home Aquarium Can sea stones be put in an aquarium

Can sea stones be put in an aquarium

How to select and process stones for your aquarium

Before buying or searching, the characteristics of natural breeds are compared with the living conditions of underwater pets. Artificial stones are selected according to the shape of the product.

Dusting soil for planting Size 5-15 mm
Design, creation of natural conditions for survival Less than 15 cm in height, not heavy, with a wide base
To increase water hardness White sandstone, tuff (some types), shale, fossils, shell rock, limestone, dolomite and marble
To reduce the acidity of water White sandstone, limestone, calcareous tuff
For decoration or survival (does not affect water quality) Solidified lava, gray sandstone, gneiss, quartzite, granite, quartz

A Kenyan stone is suitable for aquariums with cichlids. It is a porous light mineral that increases water hardness and alkalinity. Harmful to tropical and other soft water fish.

Containers from 100 liters are often decorated with Hungarian or Carpathian stones.

The minerals are suitable for keeping freshwater or saltwater fish, shrimp, crayfish, turtles. Sea stones are used in aquariums with pets and plants living in salt water.

Features of the preparation of natural minerals:

  • Natural stones are soaked in boiling water for an hour (water is changed 3-5 times).
  • Samples should be rinsed immediately with a brush. Cannot be used if suspension continues to separate, small particles.
  • Minerals are dried.
  • Acid drips onto the surface. Cannot be used if there is foam, bubbles, odor or stains.
  • Minerals are re-washed under a tap with a brush, dried.
  • Samples are calcined in the oven or boiled.
  • Cool the minerals before placing them in the aquarium.

See an overview of which stones are suitable for fish and where to get them:

What stones can be put in the aquarium and what is better to choose: types, preparation, problems

Aquarium stones play an aesthetic role, change the composition of the water, and help to enrich it with oxygen. But there are minerals that are dangerous to underwater residents. Incorrectly prepared stones can harm pets.

stones, aquarium

We make stones for the aquarium with our own hands

Underwater compositions are made from pebbles, expanded clay, and other non-toxic materials. Elements are connected with glue for aquariums.

It is allowed to use cement mortar (3 parts) with sand (1 part). The finished products are dried under polyethylene. Then they are soaked for a week to eliminate alkali. The water is changed daily.

The paper is crumpled to create the hollow structures. Layer-by-layer flat samples are laid around it with gluing of each mineral. Shelters must be made with 2-3 entrances.

We recommend that you see how to make a craft from stones yourself:

What stones cannot be used in aquaristics

For soft water pets, stones that increase water hardness are harmful. Marine or ocean specimens and pebbles are not suitable for freshwater inhabitants.

  • with a background radiation above the norm;
  • did not pass the acid test;
  • unstable;
  • with holes and slits in the size of a fry or an adult;
  • with sharp edges;
  • water pollutants in suspension;
  • increasing the hardness or alkalinity of the medium.

Cinnabar, other minerals with mercury inclusions are prohibited. Auripigment, realgar, and other arsenic-containing breeds are not used. Underwater pets can injure themselves on the edges of slate, obsidian. Slag species are undesirable in water.

Do not use minerals with an unpleasant odor, bright spots. Dangerous mineral rocks taken near mines, railways, construction sites, in the fields.

Potential Problems and Use of Cleaning Products

In an aquarium, stones can become covered in mucus. Plaque is warned by timely water change, filter cleaning, proper operation of the aerator, lighting correction.

Black plaque forms in areas hidden by the eye due to brown or diatoms. Destroyed by washing, boiling or sharing pets that will eat the layer.

Green bloom is formed due to an excess of falling food, intense lighting or a lack of light. Destroyed by disinfection of the aquarium and minerals.

Safe placement of stones will prevent damage to the container. The weight of the minerals is evenly distributed over the bottom. Space is left between the wall and the boulder. Stones are selected with a stable base. The aquarium must be placed on a pallet.

What are stones in an aquarium for and where to get them

Many species of aquarium animals require a wide variety of conditions to survive. For some underwater residents, minerals do not play any role. they are just an element of decor. The rest of the pets need a rocky design of the reservoir.

