At what age to train a puppy (dog)?
A lot of people who are the owners of a four-legged friend ask themselves the question: “At what age should you start training a puppy?” Some believe that classes should be started from a young age (1-1.5 months), others interpret their opinion differently, believe that early classes can serve as trauma to the psyche and training is better to start from 6-7 months of age.
In order not to continue to be lost in conjectures and be at a loss, let’s reason in detail and gradually.
First step. You have decided to get a dog, but have not yet decided on the breed, first of all, familiarize yourself with the history of origin and the peculiarities of the Yorkshire Terrier, Pomeranian, Chihuahua or other dog breed that you prefer, in order to familiarize yourself with the advantages of this breed, character, mind. perception, temperament, in order to decide who will be easier to teach and train and what qualities do you give more preference to.
Second step. Now you have already decided on the breed, but you do not know how to make the right choice of a puppy, so that in the future you will not regret your choice. In this case, to begin with, decide for what purposes you need a puppy (for breeding, a show career, or just for yourself, as a best friend), then the breeder will help you in choosing, and by the way, check out the standard of the Yorkshire Terrier, Pomeranian breed in advance. Spitz, Chihuahua or the standard of another breed, in order to know the physiological features and understand what the breeder is telling you.
Step three. As mentioned above, some trainers recommend training a puppy from the age of 1-1.5 months, but there is one thing! Training a puppy at the age of one month is possible, personally I have seen a lot of videos of who started training at that age. But let’s judge logically and correctly, at this age the puppy was only torn away from the mother’s feeding and he does not know how to “live independently”, there is no need to spoil the “baby’s childhood”. this is in the first place. Secondly. up to three months, puppies are vaccinated and after each vaccine the puppy must get stronger and withstand the incubation period during which its own immunity is developed. Why torment a puppy at an early age, let him grow stronger, both physically and emotionally, before training. Therefore, the recommended age for training a puppy is 3-4 months, I tell you from personal experience, this is the most ideal age for training a puppy (dog).
Fourth step. In any case, if you have acquired a puppy, you bring him to a new home. The puppy in the new house will thoroughly familiarize himself with the new area, but in his own way, he can walk from corner to corner and sniff or gnaw your things. From the first day of the puppy’s stay in the house, it is necessary to take on his upbringing and work out the basic training commands. Be sure to use your puppy’s favorite treats to help, and not just words of praise, this will speed up the process.
If your dog is not three months old or a year old, do not think that it is too late to train your dog. In fact, you can train a dog at any age, just 3 months old. this is the ideal age, which will simplify your studies a little, with an adult dog the most important thing is that your classes are set correctly, stock up on perseverance and great patience! And everything will work out.
At what age to start training a puppy
Instructors differ on this issue.
The old school says that there is no point in bringing a dog to the playground until 6 or even 12 months. But the instructors of the new school are confident that the puppy needs to be trained up to 4 months, and at home, simple commands can be practiced from two to two and a half months. Let’s figure out who is right and who is wrong, and for what reasons.
In this article on the site “Around the Dogs” we will tell you about the age at which to start training a puppy.
So, the old school thinks that it is necessary to train an already adult dog. They associate this with the fact that the dog must be formed so that you can work hard with it and do without treats. Also by this time, they argue, the dog will settle down, and it is easier to work with it. On the one hand, it is impossible to completely discard their position, because it is really not reasonable to influence a puppy 3-4 months old with a strict collar, this way you can spoil the psyche of the puppy, and nothing good will come of it.
But this pattern of behavior shaping has its drawbacks. First of all, raising a puppy who is one year old and has already formed his vision of the world to a greater extent means breaking it, and from this the psyche will also suffer no less than when a strict collar is applied to a four-month-old puppy. Also, the old school often works without treats. One side. this is good, because the dog gets used to working with a stick, without a carrot, and executes commands under fear. On the other hand, imagine that you are working at work, and as soon as the paycheck comes, they tell you. Petrov, you worked well, but you will not get anything, because you work without pay, but Sidorov worked worse, and we we will cut everything he had, and add whips to the bargain, so as not to relax. How long do you think you can handle this job??
I can also give an example from life, when walking in the park with my dogs, I came across such a trainer, at that moment he was talking with the owners who came to train. He applied a strict collar to a four-month-old Labrador, and said that his course lasts 2-3 months, after which the owners will have about four to six months before the second course, because during this time the dog will begin to forget his lessons, and can begin self-willed.
