Inclusion in the diet
Like any new product, beets and their tops should be included in the diet gradually. They give it both raw and boiled. You can start feeding rabbits from the age of one month. The initial rate is 20-25 grams, which is then brought to 50-55 grams.
Rabbits that have reached two months of age can already be given 100 grams of product per day, but the entire volume should be divided into two parts. Three to four-month-old rabbits are fed 150 grams of beets and tops per day, and then the volume is increased to 250 grams.
You should not start giving beets to adults for the first time, as they may refuse it. Therefore, it is better to accustom rabbits to such food from an early age. This will become a healthy habit that will improve the functioning of the digestive system. To avoid diarrhea, it is necessary to give beets without exceeding the norm.
Pregnant and lactating rabbits should not be given raw beets. They need to be given vegetables only in boiled form. If the females did not try this product at an early age, but they should no longer start giving in this state.
The permissible norm for adults is no more than 450 grams per day, which should be divided into three doses.
Can rabbits be given red beets and raw potatoes?
For the successful development of rabbits, root crops must be included in their diet. This is a general recommendation, but there are nuances. are all root crops useful, in what quantity and form it is recommended to give them to pets. In particular, the actual question is whether it is possible to give rabbits red beets and raw potatoes.
Can rabbits be given tops
Beetroot consists not only of the root vegetable, but also of the tops, which is the upper green part.
The tops are essentially the same green food as grass, and are quite suitable for feeding rabbits. The foliage belongs to useful products, since it contains a number of trace elements that are of particular importance for the body of these rodents.
There is no starch in the petioles of beets and their foliage, and sugar is contained in small quantities. But it contains a lot of fiber, well assimilated by rabbits. The digestive tract of animals is improved, but there is no indigestion or constipation. The tops also contain organic acids, carbohydrate compounds, amino acids, proteins, carotenoids, minerals, B vitamins. Beet tops have antiseptic properties.
Only high-quality products should be given to the animals. Rotten leaves and spoiled petioles should be excluded. You can not give, both overripe root crops and overripe. Before offering cuttings and tops to rabbits, rinse them well to get rid of dirt and dry them. Make sure there is no rot and mold. You can feed rabbits tops with root crops or separately. You can also combine it with other succulent foods. Rabbits that are regularly supplemented with beets will be better able to withstand many diseases.
However, it makes no sense to dry and store beet tops for future use, since they will no longer be of great value, therefore beet tops are seasonal feed for rabbits. It is permissible to add tops to the silage. To do this, the mixture, together with finely chopped tops, is placed in a wooden barrel and pressed with oppression.
Types of beets
Beetroot is one of those products that are easy to grow and at the same time do not require large material costs, which is attractive for rabbit breeders.
- Red (dining room).
Fodder beets are grown specifically for feeding farm animals.
The unpretentious culture is rich in fiber and pectin, which is especially important in winter in the absence of fresh green forage. Fodder beets, which have a high energy value, are easily and quickly assimilated by the body of animals.
Cold resistance makes it possible to grow fodder beets in almost all regions of the country, and the high yield justifies the effort. You can store it until spring.
Sugar beets contain a large amount of sucrose, so they are grown mainly for the purpose of obtaining sugar and its by-products such as starch and molasses.
It can be included in the diet of farm animals and pets, but only in limited quantities. The benefit of sugar beet is that it contains a lot of pectin, iron, betaine, vitamins B and C. This helps to increase immunity, fertility, and strengthens the cardiovascular system of rabbits. Compared to fodder, sugar beets are more expensive, but they are better absorbed by rabbits, contain less fiber and more sugar.
The limitation of this useful product is due to the fact that the large starchy compounds and glucose in sugar beets can have a negative effect on the delicate body of rabbits. Therefore, sugar beet for rabbits is the product that should be added to the menu of farmed rodents in reasonable amounts.
Red beets are primarily intended for human nutrition.
This vegetable is a storehouse of useful vitamins and minerals. However, it contains a large amount of organic acids and fiber, which can disrupt the intestines of rabbits, which ultimately can even be fatal if overeating.
Potatoes in the diet of rabbits
Potatoes are a type of juicy feed. Rabbits eat it with great pleasure. Their body copes well enough with the digestion and assimilation of this root crop, however, it is necessary to feed it to animals in compliance with certain rules.
Potatoes contain vitamin C and group B, such trace elements. like potassium, magnesium, iron, silicon, phosphorus, ascorbic acid and starch. The benefits of potatoes for rabbits are that their appetite improves, their immunity is strengthened, good work of the gastrointestinal tract is maintained, and the work of the cardiovascular system is normal.
However, it is the large starch that prompts the recommendation that the potatoes should be fed to rabbits in small quantities and in small portions. This is especially important to do at a time when it is just being introduced into the diet of animals.
The starch contained in large quantities in potatoes is quickly absorbed by the rabbit’s body, which contributes to rapid weight gain and is beneficial when feeding them for meat.
The absorbed starch is deposited in the form of fatty deposits, which can lead to excessive obesity in rabbits. Excess weight can become an obstacle to the successful reproduction of rabbits, reducing the activity of reproductive function. Potatoes in the diet of rabbits should not exceed 10% of the total amount of feed. It should not be the basis of food, but a useful food supplement.
Potatoes are a rather heavy food, therefore, it is possible to introduce it into the diet of animals only from the age of four months. It should be introduced gradually, cutting off a small piece from the tubers, and observing the state of the animals after that. If you experience constipation, bloating or a digestive tract disorder, take a short break and then reduce the daily dose. If animals already accustomed to this product develop loose stools, then potatoes can be used as an emergency treatment for this.
There is a difference in what form the potatoes should be offered to rabbits. raw or boiled. Compared to the raw type, boiled potatoes are better absorbed by the rabbits. There are cases when it is always necessary to boil it before feeding.
It is better to cook boiled potatoes in the form of mashed potatoes. To do this, peel it, crush it and add a little water. Mashed potatoes, which will delight omnivorous rabbits, should be given not every day, but twice a week.
Since there are no proteins and inorganic salts in potatoes, it is recommended to give it to rabbits as part of a mash, combining with products containing these elements. In addition to potatoes, the mash can contain peas, cereals, and chopped cabbage. The mixture should be offered to animals warm. One adult rabbit can be fed up to 200 grams of mash every day.
Potato peels can also be added to the food of rabbits, which contain approximately the same composition as the tubers.
Raw peels should be washed thoroughly before feeding and cut into small pieces. You should not give potato tops to a rabbit, since the poisonous substance solanine accumulates in it, which causes the risk of animal poisoning.
How to treat hemorrhagic disease in rabbits with the Rabbiwak v vaccine read in our article.
Beet dressing making
Sugar beets are served fresh or boiled. If the animals have not received this vegetable before, it is recommended to boil it before serving, and then gradually replace it with raw roots. The question is: where to put the green part of the root crop?
The tops are fed raw, it goes as an additive to the main feed or is mixed with green mass, branches. You can feed after washing the tops from dirt and a little drying.
After harvesting the vegetable crop, the root crops are dried under sheds that protect the vegetables from bad weather and bright sun. In case of heavy rainfall, it is best to put the beets in the basement.
It is important to know that tainted beets should not be fed to rabbits. With the formation of rot, root crops are not used in the diet of animals.
Useful properties of beets
Beets for rabbits are useful as an energy and vitamin product. It contains a lot of mono- and disaccharides, mineral elements, organic acids. These substances are not only energy sources, but also have a beneficial effect on many organs of the rabbit’s body. From the use of root crops in animals, the level of hemoglobin and immunity increases, they grow faster and gain weight.
How to feed fodder beets?
Eared pets eat this culture with pleasure, as it is juicy and tasty, it contains a lot of sugar. Thanks to carbohydrates, rabbits gain weight quickly. Beets can be fed from one month of age. Babies are first offered no more than 25 grams of root crops per day, then gradually increase the daily rate.
It is best to start accustoming animals to the product by offering it boiled. Vegetable pulp is mixed with other feed such as potatoes or herbs. Silage is made from this beet variety. It serves as a good vitamin supplement for rabbits in winter.
Reference. Beet leaves and tops can also be given. However, the green part of the culture is never distributed fresh. After collecting the grass, they always wither, and only then they treat the pets.
Is it possible to feed the tops
Sugar and fodder beet tops are suitable for feeding rabbits and can be served fresh or added to silage to other ingredients. This is a good green food that you should not give up. It contains a lot of vitamins and mineral elements, proteins, acids, however, it has a laxative effect, so you should not give it a lot.
It is better not to feed small rabbits with beet tops, but to give it only to grown-up young animals and adults. Before distribution, it is advisable to wither the sheet. The frequency of feeding the tops is 1 time per day. As part of green food, it should not take more than 1/3, it is better to give it with plants that have an astringent effect. with oak, alder, yarrow, etc.
Can beet leaves be given to rabbits?
Rabbit breeders, who also have a garden, often give their pets tops from garden plants, for example, carrots and Jerusalem artichoke, a cabbage leaf. But novice livestock breeders often do not know what can and cannot be fed to their animals without harm to them, in particular, is it possible to give beet tops and root crops themselves to rabbits and how to do it.
45 Rabbit Safe Foods
How to feed young beets?
The diet of rabbits should be varied. Starting from the age of one month, small quantities of root vegetables can be included in it. It is not recommended to offer raw beets to babies, they must first be boiled. It is important for the farmer to follow the rules for introducing complementary foods to rabbits:
- Any new product is introduced gradually when the cubs are one month old.
- First, the kids are given about 25 grams of boiled vegetable per day (it is better to choose the sugar variety for the first acquaintance).
- Gradually, the daily volume is brought to 50 grams.
- When the rabbits are 2 months old, it is recommended to bring the daily volume of the root crop to 100 grams.
- By the age of three months, rabbits can eat more than 150 grams of vegetable per day.
- The entire daily volume of beets must be divided into several doses.
Attention! When new foods are introduced into the diet of rabbits, it is important to carefully monitor their health. changes in stool, appetite. If there is a negative reaction to the root crop, feeding should be stopped.
All types of beets, except for red beetroot, are good for rabbits. The vegetable can be introduced into the diet when babies reach one month of age. This is done gradually, first they offer about 25 g of root crops per day, and then the rate is increased and brought to 300 g. The tops of all beet species are suitable for food for animals, but they are not given immediately after collection, but only by drying in the air. By following these recommendations, you can be sure that pets will benefit from such food.
The good health and active lifestyle of the rabbits will depend on how the food is organized, and therefore the owner must think over the diet as carefully as possible. It is important to have knowledge of which foods are suitable for the animals and which are not. But rabbit breeders argue about red beets to this day. Some argue that it contains vitamins that are so necessary for animals. Others believe that it will seriously harm their health. What is the truth, and is it possible to give beet tops to rabbits?
Growing beets will not require a lot of labor and time, and the amount of harvest will be high. This state of affairs allows one to think about what the use of beets for feeding rabbits. But before introducing a vegetable into the diet of animals, it is worth understanding whether this product is useful for them or not. In order not to harm animals, you need to follow the rules for feeding.
What beets can and can not be fed to rabbits
Of all types of vegetables, sugar is healthier for rabbits. It contains a lot of carbohydrates (18-24%). source of energy, there are proteins, fat and less fiber than other types of this vegetable. On a diet that includes sugar beets, animals quickly gain weight, remain mobile and energetic. It is advisable to feed it to fattening animals, but it is also suitable for parent livestock.
Fodder beets are less nutritious, but rabbits will also enjoy eating them. It is more productive than all other types of vegetables, so it makes sense to plant it on your site, especially if there are a lot of rabbits. As for red beets, it is undesirable to feed them to rabbits. There is a lot of fiber in it, from a large amount of such food they can have digestive disorders. This product may cause bloating, especially in young animals. Therefore, for young animals and adults, instead of a dining room, it is better to pick up root crops of other varieties.
How to feed rabbits with beets
Sugar beets are given to rabbits in any form. raw, boiled, dried or in silage. The age of the animals can be of any age, but it will be especially useful for females feeding rabbits: from such feed, the quantity and quality of milk increases. However, if there is too much of it, it can cause diarrhea, so you need to monitor how the rabbits react to it and in case of problems, immediately remove the product from the diet.
Sugar and fodder beets are fed, mixed with other vegetable feed: fresh and boiled vegetables, grass, kitchen waste, grain, loaf, mixed fodder. For rabbits up to 2 months of age, it is better to boil them, knead and introduce them into the mash. Later, when the kids grow up, vegetables can be fed raw. But before distribution they are prepared: they are washed if they are too dirty, the damaged areas are cut out, and then cut into small pieces so that it is more convenient for the animals to eat.
No more than 0.3 kg of root crops (in any form) per head are given per day. For pregnant females, the rate can be increased to 0.4 kg per day, but divide this volume into 2-3 parts in even portions. If before that the animal has not received beets, then it must first be given in small portions or abandoned altogether. Females can be fed the tops of the suckle, but dried and mixed with other herbs.
Feeding rabbits with fodder beets begins from 1 month of their life, starting from 25 g per animal per day. From 2 months they give 100 g per day, from 3 months. 150 g. It is boiled, mixed with potatoes or with herbs and the mass is divided by 2-3 times. Root crops of this variety are ensiled and fed to pets in winter.
Owners of crawler farms, who are also engaged in gardening, are interested in whether it is possible to feed rabbits with beets, because this culture is unpretentious, gives a good harvest, it is tasty and healthy. At the same time, there is an opinion that this root vegetable can harm the health of eared pets. It is important to figure out which beets should be introduced into the diet of rabbits, and which should not, how to properly feed the animals with this crop.
What are the benefits of beet tops
Beet tops are considered an excellent source of cellulose. And fiber is of great importance for the digestive system of rabbits. coarse fibers ensure trouble-free movement of food through the intestines.
In addition to fiber, the tops contain other useful components:
- leaves contain an increased level of amino acids. arginine, lysine, valine, histidine and others;
- organic acids;
- vitamins C, P, PP and group B;
- various mineral elements.
Note! Beet leaves are allowed to be added to the rabbit menu, but in small, limited quantities.
Can rabbits be given beets?
Rabbit nutrition is the most important prerequisite to think about. Many novice rabbit breeders do not know what exactly is required to feed these animals. Preference should be given to plant foods. vegetables, herbs, hay. It is these components that contain a high level of useful components that are required for full development.
Many experienced rabbit breeders recommend introducing these long-eared beets into the diet. Due to the presence of a large number of nutrients, this root vegetable has a positive effect on the organs of the digestive system. But is it possible to give rabbits beet tops and the vegetable itself? Still, it is worth studying all the important features of the root crop, and only then include it in the menu.
It is important to be able to properly feed your rabbits with beets to benefit from the beetroot. For this reason, it is worth paying attention to the following recommendations:
- sugar or fodder beets can be fed raw or boiled;
- if the pets have not been fed a root crop before, then it is better to boil it and gradually include this vegetable in its raw form in the diet;
- together with root vegetables, beet tops are also given, but it must be prepared. All limp and rotten leaves should be removed. It is advisable to pour over the greens with hot water and cut into medium pieces;
- fresh tops, it is recommended to include rabbits in the menu together with other food. with branches, herbs.
Before giving freshly harvested root vegetables, they must be well dried. Drying is recommended in the fresh air. But it is better to make a canopy that protects vegetables from negative influences. If the weather is rainy, then vegetables should be stored in the basement.
Can rabbits be given beets with spoiled spots? Experienced rabbit breeders do not recommend giving rotten vegetables. It is best to process them, namely rinse thoroughly, cut off all affected areas. It is advisable to give these roots immediately, otherwise they will completely rot and become unsuitable for feeding animals.
Important! If you are a novice rabbit breeder, then pay attention to one important condition. it is best to give the rabbits fodder or sugar beets. With the regular use of these vegetables in animals, the skin will become more beautiful and stronger, and the taste of the meat will also improve. This is achieved due to the content in root crops of an increased level of mineral components.
Rabbits eat beets well with silage. In order to prepare this food, there are some tips to follow:
- use a large barrel for cooking;
- it is recommended to place finely chopped large-leaved greens at the bottom of the barrel, which are difficult to dry out (greens of legumes would be an excellent option);
- then you can put vegetable waste. potatoes, carrots, vegetable skins;
- after that, beets are laid out;
- the barrel is covered with tree sawdust without resin and at the end is covered with clay.
There is another option for preparing silage. by the fermentation method. To do this, put finely chopped greens, root vegetables in a large container and cover everything with salt. Next, a press is installed on top and leaves for several days.
Silage made using these two methods makes a great addition to the rabbit menu. Animals will eat it with great pleasure, but at the same time this compound feed will strengthen health and increase the immunity of animals. This food can be made for the winter.
Also find out if rabbits can be fed:
Which beets should you choose
When breeding eared ears, many often have a question. can rabbits be given red beets? Will it have a detrimental effect on them? Before answering this question, it is still worth paying attention to the types of root crops that are grown in Russia. And there are only three of them:
- stern. This variety gives high yields. 900-1000 centners per 1 hectare. Fodder beets can be grown for agriculture. It is suitable for feeding rabbits and other animals. This variety is considered the most useful and nutritious for eared pets;
- sugar. This variety is considered healthy, so it is great for rabbits. This is due to the fact that it contains a little fiber and a high level of sugars, for this reason, it is well absorbed. Even experienced breeders recommend feeding rabbits with sugar beet, because it contains many nutrients. vitamins B and C, iron, betaine, pectin, as well as elements that strengthen the cardiovascular system;
- dining room. These are the red beets that we are all used to eating. Veterinarians advise against feeding rabbits with red beets because they have a negative effect on the digestive system. The fact is that the composition of the root vegetable contains a high level of fiber and organic acids, which have a detrimental effect on the condition of the stomach and intestines. And when overeating, the death of the animal may even occur.
Rules for feeding rabbits with beets
In what form you can give beets, you already know, but this is not enough. It is imperative to know how much this root crop can be given, and in what form. The following rules will help you figure it out:
- You can include beets in the diet of rabbits, starting from 1 month. During this period, you should start with 25 grams and gradually bring up to 50 grams;
- Raw beets can have a negative effect on the stomach, so they should be boiled;
- Colic does not always like beets, and in order for them to eat it willingly, it can be mixed with other feeds;
- After about a week, you can already give the root crop raw or dried, it can also be mixed with silage;
- After the animals are two months old, 100 grams of beets can be given a day, but this amount must be divided by half;
- At 3-4 months, you can add 150 grams of beets to the menu;
- After 4 months, the amount of beets increases to 250 grams.
It is worth noting! If rabbits are accustomed to beets from early childhood, then in adulthood they will be able to safely eat from 300 to 500 grams of this root crop. At the same time, they will not feel discomfort in the organs of the digestive system.
Features of feeding rabbits on drift
Feeding rabbits that are on demolition should be given special attention. During this period, individuals should receive the necessary vitamins and substances to maintain the immune system. It is advisable to include in the menu as much juicy food as possible, because it contains many useful components.
Recommendations for feeding pregnant rabbits:
- pregnant individuals can be given beets, but on condition that she has eaten this root crop since childhood;
- per day, females on drifts are recommended to give 450 grams of beets to the main feed;
- beets are given to rabbits three times a day, 100-150 grams;
- you can give a little beet tops, but it must first be dried. Quantity requirements are the same as for beets;
- in lactating rabbits, eating this vegetable increases milk production;
- if the animal did not eat beets before pregnancy, then this vegetable should not be given to it, otherwise it can greatly harm health.
If you follow all the necessary recommendations, then the beets will not have a negative impact on animal health. The main thing is to adhere to the recommended proportions. This root vegetable should be introduced gradually so that the pets have time to get used to it. For rabbits, it is best to use fodder and sugar varieties of this vegetable, it is these varieties that are most useful for their body.
Features of feeding with tops
The top green part of the beet is used as a useful supplement to the main feed. It has a high energy value. Substances in its composition are fully assimilated.
Beets and their tops in the diet of rabbits
A well-chosen diet forms the basis of productive keeping of pets. To replenish the supply of vitamins and diversify the food, you can give the rabbits sugar beets or fodder. The frequency of supply of the product allows you to increase their immunity, improve the quality of meat and wool before slaughter.
The benefits of beets
Most of the products of plant origin fully provide nutrients.
Beets for rabbits are a special part of the food, the action of which depends on the variety.
- The dining room is burgundy and has a sweet taste. Some farmers consider it dangerous for the health of rodents due to the large amount of fiber and acids in the composition. Others are sure that the reactions of pets from the gastrointestinal tract and even mortality are associated with non-compliance with the dosage of the product. You can feed rabbits with red beetroot, but together with astringent components. branches of oak, alder, yarrow, comfrey, etc.
- Sugar. it is very useful. It is easily digestible, contains a lot of glucose, a sufficient amount of fiber. With regular use, it improves the condition of the coat, gives a special taste to meat. Especially useful during gestation and lactation.
- Fodder feed is included in the diet of all farm animals. It is rich in fiber and protein to help you gain weight quickly. The substances in their composition strengthen the immune system against infectious ailments. For a small farm, up to 20 heads, there is enough harvest from 2 acres of a vegetable garden.
When feeding rabbits with beets, the whole feed is allowed. you can give both the underground part and green tops.
Beets contain a complex of essential substances, including vitamins C, B, PP, P, amino and organic acids, carotenoids, mineral compounds of iron, iodine, copper, potassium, phosphorus, etc., carbohydrates, proteins.
And fiber helps the gastrointestinal tract, cleanses it, removes the remnants of undigested food from the body.
Leafy Greens for Rabbits (and what NOT to give them)
Introduction of tops into the diet
The tops of beetroot varieties do not give fresh and wet.
Before using the tops, it should be dried: excessively juicy green tops can lead to diarrhea and flatulence.
They can cause upset stomach, bloating, and diarrhea. In order for such food to be better absorbed by pets, it is introduced gradually. Before this, the mass is dried and dried in the sun.
You can give rabbits any kind of beet tops. The main requirement is cleanliness. you need to sort it out, remove moldy or rotten sheets, remove insects.
From the first month of life, the rabbits are offered the dried top, crumbled and added to the mash. Gradually the amount of tops is increased, combined with vegetable feed or hay.
Rules for serving root crops
You can offer beets to rabbits in mash with mixed feed and other plants. It contains a lot of water, because part of the roots are used to quench thirst. Root feeding is also often to their taste.
Beets for pregnant and lactating females
It is useful to feed rabbits with sugar beets during lactation because:
- increases the amount and nutritional value of milk;
- provides strong immunity;
- delivers all the necessary vitamins and minerals to restore the body.
Please note! During the period of gestation and lactation, rabbits are sensitive to changes in nutrition: at this time, one should not experiment if the female is not accustomed to any product from a young age. The same goes for males who are allowed into breeding at the peak of their sexual activity.
You can give rabbits boiled red beets, but twice a week if they are familiar with the product.
Pregnant females require a large amount of nutrients, so the amount of food should be at least 400 g.
Beetroot should be added carefully. babies on protein supplements grow quickly, which can cause problems in labor.
Introduction to the diet
It is worth introducing the product into the diet of rabbits gradually, when the rabbits begin to replenish their energy reserves on their own.
You can give rabbits red beets from 1 month. It should be added to the ready-made mash in the amount of 25 g.
It should be borne in mind that a boiled root vegetable acts on the gastrointestinal tract in a more gentle way. If problems are observed in the form of bloating or loss of appetite, the product is excluded.
You can give rabbits red beets, sugar or fodder beets, if you add them to food in this order:
- allocate to monthly babies up to 25 g of boiled product, mixing it with compound feed;
- until the second month of life, the amount of beets is increased to 50 g, dividing into 2 doses;
- from the age of 60 days, it is allowed to give 100 g of a vegetable twice a day, boiled and raw;
- at 3-4 months old babies eat 150 g of beets in 2-3 doses;
- after 120 days of life, the livestock is fed 250 g of root crops, gradually increasing until the end of the first year to 300-500 g.
If fodder beets are cooked, they should be fed shortly after cooking. As it cools (more than 5 hours), toxic substances (nitrogenous compounds) begin to accumulate in the root crop. That is, boiled fodder beets cannot be stored and then given to animals.
Beet tops in the diet of rabbits: cheap help or taboo?
Rabbit breeders always try to organize the food of their pets in such a way as to utilize household waste as much as possible.
From an economic point of view, if you have a personal plot, the best option would be to offer the rabbits vegetables, fruits and weeds from your own land, especially since there is always confidence in their environmental friendliness.
But today we will talk about beet tops: the days of botvinya on the master’s table are long gone, and this product is often sent to compost. But is it possible to give rabbits red beets?
The introduction of beet tops in the diet and feeding methods
All information that the livestock got sick or died from eating beets is based largely on the fact that rabbit breeders did not prepare their pets for this type of food. Nevertheless, even red beets will not harm if introduced into the diet gradually and fed subsequently in moderation.
You can accustom rabbits to beets as soon as they reach the age of two months. Leaves should be sorted out and rotten or spoiled specimens removed. Before using the tops, it must be dried: an excessively juicy green mass, combined with the laxative effect of beets, can lead to diarrhea and flatulence.
As with any new product, the tops should be introduced into the diet gradually and in combination with the food familiar to rabbits, and not just completely replacing one of the feedings with it. For the first acquaintance with the root crop, pets should be offered dried tops at the rate of no more than 25 g per individual.
It is recommended to first grind the leaves and mix the green mass into the compound feed, and only after getting used to offer it as a separate product.
Within a month, you can gradually increase the weight of the fed beet tops from 25 to 100 g for each rabbit, the next month, increase the rate to 150 g, and for four months. set up to 300 g of beets per day. It should be remembered that this amount is not issued once, but should be divided into several receptions.
When introducing beet tops into the diet of pregnant rabbits, special care is required. It is better not to offer the beet product to the female if she was unfamiliar with it before. You can add tops in her diet in small doses, if before pregnancy the rabbit fed on boiled beet roots as part of combined feed.
When using beet tops in the diet of rabbits, it is recommended to balance its laxative effect by including astringent components in the diet: oak or alder branches, herbs and inflorescences of yarrow or comfrey.
Beetroot complementary foods: the pros
Beet tops are, above all, an excellent source of cellulose. Fiber plays a leading role in the diet of rabbits, since the process of their digestion is based on it: coarse fibers ensure the movement of the food coma through the intestines. In addition to dietary fiber, the aerial portion of beets contains:
- carbohydrates. 6%;
- proteins. 1.2%;
- a number of useful amino acids (arginine, lysine, valine, histidine and others);
- organic acids;
- significant reserves of carotenoids;
- vitamins C, P, PP and group B;
- mineral elements: iron, potassium, phosphorus, sulfur, magnesium, iodine, copper, cobalt and others.
You can often hear the opinion that it is categorically contraindicated to give beets to rabbits, and tales of diseases and even death of the livestock from this root crop go from mouth to mouth. over, the taboo applies both to the roots and tops.
The harm of red beets is mainly expressed in its laxative effect. A less significant side effect is a negative effect on the kidneys of the animal, since the product is capable of forming insoluble oxalic acid compounds. However, with a limited lifespan of meat rabbits, this nuance can be neglected.
“Everything is poison, everything is medicine; both determine the dose, ”said Paracelsus, and these words can be applied to table beets for a rabbit. On the one hand, excessive consumption of root vegetables can lead to the death of animals due to bloating and digestive disorders, and on the other hand, regular dosed use of beet tops promotes healthy digestion of the rabbit and provides an antiseptic effect in the intestines.
It has been proven that beets, both roots and leaves, increase the resistance of rabbits to coccidiosis, an intestinal disease caused by the introduction of unicellular parasites of coccidia into the epithelium.
You should also be aware of the fact that beets and beets are different. There are four types of it:
- dining room. everyone’s familiar burgundy vegetable;
- sugar. a white root vegetable used for the industrial production of sugar;
- fodder. yellow large root crop;
- leafy, also called Swiss chard salad, without a thickened root.
Sugar and fodder beets are practically devoid of the disadvantages of a canteen. The gastrointestinal tract of rabbits is more tolerant of their tops. At the same time, there are differences between the two types of beets: the fodder tops accumulate less sugars, but significantly exceed the sugar content in protein content (a ton of fodder beet tops contains on average 21 kg of digestible protein, and sugar. only 9 kg).
This suggests that the first raw material is optimal for increasing the nutritional value of the diet, for example, during periods of illness or during pregnancy, and the second is for active muscle building.
However, only those who are involved in its industrial cultivation or processing facilities have sugar beet waste, and fodder will have to be grown on purpose. Red beet, as a rule, grows in any farm, and this provides its economic value.
Harvesting beet tops for future use
Despite the obvious benefits of beet tops and their availability in many private farms, this vegetable feed is still often composted.
The reason for this is trivial: in the fall, when the beet is harvested, a lot of other plant waste appears at the disposal. cabbage leaves torn off for the formation of heads of cabbage, small potatoes, overgrown rarefishes, apples, weeds, shoots remaining after seasonal pruning of vineyards and orchards. All this immediately becomes complete food for rabbits. However, it makes sense not to abandon the use of tops at all, but to stock up on it during this period for future use.
Dried tops do not have a pronounced laxative effect, and animals do not so much need to get used to such a feed additive. Nevertheless, most of the nutrients in it are preserved during drying, and in winter it will be an excellent means of fortifying the diet.
The process of harvesting beet tops is not complicated. The selected leaves are collected in small ventilated bunches, tied and hung in attics or in shady places protected from precipitation.
It is better to cut the rosette from the root crop entirely, without disassembling it into leaves. it is more convenient to tie and store the tops. Drying in bulk, like grass from a mow, is not recommended: beet tops are more juicy and can easily become moldy, and even minimal foci of mold are destructive for rabbits.
After drying, the bundles are also not recommended to be disassembled: by hanging ready-made “brooms” in the cages of rabbits in winter, you can protect the tops from trampling by animals, and it will be consumed in full. Store dried tops in a dry place, not packed in an airtight container. The optimal would be the use of plastic trellis boxes for vegetables, which are easy to connect in a rack to optimize space. This storage method allows you to keep the tops intact and not let them rot.
The use of beet tops in the diet of rabbits, of course, is associated with certain difficulties associated with the need to accustom the livestock to it. TO
he shakes his head: while the rabbits get used to the new food, they will already reach technical maturity. the game is not worth the candle.
However, among rabbit breeders, many and not so early maturing breeds are popular, and besides, one should not forget about breeding rabbits, which live much longer than their fellow tribesmen. Therefore, it is worth recognizing that, nevertheless, beet tops can become a tangible help in feeding livestock, improving the qualitative composition of the diet and its vitamin value.
Harvesting root crops
After harvesting, the roots must be well dried. To do this, the crop is laid out on a net or on a tarp in the open air, preferably under a canopy. If the weather is rainy, you need to lower them into the basement. The air temperature in the basement should not be lower than 10-15 ° С. Before storing, it is better to sort out the roots and select the spoiled ones. They can be fed first, after washing and cutting out the damaged areas. Those eared, in the diet of which beets are regularly found, have tasty, healthy and soft meat.
Beets in the diet of pets
Many farmers are attracted to beets not only as a vegetable for their table, but also as a fodder crop. It grows well in sunny areas and bears crops even without much maintenance. The production of such food is simple and cheap at the same time, so the question arises whether it can be fed to rabbits. Other animals of the backyard gladly eat both tops and root crops. But rabbits are known for their selectivity and whimsical food, therefore, it is not recommended to give them any product without preliminary preparation.
The fodder beet is most attractive for breeders because it gives a very good yield even in small areas. For example, 1.5-2 tons of root crops can be obtained from a plot of 150 sq. m. of land. This is enough to provide not only a large population of eared, but also other livestock. As a rule, the fodder variety is used for the animals that have been sent for fattening.
How to properly enter into the diet?
It is recommended to start giving this vegetable after the pets are one month old. At this age, a single dose should not exceed 25 grams. In total, it is included in the menu twice a day, for a total daily dose of 50 g. Some breeders recommend starting with boiled beets, and only after the pet adapts, introduce fresh ones. The fact is that the root vegetable contains a lot of fiber, which is difficult for the digestion of the eared.
There is much less fiber when cooked. But you can start with raw, because the rabbit is a herbivore, and its intestines are designed to digest plant foods with high fiber. Raw or boiled is not so important, the main thing is that the root vegetable is clean and whole. If there is dirt on it, it must be washed and dried thoroughly. All rotten and eaten places must be cut out, make sure that there are no insects and worms inside the root crop.
Not all eared people will happily devour this root crop. Therefore, starting the complementary feeding, it is necessary to mix the juicy vegetable with the compound feed and only when the animal gets used to it, pour it separately.
Starting from 2 months, if the first samples went well, you can already give 100 g per day, also dividing them into two doses. From 3 months, the dosage is increased to 75 g at a time (150 g per day), then at 4 months. 100 g per dose. It is not recommended to give adult rabbits more than 150 g at one time, and no more than 300 g per day. The diet of a pregnant and nursing female deserves special attention. Her menu should have more juicy feed and root crops, so beets will come in handy here.
But you should not risk the health of a pregnant rabbit and introduce this root crop during gestation. You can only give her beets if she received them earlier from the age of one month. If everything is fine, the rabbit is ready for such food, it is not only possible, but also necessary to give 150-450 g per day, since beets help increase lactation. Males are also not prohibited from giving this root crop, but in quantities not exceeding the norm. If the parents of the rabbits used this root vegetable, then the kids will easily adapt to it.
The same rules apply to tops. It is worth giving it a little bit only clean, without damage and insects, and besides, a little withered. Otherwise, too much load falls on the gastrointestinal tract of the eared one, disorders begin, gas formation.
CAN BUNNIES EAT BEETROOT LEAVES? // FAISAL ZULFIQAR
Feeding beets to rabbits: a good idea or not?
Many breeders of rabbits grow beets on their backyard, which, at times, really want to pamper their pets. Beetroot is unpretentious, grows well and brings a rich harvest without much hassle. Sometimes it is impossible to grow carrots or other vegetables, and the yield of this vegetable is huge. How not to pamper her with her eared ?! But the question arises: can rabbits be given red beets? Let’s try to figure it out further.
This variety is most useful for eared pets. It is better absorbed, has less fiber, and is well suited for feeding in any form. It is dried, ensiled, and given fresh. The most useful mixture of silage is considered to be one that includes root vegetables and beet tops, potatoes and legumes.
The tops of this variety are also a valuable feed. If the weather permits, it can be laid out on a net and given in a dried form until it dries completely. In addition, the tops have antiseptic properties.
Root crops are the most valuable part of this feed. They contain:
- 25% sugars, proteins and fats;
- 75% water;
- B vitamins;
- iron and vitamin C, which together stimulate the production of hemoglobin;
- valuable minerals;
- pectin, betaine, bioflavonoids.
Thanks to such a rich composition in the body of rabbits, the work of the cardiovascular system is normalized, blood vessels are strengthened, and the normal functioning of the gastrointestinal tract is maintained. In addition, sugar beet helps the eared to increase immunity, activate their own defense mechanisms. It can be considered a good prevention even against coccidiosis.
Learning to feed the eared
In our country, three varieties of beets are most common: table, fodder and sugar. It should be noted right away that table beets are not intended for feeding eared ones. Even if you have a few bags of it left after the winter, and it is a pity to throw it away, you should not experiment on animals. After it, they can really die. Remember that red borsch beet is harmful to your pet’s gastrointestinal tract.!