By acting on pigments in the hair structure and hair follicles, daily use of soda shampoo helps to brighten the natural color.
DIY soda shampoo recipes
You can make soda shampoo at home using additional ingredients.
Dandruff is a common problem caused by fungus. It multiplies quickly and thrives in acidic environments.
The use of soda due to alkalization allows you to stop the growth and reproduction of the fungus that causes dandruff.
For deep cleaning
The baking soda creates an alkaline environment that can more effectively fight oil on the scalp and hair. When adding sodium bicarbonate to the shampoo, you can achieve deep cleansing of the curls, especially at the roots.
With kefir and burdock oil
In half a glass of warm kefir, add 1 tsp. Soda and 5-6 drops of burdock oil. Apply the mixture to slightly damp strands and leave on for 15-20 minutes. Then rinse your hair thoroughly with clean water.
Soda instead of shampoo
Soda is an excellent replacement for synthetic shampoos of dubious quality, which have a negative effect on hair follicles due to the high content of chemical agents.
Sodium bicarbonate can be used in case of allergy to any of the components of industrial shampoos.
In addition, this budget product is cheaper than any commercially available shampoo.
But the frequent use of baking soda alone for shampooing can lead to negative results:
- Dryness of the scalp appears, accompanied by itching and a feeling of tightness.
- Thinning hair, resulting in increased tangling and difficulty in combing.
- The work of the sebaceous glands is disrupted.
- Tint pigment is washed out from colored hair.
- The ends become dry and brittle.
Depending on the type of hair, soda without adding other ingredients is used instead of shampoo:
- 2-3 times a week for oily hair;
- 3-4 times a month with normal;
- Not more than 1–3 times a month with dry.
With essential oils
Dissolve 2 tsp. Soda in 100 ml of warm water, add 5–7 drops of essential oil:
- For dry hair, use lavender oil;
- For fatty ones. any citrus, as well as eucalyptus and tea tree;
- For split ends, sandalwood and ylang-ylang are effective;
- Cedar, pine, mint and rosemary will save from falling out.
With egg yolk
The yolk contains lecithin, which restores the structure of the strands, as well as a complex of vitamins and amino acids that strengthen the hair from the inside. Thanks to this, they gain strength and healthy shine.
Mix the egg yolk with 2 tsp. Soda until you get a mushy mass. Apply the mixture along the entire length of the hair, then rinse it off with plain water.
Applying baking soda by hair type
Before using baking soda, you need to determine the type of hair, as it is not suitable for everyone.
- Fatty. The increased work of the sebaceous glands makes the strands greasy and requires frequent shampooing. With this type of hair, the use of baking soda is essential. Shampoo with sodium bicarbonate powder will reduce the frequency of washes, reduce the production of sebum, and give the hair lightness and natural shine.
- Normal. not demanding to care, so the periodic addition of sodium bicarbonate to the shampoo will not harm the strands. But frequent use can still lead to dryness of the ends of the hair and scalp.
- Dry. To eliminate dandruff and strengthen the hair structure, you can use baking soda, but no more than 4-5 times a month. Dry hair requires special attention with the obligatory use of moisturizing masks and nourishing balms.
- Dry at the tips and oily at the roots. Combination hair is the most difficult to care for. You will need to alternate washing your hair with soda shampoos, followed by moisturizing the tips (organic oils will come to the rescue here).
Weekly washing and cleaning of the aquarium, more details.
When cleaning the aquarium weekly, the following procedure should be strictly followed:
1. The equipment is received: filter, aeration, thermostat. Everything is washed, put aside.
2. If necessary, care and shearing of plants is carried out.
3. The walls of the aquarium are cleaned. With a sponge or special scraper wipers.
4. If necessary, siphon the soil. No need to clean the soil weekly.
5. Only after that the water is changed: the old water is drained and fresh water is added.
6. The cleaned equipment is installed back.
Remember to clean the inside of the aquarium cover and lamps at least once a month.
After all the manipulations, the aquarium is wiped with a dry cloth, stains can be removed with a window cleaner.
Routine cleaning of the aquarium
Routine cleaning of the aquarium consists in wiping the walls of the aquarium from the inside, siphoning the soil, weekly changing water to fresh.
