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Decorative Turtles Small Home Care

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Water purification in the aquaterrarium

Aquatic turtles mainly feed on rapidly perishable food. In addition, the secretions of these animals significantly pollute the water. Previously, the owners of these pets had to change the water several times a week. However, their care has now become much easier thanks to the advent of a variety of modern filters.

Turtle aquaterrariums are a great decorative element that can decorate almost any interior.

In small aquariums with small fish, ordinary internal filters equipped with a sponge are installed. Many models of such filters are suitable for small reservoirs. They do an excellent job with fairly small and large dirt particles.

Recently, special devices that simplify the care of aquaterrariums, such as “biological filters”, have become popular. They use special bacteria that are used to remove nitrogen compounds.

Aquatic turtles: how to care and keep at home?

Aquatic turtles are more popular as pets than land turtles.

Caring for a water or sea turtle consists in creating certain conditions for its full existence. An ordinary container of water is not enough for such a pet. it needs to be provided with enough light, heat and oxygen. Therefore, before you get an aquarium with a turtle, you need to know how to care for it.

How to arrange a turtle shelter?

As a rule, red-eared turtles are kept at home. The home for her is an aquarium, which has a small piece of land or an aquaterrarium. The shore or land for the sea turtle must be equipped with an accessible approach to it so that the animal can always climb onto it without obstacles.

The shore must be designed in such a way that the water flowing from the turtle cannot stagnate in it. The water turtle should be able to dry its shell. A heating lamp with a power of forty to sixty watts is installed at a height of twenty-five to thirty centimeters above the land area. Do not place the lamp below, as the turtle may overheat.

Caring for such a pet requires a sufficiently large home. If the aquarium will contain several animals, its dimensions must correspond.

Taking care of large individuals will be much more difficult, since their maintenance will require housing in excess of several hundred liters. When buying an aquarium for a turtle, it is worth remembering that some breeds can grow up to 18-28 centimeters.

A domestic turtle can be kept in both a glass and a plastic aquaterrarium, in which an aquarium filter and heater must be installed, corresponding in capacity to the volume of water injected. Caring for a red-eared turtle requires compliance with the correct temperature regimes: the optimal water temperature is at 26 degrees and the air on the coast is at least thirty degrees.

For aquatic turtles, it is necessary to use an aquaterrarium, and in no case should they be kept on free grazing. that is, on the floor or in other “natural” conditions.

The turtle will need an ultraviolet lamp for normal life and growth. Such a device will provide proper care for her, since ultraviolet radiation replaces sunlight, which helps the turtle to absorb calcium. It is best to choose a lamp with 5% UVB.

The turtle should be kept in the aquaterrarium throughout the day. Only during feeding and cleaning her house does the pet sit in another container with water. To ensure proper care of your turtle, do not let it go to the floor, as the animal may become sick or injured.

Turtle feeding

Caring for red-eared turtles requires a proper diet. These pets should feed on lean, raw fish with soft bones. The fish, depending on the size of the animal, is given cut into large or small pieces. The fish will have to be alternated with other seafood, aquarium snails, beef liver or earthworms.

Care for adult red-eared turtles should be the same, however, in their menu it is worth adding plant foods in the form of lettuce leaves, pieces of apple, pear or cucumber. Basically, the aquatic turtle must eat special dry foods.

Pets up to ten centimeters in length are fed every day, while individuals exceeding this size are fed only three times a week. The portion of food is measured from the count of how much the turtle can eat in thirty minutes. When feeding, the turtles will have to be placed in a special container filled with water. This will prevent food from clogging the water in the aquaterrarium.

Possible problems with improper care

If the turtle is not properly looked after, the animal can get sick. Most often, diseases in such pets are manifested by such symptoms as:

  • Lack of appetite;
  • Crooked or soft shell;
  • Constantly closed or puffy eyes;
  • Runny nose;
  • Peeling skin.

A sick animal becomes inactive, begins to spend more time on land, refuses food. In such cases, you should immediately contact a professional doctor. To treat a turtle, you will have to look for a specialist who knows how to treat such pets, because it is very difficult for them to diagnose.

