a new family. But besides the fact that they no longer feed on milk and can explore the world, puppies have no other independence in one month. They are still dependent on the mother and the breeder.
The most important thing that bitch owners often forget is that she continues to raise puppies, teaching them the necessary rules of behavior in a dog pack. Including keeping the nest clean.
In addition, the so-called period of primary socialization of puppies occurs from three to seven weeks. They learn to behave like dogs. to fight, to bark. But most importantly, they learn the body language of their relatives, postures, movements, sounds. Without this knowledge, the life of a dog will be difficult, and most likely, at a certain stage, it will have mental problems.
Puppies learn the laws of hierarchy and correct behavior with the elders in the pack. If we consider that the owner for the dog must become a leader, then a puppy who has not received these skills may refuse to obey the owner.
But the biggest argument against buying a one-month-old puppy is the lack of an initial vaccination. Therefore, for the owner, this is a great risk that the puppy can become seriously ill.
When to take a puppy? The optimal age for moving a puppy to a new home is the moment when he turns 50-60 days old. The first vaccinations have already been made, the puppy has been trained in canine laws together with his littermates. He is strong enough and ready to accept a new life for him. In most cases, the age from 2 to 3 months is the most optimal.
An exception may be situations when the owner for reasons cannot take such a puppy or there are small children in the house. In this case, it is better to pick up the puppy later. at 4–5 months. Children will no longer be able to cause him unpleasant sensations, and the puppy himself is able to stand up for himself or hide from them. At this age, puppies learn very quickly and are already walking. Therefore, the owners are deprived of many problems at once.
For older people, purchasing a puppy at 3-4 months is also optimal. The advantages are that you can walk with an already vaccinated puppy. He is accustomed to a certain diet and feeding regimen. Knows some commands and learns new things easily. But it is much easier for an elderly person to cope with a puppy that has not yet grown up, as well as transporting him to a veterinary clinic for examination and the necessary procedures.
Therefore, before agreeing with the breeder about the day when you are going to come for your ward, take into account all the pros and cons, without discounting either your regime or circumstances, or the interests and capabilities of the family, or your age. A good breeder will always get in the right place and be able to overexpose the puppy until the required date.
What’s best for the owners
Each age when puppies are taken away from the mother has its own characteristics that the owner needs to take into account, and based on this, make a purchase decision.
At the age of one month, the pet will cost much less, since the breeder has not yet had time to invest heavily in its feeding and vaccination. In addition, the future owner will be presented with a large selection, for example, this is relevant if we are talking about the breed of husky and husky dogs, which are quite expensive.
As a rule, this is where all the pros end. The disadvantage of purchasing a puppy at the age of one month will be the obligation to protect the pet from a number of diseases, to vaccinate and endure the transition of the dog to food.
Important! The owner will have to independently get a veterinary passport. The downside is that at this age it is difficult to determine the character of the baby.
From a legal point of view
Breeders prepare a full package of documents for the dog to reach 45 days of life. From this time, from a legal point of view, the sale should be carried out. But ready-made accompanying documents do not mean that the dog is ready to leave its mother and go to live with a new family. And breeders do not always wait for the animals to achieve this age criterion.
Important! When buying a puppy with documents, it is important to check them carefully for the new owner.
Puppy under 2 months old
Such a baby needs special attention. With his lack, he will whine until he is in the arms of his master. In addition, it can get sick more often due to weakened immunity, and its owner will have to follow the vaccination schedule.
The baby is still afraid of the world around him. At the same time, fear is inherent not only in small breeds, for example, Chihuahuas, Spitz and others, but also in large dogs.
What is the best age to take a puppy: tips and features
Of course, the age criterion for each owner is different, but at a certain stage of life the animal has its own characteristics that must be taken into account. Also, for personal reassurance from the breeder, you can find out at what age you can give puppies without fear for their health.
Breast milk is the best source of nutrients for a puppy
At what age are puppies given away and taken away from their mother?
Having a pet is a crucial step, because the dog will become a close friend for the next 15 years. That is why the future owner needs to take a responsible approach to the purchase and know what to look for when choosing a puppy.
Dog 2-3 months old
Such an animal will get used to a new owner and this is often difficult. Indeed, some individuals are already beginning to manifest their character and their own demeanor at this time.
It is necessary to create comfortable conditions for the baby.
At what age should you pick up your puppy??
A new four-legged friend is an incredibly joyful event for new owners, no matter how old the pet is.
But for the correct development of the puppy, it is still worth adhering to the recommendations for weaning it from the mother. After all, a puppy is the same child and he also needs a mother, although not as long as our children.
