home Aquarium Caring for cockerels in the aquarium at home

Caring for cockerels in the aquarium at home

What you need to know about the content?

The cockerel is available at home, it is even possible in a 3-liter jar. For two or more individuals, you will need a larger capacity. Like all fish, tightness is only harmful. Fish will be very comfortable in a rectangular and spacious aquarium. It is not recommended to keep more than one male in the aquarium (except for the black cockerel species). Arguments often arise between them, what to say. even between females of cockerels there were fights. Result. Injury, Broken Fins.

If you have nowhere to house two males, choose a volumetric aquarium of 50-100 liters or more. You can put a partition in it, so the territory will be divided. Also, fish have bursts of aggression when there is a change of water or a female appears.

caring, cockerels, aquarium, home

They are not easy to keep with other types of fish. some do not mind cutting off their beautiful and long fins. The bettas themselves can attack peaceful fish with veil fins. Good aquarium neighbors are zebrafish, speckled catfish, cardinals. Compatibility with barbs is controversial, it is possible if you find a fish with D-shaped, short fins. Males quickly get used to their neighbors, and moving out of one of them can be stressful.

Fish Betta splendens is a tropical species, therefore it is recommended to settle it in aquariums with infused and warm water: water temperature 24-27 о С, ph 6.0-8.0, hardness 5-35 dGH. Once a week, you need to replace 25% of the water with fresh water. Aeration is optional.

They can be kept in a nano aquarium, in glass containers. But think carefully, will the fish be comfortable in cramped conditions? Indeed, in a limited space there is no way to plant plants, install driftwood, decorations, shelters. To provide your fish with proper care, it needs swimming space, safety and cleanliness. So you can put a filter in the aquarium so that your pet does not get sick. Lighting is necessary, in the tank you can put a 0.4 W LU lamp per 1 liter. The light must be turned off at night.

Characteristics

Males are small aquarium fish, in captivity their body length reaches 4-6 cm, males are one centimeter longer than females. Betta splendens (common cockerel) has a green-olive body color with dark spots or stripes. Fish mimic the external environment, so the color of the scales may change. During spawning and aggression, the body becomes bright, at rest it is faded. The fins of the wild cockerel are short and rounded. Now there are many breeding forms of these fish, which differ in the color of the scales and fins.

As a representative of the Labyrinth fish order, the cockerel is a two-breathing fish, it knows how to breathe like gills, there and atmospheric air. It traps air into the labyrinth channel, where it dissolves. This is a big plus, because in aquariums with cockerels, aeration is not necessary, in which case it is much easier to care for a pet in the aquarium. They can be kept in “Spartan” conditions, although this is undesirable. Caring for them will not be a problem even for a beginner in the aquarium hobby. If the water temperature, acidity, and cleanliness in the aquarium are kept normal, the pet will live longer.

Watch the video story about the cockerel fish.

How to care for cockerel fish

The cockerel fish, or fighting fish (Latin Betta splendens), is one of the most popular aquarium fish. Natural habitat. freshwater ditches, rivers, streams of Southeast Asia. Often found in rice paddies. For the first time, the fish was noticed by the inhabitants of Siam at the beginning of the 19th century. The “stranger” was distinguished by aggressive behavior towards his relatives. Later, the fighting fish was transferred to the imperial court, where it was studied by European scientists invited to the country. The inhabitants of Siam used the cock in “fish” fights: the males fiercely demonstrated their strength, but there were no lethal outcomes.

The genus Betta lists over 70 species, and the Betta splendens cockerel is one of them. There are 6 more types of betta that are not assigned to a specific type. The Betta genus is divided into 2 groups: representatives of the first build a foam nest, the second incubate eggs in the mouth. Today, aquarium betta ordinary are full of a variety of shapes and colors, so it is important to provide them with constant care.

Breeding rules

In a cockerel fish, sexual dimorphism is noticeable: females are smaller in size, not so bright in color, they have short fins. Males are larger, with lush and long fins. During spawning, females have an umbilical cord that looks like a white dot. Fish become sexually mature at the age of 4 months, they can reproduce in another 2-4 months. Caring for producers requires a separate spawning grounds. If the female has not multiplied for a long time, her eggs turn into a cyst, which can lead to death. Males that have already bred have longer fins. Males live up to 3 years, it is better not to put old fish for spawning.

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See how cockerels spawn.

The volume of the spawning box is allowed 10-20 liters, with a water height of 15 cm. The soil is optional, but floating plants are needed. The male will provide care for the fry by building a nest of bubbles and vegetation fragments. The tank should contain hiding places for the female. The producer builds a nest, and invites a female there, or several females, if you have more.

Increased water temperature stimulates reproduction. up to 28-30 degrees Celsius. Water renewal also gives a signal for spawning. 2 weeks before the process, the fish are fed with live food (bloodworms, daphnia). Aeration is not needed in the spawning grounds. it will destroy the nest, and with it the eggs and larvae. First, a male is launched into the container, a day later. a female.

Fish will start spawning in a few days, if reproduction does not occur for several weeks, it is better to change the female. With extreme aggression of the male, they change him to another. In the process of spawning, the male takes care of the female, helps her to squeeze the eggs out of himself, pressing the body. He immediately fertilizes the eggs that have come out, grabs them with his mouth and takes them to the nest. When spawning is over, the female can be moved to a common aquarium so that she does not suffer from the male.

The larvae will hatch in 2-4 days, depending on how the water temperature in the aquarium rises. At this time, the parent provides care for the clutch, picks up eggs that have fallen from the nest. When the fry hatch, he will still be with them. After 4 days, the fry will swim on their own, then the male can also be removed. During one spawning, 200-400 eggs can come out, but 1/3 of them survive.

In the first days of life, they are fed with live dust, ciliates, egg yolk from a hard-boiled egg. After a week, they can be fed with brine shrimp larvae, cut tubifex or special food for fry. In order for the labyrinth organ to develop correctly, you can turn on weak aeration in their nursery, reduce the water level. The labyrinth organ will form in a few months, but all this time. from incubation to the age of the young, the fish fry must be constantly looked after.

Characteristics

Males are small aquarium fish, in captivity their body length reaches 4-6 cm, males are one centimeter longer than females. Betta splendens (common cockerel) has a green-olive body color with dark spots or stripes. Fish mimic the external environment, so the color of the scales may change. During spawning and aggression, the body becomes bright, at rest it is faded. The fins of the wild cockerel are short and rounded. Now there are many breeding forms of these fish, which differ in the color of the scales and fins.

As a representative of the Labyrinth fish order, the cockerel is a two-breathing fish, able to breathe like gills, and there and atmospheric air. It traps air into the labyrinth duct, where it dissolves. This is a big plus, because in aquariums with cockerels, aeration is not necessary, in which case it is much easier to care for a pet in the aquarium. They can be kept in “Spartan” conditions, although this is undesirable. Caring for them will not be a problem even for a beginner in the aquarium hobby. If the water temperature, acidity, and cleanliness in the aquarium are kept normal, the pet will live longer.

Watch the video story about the cockerel fish.

How to care for cockerel fish

The cockerel fish, or fighting fish (Latin Betta splendens), is one of the most popular aquarium fish. Natural habitat. freshwater ditches, rivers, streams of Southeast Asia. Often found in rice paddies. For the first time, the fish was noticed by the inhabitants of Siam at the beginning of the 19th century. The “stranger” was distinguished by aggressive behavior towards his relatives. Later, the fighting fish was transferred to the imperial court, where it was studied by European scientists invited to the country. The inhabitants of Siam used the cock in “fish” fights: the males fiercely demonstrated their strength, but there were no lethal outcomes.

The genus Betta lists over 70 species, and the Betta splendens cockerel is one of them. There are 6 more types of betta that are not assigned to a specific type. The Betta genus is divided into 2 groups: representatives of the first build a foam nest, the second incubate eggs in the mouth. Today, aquarium betta ordinary are full of a variety of shapes and colors, so it is important to provide them with constant care.

What you need to know about the content?

The cockerel is available at home, it is even possible in a 3-liter jar. For two or more individuals, you will need a larger capacity. Like all fish, tightness is only harmful. Fish will be very comfortable in a rectangular and spacious aquarium. It is not recommended to keep more than one male in the aquarium (except for the black cockerel species). Arguments often arise between them, what to say. even between females of cockerels there were fights. Result. Injury, Broken Fins.

If you have nowhere to house two males, choose a volumetric aquarium of 50-100 liters or more. You can put a partition in it, so the territory will be divided. Also, fish have bursts of aggression when there is a change of water or a female appears.

They are not easy to keep with other types of fish. some do not mind cutting off their beautiful and long fins. The bettas themselves can attack peaceful fish with veil fins. Good aquarium neighbors are zebrafish, speckled catfish, cardinals. Compatibility with barbs is controversial, it is possible if you find a fish with D-shaped, short fins. Males quickly get used to their neighbors, and moving out of one of them can be stressful.

Fish Betta splendens is a tropical species, therefore it is recommended to settle it in aquariums with infused and warm water: water temperature 24-27 о С, ph 6.0-8.0, hardness 5-35 dGH. Once a week, you need to replace 25% of the water with fresh water. Aeration is optional.

They can be kept in a nano aquarium, in glass containers. But think carefully, will the fish be comfortable in cramped conditions? Indeed, in a limited space there is no way to plant plants, install driftwood, decorations, shelters. To provide your fish with proper care, it needs swimming space, safety and cleanliness. So you can put a filter in the aquarium so that your pet does not get sick. Lighting is necessary, in the tank you can put a 0.4 W LU lamp per 1 liter. The light must be turned off at night.

Breeding rules

In a cockerel fish, sexual dimorphism is noticeable: females are smaller in size, not so bright in color, they have short fins. Males are larger, with lush and long fins. During spawning, females have an umbilical cord that looks like a white dot. Fish become sexually mature at the age of 4 months, they can reproduce in another 2-4 months. Caring for producers requires a separate spawning grounds. If the female has not multiplied for a long time, her eggs turn into a cyst, which can lead to death. Males that have already bred have longer fins. Males live up to 3 years, it is better not to put old fish for spawning.

See how cockerels spawn.

The volume of the spawning box is allowed 10-20 liters, with a water height of 15 cm. The soil is optional, but floating plants are needed. The male will provide care for the fry by building a nest of bubbles and vegetation fragments. The tank should contain hiding places for the female. The producer builds a nest, and invites a female there, or several females, if you have more.

Increased water temperature stimulates reproduction. up to 28-30 degrees Celsius. Water renewal also gives a signal for spawning. 2 weeks before the process, the fish are fed with live food (bloodworms, daphnia). Aeration is not needed in the spawning grounds. it will destroy the nest, and with it the eggs and larvae. First, a male is launched into the container, a day later. a female.

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Fish will start spawning in a few days, if reproduction does not occur for several weeks, it is better to change the female. With extreme aggression of the male, they change him to another. In the process of spawning, the male takes care of the female, helps her to squeeze the eggs out of himself, pressing the body. He immediately fertilizes the eggs that have come out, grabs them with his mouth and takes them to the nest. When spawning is over, the female can be moved to a common aquarium so that she does not suffer from the male.

The larvae will hatch in 2-4 days, depending on how the water temperature in the aquarium rises. At this time, the parent provides care for the clutch, picks up eggs that have fallen from the nest. When the fry hatch, he will still be with them. After 4 days, the fry will swim on their own, then the male can also be removed. During one spawning, 200-400 eggs can come out, but 1/3 of them survive.

In the first days of life, they are fed with live dust, ciliates, egg yolk from a hard-boiled egg. After a week, they can be fed with brine shrimp larvae, cut tubifex or special food for fry. In order for the labyrinth organ to develop correctly, you can turn on weak aeration in their nursery, reduce the water level. The labyrinth organ will form in a few months, but all this time. from incubation to the age of the young, the fish fry must be constantly looked after.

Preparing a mini-aquarium and settling it

Experienced aquarists recommend choosing only spacious aquariums for the cockerel fish; 1 individual should have at least 5 liters of water. Recommended optimum tank volume. from 10 liters. The main criteria for arranging a mini-aquarium:

  • The correct choice of the shape of the aquarium is important. Cockerel is often practiced in a round aquarium, sometimes jars, glasses or goblets are used. In the last three variants, the pet has nowhere to turn around, it may die. The round shape of the container is inconvenient for handling, such an aquarium cannot be cleaned with a scraper. Some sources indicate harm to the eyes and health of the pet from keeping them in a round bowl. It is better to keep your pet in a rectangular container.
  • The fish dwelling should not be closed tightly with a lid, since it should be possible to rise to the surface of the water and breathe. To prevent the pet from jumping out, it is better to use a soft net.
  • There is no need for aeration and filtration systems due to the peculiarities of the device of the respiratory organs of males. Only a small water heater should be purchased as an accessory.
  • A small amount of soil should be placed at the bottom. For this, any type of gravel, stones, glass beads, balls are used. Items must be free of chemical residues.
  • After arranging the ground, plants and small decorations are placed so that they do not interfere with the movement of the fish in the water space. It is better to use artificial plants in a small aquarium, but they should not injure the fins of the cock with the sharp edges. Live aquarium plants look prettier, but in a small space, they quickly spoil the water under the influence of heat, sunlight and other factors. It is best to choose silk plants.
  • Filtered drinking water is poured into the tank. Distilled water is not suitable because it lacks the minerals your pet needs. Tap water should be dechlorinated beforehand.
  • Before launching a pet into a prepared aquarium, you need to defend for a day.
  • It is recommended to place the aquarium in a quiet place, where it is not hot, and there is moderate lighting. Intense sunlight will provoke the growth of green algae, the proximity of heating devices will affect the water temperature, and the noise will stress the cockerel, and fin rot may begin.

General information

Southeast Asia is considered the homeland of fish. Males are distinguished by a pugnacious disposition, because of which they began to be used for tournament fights. For this reason, they are called fighting. The species belongs to the macropod family. It belongs to the group of labyrinth fish (individuals have a labyrinth organ that allows them to additionally breathe atmospheric oxygen). Under natural conditions, fish live in stagnant waters or bodies of water with a slow current. Wild individuals are characterized by a grayish color with an olive tint, the presence of stripes on the body. Fins. short, rounded. The size of the fish is 4-9 cm.Other types of cockerels have been bred by breeders:

  • two-tailed;
  • veil-tailed;
  • flag-tailed;
  • delta-tailed;
  • crescent-tailed;
  • round-tailed;
  • crown-tailed;
  • brush-tailed;
  • poster;
  • dragon;
  • royal.

Domesticated aquarium forms of cockerels are distinguished by their striking appearance. In the aquarium industry, these fish are considered the most beautiful. They are characterized by a variety of colors in red, blue, yellow spectra:

  • two-color;
  • one-color;
  • multicolor.

The fins of males are longer than those of females. The color of the latter is paler. It is not recommended to keep the male cockerel in large aquariums with other inhabitants, since in case of possible clashes, the beauty of the fish will suffer, the cockerels can attack even calm neighbors with veil fins. Possibly with other fish species, females without long fins. You cannot keep two fighting males together, they will fight. In the water column of a large aquarium, the development of veil fins in fish is uneven. A mini aquarium is a comfortable environment for fighting fish. Males tolerate loneliness well, so you can keep 1 individual separately. The list of requirements is less, how to care for a small aquarium, in comparison with large-sized tanks.

Features of the care and maintenance of a cockerel fish in a mini-aquarium

Small fish tanks can be of various shapes. They are suitable for novice aquarists and fit well into the home interior. A suitable pet for such conditions will be a cockerel fish, whose care in a mini-aquarium has some features.

and care

Aquarium cockerels live no more than three years. In care, the cockerel fish is unpretentious. These fish thrive in temperatures of 24… 28ºC. The water temperature should not drop for a long time, otherwise the fish will get sick. Temperatures above normal speed up metabolic processes, shortening the life of the pet. For the owner of the fish, the cockerel and care comes down to the basic rules:

  • Feeding is carried out in small portions 1 or 2 times a day. It is unacceptable to overfeed the fish. The diet includes live (brine shrimp, earthworm, tubifex, bloodworm), dry and frozen food (rotifer, brine shrimp, daphnia, bloodworm). It is recommended to give food as much as the fish can eat in 15 minutes. If you feed more, your pet will get fat and get sick. Food that has fallen to the bottom should be removed immediately so that the water does not deteriorate.
  • The fish is not capricious to the parameters of water. It is recommended to maintain acidity between 6 and 7.5 and hardness. in the range of 4-15. No hard requirements.
  • In a mini aquarium, the water needs to be changed frequently. Due to the lack of filtration, ammonia, pet waste products, accumulates in the water. With a volume of 4-5 liters, the contents change every 3 days, with 8 liters. every 5 days, at 20 liters. weekly.
  • Every time you change the water, the walls of the tank and decorations should be cleaned. Impurities and green algae are removed. If there are live plants in the aquarium, it is necessary to trim off dead areas. When washing the fish’s home, do not use soap and other detergents, since the slightest traces of chemical compounds will enter the digestive system of the fish.

You need to monitor the fins and behavior of the pet. If signs of poor health appear, you should change the water, in many cases this is enough. Often the fish are kept alone, without breeding cockerels. Under such conditions, it should be remembered that females can leave eggs inside themselves. In the absence of spawning, the accumulated eggs turn into a cyst, due to which the fish may die. In the initial stages, dietary restriction helps. Expressing caviar is sometimes practiced, but the procedure requires great care, otherwise you can damage the fish. A pair for breeding cockerels is carefully selected. The compatibility of different types is taken into account. When some forms are crossed, defects may appear in the offspring. For spawning, individuals older than 4-5 months are selected. Reproduction of cockerels is not carried out more often than 1 time in 2 weeks. A reservoir (from 10 liters) is being prepared, which is ennobled with shelters and vegetation. Males are seated 10-14 days before spawning. The male is first placed in the spawning grounds, which begins to prepare the nest from air bubbles. Small bubbles coalesce on the surface of the water or under vegetation. The female sits down, after courtship she releases eggs, which the male cockerel picks up. He will protect the offspring, raise the fallen eggs into the nest. The female does not participate in the rearing of fry. After spawning, it is planted. If you keep a cockerel fish in compliance with simple rules, it will not get sick, allowing its owner to enjoy its beauty.

Fish cockerels: care and in the aquarium

Aquarium fish such as cockerels differ from others in their peculiar behavior. In another way, they are also called “fighting”. Today they are among the most popular aquarium inhabitants.

Males are cautious and slow, it seems as if they are diligently assessing what is happening next to them. And at the moment of aggression, they look especially unique. in males, the gills begin to swell and the flapping of the pectoral fins becomes more frequent.

We will tell you about the features of caring for aquarium fish, cockerels. how to properly maintain and feed them, as well as exactly how they look. In the photo you can see examples of some varieties of this breed.

Feeding cockerel fry

The fry, which have barely begun to swim, will not yet be able to eat the live food to which the adults are accustomed. For starter feed, an infusoria shoe, diluted in sufficient quantities in advance, is best suited. But you do not need to mix different types of ciliates with each other, since some of them are inedible. You need to take this culture exclusively in its pure form.

The fry will grow up in 5 days, and it will be possible to give them myin and brine shrimp, thanks to this food they will grow rapidly, and those individuals that are lagging behind in terms of growth will quickly catch up.

Live food Daphnia moin is universal in the sense that newborn crustaceans can be successfully fed to fry of a cockerel, and large ones can be given to adults.

cockerels are also associated with the need to carefully maintain cleanliness in the aquarium. The labyrinth apparatus, thanks to which the fry breathe atmospheric air, does not develop immediately, but for several weeks. Until this moment, weak aeration must be installed in the aquarium to mix the water. You can turn it off when you see that the fish constantly rise to the surface to take a breath.

a brief description of

The cockerel fish were discovered at the beginning of the last century. In aquariums, they began to be bred for the first time in Thailand. Such fish grow up to a maximum of 6 centimeters. Through selection, it was possible to obtain many color variations of these aquatic inhabitants. There are patterns with different patterns on the fins and fancy patterns.

Cockerels are also called “fighting” fish, because males tend to be militant. For this reason, breeders very rarely keep several males in one aquarium at once. This type of fish belongs to the labyrinth family.

In representatives of this family, as a rule, males are brighter, larger and slimmer than females. Fish eggs are most often laid in a foamy nest, or they continue to be near the surface. In rare cases, incubation is carried out in the mouth of the males. The incubation period is from 24 to 60 hours, and after five days fry begin to swim.

Eating and sharing with other fish

Males are not particularly picky in terms of nutrition and some aspects of caring for them. The following types of dry food are suitable for them:

  • artificial ready-made dry food;
  • gammarus;
  • daphnia.

Live food such as:

  • core;
  • small bloodworm;
  • pipe maker, etc.

Especially as food for cockerels, you can breed at home:

  • aulophorus;
  • daphnia moinu;
  • grindala;
  • enchitreus.

One of the important components of the care and maintenance of fish is cohabitation with other types of fish. So, males can live in the same aquarium with all peaceful and average species of fish, with the exception of those males who can arrange fights with each other within the aquarium.

In order to prevent this, it is desirable that only one pair of a male and a female, or one male and several females, live in one aquarium. Among the fish with which bettas get along well are the following:

  • cardinal;
  • sword-bearer;
  • zebrafish;
  • barbs;
  • guppy;
  • neon and prochin.

Rooster fish: care and

These aquarium fish have a labyrinth organ type. It is believed that cockerels in the aquarium are possible without aeration, since such an organ allows them to breathe atmospheric air and not be tied to the rate of oxygen in the aquarium water, they feel good even with minimal oxygen. However, if you block the access to atmospheric air for the cockerels, then after a few hours they will suffocate, despite the good oxygen saturation.

You can take any aquarium to keep the cockerels, but you can’t keep them in small containers either. In a small space, a failure of biological balance can often occur, and the water in this case rarely meets the requirements for keeping fish.

The optimal temperature regime for the comfortable life of the cockerel fish in the aquarium is from 24 to 28 degrees. Also, fish are insensitive to the hydrochemical parameters of aquarium water. It’s easy to take care of them, but some conditions are still required.

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Males: preparation for spawning and spawning

Roosters are best kept in a separate tank. This is necessary so that the fry are not eaten by adults over time. For spawning, such preparation is required:

  • refresh the aquarium water;
  • raise the water temperature to 28-30 degrees;
  • the minimum size of the spawning box should be 25/20/20 cm per 10 liters of water;
  • acidity of water. 7.2;
  • water hardness. 10 °.

When you want to use a spawning box, you should take into account the parameters of the aquarium.

As for the spawning itself, when the male sees the female, then his natural slowness instantly disappears, and he quickly chases after her, and the beautiful and bright fins of the male move apart and shine in the light. Regardless of gender, the color of the fish becomes brighter, this lasts from several minutes to several hours.

After swimming, the male rises to the surface, then takes a cozy place and starts building the nest. Then he captures air bubbles with his mouth, sometimes together with richii particles and spits them out nearby, making an even circle with their help.

When the size of the circle in diameter is up to 5 centimeters, the male begins to adjust its middle, then slowly above its surface he makes a so-called cap based on air bubbles glued together with saliva. When there are many debris in the aquarium, the nest looks like a hat raised above the water by about 3 centimeters. And when there is little ricia, then it begins to blur and becomes flat and wide.

The male’s work can take a lot of time. When the nest is ready, the female comes to it and spawning begins. The eggs are picked up by the female and the male, grabbing it with their mouths, and then spitting it out into the foam nest. When the remnants of eggs are swept out, the male abruptly throws himself on the female and drives her into a corner.

At this point, the female should be disembarked, and the male should be left next to the nest. If you don’t remove it, the agitated male may simply kill her. Now his main concern will be looking after the larvae. They are very small and do not know how to swim, he will have to pick up each fallen from the nest and put it back.

On about the fifth day, the larvae already come to a horizontal position and can dissect throughout the aquarium. At this moment, the instinct of preserving the offspring ends in the male, he can be moved to another aquarium. The fry of cockerels are active and large, they should be fed with the help of small plankton.

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The most popular varieties of cockerels and their photos

There are many varieties of cockerels. The most common among them are:

  • Black. comes from Malaysia and grows up to 5.5 cm. The optimal conditions for keeping are the water temperature around 27 degrees, hardness 6 and acidity 6.8. The number of laid eggs is about 300.
  • Smaragdovy. the birthplace of this subspecies is Laos. The maximum size is 6 centimeters. Acceptable water temperature 29.8 degrees, acidity 7.2 hardness 8. Number of eggs. up to 350;
  • Fighting fish (the most common species). it is native to Southeast Asia. An individual can grow up to 6 centimeters. The number of eggs can reach 600;
  • Light green cockerel. comes from the island of Kalimantan. The maximum size is 11 centimeters. Allowable purely laid eggs. 40 pieces.

As you can see in the photo, cockerels are very beautiful and colorful fish that will become a real decoration of your aquarium, but only if they are kept correctly.

Possible problems

When breeding males, some problems may arise, and primarily this is due to diseases.

One of the most common diseases is fin rot. It is caused by bacteria that result from poor maintenance (eg dirty soil). The disease manifests itself as follows: the ends of the tail and fins darken, the fins go down, white spots appear on the body, the activity of the fish decreases.

When such signs appear, an urgent need to clean the aquarium: the elements of the artificial decor must be boiled, the container must be washed using a weak bleach solution. Then the container is filled with clean water, to which a drug (tetracycline, ampicillin) or any antifungal agent is added.

The water with the addition of the drug should be changed after 3 days until the fish improve. The treatment can take a whole month. At the end, the container is processed by Betamaks to prevent the return of the disease.

Velvet disease is another common disease. With this disease, fish scales are covered with a reddish bloom, which is especially clearly visible in the light. The fins of the cockerels can stick together, the fish rub against the glass of the aquarium, become apathetic, they lose their appetite.

For treatment, use the drug BettaZing (3 drops per liter of water).

To prevent the disease, it is recommended to add a special conditioner and salt for aquariums to the water.

The disease of ichthyophthyriosis is accompanied by the appearance of white bulges on the body. The cause of the disease is parasitic ciliates. For treatment, sea or ordinary table salt is used, adding it to water. In such water, parasites quickly die (in about a day).

Sometimes males show changes in their behavior. The fish sink and lie at the bottom for a long time for these reasons:

  • transferred stressful condition;
  • the habitat temperature is much less than 18 degrees;
  • chemical poisoning.

Males swim near the surface for a very long time and try to jump out if the water contains a large amount of chlorine. This problem can be solved simply: the water must be heated to 90 degrees.

Features of the

For its cocky character, the cockerel fish was nicknamed the fighting fish. The aquarium fish is a representative of the macropod family. This labyrinth fish has an interesting feature. it requires air to breathe.

The oval and elongated body of the cock is flattened on the sides and does not differ in large size: in males it reaches 5 cm, and in females. about 4 cm.An unusually beautiful look is given to the cock by its fins, which in different species have a slightly different size, appearance and outline of the border.

Basically, the fins. both the caudal and the upper. are rounded, and the ventral fins are pointed.

Females have shorter fins than males, and they have less bright color and less beautiful shape.

One of the features of this fish is its amazing and unique color. It can be not only one or two colors, but also multicolored: it can contain shades from blue to purple, from green to yellow, from orange to red, as well as white and black.

In males, the color is somewhat brighter than that of females, and has a feature that under strong light during spawning and during fights, their color becomes even brighter. Males are classified according to the size and shape of their fins, as well as by color: one-color, two-color, multi-color.

The behavior of cockerels is characterized by cockiness and aggressiveness not only in relation to other species of fish, but also to their relatives. two males in a small aquarium can kill the weaker one. However, despite their aggression, male males have a strong parental feeling.

These fish live for about three years. Caring for them is not particularly difficult even for beginners, although it has some nuances.

What to feed?

Feeding your fish is not a problem as they eat almost any food. There are different types of food: dry, live and frozen. The proportion of live food should be higher in the diet of fish, since they need protein food.

They gladly eat bloodworms and tubifex, daphnia and cyclops, zooplankton and even snails, as well as crushed ordinary earthworms.

The disadvantage of animal food is that it can contain harmful microbes that cause various diseases in males.

Frozen. the same live food, but frozen. It is safer, as it does not contain harmful bacteria, unlike live food. Store it in the freezer and, if necessary, separate the right amount for feeding. You cannot defrost and re-freeze food: it may deteriorate.

Dry food is in the form of small granules or flakes. It is recommended to give it less frequently than live and frozen. Dry food is given according to the priority table.

  • Regular cereal feed. given in such a small amount that males eat in about 2 minutes.
  • Special (for cockerels) granulated feed. it can be given daily. It Contains Properly Balanced Benefits.
  • Tubifex, bloodworms, dry brine shrimp.

Different types of feed should not be given in one feeding: for example, frozen food and dry food, or combine different types of dry food at the same time. You need to adhere to the rule: one feeding. one type of food.

To prolong the life and preserve the bright color of the cockerels, they need to be fed with a variety of food, which must be alternated.

You can supplement the diet of a rooster with frozen shrimp meat, live insects and their larvae, spinach leaves, lettuce, pre-scalded.

It is required to feed the cockerels 1 or 2 times a day. Adult fish can be fed less often, 1 time is enough. During spawning, food is given twice a day, and the fry are also fed. Feed is given at the same time. The fish will gradually develop a reflex, and they will collect themselves near the feeders by the time of feeding.

The amount of food should not be large: males should eat it in about 2-5 minutes. Live food is given in the amount of 3-5 worms, and 4-6 pellets are required. in one feeding. Leftover feed should be removed so that it does not contaminate the water in the container.

It is not recommended to overfeed the fish: this leads to their obesity. It is necessary to arrange one fasting day without feed every week.

Subtleties of keeping fish cockerel and basic recommendations for care

A bright beautiful cockerel fish will decorate any aquarium. In addition to her peculiar appearance, she has an energetic and belligerent demeanor. Caring for fish, although simple, has some subtleties.

Breeding rules

Puberty in these fish begins as early as 3-4 months of age. However, it is desirable to select 6-8 month old individuals for reproduction. The difference between the male and the female is well expressed: it is distinguished by a brighter color and longer fins, as well as a slender and larger body.

In females, the size of the fins is smaller, dark stripes are clearly visible on the body, and there is a spot of white tint near the tail that appears at 3 months of age.

Breeding these fish at home requires following simple rules.

First of all, this is the spawning equipment. For him, a container with a volume of 3-4 liters is selected and filled with water about 15 cm.The soil is not placed on the bottom, but 1-2 live small-leaved plants are placed, a grotto or other shelter for the female is arranged, where she will hide from the male, since he often aggressive during the spawning season.

And also install diffused lighting and aerator.

Water is used settled (3-4 days) and warm, about 28.30 degrees Celsius.

Before spawning, in about 10-14 days, future parents are transplanted into separate containers to prepare for breeding.

During the feeding of the fish, the volume of live and frozen foods containing a large amount of protein is increased in their diet. This is necessary to prepare for spawning and the formation of eggs and milk.

During this period, the water is slightly warmed up (by about 2 degrees), and more often it is changed.

  • First, one male is placed in the spawning grounds. The readiness of the male for spawning is determined by its color, which becomes more intense, and also begins to release a large number of bubbles. Here he creates a spawning nest, holding together air bubbles and small parts of plants with his saliva.
  • The female is placed next to the male after building the nest. It’s time for spawning. The cockerel begins to chase the female, and, having overtaken and wrapped around her, squeezes out the eggs.
  • Then the male picks up the falling eggs with his mouth and places them in the bubbles of the nest. This is repeated until the eggs are finished.

The end of spawning is indicated by the fact that the cock is swimming above the nest, and the female is swimming for shelter.

At the end of spawning, the female is returned to a regular aquarium. The cock stays in the spawning grounds and nurses future fry.

Often during incubation, eggs that have become heavy fall out of the nest. The cockerel picks them up and returns them to their place. So that the male does not sleep at night, but takes care of the eggs, it is necessary to place a lamp above the nest.

The incubation process lasts about two days, then larvae hatch from the eggs. For 3-4 days, their food is carried out at the expense of the yolk sac reserves. Then, as soon as the bag disappears completely, the grown fry leave the nest and begin to search for food.

The time has come for the male to return to the regular aquarium. Fry should be fed with “live dust”, rubbed with yolk, as well as brine shrimp and small crustaceans (cyclops). It is not recommended to use dry food, as it negatively affects the development of fry.

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At the moment, light aeration should be connected. By the age of one month in fry, the process of development of the labyrinth organ is completed, and from that time on, aeration must be stopped.

When the fry reach 3 months of age, they are sorted and seated in different containers so that the large ones do not eat the small ones.

The fry are deposited when they begin to show aggression and attack each other.

From now on, they need care like adults.

How to properly care?

Although simple, but correct care is required for the cockerels. Consider the basic requirements of their content.

  • A properly equipped aquarium with a volume of water from 3 (for one individual) to 10-20 liters for several males.
  • Optimal temperature conditions. The water temperature in the container should be approximately 24.28 degrees Celsius. Fish can tolerate lower temperatures well, but it should not be lower than 18.
  • In addition, fish cannot stay in cool water for a long time: from this they can develop various diseases. The temperature must be constantly monitored by a thermometer.
  • Water composition. Males are undemanding to the quality and composition of the water, but it is desirable that the hardness is from 4 to 15 dGH, and the acidity reaches about 6-7.5 pH. To prevent diseases, stress conditions and strengthen the color of fish, it is advisable to add special aquarium salt to the water (0.5 teaspoon per 2-3 liters of water).
  • Periodic water change. In large containers, the water needs to be changed after 14 days, in small containers. every 3 days. You can change the water in two ways: three times a week, replace only 1/4 of the total volume of the container; fish are transplanted into a separate container and replace all the water in the aquarium. Clean tap water is preliminarily allowed to stand for two days. It is strictly forbidden to use distilled water, since it does not contain substances beneficial to fish, and bottled water.
  • Simultaneously with the water change, the aquarium is cleaned. The bottom is cleaned, and all the remaining food is removed, the walls and decor are cleaned. Often a bacterial film forms on the water surface. It prevents the penetration of air necessary for males into the water.

Because bettas are labyrinth fish, they periodically rise to the surface to swallow air. Therefore, a clean water surface is so necessary.

The film is removed with a special tool or simply using a paper sheet. And also all emerging plants are removed from the surface.

  • Lighting should be diffused. The backlight must be turned off at night.
  • The presence of an aerator is necessary only in large containers: without it, the water at the bottom will be colder than on the surface.

It is believed that round aquariums and large jars are not entirely suitable for the normal life of bettas. They distort the view, which leads to disorientation of the males.

In addition, round walls are much more difficult to clean. Usually such containers are not large enough and are suitable for keeping only one fish.

Caring for the fish contained in a round container does not differ from ordinary care: periodic water changes, washing the aquarium and decor, caring for aquatic plants, which consists in cutting off dead parts.

When washing the container, do not use soap or any cleaning agents. Their residues can dissolve in water and lead to chemical poisoning of fish.

How to equip an aquarium?

Fish can perfectly exist not only in large, but also in small aquariums. It is only necessary to take into account that one cockerel will need from 3 to 4 liters of water. One cockerel can even be kept in a 3-liter jar, and for several individuals a container with a volume of 10 to 20 liters is required.

The containers can be of various shapes: the cockerels live in a rectangular, and in a square, and in a round aquarium. It is recommended to divide large tanks into several zones with partitions. This will allow you to keep several male cockerels in one aquarium without risking their life.

Safe environmentally friendly material is used for partitions. They must have holes for free circulation of water. It is advisable to plant tall aquatic plants near the fences. They will cover the review and exclude unnecessary contacts.

In addition, the plants give a beautiful appearance and also serve to form spawning nests. They also contribute to the enrichment of oxygen in the aquatic environment and maintain its biological balance.

In addition to living ones, artificial plants can also be used for decoration, but they should not have sharp outlines so that the fish do not damage the fins.

It is recommended to place soil in the form of river small pebbles, gravel or coarse sand at the bottom of the container. This neutral soil contains beneficial microorganisms necessary for processing the products of life of aquatic life.

And you can also place different driftwood, large stones, equip grottoes that will serve as a shelter for fish. These decorative elements must be environmentally friendly and not have sharp edges.

Aeration of the water is not so important for the cock, as they additionally use air for breathing. But temperature drops in water adversely affect the males, so it is advisable to use a heater to maintain a stable temperature.

The purity of the water is extremely important, therefore it is not advisable to use an aquarium without a filter. The power of the filter should be small, since these fish like calm waters.

The container must be filled with water not completely, not topping up to the edge of 7-10 cm.So, since the males have a habit of jumping out of the water, then the aquarium must be covered with a lid with holes or a mesh so that the water is saturated with air.

You need to put the container in places that are bright, but inaccessible to direct sunlight and drafts.

Compatibility with other fish

In the natural environment, males come into contact exclusively during spawning. The compatibility of these fish with their relatives in an aquarium is of a subjective nature. Their relationship is often influenced by the temperament of the fish.

Often males cannot stand the neighborhood of not only another cock, but also females. However, individual females themselves pose a threat to the unwanted male. Therefore, keeping several individuals of cockerels will require large aquariums, divided into several compartments.

According to compatibility with fighting fish, other fish species are divided into three groups.

  • Good compatibility. This group includes peace-loving small-sized fish: swordtails and peaceful catfish, platies and thorns, mollies and rasbora, as well as grumbled gourami and minors.
  • Satisfactory compatibility with infrequent and minor contractions. This group includes the following species: guppies and barbs, neons and cardinals, spotted gourami and labeo.
  • Complete incompatibility with astronotuses and lineats, piranhas and akars, parrots.

The cockerels will gladly eat the shrimps that live with them. Small snails are also the subject of their hunt.

It is recommended to populate the aquarium with different types of fish at the same time: this way they will get along faster and come to terms with each other. It should also be noted that the cockerel, getting used to his neighbors, can get stressed if they are seated.

Despite its fighting nature, the cockerel fish may well decorate any aquarium and coexist with other fish.

For tips on keeping cockerels, see the following video.

Barbs are perfect for keeping in an aquarium for those who love sharp, nimble, active fish. They are not so whimsical in their content, they like to live in a flock. They are not aggressive, but sometimes they can show aggression within the species or at other fish (just make sure that the fish are really compatible with each other, although they can get along with many species). Small species live up to 5 years, which can delight you for a long time in your aquarium!

How to feed barbs

Fish are omnivorous, so they can be fed frozen, dry or live food. From live food, tubifex, daphnia, bloodworms, cyclops, brine shrimp are suitable. And also branded food in the form of tablets and granules is suitable. Cover the aquarium with a lid, because during feeding the barbs are quite active and can jump out of it.

Adults should be given cucumbers, zucchini, lettuce, dandelion leaves, nettles, dried seaweed, spinach or wolfia so that they do not destroy the plants in the aquarium.

Feed small portions, without overeating, since this will only harm the health of the fish. This must be carefully monitored, since the fish are prone to obesity, so it is better to underfeed them once again. You can arrange a fasting day once a week. Although they like to finish eating from the bottom, it is advisable to remove food debris from the aquarium.

And just remember to be varied in barb food.

How many barbs live

At home, barbs can live 3-5 years. Larger species, if cared for, can live up to 10 years, then they are kept singly or in pairs. But caring for larger species is more difficult. You can start breeding barbs as soon as they reach 5-9 months, after which they are ready to reproduce.

Caring for barbs in an aquarium at home

In nature, barbs (often called barbel) live in rivers in Africa, South and Southeast Asia (for example, the ruled species from the islands of Indonesia). The types differ from each other mainly only in how they look externally. They are rather small (5–30 cm), very energetic and active. In the aquarium, they are constantly chasing each other or someone. Some species have been bred selectively. They are great for breeding. Often they are bred separately from all fish, and such aquariums are called “barbusy”.

Compatibility

If populated incorrectly, barbs behave quite aggressively. Conflicts can occur both within the school and spread to other fish. For example, if there is a smaller or slower fish in the aquarium, then there will certainly be a conflict. It happens that just fish may not converge in character. They get along well with fish, which can also fend for themselves. But large species can become competitors for commensurate individuals. Cichlids, giant gourami, goldfish may start eating fins.

Aquarium barbs are not predators, but if fry of other fish appear, they instantly swallow them.

Due to the fact that the fish are very mobile and move in a flock, they can cause discomfort and stress for the rest of the inhabitants, so they do not get along with everyone.

Barbs get along with the following fish:

  • Botia clown.
  • Gourami.
  • Large tetras.
  • Labeo.
  • Pecilia.
  • Danio.
  • Cichlazoma.
  • Swordsmen (sometimes, but there are cases when they lived together).

But it is worth clarifying that everything is not so simple with gourami. Since it all depends on the type of barbs in your aquarium. Before buying, it is better to clarify in advance if this species is suitable for gourami. For example, Sumastrans and mutants will get along well with gouras.

They do not get along with long-finned fish, as well as small representatives.

  • minors;
  • analysis;
  • catfish corridors;
  • thorns;
  • cichlids;
  • telescopes;
  • mollies;
  • scalars;
  • guppy;
  • neons;
  • shrimp.

and care

Barbs are not so demanding, so they will not be particularly difficult even for novice aquarists. They live in the lower and middle layers of water. Small species live in flocks of 5–7 individuals. In addition, the fish still benefit: they collect the remains of food from the bottom. They are constantly busy with something, trying to find something edible in the ground. And they also have excellent hearing, due to the fact that they have a special Weber apparatus.

Small species are best kept in an oblong aquarium from 50 liters. It is recommended to keep small species (less than 5 cm in length) in a 50-100 liter aquarium. In an aquarium for barbs for 100-200 liters. medium species (fish that are 7-8 cm long). But large species (15-30 cm) are best planted in an aquarium from 200 liters.

One barb will not feel very comfortable, so it is better to breed them in a flock of 5-7 pieces in one aquarium.

Barbs aquarium fish love water with the flow. Filtration is mandatory and it is also recommended to do weekly water changes by 20%. If the fish begins to swim near the surface of the water, an urgent need to change the water.

  • Water temperature. 19-25 ° C (tolerate up to 17 ° C).
  • Neutral water, acidity: 6.5-7.5
  • Hardness. 4-10 °.

It is recommended to plant dense plants in the aquarium, but leave the center of the aquarium free. They begin to destroy delicate plants quickly. Plants for barbs in an aquarium can be:

  • Stiff-leaved Anubias.
  • Cryptocorynes.
  • Vallisneria.
  • Arrowhead.
  • Elodea.
  • Echinodorus.
  • Kabomba.
  • Myriophyllum.
  • Floating mosses: Thai and Javanese moss, hornwort, pinnate, nayas, fontinalis moss.

They are not very fond of bright light, so it is desirable that there are floating algae on the surface.

Sand or gravel can be used as soil. If you choose a darker soil, then the color of the scales will be brighter.

You can often find that the flock is hammered into some corner and does not move, while the fish are all tilted down. This behavior is quite normal, do not worry about it. But if the fish tilt more than 45 degrees, then you need to check the conditions in the aquarium, since something is clearly not according to the norms.

Others

Mollinesia is the most popular viviparous representative of the Peciliaceae family, which lovers of home aquarium fish have been fond of for a lot.

What fish can survive without oxygen and filtration? No living creature is capable of living without.

Aquarium catfish is not just an unusual fish whose behavior is very interesting to observe, but also.

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