A useful video from an experienced veterinarian who will help you save a puppy from starvation with your own hands:
How to care for newborns?
The best way to feed a puppy who is left without a mom is to find a wet nurse. This should be a suitable sized bitch with few puppies. Artificial feeding of newborn puppies from their very birth is a very time-consuming and difficult task, so it’s better to “outsource”! But if you cannot find such a dog, then you have a feat according to your plan! And the plan for this feat is as follows:
- All meals must be freshly prepared!
- Any container for feeding should be sterilized by boiling for 5 to 15 minutes.
- Wash your hands with soap and water before every meal.
- Before giving milk replacer, check its temperature by dripping a few drops on your wrist (the mixture should be warm but not hot).
- No pressure on the bottle to make the puppy eat faster, hold the container at a 45 degree angle.
You should remember that for the first feeding you need to choose only one product and give it no more than 1 time per day! Complementary feeding temperature: 38 degrees Celsius. It is important that the growing dog gets used to the changes gradually, so that in the future there will be no problems. Make sure toddlers are good at absorbing the new diet before increasing the dosage.
Gradually increase the number of feedings according to the following scheme: 2 times a day. 3 times a day. full feeding. You can completely stop artificial feeding at 5-6 weeks. We emphasize once again: it is very important to do everything gradually, so as not to harm your health.
So, the best first food: chicken fillet, lean rabbit parts. Be sure to have a good look at the pieces before giving them to babies so that there are no bones. But what to feed the cubs further you will learn from the article Cerberus Diet, depending on age: what you need to feed the puppy?
What to feed up to 1 month?
For feeding, you will need a pipette, a syringe with a rubber nozzle, and a measuring bottle with a nipple.
Newborn puppies should receive food every 2-3 hours. The temperature of the mixture should be between 38 and 40 degrees.
How and how much?
You definitely need to weigh the newborns and then monitor how they gain weight and how much they can eat at a time. If the puppy is weak, then it will need to be fed every 1.5 hours from a pipette, syringe or nipple (depending on its size and age). For the first time, 1 ml will be enough. at once.
After 2 weeks, increase the amount of milk to 5-10 milliliters at a time.
Often in the first few days after birth, babies do not gain weight, and sometimes they can even throw it off. Don’t worry: everything should be on the mend in 1-2 days. But if this did not happen, then immediately contact your veterinarian.!
- At the age of 1 to 6 days. 15-20% of body weight.
- At the age of 7 to 13 days. 22-25%,
- At the age of 14 to 20 days. 30-32%
To get started, you need an eyedropper. You can also put a thin rubber tube on it or a syringe. If the puppy is quite large, then it is better to put a nipple on the syringe, in which you need to make a couple of small holes. When the puppies get older, you can use a special bottle with a nipple to feed them.
If the puppy is naughty and pushes the bottle away, then slightly shake the harm and drop milk on his tongue, and also hold his front paws so that they do not push the bottle away.
It is best to feed the puppies when they are lying on their tummies with their head slightly raised. for them this is the most natural position and the danger of buzzing is reduced to zero. If you notice that the baby begins to swell because he is in a hurry to eat and does not have time to swallow food, pull the nipple out of his mouth and give him a chance to rest. The most important thing is for breathing to return to normal, to become calm and measured.
Take your time to feed the kids as quickly as possible, fast food is putting their lives at risk. Ideal position of the container for food and the puppy itself
After you have fed the young troglodyte, hold him for 1-2 minutes with a column, wipe his eyes and muzzle, and do a massage. After eating, the puppy will go to bed.
If the baby refuses to eat, you should drop a few drops on his tongue. After that, he will probably start sucking on the nipple with pleasure. It is better to make a few holes in the nipple.
If, when trying to suck, a newborn puppy is flowing milk from the nostrils, or he makes several breathing movements with his open mouth, then it is possible that he has amniotic fluid in his nasal passages or a congenital disease. an ungrown upper palate. In the first case, it is necessary to remove mucus by sucking it out of the nose, but in the second, alas, to put it to sleep. the puppy will never be able to eat on its own.
At two weeks of age, the puppy should be taught to lap from a bowl. Dip the baby’s muzzle gently in the milk. Be careful not to let milk get into your nose.
For 2-week-old puppies, you can add special puppy cereals to the diet.
Three-week-old puppies will be able to digest and get additional nutrients from canned puppies, which are diluted with boiled water and have the consistency of sour cream.