The Russian Cynological Federation formally allows the sale of puppies from the 45th day of life, but recommends waiting up to 2.5-3 months. The official position of the RKF is connected with the lower permissible threshold, when a small dog can already feed on its own. Although it is already permissible to introduce complementary foods in the fourth week, the smoother this transition occurs for the puppy, the better for his health, in particular for digestion, because small puppies have very sensitive intestines to changes and they need time to get used to a new type of food. Experts recommend switching your toddler to fully balanced puppy food between 6 and 8 weeks.
Also at this time, the puppy is actively socializing. He learns to communicate with his brothers and sisters and receives love and warmth from his mother. This period is absolutely necessary for the psyche of the dog, so that in the future it will not have problems in interacting with representatives of its own species. Right now, the baby begins to distinguish “his” from everyone else. Therefore, RKF advises not to rush to wean the puppies from the mother, but to do it gradually.
Accustoming to the presence of a person also occurs at the age of 1-2 months. At this time, breeders usually regularly measure the height and weight of a growing dog, try to play with him. and after such moments the puppy begins to perceive people as another kind of “his” creatures, learning to interact, but at the same time not yet emotionally attached to specific people. After all, dogs also have emotional intelligence, according to which an adult dog can be compared to about a three-year-old child.
Orphaned puppies who were left without a mother at birth and did not find owners immediately are usually warmed and fed either in a shelter or under conditions of overexposure. For such cubs it does not matter at what age you take them to yourself. here the principle “the sooner the better” is more likely to apply. Abandoned babies have a heightened sense of danger, so their warm home, their constant smells, sensations, images can have a therapeutic effect on them.
If you are thinking about whether to take an already grown up puppy (5–6 months), then take it if your heart “skips” when you look at it. Of course, it will take a little longer for the teenager to get used to the new environment, and it will be a little more difficult to establish emotional contact with him than with a tiny puppy. But if you take such a puppy from a breeder, then he, most likely, will already be familiar with the simplest commands and skills, accustomed to walking and socialized. Take something from the breeder that the puppy loves, for example, a toy or bedding, with which he associates the house: this will make it easier for the baby to get used to the new place.
The main thing that a dog needs at any age is care and a sense of security. Having received this, the four-legged friend will give you unlimited love and devotion for many years.
Choosing a Yorkshire Terrier puppy
Choosing a Yorkshire Terrier puppy is a responsible and difficult task. York puppy’s coat is very different from the standard. It may seem to a beginner that puppies are all the same. How to choose the best one? How to determine the future character of a puppy, what to look for when choosing a little Yorick?
RAISING TINY YORKIE PUPPIES ♡ Age 3. 12 Weeks
You have definitely decided that you are ready and want to have a dog. And your choice fell on the beautiful Yorkshire Terrier breed. How to choose a Yorkie puppy? Carefully read the excerpts from the standard, take a look at the appendix and familiarize yourself with the official RKF standard. After that, you can go to the Yorkshire Terrier show. At the exhibition you can see what you have read about. This is a great opportunity to understand what the breed standard is. If possible, talk to some of the owners, but only after the end of the rings. Perhaps already at the exhibition you will choose the future mother of your pet.
If no choice is made. Then we start searching through the ads. There are two opposite opinions about who to buy a puppy from:
The puppy must be bought in reputable kennels or clubs, which is a guarantee of the thoroughbred and health of the dog.
For a puppy from the kennel they take an overpriced price, but in fact there are good puppies just among dog lovers who also participate in exhibitions, are sensitive to the issue of selection, but for one reason or another were not included in the well-known club.
Both of these opinions are correct in their own way. Any theory can be proven and can be refuted, there are always pros and cons. Of course, the price of dogs in large kennels can be much higher. But buying a puppy from a titled dog, you get a guarantee that the dog exactly meets the standard of the Yorkshire Terrier breed, it is healthy, because gets proper care. You can only recommend your name with a good result.
However, there may be a big drawback here. Some owners treat their dogs in a very peculiar way (to put it mildly), like “births” or, as I call it, like a puppy machine. They may have one or two favorite dogs, and the rest, including puppies, is money. Hence the puppies, which at 3. 4 months do not understand elementary things, they do not know the words “on”, “no”, etc.
In the same time. There is no guarantee that even where the girl is alone there is no such attitude towards the dog. However, the fact that you can often read on the websites, that the puppy is cheaper and deserves less, is not entirely correct and everything is not so simple. We will not dwell on this issue anymore. You decide.
