It is she who is recommended for cleaning household-type laminate, since material up to class 33 is quite sensitive to moisture, it is better to just sweep or vacuum it
In today’s variety of offers, it is important to know which products can be used and which cannot be used when working with laminated flooring, how to ensure proper care of the laminate at home.
How to remove damage
Since a less wear-resistant laminate is used at home in comparison with commercial type of coatings, deep and shallow scratches and chips naturally occur. In this case, cosmetic repairs are possible.
For scuffs and light scratches, use flannel cloths slightly moistened with vegetable oil; this method polishes well. Ordinary erasers are also effective.
2. Shallow scratches are painted over with a wax pencil. Traces from them can also be hidden with varnish to restore the appearance.
3. But for chips or deep scratches, special pastes and putty are used. Acrylic putty dries for about a day, after which it is sanded and varnished.
How to properly wash laminate flooring
Can laminate flooring be washed with water? As already mentioned, it is better to use water for household surfaces no more than once a week. When washing, certain nuances are taken into account.
You need to find the right tool; it can be a washing vacuum cleaner with a soft attachment (only in the case of class 32, 33), a steam cleaner, a soft mop (slightly damp), a set of special napkins (dry and wet).
The best way is to clean with plain water; it is suitable if the surface is free from dirt and stubborn stains. There is only one condition. the water must be warm (40-50 ° C) and clean. As soon as it becomes cloudy, the water must be changed immediately: in this case, the laminate will retain a pleasant appearance and shine.
Choose specially designed cleaning agents, with them you can remove even complex dirt (grease, glue, traces of a felt-tip pen, etc.).
For stubborn stains that cannot be removed with conventional means, you can use an acetone solution: apply it on the stain for a few minutes, remembering to remove the solvent and dirt afterwards. Other solvents such as white spirit can also be used.
To effectively clean the flooring, these techniques are used:
- in addition to acetone, you can use ordinary liquid soap against greasy stains;
- colored stains from juice, wine, coffee are removed with a solution of neutral detergents;
- to remove the chewing gum or wax, ice is applied to them. Hardened dirt can be gently removed with a special scraper.
Home remedies can also be used to clean laminate flooring.
1. Using baby shampoo is safe. To do this, add 5 tbsp. spoons in a bucket of warm water, mix and wipe the floors with this solution.
2. Applying vinegar is also possible to cleanse light dirt. Wipe the laminate with a glass of vinegar mixed with 4 glasses of warm water.
3. Vinegar and lemon juice can be used to polish the glossy surface. You need to mix 1.5 cups of vinegar with a glass of lemon juice and 2 cups of warm water, then add 2-3 drops of dish soap to the solution. Wipe the laminate with the resulting foam. This product effectively cleans and polishes the floor.
7 tips on how to extend the “life” of the floor
As it becomes clear, laminate flooring can be called quite “capricious” and sensitive. Naturally, everyone thinks that the floor will serve as long and better as possible. We’ve put together important tips for you to help you figure out how to care for your laminate flooring. Observing these rules, it is really possible to keep the laminate beautiful and pleasing to the eye.
Do not walk on the laminate in high heels, with hard heels or spikes; it is better to use soft indoor shoes or do without them.
2. In those places that are actively used on a daily basis, it is recommended to stick special pads or lay rugs (on the threshold at the front door, in the nursery, near the sofa in the living room, by the bed, etc.).
3. Keep it clean, do not put, do not roll heavy things, if liquid gets in, wipe it off quickly.
Once a couple of days practice dry cleaning, once a week. a full-fledged wet cleaning.
5. When cleaning, use only soft brushes and neutral cleaning agents. It is unacceptable to use metal brushes.
6. Use special pads and stands for furniture and VAZ with flowers.
7. Repair chips and scratches in time to prevent further deterioration of the coating.
Now, knowing about the features of the laminate and its cleaning, you can be “fully armed” to preserve the beauty and useful qualities of your floor!
7 important rules for caring for your laminate at home
Laminate is a coating that qualitatively imitates wood, stone, tiled floors, etc. Among the advantages of this coating is resistance to damage and moisture. Wear resistance is different and depends on the product class.
There are household and commercial types. The first includes floor coverings of classes 21-23, the second type. surfaces of 32 and 33 classes, which are much more durable.
The structure of the laminated coating consists of several layers, including a protective one. Wear resistance differs in terms of AC, where:
- AC3 is designed for home use and cannot withstand heavy loads;
- AC6 has the highest strength, the most expensive, is used for gyms, car repair shops, etc.
Ferret Care 2018. How to Care For Pet Ferrets
Despite this, laminate flooring needs to be cared for in order to maintain its attractive appearance and high level of protective properties, so this article provides tips for caring for this coating.
How to care for a cypress tree? In order for the tree to feel good at home, it needs to create conditions that maximally repeat the conditions of places of natural growth. Although wild cypress trees tend to grow in open, sunny areas, direct sunlight can harm small house trees. Therefore, it is best to spot them in a well-lit place, but without direct sunlight.
For the correct formation of a plant, the temperature regime is of great importance. In summer, during the period of intensive growth, the optimum temperature for these plants is 25 ° C. In winter, in order for the plant to rest and be compact, it must be kept at a temperature not exceeding 10 ° C while maintaining intense illumination. If there is not enough light, and the temperature is higher, the plant will stretch out and lose its attractive shape.
Since cypresses naturally grow only in places with high humidity, their domestic counterparts need to create and maintain a fairly high humidity of the air and soil. Cypress trees do not tolerate drying out. In this case, their leaves turn yellow and fall off, and ugly bald spots form in the dense crown, which afterwards will be very difficult to restore. Therefore, you need to water the plant often, but not excessively. Stagnant water can kill the plant, so there must be good drainage in the cypress pot. For irrigation, soft water at room temperature is suitable. In winter, instead of watering, some growers advise putting pieces of ice in a cypress pot. This will provide the desired temperature and sufficient soil moisture. However, home cypresses will not tolerate freezing temperatures. Due to the small volume of soil in the pot, the earth, along with the root system, will freeze through and the plant will die.
In summer, the tree should be sprayed with warm water every day. This is especially important if the air temperature rises above 25 ° C. A tender young plant can dry out in dry air in one day. If possible, cypress can be taken out into the garden, but not in direct sun. In the fresh air, the plant will develop more luxuriantly.
Transplant and feeding
Fertilizers and mineral fertilizing are limited, otherwise the tree will grow too quickly. Conventional liquid fertilizers for indoor plants are diluted 2 times before feeding. The procedure for these trees is needed 2 times a month only in warm weather, that is, during a period of intensive growth. You should not use fertilizers with high nitrogen content. Some growers believe that for cypress trees, only special liquid dressings for conifers are enough.
It is quite difficult to propagate cypress at home. There are 2 possible ways: by seeds and cuttings.
Woody apical branches are suitable for grafting. They are carefully cut. The cut site is treated with charcoal, and the cuttings are placed in a solution of a strong growth stimulant (for example, Epin) for a day. After a day, the bases of the cuttings are washed with running water. Then the cuttings are planted in a well-moistened soil and covered with a glass container or polyethylene to create greenhouse conditions. For airing, they are opened daily for a few minutes. Full rooting occurs within 2-3 months. The survival rate of cuttings is not very high.
Indoor cypress: growing and care at home
Indoor cypress, home care for which is not very difficult, has become a very popular plant today. It has a decorative appearance, which determines the choice in its favor for the maintenance of the house.
Mainly 2 types of cypress are used for cultivation: evergreen cypress (C. semperverens) and Kashmir cypress (C. cachmeriana). In nature, these small trees are found in humid subtropical regions. They often grow along the banks of water bodies. Under natural conditions, these types of cypress trees grow up to 4 m in height and have a pyramidal or narrow rhombic crown shape. Leaves in the form of dark green or bluish-green scales cover vertically directed branches that are tightly attached to the lignified trunk. All parts of the plant contain essential oils with phytoncidal properties, due to which the plant exudes a characteristic coniferous smell and cleans the air of pathogens.
Breeders have bred more than 200 varieties of cypress trees, very similar to cypress trees, which can be grown indoors. The most suitable for these purposes are the thuose cypress and pea cypress, the care of which is no different from the care of a house tree. These plants are very similar to the home cypress, but are smaller and more unpretentious. Cypress trees have flatter twigs and small cones up to 1 cm in diameter.The needles of different varieties can be silver-blue, golden or bluish-green.
General care tips
To create an unusual shape or just a neat crown, the tree is pruned annually. Extra branches cannot be cut partially or half. They are removed only completely. Dried twigs are also cut off.
To reduce the growth rate during transplantation, root pruning is carried out. If it is desirable to have a very small tree, the transplant can be carried out every 3-4 years. If the cypress tree grows on a windowsill, it must be turned 180º once a week to keep the crown upright.
These plants do not like drafts very much. Therefore, even in the garden, it is advisable to place them in places protected from the winds. In winter, cypresses should not be placed next to heating devices. High temperatures and dry air can lead to yellowing and drying of the plant. If yellow twigs begin to appear on the tree, increase the intensity of watering and spray the crown with water more often.
To minimize the likelihood of plant disease and damage to it by various pests, it is necessary to follow the rules for caring for cypress at home, ensure the temperature and light conditions, and maintain high humidity. Fresh air and timely mineral and organic fertilizing will give strength to this graceful evergreen tree.
Although cypress cannot be classified as an unpretentious houseplant, the time and effort spent on growing it is well worth it. It is quite possible to decorate a room Christmas tree for the New Year. And the rest of the time this tree will delight you with fresh greens and a pleasant fragrant aroma.
Keeping in good shape
Ferrets. extremely active creatures who love to explore and play with each other. They require much more care than other caged animals, as they require daily training, but at the same time, they cannot be left completely unattended. An abundance of toys in a cage and other interesting items. all this is very important for your pets to keep them active and cheerful.
You should also provide your ferrets with a daily running need, any safe enclosed area where your ferrets can be released to run, explore and play will do. Ferrets love to play with each other and with people, so you can take a small ball and they will play with it, just like dogs. Ferrets can also be trained to walk on a leash. They are very intelligent and active creatures, although watching their games can be quite tiring, but it is always funny.!
How many ferrets should be kept?
While ferrets can live alone, it is far from ideal for them, and you will need to spend a lot of time with them to prevent them from developing boredom and blues. A good option. these are two ferrets, a female and a male, you can get more, 3 or 4, since ferrets are very sociable and social creatures, but then they will need, respectively, more space for life.
Ferrets. are predators by nature and love to nibble on pieces of raw meat. For everyday nutrition, quality food specially formulated for ferrets is perfect. Ferrets should not be given sweets or other similar treats, as this often leads to tooth decay and behavior problems. Also remember that they need access to fresh water at all times.
The ferret‘s dwelling must be strong and safe, as they are true escape virtuosos. The best option for a ferret cage is at least a three-story structure made of safe, durable materials that won’t get stuck in their paws. Ferrets need a fairly high dwelling, therefore, as a minimum housing, an upright vertical cage with a height of at least 1.2 meters and an area of about 2 square meters is required. The water bottle can be attached to the grate next to the feeder. A place for rest or nesting can be made in the form of a cozy box, which must be lined with warm material.
Ferrets love clean and fresh air and should sometimes be housed outdoors, under a canopy or roof. Keep this in mind if you don’t have enough space inside your home. Ferrets are also known for their characteristic musky smell, especially males. It can be significantly reduced by sterilization (more on this later), but it cannot be completely removed, so keep this in mind if you are considering placing ferrets inside the house.
and caring for ferrets at home
Ferrets. they are interesting, cute, funny and friendly animals. Ferrets are more demanding of living conditions than most other pets, but if you are willing to put in the effort and fulfill all the obligations, you will be richly rewarded with these loving and lovable pets.
For many years, ferrets were kept as working animals to hunt wild rabbits and other pests, while modern domestic ferrets are descended from hybrids between ferrets and minks. Many generations of domestication have turned the ferret into an adorable and friendly pet that gives a lot to its owner if he takes care of him.
Ferrets come in a wide variety of colors and colors, such as albino, sable, cinnamon, chocolate. Their coat color can vary significantly from season to season, just like wild ferrets.
Mating games for ferrets begin in the spring and continue until mating. If the mating season is prolonged and mating does not occur, female ferrets can enter a condition called “aplastic anemia”, which can be very painful or even fatal. Therefore, if you are keeping a female ferret and do not intend to breed her, it is highly recommended to sterilize her, which will protect her from any such problems.
Male ferrets are usually castrated, but vasectomies are also performed. Castration serves many purposes, such as reducing musky odor, making males much calmer and easier to train. Vasectomized males retain their characteristic odor and all other characteristics. The main reason why males undergo vasectomy is because they can easily play mating games with non-neutered females and mate with them without the possibility of conception.
Education and upbringing
Ferrets, like any predator, must be properly educated and trained in order to be able to contact people safely and with pleasure. They have large teeth, so they can bite deeply and strongly. This does not mean that they are naturally evil, however, like all intelligent animals, they demand respect. Ferrets can also get a little moody during the mating season. Any contact of children with ferrets should be supervised, and the children themselves should know the correct and safe methods of contact with pets.
If you are thinking of acquiring small or immature ferrets, make sure they are the offspring of domesticated ferrets, and in case you are going to have a mature ferret, it must be properly trained and completely healthy.
Ferrets can live up to ten years of age, but require constant attention and daily grooming. Endlessly playing with each other, they can be an amazing company for the owner and an inexhaustible source of energy. However, they are also easy to get into blues and require a lot of stimulation, so before buying ferrets, make sure you have enough time to provide them with the attention and cheerfulness of their entire lives.
African Achatina snails. overland, care and at home do not require increased hassle. They are considered ideal domesticated pets by many aquarists. Achatina do not smell, do not bite, do not cause allergies, do not require communication and walking, even on vacation or a business trip you can not worry about them. a snail will easily live alone for a week or two.
How to feed small Achatina snails?
Competent African Achatina snails also means full-fledged feeding of young animals. How to feed small snails properly:
- The first few days after birth, they have enough of a few lettuce leaves, abundantly sprinkled with eggshells or chalk.
- After a week, you need to add chopped greens, grated vegetables, calcium and grain mixtures, ground in a coffee grinder to the kids’ diet.
- They need minerals to grow and form a beautiful and strong shell. Vegetable protein will help healthy shellfish form faster.
- From the second week of life, animal protein can be added to the menu.
- From one month of age, grated fruits and vegetables are replaced with sticks.
How to feed Achatina in winter?
Little Achatina. care
The basic principles of caring for small Achatina:
- A food container for 8-10 liters can become a temporary dwelling for newborn snails, they do not need a spacious dwelling.
- There must be holes in the lid of the container so that air gets inside.
- For the first few months, it is best to place a thermometer and hygrometer in the container. The optimum temperature for keeping small Achatina is 25-27 ° C, humidity. 65-70%.
- An incandescent lamp will help maintain the desired temperature, and a spray bottle will help maintain the desired temperature.
- For small Achatina, the foliage of cabbage and lettuce serves as soil. If they live in a terrarium with a substrate, then preference should be given to flower soil, coconut flakes. Moss, sand, sawdust and stones are prohibited.
- It is better to put the container with babies on a shelf or bookshelf, and not on a window.
Temperature for keeping Achatina snails
African Achatina, when caring for and keeping at home, will feel comfortable at a temperature of 20-30 ° C and a humidity of 80-95%. These conditions are close to their natural environment. Clam activity depends on sunlight, humidity and ambient temperature. They go out for walks mainly at night or during the rainy season. If the gastropods climb up the walls, it means that there is high humidity in their house, they hide in the ground. it is very dry. The container must not be installed in direct sunlight and near heating devices.
What can you feed Achatina snails?
When caring for African Achatina snails at home, it is important to feed them correctly and in a timely manner so that the mollusk grows healthy and does not get sick. Their diet should consist of plant foods, mineral supplements and animal protein. Achatina. proper nutrition and care:
- The basis of the diet: lettuce, dandelion, plantain leaves; various greens; shoots of vegetables and grains.
- Vegetables: cucumbers, spinach, pumpkin, carrots, zucchini, tomatoes, peas.
- Fruits and berries: apples, pears, watermelons, melons, bananas, apricots, plums, strawberries, raspberries, cherries.
- Proteins: meat puree, fish food, meat and bone meal, boiled egg.
- Mineral feeding: feed chalk, eggshells, small shrimps, special mixtures for reptiles, sepia.
There are a number of foods that are prohibited from being given to snails. Salt is a mortal danger for them. It is necessary to ensure that in pure form and in large quantities it does not get into their diet. It is forbidden to give spices to gastropods, sweet, smoked, spicy or sour foods, fried foods. Pasta, raw potatoes and citrus fruits should also be discarded, the latter do not have a very good effect on the shell of pets.
Caring for Achatina at home
In addition to maintaining optimal temperature and humidity, the unpretentious domestic Achatina snails, when leaving, require cleaning the aquarium, balanced feeding, and care during the breeding period of mollusks. Close attention should be paid to the pet’s shell. it is his protection from diseases and external damage. When caring for Achatina snails at home, you can arrange water procedures for them:
- Place a bath with cold water in the terrarium, there should not be a lot of liquid in it in depth.
- Occasionally give your pets a warm shower, holding them in your hand over the sink for about 3 minutes.
Caring for Achatina snails at home. cleaning the terrarium:
- The container is cleaned 2-3 times every 3 months.
- Cleaning includes a complete washing and replacement of the substrate.
- If the walls of the aquarium are covered with mucus (it is left by crawling gastropods) or an unpleasant odor is heard from it, an unscheduled cleaning is necessary.
Is it possible to walk a hamster on the street
With the best of intentions, some owners are keen to give their pet a time in nature. But a domestic hamster from such a walk will not get pleasure, but the strongest stress. Not many people think that a pet can become seriously ill.
In nature, the animal is trapped by predators: dogs, cats, rats, crows. A nimble kid can easily run away and get lost forever. The outdoor environment is more aggressive and unstable: the hamster can get overcooled, especially if the grass is wet, or overheat in the sun. Land and grass are often infested with parasites and are source of infection due to wild rodents.
How to care for hamsters: daily grooming
The hamster is fed 1-2 times a day, usually in the evening. The basis of the diet is dry food, but it is very important that the pet also receives juicy and protein foods. You should carefully study the list of prohibited and allowed foods, otherwise the animal may get a digestive upset or even die.
Children are often entrusted with taking care of hamsters: it is very interesting to observe them during a meal. Small pieces of vegetables, fruits can be prepared in advance.
The pet is provided with fresh drinking water. Even in a closed drinking bowl, it is recommended to change the water every day.
Hamster care and at home
Hamsters have become famous as the most unpretentious pets. This is not entirely true: rodents require a responsible attitude. Knowing in advance how to care for a hamster at home will prolong the life of the animal, and the owner will avoid disappointment and discontent due to disappointed expectations. In our age of accessible information, it is enough to use the Internet to read everything about hamsters.
Caring for hamsters at home begins with the acquisition and arrangement of a cage with all the necessary equipment. But the organization of a hamster’s life does not end there. An animal in a confined space is completely dependent on the owner. Care must be taken to maintain a comfortable indoor temperature all year round.
It does not matter at what temperature hamsters live in nature, at home it should be 20-24 C.
The cage is protected from sunlight, and in hot climates it is recommended to equip the room with air conditioning. The hamster’s cage should not be close to the heater.
The air should be fresh and clean, without strong odors and smoke. When ventilating the room, beware of creating drafts.
Rodents do not tolerate noise well, so they do not turn on the TV, music or loud household appliances near the cage.
The hamster cannot be woken up during the day, it is good if there is a house in the cage so that the pet can hide. It should be explained to children how to properly care for a nocturnal animal, and prepare to endure noise at night.
Many are interested in how to care for hamsters so that there is no unpleasant odor from the cage. To keep your pet healthy and not too “fragrant” it is very important to keep it clean. Every day, remove the remnants of food that can go bad. rotting fruits or stale meat are dangerous for the owner of the pantry.
The bottom of the cage should be generously covered with filler. Sawdust used to be used, but now the most popular are corn and cellulose fillers. The litter not only absorbs urine, but also allows the animal to dig, make hiding places.
It is necessary to clean up after the hamster daily, removing the soaked filler and adding fresh instead. The animals are clean and most often relieve themselves in the same place (“toilet corner”). A general cleaning with a complete replacement of the filler and washing the cage is not required so often: 3-4 times a month. Excessive zeal in this matter will lead to a nervous breakdown in a hamster.
Hamsters are far from the most contact rodents, since in nature they live strictly alone. At home, the hamster should also be solitary, if there are several animals, then there should be several cages. Such a pet also does not seek to communicate with the owner, so you will have to spend a lot of time taming an independent rodent.
There are certain rules of communication, if they are not followed, the hamster will show fright and aggression, annoying the owner. In the first days after buying the animal, it is better not to disturb it at all, no matter how much you want to cuddle a fluffy ball. For about a week he will get used to the new house, and at the same time to the voice and smell of the owner. At this stage, it is recommended to pronounce the pet’s nickname while feeding.
Domestic hamsters differ little in temperament from wild fellows, they must be patiently taught to hand, so that communication brings joy to both the owner and the pet. With hamsters, the main remedy is food reinforcement. you need to teach your baby to take a treat from the palm of your hand. Gradually, the rodent will get used to the hand, then it can be pulled out of the cage. Handle the animal with care. the tiny animal can be injured if it jumps out of the hands or is squeezed too tightly. It is safest to wrap your palms around it, forming a “house”.
- wake up the animal;
- take from above, from the back (association with a predator attack);
- make sudden movements (even in the event of a bite, you need to remain calm).
Caring for your hamster should include daily companionship. If you do not take the pet in your arms for a long time, a “rollback” will occur, and taming will have to start over. Contact should occur at the moment the animal is active (in the evening).
Keeping hamsters in tiny cages or a three-liter jar is cruel to the animal, which in nature runs several kilometers every day. It is not for nothing that their home is equipped with a running wheel. Caring for hamsters can be about keeping them entertained. Owners equip entire playgrounds, mazes and tunnels for curious rodents.
Despite the need for movement and variety, you can only let your pet out for a walk around the apartment in a walking ball. Otherwise, the hamster at home is in mortal danger. it can get stuck, be crushed / pinched by the door, fall, fall into a saucepan, eat a poisonous plant, gnaw through a wire under electricity. It can be very difficult to catch a pet.
You cannot organize a walk on high surfaces (table, sofa). All hamsters come from the plains steppes, they do not understand and are not afraid of heights. There is a great risk that the pet will fall.
Laurel care at home
Ferret care at home
The laurel plant (Laurus) is a member of the Laurel family. This genus unites only two species. They are found naturally in the Mediterranean region and the Canary Islands. There are about 40 species of laurel in today’s taxonomy in English.
In the spring and summer, the bush should be watered abundantly using soft water. The soil mixture in the pot is moistened immediately after its top layer dries. If the room is too hot, then watering can be done twice a day. With the onset of autumn, watering is reduced, and in the winter months it is carried out only when two or three days have passed since the top layer of the substrate dries.
In the warm season, the following air temperature is recommended for the laurel. from 20 to 26 degrees. With the onset of autumn weeks, the temperature in the room is gradually reduced. And in winter, in order for the plant to suffer as little as possible, the temperature in the room should be from 12 to 15 degrees.
Brief description of cultivation
- Bloom. Laurel is grown as an ornamental deciduous plant.
- Illumination. Needs a lot of bright light.
- Temperature conditions. During the spring-summer period. from 20 to 26 degrees, and in the fall. from 12 to 15 degrees.
- Watering. During the growing season it is necessary to water abundantly and systematically, do this immediately after drying the top layer of the soil mixture in the pot. On hot days, watering is carried out twice a day. With the onset of autumn, watering is reduced, while in winter it should be rare and scarce, but it is impossible to allow the clod of earth in a pot to dry out.
- Air humidity. It should be elevated. In the heat, the bush is systematically moistened from a spray bottle, and wet expanded clay is poured into the pallet.
- Fertilizer. During the growing season, feeding is carried out every 4 weeks, using a mineral complex fertilizer for this. In winter, fertilizer is not applied to the soil mixture.
- Rest period. Observed in October-March.
- Transfer. Young bushes are transplanted once every couple of years, and adults. 1 time in 3 or 4 years.
- Soil mixture. It should include sand, peat, turf, humus and leafy soil (1: 1: 1: 2: 2).
- Pruning. Cut the bush in mid-August.
- Reproduction. By cuttings and seed method.
- Harmful insects. Scabbards, spider mites and mealybugs.
- Diseases. Sooty mushroom.
- Properties. Laurel has medicinal properties, and is also widely used as a spice.
Features of laurel
Laurel is an evergreen tree or shrub. Simple sheet plates, leathery to the touch, have a solid, slightly wavy edge. During flowering, axillary umbellate inflorescences are formed. If young bushes are well cared for, then they will grow and develop normally in the heat with low air humidity. However, it is highly undesirable to grow an adult plant in such conditions.
Laurel needs a lot of bright light, while the direct rays of the sun do no harm to it. In this regard, it is recommended to grow it on a south-facing window. If possible, in the warm season, the bush can be taken outside. Despite the fact that it perfectly tolerates the direct rays of the sun, a newly purchased plant, or after wintering, must be accustomed to bright light gradually, otherwise sunburn may appear on the surface of the foliage. In winter, the bush is transferred to a cool, but well-lit place.
Such a plant needs to provide increased air humidity. Therefore, it is necessary to spray it relatively often from a sprayer, and for this they use cool water. During the flowering period, spraying the bush should be done with great care, because if moisture gets on the surface of delicate flowers, they can begin to darken. Also, to increase the humidity around the plant, it is recommended to put several open containers filled with water. In the summertime, if desired, the azalea can be transferred to fresh air, for example, place it in the garden. In winter, when the heating season begins, maximum attention must be paid to the level of air humidity.
Features of azalea
Azalea is a dwarf flowering plant that is branched and evergreen. It comes from China and Japan, but in nature this plant can be found even in North America and in southern Europe. This indoor flower belongs to the genus of rhododendrons. From the Greek language “rhodon” is translated as “rose”, and “dendron”. “tree”. Therefore, rhododendron can be translated as “rosewood”. Translated from the ancient Greek language “azalea” means “dry”. The name of this plant is associated with its appearance, it is a small dry shrub.
Azalea appeared on the territory of Russia only at the beginning of the twentieth century, and at first it was grown only in greenhouses or botanical gardens. In natural conditions, there are about 350 species of this plant. However, only two of them are grown at home, and Indian azalea is the most popular. This species is an evergreen shrub, the height of which does not exceed half a meter. Short-petiolate small leaf plates of a dark green color, their length is not more than 35 millimeters. There are pale red hairs on the surface of the leaves. Flowering is observed in winter, with flowers reaching 30-50 millimeters across. Japanese azalea is also an evergreen shrub, its height can vary from 0.3 to 0.5 meters. Its glossy leaf plates are very small. This species differs from the previous species in the size of the flowers, they are much smaller. This species can be grown in the garden.
The bloom of indoor azalea is distinguished by its splendor. She begins to bloom at the age of 3 or 4 years. Most often, her flowers are painted in a deep pink color, but they can be bright red, lilac, snow-white, purple, and there are also two-color ones. In flowers, petals are weakly double, double and even. Dark green leaf plates are relatively small.
If you are buying a lush blooming azalea bush, then in this case it is recommended to choose one that has many unopened buds. The fact is that such a flower adapts to new conditions much faster, and its flowering will be long, lush and spectacular. Another purchased copy must be thoroughly examined, while trying to identify signs of disease or the presence of pests, if any. Tilt the bush slightly, if you see dried leaves, this may mean that the flower is sick or has been improperly looked after.
After the flower is purchased, he needs to find the most suitable place in the house. This plant is photophilous, but it needs protection from the scorching direct rays of the sun. In this regard, for its cultivation, an east-facing window sill should be chosen; a window located on the north or west side is also suitable. It is also important to consider that the lighting must be necessarily diffused, but the azalea feels quite well in partial shade. In October and November, when the plant is forming buds, it will need a lot of light. Good lighting can be achieved by illuminating the flower with fluorescent lamps.
Azalea is one of the most beautiful indoor plants because it blooms very profusely. However, flower growers often complain that after a short time after acquiring such a flower, it dies. The fact is that azalea is a rather capricious plant. In order to prevent the flower from drying out and discarding its foliage, it is necessary to try to create the most suitable conditions for growing such a crop. Only if you provide azaleas with proper care, it will bloom very effectively and magnificently.
The correct temperature regime is also very important when growing crops such as azalea. This home-grown flower is not a thermophilic one. The optimum temperature for growing it is from 15 to 18 degrees. During the formation of buds, he will need a lower temperature. 10-12 degrees. If the correct temperature regime is maintained when growing azaleas, then the flowering will be lush, spectacular and long-lasting. In summer, it is especially difficult to maintain the required temperature. Experienced flower growers recommend moving it to the balcony at this time, but it should not be located on the south side. If the room has an air conditioner, then you need to try to make sure that the air temperature in it is no more than 20 degrees.
Azalea care at home
If the azalea grown at home is properly cared for, it will bloom very abundantly, beautifully and for a long time.
How to water
Proper watering is also very important when growing indoor azaleas. It has a strong effect on both the growth and vegetation of such a shrub. It is distinguished by a special demand for watering, and in order to avoid the death of the bush, you must clearly follow the following rules:
- it is necessary to water the plant systematically, while watering should be very abundant during the flowering period;
- in no case should the earthen lump in the pot dry out, if this happened, then the plant, along with the pot, must be immersed in a container filled with slightly lukewarm water for 2 hours, during which time the required amount of moisture will be absorbed into the soil;
- the substrate should be slightly damp all the time;
- excessive wetting of the substrate must also be excluded;
- it is imperative to pour out the drained water from the pallet, otherwise rhizome decay may occur;
- if tap water is used for irrigation, then it is necessary that it settle for at least 2 days, during which time the chlorine evaporates and cannot harm the shrub;
- it is best to water the azalea with melt water, which should be cool;
- to make the flowering more abundant, the bush needs to be watered once every 2 weeks (not more often) with a mixture consisting of settled water and 2 or 3 drops of lemon juice.
It is recommended to renew the soil at Saintpaulia every 3 years. In fact, I will replant most of my violets in a year, while removing all the old, exhausted and diseased violet leaves, refreshing in the shower and changing the old substrate to a new one, and leaving the pot the same.
Reproduction of violets
Violets reproduce well by cuttings. over, I planted some cuttings directly in the ground, without first growing the roots. These Saintpaulias were well received and grew rapidly.
Leaves with young roots must be planted with great care so that these delicate roots are not damaged. The stalk is planted in a mixture for Saintpaulias at an angle of 45 degrees and covered with a transparent cap so that it is kept in greenhouse conditions until new leaves appear. Read about breeding violets by dividing a bush.
Even the largest domestic violets look like small plants, and even if in some large species the aerial part (leaves, flowers) is lush and stately, the root system still takes up little space in the pot for all violets. Therefore, a large pot of Saintpaulia is not needed: in a spacious flowerpot it will grow for a long time and will not bloom soon.
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But too small a container will not allow the plant to fully develop. So the diameter of the pot for young outlets and children should be 5-6 cm.An adult flower will need a flowerpot with a diameter of 10-12 cm.
In addition, the size of the flowerpot depends on the type of violet. And they are in size subminiature (outlet less than 7cm), miniature (less than 20cm) and large (more than 40cm). Experienced lovers of violets use this rule: the diameter of the pot should be 3 times less than the diameter of the flower rosette itself.
Violets are tender and thermophilic plants. Caring for a violet at home means having enough light. If you do not have well-lit places in your house, it is better not to plant violet flowers, since the growth and flowering of Saintpaulias depends on the amount and quality of lighting.
If you have many windows, choose a location in your home that has the most diffused soft light. Violets should be placed on the southern window sill with caution, since they do not like direct sunlight, so on the southern window sill you need to shade them: cover the window with curtains to the height of the flowers.
If you spend a lot of time in the kitchen, you can place flowerpots with saintpaulias in the same place. Firstly, you will feel comfortable from their presence, and secondly, violets like high humidity and good light in the kitchen.
If your home violets don’t have enough light, they may look pale and sluggish. The leaves will stretch upward, the stalk will lengthen, which means that the harmonious shape of the rosette will be disturbed.
In winter, violets in the evening would be nice to illuminate the flowers with fluorescent lamps, because for violets daylight hours should last 13-14 hours.
Violets: care and reproduction
Violets are my mother’s long-standing and, fortunately, mutual love. Why she adored these particular flowers, I could not understand for a long time. I myself love plants with a dense crown, large, bright. And violets. they are small, what is so much in them, I thought.
And then I realized that I did not understand anything. Every year new varieties of violets appeared in our home collection, one more beautiful than the other. I myself did not notice how I got carried away with violets and began to exchange cuttings and leaves with my friends in the hope of growing a species that we did not have yet. From grandmothers selling shoots, I found more and more original varieties in terms of color or shape. But it is simply impossible to collect violets of all existing varieties in a collection.!
A great relief for the collector is that the rules for caring for violets (or saintpaulias) of any species and varieties are almost the same, but they must be adhered to.
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The main reason that prevents many people from planting violets is ignorance of the rules for watering this plant, because Saintpaulias are surprisingly capricious in this matter. They do not like drafts, frequent watering, or excessive drying out.
I water the violet plants 1-2 times a week (depending on the season). I use soft, settled water at room temperature. Some novice lovers of Saintpaulias water them, like other flowers, directly from above into the ground. But this must be done extremely carefully. Moisture should not get either on the violet leaves, nor, even more so, on the flower growth points. Stagnation of water on cuttings or leaves leads to their decay.
I prefer to water violets not into the ground, but pouring water into a DO pan 2/3 of the height of the pot. For flower growers, this is called “bottom watering”. But in no case should you leave water in the pan “in reserve”. Roots should breathe, not float! Therefore, 20-30 minutes after the soil is saturated with moisture, I drain the rest of the water.
Violets should not be sprayed, but like other flowers, they love moist air. Therefore, place a container of clean water next to the flowerpots or put pieces of damp cloth or a wet sponge.
Once a month or two, you can wash the violets under the shower to wash off the dust, but after that you need to dry them very well: let the water drain, blot the remaining drops, make sure that moisture does not remain on the points of flower growth.