home Dogs Fleas in a dog how to relieve itching

Fleas in a dog how to relieve itching

What can cause itching in dogs?

One of the most common provocative factors is food and non-food allergies. Plant pollen, household dust, aggressive household chemicals can provoke itching in a dog.

Food allergy has various manifestations, but in terms of frequency of distribution it is one of the most likely causes. Even if you feed your pet an industrial diet, this does not mean that he is immune from food allergies. The composition of industrial feeds quite often includes components that cause an individual reaction of the dog’s body in the form of itching, upset gastrointestinal tract, conjunctivitis and other diseases.

  • artificial colors and flavors;
  • preservatives;
  • toxic compounds.

The latter are converted in the course of a chemical reaction from substances that are harmless at first glance. For example, the antibiotic oxytetracycline, which is actively used in industrial animal husbandry, after a cycle of reactions becomes a substance that provokes in humans and animals the development of allergies, disorders of the gastrointestinal tract, skin diseases.

Some dog breeds are more prone to food allergic reactions:

  • animals of snow-white color;
  • French and English Bulldogs;
  • boxers;
  • cocker spaniels;
  • dachshunds;
  • german shepherds.

Other likely causes of itching in dogs include:

  • Parasites. Fleas, ticks, eaters and other blood-sucking insects can choose a pet as their owner. The animal is uncomfortable with both their bites and waste products (mainly subcutaneous mites). Bites from mosquitoes, bees and other insects also cause severe itching in the dog, swelling appears, and a severe allergic reaction may develop. Subcutaneous mites cause hair loss. They most often affect thin skin, pierced with blood vessels. usually the head in the ears, and also areas of the body with short hair (elbows, abdomen). Ticks, depending on their type, cause demodicosis or sarcoptic mange.
  • Fungi and bacteria. The animal can be a carrier of various diseases. Most often, itching in dogs is accompanied by ringworm, streptococcosis, pyoderma, staphylococcal infection, dermatophytosis. Some of these diseases are transmitted to humans, therefore, when symptoms appear, it is important to consult a veterinarian in time, who will accurately diagnose and prescribe adequate treatment.
  • Helminthic invasion. Worm infestation is another cause of itching in dogs. Most often, the animal rubs the anus, characteristically “rides” on the floor, pulling up with its front paws.
  • Stress. An animal can react to a move, a long absence of the owner, the appearance of a new pet in this way. In this case, the itching of the dog is quite intense, often not accompanied by other symptoms or supplemented, for example, by diarrhea.

The main symptoms

It is possible to detect itching in dogs, even without observing the animal constantly, by the following signs:

Flea Control and Prevention: How to Detect, Control and Treat Dog/Puppy Fleas

  • minor scratching (skin damage) on different parts of the body. May look like minor scratches, pink or reddened skin;
  • local increase in body temperature (in places of scratching);
  • severe anxiety of the animal;
  • possible hair loss in the areas of combs.

If the itching of the dog has been present for a long time, the affected areas of the skin may thicken, the skin on them flakes and reddens, it may even crack. Depending on the location of the combs, it can be assumed what exactly bothers the pet. If the itching of the dog is caused by parasites, pay attention to exactly where the combs are concentrated:

  • the head, neck and lower third of the back are the habitat of lice;
  • only the lower third of the back. fleas.

If itching in a dog is caused by an allergy, other symptoms may join it:

  • redness of the eyes and watery eyes;
  • otitis media (inflammation of the middle ear);
  • upset gastrointestinal tract.

in Blog, pathology

Itching in dogs

articles:

  • What causes itching in dogs?
  • The main symptoms.
  • Treating an itch in a dog.
  • Prevention. how to prevent the development of the disease in a pet.

Have you noticed that your pet has begun to itch more often? Does the dog not just lightly scratch himself with his paw, but furiously tear his ears or sides? Do you even have crusts and scratches on your skin? All this suggests that the dog has severe itching. To help a pet, you first need to figure out why it appeared.

Treating an itch in a dog

A veterinarian must prescribe a treatment regimen, based on the reason that caused this condition. A special therapeutic diet is designed to alleviate the condition. During illness, it will provide the animal with all the necessary nutrients, cover the need for vitamins and minerals, while not overloading the body. Your pet will be able to throw the main forces on the fight against the disease, and not on the assimilation of the unsuitable feed.

The veterinary diet is based on meat from farmed livestock or fish caught on the high seas. The need for carbohydrates and fiber is covered by vegetables and grains grown without the use of pesticides. Fruits and berries complement the taste and make up for the lack of vitamins, macro- and microelements. Such a diet will help the animal recover without loss, improve the functioning of the gastrointestinal tract, the condition of the skin and coat. It also helps to strengthen the cardiovascular system, joints and muscles. The choice of diet should be based on the age of the pet, the level of activity and its diseases. A veterinarian will also help with this.

June 08, 2018

Prevention. how to prevent the development of the disease

Good immunity and proper nutrition help to cope with diseases. Provide your pet with the appropriate level of activity and take care of quality food. Specially selected veterinary diet that helps during illness, works well after.

In addition to high-quality ingredients, the composition includes unique components. extracts of medicinal plants. Small phyto-capsules contain extracts of papaya, pineapple, aloe vera, oregano, plantain and other plants. After all, medicinal herbs are a real treasure of nature. Extracts of these plants, certain fruits and berries have anti-inflammatory, immunomodulatory, antiseptic effect. Such supplements help to eliminate inflammation, relieve pain, normalize digestion, and calm the pet. The medicinal food will well complement the main treatment regimen, improving the well-being of the animal, providing it with energy for walking with the owner.

Of course, do not forget about the standard preventive measures not only for itching, but also for numerous diseases in dogs:

  • Timely vaccinate against infectious diseases (leptospirosis, plague of carnivores, etc.).
  • Treat the pet from endo- and ectoparasites with special preparations every season according to the recommendations of the veterinarian.
  • Before long walks in the warm season, you can treat the dog from blood-sucking insects. Walking along rivers or in marshy areas is usually accompanied by a large number of mosquitoes and ticks, whose bites not only cause serious inconvenience, but can also lead to infection with dangerous diseases. dirofilariasis, tick-borne encephalitis, and lime borreliosis. Therefore, the use of special products in the form of sprays, drops, collars will significantly increase the comfort of walking and reduce the likelihood of insect bites.
  • Use mild, safe products for skin and coat care. Shampoos and conditioners with aggressive surfactants can cause an allergic reaction, which is manifested by severe itching in dogs, dandruff and irritation of the mucous membranes. Special mild products do not contain chemicals hazardous to health, SLS and SLeS, parabens, synthetic dyes and fragrances, gently cleanse the skin and wool from impurities, do not irritate even sensitive skin, and still do not interfere with animals, which, due to their sensitive sense of smell, are negative are strong fragrances.
  • Restrict an animal’s access to household chemicals, medicines.
  • Protect the dog from contact with stray or obviously sick animals that can carry dangerous viruses and infectious diseases.

How to remove fleas with veterinary remedies?

It is not very difficult to poison the parasites, but it will take calmness and some knowledge. The main condition is to choose the right product. They need to treat the dog and the room where it lives. If fleas are seen on clothes, they will need to be washed and treated with a hot iron. Vacuum on carpets and soft toys.

READ  How to treat a pregnant dog from fleas

If you find parasites in a pregnant dog, you should see a doctor. He will tell you the safest way to get rid of them.

Before buying a product, you need to study the features of each type. Many brands are suitable for the prevention of earthen fleas carried by animals. Grass fleas feed mainly on human blood. Therapy should be comprehensive and immediate. Trying to just relieve itching is pointless, you need to make an effort to eliminate parasites. Consider how to rid your pet of fleas at home.

Eucalyptus

You can use the dry leaves of this fragrant plant. An infusion is prepared from them, for which you will need 1 sl.l. plants pour 1 tbsp. boiling water. You need to insist for 2 hours. This infusion is applied in the morning and in the evening, only twice.

Table: comparative characteristics of flea drops for dogs

Pills

The drugs are effective and easy to use. But they are not popular in the fight against fleas in dogs, because they do not cure, but only reduce the number of parasites.

It is impossible to choose the dosage and remedy on your own, they are prescribed only by a veterinarian.

Due to taking pills, most dogs develop an allergic reaction, individual intolerance.

  • the ability to use without age restrictions;
  • there are no side effects;
  • the tablets are safe to give to dogs from 2 months of age;
  • the pills have a pleasant smell and taste.

When the active substance enters the dog’s body, it is absorbed by the bloodstream, entering into a chemical relationship with plasma proteins.

When a flea bites an animal, the pills act paralytically on the parasite, which leads to its destruction. The effect of drugs on the dog’s body lasts for 3 months.

Preventive measures

Every dog ​​owner should remember a few rules to prevent fleas from infesting his pet:

  • Don’t let your animal go outside without a collar
  • During warmer months (spring and summer) bathe it periodically with anti-flea shampoo.
  • Clean your dog’s sleeping area regularly.

Follow these simple rules, and then you will not have to think about the question:. “What to do if the dog has fleas?” Good luck with treating your pet!

Is there a flea vaccine?

Many owners would like to give their pet a flea vaccine. As such, there is no vaccine against fleece. However, vaccination is often referred to as insecticide injections. The injection acts like drops, but the duration of the effect can be up to six months. The mechanism of action of the vaccination is as follows: when bitten, an insect receives a dose of a toxic substance that causes a violation of the parasite’s NS, and then its death.

The positive aspects of flea injections in dogs include the simplicity of the method. To protect your pet from bloodsuckers, only a single injection is required. In addition, the likelihood of the drug entering the animal’s gastrointestinal tract is completely excluded, which means there is no risk of poisoning. An additional advantage. the product is available in different versions, providing for the treatment of dogs of different ages and colors.

Not all dogs can be given flea shots. It is contraindicated to use injections in puppies younger than 2 months of age, weak pets, allergy sufferers. You cannot vaccinate yourself. this should be done by a veterinarian after a preliminary examination of the dog. Most often used as a counter-flea vaccination: Lufenuron, Eprimek, Ivermectin.

Garlic

Garlic is another effective flea remedy for your dog. A couple of garlic cloves need to be crushed or finely chopped with a knife, pour a glass of water and leave for 8 hours. The infusion is used to wipe the dog’s coat in places where it cannot lick off the drug (head and neck area). Processing should be done very carefully, as garlic is toxic to dogs. Once in the body of an animal, it can lead to poisoning and even death.

Having found out the symptoms of parasite infestation in the dog living in the yard, it is necessary to apply any of the above methods. And as a bedding for the animal’s rest, it is better to use pine sawdust or finely chopped twigs. The effect can be enhanced by adding wormwood branches to them. Such a “nuclear” remedy will help get rid of parasites for a long time.

Cleaning up the place

Fleas do not live on dogs, but in a carpet, in a booth, bedding, even behind a baseboard. Outside the animal, fleas can live up to eight months. Therefore, it is necessary to remove fleas from a dog in a complex way, and to process the room. At a minimum, you need to vacuum the pet’s bedding, the corner where the dog most often sleeps. The litter is easier to throw away and replace.

Flea collar

The safest remedy to remove fleas from your dog is at home. Suitable for daily prophylaxis. This is a regular plastic collar that contains insect repellants. Gradually, these agents surround the dog with a protective layer.

How to use: Just put on and do not take off is enough. The collar begins to work gradually. It is important that it is constantly on the dog, otherwise the effect will disappear. The duration is indicated on the package. Read the instructions: each collar has a different concentration of the substance and is suitable for certain dogs.

How to remove fleas from a dog at home

Flea remedies are sold at any veterinary pharmacy. You can remove fleas from your dog yourself if the problem hasn’t gone too far.

How to remove fleas from a dog

Fleas are found in decorative dogs that rarely leave the house. Because of them, the dog may develop allergies, a disease or problems with the coat. In this article we will tell you how to remove fleas from a dog.

How to tell if a dog has fleas

The main symptom is that the dog itches in different places. Precisely in different ones, because if a dog scratches, say, only the ear, it could be a tick or something else. Fleas bite everywhere.

If you pet the dog against the fur, you will notice white and black crumbs. these are flea eggs and excrement.

Flea allergy occurs in every fourth dog. Symptoms: dermatitis, scabs on the skin, hair loss, especially in the abdomen, underarms and groin.

Flea drops

An effective remedy for getting rid of fleas, but it does not take effect immediately. It will take effect in about two days. At this time, you cannot wash the dog, otherwise you will wash off all the product from the dog.

How to use: Flea drops must be applied carefully. The drug is contained in a small tube, its top must be cut off and dropwise applied to the skin from the back of the head to the withers. Spread the coat apart so that the drops hit the skin. Read the instructions carefully: the drops are selected according to the age and weight of the dog. Many drops cannot be used on puppies 3 months old.

Flea spray

This is the fastest way to get rid of fleas from a dog, it takes effect instantly. The protective effect will last for about a month, depending on the manufacturer.

How to use: Spray the dog with the spray evenly. Do not spray your head so as not to get into the eyes and mouth. Spread the wool with your hands so that the product comes into contact with the skin. After the application, the dog needs to be busy with something so that it licks itself. after all, this is chemistry. But don’t be afraid. Each spray has a predetermined amount that your pet can safely swallow. Read the instructions carefully. Some sprays can be used safely on small puppies and kittens, while others cannot.

Where do fleas come from?

Even domestic decorative dogs have fleas. The fact is that parasites live on the ground, in the grass, in entrances and basements, in booths and on carpets. And they jump on dogs to feed. Therefore, it is useless not to let the dog play with other animals. Even the owner can bring fleas home on his clothes. If a flea dog ran down the street, most likely its path will be strewn with parasites.

Even in winter, when there is a strong minus outside, you should be afraid of fleas. The dog will not be able to pick up the parasite on the street in the cold season, but at the entrance. easily. Therefore, sometimes it is necessary to remove fleas even in winter.

Garlic

Garlic is another effective flea remedy for your dog. A couple of garlic cloves need to be crushed or finely chopped with a knife, pour a glass of water and leave for 8 hours. The infusion is used to wipe the dog’s coat in places where it cannot lick off the drug (head and neck area). Processing should be done very carefully, as garlic is toxic to dogs. Once in the body of an animal, it can lead to poisoning and even death.

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Onions have a similar effect. To cure a dog of fleas, you need to make a soapy solution from grated laundry soap mixed with a glass of water. Then chopped onion is added to this mass. The resulting mixture is applied to the dog’s coat and left for 5-10 minutes. Then rinse thoroughly with water. If there is a large accumulation of fleas, the treatment can be repeated.

Spray

A more effective way to deal with bloodsuckers is to use a spray. This is the way to remove fleas from a dog quite easily. In order to carry out disinfection, it is necessary to spray the preparation over the withers of the pet. The whole body can be treated, but given that the dog is able to lick its coat after such a procedure, side effects may occur in the form of malaise, vomiting, frustration, allergic reactions and shortness of breath.

Flea control in dogs is done outdoors or in a well-ventilated area. Rubber gloves are required. Small children should not touch the wool of the sprayed animal during the day. It is also unacceptable for a pet to sleep in the same bed with a person. Especially popular are Frontline, Bars, Harts or Beaphar flea sprays.

Causes and signs of infection

Some argue that a dog that lives in an apartment and occasionally appears on the street cannot become a carrier of fleas. However, this opinion is not true. Bloodsuckers parasitize not only on yard dogs, but can also feel comfortable on humans. It is he who, in this case, is the carrier and is able to bring fleas into the house, on clothes or shoes. Having found a food source, bloodsuckers settle and reproduce fruitfully in the dog’s fur.

During the puncture of the skin, the flea injects saliva into the wound, which causes:

  • Severe itching, accompanied by redness and swelling;
  • Skin and viral diseases;
  • Hair loss;
  • Allergic reactions;
  • Anemia in puppies, which can be fatal.

How to tell if a dog has fleas? It is not difficult to make sure of their presence, the main thing is to carefully look at the behavior of the animal.

  • If your pet is concerned about frequent itching of different parts of the body.
  • Flea bites are visible on the dog in the form of wounds and redness.
  • The animal’s wool is dotted with white grains resembling salt (this is how flea eggs look like), small black blotches (larvae) and remnants of insect activity (excrement).

Fleas in dogs

  • Fleas can be detected in a dog while swimming, when the parasites are in a panic, and they massively jump into the water or get lost in the head area.
  • It is possible to determine the presence of bloodsuckers by eye contact or while combing with a thick comb (parasites remain between the teeth).
  • Drops

    You can remove fleas from a dog at home using drops. It is a parasite killer suitable for large and small breed dogs such as Chihuahuas. Applying drops is much more effective than shampooing your dog.

    The number of drops indicated in the instructions is applied to the withers of the dog, limiting the animal’s ability to lick the drug from its fur. The active substance, penetrating the skin and blood of the pet, kills insects. It is important during this period to protect the dog from taking water procedures. Usually the effect of this remedy lasts for a month, after which the treatment is repeated.
    Not all flea drops are safe, some can cause severe poisoning. Therefore, it is better to consult a veterinarian before purchasing. Most often, dog owners prefer drugs such as:

    How to get rid of fleas from a dog, the most effective flea remedies

    Before you start a dog in the house, you should think not only about its breed, the place to sleep and the necessary food, but also about the means of protection against parasites. Most often, dog fleas. insects that live in wool and feed on its blood. cause discomfort to an animal. Therefore, each owner of a four-footed friend is concerned about the question of how to remove fleas from dogs and prevent their reoccurrence.

    It is important to determine in a timely manner what kind of parasites are bothering the animal and to choose the right means for their destruction. Therefore, it is useful to know what fleas look like in dogs. Some owners, having found translucent gray or yellowish parasites in the dog’s coat, think that these are white fleas. However, these are not fleas at all, but lice or eaters. Their body is flattened in width, and the fleas are flat on the sides.

    The flea is a brown-red blood-sucking parasite up to 4 mm in size. It has a flattened body covered with a shell and long legs with bristles, thanks to which the insect can easily move along the dog’s coat and jump high. It is this ability that causes the infection of other animals. Below is the view of a flea in the photo, as well as a larva and a flea egg.

    Vinegar

    How to remove fleas from dogs with vinegar? It is enough to mix apple cider vinegar with water in a ratio of 1: 3 and treat the hair of a four-legged friend with the resulting product. After an hour, the hair of the animal should be combed out from dead insects, their larvae and eggs.

    Folk remedies

    You can remove fleas from dogs at home using folk remedies. The advantages of this control method are safety, availability and low cost. There are the following folk remedies for fleas for dogs:

    • Herbs;
    • Essential oils;
    • Garlic and onions;
    • Pine branches and sawdust;
    • Lemon;
    • Apple vinegar;
    • Laundry soap.

    Shampoo

    One of the most popular home remedies for parasites is dog shampoo. Most often it is used for bathing puppies, since not every adult dog will allow itself to be bathed. Shampoos Bars and Lugovoy show excellent results.

    Flea shampoos for dogs can be based on insecticides and natural herbs. The first option is more toxic, but at the same time contributes to the quick and high-quality disposal of bloodsuckers. The side effects of such a remedy include: an allergic reaction, increased salivation and vomiting. Therefore, it is very important that no foam gets into the eyes or slimy dogs during bathing. How often you can wash your dog with flea shampoo is indicated in the instructions.

    Natural shampoos are used prophylactically. They have a wound-healing effect, make the coat look healthy and silky. The product must be applied to the dog’s coat, lather thoroughly and leave for 5-6 minutes. Then rinse with running water. When the animal’s coat is dry, you should comb out the remaining dead parasites in it. The maximum effect is achieved when shampoo is used in combination with other antiperspirant products.

    Sebaceous gland hyperfunction

    Some dogs show such a pathology as “greasy tail”. This pathology is more common in cats, but also in dogs. Hyperfunction of the sebaceous glands, located like a rosary on the upper surface of the tail and around its base, leads to clumping of the coat, the formation of black dots on the skin, and the appearance of oily seborrhea. Itching makes the dog bite its tail, “ride” on the bottom, causing severe discomfort. A dog can cause alopecia or severe tail injuries by licking the affected area.

    Treatment consists of treating the coat with special shampoos to regulate the function of the sebaceous glands. Until the cause of the hyperfunction is determined, this is the only method.

    Ectoparasites

    Insects that parasitize animals include not only fleas, but also other arthropods. ticks, lice, lice.

    fleas, relieve, itching

    Having treated a pet from fleas, you cannot be completely sure that you managed to get rid of them. After all, flea eggs and larvae can remain on the dog’s bedding, in the upholstery and carpets. Therefore, you should once again inspect the dog’s coat for eggs and imago fleas.

    If the dog itches, but there are no fleas, it is worth examining the skin for the presence of other insects:

    • ticks: ixodic, gamasic, subcutaneous (demodex), itch, ear, etc.;
    • lice.

    Ixodid tick causes diseases. piroplasmosis, ehrlichiosis, hemobartonillosis, lime borelliasis. Discharge of the salivary glands of mites causes severe itching and scratching in dogs in the neck, ears, and head. There can be an allergic reaction to a tick and flea bite, which leads to rashes and itching. The dog itches all the time, causing damage to itself. How to treat an animal for piroplasmosis can only be prescribed by a veterinarian.

    The gamasid mite parasitizes small animals (mice, rats) and birds (chickens, pigeons). The parasite can migrate to the dog’s torso if there is no familiar host nearby.

    The subcutaneous mite is able to parasitize for a long time on the surface of the epidermis, feeding on horny scales. With a decrease in immunity, the mite is taken deep into the skin, provoking severe itching. The female lays eggs in a hair follicle, which becomes inflamed, forming a characteristic red rash. Demodectic mange is most often noted on the dog’s face. Itching causes scratching and red spots on the nose, mouth, and eyes.

    READ  How to treat a pregnant dog from fleas

    The scabies mite, which is called pruritus due to the symptom accompanying the infection, provokes scabies.

    Itching gets on the dog with prolonged contact of the skin of a healthy and sick animal. The insect is “screwed” under the skin and for this it needs at least half an hour. An already fertilized female infects the animal, which lays eggs in the outer layer of the skin. The larvae that appear actively move, gnawing through the passages, so the dog itches.

    Ear mites parasitize the ears of cats and dogs, feeding on the secretions of the sebaceous glands and sulfur. Temporarily, until it gets into the ear canal, the insect can be on any part of the body, gnawing through passages in the skin to get to the lymph. The affected area begins to itch a lot, so the dog shakes his ears and begins to scratch them vigorously.

    Any of the types of mites has symptoms, both characteristic of a certain type, and common to all, among which itching is the main one. Treatment includes local and systemic drugs. The complex is prescribed only by a veterinarian, self-medication can lead to serious consequences.

    fleas, relieve, itching

    But infection with ticks, lice and fleas can be prevented by treating the dog with one of the medications in the form of a spray (Bars, Bolfo, Frontline, Defendog). Well proven drops.

    It is also recommended to put on a collar for the animal (Kiltiks, Foresto, Celandine).
    Products for dogs

    Skin diseases

    The dog itches a lot and with various skin diseases. The most common are lichen, eczema wet or dry, dermatoses.

    Dermatophytosis is common in puppies, young animals, and immunocompromised dogs. Mycoses cause not only itching, but also hair loss, nodular skin lesions, flaking and yellowing of the nails, peeling and cracking of the pads on the paws.

    The doctor prescribes the treatment of the body with antimycotic agents. shampoos (Nizoral, Dermazole) or Imaverol for dogs. For systemic treatment, the following drugs are used. Orungal (Itraconazole), Lamisil (Terbinafine), Nizoral, Oronazole (Ketoconazole).

    In healthy dogs, dandruff is absent or invisible. Dandruff flakes can form under the influence of various factors that cause dry or oily seborrhea. When the Spitz itches or itching pesters the representatives of other “sofa” breeds, the cause is dry seborrhea. These animals are often bathed, which leads to dysfunction of the sebaceous glands and dry skin. Also, a lack of fat leads to the formation of dry dandruff. If the cause is not a fungal infection or systemic disease, then the doctor prescribes anti-seborrheic shampoos.

    Inflammatory dermatitis often occurs in dogs with large folds of skin. If the pug itches, or chow-chow, bulldog, mastiff scratches his face with his paws, then it is worth checking the folds, in which you can find redness of the skin and increased moisture, swelling and destruction of the epidermis.

    To treat dermatoses, they begin with treatment with antibacterial, disinfectant detergents, and then they are treated with drying preparations. In the case when the process is running, the doctor prescribes antibiotics.

    Allergic reaction to various stimuli

    If the dog is constantly itching, and the examination for fleas and other parasites is negative, you can suspect an allergy, which is caused by the following factors:

    • flea bites;
    • substances that enter the body by air;
    • chemicals from hygiene products;
    • feed or its change;
    • vaccines and vaccinations.

    The body of a person and a dog is very different and, despite the fact that the allergic components are similar and their mechanism of action is the same, the symptoms are different. In dogs, allergies are prolonged by itching and skin abnormalities. Subsequently, in the place of strong scratching, a secondary infection is introduced, which is accompanied by inflammation.

    Fleas cause allergies, which is the body’s reaction to a foreign protein that enters the bloodstream with the secretion of the insect’s salivary glands. Even one flea caught on a dog can cause allergies in an animal that has once suffered from fleas.

    Atopic dermatitis, which doctors estimate affects between 4% and 16% of dogs, causes:

    • pollen of plants;
    • household dust;
    • excrement and particles of the chitinous cover of synanthropic insects;
    • mold fungi;
    • dead particles of the epidermis;
    • bird feathers and down.

    Atopic dermatitis in dogs

    An allergen entering the body stimulates the formation of antibodies, the synthesis of which depends on a genetic predisposition. Skin sensitizing antibodies are formed in the cells and combine into antigen / reagent complexes. It is they and the bioactive substances released during the tissue reaction that lead to rashes, a feeling of “goose bumps” due to involuntary twitching of small muscles, itching.

    The dog often itches, especially in the area of ​​the toes, belly, tail, back. Red patches form under the coat that are easy to spot, especially in short-haired dog breeds.

    Food allergies are caused by proteins (anaphylaxis) or non-protein components of the feed (atopy). It is necessary to distinguish between intolerance to certain products and true allergies, therefore, how to treat a food allergy, can only be decided by a specialist after a differential diagnosis.

    Allergies in dogs are most often caused by foods such as horse meat, beef, milk. The second group of allergenic foods is soy, chicken, lamb. Many premium feeds contain these products. Allergy is accompanied by such severe itching that the dog itches, biting off these places, can completely erase the incisors. At the site of strong licking, hair falls out, leading to complete baldness, discoloration of the coat, pyoderma, coarsening and hyperpigmentation of the epidermis.

    In long-haired dogs, an allergic reaction provokes the development of a severe form of dermatitis. If the Pekingese itches, and on parts of the body, wool sticking together, like from saliva, is noticeable, then wet dermatitis may be the cause. When clipping wool, a very complex picture of pathology becomes visible.

    Allergies can be triggered by the use of medicines. drops for the eyes and ears, vaccines, etc. The manifestations are the same as in other types of allergies. If a dog itches after flea drops, then with a high probability it can be assumed that she is allergic to this remedy.

    Dermatosis, which is accompanied by itching, can be caused by contact with the collar. Puppies often suffer from this form of the disease, as their delicate skin is very sensitive to constant exposure to insecticides. Puppy itches while trying to remove the collar.

    For the treatment of allergic reactions, veterinarians prescribe cortisone and other antihistamines that help relieve skin manifestations and itching (Benadryl, Tavist, Amitriptyline, Atarax).

    Why does a dog itch if there are no fleas: what to do, how and what to treat

    Sometimes, when the owner has treated the animal from fleas in dogs, and they are not, the dog continues to comb the skin and gnaw at itself. There may be several reasons for this. Itching is caused by parasitic insects and can be a symptom of some serious health conditions. Consider why a dog itches if there are no fleas.

    How to Treat Flea Bites on Humans and Pets ~ Home Remedies For Flea Bites on Humans/Dogs Treatment !

    Possible causes of discomfort

    Itching causes discomfort in the dog, it itches and pathogens and fungi can penetrate through the damage. Itching can be caused by:

    • ectoparasites;
    • allergic reaction of various etiologies;
    • skin diseases;
    • hyperfunction of the sebaceous glands;
    • stress;
    • systemic diseases. diseases of the reproductive system, malignant processes in the body, endocrine pathologies.

    The owner of the dog can rarely independently determine the cause of the itching, it is necessary to seek qualified help, since the disease can be caused by several reasons.

    Stress

    In dogs, the nervous system reacts to prolonged exposure to stressful factors in various manifestations, including skin. Short-term factors. a visit to a doctor, injections, a sharp shout, an unpleasant strong smell cause a reaction that disappears when the irritating factor disappears. Prolonged stress can lead to various external manifestations, including increased licking, nibbling of certain parts of the body due to manifestations of allergies or seborrhea.

    Treatment consists in eliminating the stress factor, providing positive emotions, and distraction. Occupational therapy has a good therapeutic effect. For chronic stress, your doctor may prescribe sedatives.

    Whatever caused the itching in the dog, the owner should be careful about this and contact the veterinary hospital in a timely manner. Self-medication can not only cause serious consequences, but also miss the time it takes for a complete cure.

    FUNDAYUNA.COM 2021