For decorative and dwarf breeds, you can build a queen cell slightly smaller than the standard one.
The step-by-step course of action looks like this:
- Cut out the walls of the future mother liquor from plywood sheets. They will be rectangles. There should be 12 rectangles in total.
- Four will go to the front and back wall. We cut them 56 cm long, 30 cm wide and 30 cm high.
- From 4 more we prepare side walls 35 cm long, 30 cm wide and 30 cm high.
- The remaining 4 rectangles will go to the bottom and lid trim. They should be cut 56 cm long and 30 cm wide.
- We prepare the slats. They need to be cut into 14 pieces.
- We cut eight strips with a length of 56 cm.They will go to the frame of the front and rear walls, as well as the lid and bottom.
- We cut six slats 31 cm long.Of these we will knock down the frame of the side walls.
- We proceed to sheathing the mother liquor. To do this, take one rectangle of plywood and stuff a wooden frame made of slats on its edges.
- Cover the top with an identical sheet of plywood and nail it down. One wall is ready.
- In the same way we prepare the remaining 2 walls, floor and cover. We do not touch only the wall in which the manhole will be located.
- Half of the 4th wall (if it is planned to insulate the structure) in the place where the manhole will be, we sheathe with solid boards, and the remaining half we cover with slats and sheathe with plywood.
How to make a mother plant with your own hands, you can look at:
How to insulate the mother liquor
To insulate the structure, in the process of its construction, it is necessary between the two rectangles of plywood, with which the wall was sheathed on both sides, to put insulation in the form of wood sawdust or other materials with low thermal conductivity.
So that the sawdust does not get lost, they need to be tamped well. They can only be filled in dry. Another option for insulation is wall cladding with foam.
Features of using the mother liquor in winter
As you know, adult rabbits can be in an unheated cage, but a pregnant female, and even more so with babies, needs special care. Therefore, the structure in which the rabbit and babies will be located until they reach 20 days of age must be insulated, and in case of too low temperature, it must be equipped with additional heating.
Sizes of a queen cell for rabbits
It is advisable to clearly follow the recommendations on what size should be the place for offspring with a female for each specific breed:
- If it is too cramped, the rabbit will feel uncomfortable in it, and she will simply refuse to be there.
- If the queen cell comes out too spacious, the animal can confuse it with a common cage and begin to relieve it, which will bring additional trouble to the owner for more frequent replacement of the litter, and also worsen the sanitary and hygienic conditions.
The dimensions of the structure should also be consistent with the dimensions of the cage in which it will stand.
Basic requirements for the mother liquor
Since in the wild, rabbits give birth in an underground burrow, where they feel safe and comfortable, the mother stock should be made as close as possible to natural conditions. it should be dark, warm, moderately spacious.
Usually, the mother liquor is made in the form of a box, closed on all sides, with a small opening. Depending on the climatic conditions, it is equipped with heating or left without it. The sizes will depend on the size of the individual’s body and on the breed to which it belongs.
Required materials and tools
Before starting the manufacturing process, it is necessary to prepare the following materials:
- Plywood sheets 3 mm thick;
- Wooden boards 2.5 cm thick;
- Slats with a section size of 2.5×2.5 or 2.5×3 cm;
- Insulation (wood shavings are quite suitable);
- Galvanized sheet.
You will also need the following tools:
- Screwdriver or screwdriver;
- Roulette or ruler;
- Self-tapping screws.
You should have a structure similar to that shown in this drawing:
Another heating option is a film with built-in 100 W heating elements. It is placed under the mother liquor on a slatted corset. This creates an air gap that retains heat and warms the bottom.
: heating the mother liquor for rabbits in winter, however, such heating gives the owner a lot of trouble, since the water needs to be constantly heated. Do not overdo it with heating. As soon as the frosts pass, it must be removed, otherwise the rabbits will grow up delicate and painful.
How to make a queen cell for rabbits with your own hands
For breeders who not only keep rabbits, but also breed them, the mother house for the rabbit will facilitate this work. It allows you to create comfortable conditions for the mother, which will preserve a greater percentage of live babies, because, feeling themselves in comfort and safety, the females will regularly give birth and feed offspring. Babies will turn out to be healthier than those born outside the mother liquor, since from the first days they will grow warm, without drafts. In the mother liquor at the mother’s side, they will quickly develop and gain weight. over, it is easy to make it yourself.
- Basic requirements for the mother liquor
- Sizes of a queen cell for rabbits
- Medium breeds
- Large breeds
- Decorative rocks
Rabbit nest: dimensions and features
At home, you can recreate a rabbit hole with your own hands by building a special box with a hole in which the rabbit will nurse the cubs. It is not difficult and not expensive to make such a box. It is a heat-insulated box with plywood walls, a top opening for easy cleaning and a round hole on the side, which is a manhole for the rabbit. Despite the fact that rabbits come in different sizes, queen cells are usually made standard. Large dimensions are only necessary if the animals are very large breeds. However, most representatives will also fit the standard size of the structure.
The standard rabbit box has the following dimensions:
- Bottom area. 30×50 cm;
- Front and back walls. 30×50 cm;
- Side walls. 30×35 cm;
- The height of all walls is 30 cm;
- Round manhole diameter. from 15 cm to 18 cm.
When choosing the size of the mother liquor, you need to proceed from the size of the breed of rabbits that will live in it. Decorative breeds do not need a large structure, since it will not fully fulfill its purpose. A nest for a rabbit must be equipped with a round hole. a manhole through which the animal will climb inside. The manhole is made on the side of the front wall of the box, 1–2 cm away from the side wall. The walls of the structure are double, with a well-compacted layer of sawdust in the niche between the plywood: this allows you to effectively keep warm in the nest. For the same purposes, a layer of dry and warm litter is poured onto the bottom of the box.
When choosing wood for the mother plant, you should not stop your choice on conifers: they have a persistent smell of essential oils, which is likely to scare the rabbit away. Because of this, she can both abandon the nest and stop caring for the offspring altogether. As for the manhole, do not place it too high. It should be borne in mind that not only an adult female will crawl through it, but also small rabbits when it comes time to leave the nest.
How to make a queen cell for a rabbit with your own hands
The rabbit needs a brood for the successful rearing of offspring, and there is a need for it not only in the cold season, but also in summer. Such a secluded place mimics the natural habitat of rabbits, namely the burrows in which they nurture their offspring. Recreation of such conditions in the cage will allow the rabbit to take better care of the rabbits, and the cubs will grow strong and healthy. We will consider the features of the manufacture and use of such a design in the article.
- Rabbit nest: sizes and features
- How to make a structure with your own hands
- Required materials and tools
- Manufacturing instruction
How to make a structure with your own hands
Making a nest for a rabbit with your own hands is quite economical in terms of time, effort, and financial costs. The design, made with your own hands, has a number of advantages over production counterparts, as it differs in mobility (manufacturers usually make queen cells already built into the cage) and meets the needs and sizes of your animals.
Required materials and tools
To make a box that will serve as a nest for a rabbit, you will need the following materials:
- Plywood sheets up to 5 mm thick, 2 pcs. On each side. 4 pcs. With dimensions of 30×50 cm for the front and rear walls; 4 things. With dimensions 35×50 cm for the bottom and lid and 4 pcs. With dimensions of 30×35 cm for side walls;
- Wooden slats 2–2.5 cm thick;
- Wooden boards up to 3 cm thick;
- Sheds. two small or one large;
- Insulation in the form of sawdust.
In order to make a nest from these materials, you will need the following tools:
- Tape measure and pencil or chalk for measurements and basting;
- Self-tapping screws and nails for fastening the structure;
- Screwdriver or screwdriver.
The slats required for the nest do not have to be purchased. they can be made yourself from the corresponding boards. Chipboard or OSB can be used instead of plywood. But for insulation, you can take any suitable and safe material, for example, foam. However, sawdust is the cheapest and most environmentally friendly option, while maintaining excellent thermal insulation properties.
Making a nest for a rabbit begins with preparing drawings and cutting plywood and slats according to them. Further actions are in the following sequence:
- It is necessary to nail the slats to each plywood sheet around the perimeter. This is done with all sheets, except for those two that are intended for the future manhole. The slats must clearly correspond to the length of the plywood sheets and fit snugly together, otherwise sawdust will spill out through the resulting cracks and can pose a danger to rabbits.
- Sawdust is poured into the resulting framework. They need to be well tamped and covered very tightly. If you neglect this rule and do not compress the sawdust, then during operation they will go astray, which will negatively affect the effectiveness of the insulation.
- After the frames have been filled with insulation, they must be sheathed with a second sheet of plywood from the open side. Thus, one-piece finished parts are obtained.
- Now you can tackle the front wall, which will have a hole for the rabbit. This wall is made differently and is prefabricated. So, one part of it, the one in which there will be a hole, should consist of a board in which a hole is cut, and the second part is made up of slats, sheathed with plywood and filled with insulation, like the rest of the structure. Both parts of the front wall are fastened together.
- The manhole can be cut with a jigsaw, but if there is none, then an ordinary hacksaw is also suitable for these purposes. In addition, the hole for the rabbit does not have to be made exactly round if this does not work out. You can simply cut a square hole on the side of the wall with a hacksaw. The main thing is that it should be of such a size that the rabbit can crawl into it, and the heat does not leave the space of the mother liquor faster than necessary.
- All finished parts are assembled and fastened with nails or self-tapping screws so that a box is obtained, but the lid is not attached yet.
- It is best to make the cover openable, therefore, using self-tapping screws, you need to screw the canopies to the upper edge of the back wall, on which the part is planted.
The mother liquor made according to this instruction is mainly a summer version and is used in the warm season. Most often, there is no need to heat the nest, as rabbits rarely breed during the winter. However, this still happens, so it becomes necessary to attend to heating elements for the structure. So, for example, you can use a special electric heating pad for mother liquors.
Its size is matched to the size of the inner space of the box. It is enough to put such a heating pad on the bottom of the box, cover it with a cloth and cover it with straw: the rabbits will feel comfortable on the warm floor. You can turn on the heating pad as needed. You can also use modern heating methods. for example, make a warm floor using a film with special built-in heating elements, placed under the mother liquor.
Rails up to 2 cm thick are installed around the perimeter, on top of which the box is placed. Thus, a warm air cushion appears between the film and the bottom of the mother liquor. It is possible to insulate a nest for rabbits for the winter without using electric heating devices. To do this, it is enough to cover the outside of the box with sheets of foam, and put heating pads or bottles of hot water inside. And although this method is completely safe for rabbits, it is rather troublesome, since it is necessary to regularly monitor the temperature of the water in the heating pads and constantly change it. If there are a lot of rabbits, then this method is not very profitable. In winter, the mother’s breeding must be equipped with a thermometer or electric heaters with automatic thermoregulation, because overheating is very bad for both adult rabbits and babies.
Using the rabbit nest
A queen cell is installed in a cage to a pregnant rabbit about 5 days before the expected birth. it is necessary for her to build a nest inside the box. The rabbit lines the bottom with straw, as well as shreds of her own wool, which she pulls out on her chest and belly. The fact that childbirth will take place soon can be understood by the behavior of the female. she becomes aggressive and restless, rushes around the cage, makes attempts to arrange the nest. Pre-installation of the mother liquor will allow the animal to get used to it, sniff it, and if the female finds the box cozy and safe, she will begin to nest in it. Although sometimes young females can begin to drag the litter to the nest after the nesting. In this case, you can first help the inexperienced mother and partially equip the nest yourself. In order for the rabbit not to abandon the mother liquor, it should not contain foreign odors, it should be dry and warm, protected and cozy. However, without an urgent need for that, it is not necessary to climb into the nest and look under the opening lid too often, otherwise the female will feel uncomfortable and may refuse the box. Additional lighting is not needed: rabbits feel great in the dark, and rabbits are born in dark holes and at first do not need lighting.
Rabbits are quite responsible mothers, so they take care of the babies themselves and usually they do not need any additional human intervention. Although rabbits usually do not breed in winter due to cold weather, at home, when the animals maintain a stable warm temperature regime, replenishment can be expected at any time.
Therefore, for winter, insulated queen cells are needed, but the temperature regime in them must be controlled so that the rabbits do not overheat. In the warm season, heating in the box is no longer needed. Cleaning should be done in the nest regularly.
The litter must be changed as it gets dirty and to prevent the accumulation of moisture and excrement on the wooden bottom of the box, otherwise the plywood may start to rot, which will disrupt the thermal insulation properties of the structure and become source of propagation of pathogenic bacteria. You should not push the rabbits to leave the mother house. The first 20 days the rabbit will be with them in the nest, but then she and the offspring will independently leave a kind of “hole” and come out. The size of the queen cell is important for the rabbit, because in a too small box she will be uncomfortable, and too large she will perceive as another cage and will defecate there. But little rabbits will relieve themselves right in the nest. Therefore, in order to protect the bottom of the plywood from rotting due to urine and excrement, you can lay galvanized sheets on the bottom. But you need to be careful with this in winter, because iron has a high thermal conductivity, due to which the temperature in the mother liquor will drop greatly.
You can protect yourself from this by laying a thick layer of straw on top of the sheets, at least 20 cm. When equipping the nest with heating devices, you need to worry about complete isolation of all elements from rabbits access to them. The wires must be taken out of the cage, otherwise there is a high probability that the rabbits will simply gnaw through them, and all parts of the heaters must be reliably protected from moisture, urine and animal excrement, otherwise, otherwise, this can lead to a short circuit and fire the structure.
The mother-house for a rabbit is a design that is easy and cheap to make yourself. It is made from scrap materials, practically does not require financial and time costs, and for animals it serves as a reliable shelter, provides them with a sense of security, and in winter it serves as the necessary heating for naked and defenseless rabbits.
It is not difficult to build a queen cell for rabbits with your own hands, even without carpentry skills and special drawings. However, there are some nuances that need to be considered:
- The size of the room should be exactly such that the rabbit and cubs have enough space in it to accommodate.
- The floor in the house for young females should be covered with straw (experienced “mothers” insulate it on their own).
- It is better to use deciduous trees for construction, as the aroma of conifers may be too harsh for animals. It happened that because of this, the females abandoned their own cubs.
- The manhole provided in one of the walls of the structure must be made at a short distance from the floor. When the young rabbits have a desire to explore the world around them, it will be very difficult for them to get out of a high-located hole. However, too low placement of the access door is also undesirable, because then the kids will begin to leave the house ahead of time.
The uterus is very important when equipping a rabbit cage. It provides the possibility of year-round offspring. In this separate house, temperature drops are minimal, there are no drafts and direct sunlight, various external stimuli have practically no effect on the well-being of the rabbit and her offspring.
The size of the mother liquor for rabbits can be different, because in essence it is a box or box with a separate hole and a warm bed inside, so it all depends on the breed and size of the rabbit. If we are talking about small animals of decorative breeds, then they need a very small compartment. But the special room reserved for the representatives of the giant species should be much more spacious.
However, farms most often contain ordinary rabbits, medium in size, so below will be the approximate dimensions and step-by-step instructions for creating an impromptu maternity hospital for such animals.
The optimal dimensions are: 50 × 30 × 30 cm (length, width and height, respectively). The diameter of the hole for a rabbit is usually from 15 to 18 cm. The area of the “house” for a female may be slightly smaller, because in natural conditions the burrow for the birth of offspring is rather narrow. If you make the room too large, then it will cease to fulfill its function. the rabbit may decide that this is an extension of the cage and will satisfy natural needs there in the same way as in other places of her dwelling.
The hostess of the livestock of domestic rabbits shares her experience in selecting the correct sizes for the queen cell in the following:
DIY making: instructions and drawings
To create a solid mother liquor, the farmer will need the following tools and materials:
- Boards (25 mm thick);
- Wooden bars to ensure the rigidity of the structure (section size 25 × 25 × 25 mm);
- Wood shavings, sawdust or polystyrene (for insulation);
- Sheds. one large or a couple of small ones will be enough;
- Plywood or wood-based panels (for wall construction);
- Screwdriver or screwdriver;
- Nails and screws;
- Tape measure or long ruler and a scribe.
In order for the nesting site to be suitable for use in the winter, all the nodal details of the structure are made double and insulation is laid. The procedure is as follows:
- Blanks for the frame of each side are cut from wooden blocks. Frames are made of them and on one side they are upholstered with plywood (except for the wall in which a hole for the rabbit will be cut).
- Insulation is placed tightly into the resulting space.
- Blanks with insulation are sheathed with plywood on the other side.
- A wall with a “passage” for a female is also made on a frame made of bars, but the prefabricated one is made of wooden boards, and the other is made of plywood. A hole of the required diameter is cut out in them. a hole. On the side of the boards, it is upholstered with bars around the perimeter. Before assembly, the front wall is filled with insulation.
- The bottom and sides are assembled and secured to create an open box.
- The cover is most often fixed with hinges. Such a “hatch” allows you to freely control the process of birth, observe the development of rabbits, as well as clean and disinfect the room.
The finished structure is placed in the cage with the female shortly before the rounding. The rabbit will take a little time to get used to the new room and insulate its bottom with its own fluff.
Sometimes the floor in the mother liquor is built with a slight slope to simplify cleaning.
Adult rabbits tolerate temperatures below freezing well, however, in the cold period, they tend to reduce their cravings for reproduction. If the animals are provided with comfortable conditions and an appropriate temperature regime, then the appearance of rabbits with the usual regularity can be expected in winter frosts.
For heating, it is more convenient to equip the mother liquor with an electric heating pad or a system of so-called “warm floors”. The ideal option is to use thermostats to avoid overheating the animals. Electricity must be conducted in such a way that all wires are reliably hidden and animals in no case could reach them.
An alternative solution using improvised means can be ordinary heating pads or plastic bottles filled moderately with hot water. The mother liquor is covered with them from different sides, and the water is replaced as it cools.
An experienced rabbit breeder tells how to prepare heated rooms for females with offspring in the following:
What is the mother liquor for?
In nature, rabbits are born in specially equipped burrows deep underground, where no one and nothing can disturb them. On the farm, the animals are most often kept in cages, which allow observing the growth process of animals and controlling it.
In order for the expectant mother to feel safe, to completely surrender herself to the process of caring for the cubs and feed them properly, she needs a cozy, secluded place. For these purposes, the mother cell was invented. a small separate room in the cage, which plays the role of a kind of maternity hospital, helping to create an imitation of natural living conditions for the rabbit.
In a small enclosed space, the cubs are completely safe: they are protected from drafts and direct sunlight, and the female reliably heats them with her heat. To make it more convenient to control the growth of rabbits and take care of the animals, farmers often make a removable or folding roof or a small inspection hatch in the queen cells.
Do-it-yourself rabbit mother’s bed
The task of a mother liquor for rabbits is to provide comfortable conditions as close as possible to natural habitat for a pregnant female and her future offspring from the first days of life. In the article, we will tell you in detail what materials are needed in order to make a compartment for rabbits and how to do it yourself.
Practical recommendations and detailed information on the manufacture of mother liquors on their own from scrap materials can be found in the following stories:
A loving husband and a caring father. A versatile person who is interested in literally everything. The gardening theme is no exception. I am always glad to discover something new for myself and share it with other people. It is of the opinion that nature is the second home for every person, therefore, it should be treated with respect.
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In Australia, scientists have begun experiments to clone several varieties of grapes grown in cold regions. Climate warming, which is predicted for the next 50 years, will lead to their disappearance. Australian varieties have excellent characteristics for winemaking and are not susceptible to diseases common in Europe and America.
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Description and purpose
As is known from zoology, in natural habitat, that is, in nature, rabbits prepare burrows some time before the birth of their cubs. These shelters help create a warm and safe environment for newly born babies. It is in the hole that the female is able to safely give birth and feed the babies in the first days. It is natural for adults and small rabbits to be in some kind of shelter, therefore, it is important for the farmer to create similar conditions so that the caring process is successful.
It should be borne in mind that if a pregnant rabbit is in an open cage, she can experience feelings of anxiety, often get nervous. As a result, the female may lose milk and she will not be able to feed her offspring. Therefore, it is important to provide her with a secluded place where she can naturally and comfortably bear and give birth to cubs. And for rabbits that are born blind and hairless, warm conditions are necessary. These will certainly be provided by the rabbit, but it is important for the farmer himself to make sure that the space for such procedures is the most convenient.
An excellent solution for all these purposes is the mother liquor. Roughly speaking, this is a container that is closed on all sides and equipped with a small round or oval loophole. In it, you can alternately combine such a structure as a maternity ward (or, as it is also called, a birthing box) together with a house for still fragile babies and mothers.
Industrial queen cells, which are most often used on large-scale rabbit farms, are a kind of extension to the rabbit‘s main dwelling. A similar design can be made with your own hands. It is only important to consider some of the features that will help you create the perfect house for rabbits.
For large breeds
These include, for example, a gray or white giant, a Soviet chinchilla. The mother liquor of the following dimensions is ideal for them:
- Height. about 0.75 meters;
- Length. no more than 1 meter, usually it is 0.9 meters;
- Width 0 is about 0.5 meters, often 0.4 is taken;
- Loophole diameter. 0.2 meters.
Most often, breeders of animals when creating a queen cell are guided by its standard and long-developed sizes. The size of the house for rabbits can also be affected by the capacity of the cage itself, how much space is still free for the kids. Of course, it is important to pay attention to the breed of rabbits so that they are not cramped. If the type of animal is rather large, then the size of the mother liquor increases accordingly.
For medium breeds
Medium animals are those whose weight does not exceed 6 kilograms, and the length is no more than 0.5 meters. These include breeds such as the Viennese blue rabbit, New Zealand representatives of the family, silver, rex, butterfly, French ram and some others. But for Californian, Dutch and black-brown rabbits, it is better to make a queen cell slightly larger in size. The optimal size of the mother liquor for their maintenance:
- Height. 0.3 meters;
- Length. about 0.5-0.55 meters;
- Width. does not exceed 0.4 meters, often it is 0.35 meters;
- The diameter of the loophole. no more than 0.2 meters.
For decorative rocks
For example, for dwarf and colored rams, for black-fire and angora rabbits, a mother cell with the following values is required:
- Height. 0.25 meters;
- Length. about half a meter;
- Width. about 0.3 meters;
- Loophole diameter. 0.1 meters.
As mentioned above, the main requirement for a homemade mother liquor is to create conditions as close as possible to natural ones. It is also important to focus on the climatic conditions of your region and the season during which it is planned to produce okrol. In order for the living conditions of the cubs and mothers to be comfortable, it is necessary to equip heating. If this is not provided, you need to take care of the availability of warm bedding. This can be a clean insulated cloth, dry hay, sawdust, cardboard or paper. The choice again depends on the weather conditions.
The dimensions of the dwelling, of course, depend on the size of the breed of rabbits itself: they should not be cramped, but it is also better not to build a house that is too spacious. This is fraught with consequences. If the mother is small and cramped in it, the rabbit may simply refuse to go there and feed the offspring, which is not good for newborns. If the puppy is too large and spacious, then the female is able to confuse it with the cage itself and begin to relieve herself there. Of course, this way the outcome of events will significantly worsen the sanitary standards of animal breeding and add a lot of work to the farmer.
The main requirement for the general design of the mother liquor is the presence of an opening and removable top cover, which can be removed for cleaning and control over the cubs and rabbits. Therefore, it is important to take into account all the nuances in advance, make measurements, develop a drawing so as not to miscalculate and from the first time create a practical and convenient mother plant for both rabbits and the owner.
Now let’s go directly to the instructions, in which we will describe in detail how to properly make a mother plant with our own hands and provide newborn rabbits with a warm and safe home. The first step will be to create the walls of the structure from a plywood sheet: in total, you need to make 12 rectangular sheets. The front and back walls must be the same size, they need 4 rectangles, their sizes are 0.3 and 0.56 meters.
The side walls are created from 4 rectangles, the dimensions of which are 0.3 and 0.35 meters. And finally, for the size of 4 rectangles for the floor and roof, they are also 0.3 and 0.56.
At the next stage, you need to stock up on wooden slats of a certain length: their number is 14 pieces. 8 bars should be 0.56 meters. They are ideal for the construction of a solid structure for the front and back walls, the bottom and the ceiling of the mother liquor. The length of the other 4 bars should be 0.31 meters. for the rest of the joints inside the birth ward.
We proceed to the cladding of the general structure. From the bars obtained at the second stage, it is necessary to build a rectangular frame, resorting to the help of nails. Then fill the resulting frame on another sheet of plywood, prepared in the first stage. This will end up with the first side. According to a similar algorithm, it is necessary to build other walls: a floor, a ceiling and two side.
The wall where the rabbit hole will be located must be designed according to the same principle, adding a hole. From the bottom, you need to retreat about 0.05 meters and cut a loophole with a diameter corresponding to the rabbit breed. It is important to take into account the height from the floor to the manhole. It should be such that the rabbit can safely jump from the cage to the queen cell and back, but at the same time so that the cubs cannot reach the manhole and climb into the cage, which is still cool for them.
At the next stage, we will turn to the assembly of a full-fledged frame for the future mother liquor. It is necessary to knock down the walls and the bottom between themselves. It is necessary to attach hinges to the upper side of the side wall, and install a lid on them, which, as already mentioned above, will reduce the energy consumption for cleaning the mother liquor. At the final stage, it is important to take care of the warm keeping of the cubs. install heating, especially if the mother is winter. It can be either electric heating pads or any of your own inventions to keep warm.
Rabbit mother bed: what it is and how to make it yourself?
- Description and purpose
- Primary requirements
- Required materials and tools
- Recommendations for use
Every farmer knows firsthand: in order for animal breeding to bring pleasure and a stable income, it is important to properly care for the pets, provide them with all the necessary and try to maintain living conditions close to ideal. And if it comes to baby animals, then there should be no disputes. it is important to comply with all the conditions so that newborns grow up strong and healthy individuals.
Required materials and tools
To build a standard size mother liquor, the following materials will be required:
- Plywood sheets 0.03 centimeters thick;
- Wooden board 2.5 centimeters thick;
- Wooden bars, the section of which is 2.58 by 2.5 or 2.5 by 3;
- A metal sheet;
From the tools you need to prepare:
- Nails and self-tapping screws (those that are convenient for you, but it is important to proceed from considerations of the reliability of the structure);
Raising broiler rabbits
The most popular among rabbit breeders are meat and fur breeds, many prefer to raise rabbits for meat, therefore they take a large meat breed.
Among the most popular large meat types:
- Belgian giant (flanders). at puberty this breed is distinguished by males up to 6-8 kg, females up to 4-6 kg.
- Gray giant. this breed weighs on average 5-7 kg in live weight (adult).
- White giant. 4-6 kg (adult rabbit).
Summer mother plant
If you make do-it-yourself queen cells for rabbits, their sizes vary depending on the breed and in the first place. From the size of the rabbit. On average, they have the following parameters: side walls 350 mm by 400 mm, front and back walls 500 mm by 300 mm. The bottom and top cover will also be 500 mm by 300 mm in size. It will not be difficult to build a box, the only thing to consider is to make a large enough hole in the front wall so that on one side the rabbit enters the queen cell and falls into the nest, and on the other side there are rabbits in this nest. If it is difficult to make the entrance round, like a burrow, then it is quite possible to make it rectangular: the main thing is to provide a side in the construction of the mother liquor so that the little rabbits do not fall out of the mother liquor, accidentally falling out of the nest.
Do-it-yourself queen cell sizes for a rabbit: drawings. Sizes of a queen cell for large rabbits
Any aspiring rabbit breeder expects rabbits’ natural ability to reproduce highly fertile offspring to be pleasing to the eye and generate income or provide dietary meat in their diet. However, rabbits are quite capricious in grooming, especially if you choose a hybrid broiler breed: flanders or giant. They are more sensitive to infections, drafts, especially in newborn rabbits.
The positive aspects of breeding rabbits are that they are fertile and clean, therefore, organizing the right care, it is quite possible to avoid problems. However, if you have opted for a large breed of rabbit, it is worth knowing about some of the nuances of their breeding.
Rabbit breeds are large broiler (in rare cases they even reach 18-20 kg in weight), medium (up to 6-7 kg) and decorative (these babies are often kept as an apartment animal, because a lot of space is not required to place a cage, and the size of the queen cell for a rabbit is also very compact). They are classified according to the color and quality of the fur, the volume of the attainable weight, some specific breed characteristic.
Rules for the care of newborn rabbits
Rabbits are born, like all mammals, blind and practically hairless, so their body is weak and prone to infections and drafts. This is what should be avoided in the first days: do not touch the rabbits with your hands so that the mother does not abandon them because of someone else’s smell, do not open the mother house without urgent need and prevent cold and drafts in the nest. The rabbit who did not survive in the litter will remove herself. As for what size of the queen cell for rabbits should be for year-round okrol, there are some subtleties here.
What to consider when breeding large breed rabbits
Large rabbits are characterized by such signs as phlegmatic character, relatively low fertility, late maturity. It should be noted that such rabbits need large cages, respectively, and the size of the queen cell for large rabbits should be larger. In addition, the diet of rabbits that are bred for meat should include proteins so that they gain weight more intensively, they are quite demanding on the purity of the cells. Usually, the size of the queen cell for rabbits, the drawings of which illustrate an ordinary box with a convenient entrance, depend on whether the okrol is planned all year round or only in the warm season. On the one hand, it is advisable to create conditions for the appearance of offspring in the warm season from the considerations that it is easier to feed a mother who feeds babies up to two months old with milk, and the grown offspring. Often rabbits that drink breast milk are slaughtered for meat at the age of two months. Leaving a young rabbit for growth, which ate rabbit milk for a longer time, is also possible in winter, it has a strong immunity. On the other hand, if space permits, and the okrol is planned year-round, the size of the rabbit queen cell should also take into account the cold season. Such a mother cell should have good walls with insulation.
How to insulate the walls of the mother liquor
If you are using the classic rectangular box design, the lid can be arranged on top across the entire width, or it can be done on the side, in front. The winter queen cell for rabbits is, accordingly, larger due to the insulation, which passes along the perimeter of the cage and the bottom in a separate layer. Small sawdust, wood shavings are used as insulation. The sawdust is packed very tightly between the two pieces of plywood that make up one wall. You can also use foam, and replace the outer part of the plywood with another, cheaper option. The dimensions of the queen cell for the rabbit on the inside will be 2-3 cm wider, only all the parts will need to be cut out in double quantities, two parts will go to each of the walls and the floor. The outer side will be equipped with additional slats that hold the walls together, each pair of parts will be fastened to each other with blocks of 2-3 cm thick, depending on the width that you choose for the insulation.
Queen bee for decorative rabbit
If you keep a small decorative rabbit (more precisely, a rabbit) in an apartment or house and are going to get offspring from her, you must take into account her complete safety and the protection of her brood from other pets. In order for future rabbits not to fall through the bars of the cage when they are born, you need to provide a special room where the rabbit can give birth to them and leave them for a while until she needs to leave. This room is called a mother house for rabbits, its size should not be large, this is not necessary, however, the comfort of such a dwelling for the coming weeks for rabbits must be observed.
Standard sizes of a queen cell for rabbits, drawings, recommendations
Usually they use a rectangular queen cell with a side entrance for the rabbit, which is installed directly in the cage. The mother is subsequently removed from it, and the rabbit with the brood remains and feeds the babies, who are already quite adapted to independent life.
If the breeder is simultaneously waiting for replenishment in the rabbit family from several females, it is advisable to place the queen cells in such a way that the side walls are in contact, and the entrance to them is in the front, and the nest is located under the rear wall. It is very practical to use full wall heating during particularly cold months. And it can be done with the help of a supplied light bulb into the niche of each mother liquor, formed by an unfilled cavity for insulation, between two plywood walls. It turns out that the nest will be warm, and the rabbits will survive even in frost. What size should a rabbit queen be if you use a light bulb as insulation? Taking as a basis the dimensions of the rabbit queen cell, which you are making for the summer period, you need to add 7 cm to its length, using this place under the cavity for the light bulb. The only concern will be to regularly check whether the light bulb has burned out from the 24/7 heating.
Fiberboard is not suitable for the material, the rabbit, being on the eve of the ring, can gnaw all thin sheets, therefore it is recommended to make them from plywood: this material is good in operation.