Digestion features of kittens and adult cats
To understand the feeding habits of representatives of the feline family, you need to know that cats belong to the class of mammals, the order of predators.
Kittens born up to three months old are fed by a mother cat. Lactase is produced in their small intestine. It is a special enzyme that is required for the digestion of lactose. milk sugar. The older the kitten gets, the less lactase is produced in its body.
Monthly kittens gradually begin to switch to solid food, trying a little meat together with the cat. However, they do not stop eating milk. The kitten’s body begins to prepare for adulthood: the production of lactase is gradually reduced to a minimum, and other enzymes are produced for digestion. proteases, which are necessary for the breakdown of proteins.
By the age of three months, the kitten becomes an adult, and the cat stops feeding him. The cat is a predatory animal. The main food of an adult is meat. The digestive system of kittens at this age is already ready for such a diet and can be given meat food.
Thus, it becomes clear that in cubs milk is the main food, and for adult cats it is contraindicated due to the fact that the gastrointestinal tract does not digest it, bloating, pain and diarrhea may occur. It happens that in adult animals, a small amount of lactase continues to be produced, but this rarely happens.
Now we need to figure out why kittens, whose body produces enough enzymes to process lactose, should not be given goat or fed with cow’s milk.
What are the disadvantages of cow’s milk and is it possible to give goat
One of the downsides to cow’s milk is that it is less nutritious than cat’s milk. In addition, it does not contain nutrients to the extent that cats need them for full development. Comparison of nutrients is shown in the table:
|Protein (%)||Fat (%)||Water (%)||Calorie content (kcal)|
Goat’s milk is better than cow’s milk. The amount of vitamins in it is several times higher. The fat and protein in goat milk is easier to digest. over, it is low-allergenic. In some cases, it is allowed to feed them to cubs, but it is advisable to dilute with a small amount of water.
Can a kitten be given milk?
Everyone is familiar with the picture when a flock of fluffy kittens huddled around the saucer, which amicably lapping milk, pushing each other away and crawling into the saucer with their paws. After eating, they sleep sweetly, burying their noses wet with milk. Isn’t that cute? But is it possible to give kittens cow or goat milk, not everyone knows about this.
How and how to feed a little kitten
Artificial feeding should be done in the same way as it would happen with a mother cat:
You should know that a kitten cannot go to the toilet for some time. If there is no cat nearby, then you need to help him. To do this, after feeding, you need to stroke the kitten’s tummy and rub the anus with a cotton swab. If this is not done, intoxication of the body will occur and a lethal outcome is possible. Over time, the baby will grow up and learn to do everything himself.
- you can feed with infant formula, but add a little more water than is written in the instructions for it;
- goat’s milk is preferable to cow’s milk, but any of them must be diluted with water;
- it is recommended to add a little whipped protein to the mixture, but not more than 1/5 part;
- you can give the kitten kefir;
- a pipette or syringe without a needle can be used instead of a bottle, but this option is only suitable for extreme cases. It is necessary to ensure that the mixture does not enter the respiratory tract.
After three months, milk feeding ends altogether and an already grown cat should be given meat food.
Kitten Weaning, Mom said “Milk for Kittens” | 4 Months Old Cat Can’t Stop Suckling
Is it possible for an adult cat to milk
It is good that many mustachioed, systematically lapping milk, do not understand human speech (or pretend that they do not understand). They would be surprised to learn that this delicious white liquid is bad for their health, but they probably wouldn’t stop drinking it.
In fact, there is no categorical ban on milk for cats, since every adult animal retains an enzyme responsible for breaking down lactose. And negative reactions to milk (in particular, loose stools) are noted in cats with low m of this enzyme, and vice versa.
If your pet digests milk well, do not deprive him of this joy, but calculate the rate as follows: 10-15 ml per 1 kg of weight.
Those who advise removing milk from the pet menu give another reason. in the wild, felines do not drink it.
But we must not forget that the diet of the same animals undergoes significant changes depending on the place of their stay: in artificial conditions, they eat differently than in the wild.
Important! The advice to give a cat instead of cow’s milk sheep or goat is not devoid of logic. Goat / sheep milk is less allergenic, and if the cat is intolerant of cow’s milk protein, this is a good solution. As for milk sugar, there is not so little of it in goat milk. 4.5%. For comparison: in cow. 4.6%, in sheep. 4.8%.
If you want to pamper milk to a cat that does not digest it well, take a special product from Whiskas: milk with a lower content of lactose, produced according to a special recipe. Milk substitutes can also be found where milk sugar is completely absent, but this delicacy should not be given often.
If there is a desire and time, make your mojito a milkshake by mixing 100 ml of yogurt, 4 quail yolks, and 80 ml each of water and concentrated milk.
Milk compatibility with cat food
Commercial feed is only combined with clean water. Attempts to diversify the “dry” diet with milk will lead to the appearance of deposits in the bladder and kidneys. In this case, the owner’s good intentions to improve the nutrition of his cat will only harm: along with the urinary system, the liver and other organs will be hit.
Is it possible for a kitten to milk
If you have to feed newborn kittens, try to protect them from whole cow’s milk.
