home Article At what age to train a Labrador puppy

At what age to train a Labrador puppy

Puppy behavior on the street

For the safety of not only the puppy, but also the people around him, you need to teach him the basic rules of behavior. They are as follows:

  • the dog must restrain himself, even at the sight of people he knows, not run to them, not rush;
  • the pet should not come into contact with strangers, as it can go after them and get lost;
  • you should not be allowed to pick up food from the floor or take it from someone else’s hands.

How to toilet train your puppy

A small pet goes to the toilet as soon as it wakes up, and also after eating. To understand that the time has come is quite simple, the dog begins to behave restlessly, tries to find a place. May also whine softly.

It is important to catch this moment, then try to attract his attention, distract him with a voice, a ball. The animal must respond to the actions of the owner, this will release the urge for a while, during this time it will be possible to lay a diaper into which the puppy will have to recover.

If you act this way regularly, then after a while he will learn to walk on his own to the tray, to the diaper or to a specially allotted time.

The main mistakes in training

It is imperative to know the rules of how to raise a Labrador. Otherwise, you can make a lot of fatal mistakes that will play a cruel joke later. The most common mistakes are:

  • Irregular exercise. Training, like grooming, should be done daily.
  • Excessive softness. Leads to the fact that the dog does not take commands seriously, you need to be strict, in case of disobedience. punish.
  • Ignoring consistency. The owner begins to teach a new command when the dog has not yet completed the previous one.
  • Groundless encouragement. You cannot praise a dog if he has not completely fulfilled the desired requirement.
  • Conducting your workout in a place full of distractions. This distracts the pet and prevents him from fully concentrating on the task.

At what age to start to educate

It is necessary to start training a Labrador puppy as early as possible, at an early age they are much better trained. Faster understand what is good and what is bad.

Cynologists believe that the best time for education is 1.5-2 months. Kids are more likely to master the rules of behavior, and also have not yet had time to get bad habits.

Already grown up dog begins to teach more complex commands. When everything is mastered, then on a regular basis they repeat everything they have passed.

train, labrador, puppy

The pet must have its own place in the apartment.

The main mistakes in education

The main mistakes that Labrador owners make when raising are inconsistency in actions, as well as being too soft.

In the first case, the owners try to teach the pet everything at once, give the puppy tasks that an adult and already trained pet can hardly perform. This cannot be done.

In the second, people themselves break the rules, they allow the pet to climb onto the sofa when he should sleep only in his place. They treat him from their table, despite the fact that the dog has its own bowl. All these mistakes lead to the fact that the dog becomes naughty, behaves as he wants.

You can train pets in play form. They will happily bring things, follow along and give voice when required.

Raising and training a Labrador retriever: the basics of successful team learning

Every dog ​​owner dreams of his pet growing up smart and obedient. Unfortunately, not everyone can achieve this. Actually, this is why it is so important to figure out how to raise a Labrador, which commands the dog should know. Only with timely and correct training can the desired success be achieved.

Accustoming to the place and order in the house

It is equally important to accustom your pet to a place to sleep and eat. The main thing is not to miss this moment of learning, otherwise the pet will sleep in a shared bed, on a sofa and an armchair. This is not very good, since the dog is quite large, it tends to molt, so there will be a lot of cleaning. In addition, it is extremely difficult to wean an adult Labrador from bad habits, it will take a lot of time and effort. The place must meet the following requirements:

  • to be cozy;
  • convenient;
  • soft;
  • fit the size of the dog.

At the very beginning, the puppy will deny him, try to climb onto the bed to the owner. During this period, it is necessary to carry the baby in his arms to his house. Over time, he will get used to it, it will be enough to say “Place” for him to go to his place.

Features of the breed that are important in training

Even at the stage of choosing a puppy, you need to pay attention to the behavioral characteristics of the dog, find out about the nature of his parents. The fact is that the upbringing of a Labrador is influenced by such qualities as temperament, intelligence. Aggressive pets should be discarded first.

If you want to find yourself a true friend, then the sanguine-minded retriever boys will do. Usually they are distinguished by cheerfulness, vigor and activity.

Those wishing to find a “nanny” for their children should pay attention to a calm girl who has a stable psyche.