To be honest, for me it was all a little wild, because it is not the dog who comes to training, but its owner, but the duty of the training instructor to instruct the owner, that is, the end user, so to speak, how to control his dog, because in fact the dog grasps commands very quickly and easily, the main thing in this business is to maintain the set principles, and not to undergo training courses 2-3 times a year throughout the dog’s life.
When to start training your dog
The new school says to start training the puppy as early as possible, using a treat as a reward. In my opinion, this is a more natural form of dog training. A three-four-month-old puppy does not yet have formed principles, he still operates according to the “Monte Carlo” method. trial and error. If you succeed in doing something bad and not get punished, then you can do it, because it happened, and vice versa. if the impact followed, then you should not do it, because there will be punishment for it. Also, do not forget that we are the ones who come up with the rules. do not pick up anything from the ground while walking, do not run after cats, do not bark or jump on passers-by, do not poop on the sidewalk, and so on and so forth. Our rules from birth are alien to the dog, they need to be instilled in it, and consolidated.
Encouragement during training, and elements of the game, because learning at a new school takes place in a playful way, it is much easier for a puppy, and it is much easier for the owner to find mutual understanding with his pet during training.
Make the choice yourself, based on what you read and based on your feelings. We wish your pet to delight you with its health and obedience!
What age to start dog training
After 10 it’s too late?
If you are lucky enough to become the owner of a hunting doggie, then the beginning of dog training should be carried out at a certain period of the puppy’s development. Every dog breeder can get this information in the hunting club. In fact, representatives of different breeds have significant differences in physical and mental development, therefore, for each breed, the optimal age for the start of intensive training is set individually.
Competent training and socialization.
Upon reaching the age of ten months, young dogs should undergo general training on the training ground. At the same time, dog owners receive appropriate training. But this applies only to service dog breeding, when the dog is focused on performing various official tasks: arresting a criminal, tracking and search and rescue operations.
However, you can train your pet yourself. By the way, in this case, the breed of the dog does not matter at all. Competent training and timely socialization will help you grow a diligent, well-bred dog even from an ordinary mongrel. When is it better to start training your pet? You will find the answer to this question in our article.
It is also important to know about the physiological characteristics and abilities of the representatives of a particular breed. For example, poodles are distinguished by high intelligence, and therefore the emphasis should be placed on mental development. They will willingly perform a variety of circus tricks. But the hounds of the greyhound family love to run and do it admirably. Therefore, in this case, you need to focus more on the development of endurance. In any case, you need to start training a dog even in puppyhood.
If a mongrel puppy appears in your house, do not despair. Paying due time to raising your pet, you can instill in him the qualities you need. From the first month of a puppy’s life, all family members, including animals, need to be accustomed to society. Basic commands like “fu!”, “No!”, “Place”, “come to me!”, “Take” and other puppy must master as soon as possible.
Amazing knowledge of these commands and quick execution of them. already half of the success. Training takes relatively little time, because a little dog will play and frolic a lot.
You need to strive to ensure that the puppy fulfills the command the first time. It may not work at first. But this is not at all scary. the dog needs time to get used to.
Severity and kindness.
A puppy over three months old should be trained like an adult dog. Of course, you do not need to be too strict, because the psyche of an animal at a young age is rather weak. The entire training process should be based on love for your little four-legged friend. Only patience and firmness, combined with sincere love and indulgence for your pet, will help you raise a real companion dog. smart, quick-witted and resourceful.
At what age can a puppy be trained??
The puppy is capable of learning from birth, but as long as he is blind and deaf, it is very difficult to find the right reinforcement for him. At the age of about 2 weeks, the puppy’s eyes open and he begins to leave his “den”. the place where a happy mother lives with her offspring. Crawling out of the house, he gets to know the world around him. At this time, it is already easier to train him, but classes can cause severe anxiety for his mother, and this is unsafe. for the mother dog, and for puppies, and sometimes for people.
