home Aquarium DIY magnetic scraper for aquarium

DIY magnetic scraper for aquarium

Purpose and types

The plaque on glass is caused by microscopic algae that invariably appear in an artificial reservoir, even with good care. They cover not only walls, but also decorative elements and ground. With a large accumulation of organic formations harm aquatic life.

magnetic, scraper, aquarium

  • too active lighting;
  • excess feed;
  • residues of organic formations.

A special scraper is used to safely remove dirt and plaque. The simplest version of the tool is considered to be a hard-coated sponge, which is attached to a straight stick. The length depends on the size of the artificial reservoir. But there are also complex adaptations:

  • Magnetic scraper.
  • Scraper with blade.
  • Rubber coated device.
  • Combination fixture with two surfaces. sponge and sharp cleaning coating.

In order to understand which device is better, it is worth getting acquainted with the principle of their work, the advantages and disadvantages.

Types of scrapers for cleaning the walls of the aquarium

An artificial pond decorates the apartment and is an interesting addition to the interior. But over time, the plaque appearing on the glass can spoil the impression of a beautiful tank. Sometimes it is not easy to remove it. Requires an aquarium scraper for cleaning.

The tool is a fine mesh sponge. The work area resembles a razor blade. It is almost impossible to damage the glass surface with such a tool. It is great for a herbal aquarium. The device effectively cleans not only the upper part of the side walls, but also the glass at the bottom. The sponge is attached to a plastic clip. It has a wider surface than the blade plate. This is to ensure that sharp edges do not damage the silicone butt seams.

The main advantages of the device include the following characteristics:

  • The blade for the device is made of steel. Such a device does not corrode. But over time, it becomes dull. For replacement, only elements from the manufacturer can be used. Therefore, it is better to choose attachments with a universal machine. In this case, you can use normal razor blades.
  • The scraper makes it possible to remove even old organic deposits. For the best result, it must be tilted towards the tank wall at an angle of 30-40 degrees. In this position, the probability of damaging the surface to be cleaned approaches zero.
  • A scraper with a sharp element may be with a hinged clip. This makes it possible to clean even hard-to-reach places, since the device can be turned in different directions. Such a device is convenient for artificial reservoirs with a large number of decorative elements.

The disadvantages of the blade aquarium scraper include the fact that it is only suitable for ordinary glass panes. If the walls of an artificial reservoir are made of acrylic, it is better not to choose a machine with a steel point. You can choose plastic appliance or acrylic glass machine.

Magnetic scraper

The magnetic scraper is an efficient and easy-to-use device. The principle of operation is in the name. The tool has two flat-surface magnets. During cleaning, the magnets are attracted to each other, effectively cleaning the surface both inside and outside the artificial reservoir.

Attention! The choice of cleaning device is necessary depending on the thickness of the aquarium glass. The thicker, the stronger the magnet of the device should be.

The undoubted advantages of the instrument include:

  • Possibility of external cleaning of the tank. This means that there is no need to put your hands in the water during operation.
  • The device does not emit unpleasant sounds, does not create strong vibrations. Thanks to this, aquatic inhabitants feel calm, do not get scared.
  • Manufacturers make the inside of the magnetic sponge float. It is convenient to use.

Among the disadvantages, one can single out a weak effect when cleaning a large amount of organic deposits, as well as when removing limescale on the walls.

Aquarium scrapers can be easily chosen by both the professional and the beginner in the aquarium hobby. But the main thing to remember: do not wait until the walls of the tank are covered with a thick layer of organic matter. The walls of the container should be cleaned at least once a week. This will keep your aquarium in top condition. If you liked the article, leave comments and share the link to it in social networks.

DIY aquarium grotto

Decorating your aquarium is essential for adding a touch of charm to your interior. Almost all aquascapers are engaged in decorating a home reservoir in order to give it an aesthetic load. However, do not forget that the fish living in the aquarium space need comfort, so the set decorations should be comfortable for them and practical. An excellent way out of the situation is to install a grotto in the aquarium space. Whether it is purchased or made by hand does not matter at all, so every aquarist can afford such a decoration.

Wood grotto

Such an aquarium interior item can be made by any aquascaper from available tools. For this, a stump is used, peeled from the skin and sanded from the outside. These actions are mandatory so that the structure itself does not cause bodily harm to the fish. Next, you need to use a drill to drill a wide hole inside the hemp, according to your own creative idea, and the decorating grotto is ready!

Also, many aquarists, in order to protect their pets, burn the stump with a burner or blowtorch, then the edges of the structure become smoother.

This option for making a grotto in the end result looks natural and organic. It can be glued to the aquarium bottom or attached to a base made by yourself and sprinkled with substrate.

What is the purpose of the grotto

Often there are aquarists who do not have a grotto. This is due to their unwillingness to install such a large-sized decoration in the original aquarium interior. However, in some cases the grotto is indispensable. If weak-tempered pets live in the aquarium space, together with aggressive neighbors, then the grotto serves as a shelter, saving good fish from death. In this case, the mainsail is vital.

How to cut the neck of a glass bottle

  • A strong thread is dipped in gasoline, tightly wrapped in a predetermined area of ​​the bottle and ignited.
  • When the thread is burnt out, we immediately lower the tank into the prepared very cold water.
  • The place where the thread was located interacts with the liquid and breaks off.
  • Next, you need to smooth the edges of the resulting grotto with a small file.

If the thread is fastened at an angle, you get an oblique cut, which looks no less organic.

After the steps taken, the structure is finished, but you can decorate it before acquiring originality. To do this, you can use coarse sand evenly poured over the structure, and coat the outer edges of the bottle with silicone.

Also, for decoration, you can use crushed gravel, which is sprinkled on the bottle; after using it, you will need to let the structure dry. Next, the finished grotto is laid on the aquarium bottom, and sprinkled on the sides with sand.

Features of making a grotto of stones

Making a grotto from stones is the most economical and easy option. Decorated dimensional decorations from river pebbles look good.

To make such a fish shelter, you will need to glue the stones to each other, thereby erecting a hemisphere with an open entrance. If such an element has an irregular decoration, this will only emphasize the features of the aquarium grotto.