Labradors proved to be excellent search engines and guides

But if you need a guard or a watchman, then the dog will not be suitable for these purposes, since it is absolutely not aggressive. But he will become an excellent guide, rescuer or search engine.

In any case, each dog should be able to perform the following commands:

  • “Fu!” It is not difficult to accustom to this forbidding command. As soon as the pet has made an undesirable action, you need to pull it by the collar, saying “Fu” in a stern voice.
  • “Lie down” and “Sit”. These commands are similar in training. It is necessary to show the dog a piece of meat, and then lightly press on the withers in the first case, or on the sacrum in the second. After the puppy completes the task, you need to give him a treat.
  • “Voice” and “Quiet” are also included in the basic training course, these commands must be known to a dog that has reached one year of age. It is necessary to seat the pet in front of you, pronounce the command loudly, after barking, give him a treat. The same manipulations are carried out with the “Tycho” team.
  • “Nearby”. It is necessary to show the pet a treat, take a leash and invite him to follow alongside. If the conditions are met, then you need to present him with an award.
  • “Bring it.” First, you should teach the dog the command “Give”, you need to tease him with some object, and then give it to him. After. pick up, saying clearly “Give”, if he returns the thing, then praise. After mastering this command for a Labrador, you need to use the same technique to teach to bring objects.

How to stop pulling a leash

Most often, the reason that the Labrador pulls the leash is the improper behavior of the owner, who does not understand the psychology of the animal.

When the dog pulls on the leash, it means that it is she, and not the owner, who owns the situation, and it becomes unclear who is walking whom.

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To solve this problem, you need to follow these rules:

  • keep the leash free from the very beginning;
  • when moving, periodically follow the dog and from time to time make it turn where you want, using a treat, toy or target;
  • while moving, try to constantly maintain contact with the dog by voice, gestures, rewards for correct behavior;
  • always, when the Labrador starts to pull the leash, stop or walk back (the dog needs to understand that as soon as it pulls the leash, the movement to the goal stops, it is useless to resist).

Naturally, these rules are easier to apply when the Labrador is still small. Therefore, raising a dog, including weaning to pull, should be started from an early age.

Do not solve the problem of a tight leash by putting on a strict collar or, even more so, a collar with an electric shock! The Labrador is not a breed that calls for such extreme measures.

How to toilet train and diaper at home

As a rule, the puppy urinates immediately after sleeping / playing / 15 minutes after eating, and before cleansing the intestines, he worries for a while, looks for a comfortable place, sometimes whining.

Noticing that the puppy is getting ready to recover, you need to quickly draw his attention to yourself with some kind of exclamation.

The pet will react, its urges will recede for a short time, and there will be an opportunity to put a diaper on. In this case, be sure to be patient and wait for the mandrel!

Over time, he will develop the necessary reflex, and when he needs to go to the toilet, he will do it on a diaper without assistance.

How to stop jumping on people

The need for jumping, as a kind of welcome ritual, is formed from puppyhood. The purpose of these jumps is to get food. Therefore, the puppy seeks to get to the face of the owner (or another person): he jumps instinctively, as he bites.

In such situations, some advise with a knee kick to stop the dog and squeeze its front paws. This is not worth doing. There are much more humane and no less effective methods.

It is possible together with the command “No!” or “You can’t!” stretch out the palm of the hand towards the animal and step forward towards it, or encourage alternative behavior.

It is possible that the Labrador, as an extremely active and cheerful dog, will take a lot of time.

Experts advise to practice endurance on many, many people, in various situations, to encourage a treat for not jumping, then the desired behavior pattern will be formed and the dog will stop jumping.

If the dog is on a leash and is about to jump on someone, you need to sharply pull the leash.

Training scheme

The results of training will be the more successful, the earlier education is started.

The main thing is not to subdue the animal by intimidation, physical punishment, pressure, but to establish strong friendly relations with it, based on mutual trust and understanding.

That is why, before the age of six months, the Labrador must have time to train his pet to carry out basic commands, even if the submission is not yet clear and impeccable, but the dog will be familiar with the basic norms of behavior.

The earliest age at which a dog ends up in his new home is 1.5-2 months. From this time it is worth starting the process of education.

Below is an approximate scheme of upbringing and training a Labrador:

If you stick to this schedule by the end of the first year of life, the Labrador will become a well-bred dog.

