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DIY Bird Plucking Tool

Centrifuge-based pinching devices

A device for plucking poultry, operating on the principle of a centrifuge, is a container of predominantly round shape, on the inner side surface and the bottom of which the beating fingers are fixed. The bottom of such a container rotates at a high speed during the plucking process, which ensures constant contact of the loaded poultry carcasses with the biting fingers. As a result, the bird is quickly released from the feather. To make such a device work more efficiently, during the plucking process, water is supplied to its inner part, which, in addition, washes away the already plucked feather and protects the bird carcasses from damage.

Feeder centrifuges are available in various designs

Depending on the size and technical characteristics of the plucking centrifuge, this device can be used to process poultry carcasses of various sizes. So, small devices are suitable for plucking chickens, quails and ducks, and larger pluckers, which consume more electricity, are used for processing goose and turkey carcasses.

Feather remover

Do-it-yourself feathering machine: making an economical option

Required details:

  • Pipe billet (required diameter. 10-12 cm);
  • Rigid material (for the bottom of the structure).

The initial stage is threading the hairpin and tightening the pipe. It is carried out with nuts. The final stage is equipping the structure with fingers.

DIY poultry plucking attachment

The question of how a do-it-yourself nozzle for plucking poultry is made, most often arises from owners of small farms, who often have to deal with such a routine procedure as freeing bird carcasses from feathers and fluff. This work is especially tedious in cases where it is not required to pluck large chickens or turkeys, but quails.

The problem of tedious plucking of a bird is solved by purchasing or making a special device on your own.

On the modern market there are several types of devices specifically designed for plucking poultry. They demonstrate high efficiency in the event that poultry carcasses, which need to be cleaned of feathers and fluff, are pre-scalded with boiling water.

The principle of operation of most of such devices is based on the fact that the plucked bird is affected by special punching fingers. rubber pins, on the surface of which a notch of a special shape is applied. It is these pins that, when plucking chickens, quails or any other bird, grab a feather and pull it out of the skin.

The poultry fingers are soft for less damage to the carcass. Firmer fingers are designed for waterfowl and wild birds

As mentioned above, today several types of plucking equipment are offered, each of which is worth dwelling on.

DIY feathering attachment for plucking poultry

Any hunter or mistress of a small chicken coop faced the problem of bird plucking. The fact is that the process of removing bird feathers is a rather difficult task that takes a lot of time. It is difficult to remove plumage from birds, even if there is only one bird, but what about hunters or owners of small poultry farms? The volumes there are several times larger, and it is not at all an option to remove feathers from poultry with your hands. It is in such cases that the poultry plucking attachment will help. It is important to understand that this is not a large industrial feather removal machine, but a small and compact electric drill attachment.

Do-it-yourself drill attachment for plucking birds

I remember my childhood, in which every autumn my grandmother reduced the number of chickens and ducks. Manual plucking of a bird took a lot of time and effort, it’s a pity that there were no feathering attachments for a drill at that time.

bird, plucking, tool

Feathering machines were already there at that time, but they were quite expensive, and they were bought only by those who were engaged in growing poultry for sale in large quantities, and for plucking 30-40 pieces a year there was no particular point in purchasing, but feathering the nozzle would have come in handy. But what happened was. Now I just want to share how you can make such a nozzle with your own hands.

To make it, you need: a piece of pvc pipe or a slip-on sleeve with a diameter of 100-110 mm, a rivet on the pipe sleeve and biting fingers, say 12 pieces.

Then everything is simple. In the plug, we make a hole for the bolt strictly in the center. In principle, a bolt can be used with any diameter, but I advise at least 8mm and at least 5 cm long, so that it can be well fixed in the drill chuck. So, insert the bolt into the hole and fix it with washers and a nut. Then in the sleeve we make holes for the biting fingers and insert them. It is better to make the holes not in a chaotic order, although if there are a lot of fingers, you can poke them at random, but if they are, as in my example in Figure 12, then it is better to make holes observing a certain “pattern” (for example, the number 5 on a dice ). After all the fingers have taken their places, we put a plug on the coupling and fix it with several screws. The feathering nozzle is ready, you can take a drill and start plucking.