What are minerals used for in aquariums:

  • saturate water with microelements;
  • change the hardness of the water;
  • create natural conditions for reproduction and growth;
  • change the acidity of the water;
  • help to hide fry from older predatory relatives;
  • create living conditions for underwater plants.

Aerator (fine-pored) stones are also distinguished.

They are connected to the hollow tube and the compressor. Mineral aerator for aquarium breaks the air flow into small oxygen bubbles.

  • natural. fossils or sedimentary, volcanic, hydrothermal rocks;
  • artificial. imitations are made of glass, ceramics, non-toxic plastic;
  • grottoes and other compositions from natural minerals. they are glued and painted not always with high-quality materials.

Additionally, see how to design an aquarium yourself:

Live stones in the aquarium

Living rocks include corals with algae, microorganisms and animals that survived after collecting on the reef. Suitable for marine aquariums.

  • have shelter spaces for fry;
  • filter the water;
  • are an additional source of nutrition, trace elements;
  • inhabited by beneficial microorganisms (bacteria, plankton, crustaceans, the like);
  • increase the survival and immunity of marine pets;
  • oxidize nitrogen excretion of aquarium animals;
  • support the marine ecosystem of the reservoir;
  • destroy pathogenic bacteria.

The disadvantages of corals include the risk of dangerous animals populating aquariums. These are carnivorous crabs, mantis shrimps, fire polychaete worms.

The danger is represented by samples from containers with sick fish or non-compliance with the conditions of transportation, quarantine. They disrupt the ecosystem, poison the water, infect pets.

  • take samples from well-groomed commercial reservoirs;
  • take corals with a bright color (faded. not viable);
  • quality specimens are covered with cortical crimson, there are invertebrates;
  • Samples should occupy less than 50% of the home aquarium volume;
  • branchy fishnet corals are suitable for small inhabitants.

They are quarantining at home. Live corals are placed in a separate container with aquarium water. Large mantis shrimp are caught with traps. The crabs are planted, the nutritional habits are checked. Carnivores are destroyed, and vegetarians are returned to coral.

How to choose?

The basic principles for the selection of rocks and minerals have already been described above, therefore it remains to consider those aspects that have not yet been touched upon by our attention. The choice of stones is a difficult task and from the above, we understood which ones can and cannot be chosen, but did not figure out exactly how to do it.

Even choosing beautiful stones that fit the above requests in all respects, you will not be able to adequately design a pond the first time. Experienced aquarists advise first to clearly imagine in your head what end result you would like to get, and only then start collecting or purchasing material.

A feverish selection of everything interesting that lies on the road will not help create an attractive design. it will turn out brightly, but at random and tasteless.

If you are collecting minerals yourself, never rely on the samples that are best for you. Practice shows that more stones are always needed than it seemed at first. some simply do not fit in shape and do not “fall into place”, and therefore need to be replaced with smaller ones.

Agree, it will not work very well if you brought natural “decorations” from distant seas and you simply have nothing to replace an unsuitable specimen, and without it the whole concept of the composition is destroyed. For this reason, the stones are divided into “suitable” and “unsuitable” already directly above the aquarium.

What are we for?

Stones for an aquarium are perceived only by beginners purely as an aesthetic decoration, in fact, their functionality is much wider and that is why you cannot choose any minerals for your home reservoir. In addition to the banal beauty, such aquarium decorations are also needed to achieve the following goals:

  • imitation of a natural habitat. a simple vessel for fish will be as comfortable as an unfurnished apartment for you, and pets will take root much better if the interior of the aquarium resembles the places in which they live in the wild;
  • you can hide in the stones. even if you are sure that your beloved fish does not have any enemies in the aquarium, this will not help her to abandon her instincts, and not being able to hide, she will be nervous;
  • pebbles can be used to equip a nest. another instinct makes the fish hide their clutch in order to be sure that predators will not get to it, it will not be carried away by the current, and so on;
  • depending on their chemical composition, natural stones can also affect the level of hardness of the aquarium water.
READ  How often to clean the filter in the aquarium

There are also natural stones on sale that have already been processed. they are disinfected, possibly tinted or even collected into integral compositions.