Cleaning a new aquarium
Therefore, we carry the aquarium into the bath. We recommend that you prepare the place in advance: prepare clean rags or towels, prepare a surface where you can put the washed aquarium, a sponge and soda. The fact is that even a small aquarium is quite a weighty thing, and when it gets wet, in addition to everything, it also becomes slippery. In this state, the aquarium is not very convenient to turn over, raise, carry out other manipulations.
Having prepared everything, we put the aquarium in the bath and rinse it, preferably with hot water. We take baking soda, a kitchen scouring sponge and thoroughly but carefully wash the aquarium.
Well, after that everything should be thoroughly washed off several times. If the aquarium allows, then gently turn it on its side and use a shower spray to rinse everything.
After we lift the aquarium out of the bath and place it on a prepared surface, we recommend using clamps or towels, so that the aquarium does not slip out of your hands. A second person may need help. And now, the aquarium is ready for further installation, which you can read about HERE.
How to clean an aquarium?
How to clean an aquarium?
In this topic, we will try to concisely describe the process of cleaning and washing the aquarium. It’s a simple matter! But it will be useful to find out: how to do it correctly, find out how often you need to wash the aquarium, how to wash it, the sequence of actions, and so on.
To start the conversation, there is a big difference between cleaning an aquarium when you buy it and the planned cleaning of an existing aquarium or in an emergency. Therefore, we will split the article into these three components.
Cleaning the aquarium in emergencies
Unfortunately, it happens that an infection gets into the aquarium and fish die, and the aquarium needs total disinfection. In such cases, a simple wash will not do. Infected aquariums are filled with disinfectants to the brim for a day. The easiest way to fill your aquarium with bleach or other household disinfectants. Pay attention. with DISINFECTANTS! Not all household chemicals have disinfectant properties, read the instructions for the product.
Recommended use: potassium permanganate solution, chloramine solution, formalin solution, bleach solution, hydrochloric or sulfuric acid solution.
With mycobacteriosis, it is recommended to fill the aquariums with washing powder at the rate of a pound of powder per 30 liters of water. In addition, all aquarium equipment is heat treated. boiled.
After disinfection of the aquarium, it is recommended to put the aquarium to dry, at least for a day.
Methods for cleaning the aquarium.
So, first of all, the walls (glass) of the aquarium are cleaned. This action should be carried out in the event that the walls of the aquarium are rummaged, for example, with green dots or brown bloom. To do this, you can use special magnetic scrubs or aquarium brushes. Like these ones:
However, it is worth noting that you need to work with them very carefully. Alas, if even a small grain of sand gets under the magnetic scraper, they can seriously scratch the glass of the aquarium. If you don’t notice this in time, you can end up with the Harm of the Kruger aquarium. All scratched and streaked.
Such careless or inattentive cleaning can lead not only to a violation of the aesthetic appearance of the aquarium, but also to the growth of scratches into cracks, and these are already serious things that threaten with a flood!
Therefore, if your aquarium is not very deep and there is no need to rub it to the point of madness, I recommend using softer and more elastic materials. For example, here are the dishwashing sponges:
Sponge for washing aquarium
Such a sponge has a soft and hard side, which is very convenient. you can carry out general wiping with the soft side, and rub the more dirty areas with the hard side. With this method of cleaning the aquarium, the risk of scratching is minimal. Firstly, because you carry out all the manipulations with your hand and feel all your actions tactilely. Secondly, even if a grain of sand gets under the sponge, it is unlikely to scratch the glass.
After using the sponge in the aquarium, rinse it under the tap and leave to dry until next time.
There is one more “miracle thing” invented by mankind and which is widely used for cleaning an aquarium, her name. TOOTHBRUSH!
A toothbrush, an indispensable item for cleaning the walls and green aquarium decor. It is especially useful in nano (small) aquariums and Amanov herbalists, where you need to work with small objects and carefully.
So, and finally, about the brushes. Takashi Amano also recommended using a battery-powered electronic toothbrush. The type is:
Our position on the electronic brush is this. there is a place to be, it really makes the job easier. But it does not totally save if you have an aquascape in which 60kg. Stones. And if the aquarium is simple, small, then there is no direct strong need to purchase an electric brush. Let’s go further.
In some cases, as a rule, these are large cichlids, the plaque of xenocrocus is so serious that it is quite possible to use a scraper with a blade, for example, such.