  • it will be required to make a large-sized aquarium grotto right in the aquarium, even before it starts, when it is empty;
  • stones should be smooth, preferably rounded;
  • before installing the grotto, boiling the stones is required.

The result is a simple, aesthetically pleasing, functional and practical design. However, the minus of the manufacture of this structure is its fastening directly to the aquarium bottom itself, because in order for the decoration to retain its shape and not be damaged by the impact of a strong fin of a large fish, it must have immobility.

They also invented another method of making a grotto with their own hands from stone material, but it will take more effort and time. To do this, you will need to cut a large hole inside the large stone, resembling a cave. This option is more time consuming, noisy and dusty, but has its own advantages:

  • you can refuse to use gluing and coloring materials;
  • such a decoration element can be installed in any part of the aquarium.

The only requirement for the installation of this grotto is to install the decoration on the substrate, and not on the bottom glass. This is due to the severity of the structure, which, if unevenly gravity, can damage the glass of a home pond.

Requirements for the materials used

As a rule, grottoes can be made of various materials: plastic, glass, ceramics, stones, wood, etc.

If the aquarist chooses to make the decoration with his own hands, then you will need to pay attention to the harmlessness of the material used. This is necessary so that the decoration does not change the composition of the aquarium liquid, and does not destroy the inhabitants living there.

What to look for when choosing a grotto:

  • When choosing stones, it is worth finding out if they contain lime. If so, then this will change the water parameters of hardness and acidity, which is detrimental for some fish.
  • It is required to pay attention to the composition of the material. If it contains a lot of iron, it will stimulate the active growth of unfavorable algae. This will lead to more frequent cleaning of the aquarium, increased filtration and regular restart.
  • It is not recommended to use stones brought from industrial quarries and enterprises in aquarium activities.
  • To make a grotto, you will definitely need some kind of glue. However, experienced aquarists recommend using only silicone sealant.
  • When using ready-made decoration elements, you should take care of their smoothness. They should not have sharp corners or edges. It can injure aquatic life.
  • Avoid using wood that releases resin into the aquarium space. A striking example of this is oak wood products and others.

After a detailed consideration of the features of the choice of materials, you should consider examples of making grottoes with your own hands from various improvised devices.

Making a grotto from glass

The grotto can be made from an ordinary glass bottle with a volume of 0.33 or 0.5 ml (depending on the size of the pets living in the aquarium). Before making a structure from this material, you will need to wash the tank well under hot water.

Magnetic scraper

The Magnetic Aquarium Brush is a tool that cleans the pond glasses well and without difficulty, leaving them perfectly clean and transparent, allowing you to admire fish and vegetation. Externally, the device is represented by magnets held together by a strong magnetic field. Hard fibers are attached to the surface of the first part, located in a thick layer, on the second. a more delicate material. Half with the hard side is placed in the water, and the soft part is left outside the tank. Smoothly moving the scraper, you can quickly and accurately clean the aquarium from plaque.

  • scrapers are made using lightweight materials, so they do not sink to the bottom of the reservoir;
  • no contact with water during use;
  • cleaning glasses with a magnet device is safe for fish and other inhabitants of the tank, and will not cause them stress;
  • when using a brush, you do not need to remove fish, molluscs and plants from the aquarium;
  • the magnetic scraper can be used to remove plaque from acrylic and silicate glasses, which are familiar to those interested in the aquarium hobby.

When choosing a scraper, experienced aquarists first of all pay attention to the density of the pile. it should be hard and thick. Too weak villi will not cope with plaque and will leave traces of dirt on the glass. When placing the device in the aquarium, check for the presence of grains of sand between the plates. if particles of sand are present, then there is a high probability of scratching.

To prevent the scraper with magnets from breaking, do not remove it from the water. This type of brush will not work if the glass is too thick. The only drawback of the device is its inability to remove limestone deposits.

Varieties of scrapers for cleaning the reservoir

In an aquarium, even with good care, tiny algae can appear, which cover the walls, decorations and soil of the reservoir with a build-up. The main reasons for the appearance of plaque can be as follows:

  • powerful lighting;
  • excess feed;
  • organic residues.

The aquarium scraper is a tool with which you can safely remove dirt and deposits from the pond. The simplest and most common type of scraper looks like a dense, stiff sponge attached to a straight stick, the length of which varies depending on the size of the tank, but in recent years there have been many varieties of glass cleaning tools:

  • rubber coated device;
  • a scraper with a blade for removing algae;
  • combined device with a sponge and a blade on two surfaces;
  • magnetic brush.

Blade device

Another popular and common aquarium cleaning device is the scraper with blade, sponge and fine mesh. The principle of operation of the device is the same as that of a razor, and the device itself, equipped with a knife, is safe to use and will not damage glass.

The scraper handle is selected in accordance with the size of the reservoir, and can be made of plastic or metal. The blade itself is made of stainless steel, so corrosion and rust do not appear on the surface. This type of cleaning device can only be used on silicone glasses, and plastic scrapers are used for acrylic sheets.

  • the design of the scraper allows you to clean the pond in corners and hard-to-reach places;
  • blade brush removes even thick layers of plaque.

Magnetic scraper. useful tips and how to do it yourself

In the aquarium environment, the smallest algae often develop, forming an ugly brown-green coating on the walls of the home tank. This spoils the overall impression of the reservoir, complicates the life of the owner and spoils the conditions for keeping fish and shellfish. A magnetic aquarium scraper will help eliminate this problem. it has many advantages, is easy to use and safe to use.

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How to make a DIY Nano Magnetic Algae Scrubber

How to make a scraper with your own hands

Algae bloom in an artificial reservoir is a rather unpleasant thing. It is necessary to fight with it, otherwise, if cleaning is not carried out in a timely manner, fish and plants may die, so it will be useful for every aquarist to know how to make a brush to remove unpleasant algae.

If there is no opportunity to purchase a cleaning device, then you can make a do-it-yourself aquarium scraper. To clean a small reservoir, use a dense sponge with stiff bristles or an ordinary razor attached to the handle with a fishing line or wire.

