Puppy training. First steps
A 2-3 month old pet is quite ready to assimilate information at the level of a 4-5 year old child. Training a puppy is a process that is necessary from the first days of being at home. Let these be the simplest commands, for example: “Place”, “Lie down”, “You cannot”, “Fu”, “Come to me”. By the age of 6 months, the dog has already mastered them, and on a walk you will only have to consolidate the result.
A 6 month old puppy is roughly the age of a 10 year old. Active exploration of the surrounding world continues. He is already more confident in himself, and he can handle more difficult tasks, such as “Stand” or “Wait”. It is difficult for the puppy to remain still for a long time; complicate the tasks gradually, starting with a short exposure. Gradually, you can teach the puppy to retrieve. And, of course, all classes should be carried out in the form of a game, making sure to take breaks and not overworking the pet. Indeed, at such a young age, his nervous system is extremely sensitive.
Classes should be alternated with playing with other dogs, communicating with people and walking in different unfamiliar places. This allows him to socialize and teaches him to obey in different conditions and unfamiliar places.
From 6 to 10 months, the puppy turns into a young dog. His teeth have already changed. He is physically stronger, and puberty forces him to determine the status in your family. This is where what you painstakingly put into his young head from the first days of his life in your house will come in handy.
The main task is to explain to a young dog what exactly you want from it, what behavior you consider acceptable under certain conditions, which is not acceptable under any circumstances. All family members, including the smallest and oldest, must adhere to the same set of rules. If the owner has managed to correctly prioritize, will be consistent in requirements, without humiliating the dog, without treating it rudely, then the dog will grow obedient, even if it has not been trained in special training courses.
It is important to remember that the dog is conservative, she loves predictability, it is easier for her to live in conditions of established and unbreakable rules.
How to train a puppy
The desire to caress, pamper and just love a little dog is quite natural and more pleasant than the desire to engage in his upbringing. Why? Because at first this little live and such a defenseless lump is simply a pity. It is unclear how and what he can be taught at such a tender age. It will grow up.
The biggest mistake novice owners make is to wait for the dog to grow up. This will happen much faster than you think, and by that time the grown-up puppy will begin to train you, because the age of the dog is not comparable to the age of the person. Therefore, we must know how our pet grows and develops.
Dog Training 101: How to Train ANY DOG the Basics
Good behavior and obedience should be developed from an early age. Puppy training should be started as early as possible because at an early age, dogs show their best learning ability. Your pet should learn the basic rules of behavior both at home and outdoors from an early age. Along with training, it is important to ensure correct socialization and adaptation. This will help your puppy become a confident and well-balanced adult dog and avoid nervousness that can lead to destructive behavior.
Training your puppy to the toilet
When you bring your puppy home, most likely it will not be fully toilet trained yet, so in the first weeks of its life you may experience “embarrassment”.
Puppies raised in good conditions clearly understand the boundaries of their habitat and quickly choose a place for their needs, usually away from the sleeping place, where you can put a diaper until they are fully accustomed to the street.
There are a number of tricks that can help you avoid this situation:
- Check with the breeder if the puppy has been trained to walk on a diaper. If so, choose a secluded place where the puppy will not be disturbed and spread out the correct diaper for the size of the puppy. If the puppy has not been diaper accustomed, mark the spots where the puppy sat down and spread them out there. Praise if he went to the diaper. Gradually move it to the place that will be convenient for you.
- For a short period, you can put the puppy in the playpen or cage when you cannot look after him. Dogs rarely go to the toilet where they sleep, as they consider such places to be safe spaces for themselves and strive to keep them clean.
- Establish a regular feeding schedule. This will make it easier for you to care for your puppy as it will most likely need to be removed to the toilet after feeding.
- It is important to reward your puppy for “good behavior”, so praise him when he does “his business” outside.
- If you live in a private home, go outside with your puppy so you can praise him on time.
- Never punish or scold a puppy who is embarrassed. Instead, try to prevent this happening so that he can do it when he needs it.
- Do not expect your puppy to “signal” that he needs to use the toilet. Most dogs will not learn to communicate their needs until they can control their urges in the house. Walk your pet regularly.
Bring your puppy out frequently. after each feed and after sleep, as well as before bedtime and in the morning, as soon as you get up yourself. so that he gets used to this schedule. At first, take him to the same place every time so that he recognizes his scent.
If you notice him spinning or sniffing the floor in the room, this is a clear sign that he needs to use the toilet. In case of “embarrassment”, do not scold the puppy, but disinfect the area to eliminate the smell. However, do not clean while he is in the room to avoid increased interest on his part, and do not use chlorine-based products.