A scraper like a razor removes any fouling on the glass of the aquarium in two seconds.
But that’s not all! Here’s another tip for layhacking. Probably every aquarist has seen a brown diatomaceous deposit that forms even in a healthy aquarium at the boundary between soil and water. We take an ownerless plastic card.
And with its help it removes even the most secret plaque. Note that the edge of the card can also work perfectly on the entire glass, try it and see why we recommend it to you.
If you have a large aquarium (cichlid or herbalist), then we strongly recommend purchasing such a very useful piece.
In this case, a glass cleaner called. Eheimrapidcleaner. Similar devices can be found even on Ali, but, as a rule, analogs quickly break down, so we recommend what we ourselves use. The trick of the Eheim RapidCleaner is that, due to the long handle, it can easily clean the back wall of the aquarium and easily reach the bottom in deep aquariums. The basic set includes a handle and a blade attachment that can be easily detached and can be used, for example, on the front wall of an aquarium or in a small aquarium. Additional attachments in the form of a rectangular sponge, a corner sponge and a brush are sold separately. In general, a must-have thing.
When we have coped with cleaning the walls of the aquarium, cleaned the stones, the decor can proceed to the next stage of washing the aquarium. Siphon of soil. Honestly, you can siphon the soil with even an ordinary hose. But there are still more convenient devices: siphons with a neck, with a pear, a python system and even aquarium vacuum cleaners. On our forum, users from time immemorial share their impressions of this or that type of acquired siphon. We recommend that you read or share your opinion about your chosen siphon. this will be useful to our entire aquarium community.
The main criterion for choosing a siphon is its size. Choose a convenient siphon just for your aquarium, for your needs.
For the purposes of this article, let’s look at a rather exotic device. aquarium vacuum cleaners. The meaning of any vacuum cleaner is that it can work. siphon the soil without losing the amount of water in the aquarium. The water does not drain uncontrollably, the vacuum cleaner with the help of a motor draws the detritus into a special compartment and passes the water back into the aquarium.
Aquarium vacuum cleaners are quite expensive, so if you are thinking about purchasing it, choose the best, certainly “not underground China”.
Eheim quick vac pro is one of the best siphons. Ihmo. In any case, when choosing, pay attention to the density of the mesh of the vacuum cleaner. The mesh should retain dirt particles. Any mesh will allow fine dispersed dust to pass through, you should also understand this.
When do we recommend purchasing a vacuum cleaner. Well, firstly, if there are any problems with the skin of the hands, secondly, if a delicate siphon is needed, for example, a carpet of ground cover plants, and thirdly, if the aquarium has a large area that requires a long siphon. Well, in general, you can combine it. first, vacuum everything, and then walk along the bottom with a hose. exhausting and draining part of the water.
It should be noted that all aquariums are different, and each has different aquatic organisms, but the excessive appearance of green and brown spots or plaque in the aquarium is a signal that the aquarium is not in a very good state, namely, poor water quality. Green and brown bloom is algae, lower plant organisms that appear at the earliest opportunity: dirt, overpopulation of the aquarium, high concentrations of ammonia, nitrites and nitrates, lack of sufficient living plant biomass, lack of proper water change. here are just a few common reasons greening the aquarium.
Cleaning the aquarium also includes cleaning the filter and siphon of the aquarium bottom.
The filter is not difficult to wash. This manipulation should be carried out as needed, i.e. When the filter starts to work poorly. In this case, it is advisable to wash sponges or other filtering materials in a basin with aquarium water. Thus, you will inflict less damage on the beneficial bacteria colony formed in the filter. For an example of filter cleaning see this ARTICLE.
After you have cleaned the walls and aquarium decorations, siphoned the soil, washed and installed the filter and other equipment, you should replace or add fresh, settled water, and after that, wipe the aquarium from the outside with a dry cloth, while you can use a glass cleaner. Aquarium cleaning is over.
-an overview of how to clean and run an aquarium
Dry powder instead of shampoo
Probably, many have faced such a situation when there is simply no time to fully wash your hair: for example, you urgently need to take part in an important meeting or suddenly the hot water is turned off at home. In this case, dry shampoo will help you out. It will quickly and effectively bring hair into its proper form. In addition to shampoo, baking soda can be used to make a cleansing peel or nourishing scrub.