If the puppy cannot get used to cleanliness after 6 months of age, subject to proper toilet training, it is necessary, together with the veterinarian, to look for problems in the psyche or physiology of the pet.

Reflex types

Reflex. the response of the nervous system to irritation. can be conditioned and unconditioned.

Unconditioned reflexes, given by nature, constant and unchanging reactions of the body, include:

  • unconditioned reflexes of a newborn puppy (sucking, swallowing, crawling), helping him to adapt to the world around him;
  • more complex unconditioned reflexes (food, orientation, movement, search, play, sexual, parenting).

Unconditioned reflexes serve as the basis for training conditioned reflexes, which are so necessary for training dogs.

They, in turn, are divided into natural (formed only in response to the natural qualities of the stimulus) and artificial (those that are formed as a result of extraneous stimuli).

Reaction to the voice and appearance of the owner. a natural conditioned reflex, it is formed naturally, without any effort and does not fade out for a long time.

The reaction to the sound of a command, gesture, whistle is an artificial conditioned reflex, which is slowly formed and quickly fades away without constant training and proper reinforcement.

Dog training is based precisely on the varied use of artificial conditioned reflexes.

Are they well trained?

Labrador Retriever is an intelligent and obedient dog, confident in its abilities.

Labradors are persistent in achieving their goals and always want to please the owner. These two qualities make the breed one of the most successfully trained dogs.

In Stanley Koren’s ranking, Labradors are ranked 7th out of 80 in their ability to understand a new command in less than 5 reps, leaving behind Rottweilers, Spaniels, Schnauzers.

At what age do you need to start training?

From about the age of 1.5 months, the second period of socialization of the dog begins, which is most suitable for education and initial training, which can be considered the initial stage of training.

Positive habits and catchy reflexes are developed quickly and easily.

Labrador Retriever Puppy Training Guide. First Week Puppy Training ️

The nervous system reacts vividly to favorable and not very favorable external influences. The general level of physical and emotional activity is high, therefore, the orientation-exploratory reaction prevails in the activity of the puppy.

Already from such a small age of the puppy, the owner must constantly observe the established rules and require the dog to comply with them: if it is impossible, then it is impossible all his life, without exceptions.

For example, if you do not plan to let a 35-kilogram dog into your bed in the future, then a taboo should be imposed on this for a 1.5-month-old puppy; if you do not want the joyful from meeting you and dirty dog ​​the size of a small calf enthusiastically jumping on your face, then you cannot allow the puppy.

Education from an early age at home is the basis for strengthening the relationship between the owner and the dog.

Where to start education and how much you need to train

A puppy is like a small child: he needs care, affectionate, but demanding upbringing and love. From the moment the puppy appears in the house, its upbringing and training must begin with accustoming to the nickname and to the hands.

You need to help the puppy to be in the company of people, other pets, not to be afraid of noisy or harsh sounds, to teach it to the order and routine of the day.

Already at this age, when the puppy is not yet out on the street, you should begin to accustom him to a collar and a leash attached to it: the owner’s task is to convey to the baby that this is not scary.

At this stage, education will not take much time: 5-10 minutes a day for each skill, while constantly confirming the need for the expected behavioral reactions from the dog with his confident, calm behavior and the puppy will be prepared for further, more serious training.

Do not tighten the collar too tight (2 fingers should pass freely under it) or very loose.

At what age can a puppy be trained?

It is arranged by nature that puppies begin to see at two weeks of age. Then they begin to explore the world on their own, leaving their mother’s den and getting a little stronger. During this period, mothers still do not allow anyone to actively contact their offspring, jealously guarding it even from the owner and protecting it from prying eyes. At an early age, it is only the mother who is engaged in raising young animals. She is also responsible for the socialization of the puppies. So when can you start training them? Find out in detail.

At what age can a puppy be trained?

At what age can a puppy be trained??

At four weeks of age, the puppy is mobile, cheerful and trusting. He begins a period of socialization, when he learns to communicate with relatives, people and the world around him. From 3 to 16-20 weeks (it depends on the characteristics of the breed) the puppy should get to know as many types of people, dogs and situations as possible.