There is another option for making a similar nozzle, but I like it less, as it looks flimsy. It uses a canned food or coffee can instead of a sleeve and plug. The bottom is the same plug, a hole is made in it for a bolt that will be inserted into the cartridge, and in the walls of the can there are holes for the punch fingers.

Where and for how much to buy the attachment? How to DIY a Feather Drum

The feathering drum works on the same principle as the poultry plucking attachment, but it is longer and, accordingly, the presence of a support axis at the free end. This plucking drum is driven by an electric motor and a belt drive.

Making a drum for plucking poultry is not difficult. To do this, you need:

  • A drum of any length with two axles (on the side surface of such a drum, it is necessary to drill holes in which rubber punch fingers will be fixed);
  • The bed or frame on which the feather drum will be installed;
  • Low power electric motor;
  • Belt drive elements. pulleys and belt;
  • Feather collection bag that hangs from the bottom of the device frame.

Homemade drill based feathering drum

A similar plucking machine can be used to process poultry carcasses such as chicken, quail, goose, turkey, etc.

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Drum Pickers

Drum pickers are common devices (including those for home use). They represent a precisely centered drum, on the outer surface of which the beater fingers are fixed. During the plucking process, the poultry carcass is brought to a rotating drum, which can have different lengths. It should be noted that it is not very convenient to use drum devices for plucking small poultry.

A budgetary option for a device of this type is a drum attachment for a drill for plucking a bird. Such attachments, although they are universal, are not very convenient to use. To process a poultry carcass with such a device, you have to hold it with one hand, and with the other. a power tool that drives the nozzle into rotation.

A simple pinch attachment consists of an aluminum body with holes for pins and a shaft for attaching a drill or screwdriver to the chuck

It should be borne in mind that the drum-type feathering nozzle allows you to pluck only one carcass of poultry at a time, so for farms where you need to pluck several birds at once, it is better to purchase other types of devices. These are, in particular, centrifuge-based scrapers, or larger and more efficient drum devices, driven not by a power tool, but by a separate drive.

An even more budgetary device for this purpose is a drill attachment for plucking, the working body of which is not a drum with beating fingers, but a sponge with a reinforced washing surface. Although this nozzle looks primitive, it is quite effective for plucking poultry or wild birds.

Serial feathering equipment and special devices for plucking poultry are purchased mainly by farms and private entrepreneurs who regularly sell their products on the market or in retail chains. Many of those who breed poultry only for their own needs make such devices with their own hands from improvised materials, using for this only factory beat fingers, which today can be purchased at a low price. You can make your stylus device reliable only if you purchase high-quality biting fingers, which will last much longer than do-it-yourself ones.

Centrifuge-based pinching devices

The device for plucking poultry, operating on the principle of a centrifuge, is a container of predominantly round shape, on the inner side surface and the bottom of which the beating fingers are fixed. The bottom of such a container rotates at a high speed during the plucking process, which ensures constant contact of the loaded poultry carcasses with the biting fingers. As a result, the bird is quickly released from the feather. To make such a device work more efficiently, during the plucking process, water is supplied to its inner part, which, in addition, washes away the already plucked feather and protects the bird carcasses from damage.

Feeder centrifuges are available in various designs

Depending on the size and technical characteristics of the plucking centrifuge, this device can be used to process poultry carcasses of various sizes. So, small devices are suitable for plucking chickens, quails and ducks, and larger pluckers, which consume more electricity, are used for processing goose and turkey carcasses.

DIY feather drill bit: manufacturing instructions and video

The question of how a do-it-yourself nozzle for plucking poultry is made, most often arises from owners of small farms, who often have to deal with such a routine procedure as freeing bird carcasses from feathers and fluff. This work is especially tedious in cases where it is not required to pluck large chickens or turkeys, but quails.