You can make a scraper for an aquarium from an old plastic card that is no longer in use. In order not to get your hands wet, the card is attached to a long stick or handle using screws, fishing line, or other devices. Thanks to its good strength, even a thick layer of dirt on any type of glass can be removed with the card. Before using such a homemade device, all inhabitants of the aquarium must be moved to another container.

How to choose a scraper

The cleaning efficiency and result depends on the selected type of scraper and its compatibility with the tank. The model and type of cleaning device are selected based on the following factors:

  • the thickness of the walls of the aquarium;
  • tank shape;
  • the size of the artificial reservoir;
  • model and complete set of the brush;
  • type of material from which the scraper is made.

Before the first use, you should thoroughly familiarize yourself with the instructions and recommendations of the manufacturers. After use, to extend the life of the scraper, it is cleaned of dirt and washed under running water.

The scraper for cleaning an artificial reservoir is an indispensable weapon in the hands of a caring aquarist. Compact and easy to use, magnet cleaners are the most popular solution for removing plaque and dirt, especially for beginner hobbyists.

Siphon equipped with a pump

With the help of this device in the aquarium, the soil is cleaned from the waste of its inhabitants, food residues and dirt. The siphon design includes a flask and a long hose. When choosing this equipment, it is necessary to take into account the size and shape of the home “reservoir”.

Equipment for the aquarium and features of its maintenance

An aquarium is not only a magnificent piece of furniture, but also a great opportunity to experience the fantastic underwater world without leaving your home. However, the beauty of this closed reservoir and the comfortable existence of its inhabitants can only be ensured by proper and systematic care. Experienced aquarists know how important aquarium equipment is. The technical equipment of a home reservoir is selected depending on its volume and composition of water (fresh or sea).

Heater

This aquarium equipment is designed to maintain a constant temperature in all layers of water. The temperature regime should correspond to the conditions in which specific fish species exist in nature. Modern models of heaters are characterized by compact size, reliability and relatively low price. Most of them are equipped with an automatic thermostat, which provides additional convenience during operation.

Trough

This device is a small plastic frame into which food is poured. Some people think that you can do without a feeder, underestimating its importance. But it performs a fairly important function. it prevents the spread of food over the entire water surface. Dissolving in water, the food covers it with a film, which prevents the flow of oxygen.

Magnetic scraper

This is a special device that is designed to clean the inner surfaces of the walls of the aquarium from plaque. The thing is quite useful and convenient. On the other hand, if there are snails among the aquatic inhabitants of the aquarium, then they also do a good job with this task.

Filter

For effective water purification in aquariums of impressive volumes, it is recommended to use biofilters. In such devices, filtration is carried out using not only a sponge, but also ceramic tubes filled with activated carbon and beneficial bacteria. In addition, they are equipped with more powerful motors.

When choosing filtration equipment for an aquarium, it is better to stay on models designed for a slightly larger displacement than yours. You should also pay attention to the design of filters. they are external and internal (submersible). Note that external filters are noisier.

Lighting

The lighting equipment for the aquarium performs not only a decorative function, but also ensures the physiological comfort of the fish, and also contributes to the normal development of the aquarium vegetation (due to insufficient light, algae stop growing). However, you should not allow excessive lighting, as the water in the aquarium will turn green and cloudy (“bloom”).

Compressor

When discussing a topic such as aquariums and aquarium equipment, it is impossible not to dwell on another extremely important device, namely the compressor. This device is designed to saturate water with oxygen, without which neither aquatic life nor plants can normally exist.

By the way, modern filtering installations can perform two functions at once. a filter and a compressor. However, a separate compressor is never superfluous. Together, these devices will be able to provide high-quality water circulation and saturate it with the required amount of oxygen. When choosing a compressor, pay attention to the noise level it makes.

Proper cleaning of the aquarium at home

A clean aquarium with clear water, densely populated with bright fish and emerald algae, you can admire endlessly. The ever-changing picture of the underwater beauty is soothing and relaxing. However, so that nothing could distract the observer from contemplating the underwater world, and its inhabitants always feel good, the aquarium must be impeccably clean.

How often is it necessary to wash the aquarium, what products and tools should be used in this procedure? What are the ways to clean the aquarium, what do they mean? Let’s try to figure it out.

Why you need to clean your aquarium?

Absolutely any aquarium requires periodic cleaning and washing, even one that is equipped with an ultra-modern filtration system. Over time, the space of the aquarium begins to fill with waste from its inhabitants, decomposed food remains and fragments of algae. As the filters become clogged, the water in the aquarium becomes cloudy, and the oxygen needed by the fish decreases in it. At the same time, plaque begins to form on the walls of the aquarium, on the surface of algae and decor items.

If cleaning measures are not taken in a timely manner, the increasing volume of pollution can cause the development of diseases and even the death of the inhabitants of the aquarium. Severe blockages in the filtration system, in turn, can lead to equipment damage.

The main signs that indicate the need to wash the aquarium:

  • plaque on the walls;
  • plaque on plants, decorative elements, feeder;
  • decrease in the power of the filter due to clogging;
  • cloudy or discolored water.

It is important to take into account that a radical cleaning of the aquarium entails its subsequent complete restart. This procedure is usually carried out in extreme cases, for example, when there is a massive death of fish, serious diseases of aquarium plants are revealed.

In most cases, regular surface cleaning of the aquarium is sufficient, which does not violate its established ecosystem and biological balance.

Washing frequency

The frequency of cleaning the aquarium is a specific parameter that depends on a number of specific factors. In this regard, the volume of the aquarium, and the number of inhabitants inhabiting it, and the congestion of the space with decor items, living and artificial plants, matter.

Average frequency of procedures:

  • planned water change. once every 1-2 weeks;
  • cleaning the walls of the aquarium. once a week;
  • maintenance of filtration and other equipment (lamps, aerators). once a month;
  • cleaning stones, decor items, sand. once every 1-2 weeks;
  • topping up fresh water as it evaporates. once every 3-5 days.

