A cat walking by itself
A cat that walks regularly and for a long time on the street is quite tempered and has enough skills to stay warm. A cat that has the ability to walk freely on the street in winter, when it freezes, will necessarily hide in a shelter or ask for home. The dense undercoat will not let the cat freeze even in ten-degree frosts. But, of course, this only applies to healthy animals with sufficient body weight. But kittens and non-hardened cats are not recommended to be suddenly taken out for the first walk in the winter cold. the animal may catch a cold. Therefore, if you have a pet in the warm season of the year, and you decide that the cat will walk, you should not waste time. give the cat the opportunity to get used to the natural decrease in the ambient temperature, regularly let her go for a walk, in this case the winter cold is not will shock her. If a cat appeared in your apartment in winter, do not risk its health. be patient with walks until the spring sun.
Recently, in large cities, the problem of protecting cats’ paws from reagents, which is generously sprinkled on sidewalks and roads in winter, has become urgent. Reagents, whether it is acid or ordinary table salt, corrode the delicate skin of a cat’s paw, cause burns.
Other materials in the section “Helping the homeless”
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Cat at home
Cats sleep more than usual in winter, try to lie down on the radiator or hide under the covers. The range of comfortable temperatures for cats ranges from 20 to 25 degrees. Hairless sphinxes and representatives of breeds devoid of undercoat are more sensitive to temperature drops and drafts compared to breeds with a long awn and full undercoat.
The fact that the cat is frozen is indicated by muscle tremors, cold paws, which she tries to tighten under her. The cat strives to climb into a warm place, for example, lie down on a heating pipe or crawl under a blanket. Long-haired cats need to be carefully looked after and not allowed to knock the hair into mats, which interfere with full heat exchange. For freezing cats with a poor coat, we recommend buying clothes that are made specifically for pets. Also on sale are “warm rugs” for cats. They come in several types of action. There are electric mats that work with a continuous supply of electric current, there are those that heat up only when the animal lies on it and closes the contact with its own weight, there are those that need to be preheated in an UHF oven. The latter, depending on the model, give off heat within 10-72 hours.
Many owners keep cats in winter and summer only at home, they are not allowed to go outside, thus solving the problem of possible infection by stray animals, loss of a pet, unwanted mating.
How to keep kittens warm? Can a cat survive outside in winter??
A variant of such “letting go” may also be unwillingness to look for a cat that ran away from the apartment in the spring, or leaving the cat in the country for the winter. As an argument, Kipling’s re-songs are quoted: “You are a wild creature from the wild forest”.
I am almost sure that those who give such advice do not do it out of malice, but only out of deep ignorance of domestic cats. But let’s see what consequences such ignorance can lead to. Do you still think the title of this article is too violent? Then read on.
The cat was domesticated many millennia ago, and neither great-grandfathers, nor even great-great-great-great-great-grandparents of our cats have never lived “free” (if only temporarily and forcedly). over, artificial selection, unconsciously carried out by man for all these millennia, was aimed at suppressing predator instincts and at improving qualities that only harm in the wild. kindness, trust in people, calmness and laziness. For a modern cat, getting out on the street is the same as getting on a desert island for you. Let’s discard the romance of adventure stories and look at the situation realistically: 99% in such a situation will die almost immediately, 1% will survive, but at a terrible cost. With cats. the same numbers.
What does the cat feel when it is “released”? Imagine yourself that you were deceived and thrown on an uninhabited island (in the impenetrable jungle, in the desert) by a person whom you trust most in the world and on whom your life depends? Exactly.
What’s in store for a domestic cat outside? Read it yourself.
Hunger and cold
I work far from the city, practically in the forest. And so. Kind employees informed me.
For 3-4 weeks he has been living at a bus stop, such a miracle. Today my nerves have passed. I got off the bus, crossed the road and went to look. Sits on a bench, covered with snow. The little animals have chicken bones and a piece of herring in a bag. I don’t know how long it will last it is still in the forest. (The cat was brought and left in the cold at a stop in the forest. Rescued by volunteers.)
He is very light, thin. Very calm, affectionate, touching and unhappy. It was just that my heart was bleeding, looking at him. When he sat day and night, in frost and cold, on the porch and tried to chew the scraps. Trembled and cried. (The cat could not be saved, died)
About 30 minutes ago I heard strange sounds from the street, the dogs barking fervently and some other sound, I went out onto the balcony, I see 3 dogs surrounded the cat and attack. in general, the dogs were driven away, but the cat lies and cannot stand up, its hind legs are turned in the opposite direction. tried to crawl on his front paws. Now she was talking with the therapist, the cat was consistently heavy, all night long she was dripping, urinary rupture, the abdominal wall was bitten through, and a fracture of the spine with a ruptured spinal cord. the therapist said. (The cat was operated on, she survived)
Today I was walking home and saw a cat. I went to take a closer look. The cat immediately went into his hands, caressed. Very trusting in spite of everything. Obviously a former home. Either a loss, or someone threw it away as an annoying toy. Then I looked closely and did not immediately understand. The cat does not have half a tail. They said that some monsters cut it off. The boy is so affectionate and trusting that he went into their hands. He did not know that people can be so cruel and can inflict so much pain! But the main thing is that the baby goes to everyone now, he still believes in people.