The problem of tedious plucking of a bird is solved by purchasing or making a special device on your own.

On the modern market there are several types of devices specifically designed for plucking poultry. They demonstrate high efficiency in the event that poultry carcasses, which need to be cleaned of feathers and fluff, are pre-scalded with boiling water.

The principle of operation of most of such devices is based on the fact that the plucked bird is affected by special punching fingers. rubber pins, on the surface of which a notch of a special shape is applied. It is these pins that, when plucking chickens, quails or any other bird, grab a feather and pull it out of the skin.

The poultry fingers are soft for less damage to the carcass. Firmer fingers are designed for waterfowl and wild birds

As mentioned above, today several types of plucking equipment are offered, each of which is worth dwelling on.

Homemade feather bits for power tools

The do-it-yourself drill attachment, which can also be used in conjunction with a screwdriver or grinder, is easy to manufacture. The main element of such a device is a drum, which must be characterized by a sufficiently high rigidity. To make your own hands for plucking poultry, you can use the following algorithm.

  • To a section of a thick-walled pipe made of light metal, a bottom is attached with screws or welding, in the central part of which a hole is pre-drilled.
  • A hairpin is inserted into the hole in the bottom of the drum, which is fixed with two nuts. When choosing the diameter of such a pin, it should be borne in mind that it must be securely fixed in the chuck of the power tool used to drive the feather bit.
  • Several rows of holes are drilled on the side surface of the drum along its entire circumference. They should be performed at the same distance from each other.
  • Rubber striking fingers are tucked into the holes obtained.

If a suitable engine is lying around on the farm, then on its basis a more powerful device for plucking will turn out

Such a feather plucking nozzle, despite the simplicity of its design, can be used for processing chickens, quails, ducks, geese and even turkeys. Such a nozzle for plucking birds will also come in handy for hunters, who also often face the need to process a large number of bird carcasses.

The simplest nozzle for plucking poultry can be made by hand from a piece of polyethylene pipe with a diameter of 100-120 mm. Two bottoms for such a nozzle can be made not of metal, but of hard plastic or plywood. In the center of both bottoms, holes are drilled through which a pin will be passed, designed not only for installing the nozzle on the power tool, but also for screeding the entire structure. As in the previous model of the homemade nozzle, holes are drilled on the surface of the pipe of this device, into which rubber punch fingers are tucked.

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The most affordable homemade nozzle option

How to DIY a Feather Drum

The feathering drum works on the same principle as the poultry plucking attachment, but it is longer and, accordingly, the presence of a support axis at the free end. This plucking drum is driven by an electric motor and a belt drive.

Making a drum for plucking poultry is not difficult. To do this, you need:

  • A drum of any length with two axles (on the side surface of such a drum, it is necessary to drill holes in which rubber punch fingers will be fixed);
  • The bed or frame on which the feather drum will be installed;
  • Low power electric motor;
  • Belt drive elements. pulleys and belt;
  • Feather collection bag that hangs from the bottom of the device frame.

Homemade drill based feathering drum

A similar plucking machine can be used to process poultry carcasses such as chicken, quail, goose, turkey, etc.

Making a feather remover from an old washing machine

You can make an effective pen-removal device with your own hands from an old activator-type washing machine. The convenience of using the old washing machine for the manufacture of the plucking device lies in the fact that in its lower part there is already a drive, which can be successfully used to transfer rotation to the bottom of the feathering unit. In addition, the tanks of old washing machines are usually made of high quality stainless steel, which is also a big plus.

Two tanks from a washing machine will make an installation with a larger load.

In order to turn the tub of an old washing machine into an efficient feather-removal unit, a rotating type bottom must be mounted above its main bottom, which connects to the activator shaft. Such a bottom can be made from aluminum sheet or other light sheet metal of the required stiffness. It is important to take into account that the diameter of the rotating part should be 5 cm less than the transverse dimension of the tank itself.