Of course, the digestive tract of babies (against the background of adult cats) is more adapted for the absorption of lactose, but there are other factors that should be taken into account:
These warnings apply mainly to urban kittens with a weakened immune system: hardened village vaski will overcome (without health consequences) fresh milk and high-fat sour cream.
Fermented milk products
They are introduced into the diet with a negative reaction of the cat’s stomach to pure milk, giving the palm to kefir and cottage cheese. The latter is especially high in calcium, which is responsible for the health of the coat and bone tissue, including teeth and claws.
Fermented milk products can be divided into 2 groups:
- obtained by the method of lactic acid fermentation. yogurt, bifidok, cottage cheese, fermented baked milk, yogurt, sour cream;
- produced by mixed fermentation (lactic acid alcohol). kumis and kefir.
“Sour milk” of the first group can be served on the cat’s table immediately, of course, if its expiration date is observed.
Before regaling a cat with kefir, take a look at the date of manufacture: the more days a product has, the stronger its degree and the higher the proportion of carbon dioxide. In young kefir, no more than 0.07% ethyl alcohol, in matured. about 0.88%.
Important! Both types of kefir differ in their effect on the cat’s body: a young (not older than 2 days) weakens, mature (more than 2 days). strengthens. If your pet is prone to constipation, give him only fresh kefir. If the stomach is weak, the old one is recommended, unless the cat turns away from this overly acidic liquid.
In this case, a softer-tasting biokefir will come to the rescue, to which probiotic bacteria (usually acidophilus bacillus) are added. Probiotics balance microflora and make diarrhea / constipation a thing of the past.
Fat content of fermented milk products
The cat is fed with dairy products, without going beyond a certain percentage of fat content:
- cottage cheese. up to 9%;
- yogurt, kefir, fermented baked milk, natural yogurt. up to 3.5%;
- sour cream. 10%, but it must be diluted (1/1) with warm water.
All cheeses are usually very fatty, which is why cats are contraindicated. An exception is unsalted varieties of the Adyghe type, but they are also given infrequently and in small portions.
It must be remembered that cats, like humans, have different health, and the same product can cause diametrically opposite reactions in them. Sometimes even not very fatty fermented milk products provoke diarrhea, nevertheless, they should not be replaced with fat-free ones. Just Eliminate the Indigestion-Inducing Food.
Important! Cats should not be fed any sweetened dairy products, including curd cheeses and filled yoghurts. Animal pancreatic enzymes cannot digest sucrose.
Do cats need dairy products?
The need to include fermented milk products and milk itself (less often) in the cat’s diet is dictated by a set of their useful components, such as:
- unique amino acids;
- animal protein;
- trace elements;
- fatty acid.
Lactose. glucose and galactose molecules are involved in the creation of this natural carbohydrate. Natural sugar is found in all dairy products, including kefir, cottage cheese, milk whey and milk itself. If lactose is not absorbed by the body, this is a problem for a particular cat, but not for all baleen.
Amino acids. there are only 20 of them, and 8 of them cannot be replaced with artificial or herbal supplements.
Animal protein. it also cannot be synthesized under industrial conditions or find an equivalent analogue to it in the plant world.
Trace elements. in dairy products they are as balanced as possible. Potassium and calcium need the help of phosphorus, and sodium is “ready” to decompose only under the “pressure” of other microelements. Outsmarting nature by adding sodium / calcium pharmaceutical preparations to food will not work: in their pure form, they will provoke the deposition of kidney stones.
Fatty acids. they give milk (and its derivatives) a pleasant taste, contain vitamins A and D, lecithin and cholesterol, without which the body cannot live. Cholesterol is involved in the “release” of vitamin D and is involved in many hormonal processes.
Can cats eat milk?
You will have to work on solving the riddle “can cats milk” yourself. Experienced felinologists and aibolites know that the answer to this question is not as straightforward as it seems at first glance.
All the pros and cons of milk
By and large, a specific feline organism that rejects lactose can act as an adversary to milk. If there is no allergy or diarrhea, the cat will enjoy and benefit from cow’s milk: vitamins, proteins, amino acids, lecithin, valuable and, most importantly, balanced microelements.
Of course, it is better to feed the cat with country (farm) milk, but, in the absence of it, buy products of the brand that you trust.
Why cats shouldn’t be given milk, what scientists think?
According to most scientists who have conducted research, the use of milk by an adult is, in principle, not natural, since it is in nature that only youngsters feed on milk. A young organism is capable of producing a fairly large number of certain enzymes. These are the enzymes that digest lactose. milk sugar.
As the body matures, enzymes are produced in smaller quantities. This happens because the period of milk feeding ends, and completely different products are used for food. A certain amount of enzymes in the cat’s body still remains, but the level of their content is quite individual.
It is because the cat’s body still contains a certain amount of enzymes that they still drink milk. But how well the cat’s body will tolerate it depends only on its individual characteristics.
Is it possible to give milk to kittens?