Kefir with soda
If you notice that your hair has begun to fall out, split at the ends, try a soda and kefir mask. It is an excellent nourishing agent that strengthens the structure of each hair and removes the consequences of unsuccessful coloring. Combine bicarbonate (20 g) with kefir (30 ml). Its fat content is selected taking into account the condition of the hair. For overdried and thin ones, a 3% dairy product is suitable, for normal. 2.5% fat.
Add 10 g of cinnamon to the mixture of kefir and soda. Spread evenly over the scalp, put on a shower cap and leave the mask on for two hours.
Soda and apple cider vinegar
Typically, vinegar acts as a rinse aid that enhances the effectiveness of the base product. However, a combination of apple cider vinegar and baking soda can help get rid of dandruff. For a soda solution, it is necessary to dilute 2 tbsp. L. Powder in a glass of warm water. For vinegar, use apple cider vinegar, not table vinegar: 100 ml of it is diluted in a liter of water.
The head is washed with a soda solution, massaging the skin for 7 minutes, after which a foam should appear, which indicates the reaction of the active substance with fatty deposits. At the end of the procedure, rinse your hair with vinegar solution.
The benefits of soda
Unlike most modern shampoos, sodium bicarbonate does not contain SLC, parabens or other harmful synthetic impurities. The substance is non-toxic and safe for humans. In addition, its use does not harm the environment. Your hair will become soft and silky, it will acquire a beautiful shine and volume, and it will be easy to comb, which is especially important for people with fine hair who often get tangled.
Baking soda (baking soda) is effective in combating dandruff, it destroys bacteria and fungi, removes excess sebum deposits, heals inflammation and small wounds. Due to this effect, it can be used in the treatment of psoriasis. Beneficial effect of NaHCO3 on roots and strands, eliminating hair loss and accelerating hair growth.
Effectiveness of baking soda for dandruff
- Dissolve 100 grams of baking soda in two liters of water. Spread the solution thoroughly on your hair and lather it a little. The composition is kept on the hair for 10 minutes and washed off with water with the addition of apple cider vinegar.
- Shampoo without impurities and phosphates combined with baking soda, mixed in equal proportions, will help clear the scalp and hair from dandruff. The product is kept for a quarter of an hour, then washed off and rinsed with water and vinegar.
Salt and soda
When deep cleansing is required, use the following recipes:
- Mix sea salt and baking soda (2 tablespoons each), add tea tree oil (5-7 drops). Spread the composition at the roots, gently massage the scalp. After 8-10 minutes, rinse your hair with warm water.
- Mix sea salt (2 tbsp. L.) and baking soda (3 tbsp. L.). Rub the mixture into your skin very gently while washing. Rinse off after 3 minutes with running water. This tool will get rid of grease and “greasy” shine.
Soda with oatmeal
A special shampoo-scrub with soda and oatmeal has an excellent effect on the condition of the hair. Mix equal parts oat flour and baking soda powder. If a coarse “abrasive” is required, use coarse flour or make it yourself by grinding oatmeal in a coffee grinder. Massage the scrub into the scalp for five minutes in a circular motion, then rinse your hair with water and lemon juice.
How to wash your hair with baking soda?
Here are some effective baking soda recipes. The rules for their use are almost identical. Therefore, to understand how to wash your hair with baking soda, consider the simplest and most common method.
To prepare shampoo with m sodium bicarbonate, you should dilute two tablespoons (tablespoons) of the powder in one liter of water. After that, you can start the procedure, following the following recommendations:
- Hair must be dry;
- The liquid is applied to the crown and gradually distributed along the length of the hair;
- The composition should be absorbed into the roots, since soda strengthens the hair follicles;
- Rinse hair with warm water, to which you can add apple cider vinegar or lemon juice: these substances soften hair coarseness;
- Hair is not dried with a towel, but gently blotted with it, removing moisture.
You can wash your hair with baking soda after 3 days, since NaHCO3 does not cause oiliness, makes hair look attractive for a long time.
Recommendations for using soda
Answering the question: “Can I wash my hair with baking soda?”, Cosmetologists usually recommend adhering to the following rules:
- Strictly adhere to the dosage indicated in the recipes.
- Store powder in a dark and dry place and check its expiration date.
