30 foods prohibited for dogs
What should dogs not eat? In this publication I will try to list the most dangerous foods for the health of dogs and explain why they should not be given to dogs.
Once, on the pages of my blog, I already discussed the topic. What to feed the dog? In that article, I substantiated my position on why I decided to stay on dry food.
Photo by Victoria Makarova
However, I occasionally spoil my tailed beasts with a little natural food. It is given to dogs as a treat and an additional source of nutrients.
Currently, on the Internet you can find a huge amount of diverse and sometimes contradictory information about what you shouldn’t feed your dog. Let’s figure it out together. what is really dangerous, and what, in small quantities, will not only not harm the animal, but may even be useful.
Just immediately agree that this article does not apply to elderly, sick dogs, as well as animals prone to allergic reactions of the body. I also make a special emphasis. if you have just transferred your dog to natural food, or you have a miniature pet (and we know that such breeds usually have a very vulnerable pancreas), it is better to refrain from food experiments!
At the heart of any natural diet of a dog should be, first of all, safety and consideration of the digestive characteristics of a particular animal.
So, 30 PRODUCTS FORBIDDEN TO DOGS. myths and reality:
DO NOT GIVE A DOG RAW MEAT.
It is believed that some breeds lack the genetic ability to digest raw meat. Also, a person is afraid of the possibility of infecting a dog with all kinds of helminths and infections (for example, salmonella or E.coli). As a result of such conclusions, a recommendation is born. to subject the meat to serious heat treatment. In fact, if you boil meat for about an hour, it significantly loses its usefulness for the animal. trace elements and vitamins are destroyed. At a temperature of about 60 degrees, protein denaturation begins, as a result of which its bioavailability is reduced by half.!
Raw meat is good for any dog, regardless of age or breed. The most important thing is to handle it correctly. It is believed that in meat frozen at a temperature of 18 degrees and below, all germs and bacteria are killed. Therefore, I recommend keeping the meat frozen for about three days. If you introduce raw meat into the baby’s diet, at first you can boil it a little (not long, 5 minutes).
It is best to start introducing raw meat into your dog’s diet with puppyhood. If a toddler or adult dog was not yet familiar with it, it is best to start with raw beef slices. You need to start injecting little by little. a little, but every day. This also applies to dogs that eat dry food, they should also not be deprived of raw meat in the diet. This is especially important for large breed dogs and working dogs.
It is clear that fresh meat for dogs should be taken only in a safe place. I buy meat for my dogs in the same place as for myself to be sure that it has passed all the necessary examinations.
Tip: No tenderloin will bring as much benefit to your pet as meat that contains various cartilage, films, veins, i.e. Rich in connective tissue. Therefore, grade II lean soup beef, as well as its offal, is a person’s best choice for his pet.
DOGS CANNOT RAW FISH.
There is an opinion: If you regularly feed a dog with fresh fish, this will certainly lead to undesirable negative consequences. a decrease in appetite, loss of vitamin B, and even urolithiasis. As a result of an excess of fish in the dog’s diet, seizures can develop, and in rare cases, even death.
In fact: The enzyme thiaminase, contained in some types of fish, actually inhibits the synthesis and absorption of B vitamins (especially B1). Their deficiency leads to seizures and dysfunction of the central nervous system.
Other types of fish contain trimethylamine oxide, which prevents the body from absorbing iron and causes anemia.
In order to reach such a state of health: 1. You need to feed the dog raw fish every day, 2. In fairly large quantities, 3. For a long period of time.
If you replace with sea fish (because in river and lake fish there are often helminths. tapeworm, etc.) one or two meat feedings per week, the dog will only benefit! Fish is an excellent source of vitamins A, D, B12, iodine and phosphorus. It has a beneficial effect on the condition of the pet’s coat, skin and joints.
Tip: It is advisable to feed the fish to the dog cleaned of scales, bones, viscera and gills.
A DOG CANNOT PORK.
Prerequisites: 1) Pigs can be intermediate carriers of the following diseases: nematodosis, teniasis, helmitiosis. 2) Aujeszky’s disease (latent rabies, rabid scabies, infectious bulbar paralysis, pruritic plague) is a viral disease of farm animals of all types, fur animals and rodents. It is believed that people do not get sick with it, so the examination of meat for the viruses of Aujeszky’s disease is not carried out. For dogs, this disease is transient and fatal. 3) Fat content of pork. In fact: contrary to popular belief, a dog can sometimes be fed lean pork purchased from a reliable supplier (where the meat is subject to strict veterinary and sanitary examination). Lean pork (lean parts). tenderloin, chop, shoulder. You can also introduce into the diet of dogs pork cartilage (without adipose tissue on them), kaltyki, ears and other parts of the carcass without excess adipose tissue.
Aujeszky’s disease in some cases also affects humans. Secondly, carcasses with signs of damage characteristic of this disease are not allowed for sale in raw form, they are sent for processing.
In addition, it should be added that pork, unlike beef and chicken, is hypoallergenic meat. Given its relatively low cost and wide availability, lean pork is an excellent option for owners of food sensitized dogs. (based on the article by veterinary doctor and veterinary nutritionist Valeria Ogneva).
Personally, I think the best option is to give your dog pork infrequently and extremely lean.
Tip: Pork heart is much less fatty than, for example, veal. But the heart is a valuable product in the diet. it is a rich source of protein, fat, macro- and microelements.
DOGS ARE NOT RECOMMENDED TO GIVE RAW EGGS (especially protein).