With breast milk, puppies receive not only the opportunity to grow and develop, but also protection against many diseases, thanks to the immunoglobulins contained in milk of milk. Artificial feeding deprives babies of this protection.
Try to be ready to give him a special vaccination by the age of 4 weeks to protect him from diseases such as parvovirus enteritis, carnivorous plague. To resolve this issue, you definitely need to seek the help of a veterinarian.
When the puppies are 1 month old, they need to be swallowed. Anthelmintics are given 2 times with a break of 10 days. It is important that the baby receives exactly the dose that is appropriate for his weight and age. To do this, read the instructions, in which, as a rule, everything is described in detail.
Puppy milk replacer: artificial feeding for orphans
What a pity the poor kids left without mom and dad. And how I want to give them all the necessary warmth and care. However, how to do it correctly and not ruin the kids?
This is a real SOS situation: is it really possible to feed a puppy healthy and strong without a mother at all??
Do not be afraid: Sobakus.com will tell you in all the details how to feed orphaned puppies, how to replace mother’s milk and how to properly take care of kitties?
- Most often, they switch to mixed feeding with insufficient production of breast milk. Often, a lack of milk is a contrived problem caused either by the subconscious unwillingness of the mother to breastfeed, or by the woman’s low awareness of the lactation processes. However, there are also objective reasons for hypogalactia, forcing the mother to resort to supplementary feeding.
- The second reason for combining breast and bottle feeding for a baby is when the mother goes to work or school. Often, the mother leaves expressed milk during the absence, but more often during the time when the mother is working, the child is fed with milk formula.
- The doctor recommends a mixed type of feeding when the baby is not gaining enough weight or was born prematurely. In this case, this type of feeding is a temporary measure. gradually feeding becomes fully breastfeeding.
- Also, mom can start feeding the baby from a bottle to free up some time for herself. In this case, the child can be left with her husband or another adult for a short time without worrying that the baby will remain hungry.
- Another important reason for supplementing a baby with a formula is the presence of diseases in a mother in a compensated form.
First of all, due to skipping feedings, the mother may experience breast problems (congestion, flushing of milk, chest pains and even mastitis) and lactation. Also, the mother may psychologically suffer from the fact that the time for breastfeeding has decreased.
At the same time, it can be difficult for a child to adapt to two types of feeding at once:
- He may refuse to eat from a bottle and be capricious. At the same time, his appetite may decrease.
- Having started to easily receive the mixture from the bottle, the baby does not want to “work”, extracting milk from the mother’s breast. This happens with a very early transition to mixed feeding (in the first 6 weeks of a baby’s life).
- Often, having received less breast during the day, the baby begins to demand more breast milk in the evening and at night.
- With this type of feeding, the mother can be temporarily replaced by another adult, but at the same time she will have the opportunity to maintain closeness with the baby during breastfeeding.
- The baby retains all the benefits of breastfeeding.
- Mom may be away from the child for a while.
- Mixed feeding can help a dad build a closer bond with his baby.
What is supplemented with?
For supplementation, the same mixtures are chosen with which it is recommended to feed bottle-fed babies. Preference is given to an adapted mixture.
- If the formula and breast milk are given in one feeding, then first the baby is applied to the breast (even if the mother has very little milk), and when the baby has completely emptied it, they give the mixture. The reason for this approach is that the infant has more appetite at the beginning of the feed. If you give the mixture first, it will be difficult for the mother to calculate its required amount, and the child will not want to suckle the breast in order to get milk, since he has already satisfied the first hunger.
- In situations where the mother will be temporarily absent during the day, the child is transferred to such a mixed feeding mode, in which two or three times a day the baby will receive only the mixture, and in the rest of the feedings. only mother’s milk.
- If the amount of supplementation is small, it is recommended to give the mixture from a spoon, since due to the easier flow of the product from the nipple, there is a risk of the baby’s refusal to suckle at the breast. If the mixture is given in large quantities, it is important to choose a resilient nipple that has small holes for the infant to work hard to draw out of the bottle.
- The diet with this type of feeding can be free, but if the mother decides to feed the baby on schedule, then the number of feedings can be reduced by one.
- It is important to carefully monitor the sterility of the bottles and nipples.
- If mom goes to work, you should not postpone the first attempts to bottle feed the baby until the last days. In most cases, babies do not immediately accept bottle feeding. It is optimal to start feeding the baby with a formula 2-3 weeks before the moment when the mother begins to leave the house for a long time.