As mentioned at the beginning of the article, the kitten’s body contains special substances that can successfully break down lactose. But cow’s milk, which is often fed by their owners, is far from acceptable food for them. Cow’s milk does not contain those substances necessary for a kitten. If the kitten is left without a mother, and there is no opportunity to find another “lactating mother” for the kitten, then it is best to buy a milk replacer at a veterinary pharmacy.
The answer to the question has been received. And he is negative. Once again, we list the main reasons why cats should not be given milk:
- Cow’s milk is far from being a natural product for the feline body. The cat does not feel the need for cow’s milk, since it does not contain the elements necessary for their body.
- Not every animal organism is capable of assimilating milk sugar. Its excessive use can cause diarrhea in the animal.
- Cow’s milk is one of the most dangerous allergens for the feline body. It can cause some animal health problems.
Why cats shouldn’t be given milk?
Every person, unambiguously, never had any doubts that milk is a favorite delicacy of cats. It is believed that milk is a completely natural product and is not fraught with any danger. But research carried out by scientists has proven the opposite. In this article, we will understand the question of why cats should not be given milk.
Disadvantages of cow’s milk
Cow’s milk contains antibiotics and hormones. After all, the cow, most often, is injected with some additives, and the milk loses all its natural composition.
If the milk comes from a pregnant cow, then estrogen in the milk will go off scale. It will also not do any good for the feline body.
Animal feed is also processed with various substances. Accordingly, these harmful substances also penetrate into milk.
Milk, before being sent directly to the manufacturer, undergoes mandatory pasteurization. Pasteurization practically kills all useful minerals and substances. Pasteurized milk can cause animal allergies.
If the owner is interested in the health of the cat, then it is worth the use of milk, nevertheless, to limit.
Is it possible to give milk to cats?
- From the above, we can conclude that cats should not be given milk, although they love it very much. It has absolutely no benefit, but rather, causes irreparable harm to the cat’s body. Products such as kefir or cottage cheese can replace milk.
- Cottage cheese contains calcium in its composition, which will have a beneficial effect on the body of a cat at any age.
- After kefir, a cat may also experience diarrhea, but the animal’s microflora will not be disturbed, as is the case with milk.
The cat’s health is a very important point for the owner to monitor. After all, for every person, an animal is like a member of a family. And the deterioration of the condition of a beloved pet is not the most pleasant moment. Therefore, you should carefully monitor the diet of your pet.
My cats have different milk tolerances. One swears even from a spoon, the second can handle half a glass a day without any problems. But sour cream and kefir can be given without consequences.
It’s impossible for you to be urban, you are “cancer” suckers. Everywhere you spit, you get cancer! Hurry, the world war would start, so what kind of patriots you are and how you are “friends” with nature!
What a pissy bullshit. Scientific references to mysterious “substances” without the slightest mention of them, “cottage cheese contains calcium” despite the fact that milk of its type does not contain chtoli? Kg / am, author. drink poison. Another handicraft.
Why kittens shouldn’t be given cow’s milk
Mother’s milk for little kittens is an irreplaceable product from which they receive all the components necessary for life. Nutrient from the mother cat is well absorbed and benefits newborn animals.
Some owners do not know until what age the mother feeds the young. On average, a lactating cat feeds babies up to 1-2 months old. it all depends on individual characteristics. At an older age, the animal’s diet should be changed. However, there are times when the kitten is looking for milk, even if the mother has already stopped feeding him.
In this regard, many owners have a question: is it possible to give cow’s milk to kittens?
Why cow’s milk is undesirable
Sometimes the owners still give small kittens to drink with milk obtained from a cow. Why you shouldn’t give this product to babies:
If the cat does not feed the babies
If the mother for some reason does not feed the cubs, then they should be given milk replacer at an early age. You can replace the substance received from the mother with special products.
How to feed a motherless kitten:
It is advisable to feed the kitten with a specialized mixture for small animals. However, this is an expensive substance, and if the owners do not have the opportunity to purchase it regularly, then feeding with alternative products can be organized.
Why is goat milk listed in the list of foods that are suitable for babies? The thing is that, unlike cow, it contains a minimum amount of lactose. Therefore, it is easier to learn.
The owner should be aware that the baby does not drink from the bowl on his own. Therefore, feeding kittens at an early age should be from a bottle. From 1.5 months, teach babies to eat on their own.
When self-feeding, the owner personally monitors the pet’s nutrition. Therefore, it is necessary to be able to determine if the baby is fed. A well-fed animal makes swallowing movements less often when it is fed from a bottle. He constantly turns away from the bottle and tries to sleep.
This indicator is decisive, and in this case it is no longer necessary to give the kitten food. Babies should be fed 5-6 times a day. For an animal at the age of 1 month, the daily food intake is approximately 30 grams per 0.1 kg of body weight.
Why is overfeeding dangerous? In overeating animals, digestion can be disrupted and the stool changes. After that, in some cases, it will be impossible to avoid a visit to the veterinarian.
As the baby grows up, the owner should take care of how to train the kitten to the bowl. Learning should start from the moment when the baby is already able to feed on its own.
Experts have been figuring out for a long time whether it is possible to give cows milk to cats or not. In their opinion, its use by any adult animal is unnatural, since in nature only young animals feed on it.
A young body secretes a large number of enzymes designed to digest lactose. It is lactose that the newborn baby absorbs with the mother’s milk. As the animal grows, the amount of special enzymes in its body decreases. Therefore, the growing animal must be gradually fed with food for adult animals.
But why then do cats and cats in some cases eat food intended for babies? The body of an adult animal still produces a certain amount of enzymes that can digest milk. Therefore, adult cats and cats can drink milk.
However, the amount of dairy products that is assimilated in their body depends only on individual characteristics. Therefore, it is still not recommended to water adult animals with cow’s milk. over, with age, it is absorbed in the body worse and worse.
A somewhat difficult situation arises with newborn fluffies that the mother does not feed. Can kittens be given milk??
Alternative for adult animals
As you can see, it is undesirable for cats and cats to give milk to lap. However, the pet must have a balanced, complete diet. Therefore, animals that no longer feed on mother’s milk can be fed with the following fermented milk products:
- sour cream;
- cottage cheese;
- low-fat cheese.
The same foods should be included in the diet of an adult animal. Can cats be fed with sweet cheeses and condensed milk? Definitely not, because the pancreas of animals is unable to cope with such food.
Proper and balanced nutrition is the basis for the health of pets, so it is important for the owner to carefully consider the diet of the animal.
If we consider the chemical and biological composition from the point of view of usefulness for a newborn, then you should pay attention to the amount of amino acids contained in milk. 20 items. they are necessary for the normal physical development of the baby.
Another very important point is the presence in cow’s milk of a sufficient amount of magnesium and calcium, which are necessary for bones.
It is also worth noting that fresh milk (and only fresh milk) has the ability to resist the multiplication of bacteria (including disease-causing ones), which characterizes it as a natural natural antibiotic.
Milk also has a lot of disadvantages:
- extremely low vitamins C and E (if compared with breast milk, then several dozen times);
- large volatile gases (carbon, oxygen, nitrogen), which can cause short-term discomfort in the child, as well as belching or the characteristic release of gas along with feces;
- due to its fat content, milk can create some problems with the processing of the product inside the body.
Based on knowledge about the development of a newborn baby and about the state of his health at a given moment, each mother decides for herself whether to give cow’s milk to the baby or not. Another question is that, guided only by thoughts of transferring vitamins and microelements to their child, mothers often forget about the usual criteria of hygiene and health, but more on that later.
What pediatricians say
So, let’s start with the fact that the question itself about cow’s milk for a child from the first days of life is very controversial. The opinions of pediatricians are fundamentally different in 3 main “directions”.
- Cow’s milk can be given to babies right from birth. The arguments in favor of this statement are the following factors:
- traditions and foundations (hereinafter, they should be understood as a “village” view of the feeding process). Children are given cow’s milk in the villages from birth and the percentage of infant mortality and morbidity has not changed at all;
- the product is the closest in composition and consistency to natural breast milk, so it is much better than powders for making infant formula;
- it is rich in lactic acid bacteria, which are so necessary for the child’s body for normal digestion and the development of the gastrointestinal tract.
- Cow’s milk should not be fed to babies as a substitute for breast milk and formula. Here the argumentation is simpler:
- the fat content of the natural is too high, therefore, it can have the most detrimental effect on the underdeveloped body of the child (ranging from disproportionate weight gain to serious stomach problems);
- the bacteriophages contained in it are capable of disrupting the bacterial balance and the unformed intestinal microflora of the child;
- cow’s milk in its pure form is considered “dirty”, that is, it has some mechanical impurities that have fallen into it from the cow itself, the hands of the milkmaid or the container into which the milking took place (usually in the milkman).
- Cow’s milk is allowed for children only after undergoing special processing:
- skimming (necessary to improve the absorption of milk by the child’s body);
- pasteurization (reducing the number of bacteria or their complete destruction);
- boiling (in principle, similar to pasteurization, but additionally foam is still released, which, in fact, is the very useful thing in cow’s milk).
The essence of the question is that it is almost impossible to give a 100% unambiguous answer if you are guided only by the above conclusions of children’s doctors. To clarify the picture, let us turn to primordial scientific knowledge.
All about teas for children: when and how to drink, what kind from what age you can: http://mozhno-detjam.ru/so-skolki-mesyatsev-davat-rebenku-chay.html
So is it possible to give?
This is, perhaps, all there is to know about milk (if you do not consider the depth of each individual issue). To make a choice in his favor or turn to formulas for breastfeeding. every mother decides for herself. If there is no firm confidence in the correctness of the choice made, then you should seek help from a pediatrician.
I cannot but express my personal opinion on this issue. I believe that cow’s milk can be given to children from birth, but only after it has been processed. My scenario would be like this:
- boiled milk must be cooled, remove the foam and start feeding in small portions;
- unprocessed milk can be served to children 3-6 years old to accelerate the process of tooth growth (to strengthen them and protect them from diseases of the oral cavity);
- fresh fresh milk is the heaviest product (among different types of milk), so I do not recommend its use for children under 6-8 years old (by this age, the formation of the digestive system is completed and it stabilizes and “gets used” to the already familiar diet).
Knowledge is power
It is, of course, so, only it would be nice to know the cow from which you are going to take milk, so to speak “in the face”. Acquaintance should begin with familiarization with documents (diseases, vaccinations, etc.). It is good if the milk is certified. this is not a guarantee of its complete purity, however, it is a great help when choosing a seller. Some farms donate milk for analysis, therefore, if such documents are available, they need to pay close attention. They contain important information about:
- density of milk (the higher the density, the tastier the milk, but at the same time, harder to digest, especially for the child’s body);
- fat and calorie content (fatty milk is not suitable for complementary foods, and an excess of calories for a newborn child is useless, because he cannot burn them, and this is a direct path to improper weight gain and the appearance of fatty deposits);
- chemical composition (it should not be dominated by any one group of trace elements, rather we can talk about some kind of balance). Milk must contain: calcium, magnesium, potassium, phosphorus, manganese and a small amount of iron. At the same time, it should not contain heavy metals and their compounds, salts of sulfuric and sulfurous acid, although sulfur itself is there.
In pure form, the composition of cow’s milk depends on THREE main factors:
- the nature of the food (in order for the milk to contain the n-th amount of nutrients, it is necessary for the cow to make up for its own lack of them);
- lactation period (depends on both the milking time and the health of the cow), especially during the period of gestation;
- volume, type and quality of feed (equally true for dry feed and water that the cow uses). The qualitative and quantitative chemical and biological composition of milk in terms of the main contained elements and vitamins corresponds to the content of the same elements in the feed. For baby food, milk obtained from a cow that has been exposed to chemicals to increase milk yield and increase meat is unacceptable. Limitations include udder injuries and certain diseases (such as mastitis).
From how many months you can give a baby cow’s milk: about milk, children, science and the opinion of a pediatrician
Such a question should be considered not very correct, since in such a formulation there are too many variables that do not depend on the child’s body. It would be more correct to find out at what age you can give raw cow’s milk, fresh milk, boiled or specially processed. Following this, it is worth identifying for yourself several parameters by which, in principle, you can navigate and interpret them for other products.
Comments on record: 15
Yeah, cow’s milk cannot be given in general, because its composition is suitable only for calves, and for people it does not do any good, only if you give milk, then only goat’s milk is suitable for breast milk and is more useful and you can give it from the first days of life only it needs to be bred 1k2 that is 1 milk 2 water and boil a pinch of salt and half a teaspoon of sugar I myself grew up on it and my child grows on it strong healthy and does not get sick
All this is nonsense, I myself grew up on cow’s milk, my children and grandchildren also drink cow’s milk. True, young children should not immediately be given whole milk; it must be diluted with water, especially your own milk. Those children who drink a lot of milk are stronger in development and have stronger teeth.
How to give your baby milk correctly?
Before giving your baby a healthy drink, you need to make sure that there is no allergy to the product.
The introduction of milk into the diet is based on the observance of a number of rules.
- A child under one year old is given only milk formulas or breast milk. You can try goat’s milk, but start with a diluted drink. For starters, it is recommended to use 1 part milk for 4 parts boiled water. In the absence of allergic manifestations and refusal of the baby, you can gradually increase the volume of the nutritional base.
- Skimmed and skimmed milk should be excluded from the diet.
- Whole milk is best for ages 1 to 2.
- When children turn 2, a fat-free product is introduced if necessary.
- The daily norm of a drink at the age of 1-2 years is 700 ml. Over time, the indicator increases depending on the individual characteristics of the child and his attitude to dairy products. If the baby constantly consumes foods such as yogurt or kefir, the amount of milk can be reduced.
- It is necessary to consult with a specialist and understand what manifestation is characteristic of an allergy to dairy products. If such symptoms appear, milk will have to be abandoned or replaced.
- If a child loves a milk drink very much and is able to drink up to 1.5 liters per day, it is allowed to give him diluted goat or low-fat drink, even if he is under two years old.
How much and how often should I feed a newborn kitten?
You need to include dairy products in the diet with minimal portions. When the baby’s body gets used to it, you can give the ingredient in larger quantities, using it both in pure form and as part of “complex” dishes.
With the question of what kind of milk and when to introduce into the baby’s diet, it is better to contact a pediatrician or gastroenterologist. The specialist will analyze the child’s condition and recommend the optimal time for safe administration of the product.
At what age can a baby be given cow’s milk? Komarovsky on the rules for the introduction of complementary foods.
At what age can a baby be given cow’s milk? Photo At what age can a baby be given cow’s milk? Komarovsky (and all experienced children’s doctors) confirms that fresh cow’s milk is extremely useful for a growing child’s body. However, this statement only applies to those children who are already one year old.
Cow’s milk is the richest source of nutrition. Milk proteins are much more complete than fish and meat proteins, they are digested faster. The baby’s body needs protein as it helps the formation of new cells. Milk proteins contain three key components. albumin, casein and globulin (they are dissolved in raw milk). All these proteins are complete, which means that they contain all 20 essential amino acids.