A curious feature of puppies under three weeks of age is their low susceptibility to negative experiences. It is already possible to train them with the help of positive reinforcement, although, for the formation of a stable skill, repetitions are needed several orders of magnitude more than in 4 weeks. But under the influence of punishment at this age, the puppy practically does not learn. I think that each of my readers will say, they say, is it really someone who punishes such crumbs? Of course, such small puppies are specially trained only for the sake of science, in experiments. But not on purpose, in life, it happens that a puppy gets injured. And, if you are the person who helps such unhappy people, it will be helpful for you to know that trauma at such an early age is detrimental to physical development, but, to a much lesser extent, behavioral. But later, from about a month and a half, the situation completely changes. If, say, a puppy with its mother is in a dangerous environment, and you cannot help the whole dog family, you should try to pick up the puppy before 4-6 weeks of age.
At four weeks of age, the puppy is mobile, cheerful and trusting. He begins a period of socialization, when he learns to communicate with relatives, people and the world around him. From 3 to 16-20 weeks (it depends on the characteristics of the breed) the puppy should get to know as many types of people, dogs and situations as possible.
At this time, he needs to learn the language of his species, otherwise he will not be able to communicate with relatives, will not become interested in the opposite sex, and will not be able to take care of his own offspring. If a puppy of this age will communicate only with adults, he will not understand that small children are people too, and may even begin to hunt them. It is imperative that the puppy is well socialized, so from 3 to 16 weeks is a critical age that determines the rest of your pet’s life. Naturally, this is also the best age to start training, because:
- 1) Training is not only and not so much learning a skill. By training your dog, you give him the key to understanding humans. She begins to distinguish praise from censure, learns your gestures, becomes more attached to the owner, learns to understand where your attention is directed.
- 2) Training is the path to gentle, friendly communication with the dog. Almost every ban command, like “ugh!” or “no!” can be replaced with the command “to me” or “sit”. If the puppy grabs a slipper or rests its front paws on you, punishment will only direct his attention to what he is doing. And although he may begin to fear punishment (or the owner himself), he will no longer forget about the slippers or his paws on the master’s coat. The command tells the dog not what it should not do, but what it should do in this situation. Then the puppy’s attention is directed to the execution of commands, they are fixed, and the unwanted behavior disappears from his memory.
- 3) Training is a way to diversify a puppy’s life, and therefore better socialize him. Working with the dog, not letting its development take its course, you yourself will feel what exactly your puppy is afraid of, what else you need to acquaint him with. And during classes, he will constantly cope with new tasks for him and develop his ingenuity.
- 4) At about 3 to 12 weeks of age, the puppy develops play behavior (at 9 weeks of age, play behavior reaches its maximum). If you skip this period, it will be much more difficult to play the dog, and it will prefer to follow the commands for the treat, toys will interest it to a lesser extent.
It doesn’t matter when it comes to a pet, but canine athletes know how valuable the love of play in dogs is in preparation for performances in obedience, agility, freestyle, and protective service. good work depends on how played a lot and correctly with the dog in childhood.
Some dogs are like brilliant children, they prefer activities to games with their peers. However, you must understand the risks. The fact that solving puzzles is easier for them than communication does not mean that communication is not necessary for them. but rather, on the contrary, it is their weak point and they need help in this. You can find socialization groups, or find a good company with a variety of dogs for your puppy. Let the puppy sniff, play. Then step aside, exercise, then say, for example, “Take a walk,” and return to the dogs. Wait ten minutes, let the puppy play (and do not respond to his requests for classes in these ten minutes). Then give a signal to continue training, move away, and so on. That is, in other words, your task is to give the puppy a regular opportunity to communicate with relatives. You do not need to fanatically deny your puppy classes and run after each dog so that they communicate. But, also, it will be a mistake during the period of socialization of the puppy to engage only in training. The period of socialization passes quickly and it cannot be replenished. Socialization is only possible before puberty in the dog.
There are two very serious reasons why dogs begin training after 16 weeks:
- 1) Vaccinations. Unfortunately, in big cities, the likelihood of catching a deadly infection for a puppy is very high, so you have to be careful about vaccinations and observe quarantine. However, while the quarantine is in progress, the puppy skips the socialization period. The owner needs to remember that 15 years with a “crazy psycho” in an apartment will not give him any pleasure, even if this tailed abnormal is physically healthy. Therefore, as soon as the quarantine is over, you should not waste a minute to socialize the dog. Usually, the owners have only 2-4 weeks left in order to fill the gaps in the development of their pet.
- 2) Training methods. It has been experimentally proven that training based on the so-called “mechanics” (when the dog is pressed with hands, trying to form its posture) leads to the fact that the dog “becomes stupid”. She stops showing initiative and does not try to solve the problem on her own. Such training does not help the puppy to develop, but, on the contrary, spoils it.