My opinion is that you need to rely on some objective indicators. Let’s try to figure it out.
First: at what age is it better to take a Yorkie? It is recommended to take at 2.3 months, at this time the necessary vaccinations have already been made, you can judge the health of the cheek, determine its temperament. Such a puppy adapts more easily to new conditions. However, if you buy a Yorkshire for the purpose of further breeding, then it is advised to purchase grown-up puppies, in any case, the animal should not be younger than 4-6 months. You will have at least some guarantee regarding the size of the animal. It is possible that a Yorkshire weighing less than two kg. without problems endure and give birth to puppies, but still there is a certain risk for such a small animal. Larger Yorkies are more suitable for breeding. If you do not have the opportunity to find an adult animal for breeding, then talk to the breeder: he will help you and choose a certain puppy from the litter.
On the other hand, no responsible breeder can guarantee that a given puppy, no matter how good it is on the day of sale, will be a champion. In addition to the qualities of the parents and the hereditary inclinations of the puppy itself, it is very important. feeding, upbringing, training (including handling), veterinary services, communication with other people and animals.
Having come to choose a puppy, you should pay attention to the cleanliness of the room where the puppy lived. Ask to see the conditions of the york. Puppies and their environment should make a good impression on you.
Babies must be vaccinated, have a veterinary passport with appropriate marks, have a tattoo, an exchange card for a puppy (puppy) with all the fields, numbers, signatures, stamps, breeder and RKF address filled in.
It may seem to a beginner that puppies are all the same. Therefore, you should look at the mother from the breeder. Usually each kennel has its own type of dog. The puppy will not always look like a mother, he may inherit his father’s blood. Despite the fact that there are light, almost silvery animals, there are also black Yorkshires. Standard color. dark bluish steel with golden tan. One litter may contain both mini and standard puppies.
All Yorkshire Terriers are born black and tan. Therefore, those who see puppies for the first time are surprised that they are not the same color as adult animals. The coat should be straight and shiny, legs. straight lines. The hind legs should not rest against each other or be turned with the heels inward. Ask the breeder to show the bite, the jaws should be the same and stand, if possible, scissor-like. this is the correct bite.
A healthy puppy, about 8 weeks old, has clear, shiny eyes and a black nose. An accidental white spot on the nasal mirror no longer changes and remains unchanged in an adult animal.
Not all York puppies have ears by the age of two months, but if you buy a puppy from thoroughbred parents, then there is no reason to worry, of course, if the puppy’s ears are not too large and heavy.
Ask the owner to put the puppy in a rack (an experienced breeder knows how to do this). Then lower it to the floor and examine it carefully. If the puppy’s back is not straight or with a hump, then this will continue in an adult dog.
You should not buy a puppy out of pity when you see that one of all has huddled in a corner and looks at you with frightened beautiful eyes. You run the risk of acquiring a puppy with the wrong psyche. Above all, choose a healthy, active puppy that is tough for its tiny size, cheerful, playful and agile. It should have a clean, shiny, flowing coat. Dandruff, flaking or redness of the skin, dry hair are all indications of trouble.
Depending on the purpose for which you are purchasing a puppy, the price will also change. Puppies conditionally differ into three types:
solid, high-quality breeding animal (breed)
participant of the most prestigious exhibitions (show-class).
Yorkie puppies change a lot as they develop and grow. We suggest you also read the article Development of a Yorkie puppy
Best age to move your puppy to a new home
A puppy is not a miniature copy of an adult dog. The puppy’s behavior is underdeveloped as well as his body. Just like the organs of his body, behavioral complexes begin to develop and intensify at certain moments of the puppy’s growing up. Breeders, sportsmen, hunters, as well as those who are involved in working with service dogs, dogs in a shelter, or owners who are going to take a puppy. purebred or mongrel, need to know the development time of a puppy. In each period of its development, the puppy must receive important experience for this time, so that it can form the behavior you need in the future.
Let me give you two examples. The puppy was born in the depths of a large park to a stray dog. He was caught at the age of 2 months and brought to the apartment. The veterinarian advised to get vaccinated and go outside after the end of quarantine. the owners managed to start walking with him only at 3 months. What behavior will the puppy exhibit? He quickly adapts in the apartment (unlike a puppy caught at 3 months and older). His ability to interact with people and learn will be normal in a familiar environment. The dog will have no problem teaching cleanliness by 6-7 months, as long as it is healthy. However, it is very likely that she will jump out into the street, quickly “do her business” and rush back into the house. Therefore, at first, the owners will have to take walks seriously, then it will still be possible to accustom her so that by 5 months this fear will become barely noticeable. Another expected problem is communication with congeners. Either the dog will avoid them and be afraid, or it will start barking at them from 5-7 months, and by 1.5 years old it will be aggressive towards all other people’s dogs, with the exception of a small circle of dogs-friends. The reason for this whole picture (with those problems that developed and those that were avoided) is that the puppy spent 2 to 3 months in quarantine (and not in “bad genes” or “homeless childhood”).
Second example. People buy a 5-month-old Yorkshire Terrier puppy from a kennel that has 5 more adult Yorkies, many puppies, and the breeder only cares about the health of the dogs, does not play with them or walk them. In such a puppy, we can expect serious problems with training to cleanliness in the house, fear of the street, difficulties in communicating with all dogs of an unusual appearance. Training a Yorkie will be possible, but you will have to cope with a number of difficulties: it will be more difficult to attract and retain the dog’s attention, avoidance of hands, lack of initiative (the dog will “offer” few options for behavior), rapid loss of interest in toys.
So, in the first case, if the owners knew about the developmental periods of the puppy, they might prefer not to incubate the quarantine at home, and avoid the development of problem behavior. In the second case, little depended on the owners. They could either refuse to buy such a puppy, or decide in advance that they are ready to spend time and energy on correcting the dog’s behavior (as far as possible. another story). In the second case, the breeder could be more serious about the development of the puppies if he knew what to do (and would like to do it).
Puppies are born blind and deaf. They are able to crawl, look for a warm mother’s side, suck milk and curl up around each other. The mother spends almost all the time in constant tactile contact with the puppies: she lies down on her belly, licks, nudges them with her nose. How caring the mother of the puppies is has an impact on the activity of the offspring at a young age, but not in adulthood. as they get older, the influence of other factors becomes more significant. It happens that puppies become orphans. Of course, it would be ideal to find a nursing dog for them. When this cannot be done, then people strive to create constant tactile contact for puppies. if there are several puppies, then between puppies, if there is only one puppy, then the first weeks it is carried in a sling, spending 23 hours a day with it. Now I will not go into the details of the technique of raising orphan puppies, I will only note that if the puppies receive sufficient tactile stimulation in the first weeks of life, and later. during the period of socialization. sufficient communication with their relatives, then from other dogs orphan puppies to adulthood theoretically should not differ in anything. Practically. everything turns out differently, but not because the puppy was deprived of its mother, but because people rarely manage to spend time and enough socialization of an orphan puppy.
It is believed that puppies first open their ears, and then their eyes. But in terms of behavior, the opposite is true: first, puppies begin to respond to visual stimuli, and then to sound. Eyes open in puppies at different ages, it depends most of all on congenital and individual characteristics. Some puppies have their eyes fully open at 7 days, but 60-80% of puppies open their eyes at 13-14 days of life. The opening of the eyes (and not the exact age of 13 days, as is often mistakenly said), marks the end of the neonatal period and the beginning of a transitional period in the development of the baby.
Interesting research has been carried out over the years in a German Shepherd Police Kennel in Sweden. On a warm litter, puppies at this age sleep more, whine less, but the bitch spends less time with the puppies, most likely simply because she is hot. If the bedding and the temperature in the room are optimal (not too hot, but not too cold), then German Shepherd puppies, on average, by 7 weeks of age weigh almost a kilogram more, which is 15-20% of their weight. Such puppies are more daring, active, and behave more confidently in games. In males, with age, the difference in behavior is smoothed out and for successful training in the work of a police dog, the weight in puppyhood is no longer important, but in bitches this effect persists. Larger bitches in childhood show better results when they become adults. However, it is not a fact that these data are applicable to other dog breeds and to other tasks, for example, when raising a family dog or a therapy dog.
From the time when the puppy’s eyes open, his ability to maintain balance in one position begins to actively develop, which means that he can now learn to walk. Puppies begin to shy away at a sharp sound closer to three weeks of age (more than half of the puppies. on the 19th day). From the moment when the puppy becomes able to respond to harsh sounds, the period of socialization begins.
During the period of socialization, all the most important foundations for the future behavior of the dog are laid: activity, courage, fearfulness, the ability to communicate with relatives, interest in communicating with people, initiative in training, the ability to operate with inanimate objects (toys, handling objects), motivation for hunting behavior. cleanliness in the house, love to bark and so on. Any reasoning about at what age it is better to transport a puppy to a new home will be related to what the puppy’s previous family can provide during the period of socialization, and what is new.
