Why do dogs get diarrhea??
- The first step is to understand that pet malnutrition is a common cause of indigestion. If your dog has eaten spoiled foods or swallowed a foreign object, it may well develop diarrhea. Sometimes the culprit is the intolerance of certain ingredients of the new feed.
- Diarrhea is a sign that the mucous membrane of the pet’s gastrointestinal tract has been disturbed, so this symptom is often explained by taking medication. Diarrhea may appear after long-term treatment of the dog with antibiotics or any other powerful medications.
- An acute form of diarrhea often signals the presence of parasites in the body. Diarrhea due to helminths in pets can occur in childhood or young age. To confirm such a diagnosis, it is necessary to take the dog to the veterinarian and conduct a special analysis of feces.
- When pets eat the faeces of other dogs or eat dirty food, the risk of toxins and harmful bacteria entering the esophagus increases dramatically, which can cause diarrhea.
- We should also not forget about various viral or fungal infections that mainly affect young, unvaccinated dogs and puppies: giardiasis, histoplasmosis, distemper, parvovirus infection, rotavirosis and many others.
- Renal failure and liver problems disrupt the stable functioning of the gastrointestinal tract. These causes of diarrhea are also quite common.
- In pancreatitis, when the pancreas is severely inflamed, the pet’s body also cannot function normally. Diarrhea is just one symptom from a long list of signs of this disease.
- Diarrhea and vomiting in a puppy often occurs due to intestinal obstruction, similar manifestations of the problem are characteristic of adult pets.
- Hemorrhagic gastroenteritis accompanied by bloody diarrhea.
- Less commonly, diarrhea occurs in a dog due to the development of malignant or benign tumors in the abdominal organs.
- Sometimes stressful situations and severe allergic reactions are the main culprits for such health problems.
What does diarrhea and vomiting and dogs talk about??
Many owners do not know whether it is worth worrying if a dog has vomiting and diarrhea, because at first glance, such symptoms can be explained by a banal malfunction in the digestive system. In fact, the very fact of the manifestation of such a combination of unpleasant signs already indicates a problem. Such symptoms may indicate that the animal is developing enteritis (10) or pancreatitis (6). Diarrhea and vomiting are especially dangerous for young puppies. At an early age, dogs are especially susceptible to various infections that manifest in this way.
What diseases are accompanied by vomiting and diarrhea in dogs?
Separately, diarrhea and vomiting rarely indicate complex or serious illness in pets, but together they say a lot. That is why, when such symptoms appear, you should immediately contact your veterinarian. It should be understood that they are only a consequence of the disease, which must first be diagnosed and then treated:
- Parvovirus enteritis. An extremely dangerous disease that affects small puppies and young dogs that have not been vaccinated on time. In this case, the dog has yellow diarrhea and vomiting. In the feces, you can also notice an admixture of mucus. Palpation of the abdomen shows that it is very tense. The pet walks up to 5 times a day, behaves apathetically and ignores food, but constantly wants to drink. In this case, the body temperature of the animal drops very much. Only a few sick dogs manage to survive.
- Adenovirus. Most often it manifests itself in the form of frequent deep cough with phlegm, but at later stages it can turn into vomiting. Deterioration in health is manifested after physical exertion or as a result of emotional overstrain. For puppies that have not yet reached the age of 3 months, adenovirus is most often a fatal disease. The disease appears at any age. The body temperature may be slightly elevated or remain unchanged if the pet has strong immunity.
- Infectious hepatitis. The incubation period takes about two weeks, after which the animal becomes inactive, lethargic and looks painful. The pet has bouts of vomiting and diarrhea. The liver increases in volume and gives the animal unpleasant or painful sensations. The dog loses its appetite, is constantly thirsty, and its body temperature is very high. Another clear sign of this disease is a problem with vision, it falls very quickly, the corneas become cloudy, and conjunctivitis often appears. Pets are prone to illness at any age.
- Rotavirus. A contagious infectious disease that is dangerous not only for animals, but also for people. In a dog, diarrhea and vomiting of white foam appears almost immediately. Diarrhea can be called watery because it is very thin. The pet is constantly in a fever. Body temperature may drop temporarily and then rise again. This is due to the strong intoxication of the body as a result of the rapid multiplication of virus cells in the animal’s body. Not only puppies and young animals can suffer from the disease, but also more mature individuals.
- Coronavirus. E. coli, which can be easily tolerated by adult dogs, can be fatal to babies. It manifests itself very sharply, immediately worsening the patient’s condition. The pet very often suffers from diarrhea, so the body is completely dehydrated. Make sure your dog is drinking enough water. In the acute form of the disease, vomiting of blood and diarrhea with blood in the dog appears. Animals can become infected at absolutely any age. Sometimes the coronavirus is mild with little or no symptoms.
- Infection with helminths. Worms appear very often in dogs. over, pets pass them on to their owners, which leads to numerous health problems. Vomiting with blood with helminthiasis manifests itself only in extremely difficult situations. Usually, you can recognize this disease by the pet’s refusal to eat, its sluggish behavior and very rapid weight loss. The mucous membranes become white, the coat loses its healthy shine and falls out, and the dog’s anus is constantly itching, so she tries to scratch it in every possible way.
Of course, the causes of diarrhea and vomiting in pets can be very different, but they cannot be ignored anyway. The sooner the owner notices the problem, the easier and faster it will be possible to cure the tailed friend.
Why does the dog vomit?
- Numerous infectious diseases can cause a pet to vomit. Sometimes the dog vomits with blood or the problem is accompanied by profuse mucus.
- Vomiting is often a natural reaction of the body to food poisoning. Most of all, disobedient dogs who “get” their food on the street or rummage in the trash can are prone to it.
- Often, the gag reflex helps the pet get rid of an accidentally swallowed foreign object or poisonous insect. If something similar is found in the vomit and there is no more urge to vomit, you should not worry about the dog’s health. However, you should still carefully observe her for several days.
- Dogs are prone to overeating tears more often than others. However, recurrent vomiting is not normal.
- Excessive vomiting may indicate a serious problem with the central nervous system of the dog or recent severe stress. The problem is more typical for small breeds.
- If the dog is overheated due to the heat or has spent too much time in the sun, it can get very dangerous heatstroke, accompanied by bouts of vomiting.
- Also, the pet may vomit due to problems with intestinal obstruction or as a result of damage to the body by parasites.
If vomiting manifests itself along with diarrhea or a number of other unpleasant symptoms, it is worth taking the animal to a veterinary clinic for examination as soon as possible.
How to cure a dog from vomiting and diarrhea?
There are a number of general therapeutic measures that veterinarians recommend for dog breeders to use in this situation:
- You should leave the dog without food for 24 hours in order to completely unload the intestines, but in no case should it be deprived of water. Otherwise, the pet’s condition will only worsen even more due to dehydration.
- A large animal needs to be watered correctly. in portions. If your dog drinks a whole bowl of water right away, it can seriously irritate the stomach lining. It is better to do it often, but in small portions.
- To relieve stomach cramps, you can give your dog papaverine or no-shpu.
- You should not neglect folk medicine, namely, a decoction of oak bark, which not only boasts an effective astringent effect, but also has a beneficial effect on the mucous tissues of the stomach.
- To remove toxins and other toxic substances from the dog’s body, it is worth using activated carbon, smecta or enterosgel.
- To normalize the microflora in the intestine, lactobifadol is suitable.
It must be clearly understood that vomiting and diarrhea in a pet does not appear without reason. The above treatment only helps to relieve the symptoms of dangerous diseases, but does not free the animal from the root of the problem. Only a comprehensive medical examination of a dog in a veterinary clinic will help to find out why such symptoms are present and choose the optimal treatment.
Causes of vomiting and diarrhea
If vomiting and diarrhea occur at the same time, the reasons for their appearance can be very different.
Often, vomiting and severe diarrhea occur due to food poisoning or alcohol poisoning. The first signs of diarrhea appear within a few hours after ingestion of the provocateur (low-quality products, pathogens, a large amount of alcohol). It’s easy to recognize an upset stomach:
- Fetid diarrhea appears.
- There are undigested food debris in loose stools.
- Nausea provokes repeated constant vomiting.
- The patient experiences weakness, dizziness develops, the body temperature rises, it causes chills.
- Painful cramps and flatulence appear in the abdomen, accompanied by profuse salivation.
If vomiting and diarrhea are the result of an upset stomach, first aid can be provided to the patient at home. It is necessary to flush the stomach, then every 15 minutes you need to give it enterosorbent. It is important to try to provide an abundant drinking and pastel regimen, as well as put the patient on a strict diet. When diarrhea in an adult is accompanied by vomiting, after each of its attacks, the patient should be given a portion of a special drinking solution at the rate of 10 ml per kilogram of the patient’s weight. On the first day, while the patient is constantly vomiting, it is better not to eat anything at all. On other days, the diet is based on the use of vegetable soups, mucous broths. From the diet, experts advise to exclude foods that can irritate the mucous membrane of the stomach and intestines, the food itself should be light.
Vomiting and diarrhea from intestinal infections
Another type of disease in which the main symptoms are described are intestinal infections. In fact, there are a great many of them. The course of human diarrhea depends on the pathogen. Once in the gastrointestinal tract, pathogenic bacteria begin to multiply actively. For our body, not only they themselves are dangerous, but also the products of their vital activity. It is they who can provoke loose stools in adults, acute gastritis with severe pain in the stomach, enteritis, colitis with black vomiting and black diarrhea. The most dangerous thing in such a situation is the development of dehydration, so it is so important not to miss the first signs of malaise.
If the cause of the described symptoms and diarrhea in an adult is intestinal infections, then lethargy, loss of appetite, headache, cramping abdominal pains, loose stools with mucus or pus are added to them. Often, blood is also present in the feces. Sometimes the patient vomits bile, and then severe diarrhea appears. this malaise is also the result of intestinal infections.
How to distinguish diarrhea caused by indigestion from intestinal infection? It is impossible to do this on your own at home, so it is important that when the described characteristic signs appear, immediately contact an infectious disease specialist, only he will be able to find out the causes of vomiting with bile, and also determine why diarrhea has occurred. And before his arrival, it is important to provide the patient with first aid. It consists of the following:
- Give the patient a separate room and separate dishes. When he vomits, put a separate bowl.
- Give him a pastel mode.
- Cover with a blanket, if a person suffers from chills, you can put a hot water bottle in your legs.
- You can wash your stomach before the doctor arrives.
- If the diarrhea is severe, it is important to organize an abundant drinking regimen (after each urge, give a special solution at the rate of 10 ml per kilogram of body). To prepare the solution, you can use Regidron (one sachet per liter of water).
- If the syndrome intensifies, it is necessary to give an absorbent (Smecta or Microsorb).
Before the arrival of an ambulance, you should not take painkillers, they will lubricate the clinical picture. Only a thorough examination will allow prescribing treatment, but a diet for diarrhea and vomiting with bile will necessarily be included in the therapeutic complex, nutrition should be adjusted and brought to the previous level.
Vomiting and diarrhea in an adult are the main causes
When green diarrhea and vomiting appear in an adult at the same time, it is not difficult to make an accurate diagnosis on your own if you listen more closely to the reaction of your own body. In fact, there are several reasons for the formation of diarrhea and the malaise associated with it, but each leads to the formation of a large number of dangerous toxins, which the body tries to get rid of itself by pushing them out.
If a person vomits, and the diarrhea only intensifies, it is necessary to immediately call a doctor, and before his arrival try to provide the patient with first aid. What do you need to do for this? A description of the main causes of diarrhea and a listing of the symptoms associated with provocative factors will help to answer this question.
Vomiting and diarrhea due to external factors
Vomiting and diarrhea in an adult can also appear due to the influence of external factors: an overdose of medications, severe mental and physical fatigue.
Such diarrhea can be recognized by the following signs: the presence of a headache, a sharp slowdown in the pulse, the appearance of delirium, an allergic reaction in the form of a red rash on the body. A specific medical smell appears from the mouth, coordination of movement is often disrupted, a person vomits violently. Emergency care for such manifestations is the same as for ordinary food poisoning.
Most physicians tend to believe that vomiting with bile and diarrhea are often the result of a violation of the nervous system. Prolonged stress, psychological fatigue in an adult provokes a wide variety of diseases of the stomach, intestines, liver, kidneys, cardiovascular system, including diarrhea. If a person vomits, this is the first sign that the body begins to independently get rid of toxins and toxins, but disturbances in the functioning of the nervous system can also provoke the appearance of such a symptom.
What explains vomiting and diarrhea during menstruation?
Mild indigestion and diarrhea during menstruation are not uncommon. Usually they are stools due to fluctuations in the hormonal background. the level of progesterone increases, it causes relaxation of the vaginal muscles, and intestinal smooth muscles as well. As a rule, diarrhea goes away with menstruation, but if it appears along with vomiting with bile, you should consult a doctor. Similar symptoms can occur for various reasons, for which, only a specialist can say.
Whatever the reasons for vomiting with bile and green diarrhea, after severe diarrhea, you need to go very carefully to a normal diet, so the diet becomes the main component of an ambulance for the patient.
Features of the diet for vomiting and diarrhea
During the development of the acute phase of vomiting with diarrhea, there is, in general, nothing. A plentiful drinking regime and complete rest will help to survive the malaise with minimal losses. On the first day of recovery, when the patient is no longer vomiting, the diet is especially strict. It is allowed to eat oatmeal cooked in water without salt and sugar, drink rice broth with lean bread croutons. When the stool is liquid, doctors recommend drinking black tea, dried fruit compote and sugar-free rosehip broth as a drink. Everything else is completely banned.
The next day, the diet allows some relaxation. You can enter the diet, boiled vegetables and cereals cooked in milk, half diluted with water. On the third day, lean steamed meat and fish are included in the diet, on the fourth day it is allowed to eat the usual food, but after each meal it is useful to drink enzyme preparations, the green loose stool should disappear after such treatment.
As you can see, both vomiting and diarrhea in an adult can occur for various reasons. First aid depends on what triggered the diarrhea. Knowing why he vomits bile, diarrhea appears, why in some cases they occur simultaneously, and in others first vomiting, and then diarrhea, it is not difficult to cope with the initial panic and learn how to provide first aid to the patient by adjusting the diet.
Other possible predisposing factors
White, stringy foam and vomiting are one of the most common signs of. rabies. This is a deadly infectious disease for humans, transmitted through the bite of infected carriers. Of course, foamy vomiting in itself is not a reason to call a special team of veterinarians: this may be required if the dog is suddenly numb, eats only inedible objects, is afraid of water, etc. Of course, trying to somehow treat the pet even with the slightest suspicion of rabies is fatal dangerous!
Another “pathogenic” reason for the appearance of foamy vomiting can be infectious tracheobronchitis. It is an extremely contagious upper respiratory infection in dogs. In this case, white foam and mucus are secreted through the mouth constantly (although these secrets are not always a sign of vomiting). All this content leaves directly from the respiratory system, while the vomiting itself is caused by a hard and incessant cough, irritating the corresponding receptors. As in any other case of infectious diseases, the dog has a hot nose, a persistent fever is possible. In addition, the animal becomes lethargic and noticeably apathetic. So if you notice that the dog vomits white foam only when coughing, and the foam in this case comes out along with decent portions of half-digested food, then, most likely, stomach and other gastrointestinal tract diseases have nothing to do with it.
In general, the reasons for what happens to an animal can be extremely varied. In particular, pancreatitis, almost any kidney disease (severe intoxication), diabetes or hepatitis can lead to indigestion and, accordingly, vomiting. The more severe and prolonged the attacks, the sooner you need to show your pet to the veterinarian.
Dog vomits foam: main causes and treatment
For some reason, it is generally accepted that vomiting in pets is by all means a sign of some catastrophically dangerous pathology. Fortunately, this is not the case. The dog can vomit due to the same poor-quality food or food intolerance to some product. Everything is individual. But when the dog vomits with foam, it is still worth showing it to the veterinarian, since the background of what is happening can be quite serious.
Main predisposing factors
In many cases, vomiting is due to a common stomach upset. This happens if the dog eats something “wrong”, but there are often cases when voracious dogs vomit, capable of a whole burst of food in one sitting. The stomach can react to this very violently: vomit will come out until there is nothing left in the organ cavity at all. It is then that the foam will come out, which is a mixture of gastric juice and mucus. The same happens when a dog eats grass for “self-cleaning”. But in all these cases, the foam will not come out alone, you can always see impurities of food / grass, fragments of bones, etc.
Foamy vomiting is very common in dogs suffering from gastritis and other diseases of the gastrointestinal tract. Most often in this case, regurgitation is observed in the morning, after a night’s sleep. This is due to the fact that by the morning a large amount of acid accumulates in the stomach in the form of gastric juice. It strongly irritates the organ, as a result of which vomiting occurs. If your pet has it in the morning, regularly, accompanied by the release of a large amount of flocculent foam, this almost certainly indicates that he has some kind of inflammatory gastrointestinal disease.
Also, if your dog vomits in the morning, this sign indicates that your pet has heartburn. Not only people suffer from this pathology! And in this case, it is advisable to revise the feeding regime of the animal, if necessary, in consultation with an experienced veterinary specialist.
Similarly, by the way, even flatulence may appear. In the case when this pathology develops in the dog, its intestines (and sometimes the stomach) swell from an excess of gases. This can happen both immediately after a meal (poor quality food), and subsequently, due to volvulus. This happens if the dog played and ran right after a heavy meal. In the latter situation, the gases simply have nowhere to go, which is why they follow the path of less resistance, that is, into the stomach. But the reasons for vomiting in this case are quite obvious, since the injured animal rolls on the ground and howls in pain.
With flatulence, white foam in the vomit is noticed quite often. Other symptoms may include restlessness, restlessness, and refusal to obey orders to sit and lie down. In this case, you urgently need to contact the veterinarian, since the consequences of a neglected case of flatulence will most likely be very serious (up to the same bloat). In addition, in such a situation, even a rupture of the intestine with the subsequent development of fecal peritonitis is not excluded.
Foamy mucus and blood
But what if the dog vomits foam with blood? This is the most serious form of pathology, if detected, the animal should be immediately shown to the veterinarian. Most likely, the matter is in the opened ulcer somewhere in the stomach or small intestine, or in general in this situation we have to talk about the perforation of the ulcerative lesion. In addition, a similar symptom with equal success may indicate a serious infectious disease of the digestive system. Also, bloody foam is sometimes evidence of piercing the wall of the stomach or intestines with sharp objects.
For example, chicken or beef bones carefully given out by the owner, the fragments of which are no dumber than a knife. Finally, the blood sometimes indicates poisoning with some especially toxic poisons, sometimes the animal is brought to this by neglected cases of helminthiasis (the appearance of vomit with mucus is especially characteristic).
Finally, if the vomit is not only densely colored with blood, but also has some small and numerous inclusions, this sign may well indicate the disintegration of a malignant tumor. However, such neoplasms very rarely go unnoticed at this stage, and the owners of the animal most likely know about their pet’s cancer.
It is not at all good when the dog vomits with brown foam: this indicates a deep “bedding” of the bleeding defect. During the passage of blood, it manages to partially digest, coming out in a slightly modified state.
Bloody vomiting will in most cases be accompanied by diarrhea, which can also be colored in the color of cranberry juice. If bloody “belching” is accompanied by no less bloody diarrhea, the animal should be delivered to the veterinarian as soon as possible, since any delay can result in death. Please note that if these symptoms occur, it is advisable to bring a sample of vomiting with you so that it is easier for the veterinarian to understand what exactly he is dealing with.
It is a little easier if the dog vomits with pink foam, slightly tinted with blood. Most likely, she is sick with infectious tracheobronchitis. This is another highly contagious upper respiratory tract infection. The main symptom is an excruciating, dry cough accompanied by other symptoms. The latter include nasal discharge of mucous exudate, lethargy, loss of appetite, and intermittent fever. Similar types of “colds” in dogs (like parainfluenza, for example) can also cause the development of a similar clinical picture.
By the way, where does the blood get into the foamy liquid in all these cases? It’s simple. From constant and painful coughing, the mucous membranes of the organs are damaged, become thinner, which can cause blood to “leak”. Once again, we recall that the dog vomits at the same time. it is from a strong cough that the digestive organs are in a normal state (as a rule). Thus, if a dog coughs and vomits with white foam continuously, then most likely the matter is in some kind of respiratory disease. It is very possible that this is some kind of infection (“kennel cough”, for example).
What causes the appearance of yellow vomit
If a dog is vomiting with yellow foam without eating, the color of the vomit is easy to explain. Incidentally, a similar phenomenon can be observed in animals that eat only once a day. The yellowness in all these cases is due to a noticeable admixture of bile in the vomit. If you notice recurrent cases of “yellow burp” in your pet eating only once a day, you can try to correct the situation yourself, without going to the veterinarian. To do this, you need to transfer the dog to two or three meals a day, dividing the usual daily intake into the appropriate number of servings.
But if there were no special changes for the better even after that, we strongly recommend that you still show the dog to the veterinarian. The fact is that such a scenario development may well indicate serious difficulties with the digestion of food masses. In addition, this is typical for some cases of cholecystitis (that is, inflammation of the gallbladder). At the same time, from time to time, the accumulated portions of bile are thrown out into the intestines, cause its strongest irritation and, accordingly, lead to severe vomiting. In this case, the dog urgently needs the help of a qualified veterinarian, since such a pathology may well lead to death.
Home treatment, or when to seek help from your veterinarian
As we said, there are many reasons that, in some cases, lead to the development of vomiting in dogs. Sometimes these predisposing factors directly contribute to the development of regurgitation, sometimes they act indirectly (kidney disease). If your pet does not have any other symptoms (besides vomiting), and otherwise he looks completely normal, there is a chance to cope with the pathology on his own.
First, you should put your dog on a starvation diet for about 12 hours. Water should be offered in unlimited quantities, but it would be better if it was boiled. After a while, offer your pet a lump of sugar. this way you can check whether the food will stay in his stomach (or dissolve a tablespoon of sugar in a glass of water). If everything went well, then after a day you can gradually return to a normal diet. If the dog does not eat at all, take him to the clinic immediately!
Boiled rice and boiled chicken are ideal. Greens crushed in a blender will be useful, as they are an additional source of vitamins and minerals. It is necessary to add volumes of food very gradually, so as not to provoke a relapse of vomiting. It is advisable to give the pet food in the first week, dividing it into five to six small portions. This approach will significantly reduce the load on the digestive system, and on an empty stomach it is easier to establish what exactly is happening to the pet.
But if you even suspect that the cause of vomiting is something more serious than gastritis or poor-quality food the day before, you should immediately show your dog to an experienced veterinarian. Keep in mind that young animals are at risk. With prolonged vomiting, they can even die from severe dehydration. Visit your veterinarian when the dog continues to vomit constantly, the vomit is stained with blood, if the animal becomes lethargic. In addition, you need to be concerned if your pet has dry vomiting from time to time. Most likely, all this indicates a serious pathology of the digestive system.
Experienced veterinarians generally believe that if a dog vomits bile with foam, then it is close to 100% likely to have some kind of serious liver disease. Whether it is or not, only a professional can determine, but the owners are better off limiting the amount of fat in the pet’s diet as much as possible. But the veterinarian should think about what to do next.
Drinking plenty of fluids
After cleaning the stomach and intestines, the dog should be given plain water to drink. This is necessary to replenish water losses. In order not to induce repeated vomiting, drink often and little by little. Optimal: infuse 5 ml through a syringe every 10 minutes.
Causes of symptoms
An animal can tear and vilify not only due to poisoning, but also due to disturbances in the work of internal organs. Vomiting and diarrhea are a defense mechanism by which the body tries to get rid of poisons and toxins.
Below are the main causes of vomiting and diarrhea in dogs.
- Poisoning with poisons and chemicals. Dogs can accidentally eat rat poison, medications, household detergents.
- Food poisoning in dogs, which developed as a result of the consumption of poor quality and spoiled food. It can be rotten meat, expired dog food.
- Isoniazid poisoning. This substance is used by dog hunters to poison dogs. In 90% of cases, it leads to the painful death of the pet. The animal develops a lack of coordination of movements, vomiting of white foam appears, consciousness is impaired.
- Pancreatitis is an inflammation of the pancreas. Develops as a result of a violation of the diet, the use of fatty foods, such as pork.
- Diseases of the hepatobiliary system (liver and gallbladder). It can be hepatitis, liver cirrhosis, cholecystitis, cholelithiasis.
- Viral or bacterial infectious diseases. Nausea and vomiting develop due to intoxication syndrome.
- Helminthic invasions. Helminths that affect the body.
- Change of feed or food components. Stool disorder can occur after changing the brand of food or switching the animal to a different type of food.
- Treating your dog with flea and tick products, using dog shampoos.
- Complete or partial intestinal obstruction may be caused by a foreign body or intestinal tumor.
- Oncological malignant neoplasms of an animal. Vomiting and diarrhea can occur when a partial intestinal obstruction due to a tumor occurs. Also, these symptoms can develop while the animals are undergoing chemotherapy for cancer.
After identifying the cause of diarrhea and vomiting and making a diagnosis, the veterinarian tells the owners how to treat the dog. Surgical treatment is indicated for intestinal obstruction, malignant tumors and internal bleeding. In all other cases, drug therapy is performed.
If the animal is in serious condition, it is left for a while in a veterinary hospital. If the pet feels stable, the doctor prescribes a diet, drinking regimen, and medications. If the animal needs regular droppers and injections, the veterinarian appoints the time and day of the next visit to the veterinary clinic.
Conservative treatment depends on the diagnosis and the severity of the dog’s condition. The doctor may prescribe veterinary drugs or human drugs, but in a lower dosage.
If the puppy has symptoms due to improper selection of food, he is prescribed baby food, enzyme preparations and a drinking regimen.
What to do if your pet has symptoms
If your dog has diarrhea and vomiting, do not try to treat yourself. To prescribe the correct therapy, a veterinarian examination and a detailed examination of the animal are required. If the animal develops nausea, vomiting and diarrhea, it should be taken to a veterinary clinic as soon as possible. If the dog became ill at night, you do not have a 24-hour veterinary clinic nearby, you can start treating at home.
What’s the first thing to do? Try to remember what your pet has eaten over the past 24 hours, whether he picked up something from the ground while walking. Sick puppies need more attention as their condition worsens and becomes dehydrated faster.
The components of first aid are described below.
In order to flush the dog’s stomach, you should introduce 60-80 ml of plain water into her mouth and then press her finger on the root of her tongue. Introduce less water to puppies (20-30). You can pour water through a regular 20 ml syringe (without a needle).
It is strictly forbidden to add any medicines, herbal decoctions and potassium permanganate to the water for washing the stomach. You cannot be sure that the animal will definitely vomit what you put into its mouth, and there will be no harm from simple water.
A solution of potassium permanganate is prohibited for the treatment of animals. Even highly diluted potassium permanganate can cause a burn of the gastric mucosa.
Gastric lavage is contraindicated in such situations:
- If vomit or stool is black. This means gastrointestinal bleeding, flushing may increase it;
- In case of poisoning with acids and alkalis;
- With impaired consciousness of the animal.
Examination and diagnosis
When visiting the veterinarian, the owners should describe in detail the symptoms that their pet has, indicate the exact number of episodes of vomiting and diarrhea, the appearance and the approximate volume of vomit and feces. You also need to describe the treatment provided to the animal at home.
The veterinarian will examine the dog, check the pulse, blood pressure, oxygen saturation of the blood. To make the correct diagnosis and prescribe treatment, the doctor may need the results of some tests.
Checklist for a dog with vomiting and diarrhea.
- A general detailed blood test will help establish the following pathological conditions:
- The presence of a bacterial or viral infection in the body;
- Helminthic invasion;
- Anemia, leukemia;
- Malignant process.
- A general urinalysis helps to exclude kidney damage, which is characteristic of poisoning.
- A blood test for toxins is performed when a dog is poisoned with poisons.
- Stool culture for bacteria is necessary to diagnose intestinal infection.
- Analysis of feces for eggs of worms is carried out if helminthiasis is suspected.
- Ultrasound examination of internal organs is necessary to assess the condition of the liver, gallbladder, pancreas and kidneys.
- A biochemical blood test is performed to detect diabetes mellitus, electrolyte abnormalities, impaired liver, kidney and pancreas.
- ECHO of the heart is indicated for the development of heart failure. The doctor, using an ultrasound machine, assesses the contractility of the myocardium, the state of its valves, blood vessels.
This diagnostic list can be narrowed or expanded by a veterinarian, depending on the clinical picture and condition of the animal.
What to do if your dog has diarrhea and vomiting
Diarrhea and vomiting in a dog can mean poisoning, intoxication or pathological processes in the internal organs. The owners should pay attention to these symptoms. The article discusses the main causes of vomiting and diarrhea in dogs, methods of examination and treatment of animals with such symptoms.
Sorbents are drugs that neutralize and remove toxins from the intestines. For first aid, a simple activated charcoal is suitable. It is easy to calculate the required dosage: for 10 kg of animal weight, 1 tablet of this sorbent is required.
Grind the required amount of activated carbon to crumbs and dilute in 10 ml of water. Then draw this solution into a syringe and through it pour into the mouth of the animal.
If you have another sorbent at home, carefully read the rules for its dosing, consult your veterinarian about the possibility of using this drug to treat a dog.
Don’t feed a dog that has vomiting and diarrhea. Remove the plate of food from her, leave only the bowl of water.
You can start eating only after the permission of the veterinarian, who will write down the features of the therapeutic diet.
Vomiting with blood in a dog is a very dangerous symptom in which an urgent need to consult a veterinarian. Blood in the vomit may indicate damage to the esophagus. This can happen from sharp bone fragments or swallowed third-party objects.
Blood in vomit is also a symptom of infectious diseases. Also, blood in the vomit can be a symptom of poisoning.
In case of liver problems, blood is thrown into the stomach, and then comes out with vomiting. Long-term use of potent antibiotics may cause bleeding in the stomach.
Even if vomiting with blood was an isolated case, the animal still needs to be taken to the veterinarian for examination.
Vomiting of bile
Vomiting of bile is also an alarm signal that indicates a serious problem with the animal’s body. The main possible causes are:
- Gastritis and other chronic stomach diseases.
- Long fasting, due to which stomach acid and bile accumulate in the stomach.
- Stomach upset.
- Stomach ulcer.
- Liver disease.
- Overeating after a long fast.
If your dog vomits yellow foam, you need to see a doctor as soon as possible for an accurate diagnosis. The accumulation of bile in the stomach may indicate a serious infectious disease of the pet, which can lead to his death.
Causes of nausea and vomiting
Nausea and vomiting are natural processes aimed at trying to rid the body of accumulated toxins. Vomiting also serves to clear the stomach of foreign objects or excess food. Let’s highlight the possible causes of nausea in a dog:
- Infection with worms;
- Infectious diseases;
- Chronic diseases of internal organs;
- The appearance of foreign objects in the esophagus;
- Binge eating;
- Bowel obstruction;
- Mechanical injury;
Nausea and vomiting may indicate a disease of the gastrointestinal tract, neoplasms and serious inflammatory processes in the body. Basically, vomiting is only a symptom of the disease, therefore, to treat it, it is necessary to diagnose the root cause of the dog’s poor health.
What to do if your dog is sick? Dog vomits foam: causes and methods of treatment
Nausea in a dog is not uncommon. It is not always a sign of a pet’s illness, sometimes nausea and vomiting are part of the natural processes in the body. However, nausea in a dog is a reason to pay close attention to the pet’s health. Consider what to do if your dog is sick. Causes of vomiting and symptoms of concomitant diseases. Treatment and prevention methods.
Often, when vomiting in a dog, the owners are more interested in the question of how to stop the vomiting and nausea itself, while they do not seek to find out the reasons that caused the dog to feel unwell. This approach is wrong and even dangerous. Nausea and vomiting are only symptoms of serious illness. It is pointless to treat one symptom while ignoring the cause of its occurrence.
What to do if your dog is sick? To begin with, the animal must be taken to a specialist in order to diagnose the disease that caused the vomiting. The doctor will conduct an external examination of the dog, take all the necessary tests, and then make a diagnosis. The root cause of nausea needs to be treated first.
To treat nausea, use:
- Special diet;
- Short fasting;
- Pain relievers;
- Preparations that remove toxins;
- Drugs for nausea;
- Surgical intervention.
What to do if your dog is sick? It is necessary to limit the animal’s food intake for several hours (from 4 to 24). Then you can give a small portion. If the dog vomits again, an urgent need to see a doctor.
Water can be given only boiled or bottled in small portions every half hour. Large amounts of water can cause vomiting again. You can also give the dog ice cubes to lick.
Vomiting is dangerous because it can cause severe dehydration. It is necessary to lift the fold of skin on the back of the animal, holding it with two fingers. If the crease does not disappear after you remove your hand, this indicates a lack of fluid in the dog’s body. If the dog refuses to drink on its own, water can be drawn into a syringe and slowly injected into the mouth. You may need a drip to restore fluid levels in your body.
If the dog has lost consciousness, you need to turn it to one side and stick your tongue out of the mouth so that it does not swell with its own vomit.
Dog vomits foam
After food from the stomach enters the intestines, the stomach continues to produce gastric juice. Together with it, the walls of the stomach are covered with special mucus, which protects the organ from acid. This mucus contains mucopolysaccharides and proteins. If the dog swallows air, a chemical reaction turns the mucus into foam.
Vomiting in a dog with white foam alone indicates only that the dog’s stomach was empty. If this happened once, then you shouldn’t worry about it. However, if a dog with white foam is vomiting over and over again, it could be a symptom of a more serious medical condition. In this case, you need to urgently show the animal to a specialist.
It happens that the dog vomits with yellow foam. The mechanism here is the same as in vomiting with white foam, but in this case, excess gastric juice is still excreted from the stomach. A more intense yellow color may indicate that bile has entered the stomach.
Vomiting as a sign of internal illness
Frequent vomiting in a dog on an empty stomach may indicate gastritis. If vomiting occurs some time after eating, foreign objects may get into the throat or stomach. The dog can be very vomiting due to cholecystitis, pancreatitis and hepatic colic.
If your dog stinks of urine or ammonia from its mouth, the animal may have kidney failure. If a sweetish smell or the smell of acetone comes out of the mouth, diabetes is possible. A rotten smell may indicate dental or intestinal problems.
If vomiting in a dog is accompanied by diarrhea, high or low temperature, we can talk about a serious infectious disease. If the dog is nauseous and shaking, the cause may be a disorder of the central nervous system.
Fountain vomiting may be associated with obstruction of food from the stomach to the intestines. It is most commonly seen in puppies.
When nausea and vomiting are normal
Vomiting does not always indicate a disease of the animal, sometimes it is part of natural processes in the body and does not pose any danger to the dog.
Quite often, puppies regurgitate food when switching to solid food. This is due to overeating, in which case regurgitation is normal. Elderly dogs also often have gagging, although in this case it is better to go for a preventive examination by a veterinarian.
Nausea and vomiting in a dog is possible when switching to a new food. The dog’s body may not accept some of the ingredients in the new food. In this case, you need to change it to another.
If the dog absorbs food very quickly, it may gag from overeating. Another vomiting in an animal can be due to strong feelings and stress.
On the road, the dog can be rocked, because the dog’s vomiting after a trip by car is natural.
It happens that the dog is sick after vaccination. If the animal vomits once, there is nothing to worry about, but if vomiting continues, you need to see a doctor.
During walks, dogs often eat grass, and after them vomit bile. This is a normal process. this is how the pet cleans the stomach. It is worth remembering that such vomiting is considered normal if it happens no more than five times a month, moreover, there should be no blood and worms in the vomit.