A domestic red-eared turtle can live for about forty years with good care. To do this, it is necessary to provide her with the right living conditions.

Bathing

Land turtle care includes weekly water treatments. In a small container with warm water at a temperature of 30-35 degrees, lower the animal for half an hour. In this case, the head should be above the water. After bathing, wipe the turtle dry.

Precautions

  • Aquarists advise taking the turtle carefully, holding it firmly with both hands. Gently: the animal hisses, bites, pours out the contents of the intestines.
  • The turtle’s bacterial environment is different from ours. They are carriers of Salmonella. If you touch the animal, be sure to wash your hands with soap.
  • Do not wash your pet in the kitchen sink, as well as the aquarium and accessories.
  • Keep your aquarium or terrarium clean, do not let the food accumulate.

Appearance

The turtle at home is exotic, and its appearance is unusual.

  • Head and eyes;
  • Neck;
  • Beak and tongue;
  • Shell;
  • Color;
  • Extremities;
  • Tail;
  • Dimensions.

The head of these reptiles is streamlined and designed so that the animal is able to quickly pull it under the shell. In some species, the length of the neck is equal to the length of the shell.

These animals have a strong and firm beak with bulges inside, with sharp or jagged edges that serve as teeth.

The function of the shell is protection. The dorsal (upper) part is called carapace, the abdominal (lower) part is called plastron.

The size of a turtle is measured by the length of its shell. Determine the length with a ruler even though the surface of the back is uneven.

They grow slowly during life. In adults, the length of the shell is 20-30 cm.

The tail is hidden inside the shell. The tip of the tail in some species is pointed, like a thorn.

Differences between the Central Asian and the red-eared in appearance

AppearanceCentral Asian
ColorYellow-beige color, shapeless dark spots on the shell.The carapace has characteristic stripes of olive, black, yellow.
PlastronDark in color.Smooth, variegated color: dark spots on a yellow background.
HeadUpper jaw hooked.From the eyes to the neck, there are yellow-red lines on both sides, resembling ears.
EyesLocated on the sides of the head in such a way that they look down; small, black.Pointed forward and upward, near the crown.
LimbsThe front legs are flat, designed to dig the ground, and the hind legs are powerful, strong. They have four toes on their front legs with blunt claws.On the feet leathery membranes for swimming.
DimensionsCubs are born 3–3.4 cm long, weighing 10–12 grams. By the second year of life, the size will increase to 5 cm, by the fourth to 9 cm.

Turtle care at home

Lighting

Ultraviolet rays and heat help to absorb calcium and produce B vitamins. Without this, the animal runs the risk of developing rickets, the horny surfaces will be curved.

Purchase

Before you start a turtle, read the description of the care features, purchase everything you need to ensure a comfortable life. Be prepared for the additional costs associated with turtles in your home.

Show your turtle to your vet after purchase. He will determine the age, sex of the animal, examine for the presence of wounds, injuries, infections, diseases.

In a new place, the turtle will need an adaptation period to get used to it. Do not bother her again, provide proper care and nutrition.

READ  What do sea turtles eat at home

Arrangement of living space

Domesticated turtles should not randomly walk around the apartment. Turtles require a separate enclosed space for them: a terrarium or an aquarium with special equipment.

List of required equipment (for all types):

  • Room / container for keeping (terrarium / aquarium);
  • Ultraviolet lamp (for water UVB 5–10%, for land 10–12%);
  • Heater / heating lamp;
  • Lamp;
  • Thermometer for temperature control
  • Stable feeder.

For land turtles, this list includes a sleeping and resting house.

Additional equipment for aquatic species:

  • Water heater 100 Watt;
  • Filter (internal or external);
  • Land / shore / islet.

Although red-eared aquarium turtles spend most of their time in the water, arrange for a warm, dry place on dry land for rest and UV exposure. The turtle will not turn it over if one side is submerged in the water. Requirements for the material for sushi: not toxic, not smooth, but rough, without sharp corners. Observe the following proportion: water. 3 parts by volume, dry. 1 part.

