Budgerigar nest: selection features and manufacturing rules
Budgerigars are brightly colored birds with a friendly disposition, which is why they are often chosen as pets. In order for the parrots to feel comfortable and productively mating, they must be provided with a nesting house. This design can be either purchased ready-made or made independently from scrap materials.
Hinged or removable cover
Thanks to this, the nest will be accessible from any point, which, in turn, will greatly facilitate the process of disinfection and cleaning of the house.
In addition, when arranging a home hollow, it is important to take into account some of the nuances.
- Availability of fresh air access. To do this, it is necessary that the structure has several holes with a diameter of 0.8 to 1 cm.They can be drilled independently in the lower part of the house.
It is advisable to give preference to nest designs with a hinged window.
- Convenience in cleaning. Before starting to use and during the subsequent keeping of birds, the house should be thoroughly washed, therefore its structure should have free access to cleaning.
Litter paper is not suitable, as it will get wet quickly, which will create increased humidity in the nest.
- The size of the cage. These indicators depend on the age, size and number of parrots that are planned to be kept. As a rule, budgerigars are placed one by one or in pairs. For a feathered pet to feel comfortable, one individual must account for at least 7% of the total cage space.
There is no need for additional lighting. For its normal level, there will be enough light that penetrates through the entrance holes.
This model is considered ideal, since it combines the best characteristics of vertical and horizontal houses. In addition, this type of construction is easy to assemble. Its dimensions are 20 cm in height and 25X20 cm in width. There is enough free space for the female to comfortably move around the nest. At the same time, chicks have limited access to early flight.
The main advantage of a compromise house is the sufficient width of the nest. It allows birds to move freely in the structure and completely eliminates the possibility of damage to the masonry. Due to the large area in the house, proper conditions are created for keeping babies.
They are spacious, and weak parrots do not risk being crushed.
How To: Build a Budgie Nest Box | BirdSpyAus
This type of nesting house is considered the most popular because it is characterized by its compact size, takes up little space and is convenient for parrots. In contrast to the horizontal model, chicks in this design are fenced off access to the exit. This is due to the fact that the notch is located high (at a distance of 3 cm from the upper edge). The dimensions of the vertical houses are 20X20 cm in width and 25 cm in height.
The design flaw is that females returning to the nest can damage the clutch.
Features and requirements
In the wild, budgerigars live in flocks and choose hollows in trees as nests. They love a spacious and protected space, therefore, when equipping their house, they thoroughly clean the bottom of the nests from dust.
The main thing is that they are comfortable and practical.
The budgerigar breeding house is set up in a cage with two doors. In the first zone of the cage, the house itself is usually placed, and in the second, feeders and drinkers are installed. The main requirement for a nesting house is the presence of free space, which will further ensure the successful breeding of offspring and facilitate the process of caring not only for a couple of parrots, but also for their chicks. In some cases, the nest is attached to the outside of the cage, saving space in a small structure.
Experts still recommend placing the nesting house inside the structure, since this allows young parents to thoroughly explore it and feel more confident and calmer.
Budgerigar nest looks different and comes in different materials. Most often it is made of wood, giving preference to such species as birch, spruce and pine. The lid in it should be easy to open, since it will periodically have to add sawdust and disinfect it.
Parts of the nesting house are of standard thickness. In the event that it is made independently from scrap materials, then the thickness of the floor should be at least 4 cm, walls and roof. 2 cm.
At the same time, a small depression must be made in the floor: this will allow the eggs to be in one place.
With such a thickness of the walls and floor, a constant temperature regime will be created in the house, it will always be warm, and the humidity will be maintained at the same level.
It is undesirable to purchase or make houses from chipboard, cardboard and plywood. They are very cold and will negatively affect the successful hatching of chicks. In addition, materials impregnated with glue and chemical composition will have a detrimental effect on the health of chicks and parent parrots.
And also the nesting structure must have mandatory elements.
What should be in the nest
After the do-it-yourself nesting house for budgies is ready, you should take care to equip it with everything you need. Many experts advise breeders to be moderate in this matter and not be too sophisticated in the interior of the nest. In their opinion, in nature, the female incubates eggs in more unprotected conditions, where there are no additional adaptations. Therefore, even in captivity, you should not pile up the house with unnecessary items.
The main thing is to create comfortable conditions, since females will reproduce only if they feel their safety and security. In the house itself, there is no need to attach a mirror, additional lighting or any toys. These are unnecessary attributes here. If you want to please the parrots with new toys, then they can be attached directly to the cage.
The main thing is for the birds to feel safe.