Harmful breeds

Geologists could focus on professional rock names, but for a beginner it is usually just a bunch of obscure names and nothing more. We will briefly describe which add-ons are not suitable for placement in the aquarium and why.

  • The stones found near mines for the extraction of any ore are not suitable. Even a small admixture of such minerals can be harmful to pets.
  • Radiation and pesticides are also detrimental to the health of the aquarium dwellers. You are unlikely to go to the zone of radiation pollution, but you should not collect material in the vicinity of the fields either.
  • Any strong odor indicates that the stone is emitting volatiles. Without understanding, you cannot be sure that this is good for fish.
  • The copy must not include obvious metal streaks or rust. Metals are generally undesirable for fish, especially when it comes to iron and heavy metals. For the same reason, you should never use chunks of ore, because you will face the extinction of pets, which is difficult to explain otherwise.
  • The bright color of the stone usually indicates that it contains some relatively rare chemical elements. Again, don’t experiment without knowing how it will affect the ecosystem.
  • Soft and easily crumbling pebbles are likely to be of calcareous origin. Such a mineral has a large amount of calcium and dissolves easily, and therefore will inevitably lead to a bias in the acidity and hardness of the aquarium moisture. The only exception to the rule is lime tuff, which is acceptable in those aquariums where alkaline water is used.
  • Large pebbles are discouraged, especially if their surface is not uniform and smooth. these are ideal circumstances for the fish to get hurt or even get stuck. For the same reason, it is undesirable to use too large and heavy cobblestones.

How to prepare?

Shop stones attract many novice aquarists because they do not need to invent anything with them. they are initially selected so as not to harm the fish, they are probably already processed and can be used immediately. In addition, they often have already made up nice creative compositions, thanks to which your aquarium may not be original, but it will definitely turn out to be beautiful.

However, there is a category of people who do not understand how you can pay for what is literally lying under your feet. As we already understood, self-collecting stones is not prohibited, but you cannot just collect boulders on the street and lower them into the water. this you risk bringing into the ecosystem many different infections, which will then be very difficult to get rid of.

To prevent this from happening, you need to know how to properly process the collected material. Let us remind you, just in case, that only certain types of minerals are suitable for immersion; a preliminary test with a drop of vinegar is also desirable. But even if the specimen has passed this selection, it is still not ready.

Before moving to the aquarium, it must go through the following procedures.

  • The washing up. It is carried out only under running water of good pressure, capable of effectively washing away dirt and even harmful microorganisms. Do not overdo it. only water is used for washing, but soap and detergents are unacceptable, since you cannot know what chemical reactions will provoke their interaction with the breed.
  • Cleaning. Even a powerful jet of water does not completely remove all the dirt, therefore the aquarist-decorator should arm himself with a brush and thoroughly walk over the entire surface, including cracks. Not only dirt, but also any plaque, remnants of lichens and mosses, and even more insects. all this must be removed.
  • Boiling. This is where opinions differ. some say that you need to boil over low heat for 3 hours, for others 20 minutes or even roasting in the oven for the same time is enough. Another alternative is distinguished in the form of drying in the fresh air for 14-15 days, but this method raises certain doubts.
  • Cooling down. If you still prefer any kind of heat treatment as faster and more effective, do not rush to throw the red-hot mineral into the water. It is advisable to bring it to such a temperature, which is typical for the water in the aquarium, so as not to cause a sharp temperature drop in the ecosystem.

What stones can you use?

When choosing natural stones, it should be understood that not all minerals are suitable for such a purpose. By the way, it is not even desirable to collect material everywhere. sea stones are not in great demand among experienced aquarists, they prefer to collect granite fragments in the vicinity of stone quarries, the raw materials of which are then sent to construction sites or for sculptural needs. Naturally, even here, not absolutely everything is suitable for adding to the aquarium.

To make sure that the new decoration does not change the chemical composition of the water, it is enough to drop a drop of vinegar on the pebble. the reaction that has begun shows that potentially excess substances will be released into the water. True, this would only be useful for the same cichlids, but a beginner still should not experiment with this.