In their natural environment, turtles climb on driftwood, stones, and stable objects protruding from the water. It should also be convenient for them to climb on an artificial shore in the aquarium.

The required volume of the aquarium for the red-eared turtle is from 200 liters. The more spacious the dwelling, the healthier the animal.

For a land one, you need a terrarium with a capacity of 100 liters or more. Full glass or made of wood, but with one wall of transparent material.

Priming

Use hay as substrate in terrariums. it is easy to change. Do not put sand on the bottom as animals will swallow it. A two-layer coating is laid: at the bottom. sand, at the top. large pebbles. The turtle sharpens its claws on her.

Do not put newspapers, expanded clay, sharp stones, cat litter in the terrarium.

Water turtles do not need soil. For aesthetics, place large stones underneath the aquarium. Gravel or other coating will not work, the animal will swallow it.

Clean water, maintained temperature level. the most important thing in keeping aquatic species.

In the water, the red-eared turtle swims, sleeps, eats, and goes to the toilet. Change the water a couple of times a week to prevent the accumulation of ammonia, nitrates and unpleasant odors. In parallel with this, filter.

Let the water stand before replacing so that the chlorine disappears and the temperature returns to room temperature. The comfortable water temperature for them is 22-28 degrees, cooling the temperature below 20 degrees is unacceptable.

For aquarium turtles, the water level exceeds the width of its shell so that they swim, turn over, without touching the bottom.

Outside an aquarium with water, a red-eared turtle will live only a couple of days.

Walking

Bring your turtles to fresh air to get natural sunlight. Take it to the courtyard of a house in the city, take it with you to your summer cottage.

For a walk, try to choose dry, sunny, calm, warm weather. At temperatures below 25 degrees and in other weather conditions, it is better to keep the animal at home.

Take your pet to a clean, quiet area with some shade and vegetation. She will gladly eat fresh clover, plantain, dandelion.

At the cottage for a land turtle, build a special paddock for walking, for a water turtle. your own pool.

Provide constant supervision for the animal during a walk so that it does not eat anything harmful, does not get hurt, does not run away. Protect it from insects, animals, birds, children, overheating and cooling.

When you come home, examine your pet for wounds and contamination. If you get very dirty, wash them.

Decorative red-eared turtle: care features

The ornamental red-eared turtle is one of the most popular domestic freshwater reptiles. In this article, you will learn what equipment is needed to keep turtles, how to care for them, how to feed them, and much more.

Lighting in the aquaterrarium

The decorative red-eared turtle in nature spends a lot of time on the shore, under the rays of the sun. In captivity, they are replaced by a UV lamp. It is installed at a height of about half a meter above the aquaterarium. The first time they turn on the lamp 1-2 times a week for a few minutes, gradually bringing the time to half an hour daily. UV rays disinfect the tortoise shell, without a special lamp, the animal starts to get sick.

The terrarium should also be equipped with a conventional incandescent lamp for lighting and heating. The air temperature on the island should not rise above 30 ° С.

Self-made food

You can make a combination feed yourself. Its composition can vary in different recommendations, but usually it is something like this:

  • Food gelatin (30 g per half glass of water).
  • Fish fillet. 150 g.
  • Squid fillet. 100 g.
  • Milk. 150 ml.
  • Raw chicken egg. 2 pcs.
  • Carrot. 70 g.
  • Apple. 50 g.
  • Cabbage. 50 g.
  • Calcium glycerophosphate. 10 tablets.
  • “Tetravit”. 20 drops.

The mixture can be stored in the refrigerator for a week. Before use, the cut piece must be warmed to room temperature. The specified amount is enough for 7-10 days for an adult turtle. Bone meal or crushed eggshells should be given daily as source of calcium.

If you choose a ready-made commercial food for turtles, then carefully read its composition. Food consisting of only one dried hamarus or bloodworm will not work.

They feed the turtles in the water. The food remaining 20-30 minutes after the meal should be removed from the terrarium.

