These parrots have a white body color with a clearly visible yellow sheen. The eyes are black in both males and females. But females have a noticeably yellower tail color, while males have two pure white tail feathers.
Determining the sex of cockatiels: ALL 3 METHODS
Someone has a goal of acquiring a cockatiel boy, apparently under the influence of myths that males are more smart, and females are dumber (which of course is not so.), someone needs a second bird to create a pair, someone is already in fact interested in. and who lives with him?
There is one more thing to consider when using a genetic calculator. Crossing over is the phenomenon of replacing pieces of chromosomes at the stage of cell nucleation. In this case, the male cockatiel is at the stage of sperm generation. This thing works in nature as one of the main elements of the genetic diversity of future generations. Using the example of our dad, about whom this entire article was written, crossing over can make both his lutino genes from one of the X chromosomes “move” to the other X chromosome. Leaving, say, the first X purely natural. And then the picture of the future offspring will change dramatically. An example of such an effect is in the comments below. Crossing over rarely occurs, but it significantly distorts the already confusing logic in determining the sex of a cockatiel.
To summarize, in cockatiels everything is not easy with sex determination. much easier than in other parrots, with more interesting genetics, but much more difficult than in cats and dogs, where all this is outwardly visible at birth At the first attempts to understand the essence of the gene calculator, beginners really boil their brain, and attempts to predict the sex by some external colors and signs there really turn into a random guessing game. You can definitely only trust the DNA test for determining the sex of a cockatiel, or in fact, if a bird has laid an egg for you, it characteristically taps its beak, its wings with hearts. The initial singing of the chick, as we have already said, is a very likely sign of a male, but not sufficient.
I hope you were interested!
If you want to dive deeper into avian genetics and color transfer, you can read this and this article. And thanks to all the familiar cockatiel breeders who helped us figure it out in due time.
Colors without sex differences
Unfortunately, cockatiel parrots have colors for which sex cannot be determined. These colors include:
- Variegated or harlequin;
- The black.
The color of the neck can be either a separate color of the plumage of cockatiels, or be combined with any other color. If the sheki manifested itself along with any of the above colors, then the sex of the parrot can already be determined by color.
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The behavior and nature of cockatiel parrots
Cockatiels are very sociable and intelligent birds. They can charm a person with a cheerful character, love and companionship. This parrot loves to be in the company of its owner. Therefore, quite often a cockatiel or nymph (another name for the same parrot) can be seen on the head or shoulders of its owner. This parrot shows its mood, ranging from happiness, curiosity, fear, ending with illness or sadness, with the help of a crest over its head.
It is not easy for a new owner to immediately understand the nature and behavior of their cockatiel parrot. The best way to figure this out is through observation. Look closely at your pet, note how he behaves in a given situation. After a while, you will begin to understand the behavior of the cockatiel by external signs. Then it will not be difficult for you to determine what the parrot wants. The cockatiels have a very playful personality and active demeanor. Head bobbing, beak scratching and rubbing, head hanging and tail wagging are some of the common behavioral characteristics you may notice in your parrot. The article describes what the behavior of a male or female cockatiel parrot can be.
Yawns very widely
The reasons for this behavior in cockatiel parrots:
- The bird is trying to get more oxygen.
- Eliminates ear plugs.
- Clears throat due to allergies or dust.
However, if the yawn is accompanied by excessive shaking of the head, don’t ignore it. If this is the case, the cockatiel may have nasal problems, an infection, or some kind of respiratory illness. However, if a bird’s feet are warm, it means that it is healthy. Cool paws. a sign that the bird is sad, afraid of something, or sick.
Thus, in order to understand well what a cockatiel has and what her behavior means, you need to spend a lot of time with a parrot. Chat with him, play, take care. Then you will gain trust and love. However, if your pet is behaving strangely and abnormally, do not hesitate to contact an experienced bird watcher.
This behavior of a cockatiel parrot means that she is going to take a nap or rest. The bird can also exhibit this behavior to prevent excessive beak growth. Chew toys made from freshly washed tree branches such as eucalyptus, willow, apple, maple, etc. prevent the bird from sharpening its beak.
Why such confusion with gender definition?
This is because cockatiels have complex sexual dimorphism. In cockatiels, nothing protrudes anywhere, does not grow and visually, especially for an unprepared person, it is impossible to determine the sex of a bird. Trained people know a set of theories about which color spots to look at for different bird colors, and in addition at different ages. It looks something like this:
The white-faced cockatiels have no cheek spots. But in males, the entire plumage of the head is painted pure white, without admixture of other colors. And females may have a gray or cinnamon shade on their heads.
How to identify a female cockatiel
The female parrot cockatiel is characterized by:
- Wide tail plumage;
- Wide straight crest;
- On the perch sits with legs wide apart;
- Females do not sing (with rare exceptions);
- Light body with gray mask;
- Stripes and spots on the tail and wings, similar to blotches;
The position of the legs on the perch has nothing to do with the behavior of the cockatiel parrot. This is due to the structure of the parrot. In females, the pelvic bones are widely spaced, in connection with this, the corella occupies this position on the perch.
The main differences between a male and a female
- Tail width;
- Pattern on the tail (spots);
- Plumage color;
- Head color;
- Tufted shape;
- As he sits on a perch;
- Bird song.
An important point in determining the sex of a cockatiel: in chicks, it is quite difficult to find differences between a male and a female. They have not yet changed plumage, and characteristic features may be present in birds of both sexes.