About 16 weeks old is still an age with a very strong memory. In addition, in many dogs (it depends on the breed of your pet) 3-4 months is the beginning of the “age of fears”, when the puppy learns to distinguish between dangerous and safe. All events that take place with the puppy and the people and dogs around him are literally “imprinted” in the memory of the baby. Punishing your puppy physically, or if someone severely punishes your dog in front of your pet, it will have consequences: in fear of all people or people with some special appearance, perhaps in fear of dogs or special situations. For example, if, in front of your puppy, someone on the training ground severely punished their dog, so that it tucked its tail or even squealed, your puppy will remember that the dogs are in pain on the grounds. This will affect both group classes and sports performances.
Since earlier (in Russia. 30 years ago, in the USA. 50 years ago) methods of training on positive reinforcement were little known, dogs were trained almost exclusively by “mechanics”. By the age of 6 months, the dog has already completed the period of socialization, its behavior has formed, and the negative experience no longer has such a strong effect. This is the reason why the old dog books recommend starting training at six, and never before four months.
Training a puppy up to about 6 months of age to benefit both the dog and the owner should involve only two methods.
- 1) On positive reinforcement with guidance. The dog is taught to follow a piece of treat or a toy. The treat is then turned on in such a way that the puppy has to sit down, lie down, stand up, or do whatever else to get the reward. For more details see “Basic scheme”
- 2) Shaping. The owner observes the dog and, as soon as it accidentally makes some necessary movement, gives it a treat. At first, the dog makes the right movement very rarely, and the trainer needs to reward every hint of the right movement (every few seconds you have to reward!). Gradually, the dog begins to understand that between which of its movements there is a connection with reward. Having mastered several commands in this way, the dog begins to invent and offer the owner this or that movement. the person only has to choose what to develop, to what extent.
There are more and more training grounds where instructors use these two methods to train all dogs, puppies and adults. Such training is safe for the psyche of a dog of any age, moreover, it allows to achieve much better results in training and helps to establish mutual understanding between the dog and the owner. Therefore, you can start practicing in educational training groups at such sites immediately after the end of quarantine or 2 weeks after the puppy appears in your house. The best age for a puppy to start training is 3.5-4 months.
Who trains the dog?
You train the dog under the strict guidance of an instructor. The instructor shows you how to practice each element on your dog, after which you move on to learning it. The instructor will adjust your actions in accordance with their correct implementation. This is necessary so that the owner of the dog understands how his pet is trained “from and to”, so that at any time, after the end of training, it is possible to independently consolidate the material studied, and also so that the dog learns to follow the commands of its owner, and not the instructor.
As a result, we get a dog trained to follow the commands of its owner the first time in any conditions.
Right Age To Start Puppy Training | kab dog training start karein?
How long does one lesson last?
The lesson usually lasts 1 hour. It may end a little earlier or a little later, depending on how your dog is feeling. Since it is extremely important that the dog does not overwork in the classroom and they bring pleasure both to her and to you.
A few words about “he doesn’t eat.” Show me, please, a wolf’s den, where puppies abandon the burp brought by wolf parents in favor of brothers and sisters? If this happens, there is only one conclusion. such a wolf cub is not a tenant. Therefore, if the puppy does not want food from his hands, skip one feeding and work the next.
And finally my favorite: “I can’t set the alarm at 5.30, I already get up at 6.00!” Dear owners, you cannot live without a loaf, you can live without a dog. I started it. “give it back and do not sin”.
Many experienced dog handlers, when introducing a new puppy with a live old dog, take separate walks in order to fully concentrate on the puppy and the old one not to be deprived of attention.
When to start training a puppy. Don’t start until you watch this!
And remember: who wants. seeks opportunities, and who does not want. seeks reasons!
The article used the article by Katya Gurova
Which course should I choose?
The course is selected by the instructor, based on your wishes and problems in the behavior of your dog, if any.
You can view the offered courses HERE.
Classes in a group or individually?
Group lessons are cheaper than individual lessons. However, both options have their positive and negative sides. Working individually from the dog, you can achieve the desired result much faster, since the dog handler will use exactly those training methods that are best suited to your dog. But the skills gained this way can be of little use if your dog becomes naughty in the presence of other animals.
Therefore, it would be optimal to start with individual lessons, and then use group lessons so that the dog learns to fulfill the owner’s requirements in different conditions.