Experienced aquarists advise junior colleagues to give preference to quartz. it is easily identified by its characteristic streaks or crystals of a whitish and transparent structure. In addition, for the sake of aesthetics of the aquarium and the safety of its inhabitants, it is advised to pay special attention to ensuring that the stones are of the same breed, have similar sizes and textures, and also do not have sharp edges that can cause injury.

For those who are not chasing a unique design and just want a piece of the sea, pebbles and shell rock are, of course, a common choice.

Aquarium stones: types, selection and application

Design options

Even the most diligent beginner hardly knows how to decorate an aquarium with his own hands so that the design comes out beautiful, unobtrusive and stylistically correct. It is not necessary to come up with unique compositions from scratch. you can make decoration in one of the styles popular nowadays, using vivid examples of ready-made aquariums.

  • The Dutch style is a full-fledged flower bed with plants, only located under water. There are always a lot of green spaces in such an aquarium, but they are strictly sorted by height, color and size, do not climb into “someone else’s” territory and completely occupy “their own”. In this case, it is worth putting pebbles and shell rock as an imitation of paths between flower beds.
  • The Japanese style also imitates terrestrial landscapes, but of a completely different kind. Here, stones are not used as a substrate, but as ivagumi, a typical composition of Japanese rock gardens.

Excessive decorations are inappropriate here, minimalism in design is welcomed, however, the cobblestones themselves are selected in different sizes in order to achieve picturesque and aesthetic appeal.

  • A pseudo-natural style is the thing for everyone who is not ready to spend money on design and fiddle with it too much. This version of the aquarium requires a minimum of effort and money, and therefore looks quite simple, but the same pebbles and shell rock, as well as granite, will be quite appropriate here.
  • Natural style is rightly considered one of the most difficult to reproduce, only the most avid aquarists resort to it, and even then not all. The meaning of this approach is to recreate the design of a certain section of the bottom of the reservoir with maximum (sometimes. literally photographic!) Accuracy. An imitation of a specific body of water, such as Lake Malawi, is often done.

Possible problems

One of the typical problems that occurs after the aquarium has been decorated with stones is trauma to the fish from sharp edges or from getting stuck in gaps between large minerals. Such consequences are especially likely if you breed active animals that like to swim at high speeds.

You should understand that if something like this has already happened once, then in the future the situation will most likely repeat itself. If you value the life and health of your pets, you may have to sacrifice the created design, redoing it towards less injury risk or fundamentally changing it.

Another moment, which often does not cause a proper timely response from beginners, is the appearance of a plaque on the stones, which was not there at the time of the dive. The color of the lesions is usually black, green, or whitish, although in theory it can be almost anything. Its appearance indicates that algae have grown in your artificial reservoir, which in the overwhelming majority of cases are considered weeds and interfere with the normal development of other species.

In general, the presence of algae is not considered critical: most likely, in small quantities they will inevitably be present, but if there is a sharp, burst-like increase in the number of weeds, this indicates serious problems in the organization of the ecosystem.

The reasons for the appearance of plaque include too dirty water, which is due to rare changes or overcrowding of the aquarium, insufficient or excessive illumination, excess or lack of fertilizer, as well as inadequately high temperature. Plaque is removed by cleaning or replacing natural enemies of algae, and so that the situation does not repeat itself, it is necessary to even out the biobalance and create normal conditions under which the weeds will have no chance.

The video below will tell you how to choose stones for an aquarium.

Baikal. good

The water in Lake Baikal is very soft. Therefore, the rock there contains few minerals that increase rigidity.

READ  How to calculate liters in an aquarium by size

Regular, Counselor

In my aquarium, the hardness of the water in comparison with the settled tap water and in another aquarium increases from 10-11 degrees to 14-15. I sin on the Baikal soil “Barguzin”, although I did not conduct a detailed investigation, since such an increase in hardness is not critical for my fish.

Originally posted by Diman
By the way, I have a counter question: Nobody shoved stoloktites into the aquarium. stologmites (deposits in the caves are different) I would like to shove them. beautiful, but I don’t know what the fish will say?

Aquarium Safe? How to test Rocks Tutorial

We make stones for the aquarium with our own hands

Underwater compositions are made from pebbles, expanded clay, and other non-toxic materials. Elements are connected with glue for aquariums.