Cause: The enzyme avidin found in eggs negatively affects the absorption of B vitamins and biotin, which can lead to coat and skin problems. There is also a risk of contracting salmonellosis. In fact: The yolk is useful in its raw form, as it is more bioavailable and retains vitamins and microelements (D, lecithin) very valuable for dogs, helps to reduce cholesterol levels.
For problems to occur, the animal must eat more than five raw chicken eggs per week. If you observe a sense of proportion and feed the dog 2-3 eggs per week, this will only benefit.
Quail eggs are especially useful and are also best served raw. The feeding rates are as follows. for a medium-large dog 2-3 quail or 2 raw chicken yolks. If you want to give eggs more often, then it will be appropriate to alternate raw eggs with a “lazy” omelet with cheese and vegetables.
Tip: It is good to give quail eggs along with crushed shells.
DOGS DO NOT GIVE ONION AND GARLIC.
Reason: Contains disulfides and sulfoxides, which negatively affect red blood cells and contribute to the development of anemia. Interestingly, cats are much more sensitive than dogs in this regard, and onions are significantly more toxic than garlic.
Fact: For that. In order for a dog to develop iron deficiency anemia, it must be fed at least 6 heads of garlic per week regularly and for a long time.
However, 2 cloves of garlic a week not only do not carry such a danger, but are even beneficial for the dog. The phytoncides contained in garlic. analogs of natural antibiotics, as well as essential oils. allicin and antioxidants (selenium) are very useful for dogs, because garlic is not only a strong immunomodulator and antiparasitic agent, but also fights cancer, cardiovascular diseases, and prevents ulcers. stomach trouble.
Earlier, in large kennels, experienced breeders regularly gave dogs garlic. Onions. Found in small amounts in almost all natural classic dog recipes. By the way, Savva Khokhrin’s garlic was recommended for dogs of service breeds in the autumn-winter period.
However, remember that garlic can irritate your dog’s gastrointestinal tract (if given on an empty stomach) and can negatively affect your dog’s sense of smell. Personally, I don’t give onions and garlic to my dogs.
DO NOT GIVE A POTATO TO DOGS.
Theory: This raw vegetable is source of solanine, a dangerous and toxic substance for dogs. Therefore, puppies should not be given it, even when they want to chew on secretly stolen potato skins during the change of teeth. If we talk about boiled potatoes, then it is a rich source of slow carbohydrates, which tend to be deposited in the fat layer, and starch, in addition to gaining weight, also contributes to an increase in the hypoglycemic index. If the dog moves a little, then it threatens him with obesity. Also, this vegetable is poorly digested by the dog’s gastrointestinal tract and can cause diarrhea.
In fact: potatoes, pasta and many cereals are not species-specific food for canines and are poorly absorbed by their digestive tract, so it is not recommended to introduce them into the diet. But letting the dog eat a couple of slices of raw peeled potatoes (in case the pet is not indifferent to him) will definitely not cause harm. Potato peelings and potatoes with a greenish color on the cut. it is strictly forbidden to give! If you do not want to harm the health of the dog, it is best not to give the dog boiled potatoes / mashed potatoes / fries.
Considering all of the above, it is surprising that potatoes and potato starch can be found in some completely expensive feeds as the main filler.
THE DOG IS NOT RECOMMENDED TO GIVE BROCCOLI. Reason: The isocyanate in broccoli is a toxin for dogs, causing severe stomach irritation, and in large quantities it can even cause death. The amount of broccoli in the total mass of vegetables should not exceed 5%.
Objectively: In order for broccoli to significantly harm your pet, it must be given daily as the only vegetable. If you introduce broccoli into the diet periodically (a couple of times a week), it will only benefit the pet and enrich its menu.
The vitamin reserve contained in broccoli includes: A, E, C, K, B vitamins, as well as folic acid, copper, potassium and phosphorus. Amount of valuable beta-carotene in broccoli on par with pumpkin and carrots.
Conclusion. adding a small amount of broccoli to the dog’s diet will make it healthy and tasty for the animal.
NUTS ARE NOT RECOMMENDED FOR DOGS. Reason: Many people believe that nuts should not be given to a dog because of the high risk of allergies and the danger of negative effects on the pancreas, because nuts are a very fatty, oil-rich food.
Nevertheless: if there is no individual intolerance, nuts are a very valuable product containing many valuable trace elements for maintaining heart muscle and brain nutrition, as well as an easily digestible protein. But not all nuts are good for dogs! You can safely feed several grains: almonds, pine nuts, chestnuts, cashews, limited peanuts. Not recommended: walnuts, pistachios, acorns, hazelnuts, nutmeg. Nuts are not part of the diet and are given sporadically, as a “tasty treat”. no more than three times a week and little by little.
TOMATOES ARE PROHIBITED FOR THE DOG. It is noticed: With regular and abundant feeding of a tomato, the dog has an upset stomach, tremors, a violation of the heart muscle, and a rapid heartbeat may occur. Allergic reactions to tomatoes are common.
However: Giving tomatoes to your dog as a treat (in small quantities) is beneficial! It is best to treat your pet with tomatoes before meals. this is an excellent prevention from tartar and plaque. They are healthy fresh and stewed, they are a strong antioxidant, tomatoes help fight cancer and inflammation.
Only red ripe fruits are recommended for use by dogs. Green tomatoes, tomato paste and sauces. dogs are not given.
DOGS ARE PROHIBITED FOR SOME FRUITS.
For example: Grapes and raisins contain a little-studied toxin that can cause kidney failure, with vomiting, increased urination and increased thirst. potential symptoms of poisoning. Persimmon. causes indigestion, contains high sugars, and its seeds can cause intestinal obstruction and enteritis. Avocado. Contains persin, which can cause vomiting and diarrhea. Bananas. promote weight gain, induce relaxation. Citrus fruits are a strong allergen for many dogs. May cause vomiting. Peaches, quince and plums. lead to diarrhea, and eaten seeds can contribute to intestinal obstruction. The cyanide contained in the seeds can accumulate and cause poisoning in the body.
DOGS CANNOT BONES.
Reason: lead to slagging of the body, perforation and gastrointestinal diseases, spoil the teeth.
In fact: boiled bones are harmful, and hollow tubular chicken bones are also strictly prohibited. The classic BARF is built on meat bones.
BARF (Bones And Raw Food diet or Biologically Appropriate Raw Food diet) is a dog food system based on raw, natural foods.
Bones should be given with meat, fresh and in small quantities. A trained dog familiar with this system can be given: chicken, turkey and ostrich necks, chicken wings (with care and the first joint removed), paws without claws, heads without beaks, beef moss. sugar bone, chicken backs (skeletons), beef vertebrae, beef shoulder blades, soft meat cartilage, veal knees, beef tail.
HONEY FOR DOGS IS NOT RECOMMENDED.
Cause: food allergies and misconceptions about diabetes.
Answer: Honey is a very useful product for dogs; it is introduced into the diet of puppies, puppies, and recovering animals. This is a real storehouse of trace elements. And the fruit sugars it contains do not pose a risk of developing diabetes. It is given 2-3 times a week for 1 teaspoon. 2 tbsp. Spoons (depending on the size of the dog). It is recommended to add honey to cottage cheese and treats.
DOG SALT. POISON!
Salt is very often on the list of prohibited foods for dogs. Cause: When eaten in excess, salt leads to electrolyte imbalance, edema, cardiovascular and kidney disease.
Answer: In the wild, the ancestors of our domestic dogs received salt from the victim’s blood. In the modern world, all meat is drained of blood. Nevertheless, salt is important in the diet of dogs, but let’s stipulate right away. several times less than a person needs.
Savva Khokhrin in his famous book “Feeding Dogs” wrote that a lack of table salt in the diet of dogs leads to loss of appetite, decreased secretion of gastric juice, impaired protein absorption, and growth retardation in puppies.
Sodium chloride (salt) is necessary to maintain osmotic pressure in cells and to maintain a constant volume of fluid in the body. Salt plays an important role in the mechanism of secretion of hydrochloric acid in the stomach and the proper functioning of the potassium-sodium balance. To meet the needs of dogs in salt, in addition to its content in feed, salt is used for puppies 530 mg per 1 kg of body weight, for adults 220 mg per 1 kg of body weight of a dog. The general ambassador can be defined by words. hardly salty. For this purpose, you need to use coarse salt, iodized or sea food. It is not necessary to add salt to each dish. It is enough to do it periodically. Salt can replace a small piece of herring or red fish of its own salting. twice a week, as well as seaweed.
DOGS SHOULD NOT RECOMMEND MILK OR OTHER DAIRY PRODUCTS. Theory: From about 5 months of age onwards, dogs stop producing lactase, an enzyme that breaks down the protein in cow’s milk (lactose). Therefore, milk begins to negatively affect the animal’s liver, especially fatty ones. It provokes serious allergic reactions. profuse skin rashes and even vomiting.
In practice: The enzyme system is very individual and flexible, in many people over 35 years old and dogs over a year old, lactase remains at a sufficient level throughout their life to calmly break down and assimilate milk protein.
In terms of milk, the priorities are basically the same as for babies. Diluted goat’s milk will be optimal for puppies (of course after bitch milk), because casein is a protein that is absorbed by the body better than others. You can, of course, give the dogs lactose-free foods to drink, but they are also less useful.
If the bitch is having problems with the amount of milk, remember that infant formula and powdered milk are not desirable for puppies. If it is not possible to use a milk replacer or goat’s milk, you can dilute fresh farm cow’s milk with warm boiled water in a 1 to 1 ratio. You can also cook porridge for puppies in milk.
My adult jacks tolerate milk well and drink it with pleasure. If there is an enzyme deficiency in the dog’s body, it can be easily calculated without testing. Give some milk to an adult dog. you will immediately understand everything from the animal’s stool.
CHEESE, SOUR CREAM, YOGHURT.
Reason: high fat content, danger of ripping the pancreas and provoking diarrhea.
In fact: These foods are really best avoided from the diet of mini-breed dogs and animals with a weak pancreas. But puppies, puppy bitches and healthy young and active animals can safely be fed unsalted and low-fat cheese (preferably homemade), and also periodically use it for training along with other delicacies. The same can be said about sour cream. in the amount of 1 tsp. 1 tablespoon, it is included in the diet, especially for fast growing puppies, juniors, working dogs and animals of enclosure keeping. It is good to add sour cream to salads and chopped slightly stewed vegetables, for a more complete assimilation of nutrients and trace elements, in particular beta-carotene. Yogurt is not given due to the high content of sugars, but homemade without sugar and fillers. you can and should give!
DOGS SHOULD NOT ALLOW ICE CREAM.
Theoretical: Contains dairy fats, sugars, palm oil and promotes weight gain. Also, dogs should not eat cold food.