What is needed for classes?
For the first lesson you need: a) A hungry dog (do not feed in the morning before class; “curd”, “kefirchik”, “well, I just a little bit” is also considered feeding and affects the quality of the lesson)
b) 100. 300 grams of treats (depending on the size of the dog) Treats can be anything other than the usual dog food Natural: cheese, sausage, sausages, boiled meat, chicken breast, liver, etc Dry: dry light, “sandwiches”, plates, etc. It is undesirable to use dry food, drying, crackers as a treat, that is, everything that a dog will gnaw and drop crumbs on the ground, in addition, with active movements from a dry treat, the dog may begin to cough and it will not be up to training.
The food should be in a or belt bag and easily accessible with one hand.
c) Collar (leather, synthetic, etc.) and short leash (not a tape measure!).
d) A toy for a dog. A few different toys are best.
How to train a dog. Taking the first steps
Being the owner of a well-trained and intelligent dog is not only convenient, but also prestigious. Therefore, most owners spend an impressive amount of time teaching their four-legged pet basic commands.
Their knowledge allows you to walk the dog without problems, and also makes it easier to find a pet in public places.
At what age can you start training??
It’s never too late to start working with a dog: at three, at five, and at eight.
Cynologists give several recommendations that will make training more effective:
- Do not repeat the given command more than two times;
- Change the sequence of commands in any form. Otherwise, the pet’s attention is reduced;
- Do not delay your workout time. The duration of the sessions should vary from 35 minutes to 1.5 hours, depending on the age and well-being of the dog;
- Observe the interval between commands. The dog should have time to rest a little, make a couple of circles around the site or explore the nearest bushes;
- Weasel. For animals that are too timid and insecure, this is a great alternative to strictness. With harsh treatment, pets often begin to “dull” and get confused;
- Promotion. It can be given by voice. But the best results are obtained with treats.
Enjoy training, and then your pet will happily execute all commands
Train the dog yourself or contact a dog handler
Experienced dog handlers do not give an unambiguous answer to this question. There are two options for the development of events:
- Self-study. With the necessary skills, the owner will be able to train his pet without any problems. in this case, you will need to be patient and persistent. In no case should you give vent to emotions and punish the dog if he does not follow the command correctly or refuses to learn at all.
- Training from a dog handler. Often a situation arises in which the owner, due to his soft disposition, is not able to show the perseverance necessary for effective training. Or the dog stubbornly refuses to execute even elementary commands. In this case, you should seek the help of a specialist. A dog handler teaches even a pet that is difficult to communicate in a few days, and a fully prepared animal returns to the owner.
This is important: when choosing independent training, it is necessary that only one person is engaged in training. If today one family member is engaged with the animal, and tomorrow another, then the result can be disastrous.
The dog gets used to the commands and teaching methods of one person. Therefore, it is too rash to talk about an effective training system with the participation of several family members.
Do instructors go home?
Yes. Our instructors travel to all districts of Ivanovo and the Ivanovo Region. Classes are held at a convenient time for you, seven days a week.
Lesson with the dog on the training ground
Training on a special site is suitable for dogs that already have well-developed basic skills and the presence of strangers and people does not distract them from the training process.
It should be noted that the training grounds are equipped with various sports equipment. Therefore, they are an ideal place for training and outdoor activities of the dog.
How many dog training sessions do you need??
The number of sessions depends on the desired result, as well as on the breed characteristics of your dog.
1-5 sessions. correction of any dog behavior.
- Outdoor toilet training and litter box training;
- Destructive behavior;
- Barking and howling of a dog with you or in your absence;
- Aggressive behavior towards family members, strangers or dogs;
- Fears of a dog (fear of loud noises, street, collar, leash, people, dogs, etc.);
5-10 lessons. basic course of studying obedience commands.
- Command “NEXT” with the landing of the dog when the owner stops;
- Learning to freely wear a muzzle, collar and leash;
- Complex of commands “SIT”, “STAND”, “LIE”. Commands are given by voice and gesture at a distance of up to 10 meters;
- Exposure of the dog in place for a long time in a sitting, standing, lying position;
- Team “TO ME”;
- Team “PLACE”;
- “FU” command. stop picking up various waste from the ground;
- Command “NO”. termination of any unwanted action.
10-20 lessons. an extended course of studying obedience commands.