Dog training and education
It is also important to know about the physiological characteristics and abilities of the representatives of a particular breed. For example, poodles are distinguished by high intelligence, and therefore the emphasis should be placed on mental development. They will willingly perform a variety of circus tricks. But the hounds of the greyhound family love to run and do it admirably. Therefore, in this case, you need to focus more on the development of endurance. In any case, you need to start training a dog even in puppyhood.
If a mongrel puppy appears in your house, do not despair. Paying due time to raising your pet, you can instill in him the qualities you need. From the first month of a puppy’s life, all family members, including animals, need to be accustomed to society. Basic commands like “fu!”, “No!”, “Place”, “come to me!”, “Take” and other puppy must master as soon as possible.
Amazing knowledge of these commands and quick execution of them. already half the battle. Training takes relatively little time, because a little dog will play and frolic a lot.
You need to strive to ensure that the puppy fulfills the command the first time. It may not work at first. But this is not at all scary. the dog needs time to get used to.
When to start dog training
After 10 it’s too late?
If you are lucky enough to become the owner of a hunting doggie, then the beginning of dog training should be carried out at a certain period of the puppy’s development. Every dog breeder can get this information in the hunting club. In fact, representatives of different breeds have significant differences in physical and mental development, therefore, for each breed, the optimal age for the start of intensive training is set individually.
Competent training and socialization.
Upon reaching the age of ten months, young dogs should undergo general training on the training ground. At the same time, dog owners receive appropriate training. But this applies only to service dog breeding, when the dog is focused on performing a variety of official tasks: arresting a criminal, tracking and search and rescue operations.
However, you can train your pet yourself. By the way, in this case, the breed of the dog does not matter at all. Competent training and timely socialization will help you grow a diligent, well-bred dog even from an ordinary mongrel. When is it better to start training your pet? You will find the answer to this question in our article.
Severity and kindness.
A puppy over three months old should be trained like an adult dog. Of course, you do not need to be too strict, because the psyche of an animal at a young age is rather weak. The entire training process should be based on love for your little four-legged friend. Only patience and firmness, combined with sincere love and indulgence for your pet, will help you raise a real companion dog. smart, quick-witted and resourceful.
Right Age To Start Puppy Training | kab dog training start karein?
The method of punishing an animal
It should be immediately noted that the method of punishment in training animals does not give such results as the method of reward. However, punitive actions should be applied rather limitedly and used exclusively in raising a pet, but not in training.
In order to properly raise a puppy, you should initially decide what is allowed for him and what is strictly forbidden to do. If the dog has committed any offense, then it is worth punishing it and limiting its actions. To do this, you need to take the animal by the hair in the neck area and shake it well. Then you should definitely scold the puppy, while using hard intonations, then put him on the floor and leave the room.
After the punishment has been carried out, there are two possible ways of developing the further situation:
- the dog took a pose of obedience and lowered its head. the lesson was learned and the dog understood everything;
- the puppy begins to growl or bite. the punishment should be repeated until he understands who is the real owner in the house.
It is also worth noting that punishment should be done immediately after committing a bad deed, since if you punish a dog in an hour, then it will absolutely not connect your actions with its past disobedience. It can also provoke aggression in dogs and disobedience, both of their owner and all members of his family.
Can all family members train at the same time or should the dog have only one owner??
Only one owner is a common myth. With proper training, the dog obeys all family members, so they can also be present in the classroom.
What a puppy needs to know at 1-3 months of age
Consider how to properly train a puppy at the age of 1-3 months. He has already managed to get used to you and the rest of the family, to his place, nickname, feeding. At this age, he still has a lot of things to learn: to calmly treat the collar and leash, endure cleaning and washing, approach the owner (command “To me”), leave him (“Walk”), stop unwanted actions (“Fu”, “No”), communicate with other dogs and behave correctly on the street during walks. The initial training of a shepherd puppy, like any other breed, is a very exciting and responsible process. At this age, puppies easily develop positive skills associated with various vigorous activities, especially if the fulfillment of the required commands is encouraged by treats. Small puppies are very curious, active, they are interested in learning and studying with the owner. But their inhibitory skills are still hard to develop.
“FU!”. prohibition of active actions
This command is one of the most basic, this is due to the fact that in the big world the animal lies in wait for a fairly large number of more dangerous ones. Therefore, this prohibition must be very well mastered by animals and at the first pronunciation it must obey you unquestioningly. A trained individual will never take a foreign object into his mouth when he hears this command coming from his master.