Research by Scott and Fuller
In many books, you can read the advice to move the puppy to a new home at the age of 7-9 weeks (1.5-2 months). Where does this advice come from and how correct is it? From 1945 to the end of the 1960s in the United States at the Jackson Laboratory in Bar Harbor, under the leadership of John Paul Scott and John Fuller, the largest experiment on the study of dog behavior took place. At the same time, about 200 dogs lived at the biological station. The large stable was rebuilt as a laboratory: stalls were converted into open-air cages, where females were whelping, growing dogs walked in the former levada, saddlery rooms were rebuilt into offices. Levadas, located at a distance from the main building, were used to raise dogs in the forest, in isolation from people. Of course, people brought food and watched the dogs on a daily basis, but they tried to do it covertly so as to have minimal impact on the behavior of the dogs living there. Puppies that have never seen humans were separated and tested at various ages. They also conducted studies of the genetics of behavior: they crossed dogs of different breeds, compared the test results of parents and crosses of the first, second and third generations.
To this day, this Bar Harbor project is the largest study of canine behavior, and while it has obvious shortcomings, the results of those experiments are largely supported by other, more recent studies. In addition, a whole generation of brilliant scientists and practitioners grew up at the station in Bar Harbor, who have had a huge impact on the modern profession of animal behavior consultant and on another branch of science. bioethics.
In one of a series of tests at Bar Harbor, it was shown that, starting at three weeks of age, the puppy’s behavior increases dramatically in curiosity and sociability. The puppy approaches a stranger without fear, examines a new space. The desire to get acquainted and continue to communicate reaches a maximum at 5 weeks, and then gradually fades away. At the same time, the puppy begins to get scared of a stranger if he was sitting motionless, and then gets up or tries to pet the puppy. Shyness grows constantly from 5 weeks of age, and at 7 weeks the urge to make acquaintance and run away from a stranger becomes the same. These tendencies continue to develop: interest in a person becomes weaker, and avoidance increases until 14 weeks of age, after which it remains invariably high.
It should be noted that the results of this test cannot be directly transferred to the more familiar to us domestic dogs, since the puppies at the biological station grew up in isolation from humans. However, it would be fair to expect similar behavior from wild dogs, dogs that are born in parks.
Other tests on the learning ability of dogs showed that the best results are shown by dogs that began their acquaintance with people at the age of seven weeks, no later than. In addition, many veterinarians recommend weaning a puppy from the mother and a gradual transition from mother’s milk to solid food just in time for 7-8 weeks of age. It turns out that at 7-9 weeks the puppy is already physically ready to part with its mother, it is still quite easy to get to know people and is not too shy.
Toilet, transportation and training
If we are talking about a “wild” from the park, then in fact it is better to take him to the house as early as possible, no later than 9 weeks (2 months). In this case, the new owner has every chance to raise a problem-free domestic dog (not forgetting that, like any other domestic dog, the puppy will need socialization and education). If we are talking about a Bernese Shepherd puppy, for example, born in an apartment, with which the children of the breeder play a lot, but carefully, who are taken out for a walk and introduced to other people’s dogs, then the age of moving to a new house may be postponed. after all, the puppy is already getting what it needs development for him. Will the future owner be able to provide the puppy with the same full-fledged socialization??
There are several other important dates in the development of the puppy. The puppy is able to feel pain from the first days of life, but steadily avoid pain and develop associations with negative experiences (for example, being afraid of sounds, after which it usually becomes painful) puppies begin by the age of 4-4.5 weeks (1 month). the ability to learn from positive experiences is formed earlier, and it takes half the repetitions to develop a positive association than a negative one. Interestingly, even when the puppy becomes capable of accepting negative reinforcement, the general trend persists later. For example, a four-month-old puppy has much worse consequences from the fear he has endured, and not pain (if it was not accompanied by fear). If you teach your puppy to cut his claws, and he ceases to be afraid of this procedure, then his fear will not arise again because you accidentally hurt him. And even if he treats the procedure with caution, it will be much easier to restore his trust than if you immediately cut his claws forcibly, intimidating him, even if you never hurt him. And besides, these numbers are just another confirmation that positive reinforcement is more effective in raising a puppy.
The next important date is 8.5 weeks (2 months). at this age, puppies begin to move away from places of play, rest and food in order to defecate. “Wilds”, born in the park, at this age are usually still on the street and have the opportunity to move away, choose a place for the toilet. Toy dog puppies are often less fortunate: if there are many dogs in a small room, especially if others are poorly toilet trained, the smell of relatives is everywhere. Choose a toilet, or don’t choose, it still won’t be a separate place. If at this age the puppy gets used to constantly being in the smell of feces, he ceases to be selective in choosing a place for the toilet. It is very difficult to teach such dogs to any kind of cleanliness. both to the diaper and to the street. However, getting a little ahead of myself, I will say that the date of 8.5 weeks is approximate. In some breeds or some lines within the same breed, the behavior of choosing a place for the “toilet” is formed earlier, already at the age of 5 weeks (about 1 month).
Soon, at 9 weeks, the motivation for the game reaches its maximum. Puppies start to play much earlier, but at first their games are short. By 9 weeks, all types of play are at their peak. both social (with other puppies) and with objects. Then the motivation to play drops sharply. by 10 weeks of age it is already two to three times lower than at 9 weeks of age. It would seem that these are just games, what’s the difference? But this very moment in the development of a puppy turns out to be critical if we are talking about sports dogs, some service dogs and hunting dogs. In order for the dog to easily learn how to transport a shot bird, willingly perceive the toy as a reward, or with passion hold the helper’s sleeve in its mouth, at the age of 8-9 weeks it should play with the most diverse types of toys as much as possible. If at this moment the puppy has nothing to play with (and he does not show the initiative himself, dismantling the apartment into small chips-toys), then at an older age, although with difficulty, it is possible to involve him in the game with someone. with another a puppy or a human. But teaching the apporting just by throwing the ball will not work. It is curious that this age as the most important for playing with objects has been determined in a variety of studies: from the laboratory you already know in Bar Harbor, and ending with stray dogs in India. Same age for dogs of very different origins. you will see later that there are large breed differences for the formation of other character abilities.
The period of socialization according to Scott and Fuller’s classification ends with the puppy’s first long independent walk. The puppy leaves the group of relatives, moves far enough and returns. After that, he begins to make such walks regularly. For most puppies, this occurs at 12 weeks of age (about 3 months). Some researchers see this independence as a sign that the puppy is ready to separate from the previous family and move to a new one. therefore, you can find in the literature a recommendation to take a puppy at three months of age. This is pretty controversial advice. On the one hand, starting at 11 weeks of age, puppies begin to form individual bonds with their relatives: they develop fairly constant likes and dislikes. Assuming that a similar attitude will carry over to humans, then this should help the puppy to become attached to the new owner. On the other hand, fear, avoidance of new things in a puppy at this moment reach their peak. It is often possible to observe that the puppy confidently went for a walk at 2.5 months, and at 3 months suddenly freezes at the entrance, draws his tail and pulls back.
In different sources, you can find different dates for the “age of fear” in puppies. According to some data, this will be about 6 weeks old (slightly less than 1.5 months), according to others. 3 months of age. And, very rarely, they can name the age of 4 weeks (30 days). What really happens to the puppy? So, at about 3 weeks, the puppy begins to respond to loud sounds, at 4 and a little. to form negative associations with what caused him pain. In addition, at 4 weeks, the puppy begins to realize what a cliff is. until this moment the puppy can roll head over heels down the steps, because he still does not understand that where the step ends, there is nothing to lean on. In general, the puppy is already physically capable of studying the world, and then this world begins to give him unpleasant sensations, which he previously forgot immediately, but now he cannot! And he begins to get scared. some researchers call this moment “the age of fears” (30 days).
However, the fear continues to increase and a new characteristic appears in the puppy’s behavior. anxiety. It is associated with the concentration of the “stress hormone” cortisol in the blood. Many researchers have noticed that at 6 weeks of age, puppies can suddenly become more anxious, whine more, refuse to be alone, and sleep worse. The test showed that it was at 6 weeks that cortisol reaches its maximum, at 5 and 7 weeks, the concentration of cortisol is noticeably lower. This is due to internal physiological changes that occur in the body and, at the same time, stimulate the development of behavior. And while a puppy’s cortisol levels are lower at 7 weeks of age or older, he is no longer as trustingly open to the world as he once was. Now he is sure that the world is not such a safe place, you need to be on the alert.
Finally, the third variant of the “age of fears” is associated with the end of the socialization period and the beginning of the juvenile period according to the classification of Scott and Fuller (the classifications are not the same: many Russian ethologists prefer to call the period of socialization with relatives all the time from the transition to solid food to puberty). Why is this moment important? The fact that if a puppy grew up in isolation before that time, then he will never become an ordinary dog, he will behave typical for a deprivant. However, I must say that in some dogs, depending on their breed predispositions, this age occurs later (up to 16 weeks). And further. Now there are already many methods of behavior correction, and the “wild dog”, “deprivant dog” is no longer the same “sentence” as it used to be.