It is allowed to use cement mortar (3 parts) with sand (1 part). The finished products are dried under polyethylene. Then they are soaked for a week to eliminate alkali. The water is changed daily.

The paper is crumpled to create the hollow structures. Layer-by-layer flat samples are laid around it with gluing of each mineral. Shelters must be made with 2-3 entrances.

We recommend that you see how to make a craft from stones yourself:

Properties

Here are some of the properties of this natural filler:

Application

This soil is used as aquarium filler. Before use, you must first rinse the stones with warm running water to remove clay and sand particles, stirring gently.

Advice! It is not recommended to use disinfectants, they can be poorly washed off or absorbed and get into the aquarium, poisoning the water.

Then, for better disinfection, you can put it to boil for 1-2 hours in an aluminum dish, then cool it in the same water and spread it out in a thin layer to dry, or ignite it in the oven, while not making the temperature too high (otherwise some stones may crack, and uneven edges will damage the fish).

What stones can be put in the aquarium and what is better to choose: types, preparation, problems

Aquarium stones play an aesthetic role, change the composition of the water, and help to enrich it with oxygen. But there are minerals that are dangerous to underwater residents. Incorrectly prepared stones can harm pets.

In and I have the same!

Originally posted by IgorC
And I have from the Mediterranean Sea !

It’s a long story. When it was already decided that we would start an aquarium, we were in Antalya and there, ahead of time, on the beach, they collected small sea pebbles. When it went to the actual launch, was a similar question discussed in the old forum? opinions differed, as always. This puzzled me, check it out experimentally, poured purchased soil and pebbles from the sea into 2 cans. A week later I checked, the hardness of the water increased in the sea. I tried it with acetic acid. it bubbles. In general, all this sea production was rejected and was lying at home somewhere.

Over time, he organized a quarantine otzadnichek, bought a small 15 liter jar, remembered the Mediterranean reserves, and decided to use them. AND EVERYTHING IS NORMAL, the plants are the simplest, but they grow, and the fish feel good too. True, there are few permanent inhabitants there, and they are picky, but even so.

In a 100 liter jar, the bottom has been covered with white marble chips for a year, there are no visible changes in the behavior of fish (neons, scalars, labeo, etc.) and plants.

Potential Problems and Use of Cleaning Products

In an aquarium, stones can become covered in mucus. Plaque is warned by timely water change, filter cleaning, proper operation of the aerator, lighting correction.

Black plaque forms in areas hidden by the eye due to brown or diatoms. Destroyed by washing, boiling or sharing pets that will eat the layer.

Green bloom is formed due to an excess of falling food, intense lighting or a lack of light. Destroyed by disinfection of the aquarium and minerals.

Safe placement of stones will prevent damage to the container. The weight of the minerals is evenly distributed over the bottom. Space is left between the wall and the boulder. Stones are selected with a stable base. The aquarium must be placed on a pallet.

How to select and process stones for your aquarium

Before buying or searching, the characteristics of natural breeds are compared with the living conditions of underwater pets. Artificial stones are selected according to the shape of the product.

Dusting soil for planting Size 5-15 mm
Design, creation of natural conditions for survival Less than 15 cm in height, not heavy, with a wide base
To increase water hardness White sandstone, tuff (some types), shale, fossils, shell rock, limestone, dolomite and marble
To reduce the acidity of water White sandstone, limestone, calcareous tuff
For decoration or survival (does not affect water quality) Solidified lava, gray sandstone, gneiss, quartzite, granite, quartz

A Kenyan stone is suitable for aquariums with cichlids. It is a porous light mineral that increases water hardness and alkalinity. Harmful to tropical and other soft water fish.

Containers from 100 liters are often decorated with Hungarian or Carpathian stones.

The minerals are suitable for keeping freshwater or saltwater fish, shrimp, crayfish, turtles. Sea stones are used in aquariums with pets and plants living in salt water.