Your pet must necessarily understand what he is strictly forbidden to do. Among the general prohibitions, it is necessary to highlight the most basic ones:
- You can not take extraneous food that is lying on the ground.
- It is forbidden to rush towards other animals.
- Shitting indoors is also strictly prohibited.
- It is forbidden to bite even if it is a game process.
- The owner’s things should also in no case be allowed to gnaw or spoil.
How to train a puppy at home
Dogs are one of the most loyal pets that will not only listen to their owner gratefully, but also become great nannies for children. However, this is only achievable with proper upbringing from the infancy of the animal.
When you acquire a small puppy, at first glance it resembles a small fluffy lump, which, it would seem, when it grows up will be obedient and just as affectionate as it is now. But, do not flatter yourself very much and begin to indulge all the whims of your pet, since in order to raise an obedient and loyal dog as efficiently as possible, it is worth starting from puppyhood to start paying attention to such a complex but very effective process as special training.
Commands to be learned by a puppy at the age of 3-6 months
During this period, it is necessary not only to continue consolidating the basic skills, but also to start learning commands such as “Nearby”, “Lie down”, “Sit”, “Aport”, teach the puppy to show teeth, overcome low obstacles, climb stairs and go down from her, calmly transfer travel in transport. The necessary skills are developed not only through delicacies, but also under mechanical influences (light jerk or leash tension, palm pressure, etc.). By the age of 3 months, the puppy is already able to ask for a walk in a timely manner, however, mistakes can still happen quite often, after playing, he can not always correctly interpret the signals of the body. Remove the puppy after every meal, after waking up, or when you see that he is worried, hesitated and as if looking for something. In order to avoid further mental problems, it is important for your pet to communicate with peers as often as possible, take care of this.
Classes in a group or individually?
Group lessons are cheaper than individual lessons. However, both options have their positive and negative sides. Working individually from the dog, you can achieve the desired result much faster, since the dog handler will use exactly those training methods that are best suited to your dog. But the skills gained this way can be of little use if your dog becomes naughty in the presence of other animals.
Therefore, it would be optimal to start with individual lessons, and then use group lessons so that the dog learns to fulfill the owner’s requirements in different conditions.
General commands and skills that need to be mastered
At what age can you start training puppies??
Collar and leash
Also, for the success of training in the future, it is necessary to accustom the pet to the collar and leash. You should put on a collar and fasten a leash when the puppy is distracted by a pleasant process, food or play, so that the dog does not feel fear when you later begin serious activities on the leash. If the puppy resists and tries to get rid of the burden, distract him with a game or treat so that he gets used to the collar and leash and perceives them as natural things.
The puppy will master the necessary skills faster if he makes the necessary movements himself, receiving encouragement. To train him on a leash, find an interesting target, such as a favorite toy, and walk up to it, holding the puppy at your feet. If he is obedient, be sure to praise him. Allow the puppy to sniff and get to know the subject so that he realizes that learning is a very interesting thing.
If he begins to resist, do not persuade him, the puppy may take this as encouragement and do not drag it by force, so as not to instill fear in him. It is better to take a treat or toy in your hand and guide it with the help of them. Repeat this exercise several times during your walk. Don’t worry too much if your puppy is lagging behind or running ahead: at this stage it is important that he just get used to the leash.
Timely socialization is of great importance for a maturing dog. Introduce her to people, other dogs, take her to various places. At the same time, carefully monitor the reaction of the puppy in order to avoid coercion as much as possible.
Preparation for training
Before proceeding directly to training. you should prepare the puppy for this process so that he is already predisposed to discipline and obedience, and good contact should be established between the pet and the owner.
Immediately, you should start accustoming the puppy to the nickname, using it to call. Call him and praise him by repeating the name if he comes up to you. This will be a good exercise for teaching the “come to me!” Command in the future. Keep in mind that in no case should you give a nickname when punishing a puppy, because his name must be associated with positive emotions, otherwise the puppy will start to ignore the nickname.
As strange as it may sound, the owner must learn to growl. The puppy spends the first days of his life with his mother, who, with a growl, lets him know that he is overly addicted to the game or is playing naughty. If the puppy did not obey, the mother could bite him lightly. Thus, a conditioned reflex is formed in him that growling is a threat of punishment. Use this skill, and growl at the pet at the necessary moments to stop him if he does something reprehensible.