If the puppy grew up in a family, then the age of 12-16 weeks is associated with the formation of the concept of “friend or foe”. Previously, the puppy could remember people and distinguish them, but now he enjoys your friends-guests, while realizing that you are his owner, and they are only temporary visitors. This is how attachment is formed in the puppy: now his self-confidence depends on the presence of the owner. If the owner left the puppy in an unfamiliar place for him (not at home), the puppy stops playing and exploring the space, all his behavior is aimed at one single goal. to reunite with the center of his world. The puppy whines, barks, howls, scratches (and sometimes even breaks doors or jumps out of windows). Travel and overexposure are especially harmful during this period of the puppy’s life. If the new owners who took the puppy at 3 months old give it to other people at 4 (temporarily or permanently), the damage to the puppy’s behavior may be irreparable, and extremely severe behavior problems will develop in his behavior. The first move of a puppy (say, from a breeder to new owners) at this age is undesirable, but still not critical and, usually, does not lead to negative consequences for his behavior.
FIRST 48 HOURS W/ A NEW YORKIE PUPPY!! GOOD BAD & UGLY!!
Until now, I have named certain numbers when a puppy begins a particular period of behavior development. This is, strictly speaking, wrong. The timing of the formation of each ability depends on the genetic predisposition and health of the puppies. Genetic predisposition leads to the fact that in puppies of the same breed or some kind of mowing line in the breed, the eyes open earlier, the reaction to a loud sound occurs earlier, and so on. If a dog from this breed or mowing line is later mated to a dog from another mowing line or breed, the offspring will usually develop several days more slowly. All this does not matter from the point of view of the character traits of a puppy in adulthood, but if you want to take a puppy at a certain period of its development, you need to focus not on numbers, but on abilities. It is not worth checking if the puppy reacts at 4 weeks to a loud sound, see if milk teeth have erupted (this happens 2-3 days after the appearance of a reaction to the sound). From this moment, the puppy should be able to socialize: communicate with dogs and with people, play with a variety of toys.
Dogs of breeds, from which independence, and not “jewelry” obedience, was required during breeding, usually go through periods of development very close to those dates that I named in the article. Suppose you need a Central Asian Shepherd Dog that can live in a flock, and you buy a puppy born in an apartment in a metropolis? Then you need to pick up the puppy early, before 7-9 weeks. Likewise, in the opposite situation. if you want to have a chance to raise from a flock dog. a city one. Let’s omit here doubts about whether it is worth doing this or that But if you really do. then taking into account the timing of the development of the puppy!
Dogs of those breeds that have cultivated the ability to learn and obey for centuries have longer periods of childhood. Their socialization period can last up to 4 months, and juvenile. up to 8 months, and sometimes up to 14! (the juvenile period ends with the onset of puberty). All this time, dogs remain more trusting, more curious, more “flexible”: they can be taught and retrained. They are amazing in how many mistakes they are willing to forgive a novice trainer.!
Illness can lead to delays in the development of behavior. Having recovered, the puppy will gradually catch up with his peers.
Results. How old should you buy a puppy??
If you spot a puppy for yourself in a shelter, on the street or in a bad kennel, pick him up right now, the sooner you start to deal with it, the more chances you will grow from him a problem-free dog. Do not stop walking with him and do not miss a good time, educate!
From the point of view of the dog, a difficult family is one in which there are children of different ages or a baby on the way, parents work full time and plan to leave the dog with one friend, then with another, or overexposed. For such a family, you need to choose a dog especially carefully (and it would be better for them to wait altogether with the establishment of a dog). It can be a puppy under two months old (but on the condition that the owners will not go anywhere in the next six months and will devote time to classes with the puppy), or an adult dog, whose character has already developed and is confident that it treats children well and is able to philosophically relate to what is happening around her.
A similar principle applies to a dog that is brought up for a specific purpose: sport, service, hunting. Having chosen a suitable breed and line, you can take a small puppy (up to 9-11 weeks old) and create excellent conditions for his development, or look for a grown dog (over 7-9 months old), deciding whether it suits you or not, realizing that you will impose layers of “education” on an already formed foundation.