It is not recommended to make a larger gap, as the limbs of carcasses of chickens and other birds or even whole quails can fall into it. Before fixing the rotating bottom to the axis of rotation, it is necessary to drill holes in it in which the punching fingers will be fixed. The same holes are drilled on the side walls of the tank.

Inside the homemade product. a stainless steel circle and factory rubber fingers

Plucking poultry in such an installation is carried out using water, therefore, holes must be made in the lower part of the drum of the washing machine to drain the water mixed with the feathers. An ordinary colander can be installed in the gutter through which such water must be removed outside the installation, which will act as a filter element.

It is very important to protect the electric motor from water ingress, therefore the axis of rotation of the movable bottom must be reliably sealed. To ensure a constant supply of water to the plucking unit, you can adapt a plastic hose with holes attached to the inner walls of the drum.

For the stability of the structure, it is better to make a wooden frame

The machine made in the above described way can be used to pluck not only chickens, but also larger poultry. turkeys and fat geese. By the same principle, you can make a plucking unit from a plastic barrel, but in this case, you need to make a frame for it yourself and think over the design of the drive mechanism.

Feather drum

The principle of operation of this device is the same as that of the nozzle, but the drum is longer and is started by an electric motor. For manufacturing you will need:

  • Drum with two axles;
  • The frame in which the drum will stand;
  • Electric motor;
  • Pulleys and belt;
  • Feather bag.

As in the first case, beating fingers are inserted into the holes on the surface of the drum. The drum itself is mounted on an electric motor with low power. Due to the length of the drum, the area of ​​feathers removed increases, therefore, the carcass is processed faster. This is especially true for those who have a lot of birds or often have to handle large birds: geese, turkeys, ducks.

Drum Pickers

This is the most popular type of machine that is used in industrial facilities and small farms. They are distinguished by their low price and ease of use. It is a small drum with bumpy fingers on the outside. It should be used as follows:

  • Fasten the carcass of a bird or hold it in your hand;
  • Bring the attachment to the bird and turn it on;
  • Process until completely free from fluff and feathers.

It is inconvenient to use this unit for working with small birds. Most often, its use is justified for plucking geese, turkeys and chickens. Quails and other small birds are difficult to work with.

You can only work with one carcass at a time. Therefore, large poultry farms rarely use these devices in their work. Most often, farmers create an analogue of this machine on their own. It is worth considering the basic methods of creating scrapers from improvised means.

What attracts the nozzle

Special attachments allow you to automate the process and process more carcasses during the working day. Here are its main advantages:

  • Increase in productivity;
  • Reduced labor costs;
  • Reducing the cost of the final product;
  • No thermal processing of poultry.

That is why it is very popular in large production facilities. There are several types of machines on the market that use different principles for influencing poultry. That is why you need to understand how each type works in order to choose the best option.

There are models on the market for different types of birds. This is especially true for plucking turkeys and quails. They are quite difficult to process manually or using a centrifuge. Turkeys may not fit into the device, and quails, due to their small stature, are lost in it.

Making a drum for removing a feather

To create a drum of a feathering machine, you need a beater.

For a homemade construction, you need to purchase about 100 pieces of beats.

There are several sizes of bump fingers. Large size is required for handling goose, small thumbs are used for cleaning quail.

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The existing types of beels are presented in the table:

AppointmentDescription of beat fingers
For small birdsLength. 4.5-5.5 cm, diameter. 1 cm. The advantage is the presence of horizontal notches. Used for partridges, quails
For removing feathers from chickens and ducksLength. 9.7 cm. The main advantage is the removal of the main plumage and small down. Does not damage the skin of birds
Universal viewThey are used for large birds: geese, broilers, turkeys. Characteristics: optimal level of rigidity, the presence of large notches. Part length. 9.3 cm
Parts for industrial equipmentManufacturing material. high strength rubber. They are used for devices of linear-roter type (industrial production). Finger sizes: length. 14 cm, diameter. 1.95 cm
Details for raking out feathersMethod of application: mounted on a rotating disc. Removes plucked feathers effectively

Homemade centrifuge for collecting poultry feathers

In this case it is necessary to use an old washing machine. The advantages of this mechanism are that it is possible to reduce labor costs and process several carcasses at once. Also, such a machine can work not only with chickens and geese, but also with large birds such as turkeys. Hunters who go to the black grouse can also use this device at home.