In addition, experienced aquarists recommend regularly examining the quality of water in it for nitrates, ammonia, nitrites.

It is also advisable to regularly check the level of hardness and acidity of the water. These studies are carried out using special test strips. If the obtained results deviate from the norm, you should not hesitate to put things in order in the aquarium and partially renew the water.

Surface cleaning instructions

Regular surface cleaning allows you to keep your aquarium clean and tidy without much effort. Before performing this procedure, it is recommended to disconnect all electrical equipment from the network.

An indicative list of actions that surface cleaning includes:

  • removing plaque from the walls with a scraper, magnet or sponge;
  • extraction of decorative items and their cleaning from plaque and dirt;
  • removal of dead plants, snails, fish, molluscs;
  • trimming and shaping algae (if necessary);
  • cleaning the soil with a siphon;
  • rinsing and cleaning the filter;
  • partial water change.

At the very beginning, the walls are cleaned from plaque and algae. This manipulation is performed without draining the water from the aquarium. Soft deposits can be easily removed with a magnet scraper or a scraper with a foam sponge. During cleaning, special attention is paid to hard-to-reach places. joints and corners. Stubborn deposits on the walls are removed with a metal or plastic scraper.

Further, stones, contaminated artificial plants and decorative items are removed from the aquarium. They are soaked for 10-15 minutes in a special cleaning agent, after which they are thoroughly wiped with a sponge, removing the remains of deposits, and rinsed with running water.

Live plants, if necessary, can be washed in clean, settled water. Excess vegetation can be removed. During harvesting, diseased and dead plant parts must be cut off with a sterile scalpel or clean scissors. Overgrown aquatic greens can be thinned out by removing excess shoots and stems.

The soil is cleaned with a siphon with a hose. This device will help to quickly remove debris accumulated at the bottom and eliminate the turbidity that has risen from under the stones and sand. The process of cleaning the soil starts from the dirtiest places in the aquarium, gradually moving towards cleaner areas. Dirty water is drained into a light basin, carefully making sure that the fish is not accidentally drawn into the hose in the tank with its flow.

It is not uncommon for aquarists to experience soil decay, which usually occurs when water circulation is disturbed. In this case, the soil must be completely replaced. Typical signs of decay are the formation of bubbles on the surface of the soil, the appearance of the smell of hydrogen sulfide.

The filter is washed and cleaned in a container with water drained from the aquarium. This will preserve the layer of beneficial bioflora that covers the surface of the device. Heavily soiled elements of the device can be cleaned using a new toothbrush.

At the final stage, it is necessary to add fresh settled water to the aquarium. Usually, about a quarter of the total volume of water in the aquarium is replaced. Dirty water is poured into a basin, after which fresh water is added to the aquarium.

Deep cleaning rules

Deep cleaning and washing an aquarium is a laborious and troublesome procedure, which is resorted to in extreme cases. Usually it is associated with outbreaks of disease in fish or plants. The range of actions that it provides includes all the same manipulations as for surface cleaning. The main difference between deep cleaning of the aquarium is a thorough and complete antibacterial treatment of the tank and its accessories.

It is quite problematic for one person to completely clean and process a large aquarium at home. It is easier and faster to complete a complete aquarium cleaning with two people. During work, various disinfectants are used. “Whiteness”, hydrogen peroxide.

When using these funds, it should be remembered that they all require thorough rinsing.

Before the procedure, the fish are removed from the aquarium and transferred to a temporary tank. If a disease outbreak is not the reason for the complete clean-up, water from the main aquarium can be used. Also, part of the water can later be used for restarting.

All plants are then removed from the aquarium. Sick specimens should be destroyed or placed in a separate reservoir for further treatment.

Next, soil is removed from the aquarium. It is thoroughly washed and disinfected. Heat treatment is used to destroy pathogens and viruses. To do this, the soil and stones are boiled in containers or ignited on a baking sheet.

If the reason for the deep cleaning of the aquarium was a disease among fish or plants, the structure is washed using disinfectants and washing powder. All devices (feeders, implements, nets, decor) must be disinfected or boiled.

In the process of deep cleaning, you can use professional chemistry, which will facilitate the procedure for washing the aquarium, destroy pathogenic bacteria, purify old aquarium water, and prevent the formation of a layer of algae on the walls. Examples of such products include Tetra Biocoryn for cleaning an aquarium from biological contaminants, Tetra Crystal Water for cleaning water from all types of turbidity, Himola and Dennerle Clear Water cleaners, Cidex algae control.

When restarting, everything is usually done in reverse order. So, first of all, soil, equipment and stones are placed in the aquarium, then decor and plants. At the final stage, fish are launched into the aquarium.

Before releasing them into the aquarium, check the temperature, acidity and hardness of the water. Additionally, tests are carried out for nitrates, nitrites, phosphorus, ammonium.

Necessary tools and tools

Each aquarist uses the most convenient list of tools and improvised means for washing and cleaning the aquarium. Typically, this list includes the following attachments and accessories:

  • algae scraper;
  • basin and / or bucket;
  • mop-scraper with foam pad;
  • non-toxic glass cleaner, soda, citric acid, or wine vinegar;
  • blade for removing difficult dirt;
  • pump for pumping water or siphon;
  • consumables. clean sponges, paper towels, clean dry rags.

The metal algae scrapers are suitable for glass aquariums. However, when working with them, care must be taken not to scratch the walls and not damage the layer of sealing material in the joints of the structure. For acrylic aquariums, plastic scrapers should be used. Special scrapers with a magnet are very easy to use. They allow you to easily clean large surfaces of soft deposits, and the aquarist does not even have to wet his hands during work.

You will need a special cleaner to remove gray-white limescale from the glass. If such a remedy is not at hand, it is allowed to use a citric acid solution or tartaric vinegar, which will destroy lime deposits and can be easily removed. In addition, you can speed up the removal of limescale with special aids such as Tetratec wipes or Aquarium Pharmaceuticals Safe And Easy spray.

It is strongly not recommended to use aggressive chemicals for cleaning the aquarium. Firstly, they require very thorough rinsing, and secondly, their active components can damage the sealant at the joints of the structure.

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It is safest to use regular baking soda to remove dirt. However, it must also be thoroughly washed off at the end of the work.

Among the additional accessories that can be useful in the process of work, it should be noted:

  • nets;
  • long tweezers;
  • ladle.

It is preferable to have several nets of different sizes on hand if the aquarium is inhabited by different types of fish. For fry and small fish, it is more convenient to use small fine-mesh nets with a long handle.

Tweezers may be needed when working with plants, small stones and decorative items. Some aquarists also use surgical clamps with narrow, curved ends.

In addition to the above tools and devices, you may need accessories and consumables for filtration equipment. They should be prepared in advance by carefully reading the instructions for servicing the device.

Separately, it should be said about the correct preparation of water for replacement (if there is such a need). Only settled water is used to fill the aquarium. Water should be defended within 3-4 days.

Helpful hints

The intervals between surface cleaning of the aquarium can be significantly increased by following a few simple rules. So, you can keep the water fresh longer if you leave an air gap of 5-6 centimeters between the lid of the aquarium and the surface of the water.

Controlling the temperature of the water will slow down the process of natural contamination of the aquarium. It should be at the minimum level recommended for keeping aquatic life and plants. Too warm water stimulates the activity of microorganisms that produce pollution.

The water in the aquarium will stay clean and clear longer if you feed your pets in moderation and without frills. Uneaten food residues settle to the bottom of the tank and decompose, causing cloudy water.

It has been noticed that too much light often leads to intense algae formation. In strong light, algae begin to grow actively, forming characteristic green clusters on the walls of the aquarium.

Some of the inhabitants of the underwater world are able to assist in keeping the aquarium clean. These assistants include mollies, ontocycluses, swordtails, algae eaters, snails. nat and coils. These creatures help fight plaque, water film, algae.

It is advisable to perform a general cleaning of the aquarium twice a year. In the spring, a partial replacement of water is made in the tank, plants are planted, and the design is updated. During the autumn harvesting, they thin and sort algae, check and adjust the lighting, heating, filtration and aeration systems.

Experienced aquarists recommend avoiding intruding into a well-established aquarium ecosystem unnecessarily. Any changes and interventions should be made with the utmost care.

During cleaning, only clean, decontaminated equipment should be used. All manipulations inside the aquarium must be carried out exclusively using tools and improvised means. It is highly discouraged to clean with bare hands, let alone dirty hands. If the aquarist has at his disposal not one, but several aquariums. for each of them you need to use a separate set of equipment and materials.

A little trick to shorten the next cleaning time: When filling the aquarium, the soil should be laid at a slope to the end or side wall. All pollution, settling, will accumulate in the deepest part of the bottom, which will greatly simplify their collection.

When cleaning the aquarium, do not completely drain the water from it. This can lead to the death of all the inhabitants of the reservoir. A total replacement of water is carried out only in the event of an outbreak of a viral or bacterial disease. In other cases, the water in the aquarium is renewed gradually. To do this, every 1-2 weeks, about a quarter of the water in the aquarium is replaced with the same amount of fresh water.

Fresh water, in terms of its quality characteristics, should correspond to the old one as much as possible. This applies to temperature, hardness, acidity, nitrite and nitrate levels. For topping up, only settled water is used. The smell of bleach from water should not come.

Sometimes, after changing the water in the aquarium, a shiny film can be seen on its surface. Its appearance indicates that the biological balance in the reservoir is disturbed. Remove the film from the surface of the water with a clean, soft cloth. It is important to remove all fragments of the film during the work, otherwise it will appear again very soon.

If this problem begins to occur regularly, the water in the aquarium should be irradiated with an ultraviolet lamp or disinfected with biomycin. Before carrying out both of these procedures, the fish are removed from the aquarium and placed in a temporary tank.

The video below will tell you how to properly clean an aquarium at home.

Magnetic scraper

A device consisting of two flat magnets is quite popular. The principle of operation lies in the fact that one magnet is glued with hard pile (micro hooks), and the other is covered with soft materials. The hard-brush magnet is installed on the inside of the tank wall, the soft-coated magnet on the outside. The magnets are attracted to each other, and when the movement of the outer part begins, the inner part moves behind it. Thus, the plaque on the inside of the glass is peeled off and its outside is polished. Magnetic scrapers differ in size, materials of working surfaces, force of attraction. Let’s analyze the pros and cons.

  • allows cleaning without getting your hands wet,
  • in expensive variations, the part that is immersed in water is made of light materials and, when it loses its attraction or careless work, it does not fall to the bottom, but floats,
  • the workflow does not scare the inhabitants of the tank,
  • suitable for silicate and acrylic glass.
  • if the quality of the pile is not very good, the scraper can skip areas and perform cleaning unevenly,
  • if the glass in the aquarium is thick, then the strength of the magnets may not be enough,
  • getting sand, small stones from the ground on the work surface can lead to scratches on the glass and spoil the view,
  • it is difficult to clean the corners of the tank and lime deposits with a magnetic scraper,
  • may not cope with a thick layer of microorganisms.

Scraper with blade

On the market, tools in the form of a sponge or a blade on a handle are available in a large assortment. The area of ​​the cleaning material and the length of the handle are determined according to the size of the aquarium. In some versions, a telescopic handle is retractable. It is made of metal and plastic. Choosing a long handle, it is better to give preference to a metal sample. Plastic handles bend, preventing the blade from being pressed firmly against the glass.

The coating of the sponge consists of a fine mesh, the same as in magnetic scrapers. The work surface resembles a safety razor. Such a tool is considered preferable as it is less likely to scratch the glass. And this is the best option for a herbal aquarium. The device allows you to thoroughly clean the glass at the bottom.

The blade is attached to a special plastic clip, which should be wider than the build plate. Otherwise, the protruding cutting edges will easily damage the silicone seams of the reservoir.

The blade allows you to remove old deposits, but in order not to scratch the glass and completely clean the surface, it should be inclined towards the glass at an angle of 30-45 degrees.

If necessary, you can choose a scraper, in which the clamp is attached to a hinge, which allows you to turn it 180 degrees and clean hard-to-reach places covered by decorations.

The blade scraper is only suitable for silicone (regular) glasses. If the aquarium has acrylic walls, then scrapers with a plastic blade or of the same acrylic glass are better suited for it. Plexiglas cleaning is more laborious task, but it requires a regular procedure. If you start the process, then it will be very difficult to scrape off large islands of algae.

Why is it better to use a plastic card instead of a blade:

Aquarium scraper

The need to clean the glass of the aquarium occurs regularly before every aquarist. Over time, fouling forms on the glass, which require mechanical removal. This requires an aquarium scraper. To clean the glass correctly means not to damage it. Let’s figure it out.

The main reason for contamination of the aquarium: an excess of light, deficiency or excess of trace elements in the water, leading to the multiplication of algae and microorganisms. They settle on the walls in the form of a plaque, which can be cleaned off with scrapers.

Aquarium scraper: types

The simplest design is equipped with a sponge and a straight handle, the length of which can be varied and is selected in accordance with the size of the aquarium. The working surface of the scrapers is rubber, steel, combined, including a sponge and a blade.

  • Magnetic scraper.
  • Scraper with blade.

Tips for choosing and using a magnetic scraper

  • When choosing a magnetic scraper, you should be guided by the thickness of the glass of the aquarium and select the device based on these characteristics. The cleaning block must be floating.
  • If the scraper for the aquarium is heavy and does not float, a line must be tied to it so that in case of a fall it is convenient to pull it out.
  • The magnetic device is better suited for tall aquariums where access to all corners is limited. The bottom is cleaned with extreme care. First, so as not to stir up the soil. Secondly, if the aquarium is heavily planted with vegetation, the cleaning block can crush the grass.
  • Magnetic devices are short-lived, in order to extend the service life, the halves are stored separately or not taken out of the water at all, but they are carefully bred on different sides.
  • If you use the magnetic scraper regularly and do not start the aquarium, then the need for others will disappear.

Here’s how to use the magnetic scraper:

How to make your own aquarium scraper

In aquarism, the practice of making scrapers on their own has become widespread. Good results are shown by a plastic card (as in the video above), which is attached to the handle or used individually in small aquariums.

It is better not to use kitchen sponges. they may cause scratches.

After cleaning the plaque, if there was little of it, there is no need to carry out additional actions. the filter will cope with the residues.

If in the process of work large sections were cut off, a partial water change should be carried out and the soil should be siphoned near the walls where the deposits fell.

It is important to remember that proper glass cleaning once a week will keep your aquarium in good condition.

Aquarium scraper: varieties

The scraper is a special tool that allows you to effortlessly clean and tidy your fish house. As a rule, in its simplest form, it is a dense sponge attached with a metal frame to a straight handle.

Magnetic scrapers have become widespread in recent years, the design of which will be discussed below. State-of-the-art battery-powered scrapers are also available.

For example, the German company Eheim offers a cleaning device that automatically very effectively removes not only plaque, but even limescale. A good gift for professional aquarists!

Aquarium scraper. We clean the glass correctly

In aquariums, there are two types of fouling. bacterial and algal. If the former can be fought with a foam sponge and various suction-cup catfish, the situation with the second type is somewhat more complicated. Removing red algae from glass is difficult, and various blades and rough scrapers can help.

How to make a DIY aquarium scraper?

You can try to clean the vertical surfaces of the aquarium with improvised means, but experts do not recommend using, for example, a simple household sponge for this. If the aquarium is small, an ordinary safety razor, attached with wire or fishing line to the handle of the required length, will do.

Aquarium scraper with blade

Such a tool helps well to clean the walls of the aquarium if they are very overgrown with tough algae. The working surface of the scraper resembles a safety razor.

The design of the device, where the blade is movable, allows you to clean plaque even in the most difficult to reach corners of the aquarium.

A plastic strip protects the glass from scratches, and the replaceable blade itself is made of stainless steel. Manufacturers offer a wide range of scrapers, as well as extensions for them.

Plexiglass aquariums must be cleaned with great care as it scratches easily.

Magnetic aquarium scraper: pros and cons

Such a cleaning tool is very convenient to use and quite effective. The design and the principle of application are laid down in the very name of the tool.

It is a combination of two flat magnets with a strong magnetic field. The attraction of the two parts of such a device provides a fairly effective cleaning of vertical surfaces both inside and outside the aquarium.

The tools are available for different glass thicknesses. The thicker the aquarium glass, the stronger the magnetic field.

The indisputable advantage of magnetic scrapers is

  • the ability to clean without dropping hands or any objects into the water,
  • the process does not irritate or frighten the inhabitants of the aquarium.

For ease of use and storage, many manufacturers of aquarium accessories make the inside of the instrument float. When not in operation, the scraper is free to sit on the surface of the water.

The range of cleaning scrapers is quite extensive. Leading manufacturers of aquarium accessories such as Karlie, Penn Plax, Hobby, JBL, Hagen and a few others offer all types of scrapers in a wide price range.

The world of glamor has also touched the field of aquarium accessories. For example, for wealthy lovers of decorative domestic fish and connoisseurs of expensive things, the NANO Gold scraper has been created, the blade of which is gold plated. Such a tool is a chic gift for a goldfish lover, and can also become source of pride for a collector.

The owner of the aquarium can decide for himself which cleaning tool is best for him. It is important to remember one rule: you do not need to wait until the glass walls are covered with a thick layer of plaque. Cleaning the glass at least once a week will keep your aquarium in perfect condition.

Video on how to clean an aquarium using a homemade scraper:

Tips for choosing and using a magnetic scraper

  • When choosing a magnetic scraper, you should be guided by the thickness of the glass of the aquarium and select the device based on these characteristics. The cleaning block must be floating.
  • If the scraper for the aquarium is heavy and does not float, a line must be tied to it so that in case of a fall it is convenient to pull it out.
  • The magnetic device is better suited for tall aquariums where access to all corners is limited. The bottom is cleaned with extreme care. First, so as not to stir up the soil. Secondly, if the aquarium is heavily planted with vegetation, the cleaning block can crush the grass.
  • Magnetic devices are short-lived, in order to extend the service life, the halves are stored separately or not taken out of the water at all, but they are carefully bred on different sides.
  • If you use the magnetic scraper regularly and do not start the aquarium, then the need for others will disappear.
READ  How many times do you need to change the water in the aquarium

Here’s how to use the magnetic scraper:

Aquarium scraper

The need to clean the glass of the aquarium occurs regularly before every aquarist. Over time, fouling forms on the glass, which require mechanical removal. This requires an aquarium scraper. To clean the glass correctly means not to damage it. Let’s figure it out.

The main reason for contamination of the aquarium: an excess of light, deficiency or excess of trace elements in the water, leading to the multiplication of algae and microorganisms. They settle on the walls in the form of a plaque, which can be cleaned off with scrapers.

Scraper with blade

On the market, tools in the form of a sponge or a blade on a handle are available in a large assortment. The area of ​​the cleaning material and the length of the handle are determined according to the size of the aquarium. In some versions, a telescopic handle is retractable. It is made of metal and plastic. Choosing a long handle, it is better to give preference to a metal sample. Plastic handles bend, preventing the blade from being pressed firmly against the glass.

The coating of the sponge consists of a fine mesh, the same as in magnetic scrapers. The work surface resembles a safety razor. Such a tool is considered preferable as it is less likely to scratch the glass. And this is the best option for a herbal aquarium. The device allows you to thoroughly clean the glass at the bottom.

How to build a DIY algae scraper for free / clean glass and acrylic aquarium

The blade is attached to a special plastic clip, which should be wider than the build plate. Otherwise, the protruding cutting edges will easily damage the silicone seams of the reservoir.

The blade allows you to remove old deposits, but in order not to scratch the glass and completely clean the surface, it should be inclined towards the glass at an angle of 30-45 degrees.

If necessary, you can choose a scraper, in which the clamp is attached to a hinge, which allows you to turn it 180 degrees and clean hard-to-reach places covered by decorations.

The blade scraper is only suitable for silicone (regular) glasses. If the aquarium has acrylic walls, then scrapers with a plastic blade or of the same acrylic glass are better suited for it. Plexiglas cleaning is more laborious task, but it requires a regular procedure. If you start the process, then it will be very difficult to scrape off large islands of algae.

Why is it better to use a plastic card instead of a blade:

Magnetic scraper

A device consisting of two flat magnets is quite popular. The principle of operation lies in the fact that one magnet is glued with hard pile (micro hooks), and the other is covered with soft materials. The hard-brush magnet is installed on the inside of the tank wall, the soft-coated magnet on the outside. The magnets are attracted to each other, and when the movement of the outer part begins, the inner part moves behind it. Thus, the plaque on the inside of the glass is peeled off and its outside is polished. Magnetic scrapers differ in size, materials of working surfaces, force of attraction. Let’s analyze the pros and cons.

  • allows you to clean without getting your hands wet;
  • in expensive variations, the part that is immersed in water is made of light materials and, if it loses attraction or careless work, it does not fall to the bottom, but floats;
  • the workflow does not scare the inhabitants of the tank;
  • suitable for silicate and acrylic glass.
  • if the quality of the pile is not very good, the scraper can skip areas and perform cleaning unevenly;
  • if the glass in the aquarium is thick, then the strength of the magnets may not be enough;
  • getting sand, small stones from the ground on the work surface can lead to scratches on the glass and spoil the view;
  • it is difficult to clean the corners of the tank and lime deposits with a magnetic scraper;
  • may not cope with a thick layer of microorganisms.

Aquarium scraper: types

The simplest design is equipped with a sponge and a straight handle, the length of which can be varied and is selected in accordance with the size of the aquarium. The working surface of the scrapers is rubber, steel, combined, including a sponge and a blade.

  • Magnetic scraper.
  • Scraper with blade.

How to make your own aquarium scraper

In aquarism, the practice of making scrapers on their own has become widespread. Good results are shown by a plastic card (as in the video above), which is attached to the handle or used individually in small aquariums.

It is better not to use kitchen sponges. they may cause scratches.

After cleaning the plaque, if there was little of it, there is no need to carry out additional actions. the filter will cope with the residues.

If in the process of work large sections were cut off, a partial water change should be carried out and the soil should be siphoned near the walls where the deposits fell.

It is important to remember that proper glass cleaning once a week will keep your aquarium in good condition.

DIY aquarium cleaning at home

It is not so easy to clean an aquarium with your own hands, but it is quite possible at home. In order to properly wash a house for fish, you need to follow a certain procedure. First, they turn off and take out electrical appliances. Then they clean the walls of the aquarium, decorations and plants. The last thing is to siphon the soil, wash and install the equipment in place and add water. It is necessary to clean the aquarium regularly, planning the procedure in advance and preparing all the necessary tools for it.

Regardless of the size of the aquarium, plaque collects on its walls, and the water becomes cloudy over time. In order to carry out the cleaning correctly, it is important to follow certain rules and take care of the safety of the fish.

The usual routine cleaning is done once a week. Cleaning frequency depends on:

  • the size of the tank (the larger it is, the less often you need to clean it up);
  • the number of fish (the more there are, the more often cleaning is required);
  • presence of vegetation.

The owner of the aquarium must constantly monitor the state of the reservoir and its inhabitants. It must be cleaned if signs appear:

  • poor health of fish (became lethargic, inactive, reluctant to eat food);
  • deviations from the norm of water quality (in terms of hardness and acidity tests);
  • contamination of the walls of the container with green algae;
  • soil contamination with food residues and waste of inhabitants.

If at least one of these signs is noticed, it is worth putting things in order and eliminating the cause of its appearance. Otherwise, fish and other inhabitants of the aquarium may die.