If you don’t really care what kind of behavior your dog will have, you are just looking for a pet, then think about what kind of dog will feel happy in your house? A dog from 5 months and older, raised outside the city, does not easily adapt to life in the city center. Taking a small puppy 2-4 months into the house, then remembering that you spend the whole day at work and sending the puppy out of town to his parents is also a dubious decision. Take that dog and at that age so you can give it the opportunity to show its best qualities.
The first weeks of a dog’s life
The early life period is considered to be the most informative for the dog. It is at this time that the pet learns the world and learns to make the first independent movements. The future, character and behavior of a pet largely depends on how the first weeks of a pet’s life will proceed.
- Each puppy needs to eat breast milk and communicate with their relatives. The first 5 weeks of life is a period of active knowledge of the world and socialization, the dog communicates with its brothers and sisters, is brought up by its mother and learns the laws of a dog’s life. This period is full of new information and the breeder must do everything so that the puppy has the opportunity to fully develop and satisfy the need for cognition.
- After 35 days, the puppy can already feed on its own. But it is by no means necessary to take a dog at this age, because the pet needs active communication with relatives and feeding with breast milk. During this period, the pet learns to regulate the force of the bite, learns the rules for communicating with other dogs. over, it is necessary to take into account the fact that according to the rules of the RKF, puppies receive documents at the age of 45 days, which means that there is no need to pick up the dog earlier.
- 7-8 weeks is the age when the dog ends up socializing in the canine environment. It is during this period that the puppy will well accept the new environment, owner, family. Before this age, the dog goes through a period of imprinting. She perceives the owner well and learns to associate herself with him as a whole. It is this period that will be fruitful in training with the help of positive reinforcement.
- From 3-4 months, the pet begins a “period of fears”. The pet is afraid of everything around, even ordinary phenomena can cause anxiety and cause behavioral problems. Unfortunately, due to long quarantines, dogs cannot learn about the world in 2-3 months, and walks begin at an unfavorable period. It is best when the owner has the ability to provide the necessary experience for the pet at a very early age.
Novice dog breeders → At what age can you take a puppy?
Novice dog breeders often ask themselves the question: at what age is it better to take a puppy? In order to understand this problem, you need to know how important the first weeks of life are for a dog, and when the pet can perceive a change of family and weaning from the mother. It is important that the solution is convenient not only for the owners, but also for the dog.
What the owner should consider when taking the dog?
If you want to take in a puppy, you must understand that his upbringing will require a lot of time and attention from you. At an early age, the dog requires special care, because the pet needs to be fed 4-5 times a day, to train it to the toilet, leash, collar, lay the foundations of obedience, etc. If you are not sure that you can provide the dog with proper care and satisfy his thirst for information, it is better to take a grown-up puppy. But in this case, it must be borne in mind that all the foundations of education are laid by the breeder. If you are not sure of his conscientiousness, do not rely on proper education of the dog.
Things to Consider When Deciding to Buy a Puppy?
- Having free time and opportunities to provide the puppy with proper care.
- Conscientiousness and decency of breeders.
- Own desire to raise a puppy from early childhood.
- Preparedness for Dog Training Difficulties.
From what age you take the puppy from the mother and the breeders depends on how the character and behavior of the dog will be formed. Deciding when to get a dog should be made carefully and thoughtfully.!
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Yorkshire terrier puppies: general questions
The weight of newborn Yorkshire Terrier puppies is 100-140 grams.
Puppies can be put up for sale from one month old, but usually this is done after registration, when the puppies are 1.5 months old. But the most optimal age for sale is from two months.
The average age of the puppies offered for sale ranges from one to four months. There are also older puppies, but they are already considered less popular.
The most optimal age to buy. three months.
When buying a dog through a dog breeders club, documents for a puppy and a veterinary passport are issued. As a rule, puppies in the kennel are born from titled parents, less often from candidates for champions. These puppies have a full package of documents with an impeccable pedigree, a brand, the first vaccinations are made according to age, some kennels provide delivery across Russia (rarely). Puppies are subject to mandatory registration (this is done by the kennel itself).
A purebred Yorkshire Terrier puppy (from parents with pedigrees) must have:. a birth certificate. a puppy card, which can be exchanged for a pedigree after receiving a description and evaluation at the first show. veterinary passport.
When buying a puppy through a dog breeders club or a kennel, the owners will be required to give a nickname in accordance with the RKF rules, that is, starting with the first letter of the litter. The name of the puppies purchased from the kennel must include the name of the kennel (as a rule, they include in the “surname” of the dog).
The price for standard size dogs, mini and supermini is usually the same. Males are cheaper than bitches. The price also decreases with the age of the Yorkie, and the further the nursery or club is from the capital, the cheaper.
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