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At this time, he needs to learn the language of his species, otherwise he will not be able to communicate with relatives, will not become interested in the opposite sex, and will not be able to take care of his own offspring. If a puppy of this age will communicate only with adults, he will not understand that small children are people too, and may even begin to hunt them. It is imperative that the puppy is well socialized, therefore from 3 to 16 weeks is a critical age that determines the entire subsequent life of your pet.
Naturally, this is also the best age to start training, because:

  • 1) Training is not only and not so much learning a skill. By training your dog, you give him the key to understanding humans. She begins to distinguish praise from censure, learns your gestures, becomes more attached to the owner, learns to understand where your attention is directed.
  • 2) Training is the path to gentle, friendly communication with the dog. Almost every ban command, like “ugh!” or “no!” can be replaced with the command “to me” or “sit”. If the puppy grabs a slipper or rests its front paws on you, punishment will only direct his attention to what he is doing. And although he may begin to fear punishment (or the owner himself), he will no longer forget about the slippers or his paws on the master’s coat. The command tells the dog not what it should not do, but what it should do in this situation. The puppy’s attention is directed to the execution of commands, they are fixed, and the undesirable behavior disappears from his memory.
  • 3) Training is a way to diversify a puppy’s life, and therefore better socialize him. Working with the dog, not letting its development take its course, you yourself will feel what exactly your puppy is afraid of, what else you need to acquaint him with. And during classes, he will constantly cope with new tasks for him and develop his ingenuity.
  • 4) Around 3 to 12 weeks of age, the puppy develops play behavior. If you skip this period, it will be much more difficult to play the dog, and it will prefer to follow the commands for the treat, toys will interest it to a lesser extent.

It doesn’t matter when it comes to a pet, but canine athletes know how valuable the love of playing with dogs is when preparing for performances in obedience, agility, freestyle, and protective service. good work on the sleeve depends on how much and rightly they played with the dog in childhood.
However, there are two very serious reasons why dogs begin training after 16 weeks:

  • 1) Vaccinations. Unfortunately, in big cities, the likelihood of catching a deadly infection for a puppy is very high, so you have to be careful about vaccinations and observe quarantine. However, while the quarantine is in progress, the puppy skips the socialization period. The owner needs to remember that 15 years with a “crazy psycho” in an apartment will not give him any pleasure, even if this tailed abnormal is physically healthy. Therefore, as soon as the quarantine is over, you should not waste a minute to socialize the dog. Usually, the owners have only 2-4 weeks left in order to fill the gaps in the development of their pet.
  • 2) Training methods. It has been experimentally proven that training based on the so-called “mechanics” (when the dog is pressed with hands, trying to form its posture) leads to the fact that the dog becomes stupid. She stops showing initiative and does not try to solve the problem on her own. Such training does not help the puppy to develop, but, on the contrary, spoils it.

About 16 weeks old is still an age with a very strong memory. In addition, in many dogs (it depends on the breed of your pet) 3-4 months is the beginning of the “age of fears”, when the puppy learns to distinguish between dangerous and safe. All events that take place with the puppy and the people and dogs around him are literally “imprinted” in the memory of the baby. If you begin to punish the puppy physically, or if someone severely punishes his dog in the presence of your pet, this will have irreversible consequences: later they will manifest themselves in the fear of all people or people with some special appearance, perhaps in the fear of dogs or special situations. For example, if, in front of your puppy, someone on the training ground severely punished their dog, so that it tucked its tail or even screeched, your puppy will remember that dogs are in pain on the grounds. This will affect both group lessons and sports performances.
The only punishment applicable at this age is “time out,” ignoring the dog for a few minutes. You need to be careful even to raise your voice to the puppy. one dog will take it calmly, the other. nervously.

Remember:
DOG REARING EFFICIENCY IS NOT ASSOCIATED WITH PHYSICAL PUNISHMENT.

The only important thing is at what moment and how you influence the dog. If you do everything at the right moment, then you achieve the result without jerking or spanking the dog. If you have to physically punish the dog, then you are not guided in the situation, are late or in a hurry, or simply give vent to irritation. All this leads to a negative result in training.
Training a puppy around 16 weeks of age to benefit both the dog and the owner should involve only two methods.