Carousel found a cat in the underground parking lot in the hypermarket. The cat does not step on its right foreleg. I advised you to take the guy to the clinic for an X-ray. The result is a bullet in the joint. Doctors say that the operation is not easy, since the bullet is stuck in the joint itself, without the operation the cat will not get up on its paw
This orphanage has no name. or rather, it is, the most ordinary. Its addresses are not “shone” on the Internet, but are shyly passed from volunteer to volunteer, as the attitude towards people trying to help animals in the shelter is bestial. The number of animals in shelters is colossal, dogs still have hope for an attachment. cats have absolutely no Read more: municipal cat shelters
The cat with broken paws, damaged spine and intestines crawled away from the road on her own, looking for shelter herself. She spent four whole months somewhere near the scene of the tragedy, possibly in the basement of a neighboring house. How did she eat, how did her injuries heal, how many days did she spend in torment and hunger in the February cold? Irina took the cat to her home, a cursory examination revealed that the kitty does not go to the toilet on her own, she pees at the slightest effort, and attempts to poop cause terrible pain. The paws did not grow together well, she skidded when she moved, but the girl was full of life, tried to run up to Irina, fingered, purred, tried to scratch herself with her hind legs. And how soundly she slept on the blanket that Ira had prepared for her! Finally it was warm, full, calm.
Diseases and injuries
Well, I could not pass by, seeing this handsome man crawling on his stomach under the windows of a residential building and the glances of indifferent passers-by who passed by, despite the wild cries of an injured animal. At first I thought that the cat had something in its front paw, since K. He could not stand on it, it was turned upside down and the cat was trying to gnaw something out of it. when she came up and began to take him in her arms, she came to the conclusion that the paw was broken. (the cat could not be saved)
Everything written above is not an exaggeration, but real statements of real volunteer animal rights activists who are trying to save every thrown cat. And that brings us to the last item on the list.
Volunteers. Perhaps your cat will be lucky and caring people will find it. But for one life saved, there are so many cats that they simply did not have time to find.
If you are reading this article, please remember its simple moral: you are truly responsible for those you have tamed. And although in our time this expression has become a common cliche, ponder over these words, learn to take responsibility for a creature whose life depends directly on you. If you are tired of your cat, or you cannot leave her, do not lull your conscience with phrases about will and freedom. Make the effort and find a nice home for your cat to love.
Cat and winter. Uavet. Forum. Consequences of excessive exposure to cold
If your cat gets wet outside during the winter or, worse, gets frostbite, emergency help is needed. Dry the cat by blotting the coat with absorbent towels, or with a hairdryer if the cat is not afraid of him.
At the same time, you need to inspect for frostbite. Ears, tail and feet are more prone to frostbite. The frostbitten part is cold to the touch, insensitive, the skin on it is pale. Then the skin turns red, edema and inflammation develop.
In case of mild frostbite, you should gradually warm the cat by wrapping it in a blanket or applying a dry warming compress. The compress is made from a thick layer of cotton wool, which is placed between several layers of sterile gauze. Secure the compress with a bandage. Do not rub with snow and alcohol, this can lead to blood clots or damage to the skin. With more severe frostbite, blisters and weeping wounds appear on the skin, the cat may become lethargic, and the body temperature will drop. In this case, you need to immediately contact your veterinarian for qualified assistance.
The consequences of hypothermia in a cat are varied. a runny nose, cystitis, bronchitis and other diseases.
Feeding the cat in winter
A cat spends additional energy to heat its own body in low temperature conditions. Costs are recovered when eating large portions of food. It is recommended to increase the calorie content of the feed by adding protein and fat (meat and dairy products). The norms of the eaten food are determined individually, it is important to focus on the general condition of the animal: the cat must be mobile, normal condition, the coat and skin are healthy, the feces must be formed. It is better to feed fractionally, at the same time, with food of warm or room temperature.
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How red-eared turtles sleep?
How do turtles sleep at home and do they sleep at all? Of course, every pet needs physical rest. Many people want to know if turtles sleep at night, complaining that the pet is unusually active at night.
Each turtle sleeps, only some individuals may have different sleep duration, its frequency. It is possible that the pet does not sleep at night, but during the day, when there is no one in the apartment, it sleeps. There are also turtles that sleep all night and try to rest several times during the day. Sleep can find a pet everywhere. both in water and on land. According to observations, most domestic red-eared turtles prefer to rest on land.
Can a turtle survive in winter?
How and how much red-eared turtles sleep?
Before you get yourself a pet. a red-eared turtle. you need to find out about the acceptable conditions for its keeping. Perhaps the very first thing people who have a pet want to know is how red-eared turtles sleep and whether they hibernate?
Under natural conditions, animals simply need to hibernate due to a sharp drop in ambient temperature. If you observe the behavior of a turtle in nature, you can understand how much red-eared turtles sleep in winter. Under natural conditions, the period of sleep can reach five months, while the animal practically does not breathe. All processes of the body’s activity slow down, and fat accumulated during the waking period is spent on their implementation. At home, it is not recommended to create conditions for the hibernation of the turtle. This is a very laborious process. it is necessary to deprive the pet of food for a week, then place it in moist moss and gradually reduce the temperature of the environment around it. As a rule, to the question. how long do turtles sleep at home in winter. the answer is one: no more than three months.
What determines the sleep of a red-eared turtle?
First of all, a turtle’s sleep depends on its activity. If you want to know how much turtles sleep, which do not show much activity during the day, the answer will upset you a little. Due to the fact that the turtle is inactive, less energy is spent, therefore, the pet needs less time to sleep. And vice versa, if the pet moves very quickly, is constantly busy with something, his sleep will be strong and long.
Also, the length of rest may depend on the gender of the turtle. Almost no one knows how to tell the sex of a turtle at a young age. In most cases, this cannot be done. Sex is determined in adulthood, by the length of the tail (it is longer in males) and claws (in boys, the front claws are longer than the back ones). Also, sleep may depend on the occurrence of any disease. Some diseases of red-eared turtles can affect the disruption of the life cycle, the animal will either sleep too long, or, on the contrary, will not fall asleep at all.
In principle, it is impossible to predict how much turtles sleep in different conditions. Sleep duration is a purely individual factor, which depends primarily on the turtle itself, on the surrounding conditions and the rest it requires.
Why doesn’t the turtle eat anything??
Refusal to eat can be the result of a variety of reasons. Some species are sensitive to temperature changes, others do not eat the proposed food, sometimes this is a process of adaptation or behavior patterns in different periods of the year.
- When an exotic pet appears in the house, the process of feeding it is exciting and you want to pamper it with various goodies. However, the first and common reason why the turtle does not eat is overfeeding. The young eats little by little every day, while the adult eats in just three meals a week. Observing the turtle, you can determine its portions and taste preferences, because you cannot force feed.
- If there are several individuals in the aquarium, the male turtle does not eat due to the desire to reproduce. Pets simply do not want to waste time and energy on food. After mating, everything will return to normal and the appetite will resume.
- When the turtle does not want to eat, and even does not open its eyes, it should be taken to a specialist. A common cause of ailments is low temperature, improper care. This issue is resolved exclusively after consultation.
How much a turtle can not eat?
The pet has been refusing food for several days and it is not known whether there will be a change in behavior in the near future. This is the picture seen by many turtle owners. It is quite natural that panic begins, because refusing food cannot be safe for the body for a long time. If we consider the question of how much a red-eared turtle can not eat, then we are talking about terms of the order of three weeks. Some terrestrial species do not want to eat during the heat, when the thermometer is above 25 ° C. Fasting can last up to two to three months.
The turtle does not open its eyes and does not eat
After the winter period, the pet should be active and the previous appetite. If this does not happen on the fifth or sixth day, you should consult a specialist. Alarm signal. Turtle eyes constantly closed.
- The obvious reason why the turtle does not eat may be a lack of vitamin D. A UV lamp will help to compensate for this deficiency. Closed eyes, lethargy and refusal to eat are the first symptoms of rickets or metabolic disorders. The turtle should take about 12 hours a day sunbathing under a lamp; in addition, vitamins and preparations should be introduced into the diet to restore the body after wintering.
- The picture, when the turtle does not eat anything, and its eyes are closed and signs of conjunctivitis are already visible, is characteristic of a lack of vitamin A. The fact is that vision in reptiles plays an important role for nutrition, therefore, inflammation of the eyelids will necessarily lead to refusal of food. Washing, injections and other procedures will be prescribed by a specialist, in such a case, self-medication poses a real threat to the life of the turtle.
The land turtle does not eat
Inexperienced owners of land turtles often do not fully understand the importance of observing the conditions for keeping reptiles. The Central Asian species does not claim a lot of attention, reptiles are really unpretentious. However, every beginner faces the problem of lack of appetite. If the already listed general answers to the question why the turtle does not eat do not fit the description, the land pet probably refuses food for another reason.
- The place of purchase is of great importance. Buying from an unknown person increases the likelihood of bringing home a sick animal at times. The first step is to check the lower part of the shell and the mouth with the neck for yellow spots and flakes.
- Taking the pet home is another test for the owner. Refusal to eat at first. The consequence of adaptation. However, on the way home, the turtle could catch a cold. For the same reason, experts strictly do not recommend letting the turtle move freely around the apartment.
- Find out what you fed your pet before selling. The turtle eats habitual food more readily in new conditions.
Why the turtle doesn’t eat food?
- Any pet has its own taste preferences. It is likely that the proposed feed brand did not like it. Sometimes the composition causes constipation or indigestion, as a result the turtle ignores the granules and does not eat.
- If you offer only natural food, the body will spend more energy on digestion, but will receive fewer minerals and vitamins. A diet of only dry food will make up for the lack of trace elements, but worsen digestion. We’ll have to search through trial and error why the turtle does not willingly eat, but rely on the promises of the producers. The breeder’s task. Find the optimal ratio of natural and pelleted feed.
Why doesn’t the turtle eat. The main reasons for strange behavior
The question why the turtle does not eat arises from most beginners. Almost always, the answer should be sought in the wrong conditions of detention, the desire to feed the pet more, as well as the simple ignorance of some of the features of the life of reptiles.
The turtle does not eat and sleeps constantly
Wintering in apartment conditions without hibernation implies an inactive lifestyle, but this period is enclosed in a very specific time frame. Large adults hibernate for 12-14 weeks, young animals 8-10. If on the fifth day after the supposed end of hibernation, the turtle does not begin to return to the previous rhythm, this is a sign of disorders in the body.
- Appetite will return gradually, there is no point in expecting a sharp active eating of your favorite food. Spring anorexia, when about 40% of weight is lost during the winter without food, is considered the norm. Heating under a lamp will bring your pet back to active life.
- The obvious reason why the turtle does not eat and constantly sleeps may be dehydration and exhaustion. If before the hibernation period the animal did not have time to empty the stomach, there is a possibility of renal or liver failure due to improper wintering.
Why does the red-eared turtle eat nothing??
This species is capricious and finicky in matters of home maintenance. Long before buying, you should learn more about the basic rules of content in order to avoid common mistakes.
- With a decrease in the temperature in the apartment, the red-eared turtle is sluggish and does not eat. These are the first signs of preparation for winter sleep. At home, hibernation cannot be allowed. You should increase the temperature in the house, install a lamp.
- If the turtle does not eat, but the activity remains the same, you have acquired a male and he is sexually active. This is the case when several turtles are kept in an aquarium. After the mating season, the red-eared turtle will eat the same portions.
- It makes sense to observe the situation in an aquarium where several individuals are kept. Sometimes the larger ones begin to dominate and simply take food from the rest of the roommates.
- Red-eared turtles need a constant temperature of about 30 ° C. This is the main condition for maintaining vital processes, this also applies to the appetite of the reptile.
- We must not forget about the features of feeding. A young red-eared turtle eats only meat; for adults, half of the diet is plant food.
Turtle does not eat does not swim
It is relatively easy to comply with the correct conditions of detention; this is the key to the health and life of the pet. Let them walk on the floor or on the carpet, do not check the temperature of water and air, forget about a gradual decrease or increase in temperature with the change of season. All this is a direct path to the development of pneumonia in the turtle. If the water turtle does not eat, but immediately falls on its side in the water, these are symptoms of pneumonia. Injections, heating under a lamp, increasing the temperature of the content and steam warm baths will help here. All this is appointed by a specialist.
What cats are winter walks contraindicated
When a pet asks to go outside in winter, many owners wonder at what temperature the cats are freezing and whether it is worth letting them out for a walk when the thermometer dropped below zero.?
It all depends on the length of the coat and the breed of the animal. Maine Coons, Norwegian Forest and Siberian cats have a luxurious coat and a thick undercoat that perfectly protects them from the cold. Representatives of these breeds feel great outdoors even at 15-20 degrees below zero.
Hairless cats. bambinos, sphinxes, Ukrainian levkoi freeze in winter, even when they are in a warm house, therefore it is absolutely impossible to walk them in winter.
Particular attention and care should be given in winter to small kittens, pregnant cats and old pets, as they are extremely poorly tolerant of cold and may even die from hypothermia.
To make the winter walk safe for the cat, it is recommended to walk the pet under supervision, or on a leash. So the owner can be sure that the animal will not be lost and will not die, being outside in severe frost.
British mathematician and philosopher Alfred North Whitehead once said, “A dog jumps on its knees because it loves a person, a cat because it is warmer here.” Indeed, meowing pets usually choose the most comfortable places in the house, in this regard. This is especially noticeable in the winter, and it does not matter. a short-haired cat or has a luxurious fur coat. Do these independent and wayward animals have a weakness, and they also freeze in winter??
Cat behavior in winter
Most cat owners notice that with the onset of the first cold weather, their pets behave completely differently than in the warm season. Even the most playful and active animals turn into lazy sloths who spend most of their time on the couch or near a warm radiator.
It should also be noted that all representatives of felines have an increased appetite in winter, as a result of which the pets noticeably recover, gaining a few extra pounds. Cats do this on a subconscious level, because their genetic memory suggests that a layer of subcutaneous fat helps to survive in winter frosts.
Some owners are worried about this and begin to restrict the cat in food, fearing that the pet’s exorbitant appetite can lead to obesity. But such fears are completely in vain, because with the onset of spring, the animal’s need for an additional portion of food will disappear, and the pet’s weight will return to normal.
Helping your pet with hypothermia
Many cats love to walk in the winter, play with snow and catch snowflakes. Sometimes the pet is too fond of walking and, upon coming home, the whole shakes from the cold. What should the owner do in this case, and how to help the pet warm up faster?
- First of all, the animal must be wrapped in a thick towel or warm blanket;
- A frozen cat will try to warm up near a radiator or fireplace, so you should put her house or bedding near them;
- It is necessary to ensure that there are no drafts in the house, as the pet can catch a cold;
- You can dry the wet cat hair with a hair dryer;
- Bathing in warm water will not warm the cat, but will cause it to freeze even more, so bathing the animal is highly undesirable.
Description of the breed, care and education. Are there any cats freezing
The owners of such pets confidently answer. there is! Of course, pampered animals are more often freezing, who only look out of the window and then longingly, dreaming of the summer sun. In addition, some breeds are naturally thermophilic, especially if their origin is associated with warm edges. Such cats will cuddle up to heating devices and ask under the covers, even when there is no question of cold. The owners of such pets note that in winter their pets sleep more and move much less.
Another factor influencing the “freezing” of felines is their age. Kittens tolerate low temperatures worse due to imperfect thermoregulation mechanisms. A similar phenomenon is observed in animals of advanced age. their body, alas, no longer works “like a clock”.
In addition, unhealthy cats begin to freeze faster. those who carry a disease, recover from an illness or surgery, have weak immunity or are very emaciated, devoid of fat.
How do cats survive the winter cold?
A pampered domestic cat freezes at the slightest drop in temperature, but surviving a harsh winter for such pets is not a problem, because they have loving owners and a warm home.
It is much more difficult in winter for homeless animals who have to take care of themselves. Dogs survive in the winter by flocking or digging deep holes in the snow. Cats do not know how to dig holes and, being loners by nature, avoid the company of other representatives of their kind. Therefore, to survive the winter, cats had to invent their own ways of survival.
Preparing cats for winter:
- Thick and long hair serves as an excellent protection for cats from the cold, therefore, in winter, molting in animals stops;
- In the fall, street cats actively hunt mice and other rodents in order to stock up on fat, which helps them keep warm in severe frosts;
- Another interesting fact: in winter, cats hardly wash themselves, since animals with damp hair are more susceptible to cold;
- To survive severe frosts, stray cats look for a suitable shelter in advance. Usually, porches, warm basements or abandoned houses become animal shelters.
Do cats need street walks?
Here, the division no longer depends on the personal qualities and preferences of the animal, but on the living conditions. As a rule, cats living in the private sector walk all year round. Usually such pets are provided with an undercoat and can feel good even in cold weather. Only owners should provide unhindered access to housing so that the walking Vaska or Masha do not freeze, trying to unsuccessfully enter the house.
But the cats, which are not released or they themselves do not rush “to freedom”, in the cold can freeze. There are frequent cases of pets freezing into the ice, frostbite of limbs, ears and tails, and other tragic situations. Most often this happens when an unadapted pet is on the street. on its own or not on its own, and cannot go home.
Cats do well without outdoor walks, and if they have such a desire, you can always use a harness and take out the four-legged reveler. Usually, two or three walks in the cold are enough for homebody pets to cool their ardor, and they calmly waited for warmth, looking out of the window.
As you can see, cats are not “walruses” at all, and they will not “harden” if they do not find themselves in harsh conditions. Of course, these animals, however, like everyone else, are more hardy and strong than humans, but their warmth is manifested very clearly. Therefore, if the cat freezes on walks, then most likely she does not need such stressful situations. It is worth postponing walks until spring!
To understand whether cats are freezing in winter or not is possible only through observation, because our pets differ from each other not only in eye color and taste preferences. How cats tolerate cold and how to tell if ambient temperature isn’t good for furry explorer?
The hair of cats can be long or short, but if it is two-layer, with a well-developed undercoat, are cats cold in winter? The undercoat retains heat well and prevents overheating, keeping the body temperature within normal limits. However, such protection is not endless: just like a person dressed in a fur coat, earflaps and felt boots will freeze after a few hours spent on a frosty street, so a cat “wrapped” in the best fur will sooner or later begin to freeze.
At what temperature fluffy cats freeze depends not only on the thermometer readings, but also on the pet’s actions, air humidity, and other nuances. “Dry” frost is easier to tolerate, with low activity you freeze faster, high humidity. you feel cold more clearly. Just like humans, adjusted for feline endurance.
Cats deprived of their undercoat freeze faster than Siberians, Coons and representatives of other fluffy breeds. Cold air penetrates the skin faster, heat goes away faster. These cats have cold feet and ears even after short walks at 15 ° C.
But a Siberian, not pampered by life in the arms of a battery, can walk for a couple of hours without danger to health, even at.30 ° C.
What is it like for street cats
In fact, they have a hard time and even the most wind-hardened and frost-hardened cats are not always able to endure the winter period, especially if there are frosts for a long time.
In such a situation, it is much easier for dogs to spend the winter. they know how to break the ground or snow, building burrows, rookeries. In addition, they are gregarious animals and can warm each other, closely huddled together. Cats are loners, so not all of them survive the winter.
If in the summer you can find a lot of murk on the street, then in winter they are practically invisible. If they’re lucky, they settle in basements or attics.
Hibernation of the red-eared turtle
There are several different species of red-eared turtles that differ in size. It is not difficult to keep them at home, but some species require the organization of sleep, and in this regard, the owners have a number of questions:
- Does the red-eared turtle need hibernation if it is not in natural conditions??
- Why do they hibernate?
- What you need to do to prevent the turtle from falling asleep?
- What is the function of hibernation for turtles?
- What is the sleep period of a red-eared turtle?
The fact that the turtle should organize hibernation can be determined by the following external signs: the turtle moves little, and, at the same time, often yawns. She can hide in the corner of the aquarium and stay there for a long time. To begin with, you should consult a veterinarian and, if her behavior is not associated with some kind of illness, begin preparing the turtle for hibernation.
Two months before hibernation begins, the turtle should increase its diet and the number of feedings. This is so that the turtle can stock up on all the nutrients it needs. During hibernation, the turtle loses up to half of its weight.
Over the past week, the turtle is not fed at all, and during the day she needs to arrange several bath procedures so that she can completely empty her intestines.
But that’s not all, the main thing is to find a suitable place with a temperature of 1 ° C to 6 ° C. This room may be a cold basement, but it is very difficult to find in our time. It is necessary to accustom her to such a temperature gradually, otherwise she may die if she is immediately transferred to such a place.
But that’s not all. It is very important that high humidity is maintained in such a place. You can prepare a special mixture of leaves and moss: the moss will retain moisture, and the leaves will freely let air through. In this state, she can be from 3 to 5 months.
Hibernation of red-eared turtles at home
Usually, when keeping turtles at home, they do not need hibernation, especially if the optimal temperature regime is maintained. They can hibernate either at low temperatures or at high temperatures, thus saving themselves from cold or heat, and sometimes from lack of food.
But there are specimens that are ready to hibernate, regardless of the conditions of detention. In this case, they should be helped and organized a kind of wintering. Hibernation of red-eared turtles has a positive effect on individuals in terms of obtaining offspring.
Getting the turtle out of hibernation
The process of bringing the turtle out of hibernation is gradual. To begin with, raise the air temperature in the room, and then bathe the turtle in warm water. After wintering, it will be difficult for the turtle to live normally, therefore, for the first 2-3 days it does not need to be fed, and then you can gradually offer it one or another food in small quantities. As soon as the pet starts to eat, then everything is in order, and he is ready to start a new life.
As can be seen from the organization of the process, this is a rather difficult process, which is very difficult to organize artificially. In nature, the turtle itself knows when to hibernate, what needs to be done for this and how long it needs to sleep. over, she does the way out of hibernation on her own, since her body is programmed in the appropriate way. In addition, she herself is able to find the appropriate place, especially since in natural conditions this is not a problem.
It is much more difficult to organize this process at home, so everything must be done so that the turtle does not sleep.
Turtle hibernation (wintering)
In nature, when it gets too hot or too cold, the turtles go into summer or, respectively, winter hibernation. The turtle digs a hole in the ground, where it crawls and sleeps until the temperature changes. In nature, hibernation lasts about 4-6 months, at least from December to March. The turtle begins to prepare for hibernation when the temperature in its habitats remains below 17-18 C for a long time, and when it exceeds these values for a long time. It’s time for the turtle to wake up.
At home, it is very difficult to hibernate correctly so that the turtle comes out of it healthy and comes out altogether, so if you are new to terrarium keeping, we recommend that you do not hibernate turtles. Sick animals and animals recently brought from somewhere do not overwinter.
Advantages of wintering: it helps to maintain the normal activity of the thyroid gland and thereby increase the life span of the turtle; it synchronizes the sexual activity of males and the follicular growth of females; it inhibits excess growth and helps maintain normal hormonal status. Hibernation can be used for both terrestrial and freshwater turtles.
Cons of wintering: the turtle can die or wake up sick.
What mistakes happen when organizing wintering
- Sick or weakened turtles are laid to hibernate
- Humidity too low during hibernation
- Temperature too low or too high
- Insects that climbed into the wintering container and injured the turtle
- You woke up the turtles during hibernation and then put them back to bed
How to avoid wintering
In the middle of autumn, turtles, which hibernate in nature, become less active, refuse food. If you do not want the turtle to hibernate and cannot provide it with normal sleeping conditions, then increase the temperature in the terrarium to 32 degrees, bathe the turtle more often. If the turtle will not eat, then it is worth going to the vet and giving a vitamin injection (Eleovita, for example).
How to put a turtle to bed
European keepers strongly recommend hibernating turtles for their health. However, in the conditions of apartments, this is not at all easy. It is much easier to hibernate reptiles for those who have a private house. If, nevertheless, you have a goal to put the turtle to sleep, or the turtle itself wants to go into hibernation (often sits in the corner, digging the ground), then:
- Make sure the turtle is a species that hibernates in nature, so clearly identify its species and subspecies.
- You need to be sure the turtle is healthy. Better to consult a veterinarian. However, it is not recommended to give vitamins and fertilizing just before wintering.
- Before hibernation (late autumn, early winter), the turtle must be well fed so that it gains enough fat to feed it during sleep. In addition, the turtle should drink more.
- A land turtle is bathed in warm water, then not fed for several weeks, but watered so that all the food eaten is digested (small 1-2 weeks, large 2-3 weeks). Freshwater turtles are lowered and not fed for a couple of weeks.
- Gradually reduce the length of daylight hours (by switching the timer to shorter periods of turning on the lamps) and temperatures (gradually turning off the lamps or water heating) with an increase in humidity to the level required during the cooling period. The temperature must be lowered smoothly, since a too sharp decrease in it will lead to colds.
- We prepare a wintering box, which should not be too large, because During hibernation, turtles are inactive. A plastic container with air holes will do. Wet sand, peat, sphagnum moss 10-30 cm thick are placed on the bottom. The turtles are placed in this box and covered with dry leaves or hay on top. The humidity of the substrate in which the turtle hibernates should be high enough (but the substrate should not get wet). You can also place the turtles in linen bags and pack them in foam boxes, in which sphagnum or sawdust will be loosely thrown.
We put the container in a cool place, for example, in a corridor, preferably on a tile, but so that there are no drafts.
Depending on the type and the temperatures required for it, we lower the temperature, For example: floor (18 C) for 2 days. on the windowsill (15 C) for 2 days. on the balcony (12 C) for 2 days. in the refrigerator (9 C) for 2 months. The turtle wintering site should be dark, well ventilated, and have a temperature of 6-12 ° C (preferably 8 ° C). For exotic southern turtles, a couple of degrees drop in temperature may be sufficient. It is necessary every time, inspecting the turtle, at the same time spray the soil with water. It is better to do this every 3-5 days. For aquatic turtles, humidity during hibernation should be higher than for terrestrial.
It is important to know
Hibernation times for turtles are common. 8-10 weeks for small turtles and 12-14 weeks for large turtles. It is necessary to put the turtles into winter in such a way that they “wake up” not earlier than February, when daylight hours noticeably lengthen. It can be from 3-4 weeks to 3-4 months. The condition of the turtles is checked every month, being careful not to disturb them. Turtle weight normally decreases by 1% for each wintering month. If the weight decreases faster (more than 10% of the weight) or the general condition worsens, wintering should be stopped. It is better not to bathe the turtles during the winter, as they usually urinate if they feel water hitting the shell. If the turtle begins to show activity at a temperature of 11-12 ° C, wintering should also be stopped. For all hibernating reptiles, the temperature range is from 1 ° C to 12 ° C; in the case of long-term cooling below 0 ° C, death occurs.
(the author of some information. Bullfinch, forum myreptile.Ru)
Sparing hibernation mode for turtles
If the general condition of the turtle does not allow for a full wintering or if there are no suitable conditions in the apartment, you can arrange a “wintering” in a gentle mode. To do this, soil is introduced into the terrarium in which the turtle was kept, which better retains moisture (sawdust, moss, peat, dry leaves, etc.). Level. 5. 10 cm. The soil should not get wet. The lights in the terrarium can be turned on for 2.3 hours a day. In the middle of “overwintering” the light can be completely turned off for 2.3 weeks. The temperature should be maintained at 18.24 ° С during the day and drop to 14.16 ° С at night. After the “peak” of such wintering (when the heating switches back on for 2.3 hours), you can offer the turtle its favorite food once a week. Self-feeding begins. Wintering end signal.
(from the book by D.B. Vasiliev “Turtles.”)
Wintering temperature for different species of turtles
Turtles. The same age as the dinosaurs
Newly brought turtles are especially prone to colds in cold, rainy summers, it is better not to let them out in the garden in such weather. Otherwise, they lose their appetite, and this should be avoided at all costs. One of the main challenges facing a turtle owner. Maintain a good appetite before hibernation.
Hibernation. Turtles in the wild hibernate when temperatures drop below a certain level and it becomes difficult to forage for food. This behavior is typical not only for turtles, but also for many other animals, from snakes to squirrels. All life processes of the animal slow down to almost zero, and it becomes completely inert. The American earth squirrel, for example, has a pulse rate that drops from three hundred beats per minute to five.
The hibernation time varies from year to year depending on the weather. If it is very warm, the turtle can remain active until mid-October, and in other years it hibernates already at the beginning of September. They lose interest in food, become less mobile, except for attempts to bury themselves in the ground in their enclosure.
In the wild, the turtles completely burrow into the ground and stay there until the spring sun warms them up.
Wintering container. When the turtle looks ready for hibernation, provided it is healthy and large enough in size and weight, it should be placed in a cardboard box with finely chopped paper shavings for it to burrow into. Then this box is placed in another, larger box or box and the gaps between the walls are stuffed with peat, newspapers or pieces of foam for thermal insulation.
Winter storage. Having tightened the top of the container with a net, it is removed for the winter in a cool place where there is no sub-zero temperature. It is important to keep the temperature as constant as possible, as sudden warming can wake up the turtle and create new problems. An unheated room with no central heating batteries is very suitable for this purpose. Ideal temperature for a sleeping turtle. 5-10 C.
After the turtle has fallen asleep, it should be left alone, it is enough to look in the box once a week to make sure that the turtle has not woken up from a short-term rise in temperature. With the onset of spring, turtles usually wake up, and they can be taken out into the garden for a short time when the sun is shining and the weather is warm.
After hibernation. For several weeks after emerging from hibernation, turtles need careful care. As always, cold and rain are contraindicated for them. Offer them a variety of foods to choose from to whet their appetite.
Right after waking up, the turtle looks lethargic and may not eat for several days. Many drink during this time to compensate for the loss of fluid during hibernation, and water should always be readily available to them. A soluble multivitamin can be mixed into drinking water to stimulate the appetite of a weakened animal.
If the turtle has difficulty opening its eyes, they should be gently wiped with damp cotton wool. Another way to immerse the turtle in a shallow vessel, where it will probably wash out both its eyes and nose.
The growth and maturation of the turtle. The growth rate of young turtles can be very different. Some gain weight quickly, while others, while looking perfectly healthy, grow more slowly. At the age of two, the turtle weighs approximately 230 g.
It is impossible to determine the age of a turtle from the annual rings on its shell. Observations of young turtles have shown that these rings appear when the turtle is not even a year old. If the growth rate of the turtle is artificially accelerated by the increased protein content in the feed, its shell can deform, turning from smooth to bumpy. Turtles grow most of their lives, becoming adults by the eighth year. This applies to European species. In very old specimens, the carapace becomes especially smooth, like in newborns, and the annual rings turn pale.
Based on the book “Turtles as a new pet” by Al David. Galina Nikolaeva
Turtles have chosen the Klyazma in the Moscow region: how they winter?
Residents of Shchelkovo filmed a turtle basking in the sun on the banks of the Klyazma River, near the footbridge. A fisherman from Elektrostal caught a red-eared turtle with a fishing rod. And in Odintsovo, a tortilla was seen, which was resting by the pond. Social media users are actively discussing the presence of turtles on the reservoirs of the Moscow region. The Podmoskovye Segodnya correspondent found out the truth and fiction about local reptiles with the help of scientists.
Users commenting on posts about turtles on the networks are always divided into two camps: some believe that the Moscow Region is the habitat of turtles, others scold negligent owners who throw pets.
We have collected the main questions of residents related to the habitat of turtles in the Moscow region, and turned to scientists. The questions were answered by the junior researcher of the Laboratory of Ecology of Aquatic Communities and Invasions of the Institute of Ecology and Evolution named after A.N. Severtsov RAS Leonid Neimark.
Question 1. Are there really wild turtles in the Moscow region, or are they all released by humans??
Question 2. Is the presence of turtles useful in water bodies?
Question 3. Can turtles winter in the Moscow region?
The land Central Asian turtles have absolutely no prospects of survival in winter. their owners also often release them in the summer or simply forget on the street, and then cannot find them in the grass.
Question 4. Can turtles breed in the natural conditions of the Moscow region?
However, scientists are looking for evidence that one species. the black marsh turtle. is native to the area and has not escaped captivity. This turtle is the only candidate for inclusion in the Red Data Book of the Moscow Region. But so far it is present only in the supervisory list. Appendix No. 1 to the Red Book. This is a list of animals. candidates for getting into the Red Book.
“The reason is that it has not yet been proven that there is a natural, wild population of this turtle in the region,” said Pavel Voevodin, chief specialist of the Verkhovye nature conservation fund. It is believed that, due to climatic features, the black marsh turtle does not survive with us, but lives further south, in the Black Earth Region.