At the bottom of the house, you can pour a small amount of sawdust by adding a teaspoon of dry chamomile. Dried flowers and chamomile leaves will provide reliable protection for parrots from parasites. It is better to choose sawdust as small as possible, since, following her instincts, the female will still throw out too large sawdust. Many bird breeders believe that sawdust should not be used at all. Supporters of this litter believe that it serves as a kind of insulation that protects chicks from the cold.
Why do parrots need a house
The house is an opportunity to hide the laid eggs and the chicks hatched from them from prying eyes. The fact is that budgerigars do not build nests as such, but look for ready-made suitable places, which often become tree hollows. But the fact remains: in order for a couple to start mating, they need a separate “home”. And most female budgies will not allow a male to approach until they are convinced of the presence of a nesting box.
DIY nesting house for parrots
The owners of domestic talkers do not need to look for suitable hollows for breeding them. It is quite possible to make the desired structure yourself from scrap materials. We will discuss the necessary materials and actions further in detail.
Stages of building a nesting house for budgies
If your goal is to breed offspring, then you can’t do without a nest. In a wild habitat, females prefer to breed offspring in secluded places. Usually they use a hollow for this. Therefore, your task is to create conditions for comfortable breeding of domestic parrots. Namely. to install a nest in the form of a house or a hollow. The information from our article will help you with this. After all, here we will tell you how to make a nest for budgies with your own hands, and what drawings, sizes of houses are suitable. But first, let’s decide on the best time for breeding.
What is needed to build a house
First, we will prepare all the necessary materials and tools:
- a piece of untreated board (10.5 m);
- perch (round, even stick approximately at least 20 cm long);
- fasteners (small nails, screws, corners);
- hooks for attaching the future house to the cage;
- hammer, drill, jigsaw.
There should be no sticking out branches or sharp points on the board. Smooth out all the roughness beforehand so as not to injure yourself and the parrots. It is advisable to carry out all work in the workshop, because wood chips and dust will scatter around the room. You can entrust the responsible task of making a house for your budgies to a handy man (dad, grandfather, uncle, neighbor, friend).
We begin to collect the nest box from the walls. First, we fasten two walls together, then we attach the third to them, then the fourth. It turns out a box. The next stage is the bottom (it is already prepared and has a deepening). Only the roof remains. It is better to make it removable for 3 reasons:
- it will be easier to care for the house in order to periodically clean it from the droppings of budgies and chicks;
- it will be possible to accurately observe what is happening inside, without disturbing the female and offspring;
- for ventilation (instead of drilling additional holes in the house, it is better to open the roof sometimes).
There are several options to make the roof removable.
- Put one side of the board on the hinges so that the roof opens.
- Make a sliding roof (but for this you need to very carefully adjust all sizes, as well as cut the grooves in advance).
- Do not fix the roof at all, but simply cover the house with a board. But if there are small curious children in the apartment, it is better to avoid this option.
When designing a house for budgerigars, keep in mind that it should be comfortable not only for the female and male, but also for the chicks, who, sooner or later, will also begin to get out of the nest. Therefore, the perch inside should not be too high, otherwise the kids will not climb it. If this is the case, do not rush to throw away the front wall. Just put a board inside the nest box to act as a step from the bottom to the perch.
When the house is almost ready, it remains to insert the perch and secure it so that it does not stagger. Now we pour boiling water over the nest box (not hot water from a tap, but boiling water from a kettle) and dry it thoroughly on a battery.
Then put some sawdust from fruit trees (apple, mountain ash) inside. Literally one handful is enough, because not all females love such a heater. And if she doesn’t like it, she will spend a lot of time and effort to get all the sawdust out of the house. Better to put them in the cage. And if the female wants to, she herself will drag them inside and arrange the nest to her liking.
When a nest box appears, a pair of budgies will begin to multiply rather quickly. In a spacious wooden house, the female will be cozy and warm, and soon the female will lay eggs.
Lighting and ventilation
The light inside the house will penetrate through the taphole and several ventilation openings. No additional illumination is required. The nesting cage should be in a warm place, away from drafts and cold air, otherwise the birds may get sick. For better air circulation, several small holes with a diameter of 0.8-1 cm are made on the sides of the box.
It is recommended to make additional holes in the walls of the house
Vertical or horizontal
There are two designs (types) of nesting houses. Vertical designs are convenient in that they prevent premature flight of chicks from the nest. When making a do-it-yourself vertical nesting house for budgies, remember to place the perch correctly. It should be located three to four centimeters below the entrance to the nest. Thus, the bird, getting into the nest, does not risk damaging the laid eggs.
