Not only the vertebral discs are damaged, but also the ligamentous apparatus. Depending on the localization of the lesion, there are also different symptoms.
The dog lies a lot, stops running, playing, reluctantly and slowly rises
During the entire period of illness, the animal shows in every possible way that something is interfering with it. She may lie uncharacteristically, move a little, whine if she touches the affected area.
Osteochondrosis develops slowly, limbs begin to fail only at the last stage.
The corgi and the dachshund, the German shepherd, have large spacing between the vertebrae, leading to prolapse. The fibrinous ring under the influence of various factors is displaced beyond the boundaries of the vertebral disc, dragging the nucleus pulposus with it. Nerves are compressed.
The process is developing slowly. Often seen in older dogs.
You can understand that a dog is suffering from a hernia by the following signs:
- Lies in an unusual position for her, cannot walk.
- Refuses active games, sluggish.
- The hind legs first give way, the dog falls down, weakness appears, and does not feel well. Complete paralysis appears some time after the onset of the disease.
- When touching the back (usually the lumbar region), it shows that it is ill.
It so happens that only the fibrinous ring crawls out of the vertebral disc, without pulling the nucleus behind it. With this pathology, paralysis of the pelvic limbs does not develop, but the gait becomes shaky and uncertain.
A characteristic sign of the disease is stiffness of movement after sleep or long rest.
In the early stages, NSAIDs are used. In advanced cases, surgery.
An operation to place pins and plates so that the bone heals properly. After a month, the dog gets up on its paws and begins to lead an active life.
Bulldogs are susceptible. The essence of the disease. due to the large distance between the vertebrae, a weakening of the ligamentous apparatus occurs. The vertebrae descends, injures the spinal cord.
The disease is hereditary. Often found in the following breeds:
- French bulldogs.
Tumors and herniated discs
Depending on the size of the pathology, an operation is performed.
What to do if a dog’s hind legs fail?
- The dog hides and squeals when touched behind its back.
- The dog is passive when the rest of the dogs frolic.
Causes and Diseases Leading to Hind Paw Failure in Dogs
Cases of damage directly to the limbs include injuries (fractures, sprains and ruptures of tendons, damage to peripheral nerves), as well as arthritis and arthrosis of the joints of the limbs, tumors.
Degenerative diseases of the spine
- Genetically determined developmental defects that cause vertebral instability.
- Rheumatoid lesions.
- Spine injury.
- Microcirculation disorder leading to disc power failure.
- Autoimmune processes.
Hindpaw failure in dogs. symptoms, causes and first aid
- Starts to move abnormally.
- The hind legs seem to stop obeying, become weak.
- Paresis or complete paralysis of the pelvic limbs develops.
Most often, this problem occurs in dogs of small and medium breeds, which have a genetic predisposition to lesions of the intervertebral discs. These dogs include mainly dachshunds, in addition to all brachycephalic breeds. Pekingese, French Bulldog, Brabancon and others. As a rule, the hind legs of these dogs begin to work abnormally at the age of 3-8 years.
What a veterinarian does when a dog’s hind legs fail
- Check the safety of the sensitivity (tactile and pain) of the limbs.
- Check the safety of reflexes.
- Check for pain in the spine.
- Prescribe an X-ray examination.
- Perhaps myelography will be done, that is, an X-ray will be taken after a special X-ray contrast substance is injected into the spinal canal. This is done to identify the slightest irregularities that are not noticeable in a regular image, as well as to determine the exact localization of the process. If necessary, prescribe blood and urine tests to identify concomitant pathologies (pyelonephritis, renal, hepatic, heart failure, etc.).
If your dog’s hind legs are denied. call us at 8 (495) 212-19-25 and our veterinarians will provide you with all the necessary assistance!
Various injuries lead to damage to joints, bones, tendons, and nerves. Injuries to the spine are especially dangerous. they change the integrity of the structure and cause edema, which presses on the spinal cord and disrupts innervation.
The dog can get hurt during:
- active games;
- fights with relatives;
- car accidents. a dog can be hit by a car if it walks unattended;
- falls from a height. and the elevation does not have to be large, small breeds (toy terriers, Yorkies) are often injured, jumping off sofas, tables, armchairs;
- a sharp turn when running.
The most favorable outcome is if the pet just injured the paw or its pad. In this case, he will worry, whine when he sits down, limp or drag a limb.
Loss of paw mobility in a dog can develop due to dangerous viruses. carnivore plague or rabies. At risk are unvaccinated animals that are constantly in contact with stray dogs and wild animals. foxes, raccoons, bats.
With distemper and rabies, the pet will have a staggering, “drunken” gait. The symptom occurs in the late stages of the development of the disease, when it is almost impossible to cure the dog. Additional common signs for both conditions: vomiting, diarrhea, seizures, cough.
Severe degenerative disease associated with deformation of the vertebral cartilage.
Due to excess mineralization, it becomes harder than it should be normal.
Osteochondrosis of the spinal column is provoked by congenital anomalies, overweight, autoimmune processes, impaired trophism (nutrition) of tissues, and trauma. At risk. small breeds of dogs, less often. medium.
Symptoms of pathology differ from the area of the lesion. If the articular cartilage is affected, the following will appear:
- unsteady gait;
- braiding paws;
- inability to sit. the pet can put out its hind leg for support.
When osteochondrosis spreads to the intervertebral discs, the symptoms are aggravated:
- discomfort when moving;
- decrease or complete loss of sensitivity of the limbs;
- in advanced cases, leads to the fact that the dog’s hind legs are taken away.
Cysts, benign and oncological formations in the spine or nearby provoke swelling, compression of nerve endings, deformation of cartilage.
- paresis or paralysis of the hind legs;
- atypical gait;
- curved back;
- inability to empty the bladder and intestines, walking under oneself.
Soreness is added to these symptoms. The dog squeals when the position of the body changes, during games, sharp touches on the back.
What breeds are at risk?
Some breeds have more paws removed than others. This is due to tough selection, a violent change in the skeleton for the sake of working or decorative qualities.
Leg failure usually occurs in young and adult pets at 3 to 8 years old, less often in puppies.
Osteoarthritis or spondelosis makes itself felt in old dogs. at the age of 11-14 years and older.
- long-bodied dogs. dachshunds, bassets;
- brachycephalics. pugs, bulldogs (English and French), Pekingese, Brabancons, boxers, Shar Pei;
- large breeds. St. Bernards, Great Danes, Shepherds, Labradors, Alabai.
Develops in older dogs when parts of the spine begin to “age” and weaken.
To strengthen bone structures, the body builds up spurs. osteophytes. Formations are usually localized in the thoracic and lumbar spine.
Spondylosis takes a long time, rarely causes severe pain. But sometimes it pinches the nerve roots and the dog can completely paralyze.
What diseases cause paralysis?
In dogs, paresis of the hind legs (partial loss of sensation) or paralysis (complete loss of mobility) cause diseases that can develop unnoticed for a long time. Among such reasons are injuries, degenerative diseases of the spine and joints, neurological pathologies.
The inability to stand up is the final symptom. It indicates the transition of the defect to the final stage of development, which is difficult to stop. Paralysis usually occurs abruptly: in the morning the dog was running happily, and after a few hours it lies and refuses to get up.
All pet owners need to understand why their hind legs fail and what to do in such a situation. Doing something on your own can be dangerous for the dog: if the spinal cord is damaged, this can provoke paralysis and even death of the animal.
Therefore, if there are signs of problems with the limbs, or the dog’s paws have already been taken away, it is necessary to take the animal to the veterinary clinic. Sometimes, only an instant decision can save a dog’s life and health.
The reasons why a dog’s paws can be taken away are quite varied:
- Genetic disorders inherent in a number of breeds that have undergone the most intense human exposure. This is especially common in breeds with an overly long body and short legs. During selective selection, individuals with a deformed body were selected, when the trait was fixed, the animals inherited the accompanying defects. pathologies of the spine and the structure of the pelvic bones, eventually leading to various diseases.
- Arthritis is a common cause of limb mobility impairment. The old dog especially often suffers from this. Worn joints cause severe pain, which makes the paws weak, and it hurts the animal to get up. When moving, nerve endings can be infringed, so the dog is limping, or its hind legs can give way, partially or completely not work.
- Tumors that develop in the immediate vicinity of the spine, pelvic bones, and hip joints can grow and physically impede mobility or cause pinching of the nerves that control paw movements.
- Injuries of various kinds. falls, unsuccessful movements, sharp turns on the run, jumps, bites of other animals, being hit by a car, accompanied by fractures, sprains, tendon ruptures can also cause complete paralysis or partial immobility of the hind limbs. The most common reasons why a dog becomes disabled are accidents involving vehicles. Chasing something or someone, the dog can get under the wheels. Injury to the spine or pelvic bones can cause paralysis of a limb or part of the body.
Any suspicion of spinal cord problems that threaten paralysis requires medical advice and a full examination in a veterinary clinic.
What measures can be taken
Only an experienced veterinarian can treat the disease. This is a very complex pathology that requires an accurate diagnosis. Injuries may require urgent surgery, especially if the animal has a broken paw or suspected damage to the pelvic bones or spine.
Treatments for animals with joint, spine, pelvic and spinal cord lesions are similar to those used for people with the same problems. But using “human” drugs on your own for dogs, especially small breeds, can be very risky.
Only a veterinarian who is familiar with this problem can choose the drug and the correct dose. Sometimes only more harm can be done by inept treatment. Massages and thermal procedures without the permission of a doctor can be especially dangerous in this regard.
Treatment will be especially effective if you manage to see a doctor before paresis and paralysis develop, while the dog suffers only from pain. At this time, the body is still sensitive to the action of drugs, and this can prevent the onset of irreversible changes.
Painkillers should not be given before a visit to the doctor, as they can distort the picture of the disease. In case of injury, the animal must be taken to the veterinary clinic in such a way that it is deprived of the ability to move. Otherwise, under the influence of pain, the dog may further aggravate its condition, causing the displacement of broken bones, damage to nerves or rupture of blood vessels, which threatens with bleeding.
Due to the weakened limbs, the dog experiences severe anxiety, nervousness and squeals in pain if you touch the affected area of the body. It is necessary to provide her with complete peace, and the doctor will take the necessary measures after the diagnosis. It may include an X-ray of the damaged area of the body, ultrasound of internal organs if the animal has been injured in an accident, myelography, blood and urine tests, and other procedures as prescribed by a specialist.
The dog’s paws may come off soon after the pain appears. If the process has just begun, it is hoped that the immobility will be temporary. Do not massage or try to force the dog to walk, this can aggravate his condition. An older animal often has leg problems.
They require complex treatment, changes in nutrition, special devices for complete paralysis, as well as in the presence of injuries of the spine and pelvis with damage to the spinal cord.
The treatment of such diseases is long and complex, always complex. It depends on the age of the animal, the severity and extent of damage, the presence of other diseases, especially chronic ones, which can aggravate the damage. Usually, several different drugs are prescribed, the list of which includes pain relievers, anti-inflammatory, vitamin, immunomodulating and other drugs.
In the case of surgical interventions, severe injuries with bleeding, fractures and bruises of tissues, antibiotics, hemostatic, antihistamines and other agents can be used.
It is necessary to pay attention to the diet of the convalescent animal. It should be balanced, high in calories, rich in calcium to accelerate the healing of damaged bones, but at the same time easy enough for sick animals to digest.
Severe illnesses in pets are a serious test for their owners, but you should not put a four-legged friend to sleep only because of the paralyzed hind legs. If the doctor gives a favorable prognosis, he has a chance for a completely normal life.
Even with completely paralyzed hind legs, sick or injured dogs move briskly in special wheelchairs and do not feel inferior in any way. They just enjoy life.
Symptoms of the disease
If the animal’s hind legs fail after an accident or any other injury, the owners, in principle, are ready for the complications that occur. It’s another matter when outwardly diseases do not manifest themselves in any way. Problems appear like a bolt from the blue.
The animal’s legs simply give way, it staggers, trying to get up, whines, suffers, and the owners cannot understand how this happened. Sometimes the dog cannot stand on its hind legs immediately after sleep, in other cases everything happens against the background of complete external well-being.
It can be very difficult to notice a problem until the animal begins to limp or simply cannot move. Sometimes the disease begins with soreness with sudden movements, which turns into severe sharp pain. The animal suffers when moving, so it tries to limit its mobility.
Owners can detect the disease by changing the behavior of the dog. it lies a lot, stops running, playing, reluctantly and slowly rises and goes to the owner’s call. The dog’s gait becomes shaky, uncertain, he moves with obvious difficulty, he can drag his paw or limp.
Heavy, “raw” dogs such as St. Bernards often suffer from hip dysplasia. A characteristic sign of the disease is stiffness of movement after sleep or long rest, then during the day, mobility is restored, and the next day everything repeats.
Paralysis rarely develops in the front half of the body, in most dogs arthritis, spondylosis, osteochondrosis, discopathies and other spinal problems are more often diagnosed in the thoracic and lumbar spine.
Sometimes the paws of an animal can buckle right after an unsuccessful jump or turn. This does not mean that it was the awkward movement that caused the paresis or paralysis. Most likely, the disease has been latently developing for a long time, and a sharp movement simply became a catalyst that accelerated its manifestation.
Why the dog’s paws are taken away?
Sometimes pet dog owners are faced with a serious problem. the paws are taken away from the dog. This is often due to an accident or other accident, but some breeds have a genetic tendency to develop hind limb paralysis.
Most often, misfortune happens suddenly and greatly shocks the owners. Therefore, they must definitely know what to do if the dog’s hind legs fail.
How to avoid problems with hind legs
If neurological disorders or joint problems are genetically based, the owner is unlikely to be able to do anything, at least if the dog is already paralyzed. But, being warned of the possibility of paralysis of the limbs, the owners will be able to recognize the disease in the early stages, take timely measures and seek medical help.
Knowledge will help to avoid bitter regrets, when looking back, the owners understand that they had a chance to protect and save their pet.
In the event of injury or paralysis due to tumor formation, early treatment can save the life of the animal. Sometimes problems with hind legs can appear in a dog due to slippery floors in the apartment, dangerously located decor items that the dog can drop on itself.
A good owner will try to minimize the risk to the dog’s health, remove dangerous items, put a special rubber pad under the carpet and make sure that the animal walks in the safest possible conditions.
Quick and thoughtful actions, even in case of illness, can protect the animal from complete paralysis, if you are very lucky, then keep it mobile. The dog will live, and this is the highest reward for the owners.
Each disease requires a specific approach. In case of injuries, surgical operations are performed and pins with plates are inserted. After the bones grow together, they are removed. Such interventions are not performed by every veterinarian. The operation is expensive.
Limping Dog:Muscle Strain or Muscle Pull
If damage to peripheral nerve endings occurs, then drugs are prescribed to stimulate the recovery process. Treatment is required for a long time, since the regeneration takes a long time.
Osteochondrosis is best treated at an early stage. Chondroprotectors are used to restore cartilage tissue, B vitamins support the nervous system.
To relieve an attack, non-steroidal inflammatory drugs are used. Massaging and warming up with a blue lamp relieves the condition of the dog.
With osteochondrosis, a lifelong diet is required. For her, they use lines of professional feeds of at least premium class. They contain special supplements that support joint health.
There is no cure for spondylosis, but supportive care is possible. For her, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs and physiotherapy are used.
After serious injuries, musculoskeletal problems are expected and owners are not surprised to find them. It is more difficult with the development of diseases, since at the initial stage they do not give symptoms.
As a result, one day the dog tries, but cannot stand on its hind legs and whines. The attack may appear after sleep or suddenly during moments of increased physical activity.
In some cases, it all starts with a mild lameness that appears from time to time. In severe forms of the disease, the dog cannot stand up or is in pain with sudden movements.
Very often, the behavior of the dog changes gradually. She begins to lie down more and rises unwillingly. Decreases activity and interest in games. The gait becomes wobbly, unsure. The animal pulls its paws, drags them or limps appreciably.
A characteristic sign of dysplasia is stiffness of movement after sleep. After a while, it goes away. In a dog, weakness in the hind legs can manifest itself after excessive physical exertion or an unsuccessful jump. In this case, a sharp movement serves as a catalyst for the manifestation of the disease.
Reasons why they refuse
Pugs, bulldogs, dachshunds are prone to destruction and displacement of intervertebral discs. Over time, the nerve processes of the spinal cord are pinched and this provokes the appearance of severe pain. In some cases, everything ends in death. In puppies, the pathology may not look so obvious and will be expressed in the weakness of the paws.
Dachshund hind legs failure
It is not always possible to understand why a dog’s hind legs fail. The reasons for this condition are different.
- As a result of a back injury, a hematoma forms, which compresses the nerves. An impulse from the spinal cord to the limb passes through them worse and this causes paralysis. The process is reversible, but only if there is no serious damage.
- Large breeds (St. Bernard, Wolfhound, Rottweiler and others) are prone to dysplasia. Abnormal development of the hip joints occurs at birth or in childhood. As a result, the joints begin to malfunction. Pathology is manifested by a staggering gait and rapid fatigue.
- The dog does not stand on its hind legs with osteochondrosis. The disease occurs after the appearance of intervertebral hernias. Cartilage tissue is mineralized and hardened, which contributes to its rapid destruction. Predisposing factors for the development of the problem:
- excess weight;
- sedentary lifestyle;
- Hind legs give way due to arthritis and arthrosis. In the joints, the layer of cartilaginous tissue is depleted, the heads of the bones begin to rub against each other, and pain appears. With arthritis, an inflammatory process appears, and with arthrosis, bone destruction occurs. The causes of the onset of the disease lie in a lack of vitamins, excessive exercise and obesity.
- Over time, aging of the vertebrae occurs. Most often, this affects the thoracic region and causes the appearance of osteophytes, i.e. bone spines. Because of the discomfort, the animal tries to move less. Back touches are perceived with aggression.
- Tumors can compress nerve endings. In this case, paralysis of the paws is accompanied by other symptoms. The dog characteristically arch its back, loses weight and suffers from urinary and fecal incontinence.
For serious injuries that threaten the dog’s life, the veterinarian will perform surgery. In other cases, a lot of research is needed to make a diagnosis.
When a dog’s legs are taken away, it is prescribed myelography. an X-ray of the spine with the introduction of a contrast agent. It allows you to see lesions of the nerves and membranes of the spinal cord, hernias, tumors. With the help of ultrasound, the condition of the soft tissues is determined. The distance between the vertebrae, the condition of the discs and other structures are assessed.
Blood and urine tests can detect inflammation. To diagnose arthritis, several functional tests are done in the presence of a veterinarian. After that, the joints of the paws are palpated. Painful reaction will confirm the diagnosis.
Spondylosis is detected by several x-rays taken at different time intervals. They allow you to track the dynamics of the appearance of bone spines.
The best way to diagnose any musculoskeletal problem is with an MRI. But such a device is expensive, difficult to use, and not every clinic can afford it. Therefore, it is not always possible to take such pictures.
With dysplasia, deformation of the hip joints occurs. It is determined by the veterinarian by touch. He gently unbends and flexes the dog’s paw, assessing whether there is a crunch or pain. An x-ray is performed, but only under anesthesia. In the waking state, the dog’s muscles will be tense, and under anesthesia, they will relax, and this will make it possible to see the state of the joints.
Some clinics perform arthroscopy. A miniature camera is inserted into the joint through the puncture. This allows you to assess the structure of the tissues and see the affected areas.
Treating the dog
Reasons why dogs have hind legs failure and what to do about it?
Any dog can develop musculoskeletal problems.
However, some breeds are more prone to them.
The hind legs fail for a variety of reasons. We will tell you more about this in this article.
If not treated properly, your dog’s condition will worsen. The time between attacks of paralysis will be reduced, the animal will increasingly limit its mobility.
With the complete failure of the hind limbs, the work of all internal organs, especially the genitourinary system, will be disrupted, which will lead to the development of new diseases. Pain sensations also increase with the development of the disease.
What the owner should do?
If your dog has lost its hind legs, the veterinarian will tell you what to do. Only a doctor will be able to determine the causes of the condition and prescribe treatment.
If the animal is injured, then it is provided with rest. The injured limb is tied to a board or other flat object. If there is a suspicion of spinal problems, then the dog is placed on a board and fixed with bandages. In this form, they are urgently taken to the clinic.
Do not give any medications, including pain relievers. They will distort the test results. In the absence of pain, there is an additional danger: the dog will seek to escape and is even more injured.
At the vet
If a dog’s legs fail and it cannot stand up, it does not need to be forced to do so. Do not massage your back, try to push it to action. You don’t need to feed your pet. The owner should behave calmly. this will reduce the animal’s anxiety.
When a dog has pain in its hind legs, it does not allow to touch them, shows aggression and anxiety. Sometimes the attacks go away on their own after a while. In any case, the animal needs to be shown to the veterinarian to clarify the diagnosis.
You should not use folk remedies in the form of drinking vodka, making up various medicinal mixtures. It will only make the problem worse.
How to avoid the problem?
Some musculoskeletal problems are hereditary. Therefore, it is better to buy a puppy in well-known kennels from trusted producers.
The dog’s diet should be of high quality and complete. During games, the pet should not be allowed to jump from tall structures.
Features of therapy
The exact treatment depends on the cause of the disease. To eliminate spasmodic conditions, nos-pa and other antispasmodics are prescribed. If the animal experiences painful sensations, a course of analgesics in the form of injections is prescribed. At the same time, a neurologist can offer a course of vitamins from group B, which restore the normal functioning of nerve fibers.
In the treatment of paralysis, the blockade of individual nerves with the help of injections of novocaine has a good effect. The affected muscles can warm up, massage procedures are prescribed. Please note: novocaine blockade is an intervention that is carried out only in a clinic under the supervision of an experienced veterinarian-neurologist!
The dog has lost its hind legs: what to do
At the first signs of paralysis, it is important to contact a veterinarian who, through diagnosis and questioning, will find out the root cause of this phenomenon and prescribe treatment. Remember: delay in this case threatens the complete disability of the animal! Since the bulk of such pathologies are neurological in nature, you will need to make an appointment with a narrow specialist.
If the dog is injured (for example, in a fall), and there is a suspicion that it is the spine that is damaged, it is necessary to take the animal to the veterinary clinic as soon as possible. In this case, it is imperative to ensure the immobility of the spine (for this, the dog must be fixed on a wide board with the help of elastic bandages).
With severe painful sensations, you should not give pain relievers on your own. In this case, the animal may begin to move and the vertebrae may be displaced even more, so it is better to wait for a specialist’s visit.
Please note: the symptoms of paralysis often resemble the signs of sciatica. As a result, the inexperienced owner, instead of providing immobilization, conducts massage procedures. This further aggravates the situation, and moreover, time is wasted.
In the veterinary clinic, a comprehensive diagnosis of the pet’s condition is carried out. The doctor performs the following actions:
- Visual inspection.
- Checking the sensitivity of the affected limb.
- Reflex activity test.
- Definition of painful syndrome in the spine.
In some cases, myelography is prescribed: with the help of a contrast agent, even the slightest modifications of the spinal column can be seen.
Spine myelography in dogs
To exclude concomitant pathologies in the kidneys, blood and urine tests are prescribed: laboratory tests enable the veterinarian to determine the exact disease and prescribe the course of treatment.
Dog’s hind legs fail: reasons and what to do
Limb paralysis is a dangerous symptom of a neurological disorder in an animal. The condition in which the hind legs are taken away from the dog is accompanied by symptoms such as weakness in the hind legs, dragging them around, the animal may feel pain during movement or at rest. How to act in this situation?
Causes of a dangerous symptom
The main factors that can cause a dog’s legs to fail include the following:
- Injuries (such as a broken leg, nerve damage, ligament breaks, or sprains).
- The presence of neoplasms.
- Spinal pathology.
Nervous system problems are one of the first causes of paralysis. In this case, in the morning, the animal may feel painful sensations, and by the evening the dog begins to drag its paws and, in the end, they are paralyzed.
Spondylosis of some parts of the spine is another reason for this phenomenon. The disease proceeds slowly and at the first stages is not expressed in certain symptoms, later on the growths form on the spine, which impede the normal movement of the animal.
In the presence of tumors in the spine, the nerve roots and spinal cord are compressed. As a result, the animal develops weakness in the limbs, it characteristically arches its back, and the appetite disappears. The dog makes a whine when trying to move normally.
Hip dysplasia is most commonly seen in heavy breeds. In this case, the dog may limp immediately after sleep, but during the day its normal activity is restored. The disease progresses, if left untreated, the pet may stop walking altogether.
Spinal pathologies develop after bites and unsuccessful falls, in which the integrity of the spinal column is disrupted and swelling appears. As a result, the spinal cord is compressed, leading to paralysis.
There are animals that are at risk for such neurological disorders. These include hounds, dachshunds and other breeds with a long body. If your pet belongs to one of these breeds, it is important to carefully follow the preventive measures.
- Provide your dog with a balanced diet and regular check-ups at the veterinary clinic. Keep a close eye on the dog while walking, after returning from the street, always check the dog for minor injuries and receive treatment in a timely manner.
- Examine the dog’s coat: mite venom is highly toxic. If the parasite is not detected in a timely manner, its poison can provoke paralysis of the paws, and in severe cases, depression of the respiratory function.
- If your dog does not consume enough vitamins with food, ask a specialist for advice on high-quality multivitamins that strengthen the immune system and the state of nerve fibers.
- Offer your pet only fresh food, otherwise such a dangerous disease as botulism, which leads to paralysis of the paws, may occur.
- At the first symptoms of immobility, do not self-medicate: timely transportation of the dog to the veterinary clinic will keep him mobile! If you cannot transport the animal, try calling a clinic that has a specialist home call service (in some organizations, doctors work around the clock).
Thus, if a dog’s hind legs fail during a walk, physical activity or after sleep, it is necessary to take measures as soon as possible to determine the correct diagnosis and prescribe an effective therapy.
You can also ask a question to the in-house veterinarian of our website, who will answer them as soon as possible in the comment box below.
Diseases of the veins
- Varicose veins;
- phlebitis and thrombophlebitis;
- post-thrombophlebitic syndrome.
This disease is widespread and is a very urgent problem in medicine and cosmetology.
- atherosclerosis of the arteries of the lower extremities;
- obliterating endarteritis;
- obliterating thrombangitis;
- embolism and arterial thrombosis.
Atherosclerosis of the arteries of the lower extremities
Among the diseases of the arteries of the lower extremities, atherosclerosis occurs most often. in almost 90% of cases. It belongs to obliterating vascular diseases (obliterating. leading to closure, infection). Previously, the disease was mainly affected by older men. Unfortunately, now there is a tendency for the rejuvenation of this disease, and atherosclerosis occurs already in middle age. Cases of atherosclerosis obliterans in women have also become more frequent.
Risk factors are well known. smoking, physical inactivity, lifestyle changes, hereditary factors, hypertension, coronary heart disease, diabetes mellitus, liver and biliary tract diseases, obesity, high blood cholesterol.
In the process of the disease, plaques are formed on the inner walls of the arteries, consisting of cholesterol, other fats, calcium and connective tissue. The lumen of the arteries narrows. At rest, arterial circulation in the lower extremities may be sufficient, but with physical exertion, the increased muscle oxygen demand cannot be satisfied. The muscles respond to this with pain, so intermittent claudication appears. When walking, especially upward, there is pain in the calf muscles, forcing the patient to stop periodically so that it goes away. If pain occurs throughout the leg, it means that the arteries at the pelvic level are affected by the pathological process. Unlike sciatica, pain does not depend on sudden movements, turns of the trunk.
Instead of pain, cramps, weakness, or a feeling of heaviness in the legs may bother you.
Legs become cold and pale, pulse cannot be felt on them. At the last stage, trophic ulcers and foci of gangrene can form. With the development of gangrene, to save a life, the patient may need to amputate the affected limb. Often, especially with high occlusions, with the development of necrosis on the fingers, amputation is performed at the level of the upper third of the thigh, since with lower amputations it is difficult to achieve healing of the postoperative wound.
Embolism and arterial thrombosis
With embolism, the artery is blocked by some substance (with thrombosis, a blood clot).
How to Treat Leg Injuries in Dogs
In the area that was fed by the clogged artery, there is diffuse pain. The limb first turns pale, then turns blue. The pulse ceases to be felt on it. Numbness appears, in severe cases paralysis may develop. In such cases, if treatment is not started in a timely manner, everything ends with rapidly developing ischemia, wet gangrene and amputation of the limb.
Thrombangitis obliterans (Berger’s disease)
This is the “disease of young male smokers.” An autoimmune development mechanism is suggested. Exacerbations alternate with remissions. Every second patient undergoes amputation at the level of the fingers, foot or thigh.
A feature of thromboangiitis obliterans and endarteritis is the symmetry of the limb lesions and the possible involvement of not only the lower, but also the upper limbs in the process. At the same time, atherosclerotic lesion is often unilateral and affects almost exclusively the legs.
The International Classification of Diseases ICD-10 does not provide for such a diagnosis. We have to use other diagnoses specified in this document. “arterial atherosclerosis”, “thromboangiitis obliterans”, “other specified peripheral vascular diseases”, “other unspecified peripheral vascular diseases”.
The disease affects mainly middle-aged and even young men. The exact cause of the disease is still unknown. Suggests a role for cold and mechanical trauma as well as autoimmune processes.
Small arteries of the legs are affected. Unlike atherosclerosis, which develops gradually, obliterating endarteritis is characterized by an undulating course. exacerbations alternate with remissions. Symptoms and complications and outcomes are almost the same. intermittent claudication, possible amputation with gangrene, etc.
What to do if your legs hurt?
The excruciating pain in the legs is familiar to most adults, but few decide to see a doctor. There is an opinion that pain in the legs is the lot of old people, and nothing can be done about it. But practice shows the opposite: in the overwhelming majority of cases, timely diagnosis and qualified treatment have every chance of success.
Our clinic has a phlebology department, where you will always be provided with highly qualified assistance in the fight against leg pain.
The leg (lower limb) is made up of muscles, skin, bones, joints, and other structures. All of them are permeated with nerve fibers and contain pain receptors. any structure can become source of pain.
In a healthy person, leg pain can be associated with physical activity or an uncomfortable position of the body. for example, with prolonged standing. In women, in addition, it occurs during pregnancy and with the use of certain oral contraceptives. We will not dwell on this. we will consider only cases of pain caused by disorders in the body.
Pain in the legs, which is not directly related to vascular damage, occurs in many diseases:
- sciatica, sciatica, neuritis, diabetic polyneuropathy, tunnel syndromes;
- inflammatory diseases (myositis, arthritis, osteomyelitis, tendovaginitis, phlegmon, erysipelas, etc.);
- degenerative-dystrophic processes (arthrosis, flat feet, etc.);
- violation of water-salt metabolism.
An angiologist surgeon needs to be able to distinguish these conditions from pain associated with vascular changes in the extremities, since most people do not know which doctor to seek help when pain occurs. It is the vascular changes in the lower extremities that are often found and bring the greatest suffering to patients, it is they that require a particularly careful approach to diagnosis and treatment.
In medical practice, various names are used for the same vascular disorders. In order not to confuse the reader, we will adhere to the designations adopted by the International Classification of Diseases ICD-10
Vascular diseases of the legs are subdivided into diseases of the arteries, veins and lymphatic vessels.
What to do if your dog has a toothache?
Dental diseases are not uncommon in dogs. Most often, you can understand that a dog has a toothache due to the fact that it often shakes its head, and also whines while eating.
She tries not to gnaw on one side. In this case, you need to look into the dog’s mouth and examine it. You can see a swollen gum near a diseased tooth, as well as a damaged tooth with caries or periodontal disease. Also, an unpleasant odor appears from the dog’s mouth, the teeth turn yellow.
Frequent dental diseases in dogs
First of all, this is the formation of plaque and calculus, which always lead to gum disease. As a result, the tooth falls out. Tartar in dogs can be supragingival or subgingival. If it is located above the gums, then gingivitis, an inflammation of the gums, may occur.
It is difficult to see the stone under the gums, but it still supports the growth of bacteria and irritates the gums. Caries is the putrefactive decay of tooth substance. Often develops in dogs after suffering from distemper.
Inflammation of the pulp is called pulpitis. It occurs when, with caries or a fracture of a tooth, the pulp is exposed. Then the process moves on to the tissues that surround the root. With pulpitis, the tooth changes color. Periodontitis is an inflammation of the tissues that surround the tooth root. It occurs with cracks, bruises and inflammation of the gums, which pass to the tooth and it looses.
What to do if a dog has a toothache: the necessary treatment and prevention
The tartar must be removed by a doctor. Then the oral cavity of the animal is washed with antiseptic solutions a couple of times a day for 4-5 days. For example, potassium permanganate solution. Can be lubricated with lactic acid treated with 3-5% baking soda solution.
With superficial caries, the tooth can be treated with a 4% sodium fluoride solution or 3-5% silver nitrate solution. In other cases, the tooth is removed. In case of pulpitis around the neck of the tooth, iodine-glycerin should be applied, fed only with soft food. A tooth affected by granulomatous, purulent or gangrenous pulpitis must be removed.
For the treatment of periodontitis, the oral cavity is washed with warm disinfectant solutions (furacilin, potassium permanganate, 3% sodium bicarbonate, 3% boric acid). You can also use:
- sage decoction,
The dog is given soft food. With pulpitis and periodontitis, calendula (medicinal marigold) heals well. Rinse the mouth with her infusion. A glass of boiling water is poured into 10 g of flowers and insisted. Before use, a teaspoon of the tincture is diluted in a glass of warm water. You need to rinse in the morning and in the evening.