The difference between the commands “fu” and “no
The dog must clearly understand: which action is indicated by this or that command? To do this, you must figure out what is the difference between the command “fu” and “no”.
The “fu” command is used to prohibit the animal from picking up / taking off certain food from the floor.
“No” is used as a prohibition on the provoked animal to perform any action: running after a cat, jumping on the owner and guests, climbing on the sofa, chasing birds, and so on.
It is important to choose what the dog still likes as a less tasty treat, otherwise it will not be of any use.
- Take a treat and hold it in your fist. First, let the dog smell the treat without giving it back.
- Sit down in front of the dog, keeping your fist at the level of the dog’s nose. The dog will try to get food by licking his fist. The pet may start barking. At this point, your job is to anticipate and track the behavior you want. Desired behavior means distracting the dog from the food fist. As soon as the dog turned away, sniffed the ground, or began to do some other action, distracted from the treat, immediately open your palm and praise the pet. Repeat this several times until the animal understands what is required of him. You must explain to the dog that he will receive a treat only at the moment when he does not look at your fist, in which the treat is clamped.
- Raise the criteria gradually. Make sure that the dog is not looking at a specific object, except for the fist, but at you. Encourage any kind of eye contact. Give your dog time to think and wait while he looks you in the eye. As soon as you catch her eye, praise. After several such attempts, increase the gaze duration. Treat your pet first after a second of eye contact, gradually moving to two, three, four or more seconds.
Just do not overdo it and do not make the activity too monotonous and boring.
At what age to teach
Teaching commands such as “fu” and “no” should not be based on rigid methods. As soon as the puppy arrives at your house and gets comfortable (usually at the age of 1.5 to 3 months), you can start training it.
The lesson should be easy and playful.
If you decide to start training an adult animal, then do not think that this will be a difficult and impossible process. Every dog is trainable.
Many pet owners think that the skills “fu” and “no” are the commands that the owner should always pronounce in a harsh and rude tone, and that the dog should associate these exercises with something unpleasant.
Let’s look at it from a different perspective. Surely you have come across such situations when other people raised their voices at you. Remember if you wanted to fulfill their requirements in those moments?
Has your respect and trust in these people increased? Of course no. In this regard, human logic is no different from that of a dog.
Training should always be done on a positive basis, no matter what team you learn.
The commands “fu” and “no” should be associated with the dog not with the prohibition (although we mean this), but with the distraction of the owner.
A pet, hearing the command “fu” should not think: “I really want to eat it, but it will fly to me from the owner, so I will definitely do it when he is not around,” but on the contrary: “Yes, this food is delicious, but I’m better I will look at my master, and he will give me twice as much, and even praise and play with me “.
- The lesson should be carried out in the usual room for the dog. At the first stages, on the street, it is likely that the dog will be distracted by external irritating factors: cars, children, cats, people, birds, dogs, and so on.
- Do not feed your pet several hours before training. A well-fed animal will not want to make attempts to get food, respectively, training a pet in this state will not bring a positive result.
- Only work with the four-legged when you yourself are in a good mood. Being in good shape, you transfer this state to the dog, and he works with a greater share of positive and motivation.
- Have an activity with a vigorous animal. If your pet, for example, has been walking in the woods for half a day or has spent a lot of time in a training lesson, give him a rest and reschedule the training to another day. A tired dog will not strive to work, laying out the maximum of his strengths.
- Consider the desires and mood of your pet. It often happens when a dog is not in the mood for work, but he really wants, for example, to play. So why not offer your pet a game? It is important not to overdo it and do not give the dog constant indulgences.
And the next lesson will be studying the command “Sit!” Help your pet get into the position you want to see. To do this, with a slight effort, press it on the back, and say “Sit!” The dog will try to get up, so for some time you need to hold it in this position, repeating the command. Then remove your hand. If the four-legged does not make attempts to get up, then praise him, give a treat.
This is how Jack will execute the command “Sit!”.
We press on the withers
The second option to teach the dog to commands, namely the command “Lie down!”, Is a method of applying a little effort. Say firmly “Lie down!” At the same time, with your left hand, begin to press the puppy on the withers. With your right hand, gradually pull the front paws of the dog forward, placing it in the “reclining” position. When the four-legged lies down, hold it in this position for a few seconds. If he tries to get up, repeat “lie down” and press down on the withers again, preventing the dog from rising.
Most important team
So, before teaching the dog commands, it is important to teach him the most basic and most important of them. to teach the puppy to respond to the nickname. Animals perceive their own nickname as a command “Attention” and await further instructions from you.
The nickname should be clear, sonorous and short. Pronounce it correctly, without distortion. The very first days, when the puppy just appeared in your house, say his name constantly, like a parrot. Only in this way the baby will understand that they are referring to him.
It is not recommended to pronounce the nickname before each command, otherwise the dog will respond to commands only after you pronounce his name.
Train the dog to command “Fu!” it is necessary in order to stop or prevent her unwanted behavior. With this command, the dog must unconditionally stop the action he started (whether it be a bone grabbed on the street, or unexpected aggression against someone or something). For this activity, you need to take the baby on a leash.
Next, we do the following. We find any irritant. It can be a piece of sausage or an object that the puppy likes. We bring the four-legged to a short distance to the object. As soon as he tries to grab the object, he must pull the dog towards him with the help of a leash, loudly and clearly say “Fu!” At the same time, there is no need to jerk the leash and shout sharply and convulsively. Repeat the exercise several times. Remember to give your pet a treat.
Team “Come to me!
After mastering the main command, it is necessary to teach the dog commands that are no less important and necessary. And the next main command is “Come to me!”.
This is one of the most important commands that your pet should unquestioningly approach you when he hears it. Why is this command so important? Yes, because it is, first of all, the safety of the animal itself. The dog often communicates with his relatives, and in case of conflict situations between them, he must return to you at the first call. Or, if the four-legged is on a walk “in free swimming” and runs far away from you, you can always call him to you with this command.
Put your friend on a long leash, loudly and clearly pronounce the command “Come to me!” and pull the dog towards you. Treat him with a treat. Repeat the lesson several times. As your pet begins to understand, increase the distance between yourself and the furry. Repeat the exercise in different places and at different times.
With a leash
Place the collar ring on the four-legged collar right under its neck. Command “Lie!” and start pulling the leash towards you. This will automatically force the dog to lie down.
Over time, when giving the command “Lie down!”, Your pet must quickly and correctly lie down and maintain this position until the next command is given.
This is how we try to teach the dog commands. Dzhekushka performs the command “Lie down!”.
In order to quickly teach the dog commands, it is advisable to use the most comfortable conditions. If you train outdoors, choose dry and warm weather (this is especially true for the “Lie down!” Command). Do not force the caudate to lie down for a long time. The whole process of training should bring joy to the dog. She should take it as a game, not as a duty.
How to Teach The First 7 Things To Your Dog: Sit, Leave it, Come, Leash walking, Name.)
Commands for dogs 8 February 2012 | Categories: Dog training and education
A command is a short, precise verbal order, followed by immediate execution. First of all, dogs are taught the commands “Lie down” and “Sit”. Basic commands for dogs
The dog learns the basic commands on the OKD (general course of training). It includes the commands: “To me”, “Next”, “Fu”, “Aport”, “Give”, “Sit”, “Stand”, “Lie down”, “Place”, “Berrier”. Also, the dog learns to show the bite, calmly relate to the muzzle, shots, and also endurance on commands.
At what age to start teaching a dog commands?
You can educate and train a dog at any age. But the older the dog, the more difficult it will be for him to learn the commands. The optimal age for a puppy is 2-3.5 months.
At the age of three months, they usually begin to learn the commands “Walk”, “To me” and “Place”. From 3.5 months, when the previous commands have been mastered, you can go to the limiting commands: “Fu”, “Lie down” and “sit”.
Different breeds require a different approach to parenting. For example, bull terriers can perform initial commands as early as one month old, and at one and a half months they perform the command “Aport”.
One owner managed to train his dog to pronounce 12 short phrases in English quite legibly:
When a standard list has been learned, it is sometimes supplemented with original commands. For example: “Don’t touch the cat!”, “Show the bunny”.
- “Scratching”. the dog scratches his ears;
- “Wake up daddy”. jumps on the bed, starts pushing the hostess’s husband with his head;
- “Be shy”. covers the muzzle with a paw;
- “Hello”. waving his paw;
- “Where is the tail”. catches its own tail;
- “Dig”. digs the ground;
- “You agree?”. nods his head;
- “Bring a drink”. takes any bottle and drags it to the owner;
- “Call”. barks in front of the door after a walk;
- “Repent”. lies down and covers the muzzle;
- “Show the swallow”. lifts his hind leg and freezes.
Dogs are smarter than meets the eye. Each new team is an interesting educational game for them. Don’t limit yourself to learning basic commands. Get creative with the development of your pet and get positive emotions from it.