The most popular is the horizontal option. The structure will not allow the chicks to leave the nesting site ahead of time, and the bird will not harm its cubs. The size of horizontal houses is no different from vertical ones. Differences only in design.
However, the most convenient is the combination of a horizontal and a vertical nest. Compromise houses, and this is the name that this combination has, are both more spacious for the female and safer for the chicks.
Not a single house for budgies with their own hands can do without a cover. Photos of some options can be found in the article. Let’s just say that there are two types of covers: hinged and removable. The presence of a lid allows not only to enjoy watching the development of the offspring, but also to freely carry out cleaning, disinfection and observation of the clutch, and then the hatched chicks.
What material is the best for making the cover for the nest? There are as many options as in the case of the house itself. Most often, of course, plywood is used. But you can make from other material, the main thing is that it is safe for chicks.
The round entrance to the house is called the entrance. As a rule, its diameter is about four centimeters. The perch is located next to the entrance, but slightly lower by a couple of centimeters. So it will be more convenient for the female to fly into the nest, and for the male to watch his offspring. over, it is important that the perch is both inside the nest and outside. The outer part usually sticks out ten to twelve centimeters, and the inner one. one or two.
7 easily AVOIDABLE MISTAKES when breeding budgies
Also, in some cases, when the owners make a house for budgies with their own hands, they also make a special approach in the form of steps or one step. This will make it even more comfortable for the bird to land after flight and enter the nest.
Litter is an obligatory attribute of any nesting structure for parrots. Its role can be played by small shavings, shavings from deciduous or coniferous species, which release useful resins. Many experienced experts also advise adding a few tablespoons of dry medicinal chamomile to the bedding. Thus, disinfection will also turn out, which will not be superfluous.
It is also recommended to make some small indentations in the floor. When the bird has laid the eggs, they will roll all over the floor. Dimples in the form of small cells will save you from this, keeping all the masonry together. So it will be more convenient for mom to be and quickly warm the eggs.
A very common question is not how to make a house for budgies on your own, but from what exactly to construct it. Experts advise choosing extremely safe materials. The composition should not contain harmful impurities, glue and chemical additives.
Plywood is most often used for such work. It contains the minimum of harmful substances that can harm the masonry. Although there is fumes here, they occur at the ends of the material. And if we compare it with chipboard, where evaporation occurs over the entire surface, then this is the safest material for the nests.
How to make a house for parrots with your own hands
If you dream of breeding feathered pets, then the first step is to make sure that a nesting house for parrots is attached to the cage. It will help the birds to hatch eggs calmly, not to worry that the nest will be destroyed or disturbed. In addition, the shy female will not twitch every time someone passes by the cage.
A couple of parrots need a house for breeding
What it is: the perfect parrot house?
It must be spacious. Give preference to the compromise type. It is a mixture between horizontal and vertical. That is, the bird also has a place to move normally, and the masonry is not immediately under the taphole (round opening-entrance). Pay attention to the material. It should not be with burrs and protruding chips, so as not to injure the bird. Thick plywood, chipboard will do. Before you start cutting out the parts (bottom, walls, roof), it is better to draw a diagram on a sheet. Calculate the parameters so that everything is harmonious. Don’t make your parrot house too big. Still, it will need to be attached to the outside of the cage. Otherwise, the cage itself will be outweighed. Ready-made schemes can be found on the Internet. The forums dedicated to parrots are full of ready-made drawings and detailed instructions on how to make a house for parrots with your own hands.
DIY parrot house
You should have the following tools: a plane, a hammer, a saw, nails, a chisel, a screwdriver (or a screwdriver if you have one), screws / self-tapping screws, a drill and roof hinges (to fix the house on the cage bars). If you take boards or plywood, then consider the thickness of the material. It should not be less than one and a half centimeters, but it should not exceed two and a half centimeters. On the plywood sheets, mark the borders along which you will cut the parts. Do not hurry. Remember the proverb that you need to measure everything 7 times, and only then start cutting. Don’t forget about the entrance. It does not need to be done exactly in the center, like in a birdhouse. Better in the upper corner. Just step back from both the wall and the ceiling at least 2.5 cm so that the parrot is comfortable. The perch must be attached under the tap hole (3 centimeters below the entrance). A high entrance will not allow young chicks to fly out of the house ahead of time. The roof needs to be “tightly” screwed to the walls of the wavy parrot house. You can use nails, but better with screws so that you can open the lid if necessary. The loops are required in order to screw one side of them to the house, and push the other through the cage rods and lift them up. This will help “hold” the cage. For better rigidity, still try to secure the house more firmly. Now you know how to make a do-it-yourself parrot house.
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