Fact: Ice cream is definitely a treat and shouldn’t be given often. However, there is nothing terrible in pampering your pet with an ordinary waffle cup in the heat. Read the ingredients carefully. there should be no vegetable fats or palm oil.
The ban on cold food is more relevant for puppies or weakened animals, usually dogs practically do not get colds, only viral and bacterial infections. There is even a practice for open-air cage dogs to put a bowl of clean snow for drinking in winter. However, you should not abuse cold food. it is harmful to the digestive tract. Canine food should be at room temperature.
DOGS CANNOT A BAKERY.
In fact, dogs are not allowed pastries and yeast products, a white loaf, pastries, muffins and cakes.
Reason: These are slow, weight-gaining carbohydrates that cause fermentation, flatulence and allergies in dogs. As a rule, this “dead food” is not beneficial, contains a large amount of sugars and dyes.
In fact: everything is true, but there are exceptions, for example, a slightly dried loaf of coarse grinding with bran (in a small amount) is quite a useful product. Can sometimes be treated to simple drying, no additives, or a slice of baby oatmeal cookies.
Prerequisites: the occurrence of pancreatitis and other diseases of the pancreas and liver. Important: This refers to the fat that has been collected after frying meat, for example. Do not use unnecessary food for your dog. For healthy young and energetic dogs, having enough animal fats in their diet is essential. Especially with the enclosure or working breeds, athletes, during active physical exertion. For this purpose, fish oil / salmon oil is moderately introduced into the diet, especially in the autumn-winter period, limitedly butter (a small piece 2-3 times a week) and even sometimes. homemade lard without salt and spices. There is no need to specifically remove fat from the rumen or kidneys, but only if you give them raw. Read about sour cream in paragraph 14 above. It is also important to have increased fat in the diet of young women and underweight dogs; they are recommended more fatty varieties of fish, for example, trout, pink salmon, halibut and products such as beef udder, lamb and even lean pork. With the problem of excess weight. the amount of fat in food is reduced, excess fat is contraindicated and with a genetic predisposition to problems with the pancreas. The opinion that dogs are given low-fat cottage cheese and fermented milk products is a mistake, they are not useful, rather harm. However, for most dogs, a diet with moderate fat is more suitable, so cottage cheese can be taken 3.5-9% inclusive, and kefir about 2.5.3%.
Prohibition 18. Dogs are prohibited from many herbs and herbs: celery leaf, sorrel, parsley, rhubarb leaf.
Sorrel. contains oxalic acid. Rhubarb leaf: Contains oxalates that affect the central nervous, digestive and urinary organs of the dog. Read about onions and garlic above (point 5). In principle, dogs can be fed any greens, except sorrel and rhubarb. But we must remember that seaweed dyes the coat in light-colored dogs. Suitable for feeding: all types of lettuce, dill, parsley, young nettle and dandelion leaves, runny, quinoa, celery stalk. Remember that parsley is not recommended for dogs with kidney problems and pregnant bitches.
Prohibition 19. Dogs are prohibited from pasta and cereals
Reason: Slow carbs, which promote weight gain, are poorly absorbed. In fact: the diet is an individual thing, someone feeds BARF, someone “mother’s porridge”. Best of all, the dogs digest three cereals. rice and buckwheat in the form of “friendship” and sometimes the puppies are given oatmeal. But the proportion of cereals should not exceed 15-20% of the diet, the basis is meat and meat offal. Dogs are not recommended for feeding: semolina, barley, sorghum, millet, maize, bulgur, oatmeal. Pasta can be included in the diet sporadically for weight gain, but only from expensive durum wheat and no more than 5% of other types of plant foods.
Prohibition 20. Baby food.
Baby food sometimes contains onion powder and a lot of starch, which is dangerous for canines and does not meet the needs of a growing puppy.
Prohibition 21. Corn.
Theory: The canine’s body is not adapted to the digestion and assimilation of corn, it is in transit and can cause fermentation and flatulence. It is also a highly allergic product containing gluten, which is harmful to dogs. Whole ears should not be given, they can cause obstruction and even lead to the death of the pet.
Fact: Canned corn is strictly forbidden for dogs, as it contains sugar and a large amount of preservatives and dyes. It is also completely indigestible, passing through the intestines of the dog.
Legumes: beans, peas, beans.
Reason: they are not species-specific food for dogs and are practically not absorbed by them, cause flatulence, fermentation and create a favorable environment for the development of candidiasis and pathogenic intestinal microflora. The same is true for soybeans.
As an exception, small amounts of young peas or green bean pods can be fed. Prohibition 22. Chocolate, candy, coffee, tea and other sources of caffeine.
In theory: Cocoa beans contain theobromine (a plant-based alkaloid) that affects heart function. For humans, small doses of theobromine are beneficial. For dogs, the opposite is true. theobromine is poisonous for them, it excites the central nervous system, causing arrhythmia, tachycardia. The smallest thing that products containing theobromine, theophylline and caffeine can cause is severe allergies, hair loss, eye leakage, and allergic otitis media. Dogs do not have enough insulin to convert sugars into glucose and sweets can lead to diabetes and blindness, and if given in large quantities, can lead to death.
Fact: Regular human chocolate raises blood sugar and can cause eye leakage, diabetes and blindness in your dog. The toxic dose for a dog is approximately 7 grams of dark chocolate per 1 kg of the animal’s live weight. That is, even the floor of a bar of uncontrollably left chocolate can take the life of a Papillon, a Spitz, a pug and a Jack Russell Terrier. The first signs of chocolate poisoning are vomiting, diarrhea, heart palpitations and breathing, agitation, intense thirst. In such a situation, you urgently need to contact the veterinary clinic, otherwise convulsions, epileptic seizure may develop, coma and death are possible. Keep in mind that dogs take longer to digest chocolate than humans, so your dog may take a long time to show signs of poisoning.
As an exception, chocolate is given to rescue dogs in the mountains before climbing. For this purpose, choose chocolate with a low% cocoa beans or milk, as it is an invaluable source of fast energy and a natural adaptogen that promotes the production of seratonin.
Modern chocolate is dangerous not only because of cocoa beans and theobromine in it, but also because of the harmful “impurities” contained in chocolate. soy, palm oil, emulsifiers and vegetable fats. So from any point of view, chocolate for dogs is poison and evil.!
Tip: Chocolates and candies are the worst treat for a pet, for this purpose a special “doggy” chocolate is produced!
Prohibition 23. Eggplant. Radish. Turnip. Cucumber.
Reason: Eggplant is contraindicated in dogs with a tendency to allergies or kidney disease. Answer: after checking the individual tolerance, you can give it occasionally, but in a boiled, stewed or baked form. Radish. contains many coarse fibers and is a natural toothpick. At the same time, it irritates the intestinal wall and enhances peristalsis, which can exacerbate existing gastrointestinal problems.
Turnip and cucumber. got on the list of prohibitions absolutely wrong. Turnip has a beneficial effect on the kidneys. Cucumber is not only completely safe, but also beneficial for dogs. The only thing, remember that when giving a cucumber, it is important not to overdo it, otherwise you can provoke loose stools. By the way, turnips can be given both raw and baked. of your choice.
Prohibition 24. Beets.
In many breeds, beets are poorly digested and cause persistent diarrhea, bloating, and intestinal pain. However, it is a very healthy vegetable. It is recommended to give it stewed and boiled, grated or chopped in a blender. It should be borne in mind that beets give the red coat a bright rich shade, but white dogs should not be given it. Theory: beets are a strong allergen that is poorly tolerated by some dog breeds. Fact: In the absence of an allergic reaction. And also for dogs with red hair. a very useful and valuable product. Improves bowel function, given with a spoonful of flaxseed oil and herbs. It is a valuable source of fiber, contains vitamins A, B, C, and has a beneficial effect on liver function. It should be given limitedly, no more than 2 times a week.
Prohibition 25. Cabbage.
Reason: First of all, we are talking about white cabbage. The reason is that it causes flatulence, bloating and pain in the intestines when it is raw. Answer: it should be given limitedly and in a boiled form. useful for dogs are Brussels sprouts, broccoli, Chinese cabbage and cauliflower, it is better to stew or boil them slightly. Cabbage is good for vitamins A, C and beta-carotene.
Prohibition 26. Many berries unexpectedly fell under the ban: black currant, strawberry, wild strawberry.
In fact, in reasonable quantities and in the absence of allergies, you can and should feed any seasonal berries growing on your site, just do not forbid them to eat as much as the dog wants. Most beneficial: cranberries, blueberries, and lingonberries.
Locked 27. Mushrooms.
Theory: For canines, mushrooms are heavy food that they are unable to digest and assimilate. In addition, mushrooms often contain dangerous substances, they accumulate salts of heavy metals, carcinogens and toxins, which can cause allergies, diarrhea and severe forms of poisoning, up to the death of the dog.
Fact: It will be better if the dog does not know mushrooms as food, because the harm from them greatly outweighs the possible benefits for his body (mushrooms contain a lot of vitamin D, nicotinic acid and antioxidants). Dogs that are sometimes allowed by their owners to feast on mushrooms can subsequently be poisoned by dangerous poisonous mushrooms.
Prohibition 28. Alcohol.
From history: Earlier, in the USSR, dog handlers were forced to give dogs alcohol, due to heavy loads. However, alcohol is not for dogs! Intoxication, coma or death are the consequences of drinking with a degree. The smaller the dog, the greater the effect.
Fact: Although we have all heard or know cases when vodka or cognac with egg yolk in villages have successfully treated dogs for poisoning, distemper and even piroplasmosis, you should not risk your pet’s health categorically. In dogs, it is not possible to break down and remove ethanol and the product of its decay. acetaldehyde, it is completely and instantly absorbed into the bloodstream, has a depressing effect on the central nervous system and leads to serious disruptions in the functioning of the liver and kidneys, and with frequent use. to undermined health and even death of the pet.
Prohibition 29. Xylitol. A sweetener found in sugarless gum, candy, and baked goods. Xylitol may be approved for humans, but causes liver damage and low blood sugar in dogs to life-threatening levels. A 5kg dog only needs one piece of sugar-free gum to get a potentially toxic dose. Low blood levels can develop within 10-15 minutes after taking xylitol, along with vomiting and loss of coordination.
Prohibition 30. Broth and minced meat.
Reason: dogs are not recommended to give broth, and even if there are cereals in the diet, it is more correct to boil them in water, it is better to drain the broth before serving. The main reason is the fat content and the increased content of active substances, provoking an excessive release of bile and gastric juice, as well as the high fat content of the broth. This leads to diseases of the pancreas and liver, gastritis and cholecystitis. Often such food leads to allergies, hair loss and liver, kidney and pancreas diseases, as well as weight gain. An exception is unfortified diluted chicken broth for a recovering animal. This is not natural dog food! Store minced meat is often made from stale meat, may contain slaughter products, and often contains dyes and preservatives. In addition, eating minced meat leads to the formation of plaque, the jaw muscles do not work, this is harmful to the dog. Even puppies are advised to give meat in small pieces, rather than in a paste consistency. There are exceptions. this is beef jellied meat containing broth. It is very useful for growing puppies and dogs of large breeds, as well as during the rehabilitation period after injury.
There are few strict prohibitions, it is easy to remember them. In moderation and with good tolerance, you can give a dog a lot of controversial, but healthy foods, which is why a natural diet is good.
And to remember, a short list of really forbidden foods for dogs: spicy, pickled, fatty, fried, smoked (sausage, sausages, barbecue), hot and frozen food, spices, salt in large quantities, sugar and its substitutes, chocolate, canned food. alcohol, tobacco, tea, coffee, soda, cat food, mushrooms, some human vitamins and medicines, boiled and hollow chicken bones, spoiled food, table leftovers, soups, cereals, cutlets and minced meat (not desirable), many cereals (millet, pearl barley, semolina, maize, sorghum), yeast dough, pastries and loaves, baked goods, legumes and corn, chips, ketchup, mayonnaise and sauces.
It is important to remember the main thing. the diet is a purely individual thing, it must take into account a lot of factors, a sense of proportion and the tolerance of certain types of products are especially important.
Never feed your dog food that you are unsure of is safe. Fatty, smoked, peppery, fried food. definitely not for dogs! And if suddenly something went wrong, immediately contact your veterinarian!
Carefully observe the behavior of your pet after the introduction of a new product into its diet, Clear signs of body poisoning may not appear immediately, but the success of the treatment of the animal depends on how quickly you notice something is wrong.
In any matter of keeping a pet, the first condition should be safety, the second. the absence of fanaticism. You should not believe categorical prohibitions if they are not substantiated and not supported by facts. It is worth observing caution, but it is important to remember that we live in an advertising world that can manipulate our minds and habits.
When determining the dose, one should proceed from the fact that the metabolism in dogs is more intensive than in humans, therefore it is impossible to approach the dosage with human standards. The dosage is determined in accordance with the size of the animal and taking into account the reasons for the appearance of the need for vitamin.
- 55-70 mg for individuals weighing up to 7 kg (small);
- 75-95 mg for animals weighing from 7.5 to 20 kg (small and medium);
- 150-300 mg for dogs weighing 25 to 70 kg (large and very large);
- 350-700 mg for individuals of gigantic size (80 and more).
Chronic diseases outside the acute stage of development, treatment of avitaminosis, its prevention in pregnant individuals require the formation of dosages exceeding the listed values by 10-20 mg.
During serious illnesses, injuries and operations, the animal requires increased doses of the vitamin. In this case, it is recommended to give the breeds:
- Small. 70-100 mg;
- Medium. 150-300 mg;
- Large. 400-1500 mg;
- Giant. 1300-2300 mg.
In this situation, it is necessary to clarify the dose in accordance not only with the size, but also with age, diagnosis and health status.
It is necessary to use preparations containing a minimum amount of additives. Dogs don’t need flavoring pills.
Taking ascorbic acid in tablets or dragees can be done with food. In this case, it is necessary to calculate the dosage so as not to change the taste of food, but at the same time give the animals the vitamin in the required daily dosage.
The need for taking ascorbic acid exists in all breeds of dogs. It especially increases with illness, childbirth and old age.
However, there are breeds whose representatives cannot do without injections of vitamin C. These include large and giant dogs. Their risk of joint disease increases with age, especially in the hind limb area.
- Caucasian, Central Asian and South Russian Shepherd Dogs;
- St. Bernard;
- Moscow Watchdog;
- Black terrier.
For prophylactic purposes, representatives of large and heavy breeds should be given vitamin C after the age of 5 years. In combination with other vitamins, ascorbic acid will prevent arthritis or reduce the severity of its course.
Treatment of dogs with ascorbic acid can lead to 2 variants of complications. This is an individual intolerance and overdose.
In the first case, the following allergic symptoms may appear:
- Discharge from the nose;
- Itching with eruptions mainly localized on the back;
An overdose may not occur in an explicit form, since excess ascorbic acid is easily excreted from the body. However, in this case, other vitamins and microelements can also be removed. As a result, the animal develops symptoms of complex vitamin deficiency.
If an overdose has occurred due to an incorrectly calculated dose of intramuscular or intravenous administration of the drug, then the dog may become lethargic. Her reluctance to move is associated with changes in blood pressure, arrhythmias, dizziness, nausea.
- Stop the introduction of ascorbic acid in any form;
- Provide plenty of drink and good nutrition (food should be easily digestible and not solid);
- Give the dog activated charcoal (in case of an overdose of pills or tablets).
In severe cases, you need to contact your veterinarian.
When to give?
The body of dogs produces ascorbic acid, therefore, with a balanced diet, a healthy animal will not feel the need for additional administration of preparations containing this vitamin.
- The appearance of signs of vitamin deficiency;
- Infections or infections in severe form;
- The need to stimulate growth;
- Severe illnesses;
- Feeding puppies;
- Great physical exertion.
You can use special preparations made for dogs or pills for humans. Even the use of tablets containing glucose is allowed.
How to prick?
The injection method depends on the components of the solution and the condition of the animal. If it is necessary to inject only ascorbic acid in small quantities, then this must be done intramuscularly into the thigh. into its inner or outer part.
Before the injection, you need to spread the coat and lubricate the skin with alcohol. The introduction is carried out slowly, since ascorbic injections are painful.
How to dilute with glucose?
Ascorbic acid for injection can be diluted with glucose. This is done if the animal needs body support in conditions of a serious illness, pregnancy, high physical exertion.
The proportions of the ingredients are 1 to 4. This means that 8 ml of glucose (5%) requires 2 ml of ascorbic acid in ampoules (5%). These proportions can only be changed in the direction of increasing the amount of glucose. Vitamin C dosage must meet the above guidelines.
You can mix ascorbic acid only with glucose of 5% concentration. Higher concentration is unacceptable.
Veterinarians also prescribe a mixture of cocarboxylase, ascorbic acid, glucose, and sodium chloride. This injection is carried out subcutaneously at the withers.
Tablets and pills
Ivan Vasilievich, veterinarian, Stavropol:
“I want to warn against excessive vitamins. If the dog eats raw meat, receives sea fish and stewed vegetables, then he can do without vitamin supplements. Pedigree dog owners abuse injections and pills.
The same applies to ascorbic acid. Give it to animals only when necessary. You should not do this “just in case”. Hypervitaminosis is worse than vitamin deficiency “.
For stressed dogs, vitamin C
It is also known that during stress, most of the nutrients, along with vitamin C, are excreted in the urine. In her article on Stress-Free Nutrition and Raising of Dogs, Susan Donahue described her personal research that when sled dogs received vitamin C, they suffered much less stress. Dogs that received vitamin C showed the highest results that are related to training and behavior.
Scientists have found out that during a stressful period, the body lacks vitamin C, especially when Yorkies lack vitamin. To what extent there is a lack of ascorbic acid. It is still difficult to speak. There is some evidence that vitamin B6 and zinc deficiencies and negative calcium balance occur under severe stress. Nutrition can exacerbate or contribute to stress.
Vitamin C for adult dogs and puppies of all breeds
All you need to know
The importance of vitamin C for dogs
Vitamin C is known to accumulate in the body of dogs, and it is not necessary to add it to food. But if we are talking about puppies, then it cannot be said unambiguously. As a rule, puppies are deficient in this vitamin. For puppies of all breeds of southern origin (mostly Molossians), growth is so stressful that babies need to be supported.
Vitamin C in dogs
Vitamin C helps in the formation of collagen (or protein) synthesis, which forms the basic tissue that helps in keeping the teeth in the gums, in strengthening the blood vessels. Collagen helps to regenerate the skin, preserves bones, and gives a strong ligament to organs. Capillaries and the correct formation of connective tissues also depend on it. Exercise, such as jogging, reduces the amount of vitamin C in your body. In addition, under various loads, the number of free radicals in the dog’s body increases, which are capable of attacking the cellular structure, therefore, an increased dose of vitamin C is required. In this situation, it is an antioxidant.
In dogs, vitamin C for dysplasia
Large breed dogs often suffer from hip dysplasia. Studies show that vitamin C plays an important role here, too. Dysplasia is considered a disease that is inherited and directly subject to the biochemical state of the body. Dysplasia is often caused by fragile and low-quality collagen in the ligaments. When pregnant bitches with such a disease were given increased doses of vitamin C, and later, puppies, until they were fully grown. There was not even a hint of a disease such as dysplasia.
The time of the most severe stress experienced by puppies of dogs of large breeds, predisposed to dysplasia. These are the first few years of life. They have great needs for the growth of the body, hence the need for a large amount of vitamin C is formed. Changes in the fiber of muscles and tendons, weakness of the hip ligaments occur in the absence of high-quality collagen. The ligaments are not capable of normal contraction, resulting in a weakening of the joint, and the head of the femur often moves away from the cavity.
As a result, inflammation (arthritis) is common. Multiple types of healed tissue do not allow the head to return to its original place, which leads to dysplasia (subluxation of the hip joint). At the same time, low quality collagen inhibits the growth and development of muscle tendons and pectin fibers. At the same time, the condition worsens.
Does vitamin C help with colds?
Although a lack of vitamin C in the diet leads to a decrease in immunity, this does not mean that large doses of ascorbic acid are capable of curing viral diseases or improving immunity. Scientific studies have disproved the belief that colds go away faster with high doses of vitamin C.
The same principle applies to most other vitamins and omega-3 fats. it is about covering the daily intake of vitamins to optimize metabolism, not about using them to cure diseases or improve health.
The recommended daily intake for vitamin C is 90 mg for men and 75 mg for women. Teenagers need 65 to 75 mg of vitamin C per day, and children. about 35-50 mg. One-time and without harm to health, about 3000 mg (or 3 g) of ascorbic acid in tablets can be maximally consumed.
For comparison, one tablet of ascorbic acid contains 50 mg. half of the daily value for men and 2/3 of the norm for women. In turn, 3000 mg of vitamin C is equivalent to a kilogram of rose hips or 6 kg of oranges or lemons.
// Daily intake of vitamin C:
- For men. 90 mg
- For women. 75 mg
- For teenagers. 65-75 mg
- For children under 13 years old. 35-50 mg
Effect on glucose
Vitamin C has a sweetish taste for a reason. in the body of some mammals (for example, cats) it is able to be synthesized from glucose. However, a person cannot produce ascorbic acid on his own. it must be supplied with food.
First of all, the lack of this vitamin disrupts the mechanisms of transformation of glucose into glycogen. If a person does not receive the required daily dose of vitamin C, a number of metabolic processes in the body are disrupted. from a drop in immunity, ending with a deterioration in overall physical fitness.
// Read more:
Vitamin C rich foods
Although oranges, lemons and other citrus fruits contain vitamin C, they are not in as significant amounts as is often believed. The richest foods in this vitamin are rose hips, red peppers, sea buckthorn berries, black currants, green parsley and spinach leaves.
Note that during heat treatment, vitamin C is destroyed. especially when boiled in water. In addition, the actual amount of ascorbic acid in food may decrease during storage.
// Vitamin C. what is the benefit?
Vitamin C is needed to support a number of energy processes in the body. It optimizes the mechanisms of processing nutrients from food (from proteins and carbohydrates to vitamins and minerals), and also affects cholesterol synthesis and reduces the formation of cholesterol plaques.
In addition, vitamin C is involved in collagen synthesis. Coverage of the daily norm improves the ability of cell membranes to resist damaging factors of various nature. from viruses and sunlight, ending with the fight against inflammation in muscles after exercise.
Vitamin C is water-soluble (unlike fat-soluble vitamins D, E, K, and A) and is not able to accumulate in body tissues. For this reason, it must be eaten daily, and not taken in courses, as some mistakenly believe.
// Read more:
Scurvy (an acute shortage of ascorbic acid) practically does not occur in the modern world, however, a moderate vitamin C deficiency is quite common among people who do not receive the required daily allowance. The reason may be bad habits. alcohol and nicotine accelerate the excretion of this vitamin from the body.
Deficiency symptoms are slow wound healing, increased nail brittleness, hair loss, decreased immunity, and chronic fatigue. Among other things, since vitamin C is needed by the body to absorb iron, the symptoms of their deficiency often overlap.
// Read more:
Vitamin C is the daily requirement for children and adults. How to take it right?
What are the immunity benefits of vitamin C? Does ascorbic acid really help fight colds? Daily norms and doses of vitamin C for health.
Vitamin C (ascorbic acid) is one of the most important chemical compounds for the proper functioning of metabolism. However, despite its importance for metabolism, the substance is not produced in the human body and must be supplied with food.
Covering your daily intake of vitamin C is essential to strengthen your immune system, fight free radicals, and maintain optimal connective and bone function. How to take ascorbic acid correctly. and are regular foods enough??
|Product||Vitamin C per 100 g||Percent Daily Value|
|Fresh rose hips||450-600 mg||500-600%|
|Sweet red pepper||180-250 mg||200-300%|
|Sea buckthorn and black currant||180-200 mg||200-250%|
|Green pepper||130-150 mg||150-170%|
|Spinach and other dark green salad||100-120 mg||110-120%|
|Broccoli, Brussels sprouts||80-95 mg||95-100%|
|Strawberries and other berries||50-60 mg||45-55%|
|Pineapple, melon, apples||15-20 mg||10-15%|
Vitamin C (ascorbic acid) is one of the most important elements of good nutrition. This vitamin is responsible for the functions of the immune system, tissue regeneration and nutrient absorption. However, despite the fact that health needs to cover the daily intake of vitamin C, this does not mean at all that taking it in tablets can improve immunity.
- Intravenous vitamin C as adjunctive therapy for enterovirus / rhinovirus induced acute respiratory distress syndrome, source
- Vitamin C Infusion for the Treatment of Severe 2019-nCoV Infected Pneumonia, source
Should you give your dog vitamin C?
Unlike humans, dogs synthesize their own vitamin C in the liver. Despite this, many pet owners and veterinarians continue to discuss the need to supplement their dog’s diet with dietary vitamin C.
What are vitamins?
Vitamins are a class of compounds that were first described in 1912 as “vital”, or vital substances. Vitamin has five main characteristics:
Not all animals need all vitamins in their diet.
What is vitamin C for??
Vitamin C is an antioxidant. It plays an important role in the synthesis of collagen, a protein that is essential for the growth and development of skin, teeth, tendons, bones, cartilage and connective tissue. Vitamin C is also involved in steroid and tyrosine metabolism and plays an important role in the proper functioning of the immune system. Recent research shows that vitamin C can reduce the risk of stomach, mouth and lung cancers. It also reduces the occurrence of dental and gum disease and helps recover from stress and exercise.
What is Vitamin C?
Vitamin C, also known as ascorbic acid, L-ascorbic acid, is a substance found in many fruits and vegetables (especially tomatoes and citrus fruits such as lemons, limes and oranges ). It is also found in organ meats. Most animal species. Including dogs, synthesize their own vitamin C from glucose using the enzyme L-gulonolactone oxidase. This is called “de-novo” synthesis. These animals usually do not need vitamin C in their diets. However, primates (including humans), guinea pigs, fruit bats, insects, and some birds and fish cannot produce their own vitamin C because they lack the enzyme L-gulonolactone oxidase. They must get vitamin C from food.
Dogs need vitamin C supplements?
Since healthy dogs synthesize their vitamin C in the liver, they probably don’t need this vitamin supplement. If your dog has liver disease or special high metabolic requirements, it may benefit from these supplements to meet the body’s needs. Some commercial dog foods contain vitamin C due to their natural antioxidant properties. Vitamin C supplements are popular and widespread among health conscious individuals, many of whom give these supplements to their dogs as well. Despite the lack of scientific research confirming. That supplemental vitamin C really does help dogs, owners, breeders and veterinarians continue to debate the topic. Unused vitamin C is excreted in the urine as oxalate. An increased concentration of oxalate in the urine may increase the risk of urinary tract stones, especially in males.
Owners who feed their dogs high quality, well-balanced food should not supplement the diet with vitamin C.