  • 1) Taste-encouraging. The dog is taught to follow a piece of treat or a toy. Then the treat is turned on in such a way that the puppy has to sit down, lie down, stand up, or do something else to get the reward.
  • 2) Operant. The owner calmly observes the dog and, as soon as she accidentally made some necessary movement, gives her a treat. At first, the dog makes the necessary movement very rarely, but gradually she begins to understand that there is some kind of connection between her behavior and reward. Having mastered several commands in this way, the dog begins to invent and offer the owner this or that movement. the person only has to choose what to encourage the pet for.

There are already training grounds where instructors use the described two methods to train all dogs: both puppies and adults. Such training is safe for the psyche of a dog of any age, moreover, it allows to achieve much better results in training and helps to establish mutual understanding between the dog and the owner. Therefore, you can start practicing in educational training groups at such sites immediately after the end of quarantine or 2 weeks after the puppy appears in your house. The best age for a puppy to start training is 3.5-4 months.

To lie down

If your pet has learned the command “sit”, consider that he has already almost learned to “lie”. We give the command to “sit”, wait for the four-legged to fulfill it, and then show him a delicacy in his hand, which we gradually move to the side at floor level. At this moment, when the animal begins to reach for the tasty treat, we give the command to “lie down” and push the dog a little on the withers, preventing it from jumping onto its paws. The dog will reach for the hand with the treat and will stretch into the correct position.

The second stage. we learn this command using a gesture (see figure). Add the gesture to the voice command when the pet begins to lie down on its own, without your hand on the withers. Then gradually increase the distance from which the dog executes the command.

Puppy training at home

Stand

What is the best age for learning?

Socialization of a puppy is his ability to communicate with his own kind and with people, mastering basic skills of hygiene and behavior. It actively begins at the age of one month, when the dog already sees well, stands confidently and moves on its paws, has received maternal immunity. If at this time he is still living with his mother, then he must necessarily communicate with relatives, people, be able to study the world around him, its smells. Up to 16 weeks, the puppy must, in addition to the owner, get to know other people, change the home environment to the street one, and know his nickname. It is from this age that dog handlers advise to start training the ward, because there are the following reasons for this:

  • At 4 months old, a young pet already distinguishes censure and praise, understands the owner’s gestures, catches his mood and becomes more attached to him, feeling the leader in him.
  • At this age, the puppy still retains play behavior. This means that it can be taught through playing with stimulation with treats rather than toys. Cynologists emphasize that at an early age it is important to play with a young pet, so that later it will be easier to train.
  • Training serves as a method of gentle communication with the ward. Forbidden commands prevent unwanted actions of the dog, while stimulating commands encourage activity. Training brings variety to the dog’s life, helps to socialize it. During training, it is easier for the owner to notice what the dog is afraid of.
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Regular and correct exercises with a tailed pet, started in a timely manner, give good results. But the owner should immediately tune in to the fact that even in one litter there are more smart, quick-reacting puppies. Others need 10 lessons instead of 5 to master a certain command. Usually thoroughbred dogs begin to respond to their nickname after 5-6 days, provided that it is simple, short. Simple, mongrel, puppies will need approximately two weeks to memorize their name.

Sit

Take a treat in your hand and bring your fist to the pet’s face so that he smells it. Slowly raise your hand up so that the dog reaches for the treat, lifting its nose. At this point, intuitively, dogs most often sit down.

Voice the command. If the dog sits down by itself, give a treat. If not, repeat the command and lightly press down on the sacrum with your hand. After several such repetitions, the animals understand what they want from them.

Second phase. After the dog begins to sit down, it becomes simply unbearable to receive the coveted treat.

When the dog stops jumping up to the moment of receiving the treat, proceed to the third stage. Show the command with a gesture (see figure). The command is considered to be learned when the dog begins to execute it at a distance of 2. 3 meters.

Puppy training at home

Alone in an unfamiliar world

The puppy needs to learn many secrets until he becomes an adult. If you establish uniform rules for his whole life from the first day, it will be much easier for him to get used to order in the house, and in the future you will no longer have to torment the dog’s nerves. Imagine for a moment that you were torn away from your family, and you found yourself in a foreign country, where they speak an unfamiliar language and live according to rules you do not understand. Today you did something and did not react to it in any way, and the next day you were reprimanded for the same. How to get comfortable in such a situation? Or, from the very beginning, they took you by the hand and showed you where to sleep, every day they explain what you can and cannot do. Here you want. you don’t want to, but you will try to adapt to local traditions, and over time you will learn to understand what was said and adhere to the rules.

