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From What Age Chicks Are Given Fish

At what age are chickens given fish

Growing poultry at home

In the first month, especially the first 10 days, the chicks need special care. They require a warm, dry, clean room with good ventilation, but no drafts. No more than 20. 25 chickens should be placed on 1 m 2. After 4. 5 weeks they are seated in 17 heads, and 10 to 20 weeks. 10 heads per 1 m 2.

For the first 3. 5 days, it is better for chickens to lay paper on the floor, and sprinkle sifted chicken feed and small corn grits on it. Chickens dig in this litter without harm to themselves and stay clean.

You cannot feed chickens on a cold floor, otherwise they will catch cold. In no case should chickens get into feeders and drinkers with their feet: feed and water contaminated with droppings cause intestinal diseases, and wet litter is destructive for immature chickens.

For the first 10 days, the chicks are fed every 2 hours. During this period, the best food for them will be finely chopped hard-boiled eggs, crumbly cottage cheese, mixed with semolina or corn grits. For 10 chickens, one egg or 50 g of cottage cheese mixed with 50 g of cereal is given. It is useful to give chickens small cereals, lightly ground rolled oats, chicken feed, adding powdered milk (1/4 of the volume of cereals or a mixture of cereals) and one ground multivitamin tablet (for 10 chickens). Such a dry mix is ​​convenient in that the poultry farmer can be absent for a long time, filling the feed into the feeder, and the chickens themselves regulate feed intake. After each feeding, check if all chicks have full crop.

From 3. 5 days of age, chickens are taught to eat finely chopped greens, at 5. 7 days of age it is good to give crumbly mash with yogurt, meat and fish broths, as well as meat and fish waste (5. 7 g per head), with On the 10th day, boiled potatoes, grated carrots, pumpkin, zucchini and other vegetables are given. Wet crumbly mash should be eaten within 30. 40 minutes (give 30. 40 g per head), the remains must be removed (sour feed causes poisoning and death of chickens). Fresh yogurt, kefir, whey, which are given in the morning, and then filled with fresh water are very useful for the intestines of chickens. As a disinfectant, a weak solution of potassium permanganate is given 2 times a week for half an hour, but it should not be given immediately unless necessary in the first days of chickens’ life.

Beginning at 10 days of age, chickens are given finely crushed chalk, well-cooked ground eggshells, in separate feeders there should always be fine gravel or coarse sand.

In the first month, chicks are very demanding for heat, they die even at room temperature. For the first 5 days, the temperature in the chicks area should be 29. 30 ° С. From the 6th day it is reduced to 26. 28 ° C and every subsequent week. At 3 ° C, by the end of the month, bring to 18 ° C. It is good to heat chickens with infrared lamps: they do not dazzle and can be left overnight. In warm sunny weather, chicks can be taken outside from 3 days of age. People are taught to walk gradually.

In household plots, chickens are mainly kept on a deep permanent bedding. Deep bedding promotes the release of a large amount of heat, protects the legs of chickens from the effects of low temperatures, affects their general condition and health, and, naturally, belongs to the essential environmental factors. As a result of enzymatic decomposition that occurs in the litter under the influence of bacteria, the bird receives an additional source of biologically active substances, mainly vitamins of group B. With good care, the litter does not stick together into lumps that stick to shoes, springs when walking and crumbles when squeezed in the hand.

Good bedding material is peat, straw chaff, wood shavings, sawdust. Litter mixes have proven to be the best. Moss peat absorbs about 3 times more moisture from the air and droppings than sawdust and wood shavings, and 2 times more than straw chaff. The moisture content of peat increases if it is stored in the attic in the winter, where it freezes well.

The main advantage of peat as bedding lies in its ability to destroy unpleasant odors. Litter, especially liquid litter, becomes invisible when mixed with peat. Peat very quickly dries the legs of the bird and thus prevents the occurrence of colds. Eggs laid by chickens at night do not break when they fall on a layer of peat, and if they break, then their contents are mixed with peat, which prevents the development of such a defect in chickens as pecking of eggs. Finally, peat, together with droppings, is an excellent fertilizer.

Peat is covered with a layer of 8-15 cm. This bedding can be used up to 4-5 months. In this case, once a week, you need to remove the top layer along with the droppings. Therefore, the peat bedding is not only healthy and convenient for the bird, but also saves time and labor of the amateur poultry breeder.

The moisture capacity of straw bedding is much less than that of peat, wood shavings and sawdust. The straw bedding produces less B vitamins. Uncut straw is not used as bedding. Since it is very quickly moisturized and moldy. In Ukraine, crushed corn cobs are used as bedding, but only for adult birds. Due to its high toxicity, its use is not recommended for raising chickens.

All bedding materials can be used for bedding mixtures. A mixture consisting of different parts of peat, wood shavings and straw chaff is especially convenient. The high amount of wood chips in the bedding mixture slows down its decomposition and biological synthesis. The layer thickness depends on the material used and the stocking density of the birds. At normal planting density, the layer thickness should be 20-25 cm. In this case, the litter will remain dry throughout the year.

To stimulate the biological activity of the fresh litter, it is necessary to leave a part (5-10 cm) of the old litter, which acts as a “leaven”. Over time, when loosening, the old and fresh layers are gradually mixed. The frequency of loosening depends on the microclimate and the type of bedding material. In humid air conditions (winter), it must be loosened daily to increase evaporation from the underlying layer.

It is recommended to add lime to bind moisture (0.5-1 kg per 1 m 2), but the structure of the litter does not improve. The addition of superphosphate (0.5 per 1 m 2) improves the litter structure. Loosen the bedding material to its full depth. Otherwise, anaerobic conditions are formed in the lower layer and beneficial aerobic populations of microorganisms die. Floors should be well insulated from soil moisture. Wooden floors do not need a protective covering, as deep bedding does not destroy, but rather preserves the wood.

It is recommended to harvest the litter during the summer and store it indoors to prevent moisture. The litter is usually placed in the house in autumn in dry weather. For. So that it does not get wet, iron baking sheets are installed under the drinkers or stands are made. Excessive dryness of litter is undesirable. At humidity below 20%, enzymatic processes are suspended. Dustiness of the air increases with dry litter. In the hot season, it must be sprayed with water. At the same time, dust content is reduced, and moisture evaporation helps to lower the temperature in the house.

Diseases can occur if birds are kept on wet, moldy bedding. Aspergillosis, coccidiosis, and respiratory diseases. In an excessively moist deep litter, helminth eggs and chicken mite larvae develop. Damp litter becomes cold, which contributes to a decrease in temperature and an increase in relative humidity, and contaminates feeders and drinkers.

Chickens hatched under the hen. Here they have dried up and are beginning to look out from under the wings. Watch them and you will see. The chickens are already pecking something. They try to search for food soon after hatching.

Previously, many poultry farmers believed that chicks should only be fed on the second day of their life. It was a mistake. Poultry scientists say differently: the sooner you start feeding the chickens, the faster their residual yolk is absorbed and they develop better.

Good feed for chickens in the first days of their life are; finely crushed high-quality grain mixture, finely chopped hard-boiled egg, well-squeezed non-sour cottage cheese, porridge, boiled, curdled milk. From the very first days of growing, chickens should be given finely chopped fresh herbs. Alfalfa, clover, nettles. Gradually, flour mixtures from cereals, animals and mineral feeds are introduced into the diet: first, the mixtures are dry, and then wet. To moisturize the mixtures use whey with compressed yeast diluted in it.

chicks, given, fish

The dry mixture is given to chickens up to one and a half to two months of age: the feeder with the dry mixture should always be with the chickens.

Up to ten days of age, chickens are fed six times a day, from the tenth day to one and a half months of age. Five times, and then switch to four feeding times. We used to say that wet mash troughs should be rinsed and dried frequently, and this is especially important when feeding chickens: sour and contaminated feed causes disease.

The number of feeders and drinkers must be sufficient, otherwise the chickens will interfere with each other.

Chicks should have full goiter after evening feeding. If there are chickens with incomplete goiter. They must be transferred to another room and fed separately. Mineral feed should be kept in separate feeders.

The water needs to be changed several times a day.

The successful breeding of poultry is highly dependent on the feeding regime. In winter, an adult bird should be fed 2 times a day. Morning and evening. In the morning you need to give soft and warm food, in the evening. Dry grain. This rule is very important as there are short days and long nights during winter. During the night sitting on the perches, a bird that has eaten hard grain feels less the influence of frost, since the activity of the digestive organs continues. Between morning and evening feedings, cabbage or greens can be pecked on by hanging them on the walls or hanging from the ceiling of the house so that the bird can reach it. Greens do not contribute to obesity, and the bird pecks it with great pleasure.

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In the warm season, feeding can be done in different modes. Where the bird uses spacious, vegetated walks, it is enough to feed it once a day. In the morning. For a short night, the bird will not get hungry. In autumn, when the bird can feed on grains on the stubble, there is no need to feed it at all. Where there are no spacious walks, you need to feed the bird more often than in winter, namely. 3 times a day.

Chicks should be fed as often as possible: in the first days of life 5-6 times a day. Then, up to 3-4 weeks of age. 3-4 times a day. As they grow, depending on whether the chickens have the opportunity to get themselves some of the food, the number of feedings is determined.

The bird should be given as much food as is needed to keep it healthy and productive. Lack of feed weakens the body and lowers productivity, and excess. It leads to obesity and also a decrease in productivity. Determining the required portion of feed depends on the experience and observation of the owner. Experienced poultry farmers advise to give so much feed so that the bird does not gorge itself and greedily take it for feed in the next dacha. If it is taken sluggishly, being quite healthy, the portion should be reduced.

Depending on the properties of the feed, it should be given in more or less quantity. The bird eats less dry grain than soft food, vegetables and greens. It is impossible to compare the giving of grain feed and, for example, bran mixed with water. The latter will need much more to deliver a small amount of nutrients to the bird. Great importance is attached to the variety of feed. It is better to give grain of one or two types as the main food, diversifying it with soft food in another dacha, as well as additionally feeding vegetables, herbs, meat.

Chickens require much more varied feed. At the beginning of life, they should be fed with animals and soft food, giving, of course, one or two types of grain. As the grain grows, the portions of the grain are increased, and the animal feed. Decrease. Gradually, the number of feed components is reduced, and the bird is content with those few of its species, to which they are most accustomed recently.

There are two main types of food: hard and soft. The first type includes mainly grain or grass seeds in a natural state, soft. Flour made from the same grains, as well as vegetables, various herbs and animal feed. Grains and seeds soaked in water or scalded with boiling water should also be considered soft food. Often soft food is made up of different varieties of flour, as well as bran with the addition of various boiled vegetables and herbs. Greens and vegetables are always given in chopped form, both boiled and raw. Mushrooms are made from flour in milk, whey or just water.

Soft feed in the body of a bird is digested faster, therefore it is mainly used for fattening and raising chickens. It can be given to molting and convalescent birds in cases where enhanced and varied nutrition is required. Soft food is also fed in the case of increased egg laying, but moderately out of fear of obesity of the bird. It is good to mix ginger and mustard with it, but with great care. First, give a small pinch, and then gradually increase the dose.

Soft food is used both cold and warm. In the warm season, it can be cold, and in the cold. Warm, so that there is no heat loss in the body, the consumption of which at this time is greater than usual. The temperature of the feed should be no higher than 40 ° C. Soft food is given in a dish that is convenient for pecking, solid. Can be given by scattering on the floor of the room. This method of giving feed is preferable, since the bird, while collecting it, at the same time produces some exercise, which is very important in winter, especially for those birds that are deprived of walking. Food should not be thrown onto snow or frozen ground, or given chilled in the cold. Compliance with these rules prevents disease.

The successful breeding of poultry is highly dependent on the feeding regime. In winter, an adult bird should be fed 2 times a day. Morning and evening. In the morning you need to give soft and warm food, in the evening. Dry grain. This rule is very important as there are short days and long nights during winter. During the night sitting on the perches, a bird that has eaten hard grain feels less the influence of frost, since the activity of the digestive organs continues. Between morning and evening feedings, cabbage or greens can be pecked on by hanging them on the walls or hanging from the ceiling of the house so that the bird can reach it. Greens do not contribute to obesity, and the bird pecks it with great pleasure.

In the warm season, feeding can be done in different modes. Where the bird uses spacious, vegetated walks, it is enough to feed it once a day. In the morning. For a short night, the bird will not get hungry. In autumn, when the bird can feed on grains on the stubble, there is no need to feed it at all. Where there are no spacious walks, you need to feed the bird more often than in winter, namely. 3 times a day.

Chicks should be fed as often as possible: in the first days of life 5-6 times a day. Then, up to 3-4 weeks of age. 3-4 times a day. As they grow, depending on whether the chickens have the opportunity to get themselves some of the food, the number of feedings is determined.

The bird should be given as much food as needed to keep it healthy and productive. Lack of feed weakens the body and lowers productivity, and excess. Leads to obesity and also a decrease in productivity. Determining the required portion of feed depends on the experience and observation of the owner. Experienced poultry farmers advise to give so much feed so that the bird does not gorge itself and greedily take it for feed in the next dacha. If it is taken sluggishly, being quite healthy, the portion should be reduced.

Depending on the properties of the feed, it should be given in more or less quantity. The bird eats less dry grain than soft food, vegetables and greens. It is impossible to compare the giving of grain feed and, for example, bran mixed with water. The latter will need much more to deliver a small amount of nutrients to the bird. Great importance is attached to the variety of feed. It is better to give grain of one or two types as the main food, varying it with soft food in another dacha, and also additionally feed vegetables, herbs, meat.

Chickens require much more varied feed. At the beginning of life, they should be fed with animals and soft food, giving, of course, one or two types of grain. As the grain grows, the portions of the grain are increased, and the animal feed. Decrease. Gradually, the number of feed components is reduced, and the bird is content with those few of its species, to which they are most accustomed recently.

Forage of plant origin includes grain feed, industrial processing waste (flour milling, oil mill, sugar beet), green, juicy feed, hay.

Grain feed forms the basis of the bird’s diet. From grain feed, the bird is fed: oats, barley, corn, rye, millet, buckwheat, peas, vetch, sunflower seeds, flaxseed and, in addition, waste: obtained during the processing of grain (bran, whip, chopping, flour dust) and oil mill industry (cake, meal).

Oats are the main grain feed in some areas. It is fed both to an adult breeding bird, especially during egg-laying, and to young animals. The disadvantage of this feed is a large amount of films, up to 30-40% of the total grain weight. Chickens should be given oats ground and sifted. It stimulates the growth of feathers. Good oats should be large, white or light yellow in color, dry, moisture content no more than 30%. Oats are also fed sprouted.

Barley can be included in the diet along with other grains. The bird eats it less willingly than corn or wheat. It is better to teach it from a young age. In areas where barley is a common crop, it can serve as a major part of the grain diet. Good barley should be full-grain and thin-skinned, light yellowish-white in color, with some sheen, fresh strawy odor, without mustiness. It is fed as part of a flour mixture and as a whole.

Corn is a valuable grain feed most readily eaten by poultry, especially chickens. Due to its high carbohydrate and fat content, it is considered a good feed for fattening; it is easy to digest. In areas where maize is mainly grown, it is part of almost every diet and is fed whole or coarsely or ground.

However, the protein in corn is considered deficient in individual amino acids. In addition, it is poor in minerals, especially calcium, so it is best to feed a cereal mix. When feeding corn to an adult bird during laying in the warm season, it should not be introduced into the diet in large quantities, as this contributes to obesity; in the cold season, the risk of obesity decreases.

Rye in its composition is close to wheat, but relatively poorly eaten by birds, especially as a whole. When feeding poultry with wet mash, rye is added ground or steamed. Rye flour is included in the feed rations and in the first period of feeding.

Millet is close to oats in composition. It is fed whole and ground, as well as husked (millet). Chickens are given millet in the form of a steeply cooked crumbly porridge. Ground millet can be a part of cereal mash.

Bran. This is a waste product from the milling industry. Wheat bran is most commonly used. They are high in phosphorus, but low in calcium compared to grain feed. Bran can be given to chickens 30, ducks. Up to 60, geese. Up to 80 g per day.

Grain grains (grain waste) are very diverse in quality. The less foreign matter in them (straw particles, chaff, earth, dust), the more nutritious they are. The composition of wheat and rye saws used for poultry feed varies within the following limits:

  • The grain is broken and large. 20-44%
  • Weed seeds. 19-68%
  • Various impurities. 5-45%
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Flour dust is a mixture of flour and bran mixed with earth, dust, etc. White dust is most nutritious, less. Gray and least nutritious dust with a large admixture of earth particles. Flour dust, preferably white, can replace part of the grain in the diet, especially when the birds are already laying low.

Malt sprouts are obtained by germinating barley. They are added to the grain diet. The sprouts contain a special substance called lecithin, which is rich in phosphorus. They must be given to layers and males to obtain breeding eggs of high fertility and with the subsequent viability of the embryos.

As a small supplement to the diet, yeast is the main source of vitamin B1 for poultry. Dry yeast composition:

  • Protein. 48.1%
  • Carbohydrates. 29.3%
  • Water. 10.8%
  • Cellulose. 2.6%
  • Minerals. 2.6%
  • Fats. 1%

Yeast is introduced into the diet mainly for chickens raised without walking, in the amount of 1-5%.

How to catch a bird? Birds should be caught in a darkened area and blue light bulbs should be used. The best time for catching is when the bird perches. It is convenient to use a corner made of timber and metal mesh. With this device, the bird should be pressed against the wall and caught by the wings. If you need to catch individual individuals, it is better to use a hook made of wire with a diameter of 5-6 mm. Length from 1 to 1.5 m. Waterfowl is caught by the neck, the rest. By the leg.

What are the requirements for drinking water? Contaminated water is source of infection. There should be no access to water for wild birds. Drinkers should be designed to prevent contamination of the water by the bird itself. The frequency of water changes depends on weather conditions and bird species. In the warm season, the water should be changed at least 3 times a day; Drinkers should be disinfected 3-4 times a month.

How to yeast flour mixtures? Yeast flour mixtures are carried out to increase the nutritional value of feed and enrich them with the vitamin part. For this, darkened rooms are used, the temperature is maintained within 18-20 ° C. Based on 1 kg of flour mixture, 10-20 g of baker’s yeast is diluted in warm (30 ° C) water. The food is covered with a layer of up to 30 cm. For 1 kg of flour mixture, 1.5 liters of water are required. After thorough mixing, the food is left for 6 hours, mixed again every 2 hours. The temperature of the yeast mass should be 20-27 ° С.

How to germinate grain? For 1-2 days, the grain is poured with water, after which it is scattered with a layer of 5-8 cm until sprouts appear. Sprouted grain is given to chickens in the amount of 30-40% of the daily intake of the grain part of the diet.

How to grind grain? As a result of grinding, the particle size should be in the range from 1 to 2 mm. The degree of chopping depends on the species and age of the bird. The quality of the chopped feed will be higher if it has less dust fraction.

What are the feed intake rates? Geese and ducks, by their biological characteristics, use silage better than chickens and turkeys. At low productivity or in a non-productive period, the amount of silage fed is increased. Combined silos are fed to youngsters from the age of three weeks.

Combined silos are made from clover, alfalfa, fodder cabbage, carrots, potatoes, and sugar beets. The moisture content of the silo should not exceed 70%. Before feeding, add 5 g of chalk to 100 g of silage.

How to feed the feed? To reduce feed losses, feed appropriate for the species, age of bird production, and convenient feeders should be used. You should not make drastic changes in the composition of the diet. The height of the side of the trough should not be lower than the back of the bird. Loose feed should be filled one third with whole grain. Half. Give wet mixtures more often. The length of the feeders should ensure that all birds can approach at the same time.

What is the danger of this product?

A sprouted grain supplement can be beneficial as well as harmful to the body. Problems will arise with the wrong dosage. Birds should correctly calculate the amount of supplements in relation to the daily requirement. Sprouted wheat should make up 30% of the total.

Overdose entails oversaturation with nutrients:

  • An excess of iron in the body of layers leads to disruption of the vital organs: there is a malfunction of the pancreas and liver. Zinc, calcium, vitamin E, manganese cease to be absorbed.
  • High vitamin A in the liver is toxic. As a result, hatchability and fertilization of eggs are reduced. An overdose of vitamin A leads to a sharp decrease in vitamin E in the liver, blood.
  • An excess of vitamin D in the blood leads to the consumption of vitamin E, causes toxicosis.
  • Long-term use leads to diarrhea, bloating.

It is important that the supplement contains other ingredients in the mixture. In its pure form, it is quickly digested and does not saturate the body. Chicken will be weakened due to lack of carbohydrates.

Millet

At what age can chickens be given millet, wheat? Millet is considered the most preferred for chickens and adults, which is suitable for a daily diet already at one day of age.

To diversify their diet, many breeders combine millet with semolina or corn grits. Millet groats contain a large amount of protein, which is so necessary for a young growing body of chickens.

3 months

It is the 3 month of life that plays an important role. During this period, the whole body develops, along with the reproductive system. The body is restructuring. At 3 months, the bird can be transferred to adult nutrition. But the feeding is carried out more often and denser. From the following components, you get a kilogram of feed for chickens at 3 months of age:

  • Corn. 500 grams.
  • Wheat. 150 grams.
  • Barley. 100 grams.
  • Sunflower meal. 100 grams.
  • Fish meal (meat and bone). 140 grams.
  • Chopped hay. 50 grams.
  • Salt. 3 grams.
  • Feed yeast. 50 grams.
  • Peas. 40 grams.
  • Vitamin complex. 15 grams.

Such compound feed can be stored for a long period. Suitable both as dry food and for preparing wet mash.

Wet mash for maturing chickens:

  • Barley. 30 grams.
  • Wheat. 30 grams.
  • Corn. 20 grams.
  • Any vegetables, except beets. 20 grams.
  • Fresh herbs. 30 grams.
  • Wheat bran. 5 grams.
  • Sunflower meal. 10 grams.
  • Bone meal. 1 gram.
  • Shredded shellfish. 1 gram.
  • Chalk. 2 grams.
  • Salt. 0.5 grams.
  • Season with meat broth.

Three month old chicks are fed twice a day.

Compliance with the rules

To provide babies with the necessary nutrition, it is recommended to follow these rules:

  • The feeders cannot be filled entirely, but only a third. Otherwise, the feed will be raked and trampled.
  • A drinking bowl with fresh water is placed in the house, which needs to be changed regularly. The optimum temperature is 30 degrees. The shelf must be freely accessible.
  • Watch your birds closely, they should all eat well. If some individuals do not fit the trough, they need to be planted. Chicks in quarantine are pipet-fed milk and egg yolk.
  • Feeders should be disinfected as often as possible. This can be done with a 5% formalin solution as well as hot soapy water.
  • Fermentation or rotting of feed is unacceptable, feeders must be regularly freed from food debris.
  • So that the chickens do not get sick, they resort to preventive measures. Three times a week, babies are given a concentrated solution of potassium permanganate. You can’t store it, every time a new one is bred.

Gravel

It is recommended to choose fine gravel, which will cleanse the esophagus of young animals, stimulate better bowel function, and promote grinding of solid food.

How to grow properly?

When creating a valuable product at home, you should choose the right wheat, dish material, soak the grain for germination for several days. Even a beginner can cook wheat germ. The procedure does not require special equipment, skills.

The product is useful for the bird in the autumn, winter time, when the lack of trace elements, vitamins, minerals in the body is especially manifested.

When can raw water be fed to chickens??

Water is essential for good growth and development of chicks and should be given in sufficient quantities. Raw water is best given after 2-3 months of chicks life, when the body is fully formed and adapted. Before that, the water must be boiled and cooled before serving in the drinking bowl.

Drinker for chickens

You should be careful about the temperature regime of the water:

  • In the summer. 16-18 degrees.
  • In winter, no more than 22 degrees.

Newly born chicks are given water no more than 25 degrees in drinking bowls that prevent contamination. The special design protects external pollution and from the introduction of dirt by the bird itself.

The water must be absolutely clean, otherwise there is a risk of infection of the bird. Wild birds must not be allowed to drink at chickens. It is necessary to change the water depending on pollution and weather conditions, but at least 2-3 times a day. Drinking bowls must be cleaned and disinfected 4 times a month.

Diet and rate depending on the age of the bird

When to feed your chickens with wheat germ

The supplement, rich in vitamins, minerals, is given to the bird throughout the year, 3 times a week. If this is not possible, farmers try to support the birds in autumn, winter, when chickens are deficient in vitamins and other useful elements. During such periods, there are problems with laying eggs, low immunity.

Opinion among poultry houses is divided over the timing of the nutritional supplement. Many poultry farmers feed in the evening, 2 hours before bedtime. Wheat is sprinkled on the bedding. Chickens are looking for food, thereby stirring up the litter, increasing the body’s heat exchange, and preventing litter from rotting. Having received additional food, the bird rests well all night without feeling hungry.

The second part of poultry farmers prefers to treat chickens with supplements during the daytime. Poured into feeders so that the chickens can eat everything.

Individuals suffering from obesity receive sprouted wheat in the morning. Chickens move throughout the day, the supplement increases metabolism. Low-calorie food speeds up fat burning.

Is it allowed to introduce egg white, milk, cottage cheese, fish and a loaf into the diet of chickens

One of the conveniences of raising chickens in your backyard is the ability to feed them with kitchen waste. A loaf and loaf of crusts are often left on the farm, which contain yeast that has a beneficial effect on muscle gain in chickens.