Are red-eared turtles decorative?

To answer this question, let’s look at what the word “decorative” generally means when applied to pets. The decorative animal does not perform any useful actions, it is turned on only for the purpose of observation and communication. The decorative animal does not guard the house, does not catch mice.

Let’s take a rabbit as an example. There is a wild rabbit, there is a domestic rabbit, which is used for food, and there is a decorative rabbit. For keeping in an apartment as a pet. The word “decorative” is often associated with dwarfism (as many small breed dogs are called decorative), but this attribute is optional. Thus, to the question of whether it is possible to call a red-eared turtle intended for keeping in an apartment decorative, we will answer in the affirmative.

Aquaterrarium

Turtles are often recommended as a simple animal for beginners, and they are inexpensive. 100-150 rubles. But is the red-eared decorative turtle so unpretentious? Home care will require both labor and material costs, because the purchase of the necessary equipment will have to pay 10-20 thousand rubles.

The decorative red-eared turtle can be kept both singly and in a group. It should be noted that to keep one individual, an aquaterrarium with a volume of at least 110 liters is needed. If you decide to purchase multiple turtles, they should be about the same age and size. In a group of only males, conflicts will constantly arise, so pay attention to the sex of the animals in advance.

The water in the aquarium should be warm, 26-28 ° C. The water level in height must exceed the width of the animal’s shell, otherwise the turtle will not be able to feather. You need to change the water 1-2 times a week, if you buy a filter, then you can do this less often. 1-2 times a month. An aquarium heater is required to maintain the temperature.

The land area in the aquaterrarium should be at least 25% of the total area. The coast of the island should rise at an inclination from the very bottom. The land should be located so that even a grown turtle cannot get out into the wild. at least 25 cm from the top edge of the terrarium.

Are red-eared turtles dwarf?

On the net you can find questions: “How to distinguish a red-eared turtle from a decorative one?”, “Are red-eared turtles dwarf?” and so on. D. The fact is that some unscrupulous sellers, they can even be called scammers, sell ordinary red-eared turtles, passing off as dwarfs and calling them decorative. They give recommendations for care. feed dried hamarus once every 4 days or feed young animals 1-2 times a week.

Indeed, turtles bought from such sellers and living in the recommended conditions do not grow. How long can a red-eared decorative turtle not eat? The animal may starve for up to several weeks, but the owner will think that this is normal, because the seller advised to feed less often! Turtles live in constant hunger, they do not have enough energy to grow, only to maintain a semblance of life. Animals die after a few years from exhaustion.

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If you bought a “dwarf decorative” red-eared turtle, which, according to the seller, will never grow up and remain the same small and cute, then you should be deceived. Such turtles do not exist. Now let’s talk about what a red-eared turtle is, how to care for it and how to feed it properly.

Description

The decorative red-eared turtle came to us from the northeastern part of Mexico and the southern states of the United States. Thanks to its unpretentiousness, the habitat of red-eared turtles has expanded quite significantly. It can be found today in Europe, Africa, Asia and Australia.

The turtle got its name from two red (sometimes orange or yellow) spots behind the eyes. Turtles grow relatively small. up to 30 cm in diameter, but giants can also be found. up to 60 cm. In the first 2 years of life, the turtle grows intensively. up to 10 cm per year! With age, growth slows down, and the animal’s shell adds 1-2 cm per year.

The lower part of the carapace is dark with yellow stripes and edging, and the color of the upper part changes with age and can be in various shades of green. from dark green to olive and even yellow-brown.

Food

How to feed a decorative red-eared turtle? In order for the turtle to actively grow and be healthy, it needs to eat well. At a young age, turtles prefer animal food, with age they begin to eat more and more plant foods.