Therefore, it will be more accurate to find out the sex of the parrot after 4-6 months, preferably after the first molt. By this time, the parrot will mature and can change a lot, including change in color.
Corella how to identify a male from a female
In order to find out the sex of a cockatiel, you need to know some of the differences between a male and a female. If you first encounter such a problem as sex determination in a cockatiel parrot, carefully examine the bird and observe its behavior.
How to identify a male cockatiel
The male cockatiel parrot has the following features:
- The plumage of the tail is strongly narrowed towards the end;
- Narrow crest with a noticeable bend at the end;
- Places paws on the perch close to each other;
- After three months, the males begin to sing;
- Males are more active than females;
- The standard color is a gray body and a yellow head with a bright circle on the cheek;
It should be noted that it will be wrong to determine the sex of a parrot only by the color of the plumage. There are several species of cockatiels, which may differ in plumage color and do not meet the standards for accurate and unambiguous sex determination.
The male at an early age may have exactly the same stripes and spots on the tail and wings. But after the first molt, they disappear. Therefore, after molting, carefully examine the cockatiel again.
Why you need to determine the sex of the cockatiel
If you have a parrot as a pet and do not plan to breed them, determining the sex of the parrot is not so important. Even a name for a parrot can be found in the middle, which will suit both the female and the male.
Most often, owners want to know the sex of the parrot anyway. Features in behavior play an important role. If you have enough time to pay attention to the parrot, males are most often chosen. They are more active than females, it is more interesting to spend time with them, they quickly and more often make contact with humans. After all, taming a cockatiel parrot to your hands is a rather long process that requires patience. The male, with rare exceptions, will be easier to interest in toys, or a treat for a parrot and establish contact.
But even buying a parrot with a mark, whether it is a male or a female, do not give up trying to determine the sex of the cockatiel yourself. DNA analysis will help to find out the sex of the cockatiel. But he will not give a 100% guarantee either.
In nature, there are several species of cockatiels, the color of which will not help you in the least to determine the sex of the parrot. These include black-winged, black, shecky, harlequin, and variegated species.
Observing the behavior of birds will help determine whether a cockatiel is a male or a female. Males are more active and sing songs. They start singing from the age of three months. In addition to songs, male cockatiels love to knock on objects, they are generally very noisy and active. Females sit on top even outside the mating period. They get used to hands faster and will happily sit on your arms or shoulder. Males fold their wings with a heart.
Females are calm, and how the female cockatiel screams little resembles singing.
Body structure. Female cockatiels have a small hump on the back. They have two to three times as many long feathers on their wings. Sitting in a cage, the female will sit huddled and spread her legs wide, while the male, on the contrary, sits stately, showing his activity. The crest of the female is equal to the width of the head, while in the male it is narrow.
Genetic method. To do this, you need to remember the course of genetics and know the dominant colors. The dominant trait is natural, lutino and cinnamon are recessive. If you don’t remember the basics of genetics, a genetic calculator will help you. But remember if you have the same male and female, do not expect that all chicks will be the same, the male may carry a hidden recessive trait.
DNA test. Until recently, this method was considered 100% in the question of sex determination, but recent studies have shown that the reliability of this method for cockatiels is 60%. Considering the cost of research, it is not worth using it.
Egg production. If your bird has laid eggs, then 100% is a female.
A photo with differences will help you determine the sex of the cockatiels.
Parrot cockatiel how to distinguish a male from a female
Cockatiel parrots have a bright color and an unusual appearance. Like most representatives of wildlife, males always have a brighter color. In any case, sex determination can begin at 3.5 months of age. What kind of signs indicate gender, let’s try to figure it out.
The simplest sex determination will be in individuals that have undergone juvenile molt and acquired their permanent color. Especially if the bird has a natural color. The male cockatiel has bright red cheek spots, an even coloration, a yellow head and a more voluminous crest. The female cockatiel has white spots on the inside of the wings and tail, the color is not so bright, and the cheeks are more orange than red. With alternative colors, it is about the same.
Albino males and white males have whiter plumage than females. Females, in turn, have yellow spots on the inside of the wings and tail in albinos, and marble in white individuals. In lutino parrots, the colors and cheeks are the same for both sexes, but the females have dark yellow spots under the tail and under the wings. At the cheek, sex determination is possible only before juvenile molt. If after molting the color remains the same, then this is a female.
How to tell a female from a male cockatiel
How to determine the age of a cockatiel
The age of cockatiels can be determined, like other parrots up to a year, then only an old bird can be determined or not.
Juveniles have smooth legs, black eyes without irises, rare feathers on a crest, a short tail, and sloppy plumage, rare feathers can stick out to the sides before molting. The chicks are more fluffy, they still cannot take good care of themselves, so they do everything slowly and awkwardly. At the age of three months, the chicks begin to sing.
In adults, the horny layers become coarse, an iris appears in the eyes, and the plumage after juvenile molt becomes even and shiny. The crest in adults is thicker and longer, so is the tail.
The size of the bird won’t tell you anything. In a month, chicks acquire the size of an adult.
It is worth remembering that these signs refer to healthy individuals, so in some diseases the wax and paws can coarse and peel off.
Plumage on your pet can help. Males from the year of natural flowers have a yellow head, and chicks of a uniform color. Up to half a year, chicks of this color have splashes of yellow in the tail. The same rule applies for pearl barley and cinnamon colors.
Growing up of a cockatiel parrot