The dog has pain in his hind legs, what is the reason?
Diseases of the musculoskeletal system are characteristic mainly of large breeds of this species of animals. In young puppies, this defect is due to deformity of the joints in the pelvis. Often the ailment has a genetic inheritance, usually manifests itself at the age of ten months, when the pet is actively growing.
After resting, it is difficult for the pet to rise, leaning on its hind legs, but then, after walking a little, all gait defects disappear. At this stage, if the animal is left without the necessary treatment, the dog may even stop climbing on its paws due to pain. In this case, contacting a veterinarian is simply inevitable. The dog needs to have an x-ray of the hip joint.
With painful sensations in any part of the limb, as well as in its lower (supporting) part, the main symptom will be lameness of varying severity. Dogs may also vigorously lick pads, bite on claws, show unwillingness to get up or move around, and prevent paw inspection.
The main symptoms
In most cases, joint diseases develop gradually, the first symptoms may be subtle and intermittent, so dog owners should pay special attention to this problem.
Early diagnosis and timely initiation of treatment can usually help to successfully control the disease and maintain the pet’s quality of life for a longer time.
Obvious symptoms and severe pain usually indicate severe disease.
- Unwillingness to move, general decrease in activity. For example, the dog begins to get tired faster and sleep more, he is not as actively happy as before when the owner returns from work, runs less during a walk and stops playing earlier or refuses his favorite game altogether. You can notice that the dog has difficulty climbing stairs, does not jump into the car the first time, or lies more on the floor, although before it always preferred a sofa.
- Irritability and aggressiveness. The dog may begin to react to normal manipulations and actions in other ways: for example, growl, “show teeth” or complain if the owner sits on the sofa and forces the dog to change position or jump to the floor. In addition, the dog may begin to avoid communication with children, although it has always got along well with them before, or even unexpectedly show obvious aggression: for example, trying to bite the owner when trying to put it in the bath.
- Intense licking of a specific area is usually triggered by pain and discomfort. Dogs may often lick the skin around the affected joint or bite off the hair at this point, as when catching fleas.
- Lameness can be severe or moderate, it can appear after prolonged exertion or only in the morning, after sleep. With diseases of the joints of the spinal column, dragging of the hind legs, uncoordinated gait or general stiffness during movement may be observed.
- Muscle atrophy occurs due to the fact that the dog “protects” one or another joint due to pain and changes the distribution of body weight on the limbs. As a result, over time, the muscle mass or individual muscles of the affected limb will appear smaller in volume compared to the opposite limb.
The dog has a sore front paw, how to be?
On a superficial examination, no apparent reasons were found that were causing the pet to feel pain. It is necessary, without delay, to deliver the animal to the veterinarian, or call the veterinarian home.
Trivial damage (for example, the nail plate) can subsequently turn into serious suppuration and the corresponding problems. The risk of manifestation of rather complex hereditary ailments is possible.
Dog’s paws hurt. what is the reason?
The paw is the lower part of a dog’s limb, which consists of fingers, claws and pads and serves for support and movement. In some cases, the entire front or hind limb of the dog is called a paw.
What to do?
First of all, it is necessary to conduct a thorough examination of all paws and pads at home. To do this, you need to calm the dog and carefully examine all the paws from both the upper and lower sides, including the interdigital spaces, the skin of the pads, each claw separately and the condition of the skin of the nail ridges. On examination, you can gently palpate all structures, which will determine the soreness and detect edema or local temperature rise.
Look for skin integrity, foreign bodies, cuts, skin redness, or discoloration of the coat. Evaluate the integrity of the nails and their structure, the condition of the skin of the pads (it should not be too rough and dry or too soft or with loss of pigmentation). Feeling the skin in the interdigital spaces, sometimes you can find seals or fistulous passages, from which purulent-bloody contents can be released.
Quite often, a broken claw becomes the cause of pain and discomfort in the paw; if it is found at home and carefully cut it off (using a special claw cutter), then the problem can be considered solved.
At the same time, examining the paws, you will not reveal anything suspicious, with the exception of a broken claw. It is not always possible to trim the claw at home, this may be due to severe damage to the sensitive part of the claw, and if inflammation or secondary infection has already occurred, you will have to go to the clinic.
Dogs picked up outdoors or taken from a shelter may have ingrown claws, which are usually associated with housing and grooming conditions. Injuries to the skin of the pads, such as cuts or punctures, are often painful. In some cases, most of the pad is cut off, most often such injuries occur if the dog was transported on the subway and was not picked up while moving on the escalator. This should be taken into account if it becomes necessary to travel with the dog on the subway.
During the winter season, most dogs can react to deicing agents, usually resulting in a severe limp on all four legs immediately after going outside. Avoid walking on reagent-strewn asphalt, carry your dog across the road (if possible), and be sure to wash your dog’s paws after each walk. You can also use safety shoes.
Foreign bodies in the form of splinters, glass or parts of plants (especially cereals) are usually found on one of the limbs, can be accompanied by edema, inflammation, the formation of fistulous passages.
With allergic diseases, for example, with atopy, inflammation and redness of the skin in the interdigital spaces can be observed, which is often accompanied by itching and is complicated by secondary fungal and bacterial infections. In this case, all limbs are usually affected at once.
With dermatophytosis (lichen), the skin of the fingers can be affected, with inflammation, hair loss, and the formation of crusts and scales.
In dogs of large and heavy breeds, with orthopedic problems and a violation of the paw position, chronic skin injuries can be observed, especially if the dog rests not on a pad, but on the hairy part of the paw, which often ends with chronic infection and inflammation.
In some immune-mediated diseases, all claws can be affected, with structural disruption, cleavage, deformation and rejection of the horny plate, which is often accompanied by secondary infections and painful edema.
In case of bone neoplasms, it can be found that one of the phalanges of the fingers is enlarged, which indicates that only one limb is affected.
Legs hurt: causes, diagnosis, treatment
People of different ages often complain of pain in the legs. This is due to the fact that many diseases and conditions can become the cause of the syndrome. Some of them cause serious harm to health and, without timely treatment, pose a danger to life. In order to avoid the development of complications in the event of pain in the legs, it is necessary to consult a doctor for advice. Self-treatment is unacceptable in this case.
Depending on the age of the person, certain causes of pain in the legs are more likely. Elderly people are more likely to suffer from degenerative diseases of various body systems. The most common causes of leg pain are:
- venous insufficiency;
- arterial insufficiency;
- damage to peripheral nerves (polyneuropathy);
- joint diseases.
Most often, chronic venous insufficiency is a consequence of varicose veins. In this case, there are complaints of pain in the legs, usually appearing in the evening after a long stay in an upright position. Many patients report that their legs are very swollen by the end of the day and have difficulty getting into shoes.
It facilitates the state of being in the supine position with the limbs raised above the level of the body. On examination, it is usually possible to identify varicose veins under the skin, and with the long-term existence of pathology. pigmentation and even trophic ulcers.
Acute pain syndrome may be associated with the development of thrombophlebitis. This disease sometimes occurs spontaneously, but more often it appears in bedridden patients in the postoperative period (for example, after removal of the uterus and other interventions). This condition requires urgent treatment, as it can be complicated by pulmonary embolism, which is fatal.
Chronic arterial insufficiency often develops due to obliterating atherosclerosis of the vessels of the lower extremities. Usually this condition is combined with poorly controlled high blood pressure, hypercholesterolemia and long smoking history. Another possible cause of arterial insufficiency is endaarteritis obliterans, an autoimmune disease. With these ailments, pain occurs during physical activity (even with normal walking), since the blood flow through the narrowed vessels at this moment is inadequate.
The clinical picture is characterized by the development of intermittent claudication. This means that after a certain amount of physical activity (individual in each case), pain occurs, for the relief of which a person needs to stop and rest a little. After compensation of oxygen deficiency, the sensations subside, the patient can continue to move. The skin looks pale (less often purple-red due to the expansion of the subcutaneous vessels in response to hypoxia), cold to the touch, pulsation in the arteries of the legs is reduced.
The pathologies that cause excruciating pain in the legs include polyneuropathy. This disruption of the peripheral nerves manifests itself in different ways:
- metabolic polyneuropathy (diabetic, uremic, etc.);
- toxic (alcoholic);
- alimentary (vitamin B1 deficiency);
- hereditary (Charcot-Marie-Tooth polyneuropathy, etc.);
- autoimmune (Hyena-Barre polyneuropathy);
- infectious toxic (damage to peripheral nerves in diphtheria).
The most common are metabolic polyneuropathies, especially in diabetes mellitus. The clinical picture is characterized by various symptoms. pain in the legs at rest (cramping the calves), especially at night, a feeling of chilliness, tingling, crawling creeps, discomfort may occur when lightly touching the skin. The legs with polyneuropathy are warm, the pulsation in the arteries of the lower extremities is preserved. Characterized by a decrease in all types of sensitivity below the knees, both in front and behind, and atrophic phenomena in the muscles of the foot.
For a more detailed introduction to the topic, read this article: What is polyneuropathy
Leg pain can occur due to osteochondrosis of the lumbar and sacral spine. In this case, shooting sensations spread from the back of the thigh to the anterior-lateral side of the lower leg and the back of the foot.
Strengthening of the pain syndrome occurs when trying to tilt the trunk forward. The reflex from the Achilles tendon falls out, there is a decrease in the sensitivity of the skin.
Numerous joint diseases can cause leg pain. The most common ailment is osteoarthritis deformans. Unpleasant sensations arise in this case when moving, especially at the beginning (for example, getting up from a chair). Many patients complain of constant aching pain (“aching legs“) when the weather changes. With the long-term existence of the disease, deformation occurs. Large leg joints (knee, hip) are most commonly affected.
With an increased content of uric acid in the blood, gout develops, occurring with alternating acute attacks and periods of remission. The first metatarsophalangeal joint of the foot is often affected.
There is also such an autoimmune disease as rheumatoid arthritis, which attacks mainly the small joints of the foot and hand. The syndrome in this case occurs after a long rest (in the morning) and is characterized by stiffness in the joints. After doing gymnastics, the pain gradually disappears. With the long-term existence of the disease, typical deformities occur.
Chronic pathology at an earlier age is much less common, but the possibility of causes characteristic of the elderly cannot be completely ruled out.
Most often, in children and young people, pain in the legs is of a temporary functional nature. For example, they occur after extreme loads (with fast and / or long running, repeated squats).
In women, leg pain is often associated with a change in the size of the uterus and a violation of the anatomical relationship between the pelvic nerve plexuses during pregnancy and during menstruation.
Osteomyelitis, a purulent infection that affects all layers of the bone, including the bone marrow, can be a serious cause of discomfort in a child. With it, intense pain occurs, limiting movement, severe intoxication and fever.
It is impossible to make a diagnosis on your own without additional examination, even with an obvious clinical picture. To find out the cause of the pain syndrome, you must consult a doctor.
With varicose veins of the lower extremities, it is necessary to consult a surgeon or phlebologist. Additionally, Doppler ultrasound (USDG) of the vessels of the legs is performed. Venotonics are prescribed for long-term use (Detralex, Phlebodia, etc.) or surgical treatment is recommended.
With the development of arterial insufficiency, it is necessary to consult a vascular surgeon and conduct an ultrasound scan of the vessels of the legs. Depending on the degree of stenosis, conservative (antiplatelet agents, anticoagulants, prostaglandin preparations) or surgical treatment may be recommended.
A neurologist should be consulted for polyneuropathy and osteochondrosis. In the first case, electromyography is sometimes performed, in the second. MRI of the spine. Therapy for polyneuropathy is metabolic drugs (B vitamins, thioctic acid), in order to reduce pain, antidepressants (Amitriptillin, Duloxetine), anticonvulsants (Gabapentit, Pregabalin) or potent drugs (Tramadol) are prescribed. Compensation of the underlying disease (diabetes mellitus, chronic renal failure) is also important. With osteochondrosis of the spine, complex treatment is carried out, including conservative therapy (non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), glucocorticosteroids, B vitamins), massage, and gymnastics. In severe cases, surgery is required.
A rheumatologist deals with joint pathologies. An X-ray examination of the affected areas is mandatory, the level of rheumatoid factor and uric acid in the blood is determined. With severe pain syndrome in any articular pathology, NSAIDs are prescribed. Specific therapy for rheumatoid arthritis includes glucocorticosteroids, cytostatics, and other drugs. With deforming arthrosis, chondroprotectors are prescribed (Don, Structum, etc.), in advanced cases, joint prosthetics are performed. For gout, treatment is with Allopurinol.
Osteomyelitis. surgical pathology. If this disease is suspected, an X-ray examination of the affected limb must be performed. Requires antibacterial and detoxification therapy, surgical intervention with removal of a purulent focus in the bone.
With purulent inflammation of the joints at the initial stage of the disease, the synovial membrane (the inner surface of the joint capsule) is affected, after which the pathological process affects the remaining elements of the joint.
A light yellow transparent liquid (synovia) flows out of the inflamed joint, which becomes cloudy on the second or third day from the beginning of the development of the inflammatory process. In the circumference of the wound, gelatinous clots are formed, swelling is noticeable. Nearby tissues are inflamed, hyperemic, hot to the touch, dough-like consistency.
The dog begins to limp, tries not to lean on the sore limb, refuses to go out for walks. It is difficult for animals to climb stairs. In advanced forms, purulent fistulas appear. The body temperature rises sharply by 1-2 degrees (40-41 degrees). Breathing is rapid, heart rate is increased. The dog reacts poorly to external stimuli, tries to hide in a dark, cool place, lies motionless on the bed.
Bursitis is characterized by inflammation of the joint capsule. A cavity () filled with fluid appears in the lesion, which covers the joint. Bursitis occurs in dogs in an acute, chronic form. In most cases, lumps are visible on the hind legs.
Hyperemia and soreness appear in the joint area. A dense, painful, reddish swelling is clearly visible, which grows stronger as the disease progresses. Possibly local, general temperature rise.
With infection, penetration of pathogenic flora, bacterial purulent inflammation develops, which can spread to nearby healthy tissues. Calcium is deposited in the bursa. The dog is limping, does not stand on a sore paw. Lowered appetite. The pet refuses favorite treats. The condition of the sick dog is very depressed. What to do with joint inflammation in dogs? How can you help your beloved pet? Consider the most effective methods of therapeutic therapy.
Deforming inflammation (chronic osteoarthritis)
The characteristic clinical symptoms during the development of deforming joint inflammation in dogs appear gradually. At the beginning of the development of the inflammatory process, the pathology is hidden, latent.
Important! Deforming joint inflammation in dogs is chronic. Pathology is diagnosed in older animals, after seven to eight years. Most often, deforming inflammation affects the knee, hip joint on the hind legs.
The disease is characterized by a change in the bone structures of the joint, deformation. All bone growths in the lesion focus are gradually involved in the inflammatory process, which leads to its disfigurement. It manifests itself as a slight lameness, which intensifies after physical exertion, intense exertion, or vice versa, at the beginning of the movement. As the pathology progresses on the medial side, bone growths are formed along the entire circumference of the joint. The bones near the joint are thickened. Possible development of muscle atrophy.
Diseases of the joints are noted in dogs of various breeds, age groups. Representatives of large “heavy” breeds (mastiffs, St. Bernards, Great Dane, Alabai, Caucasians) fall into the risk group.
A large load on bones, an uneven growth rate, especially in representatives of fast-growing, large food, provoke all kinds of disorders in the functioning of the musculoskeletal system, which is especially dangerous for large dogs that live in small apartments. Animals do not receive proper physical activity. With an unbalanced diet, the dogs’ body does not receive the required amount of macro-microelements, vitamins, amino acids, which also negatively affects the condition of muscle, bone structures, joints. This leads to various injuries, disorders.
In puppies, hip dysplasia is most often noted. Dogs of small decorative breeds are less susceptible to pathologies of the musculoskeletal system.
- penetrating deep wounds, severe injuries, bruises;
- open, closed mechanical damage, sprains, dislocations;
- viral and bacterial diseases, parasitic diseases;
- congenital pathologies of the musculoskeletal system (Wobbler’s syndrome);
- weakening of resistance, decreased immunity;
- excessive physical overload;
- age-related changes in the structures of the joints;
- genetic, breed predisposition;
- endocrine, hormonal disorders (overweight, obesity);
- metabolic failures, hypovitaminosis;
- improper development of the dog;
- autoimmune pathologies;
- prolonged hypothermia;
- acquired, congenital pathologies of muscles, tendons.
Purulent inflammation of the joints in dogs (purulent septic synovitis) develops due to the penetration of pyogenic pathogenic microflora (streptostaphylococcus). This pathology is diagnosed against the background of viral, bacterial infections, diseases, as well as in emaciated, weakened animals. Arthritis often also occurs if the composition of the intra-articular fluid has changed, with severe damage to the cartilage tissue.
Deforming inflammation of the joints occurs after severe injuries, injuries, dislocations. Pathology develops against the background of hypovitaminosis, arthrosis, dysplasia of the joints, due to a violation of metabolic processes in the body of animals. Often noted in representatives of large, giant, working breeds, in older animals.
Joint inflammation in dogs: causes, treatment, prevention
Joint inflammation in a dog is a pathology of the musculoskeletal system often diagnosed in veterinary medicine. It develops against the background of various unfavorable exo- and endo-factors. May have a purulent, deforming character. It proceeds in an acute, chronic form. This pathology in our smaller brothers is accompanied by severe pain syndrome, lameness, and other side symptoms. In order to prevent serious complications, having noticed the first symptoms characteristic of joint disease, you must immediately consult a veterinarian, start appropriate treatment.
Symptoms, joint diseases
Clinical manifestations of joint inflammation in dogs depend on the form, stage, degree of damage, age, general physiological state of the pet. In our smaller brothers, veterinarians most often diagnose purulent arthritis (osteoarthritis), bursitis, arthrosis of various etiologies, osteochondrosis. Dogs suffer from synovitis. inflammation of the synovial membrane of the joint capsule.
Symptoms for joint inflammation:
- lameness, swelling of the limbs;
- decreased physical activity;
- drowsiness, apathy, depression;
- pain, discomfort when walking;
- violation of heart rhythm, breathing;
- temperature increase;
- decreased appetite, increased thirst.
In dogs, regardless of breed, the knee and hip joints are most often affected. Less commonly diagnosed inflammation of the shoulder joint.
In case of inflammatory lesions of the joints, adequate therapeutic therapy, the treatment regimen is selected by the attending veterinarian, having on hand the results of a diagnostic examination. The choice of methods depends on the form, stage of the disease, the state of health of the pet, the physiological characteristics of the body, the root cause.
At the initial stages of the development of arthritis, synovitis, following the recommendations of the attending physician, treatment can be carried out at home.
Treatment of joint inflammation in a dog involves complex symptomatic therapy. Patients are prescribed systemic, anti-inflammatory, analgesic, decongestant, antibacterial medicines for local, general treatment. Therapeutic therapy is aimed at relieving the inflammatory process, normalizing the function of the affected joint.
Important! In case of purulent inflammation of the joints, physiotherapeutic techniques, alternative medicine, homeopathic preparations (Hondatron), complex mineral and vitamin complexes can be additionally prescribed.
Local treatment involves the use of cold, warming compresses, medicated ointments, creams, liniment, pressure fixing dressings.
When the first symptoms of inflammatory diseases appear, the joint must be reduced in physical activity. Dogs are prescribed presocil. Give one tablet three times a day. Warm paraffin, ozokerite is applied to the inflamed joint. The affected area is heated with a Minin lamp. Physiotherapy techniques must be alternated with light massage. Circular novocaine blockade, tissue therapy are effective. A warming compress based on 50% dimexide, 0.5-1% novocaine is applied to the articular surface.
In the initial stages of the development of inflammation in the joints, Quadrisol-5 helps well. Contains a new generation non-steroidal component. The drug has an anti-inflammatory effect, relieves severe pain. If purulent fistulas have formed around the joint, it is necessary to remove the hair, lubricate the skin with an infusion of iodide.
In the treatment of arthritis, Chondratron, Honda sulfate, Dexafort are used. a complex of glucocorticosteroids for intramuscular injection. To relieve pain symptoms, Traumeel is prescribed in injections. Injections, depending on the intensity of the pain symptom, are given once or twice a day.
With synovitis, novocaine blockade is indicated (novacaine with an antibiotic). First, cold compresses are used, followed by warming procedures. After treatment, the animals are prescribed restorative therapy.
If the pet suffers from osteoarthritis, veterinarians use the injectable drug Chionat, based on sodium hyaluronate, in the treatment. Already after the first injection, the condition of the sick dog improves markedly. Intra-articular, intravenous. The homeopathic preparation “Purpose”, “Discus Compositum” can also be prescribed.
For arthritis, osteorrhosis cutting off, surgical treatment is most often used, since conservative methods do not give the desired result. After opening, exudate and fibrin clots are removed from the articular cavity. The cavity is washed with ethacridine lactate, furacilin, antiseptic solutions, antibiotics. The capsule is partially or completely sutured. After the operation, suction, immobilizing dressings are applied. Four-toed patients are prescribed complex antibiotics, nitrofurans, sulfa drugs, diuretics to relieve puffiness.
Important! If the dog is scheduled for surgery, exercise should be limited. Avoid hypothermia of your pet. In wet weather, during the cold season, walks should be short. Keep your dog warm.
With diseases of the musculoskeletal system, chronic pathologies prone to recurrence, intense physical activity is contraindicated in dogs. It is very important to constantly monitor the condition of your beloved pet, to provide adequate nutrition (protein, vitamin and mineral diet).
Calf cramps and pain are the most common symptoms of calcium deficiency. Please note: even if you suspect this particular option, only a doctor can diagnose and prescribe any drugs. Therefore, be sure to consult with a therapist and take the tests recommended by him.
Take an over-the-counter pain reliever
Preparations based on ibuprofen and sodium naproxen have proven themselves well.
With varicose veins of the lower extremities, the work of the valves that let the blood through the veins are disrupted. Because of this, the veins increase in size, the outflow of blood worsens, edema and soreness occur. There can be many reasons for varicose veins, and the discovered discomfort requires the consultation of a phlebologist.
You may have recently stumbled, but did not attach any importance to it. Meanwhile, the awkwardness led to a slight sprain or rupture of a number of tendon fibers. Such injuries are not fatal and most often heal by themselves, but they can deliver several unpleasant minutes, or even hours.
Leave your feet alone
Just let them rest: lie down, if possible, raising your legs slightly above the level of your heart (this can be done with a roller placed under the ankles). This position will improve venous blood flow, reduce swelling and relax muscles.
Call an ambulance immediately if:
- Pain prevents you from walking or shifting weight on your leg.
- An open fracture or deep cut is evident.
- You observe several symptoms at once at the same time. pain, swelling, redness, a sharp increase in temperature in the limb.
- Before you feel pain, you heard a loud click, as if something jumped out in your leg, or a grinding.
Fatigue after exercise
Or, in a simpler way, DOMS. Maybe you’ve overextended yourself after neglecting your workouts for a long time. Or they chose not too comfortable shoes. Or, when planning a 10-kilometer run, they forgot to warm up and cool down. All this often becomes the cause of the dizziness, which, fortunately, goes away quickly enough by itself.
Schedule a visit to a physician or surgeon soon if:
- You regularly experience pain during or after walking.
- Swelling of the lower extremities haunts you.
- Painful sensations that were initially almost invisible seems to increase over several days in a row.
- You notice swollen veins in your leg that can be unpleasant to touch.
If you do not have any of the listed symptoms, you can exhale: most likely, nothing terrible happens to your legs. Of course, this does not mean that you can forget about discomfort. But chances are great to deal with the reasons on your own. Let’s get started.
The dog has joint pain. What to do?
veterinarian, specialization. dermatology, shelter medicine
Joint diseases are quite common in dogs. Depending on the symptoms, they are divided into arthritis, osteoarthritis and osteoarthritis. Most often, joint diseases are observed in dogs of the older age group, which is associated with a violation of the properties and structure of cartilage tissue and concomitant changes in the joint itself, including bones and ligaments.
Large breed dogs as well as obese dogs are at increased risk. Joint diseases in young dogs are usually associated with trauma, congenital or genetic abnormalities in the development of the joints, for example, they can occur with dysplasia of the hip or elbow joints.
The main symptoms
In most cases, joint diseases develop gradually, the first symptoms may be subtle and inconsistent, so dog owners should pay special attention to this problem. Early diagnosis and timely initiation of treatment can usually help to successfully control the disease and maintain the pet’s quality of life for a longer time. Obvious symptoms and severe pain usually indicate severe disease.
Unwillingness to move, general decrease in activity. For example, the dog begins to get tired faster and sleep more, he is not as actively happy as before when the owner returns from work, runs less during a walk and stops playing earlier or refuses his favorite game altogether. You can notice that the dog has difficulty climbing stairs, does not jump into the car the first time, or lies more on the floor, although before it always preferred a sofa.
Irritability and aggressiveness. The dog may begin to react to normal manipulations and actions in other ways: for example, growl, “show teeth” or complain if the owner sits on the sofa and forces the dog to change position or jump to the floor. In addition, the dog may begin to avoid communication with children, although it has always got along well with them before, or even unexpectedly show obvious aggression: for example, trying to bite the owner when trying to put it in the bath.
Intense licking of a specific area is usually triggered by pain and discomfort. Dogs may often lick the skin around the affected joint or bite off the hair at this point, as when catching fleas.
Lameness can be severe or moderate, it can appear after prolonged exertion or only in the morning, after sleep. With diseases of the joints of the spinal column, dragging of the hind legs, uncoordinated gait or general stiffness during movement may be observed.
Muscle atrophy occurs due to the fact that the dog “protects” one or another joint due to pain and changes the distribution of body weight on the limbs. As a result, over time, the muscle mass or individual muscles of the affected limb will appear smaller in volume compared to the opposite limb.
Diagnostics and treatment
For the diagnosis of joint diseases, general clinical and orthopedic examinations, X-ray examination are required. If an infectious cause of arthritis is suspected, special tests for infections are required, in some cases a joint puncture or arthroscopy is performed.
Treatment depends on the cause and can range from antibiotics for infectious arthritis to surgery (for example, for trauma). For successful control of the condition in degenerative diseases of the joints, anti-inflammatory therapy, pain control, control or weight loss are used, nutritional supplements and special feeds containing chondroprotectors are recommended. The ergonomic design of the environment and the selection of adequate physical activity, including physiotherapy or exercise on a water treadmill, are important.
Dog’s hind legs fail: reasons and what to do
Limb paralysis is a dangerous symptom of a neurological disorder in an animal. The condition in which the hind legs are taken away from the dog is accompanied by symptoms such as weakness in the hind legs, dragging them around, the animal may feel pain during movement or at rest. How to act in this situation?
In the veterinary clinic, a comprehensive diagnosis of the pet’s condition is carried out. The doctor performs the following actions:
- Visual inspection.
- Checking the sensitivity of the affected limb.
- Reflex activity test.
- Definition of painful syndrome in the spine.
In some cases, myelography is prescribed: with the help of a contrast agent, even the slightest modifications of the spinal column can be seen.
Spine myelography in dogs
Limping Dog:Muscle Strain or Muscle Pull
To exclude concomitant pathologies in the kidneys, blood and urine tests are prescribed: laboratory tests enable the veterinarian to determine the exact disease and prescribe the course of treatment.
The dog has lost its hind legs: what to do
At the first signs of paralysis, it is important to contact a veterinarian who, through diagnosis and questioning, will find out the root cause of this phenomenon and prescribe treatment. Remember: delay in this case threatens the complete disability of the animal! Since the bulk of such pathologies are neurological in nature, you will need to make an appointment with a narrow specialist.
If the dog is injured (for example, in a fall), and there is a suspicion that it is the spine that is damaged, it is necessary to take the animal to the veterinary clinic as soon as possible. In this case, it is imperative to ensure the immobility of the spine (for this, the dog must be fixed on a wide board with the help of elastic bandages).
With severe painful sensations, you should not give pain relievers on your own. In this case, the animal may begin to move and the vertebrae may be displaced even more, so it is better to wait for a specialist’s visit.
Please note: the symptoms of paralysis often resemble the signs of sciatica. As a result, the inexperienced owner, instead of providing immobilization, performs massage procedures. This further aggravates the situation, and moreover, time is wasted.
Causes of a dangerous symptom
The main factors that can cause a dog’s legs to fail include the following:
- Injuries (such as a broken leg, nerve damage, ligament breaks, or sprains).
- The presence of neoplasms.
- Spinal pathology.
Nervous system problems are one of the first causes of paralysis. In this case, in the morning, the animal may feel painful sensations, and by the evening the dog begins to drag its paws and, in the end, they are paralyzed.
Spondylosis of some parts of the spine is another reason for this phenomenon. The disease proceeds slowly and at the first stages is not expressed in certain symptoms, later on the growths form on the spine, which impede the normal movement of the animal.
In the presence of tumors in the spine, the nerve roots and spinal cord are compressed. As a result, the animal develops weakness in the limbs, it characteristically arches its back, and the appetite disappears. The dog makes a whine when trying to move normally.
Hip dysplasia is most commonly seen in heavy breeds. In this case, the dog may limp immediately after sleep, but during the day its normal activity is restored. The disease progresses, if untreated, the pet may stop walking altogether.
Spinal pathologies develop after bites and unsuccessful falls, in which the integrity of the spinal column is disrupted and swelling appears. As a result, the spinal cord is compressed, leading to paralysis.
Features of therapy
The exact treatment depends on the cause of the disease. To eliminate spasmodic conditions, nos-pa and other antispasmodics are prescribed. If the animal experiences painful sensations, a course of analgesics in the form of injections is prescribed. At the same time, a neurologist can offer a course of vitamins from group B, which restore the normal functioning of nerve fibers.
In the treatment of paralysis, blockade of individual nerves with injections of novocaine has a good effect. The affected muscles can warm up, massage procedures are prescribed. Please note: novocaine blockade is an intervention that is carried out only in a clinic under the supervision of an experienced veterinarian-neurologist!
There are animals that are at risk for such neurological disorders. These include hounds, dachshunds and other breeds with a long body. If your pet belongs to one of these breeds, it is important to carefully follow the preventive measures.
- Provide your dog with a balanced diet and regular check-ups at the veterinary clinic. Keep a close eye on the dog while walking, after returning from the street, always check the dog for minor injuries and receive treatment in a timely manner.
- Examine the dog’s coat: mite venom is highly toxic. If the parasite is not detected in a timely manner, its poison can provoke paralysis of the paws, and in severe cases, depression of the respiratory function.
- If your dog does not consume enough vitamins with food, ask a specialist for advice on high-quality multivitamin preparations that strengthen the immune system and the state of nerve fibers.
- Offer your pet only fresh food, otherwise such a dangerous disease as botulism, which leads to paralysis of the paws, may occur.
- At the first symptoms of immobility, do not self-medicate: timely transportation of the dog to the veterinary clinic will keep him mobile! If you cannot transport the animal, try calling a clinic that has a home call service (in some organizations, doctors work around the clock).
Thus, if a dog’s hind legs fail during a walk, physical activity or after sleep, it is necessary to take measures as soon as possible to determine the correct diagnosis and prescribe an effective therapy.
You can also ask a question to the in-house veterinarian of our website, who will answer them as soon as possible in the comment box below.
The International Classification of Diseases ICD-10 does not provide for such a diagnosis. We have to use other diagnoses specified in this document. “arterial atherosclerosis”, “thromboangiitis obliterans”, “other specified peripheral vascular diseases”, “other unspecified peripheral vascular diseases”.
The disease affects mainly middle-aged and even young men. The exact cause of the disease is still unknown. Suggests a role for cold and mechanical trauma as well as autoimmune processes.
Small arteries of the legs are affected. Unlike atherosclerosis, which develops gradually, obliterating endarteritis is characterized by an undulating course. exacerbations alternate with remissions. Symptoms and complications and outcomes are almost the same. intermittent claudication, possible amputation with gangrene, etc.
- atherosclerosis of the arteries of the lower extremities;
- obliterating endarteritis;
- obliterating thrombangitis;
- embolism and arterial thrombosis.
Diseases of the veins
- Varicose veins;
- phlebitis and thrombophlebitis;
- post-thrombophlebitic syndrome.
Embolism and arterial thrombosis
With embolism, the artery is blocked by some substance (with thrombosis, a blood clot).
In the area that was fed by the clogged artery, there is diffuse pain. The limb first turns pale, then turns blue. The pulse ceases to be felt on it. Numbness appears, in severe cases paralysis may develop. In such cases, if treatment is not started in a timely manner, everything ends with rapidly developing ischemia, wet gangrene and amputation of the limb.
Thrombangitis obliterans (Berger’s disease)
This is the “disease of young male smokers.” An autoimmune development mechanism is suggested. Exacerbations alternate with remissions. Every second patient undergoes amputation at the level of the fingers, foot or thigh.
A feature of thromboangiitis obliterans and endarteritis is the symmetry of the limb lesions and the possible involvement of not only the lower, but also the upper limbs in the process. At the same time, atherosclerotic lesion is often unilateral and affects almost exclusively the legs.
What to do if your legs hurt?
The excruciating pain in the legs is familiar to most adults, but few decide to see a doctor. There is an opinion that pain in the legs is the lot of old people, and nothing can be done about it. But practice shows the opposite: in the overwhelming majority of cases, timely diagnosis and qualified treatment have every chance of success.
Our clinic has a phlebology department, where you will always be provided with highly qualified assistance in the fight against leg pain.
The leg (lower limb) is made up of muscles, skin, bones, joints, and other structures. All of them are permeated with nerve fibers and contain pain receptors. any structure can become source of pain.
In a healthy person, leg pain can be associated with physical activity or an uncomfortable position of the body. for example, with prolonged standing. In women, in addition, it occurs during pregnancy and with the use of certain oral contraceptives. We will not dwell on this. we will consider only cases of pain caused by disorders in the body.
Pain in the legs, which is not directly related to vascular damage, occurs in many diseases:
- sciatica, sciatica, neuritis, diabetic polyneuropathy, tunnel syndromes;
- inflammatory diseases (myositis, arthritis, osteomyelitis, tendovaginitis, phlegmon, erysipelas, etc.);
- degenerative-dystrophic processes (arthrosis, flat feet, etc.);
- violation of water-salt metabolism.
An angiologist surgeon needs to be able to distinguish these conditions from pain associated with vascular changes in the extremities, since most people do not know which doctor to seek help when pain occurs. It is the vascular changes in the lower extremities that are often found and bring the greatest suffering to patients, it is they that require a particularly careful approach to diagnosis and treatment.
In medical practice, various names are used for the same vascular disorders. In order not to confuse the reader, we will adhere to the designations adopted by the International Classification of Diseases ICD-10
Vascular diseases of the legs are subdivided into diseases of the arteries, veins and lymphatic vessels.
This disease is widespread and is a very urgent problem in medicine and cosmetology.
It should be understood that such methods of therapy are optional, and their use should be coordinated with a specialist. One of the most commonly used products is a flaxseed decoction. For its preparation, it is recommended to use two tbsp. l. seeds, which are poured over 500 ml of boiling water and boiled for 15–20 minutes over low heat. Then the broth must be allowed to brew at room temperature for two hours and carefully filtered. The broth is recommended to be consumed for five days twice a day for a quarter of a glass.
For pain in the legs with diabetes, a special cream can be effective. It is produced on the basis of nettle root and vegetable oil. The cooking algorithm is as follows: 150 ml of any vegetable oil is brought to a boil, after which the crushed root of the nettle is added there and boiled for 15 minutes. After that, the cream is cooled and applied to problem areas.
The diabetic gradually loses the ability to feel touch on the lower extremities, as well as pressure, pain symptoms, cold or heat. In many patients, ulcerative lesions are formed on the soles of the feet and legs. They heal hard and for a long time. With aggravated sensitivity of the lower extremities, wounds and ulcers do not provoke pain. Experts pay attention to the fact that:
- even a foot fracture or dislocation can be virtually painless. This is called diabetic foot syndrome;
- given that patients do not feel pain, most of them do not follow basic medical recommendations. As a result, harmful bacteria appear in the wounds, which contributes to the development of gangrene or the need for amputation;
- with aggravated patency of blood vessels, the tissues of the lower extremities experience “hunger” and send pain signals;
- similar symptoms usually occur when walking or, conversely, at rest.
Usually for a person with diabetes, this is a good incentive to seek professional medical help and adhere to a certain recovery course.
The list of complications is supplemented by problems with blood vessels feeding the legs, namely, peripheral arteries. With a narrowed lumen in the vessels in diabetics, in many cases, intermittent claudication begins to develop.
The combination of loss of pain sensitivity and vascular occlusion significantly increases the likelihood of amputation of one or both limbs.
Due to “starvation”, the tissues of the legs will continue to deteriorate, even if the patient does not feel pain.
What to do if your legs hurt with diabetes?
The recovery course is aimed at reducing blood sugar levels and eliminating sudden surges in the future. Patients are prescribed medications and drugs such as meglitinides (Nateglinide, Repaglinide), as well as sulfonylurea derivatives (Gliclazide or Glickvidone).
Treatment of legs in type II diabetes mellitus consists in the use of drugs that increase the degree of tissue sensitivity to the hormonal component. Most often these are thiazolidinediones, for example, Rosiglitazone or Ciglitazone. In order to reduce the absorption of carbohydrates in the intestinal region, alpha-glucosidase inhibitors are used, namely Acarbose and Miglitol.
Treatment of leg pain in diabetes mellitus and a decrease in the degree of their intensity is provided by non-steroidal anti-inflammatory names, in particular Nimesulide and Indametacin. When talking about treatment, one should not forget about:
- the use of local anesthetics, for example, Versatis with lidocaine, Ketoprofen gel;
- the use of tricyclic antidepressants for severe pain, one of which is Amitriptyline;
- the effectiveness of anticonvulsants in painful convulsions (Gabapentin, Pregabalin);
- the use of diuretic names (Furosemide, Spironolactone).
In order to exclude the occurrence of blood clots, you can do the following: use Aspirin or, say, Sulodexide. In order to stabilize metabolic processes, injections of Solcoseryl or Triphosadenin are effective. In some cases, the use of alternative methods of treatment is permissible.
What to do when your legs hurt with diabetes?
Leg pain in diabetes is a common problem that is highly likely to indicate complications. Given the serious risk of loss of limbs and other complications, it is not recommended to ignore this symptom. That is why you need to know everything about what to do if your legs hurt with diabetes.
Diagnostics should be carried out as early as possible, because in this case it will be possible to avoid the development of complications. The patient will need to accurately examine the condition of the lower extremities. Specially trained endocrinologists, as well as vascular surgeons and nurses can help with this. It is highly recommended that you pay attention to the fact that:
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- doctors identify the degree of damage to the lower extremities, adjust the treatment of the underlying disease and prescribe specific therapy for neuro- and angiopathy;
- nurses teach patients how to properly care for their feet, carry out hygienic treatment of their feet. For example, calluses are cut off or medicated creams, ointments and other formulations are used;
- it is necessary to undergo an examination both during the initial diagnosis of diabetes mellitus and in the future at least once every 12 months with optimal health.
The studies that are carried out in the office if the toes hurt are, first of all, an examination with mandatory control of the pulse on the lower extremities. In addition, an important part of the diagnosis is the control of neurological reflexes, ultrasound of the vessels of the legs. It is recommended to test pain, tactile, temperature and vibration susceptibility, electroneuromyography.
Symptoms and types of foot diseases in diabetics
If your legs hurt with diabetes, this is far from the only symptom. First of all, attention is drawn to the dryness of the skin, which the cream cannot cope with. Another category of signs is flaking, as well as itching of the skin. The symptoms of pain in type 2 diabetes mellitus are associated with:
- excessive formation of corns;
- hair loss in the lower leg area (most common in men);
- changes in the shape and thickening of the nail plates;
- swelling of the ankles;
- discoloration of the skin to white and excessive coldness of the cover.
In addition, pain in the leg is associated with the activity of fungal lesions, numbness, impaired tactile, heat and other types of sensitivity. Such changes can develop directly in the foot under the influence of a number of factors. For example, diabetic neuropathy and foot, trophic ulcers, angiopathy and others. Occasionally, rarer and more specific forms may occur, such as thumb involvement in type 2 diabetes.
Why legs hurt in diabetes mellitus?
In order to understand why the legs hurt in diabetes, it will be necessary to understand in more detail the causes of this condition. The limbs are affected because the nerve fibers are affected by chronically increased blood sugar levels, which have an effect on the cessation of impulses. This leads to the fact that the legs lose their usual degree of sensitivity, and diabetic neuropathy is formed. The causes of this pathology may be damage to the limbs and other problem conditions.
The blood vessels that feed the legs can become clogged due to the formation of a blood clot (more precisely a thrombus) or atherosclerosis. The so-called oxygen starvation of tissues begins, namely ischemia. In diabetes mellitus, the legs hurt in this case very much, and usually this symptomatology only progresses.
Another factor may well be diabetic joint damage, namely arthropathy. As you know, the destabilization of glucose metabolism of proteins provokes a violation of cartilaginous tissues and the occurrence of hyperostoses. In this regard, diabetics often have joint pain, especially when walking. Arthropathy manifests with swelling and redness of the foot. Over the years, deformation of the fingers is formed, a pronounced form of edema of the foot appears. In severe situations, dislocations, subluxations, and fractures are identified. The result is a shortening and widening of the foot.
Features of foot care
Every day, a diabetic needs to carefully examine their feet, especially feet and soles. It is recommended to wash your feet daily with warm water and neutral soap, paying special attention to the interdigital spaces. If even the initial symptoms of fungal lesions develop, they turn to a dermatologist who will prescribe appropriate treatment (for example, an antifungal cream).
A diabetic needs to inspect their shoes every day for any foreign objects, insole breaks and other defects. In addition, it is recommended:
- very carefully handle toenails with a nail file, not scissors;
- to warm the feet, use warm socks, but not a hot bath or heating pad;
- in the process of washing your feet, avoid very low or, conversely, high temperatures;
- if an injury is detected, it is forbidden to use alcohol solutions like brilliant green or iodine, as well as alcohol, potassium permanganate.
In general, all injuries are treated with special medicinal creams, a 3% solution of hydrogen peroxide. Drugs such as Chlorhexidine, Betadine and others are also used.
When keratinized skin appears, it must be treated with a pumice stone. In this case, it is the best remedy. However, the pumice stone needs to be changed frequently, as it itself may develop fungus. You cannot use scissors or a blade for this procedure. After processing, be sure to lubricate the skin with a nourishing cream. It is not recommended to use plasters (for example, Salipod) to remove rough skin, as well as remedies for calluses and cutting tools.
It is important to wear exceptionally comfortable shoes. It is also recommended to walk every day in comfortable shoes for at least half an hour. Compulsory massage and gymnastics are performed for the legs and feet. In addition, the right decision would be to quit smoking, which will strengthen blood vessels and improve the functioning of the body as a whole.