  • Poultry, beef, horse meat (pork and lamb are not suitable because of their fat content).
  • By-products (liver, heart, lungs, stomach, etc.).
  • Lean fish (kept in hot water for several minutes) or small live fish, shrimp, squid.
  • Snail meat.
  • Insects. Not poisonous! Grasshoppers, caterpillars, beetles, mealworms, bloodworms, koretra, large daphnia.
  • Live or dried hamarus.
  • Aquatic plants. duckweed, hornwort, ceratopteris, ludwigia.
  • Vegetables and herbs. cucumber, lettuce, clover, dandelion.

The main mistakes of the owners of red-eared turtles

So, a decorative red-eared turtle has appeared in your house. Caring for this animal is not as easy as it seems. Very often, new owners are poorly guided in the peculiarities of keeping the animal. Let’s consider their main mistakes.

  • “For a small turtle, a small aquarium.” This reasoning is fundamentally wrong. The animal should swim freely at any age, and turtles grow very quickly.
  • “A water turtle can live in a regular aquarium without sushi” is another mistake. A red-eared turtle without an island of land will simply drown!
  • “UV lamp is optional.” Once again, no, without UV rays, the turtle will suffer from vitamin D deficiency and begin to hurt.
  • You cannot feed the turtle the same thing, for example, only meat or only gamarus. The diet should be varied.
  • You cannot run water in the aquaterrarium. It must be clean, no mud or film! Young animals may refuse food in dirty water.
  • Do not remove peeling plates from the shell, no need to clean it with a stiff brush.
  • Do not buy at the same time two males or turtles that are significantly different in size, they will fight, conflict. And constant stress will lead to illness.
  • Do not hibernate your turtle yourself. At home, while maintaining the recommended temperature, the turtle will not hibernate.
  • All accessories for cleaning the aquarium should be separate, it is unacceptable to use sponges with which you clean the room or kitchen.
  • Do not keep your turtle in the same tank as your fish unless they are reptile food.
  • Keep your turtle on the floor for a walk, it can catch cold quickly.

Closing turtles

This species of small turtles includes several subspecies, such as silt red-cheeked, musky common, silt yellow-mouthed and musky keel. In the natural environment, they can be found in South and North America, as well as in the United States. All turtles have a rounded carapace with a rib-like outgrowth of the neck plate. In case of danger, the turtle closes the hole, which makes it more protected. Silt turtles are characterized by webbed feet.

The diet of turtles is dominated by animal food, but they also eat plant food with pleasure. The yellow-cheeked turtle grows to a length of about 13 cm, and the red-cheeked turtle. no more than 11 cm in length.

Flat turtles

The limit of their growth is 8-9 cm. Turtles have an extended muzzle and a proportional head size. There are small protective shields on the neck. Carapace is oval and slightly elongated forward with a slight bulge. Each foot has 4-5 toes.

Flat turtles have several subspecies:

  • Homopus boulengeri;
  • Homopus areolatus;
  • Homopus signatus;
  • Homopus femoralis;
  • Homopus solus.

They differ in the color of carapace, which can have brown, olive and other shades. As a rule, females are somewhat larger than males. The female can lay up to 4 eggs in one clutch.

Little domesticated aquatic turtles

Spotted turtles

This type of turtles belongs to amphibians, as they thrive both in water and on land. It grows in length by no more than 12 cm.For normal keeping, turtles need to have a piece of sushi in the aquarium for rest.

Chinese three-keeled turtles

This type of turtle is recommended for beginners, as it is unpretentious in care and undemanding to food. They can grow up to 13 cm in length.To contain them, you need an aquarium with a capacity of up to 100 liters.

Most interestingly, in some countries it is forbidden to keep these turtles at home.

Variety of aquatic little turtles

If turtles grow in length by no more than 12-13 cm, then they are considered small. In this case, several types of them can be distinguished:

  • Locking;
  • Spotted;
  • Flat;
  • Chinese three-keel.

Conditions of keeping various types of turtles

Silt turtles spend almost their entire lives in water and can only rarely be seen on land. Therefore, an aquarium with a capacity of 50-70 liters is suitable for them. To make the conditions close to natural, soil is poured onto the bottom of the aquarium and aquatic plants are planted, although this is not necessary. The main thing is that at the bottom there is an object that serves as a shelter for the turtle. It can be a driftwood or an earthen pot, but heat treated for greater stability. The water temperature is maintained at 22-25 ° C. It is not recommended to keep males of different ages in the same aquarium. Closing turtles value their territory and can attack smaller turtles.

Flat bugs are difficult to housekeep. Therefore, for those who are not sure that they will be able to take care of them properly, one piece of advice can be given. it is better not to acquire or torment a small animal. If you follow all the recommendations and tips, then these turtles can live in captivity for a long time.

Flat turtles are not resistant to infectious diseases, therefore it is recommended to keep them separate from other turtles. Thus, you can extend their life, as well as stimulate them to reproduce. But for this to happen, they need to organize hibernation with certain temperature conditions, otherwise the males will not show their interest in females. Turtles sleep for 2 months, at a temperature of no more than 10 ° C. Flat turtles feed on plant food. They love warmth very much. The water temperature should be within 15-18 ° C. There should be small stones at the bottom of the aquarium, no more than 2 cm in layer.

Spotted turtles are complicated by the fact that they prefer animal food, so you need to think carefully about whether they can be provided with aquatic insects, tadpoles, worms of various origins, small crustaceans, etc.

Chinese three-keeled turtles are quite voracious pets. Their diet includes a standard range of turtle foods, both animal and vegetable. To be more confident that the turtle is consuming a sufficient amount of nutrients, vitamin supplements should be introduced into the diet. This type of turtles can withstand temperature differences from 12 ° C to 30 ° C. But this does not mean at all that their content should be approached from these data. It’s better to experiment and not expose the animal to certain risks.

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How to determine the sex of a small water turtle, as well as get information about their content, if you watch the corresponding video.

It is quite interesting to have small turtles at home. But one interest alone cannot get a lot of positive emotions. To get the result, you need to invest something and that something is caring for small animals. In addition to the aquarium, light, heat and food are also required.

Flat (Platemys platycephala)

It is a species of the family of snake-necked turtles, and also the only representative of the flat turtle species. The usual body length is 14-15 centimeters, rare specimens reach eighteen.

This cute variation of the little aquarium turtles features an orange-yellow crown-like head pattern. Carapax for babies is dark brown with yellow edging, and the plastron is painted in yellow tones. This color scheme often plays a decisive role in deciding whether to keep this species at home.

The only species of the genus flat turtles to which some other species of the family were previously attributed.

The flat turtle has a long neck with small spines. The dark tail and paws contrast beautifully with the variegated color of the smooth and somewhat flattened shell. The chin is adorned with a cute antennae.

This species often lives at home due to its bright appearance and calm nature. Flat turtles can be kept multiple in one tank. The calm atmosphere can only be disturbed by males during the mating season.

Musk (Sternoterus)

It is a representative of the genus of silt turtles, and the smallest specimen. Its length does not exceed fourteen centimeters, and the average size of the shell is seven centimeters.

A feature of the structure of the musk turtle is a long neck. She can easily reach her hind legs with her jaw. Its shell is smooth, but at an early age, it has three well-distinguishable grooves. The turtle has a dark solid color, only on the head there are light stripes.

This turtle has a long neck

In its natural environment, this waterfowl species lives in the south and east of the United States, much less often in Canada. Small reptiles prefer freshwater reservoirs with muddy bottoms. They spend most of their lives in the water.

Reeves pond turtle

The carapace of the Reeves pond turtle can be of different colors: yellow-brown, dark brown, black. Feet and neck are usually black, gray-green or olive in color with white or yellow lines on the sides.

This type of small domestic turtles has a peaceful nature. Several specimens are allowed in one aquarium. The pond turtle is diurnal and can give a lot of funny moments to its owners. Very quickly tamed, each copy has an individual character.

Similar turtles are peaceful

The Reeves pond turtle is native to China and Japan, less often individuals are found in Taiwan and Korea. The natural habitats are ponds and streams. On sunny days, Reeves loves to crawl out onto clay and sandy shoals.

Rules for the care and maintenance of small domestic turtles

In the modern world, pets can be not only cats or dogs, but also decorative reptiles. Very exotic, but no less beloved, little turtles often become family pets. They cannot ruin furniture and do not take up much space. Turtles are not source of wool, and if properly cared for, the owners will not face allergy and odor problems.

Turtles have no wool

Diet

The simple rules for caring for a water turtle presuppose, first of all, proper nutrition. It must be remembered that you should only feed your beloved pet in water. The meal is first taken twice a day and gradually decreases to once. After the turtle reaches the age of two, it will be enough to feed it twice a week.

The diet of baby turtles may contain:

  • Vegetables. zucchini, carrots, cucumbers;
  • Fruits. bananas, pears, apples;
  • Seafood. low-fat fish, shrimp, mussels;
  • Raw or boiled meat. chicken, beef, liver;
  • Greens. mint, clover, dandelion leaves, alfalfa;
  • Earthworms, beetles, snails, crickets, locusts;
  • Mineral supplements, eggshells, shell rock, bone meal;
  • Sunflower seeds and sprouted wheat.

Don’t forget about the right diet for these turtles

The turtle needs to warm up before eating to improve its digestion. You should also include pear or apple twigs in the diet, since to prevent jaw deformation, the animal must gnaw.

Do not leave food residues in the water. Often, the owners prefer to feed the waterfowl turtles with dry food. This is not recommended as the animals need natural food.

Variety of choices

Small turtles are usually seven to thirteen centimeters long. When buying a water baby about five centimeters, you need to understand in advance that it may slightly increase in size over time. Several types of turtles are well suited for quick adaptation to home content.

Spotted (Clemmys guttata)

A fairly common species of turtles among exotic lovers. Domestic water little beauties are recognizable by yellow spots located along the entire plane of the carapace. the dorsal shield of the turtle’s shell. Such spots are also present on the head, neck and legs.

This species can reach a maximum length of twelve centimeters. This turtle has a rather short neck. In spotted turtles, the abdominal carapace (plastron) is creamy yellow with large black spots throughout the area.

In their natural environment, these creatures inhabit almost the entire Atlantic coast of the United States. Rarely found in Canada. In wildlife conditions, they prefer swamps, small rivers with a silted bottom, swampy woodlands. They hibernate on the muddy bottom of reservoirs.

12 cm. the maximum height of this turtle

Care advice

For a comfortable and healthy life of a pet, the owner needs to be able to care for a water turtle. It is desirable to bring her living conditions as close as possible to the natural habitat.

There are a number of recommendations for the care of turtles

Aquatic or semi-aquatic decorative reptiles should be in the water a lot. It is better for the turtle not to walk around the apartment, because there is a high risk of injury and colds.

When caring for a water turtle at home, you should adhere to the following recommendations:

  • The size of the glass aquarium should be at least five times the size of the turtle itself, which needs space. A container with a capacity of 150-200 liters is perfect.
  • The aquarium should be filled with water about ten centimeters for the little turtle. As the animal grows, the water level should increase.
  • It is necessary to immediately install the UV lamp. The distance between the lamp and the aquarium should be one and a half meters. For a small turtle, it can be turned on twice a week for five minutes, then the time should be gradually increased to half an hour.
  • At the bottom of the aquarium under ultraviolet light, you should install large rough stones that will be used by your pet for islands, and rather large branches.
  • The water temperature should be approximately 25 degrees. On land, the temperature regime should not fall below 28 degrees.
  • The water change should be done once a week. Better to use filtered liquid.
  • It is recommended to leave live plants on the surface of the water, which will serve as food for the turtle.
  • It is recommended to keep the food bowl outside the tank.
  • The animal sometimes needs to be removed from the aquarium, and in the summer you can take it out for a short time.

If these recommendations are followed, the little turtle will be grateful to its owner and will give unforgettable emotions. The absence of diseases, mobility and good mood will definitely be transferred from the exotic inhabitant to its owner.

In this video, you will learn more about the diet of these turtles: