Ticks in dogs: symptoms and treatment
Ticks in dogs are able to hide in the most inaccessible places for a pet. Therefore, every dog owner needs to know where to look for ectoparasites on the pet’s body, how to pull it out correctly, what are the first signs of a tick bite and what are the symptoms of diseases that he could transmit to your pet.
How to spot different types of ticks
You may not notice any obvious and strong signs immediately after the bite. But in a day or two, if you have not yet removed the parasite, the general condition of your pet may change:
- the animal may become lethargic and begin to refuse to eat;
- itching may appear in the place where the tick has adhered to the dog, so your pet may begin to itch or rub against everything;
- if it is an ear mite, then brown discharge from the shell with an unpleasant odor may appear;
- an increase in the body temperature of the animal from normal to 40-41 C is possible;
- an admixture of blood in the urine, yellowing of the whites of the eyes are those symptoms that require a quick visit to the veterinarian.
How to remove a tick from a dog’s body
If your pet has been bitten by a tick, then don’t panic. Calm down, it is better to seek help from a qualified specialist. But, if at the moment you do not have such an opportunity, then removal of the parasite is possible at home:
- The place where the tick has adhered to your pet must be lubricated with oil, this will weaken its “grip” (sometimes it happens that the parasite falls off by itself and no more mechanical actions need to be done with it).
- After 8-15 seconds, turn the tick counterclockwise using tweezers. It is very important to remove the parasite completely without leaving its head in your pet’s body.
- After removal, it is necessary to treat the bite site with an alcohol solution or 5% iodine solution.
What diseases do ticks carry?
The most dangerous disease for dogs that ticks can reward them is piroplasmosis. Unfortunately, this is not just a dangerous, but a fatal disease. Today, there are highly effective medicines for the treatment of this disease, but their effectiveness depends on the condition of the animal, that is, the earlier treatment is started, the more chances for the animal to survive. Symptoms of piroplasmosis include: dark brownish urine, discoloration of mucous membranes and whites of the eyes to yellow, lethargy, weakness during gait, fever. Treatment of this disease should only take place under the supervision of a veterinarian, it includes removing the intoxication of the dog’s body and maintaining its general condition, and, of course, the destruction of the pathogen.
3 Effective Home Remedies for Ear Mites in Dogs
Ticks also carry diseases such as Lyme disease, which can cause arthritis and swelling of the dog’s joints, and hemobartonellosis, but it rarely causes any clinical symptoms in dogs.
Prevention of tick bites
In order for these blood-sucking parasites not to disturb your four-legged friend, special prophylaxis is necessary. Today there are a huge number of products that can prevent tick bites, these are shampoos. and sprays. and collars. and even special drops on the withers of the animal. The drugs differ not only in the form of release, but also in the active substance. They are distributed over the skin and hair of the animal and later, getting on the pet, the tick immediately dies. But, unfortunately, even all these drugs are not able to give one hundred percent guarantee. Their effectiveness depends on how long ago a particular drug was applied to your pet’s skin. It is best to seek help from a veterinarian, and he will be able to choose the most suitable substance for your pet.
Also, there is a special vaccination against piroplasmosis. Currently, there is a Pirodog vaccine on the market for medical services for animals, which is able to form an immune response in a dog to this disease.
NexGard Spectra can be used to prevent and treat diseases caused by ticks. delicious chewable tablets that will successfully fight parasites that can be picked up by a pet when bitten by a tick.
Ticks are not a reason to close houses within four walls and quietly be afraid to go outside. Spend as much time in nature as you like, just watch your pet, try to avoid tall grass, and do not forget about prevention, and then everyone will be healthy and happy.!
What to do if a tick’s head comes off
Despite your best efforts, there is a risk that the parasite’s head will come off and remain in the dog’s skin. This is less likely to happen if you pay enough attention to treating the parasite with an oxygen-blocking agent. What to do if a tick’s head comes off?
The head of the tick is covered with chitin, so for some time the body does not recognize the danger in it. When the chitin is dissolved, the immune system will detect the foreign protein.
There are three possible scenarios for the development of the clinical picture:
- The immune system attacks a foreign protein, as a result of which the bite site becomes inflamed, a purulent sac and fistula are formed. After a while, the fistula will open, the pus will come out and the wound will heal.
- A capsule of connective tissue forms around the head of the tick. At the site of the bite, under the skin, a small movable ball will be felt. The capsule can be removed surgically, although the risks associated with anesthesia are much greater than the predicted benefit.
- The skin will literally push the tick’s head out during the renewal process.
The third option is the most optimal and it happens quite often. The second most common option is purulent inflammation. If a seal has formed at the site of the bite, its development must be monitored, but no measures, unless absolutely necessary, should not be taken.
The inflamed place should not be warmed up categorically, since an elevated temperature can provoke a premature rupture of a bag with pus and the formation of phlegmon. To make the fistula form and open faster, you can use:
- Compresses with Dimexidum.
- Vishnevsky ointment.
- Ichthyol ointment.
In rare cases, during the formation of a fistula, the dog has a fever. If your pet is clearly unwell, it is wiser to see a veterinarian who will open the immature fistula and surgically remove the pus. After the procedure, the pet will most likely be prescribed a course of antibiotics.
Subcutaneous tick in dogs
Demodectic mange or subcutaneous tick in dogs is an extremely unpleasant disease that takes a long time to heal, but does not pose any danger to humans. By the way, a dog with demodicosis cannot infect other animals.
It is important to understand that there is no effective prevention aimed at destroying the pathogen.
Demodectic mange occurs when a dog has health problems and has decreased immune defenses. In addition, the pet may have a predisposition to the development of demodicosis.
Scabies mite in dogs
The scabies mite in dogs is a highly contagious parasite that can affect both pets and humans. At the slightest suspicion of infection with scabies, the dog must be isolated from all pets and households. All examinations and treatments should be carried out in disposable clothing and gloves until the diagnosis is confirmed or denied.
Note! Symptoms of a scabies mite infestation do not appear immediately, so if your dog gets sick, you are more likely to get infected as well. Immediately after confirming the diagnosis in your pet, consult a dermatologist and start preventive therapy for all family members.
Treatment and prevention of scabies in dogs
Treatment and prevention of itch mite require close attention of the owner. Complex therapy is used to eliminate parasites that are already attacking the skin. Ticks do not survive in an anaerobic environment, therefore, as an alternative treatment, they use means that do not allow oxygen to pass through:
- Fatty creams.
- Special, veterinary oil solutions.
- Fuel oil or engine oil waste.
It is important to understand that the skin will only heal if the parasites are completely destroyed. In addition, dry skin promotes healing, so you should not get carried away with the use of folk remedies. To kill ticks, use means that are rubbed into the areas of the affected skin:
- Hyposulfite solution.
- Sodium Iosulfite.
Shampoos containing the active ingredients listed above give good results. Bathing with medicinal shampoos is performed at intervals of 2-3 days and is relevant for extensive skin lesions.
If local treatment does not give positive results within 1-2 days, injections are used:
All of the above drugs are analogous and very effective in the fight against subcutaneous mites. However, these drugs are quite toxic and put a significant load on the liver, therefore, you should consult your veterinarian before using them.
Important! To prevent scabies mites, the dog must be treated with complex insecticides (drops, sprays) once every 1-3 months, depending on the active agents.
Symptoms and signs of infection
The first symptoms and signs of ear mite infestation are associated with itching, which greatly disturbs the dog. You may notice that the pet has become irritable because it cannot get enough sleep. The clinical picture develops in the following order:
- Itching that causes scratches on the dog’s head and behind the ears.
- Constant restlessness. the dog shakes its head, whines.
- Build-up of brown, plasticine-like ear plaque.
- Increased baseline body temperature and the development of purulent otitis media.
At the time of infection, the parasites reproduce in only one auricle, but when the dog itches, it transfers the ticks to the healthy ear. From the moment of infection until the first symptoms appear, it usually takes 1–2 days.
Ear Mites SOLVED Naturally!
Ear mites in dogs
Ear mites in dogs are a very common parasite that can be easily eliminated with timely and comprehensive treatment. Note that a healthy dog can become infected from a live carrier, dead animals and birds.
Dog ear mites are not harmful to humans, but are quickly transmitted to healthy animals. If you suspect an ear mite infection, the dog should be isolated if other pets live in your house.
Symptoms and signs of a bite
Alarming symptoms and signs of a tick bite appear after 2-3 hours, when the analgesic effect of the parasite’s saliva passes. The dog becomes restless and tries to remove the parasite with its paw. If the dog manages to rip off the tick with its claws, the head and paws will remain in the skin, which leads to inflammation.
If a tick bitten by a dog turned out to be a carrier of the piroplasmosis virus, alarming symptoms will appear within 2-3 days. After finding and removing a tick from a dog, carefully monitor its health.
The clinical picture of piroplasmosis usually develops in the following order:
- Decreased appetite.
- Increase in baseline body temperature.
- Pallor of mucous membranes.
- Weakness in the hind legs.
- Bright signs of intoxication.
- Decrease in baseline body temperature.
- Dark beer staining urine.
- Disruption of the central nervous system.
- Yellowness of the mucous membranes of the eyes and gums.
If you find one or more of the above symptoms immediately contact your veterinarian. Pyroplasmosis can be stopped, but it develops rapidly and severely damages the liver. The favorableness of the prognosis directly depends on the speed of assistance, that is, the introduction of an antiviral drug.
If you suspect an infection with a dangerous insect, consult your veterinarian immediately.
It is worth noting that it is very dangerous to take on the diagnosis on your own, because some of the symptoms are identical to other diseases. And the use of the drug against ticks can arbitrarily cause irreparable harm to the health of the animal.
For a specialist, pest diagnosis is not difficult. Ticks are not microscopic in size and are clearly visible when viewed with an otoscope. This tool magnifies and highlights the insect, making it distinguishable from other species and sulfur.
Then you can start instilling the drug. It is important to treat both organs, even if only one is symptomatic. Follow the dosage and treatment schedule prescribed by your veterinarian strictly. After dropping the medicine, gently massage the ears, evenly distributing it over the surface of the skin. Make sure that some of the drops fall into the ear canal. If the course of treatment is not carried out correctly, there is a high degree of risk of relapse. So follow the instructions.
Wash hands with soap and water before instillation.
This procedure will require strength and patience. It will not be superfluous to ask for the help of a loved one to hold your head. The algorithm for the procedure at home is as follows:
- wash your hands with soap and water;
- open the container with the drug;
- keep the head and edge of the ear of the animal motionless;
- instill the required amount of medicine on the surface of the organ;
- gently massage the ear, distributing the preparation.
Treating an ear mite in a dog at home and an overview of symptoms
With the onset of warm days, pet owners try to spend more time with their pet on the street. Fresh air, sun rays, green grass have a positive effect and strengthen health. But there is also a negative in the spring-summer period. At this time, many harmful insects, especially ticks, live on trees and in the grass. When you observe changes in the habitual behavior of an animal, for example, it shakes its head and often scratches its ears, an unpleasant smell comes from the ears, this can become an alarm signal. It is possible that the dog has become infected with a parasite. This problem is very common, so it’s worth finding out what an ear mite is in dogs. What drops can you use yourself, and when is it better to contact a specialist?
How does the infection take place
Initially, parasites enter the shells, where they feed on dead cells of the epithelium and fluids that secrete tissues.
Ears become inflamed due to parasites.
If they are not noticed and eliminated in time, they begin to spread over the skin on the head, and then on the whole body. Outwardly, this can be determined by the fact that the animal is actively scratching its back and tail. These pests cause severe ear inflammation, itching and intense soreness.
Tick prevention rules are simple and accessible to every owner. By doing them regularly, you can protect your pet from serious illness and prevent suffering.
After bathing the dog, she should wipe her ears.
- Every time after bathing your pet, you need to wipe his ears dry. Check their surface regularly for the appearance of discharge. Brown discharge is especially dangerous. The auricles should be cleaned regularly using sterile cotton swabs. During active reproduction of ticks in nature, it is worth limiting close communication of the dog with unfamiliar, and especially stray, animals.
- On sale there are special means for the prevention of the parasite. They come in the form of a collar, spray, drops, or shampoo. Such funds are produced by many companies, are available in all veterinary pharmacies. But their use must be treated with caution. Such substances, although very popular, cause allergic reactions of varying degrees of severity.
Among the popular folk methods of treating a tick, the medicinal plant tabebuya is distinguished. It is also called the gold of the Incas.
The drug is made from the inner bark of trees growing in South America. It works similarly to antibiotics, but is completely natural.
Vitamin C is effective in treating inflammation. It has a stimulating effect on the adrenal glands, which produce natural steroids that reduce inflammation. Diarrhea can be a side effect of the vitamin. Therefore, you need to be careful with its dosage. In case of penetration, reduce the dose.
Vitamin C is effective in treating inflammation.
Actions aimed at increasing immunity can speed up the healing process of your pet. You can use vitamin complexes. and also introduce more vegetables and fruits into the diet. And also, provide animal peace with care and comfortable living conditions.
The disease affects all breeds and at any age.
Due to the fragile immune system, it is more common in puppies and pets under one year old. These mites live for a three-week cycle. They are very tenacious organisms and can live off the carrier for about two weeks. Once on an animal, they do not penetrate the thickness of the skin and do not feed on its blood.
Common signs of ear mites in dogs
Severe itching is the first of all symptoms.
Severe itching in the ear is the main symptom of the disease.
- The longer the problem is not resolved, the more your pet will itch.
- Because of this, your home resident actively shakes his head, trying to get rid of the irritant, rubs his ears against furniture and corners, scratches them with claws, sometimes to blood and abrasions.
- With an aggravation of the patient’s shells, they become covered with bald patches, persistent wounds, from which there is a discharge of pus and exudate.
- They, mixed with the fecal secretions of parasites, dry up, filling the shell and folds of the ear.
- This results in brown or gray crusts and scabs that give off an unpleasant odor.
How does otodecosis occur?
In most cases, ear mites in dogs are transferred from one individual to another by close contact, for example, when they meet during a walk, they can exchange these organisms.
If both a cat and a dog live in the house, then when a representative of the feline family is infected (and their body is more susceptible to this disease), an invasion of the dog can also occur.
Otodecosis is also inherent in young individuals under the age of four months, which they can easily inherit from the mother when feeding on mother’s milk.
Otodectic mange. ear mites in dogs
Ear mites in dogs or ear scabies, or scientifically, otodecosis is a very common disease in the canine family. It arises as a result of damage to the ears of a four-legged parasite Otodectes cynotis. These creatures live in the auditory opening and inside the auricles, feed. skin particles, earwax and blood.
How to treat otodecosis
Treatment begins with the identification of the disease by the main symptoms. By regularly examining the auricles of a pet, you can determine the onset of the disease without any difficulty.
After identifying otodecosis, you should immediately contact your veterinarian. Now zoopharmacology does not stand still and daily medications are produced, which quickly have a deadly effect on the parasite without causing any harm to the animal’s body. In addition, it is worth noting that a number of drugs are poisons that kill ear mites, but have side effects for dogs. Therefore, the use of these substances should be carried out only after consultation with a doctor. If he is a competent specialist, he will be able to independently, on the basis of his knowledge, identify the possibility of using these drugs.
As a rule, regular cleaning of the ears in dogs is prescribed as a treatment, followed by instillation of a medication into the auricle. For drops, the veterinarian usually gives recommendations on the schedule of instillation, which can be easily checked by the annotation supplied by the manufacturer of the drug.
Why is otodecosis in a dog dangerous?
The lack of timely treatment for a four-legged pet can provoke a number of diseases that can adversely affect its health. Here, inflammation of the middle ear, and weakening of the eardrum, leading to partial or complete hearing loss, and meningitis, and inflammatory processes of the meninges, and much more can occur. At the same time, the animal may remain deaf, and in some cases there may even be a lethal outcome of the dog.
Systematic scratching can lead to abscesses, which also provoke inflammation, and often infections, leading to the death of the animal.
Ear drops technique when ear mites are found in dogs
If ear scabies is found in a dog and drops are prescribed by a veterinarian, then the first step is to read the instructions for their use. There, the manufacturer usually gives clear instructions on the use of the drug. As noted above, the veterinarian can slightly correct the instructions from the label and give his recommendations, taking into account his knowledge and the condition of the sick animal.
Usually, when a disease such as otodecosis occurs, the treatment method is simple:
- It is necessary to cleanse the dog’s ear canals of scabs and a fetid mass resulting from the vital activity of the parasite. They are cleaned with different cotton swabs so as not to transfer a harmful microorganism from a sore ear to a healthy one.
- After complete cleaning of the auditory canals and the inner part of the ears, a few drops should be dripped from the pipette according to the recommendations of the manufacturer and the veterinarian. And it is better to massage the ear at the base so that the medicine evenly spreads through the inner cavity of the hearing aid.
- It is necessary to bury in both ears, even if one of them is healthy.
- The instillation procedure must be carried out carefully, because the dog can have a terrible itching, and the slightest touch to the diseased organ can cause unpleasant sensations.
- If redness or increased itching occurs after the applied drops, you should contact your veterinarian. The fact is that there can be various allergic reactions as side effects to the drug. In case of such, you just need to change the drug.
Finding ear mites in dogs or symptoms of otodectic disease
It is not difficult to detect the presence of this parasite. It is enough to take a closer look at the behavior of your pet. In the event of a disease such as otodecosis, the following signs of invasion will be observed:
- The animal will regularly try to scratch its ears, therefore, with frequent such actions in the area of \ u200b \ u200bthe auricles, there will be reddening of the skin and scratches. At a later stage of the disease, there may even be bald patches. Some attempts to scratch the itchy area will be accompanied by squealing (not to be confused with whining behavior). (adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || ). push;
- Head shaking also indicates the initial stage of the disease.
- Discharge from the auricles, first in the form of abundant sulfur, then pus, which, mixing with the feces of parasites, forms a dark-colored scab. This mass has an unpleasant odor, which can be easily detected by regular examination of the pet’s ears. This substance is deposited in the folds of the auditory organ, provoking further itching.
What to do to prevent otodecosis or ear mites in dogs
To protect your pet from this microorganism in the future, you first need to:
- Regularly inspect your pet’s ears. In case of detection of harmful microorganisms, immediately go to the veterinarian.
- Clean the dog’s ears weekly with cotton swabs, using different swabs for different ears.
- Keep a close eye on the four-legged for a walk, protecting it from contact with strangers, possibly infected, individuals.
- Periodically bring a four-legged friend for a check-up to a veterinarian.
- Use medical means to protect the animal from the parasite, such as drops, sprays, shampoos, etc., while trying to avoid the occurrence of allergic reactions to the prophylactic agent.
Compliance with these simple measures will allow the owner of the dog to forget about what is otodecosis.
Subcutaneous tick in dogs: symptoms and treatment
Dogs have more sensitive skin than humans, so any kind of skin disease is much more difficult for them. The reason for the appearance of unpleasant symptoms is often subcutaneous mites. parasites that feed on the blood and epithelial cells of the “host”. A subcutaneous mite activated in the body or penetrating from the outside in dogs leads to the appearance of diseases such as demodicosis or scabies. Parasitizing under the skin, mites actively multiply and poison the animal’s body with waste products, which is accompanied by unbearable itching, hair loss and can cause a strong allergic reaction. In addition, some types of subcutaneous mites can be transmitted to humans.
The scabies mite penetrates the skin of the dog from the outside and lives in it, feeding on the cells of the epidermis. For a certain period, a healthy immune system resists the development of the disease, but the animal is a carrier of parasites and can even infect humans. True, the symptoms will be mild and will quickly pass, since such mites do not take root on the skin of people.
There are 2 types of scabies mites, depending on which different types of scabies develop:
- Classic. caused by the mite sarcoptic mange, characterized by the same symptoms as demodicosis, but with the formation of foci of inflammation already at the initial stage. The chronic course leads to keratosis, the formation of spots and scars.
- Ear. the causative agent is the notoedrosis mite, which affects the outer part of the ears, but can go to the croup and tail if the dog is used to sleeping curled up. The animal hits itself hard on the ears and head to eliminate itching, sometimes causing severe injuries to itself.
In general, the external manifestations of scabies in dogs are very similar to those of demodicosis. Therefore, it is very difficult to distinguish them without special analyzes. To identify the pathogen, a scraping of the upper layer of the epithelium is taken under local anesthesia.
Treatment of demodicosis
The difficulty of getting rid of Demodex is complicated by the fact that its cause is almost impossible to establish. Therefore, it is necessary to strengthen the dog’s immune system, as well as restore the organs affected by the parasite. The treatment regimen should be as follows:
- to raise immunity. “Immunoparasitan” intramuscularly for 1 week in a dosage corresponding to the weight of the animal;
- for the treatment of the affected areas. bathing and ointments with acaricidal action, which are selected depending on the severity of the lesion (at least 7 procedures with a repetition of the course after 1 week);
- to restore the liver. Karsil tablets according to the instructions (other hepatoprotectors are undesirable, since they can positively affect the state of the tick, especially Essentiale);
- to relieve itching. antihistamines and transfer to a hypoallergenic diet (premium dry food and probiotics to prevent dysbiosis).
If the condition of the animal is critical, the drug “Detomax” is prescribed. It should be borne in mind that such injections from a subcutaneous tick in dogs are a very effective, but highly toxic and very dangerous remedy. Its use is advisable when it outweighs the existing risks of exposure to the weakened body of the dog.
There are no other drugs for demodicosis, including prophylactic ones. If there is a genetic predisposition, the dog may not be protected from the disease, even with the right content. Therefore, after recovery, such animals are removed from breeding.
Signs of the disease
If a subcutaneous tick appears in a dog, the symptoms and treatment of the disease depend on the type of pathogen:
- demodicosis is caused by the conditionally pathogenic mite demodex, which constantly lives in the sebaceous glands and hair follicles of animals, but wakes up and begins to be active when immunity is weakened;
- scabies is an infectious disease that develops when a dog is infected with scabies mites. sarcoptic mange or notoedrosis (they are collectively called scabies itching), which gnaw through characteristic paired tunnels in the skin.
- very severe itching, due to which the dog scratches the affected area until it bleeds;
- hair loss, which first becomes noticeable on the short-haired parts of the body (belly, groin, muzzle, paws), and then bald spots appear everywhere;
- increased nervousness caused by incessant excruciating itching;
- weakness, loss of strength, indifference to what is happening;
- significant deterioration in general condition, the appearance of concomitant diseases.
The main difference is that the demodex mite manifests itself as point inflammations, and itch itching forms paired passages.
But since other symptoms of a subcutaneous tick in dogs are characteristic of most skin parasitic infestations, treatment should be prescribed only after testing and clarifying the type of pathogen. You can give your dog an antihistamine before visiting your veterinarian to reduce itching.
Important! Demodectic mange, scabies and other skin diseases manifest themselves in many ways, but require treatment with completely different drugs. Therefore, it makes no sense to do anything on your own without diagnostics.
Types of subcutaneous mites
There are several types of ticks that can infect dogs. But on the territory of Russia, the most common are demodex, sarcoptic mange and notoedrosis.
The Demodex mite lives in the sebaceous glands and hair follicles of all mammals (animals and humans). But it is in dogs that there is a genetic predisposition to the development of demodicosis, therefore, it is observed in them quite often. The development of the disease begins when the dog’s health deteriorates, caused by factors such as:
- malfunctions of the immune system;
- hormonal disorders;
- severe physical or mental stress.
Demodex does not manifest itself if the dog is completely healthy. When these provoking factors appear, the tick activates and begins to release toxins, which lead to the appearance of itchy foci of inflammation in the form of red bumps. Particularly strong inflammatory processes develop in places where dead parasites accumulate. They spread rather quickly throughout the body, which is usually accompanied by hair loss. If there are no bald patches, demodicosis is often mistaken for allergic itching.
Important! Dogs that have had demodicosis are recommended to be sterilized. Since the reasons for the activation of the subcutaneous tick cannot be established, it is necessary to exclude the influence of hormonal disorders on the health of the offspring.
The disease has 2 types. juvenile (in dogs under 2 years old) and adult. At the same time, a favorable prognosis is characteristic only for juvenile demodicosis.
In addition, the pathological process can have 2 variants of development:
- Localized. the most common form of the course, which occurs in 90% of diagnosed demodicosis in dogs. The lesion appears in one place, which has clear boundaries, with irritation, redness and rapid baldness. There are no secondary symptoms. Independent recovery is possible without treatment in 15–20 days.
- Generalized. the disease has several lesions. It rarely passes without treatment, only in the absence of complications.
In turn, localized demodicosis is of 2 types:
- pustular. proceeds with the formation of purulent pustules, which are combed by the dog, which can lead to infection in the bloodstream and its further spread throughout the body;
- scaly. causes the formation of small redness, covered with dry scales, which also itch a lot and the dog, when combing, can infect them, but it will manifest itself locally.
Generalized demodicosis combines both types at the same time. You can see in the photo what a subcutaneous tick looks like in dogs in all variants of demodicosis. the difference is very noticeable.
Treating subcutaneous ticks in dogs
It is much more difficult to cure demodicosis than scabies. To “deactivate” Demodex, it is necessary to completely restore the entire body of the animal. And in order to remove the scabies subcutaneous mite in dogs, it is enough to direct the treatment only to destroy parasites, and then increase the immunity of the pet.
It is always better to prevent infection than to treat its consequences later. In the prevention of ear mite treatment in dogs, ear hygiene is essential. The likelihood that the parasites will have time to develop and multiply decreases significantly with regular cleaning of the dog’s ears. The main cause of contamination is the plaque that forms in the animal. It is a sulfur that serves to protect the surface of the hearing organs. Therefore, you do not need to remove it every day. It is enough to perform this procedure once or twice a month, depending on the size of the dog and the length of its coat. In dogs with closed large ears, such as spaniels, possibly more often.
Cleansing is done with a dry cotton swab. You can use oil or a weak hydrogen peroxide solution. It is not recommended to use antiparasitic drugs for prophylaxis in a healthy dog. Both ears must be cleaned. Tampons can only be used once to avoid re-infection.
In addition to cleaning, you must carefully monitor the pet’s contacts with other animals. Avoid contact with stray dogs and cats. Even short-term contact is sufficient for the transfer of parasites. We recommend regular preventive treatment for fleas and ticks. It is necessary not to forget to monitor the cleanliness of the litter on which the dog is resting.
Complications and consequences
If the treatment of an ear mite in a dog was started late, or the animal has low immunity, complications of the disease are possible. It should be noted that otodectosis is very often the cause of the development of a whole range of infectious diseases in dogs. In such cases, the treatment must be approached comprehensively. The use of antiseptic drugs and broad-spectrum antibiotics is necessary. If the infection develops inside the ear canal, otitis media may develop. Here it is better to contact a veterinarian, since such diseases are difficult to treat at home, but can lead to serious problems up to the transition of otitis media to chronic and deafness of the animal.
It is also possible for skin infections to spread to other areas of the dog’s body. First of all, the neck, back, head are affected. The animal becomes covered with abscesses and abscesses. Here, too, you definitely need to seek help from professionals. Traumatic complications are also possible. The occurrence of hematomas and lymphoextravasate. Treatment is also best done in the clinic by an operable route.
Therefore, it is impossible to ignore the symptoms of ear mites in dogs. If these are found, it is necessary to start treatment as soon as possible. Failure to get rid of ticks from the dog in time can lead to perforation of the eardrum, meningitis, hearing loss and, in some cases, death of the animal.
Primary symptom detection
It is not difficult to detect the primary symptoms of the disease. The first signs of a pet’s illness will be severe itching in the ears. If your dog is scratching his ears all the time, this is a good reason to worry. The presence of itching in the auricles can be determined by the reflex reactions of the animal. If, when feeling, pressing, or massaging the base of the auricle, the animal pulls its hind paw from the side corresponding to the irritated ear, as if trying to itch. itching inside the ears is present. It is highly likely to be caused by otoacariasis.
Also, ear invasion is accompanied by visual changes in the skin. The formation of characteristic dark plaque, damage and wounds on the skin of the ears and adjacent areas from intense exposure to the claws when scratching. The presence at the edges of damaged areas of crust tissue caused by re-infection. Possible inflammation caused by dirt and staphylococcus entering open wounds.
A characteristic feature is a change in the position of the ears themselves. The infected ear sinks. Also, on close inspection, you can see the parasites themselves. Small white dots inside the auricles against a dark plaque background. For convenience, you can use a magnifying glass and a sheet of black paper. Insects live on the surface, not inside the skin. No deep scraping required.
In case of serious damage to the animal and obvious complications, do not rely only on visual inspection. Also, if, after self-administering a course of treatment to your pet, his symptoms remain or occur repeatedly, to identify the pathology and its exact causes, you should contact a veterinary clinic. Laboratory tests will give a complete picture of the infection. In addition, veterinarians have more effective medicines at their disposal. Specialists can correctly prescribe complex therapy, and thereby significantly reduce the recovery time.
Also, antiparasitic agents such as “Ivermectin” and “Selamectin” are actively used to treat ear mites in dogs.
First drug. these are drops, which are a 1% oil solution. They are inserted into the ear canal, followed by a massage of the concha to distribute the product evenly. It is worth paying attention to the caution of using this drug in Collie and some other breeds, due to possible complications.
Selamectin. the tool is more powerful. Suitable for use in the clinic for the treatment of advanced cases with large populations of parasites, for example, in animals that have lived outside for a long time. Both are effective not only in treating ear mites in dogs, but also against other large Spectra parasites.
Ear mites in dogs: home treatment, photos, drugs
Otoacariasis infection is a very common disease in dogs. The disease is caused by the parasite Otodectes cynotis. It is also called “ear mite“. It lives on the inner surface of the ears of dogs or other animals, such as cats and ferrets. A person is not subject to this defeat. Of course, this is not the only insect that can parasitize here, but it is the most common.
Also, ear mites are the cause of nine out of ten cases of subsequent infectious diseases, canine ears. Here are some photos of the treatment of ear mites in dogs at various stages of the process.
Ear mite, nature of the disease
The total life cycle of an individual tick takes about twenty-eight days. Females reach sexual maturity in seventeen to twenty days. The eggs mature and hatch into larvae three to four days after laying. Initially, this pathology manifests itself with severe itching in the ear canals and shells. Dogs with closed and large ears with long hair are at greatest risk. In conditions of pollution and high humidity, insects develop more actively. As a rule, the defeat is bilateral. This must be borne in mind, even when symptoms appear on only one side. The following are the main causes of ear mites in dogs, the symptoms and treatment of this disease.
Ear mite in dogs, drug treatment
Otakariasis treatment consists of several stages.
Next, you need to save the animal from the effects of ticks. In case of serious damage and the occurrence of wounds and abscesses, antiseptics and antibiotics should be used. Healing ointments and restorative preparations are also recommended. During treatment, it is necessary to exclude as much as possible the poisoning of the animal when poisonous agents get inside. After treatment, the dog will continue to scratch and lick its paws. Here you should use a special collar. It will protect you from additional injuries and prevent poisons from entering the animal’s stomach. After four to five days after the first treatment, the process of treating an ear mite in a dog must be repeated. The fact is that most drugs are unable to destroy already ripe eggs, but the repeated procedure will destroy the hatched larvae.
Ear mites in dogs: symptoms, treatment and prevention
Very often, dog owners do not pay enough attention to the strange behavior of their pets, they most often believe that scratching behind the ear is an action that dogs do all the time. And only when the pet’s ears are torn to blood, and the dog continues to scratch them with force and aggression, when he begins to shake his head, whine and run restlessly around the house, only at these moments the owners begin to understand that something is wrong.
All of these signs indicate that your dog has ear mites. Ear scabies (or otodecosis) occurs when a dog is infected with Otodectés cynotis mites. Once in the ear, they are conveniently located in the ear canal and on the inside of the auricle. This parasite feeds on particles of earwax, epidermis and blood of its host.
You can get infected with otodecosis from a sick animal. And this does not mean that a dog can only get infected from another dog. Oddly enough, but most often the tick is transmitted to dogs from cats, in which this disease occurs much more often.
If a dog is sick with this disease and was not treated before mating, then with a probability of 100% the puppies will also have an ear mite.
And although otodecosis can appear in dogs at any age, it is still more common in babies or growing dogs. This is due to the fact that the puppies have not yet developed immunity.
If ear scabies is not promptly cured, then it can subsequently cause serious complications with the pet’s health, such as: inflammation of the middle ear, tearing of the eardrum, inflammation of the meninges (meningitis), labyrinthitis, arachnoiditis. These complications can not only cause complete loss and hearing, they can also lead to death of the animal.
First of all, you need to contact your veterinarian, if you really care about your pet, then you should not self-medicate. An experienced specialist will conduct the necessary studies, take tests, check the ear with an otoscope and only then confirm or refute your concerns about otodectic mange.
The treatment for ear scabies itself usually starts with brushing your dog’s ears.
The veterinarian may then prescribe ear drops and injections (in advanced cases). For treatment, drugs such as Tera-Delta, Otovedin, Mastiet-forte, Otibiovin and Aurikan are used. But, remember that in no case should you prescribe these drugs yourself, since they are chemical products, and you simply cannot find the exact dosage and only harm the health of your dog.!
Ear scabies is a very contagious disease, so if any other pets live in your house, then they also need to be examined and, if the disease is not detected, then preventive treatment should be carried out.
How to properly bury ear drops for a dog?
Before starting the procedure, clean your pet’s ears, otherwise the effectiveness of drugs may be significantly reduced. The main thing is to do everything slowly, carefully and without frightening your dog.
- Open the vial of medication drops.
- Gently take your dog’s head with one hand, you can also hold the tip of your dog’s ear, take drops in the other hand. Try to keep your dog still, but do not squeeze it too hard or it will cause more ear pain. But be prepared for the fact that she may twitch during the ingress of drops into the ear.
- Bury your pet’s ear.
- Gently massage the base of the ear to distribute the medication evenly over the entire surface of the ear canal.
Preventing ear mite infestations in dogs
In order to prevent your pet from contracting ear scabies, you must follow simple rules:
-regularly inspect your dog’s ears, clean them in a timely manner with cotton swabs;