It must be remembered that cleaning is carried out with the electrical equipment completely disconnected and removed from the aquarium. Further cleaning takes place in the following sequence:

  • 1. Cleaning the walls from green plaque;
  • 2. Washing decorations, stones, grottoes;
  • 3. Transplanting, weeding and forming the crown of plants;
  • 4. Washing or cleaning the soil with a siphon;
  • 5. Drain part of the water from the aquarium (done in the siphon process);
  • 6. Washing of filtering and heating equipment;
  • 7. Inlet of clean water.

The coating of the glass walls of the aquarium with a green bloom occurs due to the multiplication of green algae. These are lower plants, their presence is inevitable in every artificial reservoir. They develop thanks to light, as well as water and the nutrients in it. They do not pose any danger to aquatic inhabitants, but their aesthetic appearance is lost. You should not wait for the glass to be covered with a thick green bloom, but you should constantly get rid of it.

Long-handled aquarium scraper

On the inner part, which sinks into the water, there is a hard part of the Velcro tape. On the outside, it is soft. They are connected to each other through glass with a magnet, which attracts both halves to each other. Cleaning can be done every day without removing the scraper from the aquarium. The downside is that such a device does not clean the corners of the aquarium and the edge near the ground. Plus. you can wash aquariums from any material. You can also use a regular dishwashing sponge to remove algae and dirt from the walls. Its hard side copes well with this task, all hard-to-reach places can be cleaned. The only inconvenience is that you need to climb into the water with your hands.

It makes no sense to catch the cleaned off green plaque from the aquarium. It is well eaten by fish, and what they do not have time to eat will settle to the bottom and be washed out when cleaning the soil.

Green algae not only cover the glass walls of the aquarium, but also grow on decorative elements: ceramic figures, stones and grottoes. You can clean them with a hard washcloth or brush. Previously, the decorations must be removed from the water, placed in a solution of laundry soap, and left to soak for 15-20 minutes. Then remove the algae and rinse the jewelry thoroughly in running clean water. If not all the greens have cleared, then the aquarium interior items can be soaked for another 15 minutes in a solution of hydrogen peroxide (1:10). After that, also rinse thoroughly with clean water and dry.

They do well with the function of cleaning algae fish from plaque. If you start such, then you will not have to wash the scenery.

The purpose of this procedure is to bring the plants into aesthetic appearance. For this purpose, leaves damaged or eaten by fish are removed. They are carefully pinched off at the root by hand or cut with sharp scissors. The easiest way is if it is possible to get the plant out of the aquarium. Then the care procedure is carried out in the air. Then the remaining part is washed with running water and placed in its original place. Overgrown plants are thinned out, excess shoots are removed.

Plants should not block the light and interfere with the movement of fish around the aquarium. When weeding, proceed carefully so as not to pull the bush completely out of the ground and not pick up a lot of turbidity from the bottom. Staying in water mixed with organic debris from the bottom of the aquarium is detrimental to whimsical fish and shrimp species.

The most difficult procedure. cleaning the bottom of the aquarium. The soil gradually accumulates dirt, food debris, fish excrement, plant debris. It is a breeding ground for the development of pathogenic bacteria that are harmful to fish. You can understand whether it’s time to clean the soil simply by moving it. If air bubbles or a cloudy cloud have risen to the surface. it’s time to clean.

The bottom is cleaned using a device such as a siphon:

  • 1. The mechanical device consists of a hose with a wide tube at the end. It is inserted into the ground, blown from the other end, and the water, together with the ground debris, along the reverse thrust begins to merge into the substituted container.

The electric siphon is battery operated. When using it, there is no need to drain the water. It is absorbed, the dirt remains trapped, and the purified water enters the aquarium. This appliance is well suited for fish and algae tanks that need acidic old water.

First, easily accessible and open areas of the bottom are siphoned out. Then decorative elements and large stones are moved aside. Beneath them, a lot of bottom mud accumulates. Lastly, they clean the corners and the soil lying against the walls.

The thermometer is washed with a foam sponge in warm water without adding detergents. Wipe the wire and leave to dry.

Aquarium filters are different. The little ones will need cleaning more often, about once a week. Large ones can work up to a month without requiring washing. An indicator that the appliance should be cleaned is a low water pressure, even when turned on at maximum power. The same device in the aquarium will become clogged with dirt every time after a certain period of time. By marking it, you can easily schedule the cleaning of the aquarium.

When cleaning the filter or pump, you need to disassemble the device and wash off all coarse dirt from the plastic parts of the case and internal elements. They approach sponges with care. Microorganisms participating in biofiltration live on them, and their colonies cannot be completely destroyed. The soft elements are washed with water drained from the aquarium, removing only coarse debris. Under no circumstances should detergents and cleaning agents be used to rinse porous parts and filter sponges.

After washing the walls and bottom of the aquarium, placing algae, decorative elements and electrical appliances, add clean water. Preliminarily, the water is defended for at least 24 hours, the temperature is checked with a thermometer. It should be the same as the one left in the aquarium.

Pour it gently with a hose, ladle or watering can. Pour it gradually in a thin stream along the wall of the aquarium. The force of the jet should not reach the bottom and erode the soil. If it is inconvenient to pour water along the edge, you can substitute a saucer under the stream or use a watering can with a spray nozzle.

After adding water, you can turn on the electrical equipment, check its operation and observe the well-being of the inhabitants. Do not be alarmed if the water becomes a little cloudy. After 3-4 hours, the biological balance will be restored and the aquarium will shine clean.

General tips for cleaning your aquarium:

  • 1. Always plan ahead of time. Set aside a special time when you don’t need to rush anywhere. Prepare water and tools for washing. If you did not have time or forgot to defend the water, it is better to skip the procedure. Pouring in unprepared liquid is detrimental to many species of fish.
  • 2. When cleaning the inside of the aquarium, do not make sudden movements so as not to frighten its inhabitants. Do not reach the soil near the plants. it contains nutrients. Also, be careful not to damage the roots of the algae. Many of them don’t like it.
  • 3. Do not feed the fish before cleaning the pond. It is best to do this 2-3 hours after cleaning to calm the anxious inhabitants of the aquarium.
  • 4. Try to change the water in small portions, no more than 20-25% at a time. A sharp change in the microclimate can harm the health of fish and other inhabitants of an artificial reservoir.
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