Features of the preparation of natural minerals:

  • Natural stones are soaked in boiling water for an hour (water is changed 3-5 times).
  • Samples should be rinsed immediately with a brush. Cannot be used if suspension continues to separate, small particles.
  • Minerals are dried.
  • Acid drips onto the surface. Cannot be used if there is foam, bubbles, odor or stains.
  • Minerals are re-washed under a tap with a brush, dried.
  • Samples are calcined in the oven or boiled.
  • Cool the minerals before placing them in the aquarium.

See an overview of which stones are suitable for fish and where to get them:

What is this type of soil?

Rocks (usually sandstone, granite, marble or gypsum) degrade over time and their fragments are washed away by water. Such pieces of rocks washed in various degrees are pebbles. The diameter of the fragments can be from 1 millimeter to 15 centimeters (for an aquarium, 2 to 6 mm are suitable). Most often, such a filler is beautiful and colorful, which looks especially advantageous if the fish and plants are not bright enough.

Tips for choosing stones for your aquarium

Any aquarist wants his aquarium to look beautiful and interesting, while maintaining its natural environment. Often there is no need to invent something new, but it is enough to add something that is often found in nature. One of these “highlights” for decoration can be aquarium stones. They perfectly complement the interior, and due to their unusual shape make the design unique in its kind. In nature, rocks in the water are a completely natural part of the habitat. Fish spawn in them, and sometimes they just hide from predators.

Let’s first figure out what types of stones for the aquarium are divided into. They can be divided into 2 main groups and have their own subspecies:

  • Artificial
  • Natural (natural) origin
  • Natural origin
  • Processed

Natural stones are most commonly found by experienced aquarists. Careful handling is required before placing them in the aquarium. You can take stones directly from nature. Of course, a big plus is that they are taken directly from the natural environment, thus, they feel great in the aquarium and do not harm the inhabitants.

We make stones for the aquarium with our own hands

Of course, they cannot be assembled from any materials, except that they can be glued together, painted, but this can be toxic to the inhabitants, but it is quite possible to find stones in the aquarium with your own hands.

Quarries where building stone (for example, marble or granite), the sea or river bank are mined, may be a suitable place to choose. Sea stones are in good demand. They can become part of your interior, and due to the fact that they are brought from the sea, they will add a special exoticism.

There are certain rules that are followed when choosing:

  • Choose rocks that are not heavy so that they do not damage the aquarium if they fall. And also keep in mind that the base should be smaller than the top, because you can put them down, and after a while in the water they can fall.
  • Stones affect the water environment, so find out in advance what effect they have on the water, that is, increases its alkaline environment or makes it softer. The water must meet the necessary conditions for the fish living in it.
  • They should not crumble and be crumbled under mechanical stress.
  • There should be no stains or odors on the surface, as they indicate the presence of metal or impurities that cannot be washed off.
  • Check for any sharp corners or protrusions (i.e., flatter and blunt at the edges) so that the fish cannot be injured by them.

It is necessary to choose darker types, since they look the most advantageous as decorations.

On the contrary, it is forbidden to use and put stones found near quarries and mines, collected in places contaminated with pesticides or radiation, and it is also not worth taking ore, since it is metal and dangerous for fish.

One of the most popular types of stones is sandstone. Refers to sedimentary rocks, formed by mixing sand and clay. It is represented by a large species of varieties, but only hard and durable sandstone can be used, since soft and fragile begins to affect the water, which can harm the inhabitants.

They also distinguish the Kenyan stone (often also called Kenya). It also belongs to sedimentary rocks and is one of the most beautiful species. Its shape is uneven, and its structure is porous. In nature, it is formed by mixing limestone, calcite, and sometimes shells. Due to this, it is suitable for water with a high alkaline composition and hardness.

We make stones for the aquarium with our own hands

Underwater compositions are made from pebbles, expanded clay, and other non-toxic materials. Elements are connected with glue for aquariums.

READ  How to wash off green plaque in an aquarium

It is allowed to use cement mortar (3 parts) with sand (1 part). The finished products are dried under polyethylene. Then they are soaked for a week to eliminate alkali. The water is changed daily.

The paper is crumpled to create the hollow structures. Layer-by-layer flat samples are laid around it with gluing of each mineral. Shelters must be made with 2-3 entrances.

We recommend that you see how to make a craft from stones yourself:

Pebbles are a beautiful, economical and convenient filler material. The advantages also include its beneficial properties, especially long shelf life. The disadvantages include alkalization of water and an increase in its hardness.

In any case, such a filler will not bring harm and will please your aquarium inhabitants and aquatic plants. The main thing is not to make mistakes for novice aquarists when choosing a substrate.

Potential Problems and Use of Cleaning Products

In an aquarium, stones can become covered in mucus. Plaque is warned by timely water change, filter cleaning, proper operation of the aerator, lighting correction.

Black plaque forms in areas hidden by the eye due to brown or diatoms. Destroyed by washing, boiling or sharing pets that will eat the layer.

Green bloom is formed due to an excess of falling food, intense lighting or a lack of light. Destroyed by disinfection of the aquarium and minerals.

Safe placement of stones will prevent damage to the container. The weight of the minerals is evenly distributed over the bottom. Space is left between the wall and the boulder. Stones are selected with a stable base. The aquarium must be placed on a pallet.

Properties

Here are some of the properties of this natural filler:

Can sea stones be put in an aquarium

What kind of substrate should you use in your aquarium? Handy, assembled on the banks of a river or sea or purchased? Which one is suitable for a herbal aquarium? For an aquarium, so to speak, an ordinary one that does not pretend to be laurels aquascape or a Dutch aquarium? It can be tempting to go for a budget option, especially when the tank is large enough. Since I live near the Black Sea, the soil is “pedestrian”. Black Sea pebbles from not quite the southern coast of Crimea.

What are pebbles made of? quartz, quartzite, silicon, granite and similar rocks, there are fragments of shells and pieces of marble.

There is a reaction, but the phonite is not the entire soil, but individual pebbles / pieces. And, it turns out, not very clean, this soil washed by the sea and water supply. after stirring, the vinegar became cloudy, and the bubbles still rose from separate “foci”.

For comparison. Hagen soil, very pebble-like.
Also phonite in vinegar. quite a bit, in the photo, no matter how hard I tried, bubbles are practically not visible, rising from individual pebbles. But, of course, when mixing the turbidity does not give and the soil itself is very clean. just rinse a couple of times under water.

Well, there is a reaction of pebbles to vinegar. let’s say, the average reaction, but how will the water parameters change? To understand this, an equal amount of tap and purified water was taken with the following parameters:
Plumbing: Purified water:
gH-10_gH-1
kH-8kH-2
pH-8pH-6
PO4-0.5 mg / l_PO4-0.1 mg / l

Test results after two days:
Tap water: Purified water:
gH-10gH-2
kH-10kH-5
pH-8_pH-8
PO4-0.5 mg / l PO4-0.1 mg / l.

It turns out that the soil had almost no effect on sufficiently hard tap water, and the indicators of purified, soft water changed quite noticeably. Most likely, limestones are not to blame for changing the parameters (these are soft rocks and they are quickly destroyed by the sea, literally grinding into powder), but sea salt absorbed into the pores of the stone, which cannot be washed out by simple “rinsing”. Whether this hypothesis is true or not. I will check later by boiling well and soaking the pebbles in fresh water.

After a week of “soaking” the pebbles, the water indicators are as follows:
Tap water: Purified water:
gH-10gH-2-2.5
kH-10kH-6
pH-8- 8.5_pH-8-8.5
PO4-0.5 mg / l PO4-0.1 mg / l.

The indicators of tap water remained practically unchanged, the pH increased slightly, and the indicators of purified water shifted towards more alkaline and harder water. Phosphate levels unchanged.

After taking measurements, the pebbles were boiled for 1.5 hours with the addition of 2 tablespoons of vinegar to a 3 liter saucepan and placed in flasks with tap and purified water. The “dosage” is a little high. 250 grams of water, 5 tablespoons of soil.
Control measurement of water:
Tap water: Purified water:
gH-10gH-1
kH-8_kH-2
pH-7.5_pH-6.5

Since the soil has no effect on phosphates, I no longer began to test them. The next measurement two days after filling.

Retreat. If the soil hisses in the vinegar, then nothing will help him, but in this case there is one but. Pebbles (not limestones) that make up sea pebbles have pores and cracks (any, even the hardest rocks are still not a solid dense substance without flaws). Salt can build up in pores and cracks. the stones seem to be salted, in this case boiling with vinegar in fresh water can help. Or maybe not. that’s what I want to find out. how true are my assumptions about the “salting” of the soil and can boiling help in this case.

After two days. The test results are, to put it mildly, non-trivial.
Tap water: Purified water:
gH-12! _gH-5 !
kH-11kH-6
pH-8_pH-8.5
For some reason, the overall stiffness has risen quite strongly.
Despite such not very encouraging indicators and for the purity of the experiment, the pebbles were left to get wet for a week, until Friday. I’ll see what happens next.
Test results after a week:
Tap water: Purified water:
gH-12_gH-5
kH-9kH-9
pH-8pH-8

The carbonate hardness has also increased. My thoughts about the more aggressive “behavior” of the pebbles after boiling are as follows: Apparently the addition of vinegar triggered the “decomposing” process of the limestone constituents. Therefore, either during boiling, do not add vinegar at all, or completely etch the soil with acetic acid.

So, the tests are over. And I can say the following: if you have an aquarium without pretensions, with simple plants and fish, and enough hard water flows in the tap (THIS IS IMPORTANT.), Then you can safely use sea pebbles. before placing it in the aquarium, rinse it well in fresh water or boil it, but without adding vinegar. in ordinary fresh water.
If the aquarium is with osmosis water, or soft and acidic water flows from the tap, then sea pebbles. not your option. It will raise the hardness and pH. Although, maybe for someone this is just the effect that is needed.

Navigation

Aquaria 2.RU

dear aquarists! from 1.12.2011 the site aquaria2.ru was turned into a monument. registration is closed on it, the creation of new materials and comments.

the active version of the aquarium site is now available at http://aquaria.ru. all materials and registrations of aquaria2 users created before 11/29/2011, blogs, forum topics, comments have been moved to the new site.

I want to use sea stones in the aquarium

there is a used aquarium, 70 liters.
we want to put sea stones on the bottom (they have already collected them, they are waiting in line)

the question is, how should they be processed? boil? how long? rinse with a brush.

in general, good people enlighten the teapot!

in the aqua, it is planned to later start up gupias, well, or what we have there swimming in small flocks.

guppies love hard water and do not even mind light salting. So, if there are no living plants, then there will be no problems at all. just wash the stones from organic residues, and you can use

And you read everywhere and more, and specific questions here on the forum. But not all questions at once!

then about the stones themselves. taken on the Black Sea coast, so to speak “fresh” quite recently.

and we also thought that we could take some live grass, or all artificial, although I understand that it is green. this microclimate is certain.

but I don’t even know about water, it’s not very hard.
what acid? just vinegar?

but for fish, for example, which we want to have, the cruelty of the water somehow affects?

over, it is sometimes necessary to put a piece of marble in an old aquarium with neutral soil, plants and driftwood to maintain the buffer properties of the water.
Few plants will grow in very hard water and at a pH greater than 7.5.

And if the water is already hard? How much further to dissolve? I was dripping. hissed. So what. the grass liked it. I think, by the way, to lay the aquarium on such soil again.

Calcium from calcium-containing soil will be released if there are acids in the water either in an aged aquarium or during active CO2 purging.

Can. Rinse thoroughly, you can pour over with boiling water. and into the aquarium.
Nothing bad will happen.

And if the water is already hard? How much further to dissolve? I was dripping. hissed. So what. the grass liked it. I think, by the way, to lay the aquarium on such soil again.

HOW TO: Aquarium safe rocks TUTORIAL

Drop acid on them, if it hisses, then they will increase the carbonate hardness of the water and the plants will not like it.

How big are the stones?
I had sea soil, such nice gray stones, flattened, fraction 7-15mm. Grass liked it. crypts, hygrophiles, lobelia, echinodorus. I did not process anything, I washed it with water and that’s it. True, it should be noted that before that they had been in the basement for 10 years (if not more).
PS Guppies don’t swim in flocks, except that a pair of males behind a female.

FUNDAYUNA.COM 2021