What can a baby drink
From how many months should you accustom your child to milk? Pediatricians agree that whole milk should be given to babies from eight months. Only you need to use for complementary foods not an ordinary bag for adults, but a special baby milk: it is processed in a special way.
Milk food for children is processed by the ultra-pasteurization method, in which the substance is heated for only three seconds. After heating, the milk is sharply cooled and packed in cardboard aseptic bags. With this treatment, all valuable substances in the milk remain, and dangerous bacteria die.
When buying milk, pay attention to the manufacturer’s recommendations about the age at which a child can be given this product.
Do I need to boil purchased pasteurized milk? No, you cannot boil it: this will deprive it of all its valuable properties. Should pasteurized milk be given to a breastfed baby? This is not necessary: he receives all the valuable substances from breast milk.
What kind of milk to drink after a year? Pediatricians recommend consuming whole milk for up to two years. When the child is two years old, you can switch to low-fat food.
When to start giving your baby milk?
According to the data provided by medicine to date, it is highly discouraged to give pure goat and cow milk to a child under 1 year old. Many important factors are cited to support this approach.
- The product contains a huge amount of minerals that create discomfort for such a weak and unadapted organism. First of all, this is dangerous because the kidneys are heavily overloaded, processing a complex component.
- The composition of animal milk differs markedly from the female counterpart. In particular, it is very high in protein and sodium. When these indicators go off scale, the risk of developing such an unpleasant condition as allergies increases.
- There is too much casein in the product and a minimum of carbohydrates. The level of iodine, zinc, vitamins E and C is too low for the normal development of the child’s body.
- For the brain to function properly, a child needs fatty acids, there are too few of them in cow’s milk.
- A low level of iron in the product can provoke the development of iron deficiency anemia in a newborn, since there will be no necessary basis for active reproduction of red blood cells.
- Gastrointestinal bleeding can occur if milk is given daily to a breastfed baby (especially under 6 months of age).
- Amino acids such as cystine and taurine, folic acid take part in the development of the baby. There are no such substances in milk at all, which will definitely negatively affect the child.
Families with a history of patients with insulin-dependent diabetes should be treated with extreme caution when introducing cow’s milk into the baby’s diet. Early consumption of the product can lead to diabetes in the future.
Whole Milk Benefits
Whatever arguments the opponents give, cow’s milk is useful for children under one year old. From it the baby gets:
- calcium and phosphorus;
- trace elements;
- 20 essential amino acids.
A bottle-fed baby is deprived of many useful microelements, due to which the development of the body may be inadequate.
Milk cups do no harm, and pasteurized milk will also do no harm. Allergies and diathesis? Not all babies have this reaction to whole milk.
When can children be given cow’s milk and how to do it as correctly as possible??
It will certainly be better if you forget about this product until your child is three or five years old. Absolutely all doctors tell nursing women that they should not consume such a drink. All due to the fact that part of the product enters the baby’s body. What can we say about the direct feeding of the child with cow’s milk.
If you decide that you will give this drink, despite the opinions of doctors, then start doing it no earlier than nine months. It was during this period that the baby already got acquainted with many food products and can show his own addictions. It is necessary to introduce milk into the child’s diet gradually. Perhaps this process will take even longer than accustoming to cereals and vegetables.
On the first day, give the crumbs one teaspoon of milk. At the same time, add plain clean water to the drink. Pay close attention to the reaction of the crumbs on this day. If an unusual rash or indigestion develops, stop experimenting immediately and see a doctor. When the baby reacts quite normally, you can continue accustoming to a new product.
Try to choose natural milk, not one that is stuffed with preservatives and can be stored for several years at room temperature. If you take a “live” product from under a cow, be sure to boil it. Otherwise, you can infect the child with salmonella, toxoplasma and other microorganisms.
The harm of cow’s milk
Pointing out the beneficial properties of whole milk, one should also note its harm to the baby’s body. Many young mothers who do not have breast milk are wondering: is it possible to give pasteurized baby milk to a monthly baby? Do I need to boil it additionally?
No, pasteurized milk should be given when your baby is 8 months old. It is not recommended to boil it. If you cook porridge, the beneficial vitamins are destroyed. But after boiling, useful trace elements still remain, so the value of the substance does not disappear.
And then what is the harm of whole milk? It does not contain valuable immunological elements, but is saturated with total protein. This concentration of total protein can cause allergies in some children.
Therefore, acquaintance with a new diet should be very careful.
A bovine product contains an increased percentage of phosphorus and calcium, which is necessary for the development of the calf, but is harmful to the human baby. Against the background of a high concentration of calcium and phosphorus, low water is noted, which is unsafe for the child’s body.
We can summarize a little about the dangers of whole milk:
- increased concentration of calcium, sodium and phosphorus;
- insufficient amount of water;
- lack of immune bodies;
- deficiency of turin and cystine;
- an excess of fatty acids;
- lack of linoleic and orotic acid.
Iron in whole milk is not completely absorbed by the human body, and its lack adversely affects the development of the child. After the listed disadvantages, it becomes clear why some doctors treat whole milk sharply negatively.
What food to feed the lop-eared: natural products or ready-made food?
Natural products are the most optimal choice for feeding cats, but in this case, the owner must learn how to make a diet, which will contain everything that the animal’s body needs and in the right amount. Otherwise, you should give preference to ready-made dry food.
Can kittens be fed milk?
Almost all kittens under 3 months are breastfed. During this period, lactase is produced in the small intestine of babies. a special enzyme that helps the body to digest lactose.
From 1 month old, the kitten can be gradually accustomed to adult food, but breastfeeding should not be stopped either. At first, the food offered to the pet must be crushed to a mushy state. It is recommended to start complementary foods with one product, and introduce a new one only when the pet has learned the previous one. Usually, at 1 month old, kittens begin to be fed with fermented milk products, and at 2 months. with chopped meat.
When the baby is 3 months old, the cat will gradually finish breastfeeding as the kitten is ready to eat solid food. From now on, the pet is ready to switch to a new type of feeding. Instead of lactase, 3-month-old kittens produce protease, enzymes that help proteins to digest. That is why it is better not to offer milk to kittens from this age, since the product will negatively affect the well-being of the animal.
Interesting! Experienced veterinarians recommend feeding the kitten with wet or dry food instead of milk from goats and sheep. It is healthier and more nutritious for babies.
Before introducing cow’s milk into the menu of a small pet, the owners need to carefully study the composition, as well as evaluate the beneficial and harmful properties for the kitten’s body.
In terms of composition, cow’s milk has significant differences from cat’s milk. it contains vitamins and other useful substances required for harmonious development. Cat’s milk consists of 8% protein with a fat content of 4.5%, and cow’s milk consists of only 3.5% protein with a fat content of 3.5%.
Before introducing cow’s milk into the pet’s diet, the following points should be taken into account:
Can lop-eared kittens be given milk?
There is an opinion that it is forbidden to feed Scottish Fold kittens with milk and other foods with increased m calcium. Otherwise, their ears may stand up.
According to veterinarians, this opinion is just a myth that was invented by unscrupulous breeders to hide the defects of the Scottish Fold. After all, there is no evidence that the process of raising the ears in lop-eared kittens depends on the amount of dairy products they consume. In this way, breeders are trying to shift responsibility for the raised ears of a fold kitten. they convince inexperienced owners that they did not feed their Scotsman correctly.
In fact, the ears of Scottish Fold kittens rise most often for genetic reasons: for example, one of the ancestors already had this phenomenon, but the breeders kept silent about it. Also, one of the most common reasons why a lop-eared kitten has raised ears is considered an individual feature of the body of a particular animal.
Calcium is vital for both lop-eared and straight kittens, because it is the main building material for bones. However, despite this, doctors do not recommend feeding lop-eared kittens with milk. This is due to the fact that after 3 months, the Scots, like other babies from the feline family, poorly process lactose. With frequent feeding of a small pet with milk, intolerance may form.
Owners of Scottish Fold kittens under 3 months should remember that mother’s milk is ideal for feeding a baby, it is better to refuse the other. If the baby is left without a mother early, or the cat cannot feed him, it is necessary to purchase a milk replacer especially for kittens, but it is not always possible to get it. Then you can offer your pet a formula for infants. It must be diluted with water: double its amount in comparison with what is indicated on the package. If there was no baby food at hand, it is allowed to dilute the goat’s milk with boiled water and feed the pet.
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The Scottish Fold cats, loved by many, have been known to man since 1961. It was in this year that the Englishman W. Ross bought a kitten with an unusual appearance, whose mother, a fold-eared cat with snow-white hair, is considered the first representative of this breed. The breed was registered in 1965, and five years later it had its own official name. If this cute miracle should appear in your home, it’s time to think about how to properly feed a fold kitten. Do not forget that the immunity and health of the animal depends on the nature of the diet. A balanced diet, no problems in the digestive system. this is a high probability that your four-legged friend will visit the veterinary clinic very rarely.
Before we take a closer look at the diet of Scottish Fold cats, we strongly recommend that you remember the following basic rules, adhering to which, you will ensure healthy longevity of your pets:
- Feeding the animal should be carried out at the same time, while the following schedule should be adhered to: kittens under the age of 3 months. 5-6 times a day, 3-6 months. 4-5 times a day; after 6 months. 3 times a day, after 8 months. 2 times a day.
- Natural food should not be combined with feed. To digest them, the pancreas secretes various enzymes, so the efficiency of its work will be low.
- Use only feed from the same manufacturer at a time.
- When purchasing feed by weight, ask how long ago the package with the product was opened: long-term storage in an open state impairs the characteristics of the feed, including its taste.
- Natural products should not be salty. Adult animals should not be fed with milk, pork, potatoes, tomatoes, garlic, onions, loaves and fruits.
- The cat should always have access to clean drinking water. This is especially important if the animal eats dry food.
- After eating, wash the bowl of food thoroughly. There should not be food residues in it, since this is not only unhygienic, but also does not allow the animal to be accustomed to systemic nutrition.
How to feed fold kittens?
It is believed that lop-eared kittens are prohibited from drinking milk due to the peculiarities of the breed. And although this information has no scientific basis, the owners still doubt whether Scottish babies can be given this product. Let’s figure out what effect milk has on Scottish Folds and cats of other breeds, as well as learn about the benefits and harms of its use for kittens and adults.
Physiological Basics of Cat Nutrition
To understand how to feed a fold cat, you need to have at least a general idea of how the body of our smaller brothers functions. As practice shows, most of us believe that the organisms of cats and humans are similar. This is far from the case, since humans are omnivores and cats are predators.
What does this mean? The fact that the diet of cats should consist mainly of products of animal origin. their digestive tract copes well with proteins and fats of animal origin, but they practically do not need carbohydrates (their saliva lacks a special enzyme responsible for the digestion of such food, so the whole load falls on the pancreas). Nevertheless, a small amount of carbohydrate food should be introduced into the diet, since it is a quick source of energy, contributes to the creation of normal microflora, helps to remove toxins and wool from the body. Rice, potatoes, herbs, cabbage are well suited for this.
Animal proteins contain all the amino acids cats need. Their sources are meat and dairy products, eggs. In the diet of animals, their percentage should be at the level of 40-60 percent. As for fats, their daily allowance is 15-20 percent of the diet, but not less than 5 percent. Fats are source of fatty acids, used by cats for energy, and if not consumed enough, animals are susceptible to various diseases. Cats do not need vegetable fats.
Despite the fact that the body of kittens has great compensatory capabilities, too long-term disturbances in nutrition can lead to serious health problems. over, the deficiency of certain nutrients in the diet is tolerated by different breeds of cats in their own way. The Scots we are considering are sensitive to micronutrient deficiencies, since they have problems with their assimilation.
According to studies in which animals were able to choose their own food, the approximate diet of your pets might look like this: protein. 52 percent, fat. 36 percent, carbohydrates. 12 percent.
Natural foods: how to feed a fold cat
Natural products for your cat should be selected individually. As we already wrote above, the digestive systems of humans and cats have significant differences, so it would be wrong to share food with your pet from your table. Below is a list of natural products that can be used to organize food for lop-eared cats:
- Fermented milk products (kefir, sour cream, cottage cheese), which can be introduced into the diet if the cat does not develop a disorder. They are rich in protein, calcium, vitamins. Too fatty foods should be fed in small quantities so as not to harm the pancreas.
- Boiled meat. Although raw meat is healthier, it is best to cook it to avoid parasite infestation. Recommended freezing for three days does not always get rid of the worms, so the use of raw meat is prohibited. In the case of Scottish cats, preference is given to lean meats, which will help to avoid problems with the pancreas. These include chicken, rabbit, horse meat. The best choices are rabbit and poultry. From time to time, cats need to be given bones, which not only contain useful substances, but also allow them to brush their teeth and develop jaw muscles.
- By-products (liver, stomachs, etc.). Served finely chopped, boiled and alternated with meat.
- Vegetables (cabbage, carrots, spinach, beets). They are rich in fiber, which helps to avoid constipation and significantly improves the functioning of the digestive system. Combined with meat products in a 1: 5 ratio. Vegetables contain B vitamins, the deficiency of which in cats is formed very often: they do not accumulate in the body of animals, but are excreted daily. To preserve the maximum amount of vitamins, it is recommended to feed the vegetables raw. For cats with digestive problems, boiled vegetables are a better option, as the starch they contain is better absorbed.
- Fish. Use sea fish meat, completely deboned. In the diet, it can be present no more than two to three times a week. Do not use raw and river fish, which can cause parasite infestation of the animal.
- Egg yolks. Chicken or quail eggs are used. The yolks can be either raw or boiled. Norm. 1 chicken yolk or 3 quail egg yolks at least once a week.
- Cereals (rice, oatmeal, semolina). Boiled in water and can be fed alone or together with meat or fish in a 1: 5 ratio.
- Greens. In this case, they are guided by the personal preferences of the animal. You can give your cat parsley, barley, fresh dill.
- Butter. You can use vegetable and butter in the amount of one teaspoon per day.
Now let’s highlight those foods that should not be in the cat’s diet:
- Milk. The diet of cats should only contain fermented milk products. Whole milk is only given to kittens under 3 months of age.
- Sugar-containing foods. Prohibited in any form. If the animal eats sweets, then most likely it is interested in their other component (cats do not have receptors responsible for recognizing sweet taste).
- Salty foods. Scots are already prone to kidney and urinary problems, so food shouldn’t contain salt.
- Canned food. They always contain preservatives, salt, spices, which creates an additional load on the digestive and excretory systems of the animal.
- Ray, garlic. Can cause serious gastrointestinal disturbances.
- Citrus. Due to the high content of essential oils, they negatively affect the olfactory system of cats, and in addition, they can cause disorders of the digestive system.
- Mushrooms. Are heavy enough food for cats and are of no benefit to them.
- Potato. Not suitable for animal nutrition due to the high starch content, which places a great strain on the digestive tract.