- With mixed feeding, a baby can start feeding two to three weeks earlier than a baby who receives only breast milk.
What can not be supplemented with?
The baby should not be given a medicinal mixture if it has not been recommended by the pediatrician. There are strict indications for the use of mixtures with a therapeutic effect, for example, a soy mixture is given for allergies to milk protein, and lactose-free is used in crumbs with a lack of lactase. Kefir, cow or goat milk can significantly harm the body of the crumbs.
If the baby doesn’t like the bottle
Many babies do not want to switch from breastfeeding to bottle feeding. To make this transition more successful, mom is recommended:
- Try to put different types of nipples on the bottle so that the baby can pick up “his”.
- The first time to bottle-feed expressed human milk.
- Bottle feed when your baby is hungry but is not yet too hungry.
- Let someone else, not mom, offer the baby bottle for the first time.
- When the baby is fed with a formula, let the baby be in a different position than he used to receive his mother’s breast.
- The liquid that is given to the baby should be warm, since the baby is used to receiving warm milk from her mother’s breast.
- Don’t expect your little one to immediately drink the entire mixture from the bottle.
- In extreme cases, the mother will have to not breastfeed the baby all day so that the baby still agrees to try the mixture from the bottle.
- If the baby persists and he is already 6 months old, it makes sense to plan feeding the baby with complementary foods during the absence of the mother.
Feeding newborn puppies
Feeding puppies up to 1 month old consists in providing them with mother’s milk. Further, complementary foods are gradually introduced into the dairy diet of newborn pets.
The milk of a whelping bitch is very rich in composition and provides the growing body of animals with all the necessary proteins, fats, carbohydrates and vitamins and minerals.
Accordingly, in order for newborn animals to have adequate feeding, it is necessary to carefully monitor the mother of the dog, her proper nutrition and well-being. Feeding a whelping dog is the same as feeding a pregnant dog, only more calories.
If a bitch has a lot of milk, then she can feed her offspring with it for a very long time (up to 2 months). But do not allow the milk (sucking) period of feeding the puppies to drag on, as this can harm the health of the nursing mother: severe emaciation, general weakness.
The following indirect indicators serve as a signal to start introducing complementary foods in newborn puppies:
- a sharp reduction in the average daily weight gain of babies within 2-3 days;
- they are restless;
- the whelping female does not have enough milk;
- puppies are 30-40 days old.
If the mother dog does not have milk, then you can get out of the situation in 2 ways.
Find a newly whelped bitch of the same breed and try to put her newborn animals for feeding.
If the first method is impossible for some reason, then feeding the babies can be done using a special mixture: cow’s milk (800 g), fresh cream (200 g), 1 chicken yolk, oil solution of multivitamins (2 drops). You can also add vitamins A, D3, glucose and ascorbic acid to this mixture.
To begin with, feeding puppies with this mixture can be done from a bottle with a nipple, and from 3 weeks of age. from ceramic bowls.
Animals fed artificially can freeze; to avoid this, it is recommended to use a heating pad. To avoid diarrhea or constipation in a puppy, you should often massage his tummy.
Complementary feeding of newborn puppies
Complementary feeding can be started with cow’s milk.
To do this, you need to take 200 g of warm milk and add a raw chicken egg to it (this will be the most nutritious complementary food). Thus, it is necessary to feed newborn puppies in the first 2 days of complementary feeding. Next, 1 egg is diluted in 300-400 g of milk. Also, the initial complementary foods for newborn puppies can consist of infant formula, which are sold in any pharmacy.
The babies are first fed 2 times (on the 1st day), and then gradually transferred to 4 meals a day, while the mother dog continues to feed them with her milk.
Small pets should be fed from a baby bottle, so the baby will feel most comfortable.
When the puppies are 23 days old, you can start feeding them with cereals (oatmeal, buckwheat, semolina). Porridge should be semi-liquid and cooked from milk. Cereals are finely ground, or passed through a meat grinder before cooking.
Porridge is first introduced 2 times a day, then brought to 4, serving them to newborn pets in a ceramic dog bowl. For each baby, you need to take a separate bowl, which should be deep and stable. Subsequently, an auto feeder and a drinker, or other bowls for dogs can be used.
It is easy to accustom a four-legged fidget to feeding from a bowl, you just need to dip its muzzle several times in milk or porridge.
To establish feeding of newborn puppies without the presence of the mother, it is necessary to develop a conditioned reflex in them. For example, before starting to feed, clap your hands near the feeders, or whistle. On this signal, in a few days, the kids themselves will resort to their bowls of food.
When little pets get used to eating milk porridge (2 days after its introduction), you can move on to the next stage of complementary feeding. start giving minced meat from lean meats. After 2-3 days. try to offer the animals 35-40 grams of raw, finely chopped beef per day. One month old pets can increase the meat portion (100 g per day). The meat must be fresh, not frozen.
On the 25th day of life, puppies begin to feed with vegetable soup cooked in meat broth with cereals and meat cut into small pieces. As pets grow, the size of the boiled meat pieces can be gradually increased.
In addition to complementary foods, four-legged pets need vitamins. Fish oil can be used as a vitamin supplement. 2-3-week-old puppies are given 2-3 drops per day, increasing the dosage by the age of one month to 15-20 drops per day. Then you can add finely chopped raw vegetables (cabbage, carrots, lettuce) to the complementary food. They are added to the soup in small quantities (pinch). Helps prevent rickets and improve bone growth bone meal, calcium phosphate and calcium glycerophosphate. These mineral additives are mixed and added to the soup in the form of a fine powder, you don’t need to put them in much (literally at the tip of a knife).
Newborn representatives of the canine genus should be fed at regular intervals (3-4 times a day), alternating the type of complementary foods. Over time, the number of feedings should be reduced.
Three-week-old pets already need drinking water.
The water should be clean, always fresh, at room temperature. Serve in enamel or ceramic bowls.
For the health of newborn babies, it is necessary to observe the norms of their feeding:
- at 3-6 days of age. the norm is 15-20% of body weight;
- at 7-13 days of age. 22-25%;
- at 14-20 days of age. 30-32%;
- 21 days of age and older. 32-40%.
Only after newborn pets learn to eat cow’s milk and milk porridge, soups with vegetables, cereals and meat, raw and boiled meat, as well as vitamin and mineral supplements, they can be completely weaned from mother’s milk and transferred to feeding puppies after 1 month, and then on the diet of an adult dog.
Can baby food be used for dogs?
Many dog breeders believe that dogs can be given baby food, explaining this decision for various reasons.
Some give baby food to puppies, claiming that it is ideal for feeding them at that age, others. as a dietary food for dogs with diseases, others just feel sorry for throwing out an expired product, and some take baby food on a trip as an alternative to normal food. The reasons are varied, but is it still possible to have baby food for dogs? One could safely say no, but given that rare feeding in small quantities with certain types of children’s products is not harmful to the animal, then it is more appropriate to say. it is not recommended.
Some veterinarians, on the contrary, recommend baby food in cans (Tyoma, Agusha) for feeding dogs, but you should not blindly believe such doctors. You should think, if baby products were suitable for animals, then there would be no recommendations in the form of huge articles, books on the correct feeding of dogs. If everything is that simple, then dogs would only be fed human food.
Features of feeding a dog with baby food
It would seem that baby food cannot harm the animal, because it consists of natural ingredients, in addition, it does not contain artificial preservatives, dyes, and has a balanced set of vitamins, carbohydrates, proteins. However, do not forget that such products are intended for people, and the gastrointestinal tract of people and animals is different. Therefore, you need to think about whether it makes sense to give baby food to dogs, and if a decision has already been made to give, then you should carefully study the composition. Canned foods for children, cereals should not contain harmful ingredients, such as garlic, onions, grapes, raisins, etc. Before choosing, it is important to familiarize yourself with the list of foods prohibited for dogs.
If, nevertheless, it is decided to include baby food in the pet’s diet, then it is given no more than twice a week as a separate delicacy or mixed with food in one of the feedings. For puppies, 1-2 teaspoons are enough. Replacing natural or commercial food with baby food alone is not allowed.
Children’s products are not able to replace dog food, since they are not a full-fledged source of nutrition for dogs, they have the wrong consistency and the wrong set of minerals and vitamins. Of course, fruit and vegetable purees that do not contain grapes and other ingredients that are toxic to dogs can occasionally be given to your favorite pets, but meat puree or meat pieces are not the best food. Children’s meat products are usually crushed or very overcooked, so do not forget that dogs do not digest minced meat well, and they need coarse food. If we talk about dairy products, then you can give baby cottage cheese, sour cream, kefir with a low percentage of fat.
Why it is not recommended to give baby food to dogs
It is not recommended to feed baby products, in particular mashed potatoes, because regular feeding with such products alone does not put stress on the teeth, and the dog must train the jaw muscles. In addition, there may be problems with the gastrointestinal tract, diarrhea, vomiting, allergic reactions.
The benefits of natural raw meat that have not undergone heat treatment and excessive chopping are greater than from boiled meat. It is better to feed even sick old and toothless dogs with natural products, grind them yourself, spin raw beef liver with carrots in a meat grinder, give low-fat cottage cheese, eggs.
Baby food is not as satisfying as special food, and the food needs of the animal are completely different from those of humans. Including such foods in the diet increases the risk of becoming addictive in the pet, as a result of which the animal will become picky about food.
Many people think that baby food is of better quality and better than dog food, because after all, it is made for children. But if you want to feed your dog well, then it is better to buy high-quality dog food or prepare food for your pets yourself.
How to determine gender?
There is no other way to determine the sex of a dog, except by examining the genitals. Ways of determining “by muzzle” or “by character” are highly questionable.
Sex characteristics of a male puppy.
- In males up to 8 weeks, the genitals are not sufficiently formed expressively, the testicles are not yet visible, but the tiny penis can already be found.
- In the area just below the navel, where there is virtually no fur, the newborn will have a tiny fold with a small protrusion. If the dog is long-haired, then in this place there will be a clearly visible tuft of hair.
- Under the tail, the dog will have an anal opening, between the paws. a small bundle of hair (there will be testicles in the future).
Sex characteristics of a puppy bitch:
- girls-dogs do not have a tuft of hair or a clearly palpable protrusion near the navel, but there are usually small nipple marks (although they are also in males);
- under the tail, slightly below the anus, there will be a small seal (genital slit) practically between the legs.
Inspection must be carried out delicately, because babies are fragile and vulnerable. You should not touch the newborn right away. in the first days you may not make out its gender, but such examinations can weaken the smell of the puppy for the mother.
The most informative examination will be in the third week of life and beyond. You will also notice that male puppies will be slightly larger than their sisters.
To carry out a correct examination, the owner needs to take a towel (terry, heated on a radiator), put the puppy on its back, holding it well with his hand. Stroke the baby, try to relax him.
Puppies, like all mammals, are born viable but helpless animals. They do not see or hear anything, they are not able to survive on their own. From the moment of birth, babies are in the vegetative period, which lasts 10 days.
These days are aimed at adapting the puppy to environmental conditions, primarily to temperature and smells. On the first day, the puppies still resemble soft fluffy lumps, and on the second day they become denser, more elastic, their fur begins to shine beautifully.
At this time, newborn puppies are growing very actively: in the first week, they gain twice in weight. Babies are becoming more active every day: the owner, even during the growing season, can already determine which puppies in the litter are stronger. If the puppy is strong, he tries to be the first to break through to the mother’s breast, weaker babies are forced to give in. Strong dogs gain weight faster, their eyes open earlier and hearing develops.
The breeder should tirelessly observe the babies and their mother: weak puppies should be placed under the milk nipples on time. The bitch usually monitors the cleanliness of the nest herself.
The opening of the eyes and ear canal in puppies occurs at 10-14 days of life. This is a transitional period in the development of a dog or a phase of awakening. Kids can see the world around them, hear sounds. At the same time, milk teeth are erupting.
If the puppy belongs to a small or medium breed, he is already trying to stand up and walk. Large breed puppies try to stand for 15-17 days. They also look like teddy bears, they do not make sounds at all like dogs, but they very quickly learn to growl and bark.
From two weeks to one month, puppies go through a period of transition to independence. Puppies at 3-4 weeks are much less dependent on their mother. When the owner sees their first milk teeth, he can begin to give complementary foods. Food must be liquid.
By 3 weeks, complementary foods will already be given 2-3 times a day. By the age of one month, babies are almost completely switched to regular food.
It is in the month that the puppies begin to really get used to the owner. At the same time, kids become very curious: they are interested in everything that is around, they boldly explore the territory, try everything to their teeth and, like all children, love to frolic and play.
Psychophysiological stages of puppy development
Neonatal or neonatal period (1-10 days)
Rapid growth of the puppy, development of unconditioned reflex reactions, intensive growth of the brain. The main reaction of the baby is positive to the warm woolen surface. In the absence of a mother, puppies sleep in a bunch, so they try to keep warm, because their heat regulation is still far from perfect (crowding reaction).
Babies show interest in meat and other solid foods, they have chewing movements. Conditioned food reflexes are formed. Natural orientation reactions begin to work, as well as conditioned defensive reflexes.
Initial socialization period (35-80 days)
Conditioned reflexes are formed at an impressive speed. Physical activity rapidly increases, play and research activity of puppies grows stronger.
Then the juvenile period begins (12 weeks), in which the typological characteristics of the dog are formed.
Newborn puppies: developmental features, sex determination and care nuances
As there are no two absolutely identical people on the planet, so there are no dogs that in their development and life path would completely repeat each other. But at the same time, each dog, being born, goes through certain stages of development. And all breeders who have to deal with puppies should understand what constitutes a dog’s newborn period.
What to feed the puppies?
It is not difficult to feed a dog his fill, but to feed it correctly, according to the norms, is a matter that requires knowledge. Alas, dogs often endure poisoning with stale food, and not hungry street dogs, but pets. Foods that your pet will eat must be fresh.
The following foods are used to feed the puppy.
- Milk. Up to 4 months, it is present in the baby’s diet. Many experts advise giving the puppy a healthier goat, but since it can be problematic to get it, a whole cow will do. By six months, the amount of milk decreases, then it is completely removed from the diet, leaving only fermented milk products in it.
- Dairy products. The dog needs them for the intake of calcium into the body and for comfortable digestion. Serum is useful for puppies. But the grown dog eats sour milk only twice a week. For success in training the baby, you can sometimes treat it to hard cheese.
- At least 40% of the food in the diet should be meat. It can be given raw, scalded, or boiled. The puppy can be fed with skinless chicken, turkey and veal, beef, horse meat.
It is necessary to include in the menu of dogs and organ meats. All of them are cut into small pieces, but you do not need to turn them into minced meat. Meat begins to feed 20-day-old puppies (around this age they have teeth).
- Fish or seafood is given to the baby twice a week. But river fish is not the best option. The puppy eats it with appetite, but the consequences can be dire: river fish are often infected with helminths, and the baby can also choke on the bone.
- Vegetables. Vegetables are full of vitamins, therefore they are required in the diet. They are usually mixed with porridge or curd. You can stew vegetables, or you can wipe them on a grater. Puppies can be given pumpkin, zucchini, beets, carrots. Better to start with grated carrots with sour cream.
- Cereals. Porridge serves as an addition to the main diet of puppies, which consists of meat and dairy products. In the first months after birth, babies’ porridge is boiled in milk. Evaluate how the dog tolerates groats: some puppies do not have a relationship with buckwheat, for example.
Soups are cooked with cereals and vegetables for pets. Of course, you cannot feed a weekly puppy with such food, but a three-week-old baby can be (but not very often, 2-3 times a week).
And babies can also be given egg yolks (it’s great if these are quail eggs). Some puppies like fruit, and if they tolerate it well, you can offer the dogs such a treat from time to time. But only in a safe form, for example, apple slices. But do not even offer the puppies fruits with seeds, as well as grapes and currants.
Sometimes the question arises about how to feed the puppies if the dog does not have milk or if they are very small without a mother. Instead of infant formula, as many owners do, it is wiser to use an adapted formula for newborn puppies.
Zoo pharmacies also sell bottles used to feed dogs.
Many breeders even take a short break from work as soon as new-born puppies arrive in the house. And if this is the first brood for a bitch, such increased care from the owners is quite logical. In an adult dog, not for the first time experiencing the experience of giving birth, the maternal instinct is strong.
Caring on the part of the breeder is about controlling the situation, providing warmth and calmness to the dog and its offspring. She herself takes care of feeding, licking the babies, but there may be unforeseen difficulties (postpartum complications), which are important to see on time.
The main points of care for puppies.
- Thermoregulation. In newborn puppies, it is still imperfect, so even if they feel chilly, you will not notice the characteristic shiver. Therefore, it is important to monitor the temperature in the bed (if babies grow up without a mother). If it is colder than 30 degrees, babies can freeze.
Weak, not very long hypothermia strengthens the dog’s immunity, puppies get used to growing in natural conditions. But if they are cold and in a state of hypothermia for a long time, this is a serious threat to babies.
- Claws. Approximately on the 8th day of the puppies‘ life, they get their first “manicure”. You need to trim the claws of the dog every week. If this is not done, the puppy may scratch the bitch’s skin while sucking on his mother’s milk. Cut off only sharp edges (hook tips).
- Digestion. Digestion problems, intestinal infections may be indicated by a special putrid smell from the puppy, around the anus it will have characteristic yellow traces. An intestinal disorder often leads to the death of the dog, therefore you need to react immediately.
The baby’s navel stump should be lubricated with brilliant green for the first days of his life. If the umbilical cord is gnawed by a bitch with bad teeth, this can cause bacteria to enter the fresh umbilical wound.
How to Care for Newborn Puppies! Tips and Advice on How to Care for a Newborn Puppy!
In the first week of life, caring for babies is easy: they sleep or eat almost all the time. If during sleep the puppies flinch, squeak, you should not be afraid.
But when the kids are already growing up and they are one month old, the time comes for the first treatment. The puppies are waiting for anthelmintic therapy. It is carried out several times (the veterinarian will give the exact schedule). Usually, anthelmintics are given twice with an interval of 10 days. The puppy must swallow the tablet, this must be monitored.
And although dogs are given nicknames almost immediately, only from about 45 days of life they can begin to adequately respond to them. Closer to two months, it becomes clear what kind of dog is growing with you, what is its disposition, character. From this time on, the puppy needs to communicate with a person. You can already really educate him, start training. It’s time to go out with him to the “big world”.
Artificial feeding of newborn puppies
The best food for newborn puppies is breast milk.
But sometimes natural feeding is not possible.
The bitch may be ill, she may not have enough milk for all the puppies, she may not let the babies near her. In such cases, the puppies will have to be fed without her participation.
How to feed newborn puppies
It is better to use the ready-made mixture immediately, but you can feed it during the day (24. maximum 36 hours). Store the mixture in the refrigerator. If you are preparing food for several feedings, immediately divide it into portions. put the excess in the refrigerator immediately after preparing the mixture.
Newborn Puppies: Birth to 2 Weeks
The temperature of the mixture for feeding puppies should be about 38 degrees. It is better to warm up the finished mixture in a water bath, placing the dishes with the mixture in a container with hot water.
Very tiny puppies can be fed with a pipette or syringe without a needle. If the puppies are not very small, you can use a regular baby bottle with a rubber teat.
It is important to adjust the size of the hole in the nipple. Too large can lead to the puppy becoming sluggish, and too small will prevent the baby from fulfilling his nutritional requirements due to the rapidly coming fatigue.
The lactating bitch not only feeds her babies, but also monitors their digestion. When artificially feeding puppies, you will have to take on this task too.
Before each feeding, lightly massage the puppies’ tummies with a damp and warm cloth made of natural fabric, imitating the licking movements with their mother’s tongue.
Industrial milk substitutes
The solution to the problem can be ready-made substitutes for bogey milk, which contain all the nutrients, vitamins and minerals necessary for the healthy growth of puppies.
Powdered milk for puppies is easy to use. just dilute the powder in the required proportion and bring it to the required temperature.
Such breast milk replacers for puppies as Royal Canin, Hartz, Beaphar, Canina Welpenbrei have proven themselves well.
The latest manufacturer also has a special puppy porridge mixture in its line of products for puppies that can be used from 3 weeks of age. This is a great option for introducing complementary foods.
How to make your own formula for feeding newborn puppies
The most readily available cow’s milk is not very suitable for raising puppies. Calories, proteins, and so necessary for babies calcium and phosphorus, it contains almost two times less than milk.
Therefore, cow’s milk will have to be “modified” a little, adding nutritional value to it.
A proven recipe for preparing a mixture for feeding newborn puppies is to add the yolk of a chicken egg to cow’s milk (at the rate of 1 yolk per 100 ml of milk).
It is advisable to add one or two drops of vitamins A and D and 2-3 ml of 5% ascorbic acid (vitamin C) to the resulting mixture.
How much food does newborn puppies need?
The first week of puppies’ life is the most responsible and the most difficult. Babies will have to be fed every two hours, including at night.
Somewhere from the 10th day of life, the number of feedings can be reduced by increasing the intervals between them. By the end of the first month, puppies can be fed no more than 5-6 times a day.
The amount of food per day that a puppy needs for full development depends on the age of the baby and its size.
A puppy for 2-3 days of life needs a ready-made mixture: 30 ml per day (if the approximate weight of the mother ranges from 1 to 5 kg), 70 ml (5-10 kg), 90 ml (10-20 kg), 120 ml (20.30 kg), 170 ml (over 30 kg).
On the 7th day of life: 40 ml (if the approximate weight of the mother ranges from 1 to 5 kg), 90 ml (5-10 kg), 120 ml (10-20 kg), 160 ml (20-30 kg), 230 ml ( more than 30 kg).
On the 14th day of life: 60 ml (if the approximate weight of the mother ranges from 1 to 5 kg), 130 ml (5-10 kg), 180 ml (10-20 kg), 250 ml (20-30 kg), 340 ml ( more than 30 kg).
On the 21st day of life: 80 ml (if the approximate weight of the mother ranges from 1 to 5 kg), 180 ml (5-10 kg), 240 ml (10-20 kg), 330 ml (20-30 kg), 460 ml ( more than 30 kg).
On the 28th day of life: 100 ml (if the approximate weight of the mother ranges from 1 to 5 kg), 220 ml (5-10 kg), 300 ml (10-20 kg), 410 ml (20-30 kg), 570 ml ( more than 30 kg).
The specified rates are for guidance only. Nutritional requirements can vary greatly between puppies even of the same size in a litter.
Observe babies while they feed.
A puppy who is fed up with the proposed food usually turns away from the nipple himself.
But remember that he can turn away also because he is tired of sucking, although he has not been full.
Be sure to find out the weight gain rates for puppies of your breed, and monitor this indicator.
From two to three weeks of age, puppies are advised to add pounded cottage cheese or special cereals for puppies. A little later, you can enter porridge with scraped meat or ready-made dry food, designed specifically for small puppies. For example, (Royal Canin Starter) Royal Canin Starter. The advantage of this food is the availability of several species for different breeds of dogs. Small breed puppies and large breed puppies differ in developmental speed and growth needs, so choose the food that suits your little one.
What to do after puppies are born
Self-feeding a newborn puppy
How to feed a newborn puppy without a mother at home is one of the main questions for many dog breeders. If children refuse mother’s milk, they can be fed artificially, that is, food that is rich in macronutrients, fiber, vegetable protein. How to feed newborn puppies without a mother will be described below.
Preparing Puppy Food Formula
How to feed puppies if the dog does not have milk is one of the popular questions on zoophores. If the mother does not have milk or she refuses to feed the newborn puppies, then you can prepare the milk formula yourself. For its preparation, use boiled water and glucose or boiled milk and 1 raw chicken yolk. All ingredients are thoroughly mixed until a homogeneous mass is formed, filtered through cheesecloth, boiled for 5 minutes, cooled to room temperature. Be sure to give your pets the mixture on the day it was prepared. Babies should not be fed with fresh food. It can negatively affect their stomach function.
Four to six months
How to feed pets, menu for 1 day:
- breakfast. cottage cheese with milk, fruits;
- lunch. liver (kidneys), boiled rice, vegetables;
- afternoon tea. kefir, cottage cheese;
- dinner. boiled meat, fish with vegetables.
At this stage, you can reduce the number of meals to 4 per day. Is it possible to feed a puppy with cow’s milk. breeders often ask. It is not advisable to feed babies with fatty cow’s milk alone. It can harm the stomach.
First feeding for puppies
Complementary feeding begins from the 20th day of life of the offspring. During this period, their teeth erupt, so it becomes painful for the mother to feed them. The type of complementary foods depends on the nutrition of the parents. If the mother eats dry food, then it is recommended to give it to the children. If the dog is kept on natural food, it should also be prepared for the offspring. The transition should be gradual. First, complementary foods are carried out once a day, the rest of the time the puppies feed on breast milk. Then. 2-3 times a day. When the offspring completely refuses mother’s milk, they need to be fed 5-6 times a day with the chosen type of feed.
From two to four months
- morning. cottage cheese with milk;
- second breakfast. boiled meat, rice, vegetables;
- lunch. cottage cheese and raw egg;
- afternoon tea. turkey, stewed vegetables;
- dinner. boiled cabbage, raw meat.
Fish oil can be added to the diet to strengthen the body.
Feeding puppies from 4 months of age
Puppy feeding position
The most optimal position for feeding toddler dogs is lying on the stomach with the head slightly raised. In this position, babies digest food better and cannot get swollen. To prevent puppies from choking, breeders should monitor their breathing and behavior. If the animal’s heartbeat is accelerating, you need to pull out the nipple so that the pet can fully swallow the food.
Feeding a newborn baby