Let the puppy get used to various manipulations from the first days of his stay: several times a day take him to your lap, shake, pat, examine his eyes, ears and paws. Perseverance will help you gain obedience. While eating, interfere with the process by moving the bowl back and taking some food out of it. If he growls, suppress it with a return growl, or with a slap if that doesn’t work. Let him feel your power.
Do not forget that a properly built hierarchical relationship will greatly facilitate the process of further dog training. Therefore, it is important not to undermine the puppy’s confidence by being overly addicted to harsh parenting methods. The owner must be strict, but fair, only then he has a chance to gain authority and become a leader for the puppy.
Initial getting used to your place
An equally important part of puppy training is introducing the pet to its place. To organize the corner, you can use whatever you see fit. a basket, pillows, a rug. When the puppy falls asleep, he must be immediately taken to his corner.
The puppy must understand that this corner belongs only to him.
It happens that a booth is equipped for a dog. You need to give your pet the opportunity to independently explore their home. Weather conditions are also important: it is easier to train the puppy to enter the booth in pouring rain than in the heat. You can motivate your pet using treats.
At what age to start
In principle, there are no special restrictions here. The sooner you start, the better. We mean, of course, a reasonable starting age. Don’t expect your puppy to understand you two weeks old. Start right where you pick up your puppy from the breeder. A couple of days to adapt and you can start even if the puppy is only one month old. He will be good at mastering the simplest commands and skills.
Required commands to get started
It is easier to walk and play with a well-bred puppy, so it is important to teach him to understand the simplest tasks. The pet must know and respond to his name and be able to execute the commands “Nearby”, “To me!” and “Place”.
Start classes by accustoming the puppy to the nickname. To do this, try to pronounce his name out loud more often with the most benevolent shades in your voice. When your pet begins to respond to your call, be sure to encourage him.
Collar and leash addiction
An important part of raising a pet is introducing the puppy to training equipment. It is best to train your dog to the collar and leash right away, because this process will go much faster.
Let the puppy play with them first. As soon as he gets used to them and they are not interesting to him, start the training process.
Place the collar on your puppy for a few minutes. The owner must distract the pet’s attention from him in various playful ways.
Once the puppy is accustomed to the collar, you can introduce him to the leash. It should be understood that for your pet these things are toys at first, so let him familiarize himself with them and play. Then the introduction to the ammunition will go faster.
Some breeders use an electric collar for training. It differs from the usual one in that the owner can give a signal if the dog does not follow the command correctly. The strength of the impulse depends on the person. But some dog owners believe that this is not a very humane way of training. Others are of the opinion that it greatly simplifies the process of raising a dog.
Each dog must understand that she has her own corner, her own territory in her apartment. When the owner gives such a command, an obedient dog should go there. A pet can fall asleep anywhere, but it must know its place.
Where to begin
The success of the training depends to a large extent on how well you prepare for the training. The puppy should feel as comfortable as possible. For the first lessons you will need: a collar, a leash, a treat.
The first sessions should not last longer than 10 minutes. But they need to be carried out 2-3 times a day.
For the first trainings, it is better to choose the territory with which the puppy is familiar. Or if you have chosen a new site, then give it time to get comfortable. There should be no distractions and strangers on the site.
Allow your dog to frolic before starting to exercise. this will release excess energy. There is no need to repeat the commands to the puppy many times during the lesson. he must learn that they need to be performed from the first or second time.
Reward your pet only for the completed task. As a reward, don’t use treats that you eat yourself. In addition, dry food is not suitable for a reward.
But above all, the owner must seriously and responsibly approach home training. He must understand that training is a sequential process, work that needs to be given a sufficient amount of time and attention. Therefore, plan your training schedule ahead of time to make it more effective.
Why does a puppy need it?
You need to start raising a puppy right away, until he has formed habits. the training process will be much easier. If you are actively involved in the upbringing of your pet, then he will perceive you not just as a friend with whom you can play, but also as a leader.
Training allows you to maximally socially adapt the dog to interact with other animals and people. During such activities, a person gets to know his pet better and knows what to expect from him in different situations. It is important to set a goal before each lesson. this way the upbringing process will be much more effective.
How to start training your dog at home
Puppies always cause affection in others. Some find it cute when a small pet chews on slippers and other objects, jumps a lot, and they do not consider it necessary to start training. But you need to educate a dog from the first months of its life. In order for you to have a well-mannered friend, it is important to take his training seriously.
You already know where to start training a puppy. accustoming to a nickname and a collar with a leash. What to teach next? Since the dog is still in childhood, it will not learn complex commands, and long training will be tiring and leave a negative impression. Therefore, you can count on the following commands:
Each block is given about 3-4 months, depending on the intellect and psyche of the dog. That is, the young dog completes the program by about one and a half years. If training at home allowed the puppy to master this basic level, then we can say that the owner did just fine.
How to start training a puppy? Service dog breeding
Each owner wants his dog to be educated and follow a certain set of commands. To achieve a positive result, experts advise starting work with a four-legged friend as early as possible, preferably from puppyhood. How to start training a puppy, how much time to devote and how often to conduct classes. read about all this in the article.
Basic rules for raising a puppy
Before telling where to start training a puppy, you should learn the following rules:
- You can start training only if the dog is healthy, cheerful and vigorous. Do not try to teach commands to a sick or tired four-legged friend.
- After the puppy gets into the house, you need to give him time to adapt to the new environment, get used to the new food, and fall in love with his master. Experts say that five days is enough for a puppy to adapt.
- Before you start training a puppy, you need to train him to a collar and a leash.
- The lesson should be carried out in a playful way, as with a child, its duration at one time should not exceed 40-60 minutes, otherwise the baby will get tired and stop listening, become lethargic or capricious.
- The main motive for the puppy. praise and delicacy, so it is advisable not to feed him too tightly before training.
- Choose only one command for one action or another and do not change it. If the puppy has learned the command “Come to me!”, He will not understand your call “Come here!”.
Another important point. the result of education depends on the breed of the dog. For example, training a shepherd puppy, St. Bernard, Rottweiler, Boxer, Dachshund, Poodle will be successful. Training small breeds is always more difficult, because the nervous system of small dogs is weaker, they are more susceptible to stress, and get tired faster.
Training of the command “Near!” one of the most difficult lessons for both the puppy and the owner. You will need to teach your dog to walk on the left side side by side, without running ahead or lagging behind. You need to start a lesson at the very end of an active walk. When the four-legged friend frolic, take the leash in your left hand, and in your right at the level of the muzzle. delicacy. Go forward so that the puppy runs after the treat, repeat “Nearby!” All the time. After a few meters, stop, give the baby something tasty, praise him. Do some reps. This team may take a week or more to study.
After the first commands are mastered, they are executed immediately and in no particular order, you can continue the training course and go to the second, more difficult block.
A puppy is easier to teach this command than an adult dog. The most common technique is to call a four-legged friend, show him a treat and, holding it in front of the dog’s face, slowly lift it up. As the puppy lifts its head, it will sit down, while you can gently press your palm on the dog’s rear, as if helping it to sit down. Simultaneously, when the baby sits on its hind legs, say “Sit!” and treat you with delicious.
The command is learned when the dog sits down on command and maintains this position for as long as its owner sees fit. It is better not to overdo it with a puppy with endurance, otherwise he will get tired and will be harmful.
Often the owners ask the question: “Is it possible for the dog to sleep with the owner in the same bed?” Not! Even small dogs need to know their place. It’s not just about hygiene or safety, but also that the dog needs to understand order and discipline.
It is not difficult to accustom the dog to the place. To do this, on the first day, when you bring the puppy into the house, and he gets to know the territory, take the baby to his bed and calmly say “place” several times. Whenever you see that the puppy is already trying to rest, take him in your arms and carry him to his bed, saying “place” in a calm tone.
You can’t teach a puppy to a place by putting a treat on his bed, because he will perceive this as a signal for action and will carry food there from a bowl.
The lesson is considered learned when the kid at the command “Place!” runs where it should be.
How to start training a puppy
The beginning is the same for everyone. the puppy should be accustomed to a nickname and a collar with a leash.
The dog very quickly gets used to the nickname. This does not require special exercises. It is enough just to each time referring to the pet, clearly pronounce his nickname, repeat it during the game, feeding, affection. It is important that the puppy has a positive association with his name, so at an early age, when scolding a dog, avoid pronouncing its name.
As a rule, the puppy gets used to the leash collar easily and painlessly. 5-6 days after the baby comes to your house, just put the collar on the puppy. Depending on the character and temperament, he may not notice it at all, or he may try to take it off or gnaw it. Distract your toddler with a bright object, treat, or play. Remove the collar just before bed. After that, it can be considered that the first day of training ended successfully. On the second day, put on the collar again, you can already attach a leash and even take it out for a walk.
Whats the right age to train my dog ?
The main thing is that the collar is soft, does not rub the baby’s neck, and the leash should be long enough for the puppy to walk with pleasure and can freely explore the world around him.