The same happens with a puppy: human logic is incomprehensible to him. There are no stupid dogs, there are unscrupulous people. You are a person, an owner, and it depends only on you how smart and understanding your dog grows up. Now there is a lot of different literature on how to train a puppy, read a few books. Think over as many clear rules as possible, be able to convey them to the dog in an understandable form, do not be afraid to spend a lot of time on this. Your work will not remain meaningless, you will be patient. the dog will remember all the lessons and in the future will act correctly in various situations.

Tips from a specialist

For a novice owner, before training a dog, it does not hurt to listen to the opinion of professionals who will make the training effective:

  • Before class, you need to take your pet on a collar and leash, for convenience, you can spread a blanket.
  • One command can be repeated no more than 2 times.
  • The sequence of commands must be in any form.
  • Training time should be no more than 1.5 hours.
  • It is necessary to maintain an interval between commands, because the dog must rest.
  • For a correctly performed exercise, the pet must be encouraged by affection or a treat, for example, you can choose a truffle that has a pleasant smell.
  • Many owners buy dogs to participate in events. An exhibition, for example, is the place where not only the exterior is assessed, but also the teaching of the teams.

A well-structured training process will bring pleasure to both the owner and the dog. You just need to be patient, study carefully the question of how to train a dog, and the result will not be long in coming.

How to train a husky puppy: what you need to pay attention to?

The Siberian Husky is a very intelligent and hardworking breed. They are self-confident, balanced dogs with nerves of steel. Huskies are completely unsuitable for protection, since from time immemorial they acted as sled dogs in distant Siberia.

When Should you Start Training your Dog?

If you are an active person who loves to travel and spends a lot of time outdoors. this breed is for you. Huskies are great to train, but they are leaders by nature and can show their character. Even if you want your dog to be trained by a specialist, remember that you will have to train with it too. Due to good endurance, the husky can be trained in any weather conditions, you should also set aside time for long walks in the fresh air, morning jogging.

To lie down

If your pet has learned the command “sit”, consider that he has already almost learned “to lie”. We give the command to “sit”, wait for the four-legged to fulfill it, and then show him a delicacy in his hand, which we gradually move to the side at floor level. At this moment, when the animal begins to reach for the tasty treat, we give the command to “lie down” and push the dog a little on the withers, preventing it from jumping onto its paws. The dog will reach for the hand with the treat and stretch into the correct position.

The second stage. we learn this command using a gesture (see figure). Add the gesture to the voice command when the pet begins to lie down on its own, without your hand on the withers. Then gradually increase the distance from which the dog executes the command.

Commands to be learned by a puppy at the age of 3-6 months

During this period, it is necessary not only to continue consolidating the basic skills, but also to start learning commands such as “Nearby”, “Lie down”, “Sit”, “Aport”, teach the puppy to show teeth, overcome low obstacles, climb stairs and go down from her, calmly transfer travel in transport. The necessary skills are developed not only through delicacies, but also under mechanical influences (light jerk or leash tension, palm pressure, etc.). By the age of 3 months, the puppy is already able to ask for a walk in a timely manner, however, mistakes can still happen quite often, after playing, he can not always correctly interpret the signals of the body. Remove the puppy after every meal, after waking up, or when you see that he is worried, hesitated and as if looking for something. In order to avoid further mental problems, it is important for your pet to communicate with peers as often as possible, take care of this.

How to train a shepherd puppy to command “Fu

It is not enough to want to raise a puppy, it is important to know how. It is necessary to train a German Shepherd puppy, as well as dogs of other breeds, throughout their life, but the older they get, the more requirements are imposed on the execution of commands.

To develop the skill of stopping undesirable actions, proceed as follows: as soon as the puppy tries to pick up food waste from the ground, starts barking or rushes at the cat, gnaws at the shoes. pronounce the command “Fu” loudly and threateningly, then secure it with mechanical action (blow with a twig in the area croup or leash jerk). Both the command itself and the subsequent mechanical impact should be moderate, not traumatic for the psyche of the puppy.

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