- When making a complex mask from several ingredients, first combine them and only then dilute with water.
- After rinsing your hair thoroughly after the procedure, do not use other additional products. this is simply not necessary.
How to clean the aquarium
For high-quality cleaning of the vessel from the inside, it should be washed using special equipment.
Necessary tools and accessories to clean the aquarium:
- Glass scraper to remove plaque and algae.
- Soil cleaner. siphon.
- Bucket or bowl.
- Butterfly net.
The scraper must be matched to the type and size of the aquarium. The most expensive and convenient option is a magnetic scraper that collects dirt by swiping it along the outside of the wall. The pond can be washed with a regular sponge, without impregnation with cleaning agents.
A soil cleaner is required to be able to clean the substrate without removing it from the container. If a significant or complete change of water inside the vessel is planned, it is necessary to purchase a net for the safety of fish. The landing net should be adjusted to the size of the pet so as not to damage the delicate fins.
Why you need to wash and clean your aquarium
Cleaning an aquarium is vital for all living organisms inside the reservoir. Contamination appears on all surfaces: soil, bottom, wall, plants and decor, and the filter becomes dirty. Plaque and debris appear as a result of the life of the inhabitants, who excrete feces, uneaten food residues and active growth of algae. Regardless of the size, large and small aquariums equally need washing, if the procedure is regular, then washing the vessel will not be difficult, since there will not be time to form strong contamination.
If there is living vegetation in an artificial reservoir, then it also requires care and purification. Plants can be cleaned at home, following certain rules:
- Plants don’t like transplants.
- Vegetation is processed not at every harvesting manipulation.
- Spoiled and damaged leaves are cut.
- Overgrown plants must be removed so that they do not become an obstacle to the free movement of fish.
- Pruning should be done as the bushes grow.
- Overgrown bushes should be thinned out so that they do not interfere with the penetration of light into the container.
- If it is necessary to remove a plant with a root, the manipulation is carried out as carefully as possible in order to prevent the rise of turbidity from the substrate.
Washing and cleaning a new aquarium
A new aquarium also needs cleaning. However, the first time the vessel should be washed not so thoroughly. A small container can be rinsed with running water in the bath, there it will be as convenient as possible. It is not recommended to rinse the aquarium with hot water, using a sponge. Too hot water can damage the glass walls of the vessel.
If there is any doubt about the cleanliness of the container, baking soda can be used, soap is not recommended, and before starting the container, make sure that all particles of the cleaning agent are washed off. To do this, the aquarium is rinsed at least 4 times under strong pressure. When the cleaning is completed, the aquarium must be rinsed with clean water, free of chlorine. To do this, tap water should be defended for several days.
The purchased substrate also needs rinsing. The primer is washed without the use of chemicals, until the water becomes clear. The new filter also needs to be rinsed thoroughly. All decor items are also washed, but using baking soda.
How often should you wash your aquarium
Cleaning the aquarium should be carried out depending on the rate of plaque formation, which, in turn, directly depends on the population density inside the reservoir, as well as on the fish species. Usually the aquarium is washed 1-2 times a week. And also the presence and number of living plants significantly affects the frequency of harvesting. Vegetation absorbs nitrates and nitrites well, as a result of which the need for cleaning the vessel is reduced.
Signs indicating that the container needs to be washed:
- Plaque on the walls.
- Plaque on the surface of plants and decor items.
- A slight movement of fish near the substrate helps to raise turbidity.
It should be noted that under such conditions the water parameters do not change much, therefore there is no emergency threat to the life of the inhabitants. However, if the water inside the vessel begins to change its color, cleaning is urgently needed.
Care of the bottom in the aquarium
It is recommended to completely flush the soil to remove any cloudiness from the aquarium. A siphon with a hose is used to clean the substrate. The device allows you to remove the turbidity, let the water through, preventing the stones from tightening. It is recommended to start cleaning from the most contaminated area of the substrate, moving to the cleanest areas during the cleaning process. We recommend using a white bowl to drain the water. A light container will allow you to immediately see a small fish accidentally caught in the hose.
Changing the water in the aquarium
After cleaning the inside of the aquarium, you can start changing the water in it. The amount of water changed depends on the degree of contamination. Typically, about 25% of the total water is replaced. The required amount of replacement water should be drained to clean the soil. The water is drained using a siphon, following the instructions of the device. It is forbidden to use ordinary running water for replacement, it must be defended in advance. It is recommended to pour new water on a grotto or saucer set in advance, on the substrate, so that the water pressure does not immediately fall on the ground and does not damage it.
It is not recommended to wash the internal filter together with other elements of the aquarium, as a sharp change in the biological balance can cause significant harm to the inhabitants of the reservoir. The filter can be disassembled and washed once a month using a toothbrush.
Cleansing manipulations should be carried out so as not to harm the beneficial bacteria that have settled on it. They should not be washed thoroughly. The filter elements are lightly rinsed in aquarium water. If the filter has a ceramic filler, then it should not be washed more than once a month.
How to clean your aquarium: 8 steps to clean it right
A home artificial reservoir is a complex system in which the biological balance is maintained in an artificial way. Water purification is one of the ways to maintain purity and biological balance. If the aquarium with fish is not cleaned correctly, then the water inside the vessel can become cloudy and fade. Therefore, the aquarium should be washed, taking into account all the subtleties and requirements, in order to avoid many ailments and maintain the health of the inhabitants. This article will help novice aquarists figure out how to properly clean an aquarium without harming the fish.
To get rid of odors
To eliminate the unpleasant odor in the refrigerator, it must be wiped with sodium bicarbonate dissolved in water (for 2 tbsp. Water, 1-2 small spoons of the substance). And if you put a small cup filled with dry sodium bicarbonate inside a wardrobe, car, refrigerator, toilet, shoe cabinet, then unpleasant odors will disappear without a trace. In this case, it is recommended to replace the substance once every 3 months.
For cleaning baby dishes
Sodium bicarbonate is absolutely harmless, which makes it possible to use it for washing children’s dishes. By the way, if you wash the milk bottles with a soda solution, then the unpleasant sour smell will disappear. She can also wash toys, bath, pot and much more that belongs to the baby.
Filling for pies
If the berry or fruit filling turned out to be excessively acidic, then it is recommended to add quite a bit of soda to them and mix everything well. The taste of the filling will improve markedly.
Soda for cleaning wallpaper and other surfaces
Soda powder is a good helper in the fight against a variety of pollution. To clean wallpaper or other surfaces:
- 1 liter. Pour 2 tsp warm water. Baking soda. Moisten a sponge and rub a fresh stain with it.
If the solution does not help, use “heavy artillery”:
- Prepare a concentrated paste with 1 teaspoon of powder in 1 tbsp. Water.
- Apply the paste to the stain, hold for 5 minutes.
It is recommended to use baking soda to thoroughly rinse the glass jars before sterilizing. It not only copes well with pollution, but also destroys various pathogenic microorganisms. It is also recommended to wash the vegetables and fruits themselves with a soda solution before canning.
How to clean coins with baking soda?
There is a simple way to clean low-fineness copper or silver coins:
- Mix 1 tsp. Baking soda with a little water. Add water gradually while mixing. you should get a thick mixture.
- Apply the product to a coin, leave for 10-15 minutes.
- Dirt is removed with a medium-hard brush, and the remaining mixture can be easily removed with a damp cloth.
In order to clean coins from the USSR period or coins made of hard metals, you will need:
- Prepare a solution of soda powder and 9% acetic acid mixed in equal proportions. When mixing, be sure to use rubber gloves, mix the solution in a non-metallic container.
- Dip the coins in the baking soda-vinegar solution. Leave until the dirt has completely disappeared. It is better to use a wooden spatula to flip coins in solution.
- If necessary, clean with extra laundry soap and a soft brush.
Remember. acetic acid and soda cannot be used to clean gold and silver coins with a high purity.
If you doubt the freshness of your milk, add a pinch of sodium bicarbonate to it before placing it on the stove. This substance will prevent milk from curdling.
Sodium bicarbonate can easily and easily clean various contaminants from the surface of sinks, bathtubs, products made of stainless steel.
Soda paste will help you against rust:
- A small amount of tea soda is mixed with water. Liquid is added as needed. As a result of mixing, a mass should be obtained that looks like thick sour cream.
- A thin layer of the agent is applied to the corrosive layer, kept for 2-3 hours.
- As a final cleaning step, the surface is treated with a toothbrush or a piece of aluminum foil.