Here’s how to make a pen-dispenser from a washing machine:

  • A rotating bottom must be attached to the bottom, which must have a connection with the activator shaft. It must be quite tough, so aluminum is recommended. The diameter of the rotating ring must be made 50 mm less than the diameter of the main tank.
  • Hammer fingers are inserted into the bottom through pre-drilled holes.
  • Fixing the bottom with clamps or by welding. However, it cannot be removed after welding. It is recommended to make a removable bottom, as sometimes the limbs of the carcass remain between it and the rotating circle. They can give off an unpleasant odor during the decomposition process, and it will be problematic to remove them when using welding.
  • Installation of burgers around the perimeter of the washing machine tank.
  • Creation of a small hole to drain the water used in poultry processing. A sieve or gauze can be installed in the gutter so that the water leaves and the feathers remain.
  • Organization of engine protection from water.

After completing these steps, you can start processing the carcasses. It should be noted that it is quite difficult to create a centrifuge on your own, based on the description.

Homemade mechanisms for plucking birds

Many are trying to save money on buying specialized devices by creating them on their own. There are several ways to create a poultry processing unit. In practice, they are in no way inferior to those produced in factories. It is worth considering them in more detail to choose the most preferable.

Chicken pick

Feather drum

It works the same way as the attachment, but allows you to collect all the feathers in a bag at once. Thus, they can be used in the future for implementation or for personal purposes. It is quite simple to create it if you follow this algorithm:

  • Creation of a drum with two axles of any diameter with drilling holes on it for the beating fingers;
  • Using a frame or bed to secure the drum;
  • Low power motor that will drive the mechanism;
  • Belts for organizing the operation of the device;
  • A bag at the bottom of the machine that will trap feathers and down.

Pick head

As in the previous case, the farmer needs to work with each carcass separately.

Homemade drum-based pickers

Typically, a conventional drill is used as the moving element. One makes about the same number of rotations per minute, allowing you to get rid of fluff and feathers from poultry. It is also necessary to make a special drum to which the hitting fingers will be attached. It must have a sufficient level of rigidity.

To make a device yourself you need:

    Take a metal pipe with thick walls and weld the bottom to it, making a hole in it. Attachment to the drill will take place through it. Then insert a stud into the hole and fix it with two nuts. It is necessary to select the pin so that it can be securely enough fixed in the chuck of the electric drill.

Feeder tube

Prong fingers for a homemade plucker can be of different materials. But rubber is best, as it allows you to achieve the desired result without damaging the poultry carcass.

Barrel Feather

The process of making a pincher:

  • Finding a barrel made of plastic. Dimensions: height. 1 meter, width. 70 cm.The barrel must be durable.
  • Punching in the bottom of the hole. The goal is to fit fingers made of rubber.
  • Making a frame for the main parts of the machine. Required materials. boards, corners made of metal. The metal frame is more reliable.
  • Placing the drum in a prefabricated frame.
  • Adding another bottom to the bottom. The purpose of the second layer is to fasten the rotating installation.
  • Electric motor connection (required power. 1.5 kW). A stand is made for the motor (the purpose is to protect one of the main parts of the machine). Install the motor away from the rotating drum.

Making a feathering machine with your own hands. saving money. The created structure in its properties is not inferior to analogs manufactured in a special industrial production.

Poultry plucking attachment is essential for farmers to collect feathers and down from carcasses. There are many special machines on the market that allow you to get the job done quickly. You can also create a nozzle yourself from scrap materials. It is necessary to understand what is the fundamental difference between a homemade and a purchased car in order to make the right choice.

Poultry plucking attachment

Step by step instructions: