When and where to look for ticks in fur
The tick does not bite immediately after it hits the body. It takes him 1-2 hours to find the perfect spot. The parasites usually move upward and settle in the ears, armpits, and femoral folds. Males unclench their jaws after reaching the moderate saturation stage. Females remain on the body for up to 10 days. Hungry ticks are like spiders. Well-fed look like a bulky mole or bump.
An ear mite is a subcutaneous parasite. Its presence is determined by a thick brown mass. To make sure that the diagnosis is correct, you need to take a certain amount of mass from the ear with a cotton swab and shake it over the tissue. If whitish insects appear on it, then it is an ear mite.
To spot a tick in time, you need to regularly examine the dog after a walk.
Inspection begins with the muzzle, armpits and groin. Then they move to the back and sides. If the dog has a thick coat, it is almost impossible to notice the tick. In this case, it is checked manually: the wool is probed from the undercoat to the outside of the pile. The skin is examined in a circular motion.
Signs that the animal has been bitten by a tick:
- unwillingness to move from place;
- loss of appetite. the dog walks over to the bowl of food but leaves it intact.
In large breeds, bite symptoms appear after 5-8 hours, in small breeds. almost immediately. If a tick is found, it can be removed at home.
What not to do
Most veterinarians advise to refrain from blocking the oxygen supply for the tick. This can lead to death rather than trying to leave the wound. A dead bloodsucker will relax the jaw, which will cause contaminated saliva to enter the bloodstream. It is strictly forbidden to water the tick with kerosene or gasoline. Also, you can not leave the head under the skin: saliva will enter directly into the bloodstream, which will lead to instant infection.
A tick doused with oil or other liquid will not be accepted for analysis in the laboratory. The same applies to bloodsuckers without a head, proboscis, etc.
How to correctly and quickly remove a tick from a dog
Spring and summer are the time of the awakening of nature. But at the same time, parasites and harmful insects come to life. Ticks lie in wait for people and animals at every turn: they live in grass and bushes. Therefore, it is important to know how to remove a tick from a dog. Animals are especially vulnerable when walking.
How to rid your dog of the parasite
The jaws of the tick are equipped with microscopic hooks. This helps him stay on the body until full saturation. To properly pull out a stuck tick, you need to be very careful. The head of the parasite can remain under the skin and cause infection with such diseases:
- piroplasmosis (causes jaundice and dysfunction of internal organs);
- borrelliasis (lime);
- ehrlichiosis (symptoms include fever, eye and joint damage).
Encephalitis ticks are as dangerous to dogs as they are to humans.
A person can become infected with lime or encephalitis by crushing the parasite in an attempt to remove it.
In order to independently pull out a tick from a wound, you need to be calm and collected. If the owner feels that he cannot do it, it is better to seek help from a veterinarian. Tick removal price. 350-700 rubles.
It so happens that the pet does not allow inspecting the bite site, turns and twists. This means that the animal is in pain. Lidocaine spray is suitable as a local anesthetic. Before starting the procedure, you need to find a well-lit place. The dog is laid down and tried to calm down. The hair around the bite site is carefully trimmed or oiled to improve visibility.
As you know, ticks breathe on the surface of the body, so the parasite needs to cut off oxygen. Suitable for this:
- nail polish;
- fat cream;
- vegetable oil;
- special tool for removing ticks.
The parasite is lubricated with one of these agents and left for half an hour. If the tick is not bloated with blood, it will fall off by itself. If this method was not effective enough, you can drown the bloodsucker in vegetable oil using a syringe. A small amount of oil is taken into a syringe without a needle and dripped onto the tick. Then they wait another 20 minutes. If the oil method did not work, then you will have to remove the parasite by hand.
Before removing, you need to make sure that all paws are on the surface and the head is clearly visible. Otherwise, it will be necessary to use tweezers and get the limbs that have gone under the skin.
After that, you need to try to twist the parasite, but so that the head does not separate from the body. The process requires extra care. Unscrew the tick counterclockwise or make movements as if a tooth is shaking. You can remove the inflated bloodsucker with a thread. The loop should clasp the proboscis like a noose. To draw out the parasite, you need to gently move the loop from side to side.
Removal with tweezers may result in a crushed body. The loop is also not the most reliable device. it will easily cut off the proboscis. Both methods require extreme concentration. If the extraction was successful, do not rush to get rid of the tick. The parasite is handed over for analysis to the laboratory.
It happens that the bite site is under the eye and on the nose. In this case, the tick is also unscrewed counterclockwise. The main thing is not to put pressure on the abdomen, so as not to provoke additional secretions.
After removal, it is necessary to treat the wound with any antiseptic, with the exception of brilliant green and iodine.
What to do if your head comes off
If the owner noticed that the head of the parasite remained in the wound, he must quickly remove the remnants. Before the procedure, the wound should be anesthetized and wiped with an antiseptic. Then you need to ignite the needle on the stove and gently get the head out. Sometimes the leftovers are deep and difficult to remove yourself. In this case, the help of a veterinarian is needed. He will make a small incision and examine the wound of the animal: is there a proboscis or something smaller.
For the next three weeks, the owner should closely monitor the dog’s health. The incubation period for diseases caused by carnivorous and subcutaneous parasites is 21 days. Treatment begins after the first symptoms appear.
Preventive measures are easier than removing parasites.
The most effective methods include:
- acaricidal drops on the withers;
- an anti-tick collar;
When using an anti-mite spray, it is necessary to treat the body, paws, armpits, groin, head and area behind the ears. The dosage of tablets and drops on the withers is calculated based on the weight of the animal. Modern pills for fleas and ticks can remove parasites in 12 hours.
The collar has a long duration, but is treated with a harmful compound. Plus, it requires 24/7 wear. Currently, there are ultrasonic collars. They scare away pests with high-frequency sounds. An intermediate option is a collar soaked in oils and herbs. It is called biological.
3 Effective Home Remedies for Ear Mites in Dogs
Responsible attitude to the prevention of parasites is the key to animal health. A small bite is enough for infection to occur. The symptoms of tick-borne disease can be very severe. Infection often ends in death of the dog.
All symptoms of this ailment can be classified as follows:
- scratches and irritations of the skin;
- sulfur is actively released;
- dark discharge, thick structure;
- unpleasant odor from infected parts of the skin;
- frequent scratching and head shaking;
- characteristic deep claw wounds around and inside the ears.
If your pet develops these signs, it is recommended that you immediately contact your veterinarian. Experts do not advise to self-medicate, because you can harm your health, as well as prolong and increase the suffering of the dog. Untimely or poorly provided assistance leads to complications of the disease.
If there are signs of illness, consult a doctor.
Parasites can easily provoke inflammation in the middle ear, meningitis, perforation of the eardrum, damage to the pia mater of the brain. Such consequences can completely deprive the dog of hearing, in some cases are fatal.
Among the popular folk methods of treating a tick, the medicinal plant tabebuya is distinguished. It is also called the gold of the Incas.
The preparation is made from the inner bark of trees growing in South America. It works similarly to antibiotics, but is completely natural.
Vitamin C is effective in treating inflammation. It has a stimulating effect on the adrenal glands, which produce natural steroids that reduce inflammation. Diarrhea can be a side effect of the vitamin. Therefore, you need to be careful with its dosage. In case of penetration, reduce the dose.
Vitamin C is effective in treating inflammation.
Actions aimed at increasing immunity can speed up the healing process of your pet. You can use vitamin complexes. and also introduce more vegetables and fruits into the diet. And also, provide animal rest with care and comfortable living conditions.
Tick prevention rules are simple and accessible to every owner. By doing them regularly, you can protect your pet from serious illness and prevent suffering.
After bathing the dog, she should wipe her ears.
- Every time after bathing your pet, you need to wipe his ears dry. Check their surface regularly for the appearance of discharge. Brown discharge is especially dangerous. The auricles should be cleaned regularly using sterile cotton swabs. During active reproduction of ticks in nature, it is worth limiting close communication of the dog with unfamiliar, and especially stray, animals.
- On sale there are special means for the prevention of the parasite. They come in the form of a collar, spray, drops, or shampoo. Such funds are produced by many companies, are available in all veterinary pharmacies. But their use must be treated with caution. Such substances, although very popular, cause allergic reactions of varying degrees of severity.
Treating ear mites in dogs at home
Before starting to use the drugs, you must thoroughly clean your ears from parasites and dried plugs. If this is not done, the drug will not be able to have a high-quality effect on the entire affected skin area.
In this case, the treatment will not give the expected result. Cleaning can be done with ordinary cotton swabs, pre-moistened with tea leaves or herbal infusion. In order not to transfer parasites to a healthy ear, clean each of them with a new stick.
Clean the ear with a cotton swab dipped in herbal infusion.
The disease affects all breeds and at any age.
Due to the fragile immune system, it is more common in puppies and pets under one year old. These mites live for a three-week cycle. They are very tenacious organisms and can live off the carrier for about two weeks. Once on an animal, they do not penetrate the thickness of the skin and do not feed on its blood.
Treating an ear mite in a dog at home and an overview of symptoms
With the onset of warm days, pet owners try to spend more time with their pet on the street. Fresh air, sun rays, green grass have a positive effect and strengthen health. But there is also a negative in the spring-summer period. At this time, many harmful insects, especially ticks, live on trees and in the grass. When you observe changes in the usual behavior of an animal, for example, it shakes its head and often scratches its ears, an unpleasant smell comes from the ears, this can become an alarm signal. It is possible that the dog has become infected with a parasite. This problem is very common, so it’s worth finding out what an ear mite is in dogs. What drops can you use yourself, and when is it better to contact a specialist?
If you suspect an infection with a dangerous insect, consult your veterinarian immediately.
It is worth noting that it is very dangerous to undertake the determination of the diagnosis on your own, because some of the symptoms are identical to other diseases. And the use of the drug against ticks can arbitrarily cause irreparable harm to the health of the animal.
For a specialist, pest diagnosis is not difficult. Ticks are not microscopic in size and are clearly visible when viewed with an otoscope. This tool magnifies and highlights the insect, making it distinguishable from other species and sulfur.
The dog shakes his head. what to do?
“Why does the dog shake his head”. this question is often asked in veterinary clinics and on forums where dog breeders communicate. What is the reason for this behavior of the dog, and is it dangerous?
To begin with, this phenomenon can have many reasons. With their establishment, as in the case of any other veterinary problem, the search for a solution must begin.
Quite a rare cause for ear problems, but it does happen sometimes. Most often, the dog is annoyed by the water that gets into the ear after swimming or washing. When bathing your dog, always make sure that the jet of water does not enter the ear! It is difficult to do this alone, so it is better to attract helpers or take the dog to the groomer.
Sometimes an insect can get into the ear or a sulfur plug gets stuck.
The main signs of a foreign body: the dog constantly shakes its head, while the ears are absolutely clean. Do not try to remove the foreign body yourself! Be sure to contact a specialist. And you shouldn’t delay it.
If your dog does not tolerate the road well, or there is a problem with transporting it to the clinic, call your veterinarian at home. Veterinary ambulance at home is an excellent solution in difficult cases, saving time and nerves. The range of provided veterinary services with a home visit will solve almost any problem. An additional benefit of calling a veterinarian at home is minimizing stress for an animal that is already having a hard time.
Ear inflammation most commonly occurs in dogs with long, droopy ears. This is a fairly common condition in breeds such as spaniels. But anyone can become a victim of otitis media.
Clean the inner surface of your dog’s ear regularly, do not let it get cold, lie on cold or wet surfaces, or sleep in drafts. If you have the slightest problems, immediately contact your veterinarian so that later you do not have to treat the disease in an advanced stage.
Ear mite (otodectosis, ear scabies)
A characteristic sign of otodectosis will be the presence of a gray-brown plaque on the inner surface of the ear and a characteristic unpleasant odor. In advanced cases, the ear mite begins to cause severe discomfort. the dog tries to scratch his ears with his paws, “butts” to scratch his ear against surrounding objects. Touching the affected ear is acutely painful.
Ear mites are successfully treated with antiparasitic drugs. To apply them, the ear must first be cleaned with cotton swabs. But this must be done very carefully. it is quite painful. In addition, it is important to remove the formed plaque and scabs, and not push them even deeper into the ear canal.
In any case, treatment should be started with a veterinary examination by a specialist.
Closed head injuries
Head shaking in dogs is not always associated with ear problems. The dog can shake its head for other reasons. Closed craniocerebral trauma can be one of them.
If a dog is severely hit on the head, for example, hit by a car, then one of the consequences of the incident may be behavior in which he will shake his head.
Even if there is no external damage, be sure to contact a specialist! Closed injuries are very insidious, and it is rather difficult to predict the further development of events. But the sooner you intervene in the situation, the more chances of a successful solution to the problem.
Open wounds on the head
Dogs shake their heads to get rid of something that is bothering them. For example, a dried crust on a wound, applied ointment or a bandage. If your pet has a head injury and its treatment involves topical application of any medications or dressings, it will most likely shake its head to relieve it all.
Your task is not to let the dog do this, otherwise the treatment may take a long time.
Abrasions and open wounds to the ear
This is usually a consequence of a disease. His symptoms have already been eliminated, but the dog, combing his ear, scratched its inner surface, and now it is not the root cause, but the effect that annoys it.
You can help the dog by treating the damaged area with wound-healing preparations. But you should be very careful that nothing gets into the ear canal.
Ear mites in dogs. Treatment. Prophylaxis
Mites live on the surface of the skin and in the ear canal, where they feed on dead cells and tissue fluids. Also, mites can spread over the entire surface of the skin. When this happens, the dog starts scratching its back, neck and tail. The presence of mites can cause severe inflammation in your affected dog’s ears.
Although ear mites can appear in dogs at any age, they are more common in small and growing dogs. This is due to the not yet fully formed immunity. Ticks have a three-week life cycle and can live without the parasite host for several weeks. Unlike fleas, the tick does not penetrate the skin or suck blood.
- Irritated and scratched skin;
- Increased production of earwax;
- Thick, black discharge from the ear;
- Scratched ears;
- The dog shakes its head regularly;
- Scratched skin around the ears.
How is ear mite diagnosed? Ear mite symptoms are often similar to other ear conditions. A yeast infection can also produce black exudates (black discharge) in your dog’s ears, and if you decide to experiment with your dog and use ear mite medications without a diagnosis, the situation gets worse and the dog will develop ear inflammation. Therefore, making an accurate diagnosis is a prerequisite for the dog’s recovery.
Determining an accurate diagnosis is not a problem for a veterinarian. The ear mite is a large insect and can be seen with an otoscope that magnifies the ear mite, and the light from the otoscope helps distinguish mites from earwax. Also, in the light, ticks begin to move. If the tick is located deep in the ear canal, the veterinarian will use an ear stick to remove the deeply entrenched ticks to examine the exudate under a microscope. Ear mites are highly contagious. All other pets must be examined and treated at the same time. Ticks can also be transmitted to your cats.
How to treat? The veterinarian begins treatment by cleaning your dog’s ears before using the drug. Some products do not require thorough cleaning before use. Your veterinarian may prescribe injections and medications for home treatment.
Ear illnesses, infections, and injuries are common conditions that often require medication. For the average person (not the medical profession), using these drugs can be a confusing and complex process. Some dogs refuse medication and do not want to be treated, especially when it comes to their ears, which are also very sore. It may take diligence and patience to follow through with your doctor’s prescriptions to give your dog the medication. The technique used to accomplish physician prescriptions is described below:
- Prepare the medicine by opening the bottle;
- Hold your dog’s head with one hand while grabbing the medication you are using with the other. You can also hold the tip of the affected ear to help keep it still. Be very careful not to grip your ear too hard, as doing so can cause more pain. Expect your dog to flinch when the medication touches his ear;
- Continue to hold your dog’s head on one side and with the other hand insert the medicine bottle;
- That’s all. You got one ear dripped. Massage the base gently to spread the medicine deeper into the ear.
If your dog’s skin is also affected, you will have to rub the medicine over the mite affected areas. After completing the prescribed course of treatment, a second visit to the veterinarian is required for a final conclusion.
Development of otodectosis in dogs
Penetrating on the body of the animal, the tick strives to get into its favorite habitat. the ears. It is here that the food for this parasite is found. blood, earwax. Biting the delicate skin, the tick leaves behind ulcerated, festering areas, from which the fur subsequently falls out.
The saliva of an insect thins the blood, which facilitates the processes of its saturation. In this case, substances contained in the parasite’s saliva cause allergic reactions in the animal. And the main symptom of an allergy in this case is unbearable itching.
The surfaces affected by the mite are compacted and covered with dried crusts. I must say that the disease looks unpleasant and, having seen formations in the ears of a pet, the owners most often think that his ears are simply dirty. In fact, this is far from the case.
When a dog scratches its ears during otodectosis, it inflicts wounds on the affected skin, and this causes the development of an inflammatory process. a secondary infection that often accompanies the disease. Itching in the ears can also be caused by other reasons, not always of a parasitic nature, but inflammation most often signals an infection with an ear mite.
Symptoms of Otodectosis in Dogs
As already noted, tick saliva is an allergen for an animal, but not only it, but all other products of its vital activity are toxic. Once on the skin and in its inner layers, they lead to the appearance of microscopic tears, provoking itching in the dog. The pet is constantly scratching and shaking its ears. Scratches and wounds appear in the auricles and on the outside of the ear. Earwax mixes with lymph, mite feces and forms brown crusts.
In addition, a number of symptoms are added:
- the dog begins to eat poorly, sometimes refuses food altogether;
- the pet does not sit still, behaves restlessly;
- in case of severe damage, the dog can constantly tilt its head towards the affected ear.
To identify the cause of this behavior, that is, the parasite itself, an examination of the ear canal is necessary. Using a cotton swab, you need to clean the auricle and place the contents on a dark sheet of paper. The seized sample must be delivered to the veterinary clinic.
In a clinic, the resulting material is examined under a microscope. If it really is a tick, then you can see the moving tiny gray-white specks.
But if you cannot see the parasites, then this does not guarantee their absence. In the initial stage of the development of the disease, this usually happens. In this case, only a veterinarian can identify an ailment.
Ear mites in dogs. otodectosis
Ear mites, or scientifically otodectosis, often affects our dogs and gives them a lot of unpleasant sensations. The people call this ailment ear scabies, and not without reason, because the parasite provokes the disease, which is localized in the auricles of the animal, forcing it to behave unusually. What kind of disease is it, how can it be recognized and, most importantly, get rid of it in a timely manner?
Consequences of advanced otodectosis
A tick bite is not only unpleasant sensations of the dog, but also a possible cause of various kinds of complications. If the pet is not treated, then this can lead to the following consequences:
- festering of the resulting wounds;
- the development of an inflammatory process in the ear. otitis media;
- damage and further destruction of the tympanic membrane;
- decreased or complete hearing loss;
- inflammation of the membranes of the brain and spinal cord. meningitis.
Statistics indicate that complications develop in one out of ten cases of otodectosis. Naturally, this is not a reason to panic, but a warning. a sick animal must be cured in a timely manner.
Treating ear mites in dogs
There are many reasons why it is not worthwhile, without experience, to engage in independent treatment of a four-legged friend:
- Only a specialist after a comprehensive diagnosis can confirm that the pet has otodectosis.
- When choosing a drug, the doctor takes into account the individual characteristics of the dog (breed, tendency to allergic manifestations, neglect of the disease) and prescribes the optimal remedy.
- An experienced veterinarian will be able to calculate the required dosage, as well as the duration of the course.
All anti-parasite agents can cause allergies, as they contain special components that are poisonous to insects. Therefore, it is necessary to constantly monitor the animal and, in case of any symptoms, go to the clinic. the doctor will prescribe another drug.
Before applying external agents, it is imperative to clean the auricles from accumulated sulfur, leaked exudate, and crusts. To do this, you can wrap a piece of gauze or bandage around your index finger and wipe the inside of the sink. The bandage can be moistened with a solution of boric acid, furacilin or hydrogen peroxide. In the latter case, it is necessary not to allow the drug to drip into the ear.
The procedure can be supplemented by applying vegetable oil to the baked crusts or treating them with freshly brewed tea leaves. For this, it is convenient to use cotton swabs and change them as often as possible.
For the same purposes, you can purchase special lotions at the veterinary pharmacy, for example, “Epi-Otik” or “Otodin”, which will facilitate the removal of crusts, eliminate an unpleasant odor, and they also have a pronounced antipruritic effect. They can also be used as a prophylactic agent.
It doesn’t matter if there is a lesion in one auricle or both are affected. two ears are always subjected to the procedure. You cannot use the same material to clean both ears. when switching to the second ear, you need to take a clean stick or put a new bandage on your finger. Such treatment is an excellent preventive measure that protects against the further spread of parasites.
Drops are usually given to treat ear mites in dogs. It is necessary to instill in both ears, strictly taking into account the prescribed dosage.
Ear Mites SOLVED Naturally!
Among the well-known ear drops from otodectosis in dogs, the following can be noted:
- “Amitrizan Plus”;
For external treatment, ointments may be prescribed by a veterinarian:
- “Sulfuric ointment”;
- “Colloidal sulfur”;
- “Aversectin ointment”;
- “Vishnevsky balsamic liniment”.
The ointment must be warmed to room temperature, applied to the affected area with light massaging movements so that the medicine penetrates into the deeper layers of the epidermis.
You should know that such remedies eliminate the adults of the parasite. Therefore, it is necessary to repeat the treatment after a week and a half after the first course. Do not forget about possible allergic manifestations, and if, after using the product, the pet has skin hyperemia, itching, skin rash, then you need to consult a doctor.
If, after the completed therapeutic course, the subcutaneous tick reappears, it means that we are talking about incorrect or insufficient treatment, or the dog has low immunity.
Ear mite preventive measures
Since the parasite is transmitted from an infected animal, you should protect your pet from communicating with yard and stray dogs. This is the main preventive measure.
Regular examination of the dog for parasites is required, and do not forget to pay attention to the ears. This is especially important for pets with hidden auricles, since it is not always possible to detect a tick or inflammation in them in time.
If brownish sulfur begins to form, it means that the animal has become infected with an ear mite.
By regularly cleaning the auricles, you can remove the parasites that have just entered the ear, preventing the development of the disease. And, in addition, such hygiene will not allow the spread of infection.
Do not neglect the use of special insecticidal agents against parasites. drops, sprays, shampoos. Dogs need treatment prior to seasonal parasitic insects. You need to choose the funds carefully, especially if the pet has a tendency to allergies.
Like most diseases, otodectosis is very easily cured at the very beginning of development. At this stage, regular cleaning of the ears and the use of special drops will help to relieve the pet of ailment.
If it was not possible to identify a subcutaneous mite, and it caused significant damage to the dog, then not only otodectosis will have to be treated, but also the secondary infection that has joined. This will take more effort and time.
Ear mite in a dog what to do
Home Questions and answers Dogs Diseases and health of dogs
Ear mites, or otodectosis, is a contagious disease in dogs that affects the inner surface of the auricle. Most often, mites can be found in the auricle and external auditory canal. If you do not start treatment, then this can lead to serious complications, such as. otitis media, arachnoiditis (inflammation of the choroid of the brain and spinal cord), perforation of the tympanic membrane, meningitis. Currently, there are many drugs available to kill ear mites in dogs: injections, ointments, drops and sprays.
Before starting treatment, you need to make sure that the dog really has an ear mite, and for example, does not have otitis media. To do this, the contents of the ears (scraping) are examined under a magnifying glass or microscope.
For the successful treatment of an ear mite (and depending on the type of medication), certain procedures must be carried out:
Before instilling drops in the ears, they must first be cleaned. The hair growing in the ears is cut off, otherwise the medicine will remain on it and not on the skin. If there are crusts, then they must be soaked and then carefully removed. To do this, a solution of cleansing drops (Migstim, Otifri, Klini, Epi-Oti) or lotion (Bars, Otodin, Epi-Otik, Ear Cleaner) is instilled into the dog’s ears. In their absence, you can use 2% hydrogen peroxide, dioxidine, oil (baby, vegetable, vaseline), fish oil, alcohol-containing solutions, glycerin, 0.1% rivanol or furacilin solution, 3% boric acid solution. Then, use a cotton swab (a clean stick is used for each ear) to clean the ear canal. It is better to instill drops warmed up to 30-35’C. After that, you need to massage the ear at the base for a couple of minutes for faster absorption of the medicine.
When treating an ear mite, it is necessary to treat and treat both ears at once, even if only one is affected. Remember that odotectosis is contagious and can be transmitted from sick animals to healthy animals. After 5-14 days (depending on the type of drug, see the instructions), the treatment is repeated.
List of ear drops: Aurikan, Bars, Otovedin, Amit, Anandin plus, Tsipam, Amitrazin, Otoferonol gold, Demos, Decta, Tresaderm, Mr. Bruno Extra, Bio Groom Ear Mite Treatment, Decor-2, Epacid-alpha, Surolan, Oricin, Ectodes and others.
Drops on the withers are applied only externally. they are applied to the area of the shoulder blades, to the base of the neck or along the cervical vertebrae of the dog. It is easy and simple to use such a remedy, and its effect lasts up to a month. But such drugs are quite expensive and not everyone can afford them. List of drops to the withers: Front Line Spot He, Advocate, Stronghold, Dana Spot He, Phiprist Spot He and others.
The injections are convenient in that there is no need to put drops in (but not clean them) sore ears, which often increase the pain, which makes the dog fearful when cleaning the ears. Once in the blood, the drug not only kills ear mites, but also helminths.
But there are also disadvantages:. These drugs are quite poisonous, so only a veterinarian can prescribe them. By showing independence, you can poison your dog…. Preparations based on ivermectin should not be used for the treatment of collies, shelties and bobtails These preparations can only be injected into adult dogs Do not use injections on weakened animals, as well as for diseases of the liver, kidneys, pregnancy and lactation.
List of injectable drugs: Aversect KS, Otodectin, Ivermek 1% and others.
Ear treatment with acaricidal foams should be carried out at a distance of 10-15 cm for 1-2 seconds.
List of acaricidal foams, sprays and gels: Acrosol, Ivermec, Anti-Flea spray, Amidel-gel, Acaromectin.
Ointments are used to treat damaged areas of the skin of the auricle. When placing the ointment in the ear canal, the auricle is folded in half lengthwise and massaged at the base. When used externally, the ointment is applied to the skin surface or into the ear at the rate of 0.2. 0.3 g per 1 cm².
List of ointments: aversectin, sulfur-tar, Oridermil, birch tar.
Remember that ear mites can move to other parts of the body, therefore, during treatment, the dog must be treated with insecticidal acaricidal shampoo (Flea Tick Shampoo, Zoolekar, Demos, Bars, DIP-II, Dana, Hartz, Husse Citronella, Bolfo, Phytoelita, etc. ).
Attention! The parasites are quite tenacious and can live in the environment for up to a month. To prevent re-infection, at the same time as treating the dog, it is necessary to treat its things (bedding and objects with which the sick animal had contact) and the floor from ticks with any acaricidal agent (Butox 50, Tsipam, Amit, Allergoff spray, Quick Bayt WG 10, Diazinon S, Suminak).
How to properly clean your dog’s ears before using medication
And now we need to talk about how to properly clean the dog’s ears before using basic products. There is nothing difficult in this, but you should always be careful and careful:
- Use only sterile cotton swabs to clean your ears.
- When cleaning the ears from crusts and “debris” of waste products of ticks, force cannot be used. Simply put, all the crusts and other pieces must be separated very carefully and gradually. We strongly do not recommend peeling off the scabs, as this will certainly lead to the development of an inflammatory process. To prevent this from happening, you must first soften them with sterile vegetable oil or hydrogen peroxide.
What does ear mite look like in dogs
Even experienced breeders often have an idea of what an ear mite looks like in dogs. In general, there is nothing strange about this: the pathogen, that is, Otodectes cynotis, does not differ in impressive size. It can generally only be seen through a microscope.
But there is still a way to see this parasite with the naked eye:
- It is necessary to take a clean cotton swab and scrape out the inner surface of the pet’s ear.
- Then you need to carefully peel off the cotton wool from it and put it in a small glass vial (a container for antibiotics or eye drops is ideal).
- After the jar is placed in a warm enough place for about an hour.
- After 60 minutes, the container is placed against a black background (for example, against a sheet of colored paper) and, using a good light source, carefully examine the insides of the test tube. If you look closely, you will notice tiny, whitish and “self-propelled” dots. These are ear mites. If you take a more powerful magnifying glass, you can see more details of the structure of the parasite’s body.
One of the interesting features of this tick species is the almost complete absence of sexual dimorphism: the body length of both females and males is approximately 0.45-0.5 mm. This makes them very different from other types of ticks, in which the female is usually much larger than the males (especially after abundant nutrition).
We emphasize right away that it is possible to use folk remedies in the treatment of otodectosis only if the course of the disease is mild. When pus is trickling out of your pet’s ears, poultices are just a waste of time.
Experts advise using the following techniques:
- Camphor oil, which is used to clean dog ears up to three times a day, has proven itself quite well. Camphor mites are strongly disliked, so in the early stages of infection, it is quite possible to cure the animal.
- We highly recommend disinfecting the ears of a sick pet at least twice a day, using a 3% hydrogen peroxide solution for this purpose. The peroxide itself practically does not harm the ticks, but this simple remedy prevents the development of inflammatory processes.
- Strong green tea (cooled down to room temperature, of course) is a real folk remedy. They need to wipe the dog’s ears up to five times a day. Green tea is a natural disinfectant. It has a slight tanning effect and also prevents the development of inflammatory reactions in the animal’s ear canals.
- For the treatment of otodectosis, it is advised to use garlic, but we would not recommend using this remedy. The fact is that garlic contains many substances that are deadly to dogs. In addition, such a “vigorous” remedy can simply burn the delicate skin lining the inside of the ear canal. But if there are no other options, then you can use it. It is necessary to grind the smallest clove of garlic into a fine and completely homogeneous gruel. It is mixed with about a stack of sterile vegetable oil, and then infused for a day. The resulting composition is instilled into the ears of the dog no more than one drop per day.
- You can also use essential oils, including peppermint, eucalyptus, orange.
Once again, we warn you that all the “folk veterinary” remedies described by us are effective only in the initial stages of the disease. Also, if used too much, they can easily burn the skin in your dog’s ear canals.
Why is the parasite dangerous?
As we wrote above, many breeders do not worry at all that their pets have ear mites. This is a fundamentally wrong and extremely dangerous delusion. At first glance, “harmless” otodectosis is a rather unpleasant disease. But what is the danger of the parasite?
A number of unpleasant complications:
- The most common problem is otitis media. over, in many cases, it has a dangerous habit of rapidly deteriorating, turning, for example, into a purulent form. With a particularly “successful” combination of circumstances, the dog may well die from perforation (more precisely, melting) of the eardrum and the ingress of pus directly into the brain. In addition, in recovered dogs, coordination disorders are often observed. This is due to the possible damage to the cochlea and other organs responsible for maintaining a normal body position in space.
- Complete or partial deafness of the animal. Considering that the ear mite in most cases affects both ears, deafness may well be not only complete, but also bilateral.
- Inflammation of the external and all other parts of the hearing organs.
Important! Any tick-borne (and generally parasitic) invasions strongly “plant” the immunity of the animal, which is fraught with the development of fungal infections. An ideal environment (warm, damp, lots of fertilizers) is created in the ear for the growth of fungi.
Likewise, the risk of developing tumor pathologies (both benign and malignant) increases significantly.
How to treat an ear mite in a dog at home
Some parasitic diseases in pets are so “boring” to breeders that they practically do not pay attention to them. A good example of this is otodectosis in dogs. But the disease is actually very dangerous! Therefore, today we will tell you how you can (and should) treat an ear mite in a dog at home.
Signs of ear mites in dogs
In general, everything is simple here. All signs of an ear mite in dogs are similar to those for any other hearing diseases:
- The dog starts scratching his ears. At first, it is mild, but over time, the itching becomes more and more severe. After a couple of weeks (depending on immunity and other factors), he “gets” the animal so much that the dog begins to literally tear his ears. It is not surprising that in sick pets, the auricles quickly become covered with numerous scratches, tears and abrasions.
- Development of the inflammatory process, in many cases quickly turning into a purulent form.
- Abundant accumulation of brownish-red deposits. These are the waste products of ticks. Accordingly, the more this “sedimentary rock” is, the more intense the infection.
- In severe, advanced cases, an ideal environment is created in the ear for the development of pathogenic and, including pyogenic, microflora. In addition, in some situations, putrefactive microflora joins the inflammatory process. In these cases, the dog starts to smell extremely unpleasant. In addition, with advanced otodectosis, the dog constantly shakes its head and ears, which is why droplets of a foul-smelling exudate fly in all directions.
As a rule, drug treatment for ear mites does not cause any particular difficulties. Provided, of course, that the case is not yet too neglected.
There are a lot of preparations for this:
- The most common drops “Bars”, which are in every veterinary pharmacy.
- Aurican and other drip preparations designed to be applied directly into the ear canals.
Risk group: which dogs are most susceptible to otodectosis
Quite frankly, dogs become infected with ear mites much less often than cats. But there is a certain risk group in the case of these pets:
- Longhaired breeds.
- Dogs with long ears are very susceptible to tick infestation.
- In addition, animals with soft and wrinkled skin (Shar Pei, for example) are in a similar situation.
But far from always and not in all cases the breed belonging plays a noticeable role. The combination of the following factors is much more important:
- Fatness and general health of the pet (however, this is true for thousands of other diseases). The closer the dog is to its normal physiological form, the less likely it is to develop tick-borne infestation. Accordingly, obese and weakened, emaciated animals are equally convenient targets for parasitic ticks.
- The younger or older the animal, the higher the likelihood of the disease. Age factors have a bad effect on the state of immunity of dogs, and therefore the latter get sick much more often and much more heavily (of course, this applies not only to otodectosis, but also to many other pathologies).
- Of course, initially sick pets are much easier to “catch” parasites.
- Nutrition plays an important role. The better the pet’s diet is selected and balanced, the less likely it is that it will develop otodectosis.
What to do for the owner of a tick-bitten dog
Many inexperienced dog breeders get lost when they first discover a tick in a dog and do not know what to do next. But even worse, when the tick is not detected at all, which happens quite often.
Then it remains only to closely observe the dog, and as soon as it stops eating its favorite treats, not to mention the usual food, without waiting for the onset of other subsequent signs, immediately go to the veterinary clinic!
A tick found and removed in time is a chance that the pet did not have time to become infected with a dangerous infection.
- Therefore, ideally, after each walk, the dog should undergo a scrupulous examination. the paws, armpits, groin, neck and chest are examined most thoroughly, even if the pet is treated against ticks, because no remedy can give a 100% guarantee.
- If a characteristic tubercle is felt through the wool, then you need to carefully examine it, and if it is a tick, then immediately proceed to remove it.
- To do this, you need to arm yourself with tweezers and alcohol, you can vodka or brandy.
- Gently spreading the fur, moisten the protruding body of the bloodsucker, especially the place of its introduction into the skin, with alcohol or a liquid containing it.
- Wait a little for the tick to relax the proboscis under the influence of alcohol, and proceed with its direct removal.
- Grasping the parasite with tweezers at the very place of contact with the skin, begin twisting movements in one direction, holding the tweezers parallel to the skin or at a slight angle, avoiding an incorrect perpendicular grip, which may rupture the tick body.
- The extracted bloodsucker must be submitted for analysis in order to check for the presence of pathogens of piroplasmosis, if they are found, donate the dog’s blood for analysis in order to start adequate treatment on time and have time to save the pet.
- If the tick could not be pulled out completely and the head remained inside, you need to contact your veterinarian, as infection is possible.
- After each detected tick, it is necessary to look closely at your pet, its behavior and well-being, and in case of the slightest deterioration, immediately seek help from a veterinary clinic, otherwise it could cost him his life!
Important! Parasitologists do not advise using oil, gasoline and other poisonous mixtures to pre-wet the tick. they can kill the parasite, but at the time of death it will relax the proboscis, and the contents of its stomach, along with the causative agents of piroplasmosis, will enter the dog’s blood, infecting it with an infection.
Symptoms indicating piroplasmosis infection
The characteristic symptoms for piroplasmosis individually can manifest themselves in many diseases with a milder course, therefore, to suspect it is piroplasmosis in the early stages, when the dog can still be saved with the help of the treatment begun on time, a comprehensive analysis of the behavior and well-being of the pet helps.
Symptoms after infection manifest themselves rapidly, as the disease progresses, the existing ones are aggravated, and new ones are added.
- The first symptoms begin on the second day after the bite, with a rise in temperature to 42 degrees, which is kept at this level until the onset of an irreversible stage preceding the death of the animal.
- The dog is breathing rapidly, its pulse becomes threadlike and frequent.
- The pet loses activity, becomes lethargic, moves a little, tries more to lie down and do nothing, refuses to play, goes out for a walk reluctantly, seeks to hide away from the owners so that he is not disturbed.
- The animal loses appetite, which in itself may not alert the owner. But the fact that a pet turns away from a favorite treat, which it always begged for before, should cause serious concern.
- In a day or two, vomiting joins, often with mucus, because the dog is hungry by this time and his stomach is empty. Possible admixture of blood in vomit.
- Vomiting is accompanied by a violation of the stool in the form of diarrhea with possible blood impurities, the color of feces shifts towards bright yellow or greenish.
- Lips, mouth and eyelids often turn red at first, and then pale, with an icteric or grayish tinge, but they can immediately turn pale, bypassing redness.
- On days 2-4, weakness in the hind legs, characteristic of piroplasmosis, is observed. The pet moves with difficulty, the gait is constrained, as if it brings suffering to the dog. At this stage, all the summary symptoms already indicate the development of an acute stage of a fatal infection.
- On days 3. 5, the dog’s urine darkens due to the destroyed red blood cells secreted during urination, and becomes similar to dark beer or coffee. This phase presupposes urgent resuscitation measures, because it indicates the beginning of irreversible processes.
- If further the owner of a sick dog does not take the right steps and does not seek urgent veterinary help, but begins to independently treat the dog with all sorts of folk remedies, the pet will have complete paralysis after 5-7 days from the moment of infection with a tick bite, and the animal will inevitably die.
Important! In some breeds or in dogs with strong immunity, as well as in those who have had piroplasmosis earlier, the symptoms may be mild and smoothed, and the disease may be prolonged in time, but recovery will not come! Therefore, it is better for the owners of such pets to insure themselves and contact a veterinarian by passing an analysis for the presence of the pathogen.
Why tick bites are dangerous for a dog
In addition to the unpleasant consequences that are characteristic of the bites of any parasitic bloodsucker, such as itching, allergic manifestations of varying severity, suppuration and other lesions of the skin, ixodid tick bites carry the danger of a dog infecting a dog with piroplasmosis (canine babesiosis), which is popularly called canine encephalitis.
- This disease is caused by the simplest blood parasites that invade red blood cells, as a result of which the blood structure is destroyed and the dog dies if nothing is done and treated. Pathogens are transmitted at the time of a tick bite, which acts as a kind of reservoir for protozoa, where they multiply and then enter the blood of the animal.
- Most representatives of the canine family suffer from piroplasmosis. The infection is most severely and acutely transmitted by young pedigree dogs and puppies. smoothed symptoms are typical for adult animals. Mortality from this disease in dogs in the absence of adequate treatment tends to 100% and occurs about a week after the pathogens enter the dog’s bloodstream.
- After a tick is found in a dog, the first symptoms of infection do not occur immediately, and they are not specific. Therefore, inexperienced owners may not pay attention to them or misinterpret them, and only when the dog becomes completely ill, they take him to the clinic to the veterinarian, where it is not always possible to save the pet.
The situation is complicated by the fact that ticks in dogs, having drunk blood, after a while themselves can fall off from the body of the victim, and remain undetected. Therefore, it is necessary to know the characteristic symptoms that will tell for sure that this is tick-borne piroplasmosis, and what the owner of the bitten dog should do in this case.
What to do if you find a tick in a dog
With the onset of the first warmth in spring and until the very end of autumn, while the grass is standing, the dogs are in mortal danger from the bite of ixodid ticks, and not only in nature outside the city, but literally near the house, where the dog goes for a walk every day.
Therefore, every responsible dog owner must know what to do when ticks are found in dogs and what symptoms they can cause. This is a signal for careful observation of the pet’s behavior, and if it changes, it is a reason for an urgent visit to the veterinary clinic.
What to do if the tick is not detected, and the symptoms resemble the development of piroplasmosis
It often happens that with the most careful examination of the dog after each walk, it is not possible to detect a tick.
- This is explained by the fact that a tick, once on the dog’s body, can look for a suitable place to suck for about an hour or two.
- During the search for such a place, the body of the parasite is not yet filled with blood and is small enough in size for the bloodsucker to be detected, especially since it is not attached to a certain place.
- Therefore, an examination, especially if it was the last evening walk, may not give anything, and overnight the tick will suck, drink blood, infect the dog with piroplasmosis and safely fall off, leaving no visible bite marks.
- The dog begins to get sick, the others are added to one symptom, time passes, and the owner does not even suspect that the reason is a tick bite. Such cases are the most common reason for the loss of a beloved pet.
Therefore, when the first signs of trouble with the dog appear, you need to urgently go to the veterinarian, since signals such as a combination of lethargy, lack of appetite, vomiting and diarrhea already speak of a formidable disease. This may not necessarily be a tick-borne infection, it is quite possible that it will turn out to be a distemper or enteritis, but dogs die from them too! Self-prescribing treatment or all sorts of folk recipes will not help here!
Prevention of piroplasmosis
and more cases of treatment of treated dogs for infection with piroplasmosis are recorded, and not all pets can be saved.!
- Therefore, it is better to insure yourself in case of leaving or walking outside the city limits, outdoors in the forest or in the field, during rest, training or hunting.
- To do this, in addition to drops on the withers or an insecticidal collar, the belly and paws of the pet can be additionally treated with a protective spray.
- A novelty has proven itself well. dog pills “Bravecto”, which can protect a pet for 12 weeks. But they do not scare away ticks, but kill them while trying to bite a dog.
- Therefore, treatment with a spray that has excellent repellent qualities is justified in any case when the risk for the dog of becoming a victim of a tick-borne attack is highest.
Important! After treating your pet with any of the protective equipment, do not forget about the duration of its action against ticks, which, as a rule, is always shorter than against fleas and other parasites! Repeat the treatment in time so that your beloved dog is always as protected as possible from the threat of dying, becoming a victim of piroplasmosis infection after being bitten by a small ixodid tick!