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A stale loaf is soaked in water and introduced into the diet as an independent dish or as part of wet mash. It is recommended to feed chicks from the 4th week of life, when they enter the phase of active growth. The main thing is to monitor the condition of the products included in the diet of the feathered crumbs. the loaf should not be moldy.

Millet and wheat for chickens

As for millet, this is one of the chickens’ favorite cereals. It contains a large amount of protein, which is a building material for the growing organism, as well as an abundance of vitamins B1, B2, K, PP and minerals. The product is recommended for babies from birth, but it cannot be given boiled, since rice sticking of beaks is likely.

Chickens love millet very much.

Some farmers prefer to mix millet with other cereals (corn, semolina, wheat), others steam it for feeding babies. pour it with boiling water and leave it until it swells and cools completely. Alternatively, millet can be mixed with herbs, cottage cheese, yeast, or herbal flour. For only hatched chicks, the approximate daily norm is 2 g per 1 individual, for weekly chicks this figure reaches 3 g.

Wheat in any form is also excellent for feeding chicks of all ages. The digestive system of feathered babies easily accepts and assimilates such natural food. Wheat contains useful carbohydrates, vitamins, amino acids and other biologically active substances.

Wheat is given to chickens in the form of cereals in the amount of 20-40% of the total grain mixture. The product must be cleaned of the film. Dry grain mixtures, whether with the addition of wheat or millet, are given to chickens up to 1.5-2 months of age.

Potatoes and carrots in the diet of chickens

From the 20th day of life, the chicks are introduced to the diet of the most valuable juicy feed. potatoes and carrots. The first is a powerful source of vitamin C, starch and B vitamins, and the achievements of the second include the abundance of vitamins B, C, E, provitamin A and sugars. In addition, due to its calorie content, potatoes are considered a nutritious product that provides good weight gain in young animals.

It is preferable to give both products in a boiled form as part of a mash. Chicks 20 days of age can be given up to 5 g per day per individual, by 30 days of age, the portion can be increased to 10 g, and by 3 months. up to 100 g. Older chickens are taught to eat raw potatoes.

From day 20, potatoes and carrots are introduced into the diet of chickens. they are added to the mash.

Is it possible to give chickens nettles, dandelions, celandine and euphorbia

Nettle is a real treasure of useful elements:

  • Vegetable protein;
  • Vitamin C;
  • Potassium;
  • Magnesium;
  • Phosphorus;
  • Gland.

These thorny greens have immunomodulatory properties, which have a beneficial effect on the general well-being of young individuals. Most breeders prefer nettles out of all the abundance of fresh herbs.

Chickens also eat dandelions with great pleasure, containing vitamins, micro- and macroelements, nicotinic acid and carotene, having a beneficial effect on the digestive tract and abdominal organs.

Dandelions are fed to chickens only in chopped form.

Both dandelions and nettles are included in the diet of crumbs that have reached 3 days of age. It is finely chopped and added to a cereal mixture, low-fat cottage cheese or a grated egg. At the age of up to 2 weeks, babies need about 3-4 g of fresh herbs per day, up to a month. 7 g, up to 2 months. 12-15 g, and over 3.5 months. about 30-35 g.

In no case should you feed chickens with milkweed and celandine, since these herbs are poisonous. Euphorbia is dangerous due to the high content of milky juice, which, if it enters the stomach, can lead to severe poisoning and even death.

Celandine is also classified as a poisonous plant, despite its medicinal properties. All parts of this herb, including the root, are filled with a pungent orange juice with a repulsive odor and a pungent taste. The toxicity of celandine persists even when dried. For feathered babies, such grass is very aggressive, so you need to be very careful when choosing greenery.

Rice and buckwheat in the diet of chickens

Rice is another grain product rich in carbohydrates, B vitamins and minerals. Despite its beneficial properties, rice is included in the diet of chickens in limited quantities. Excessive use of this seemingly harmless product can lead to health problems, and even paralysis of the bird.

From one week of age, you can gradually add boiled rice porridge with skim milk to the chicken feeders. She will give babies to quickly get enough and feel cheerful and energized. It is not recommended to include rice in the morning and evening meals.

Is it possible to feed the chicks with buckwheat? On this score, experts disagree. Some believe that the use of cereals in childhood can cause intoxication of the body. In addition, under the influence of the gastrointestinal tract, raw grains begin to swell, which can lead to problems with digestion.

Another group of experienced poultry farmers does not neglect this product, and boldly introduces it into the diet of the crumbs. After all, buckwheat is actually useful and contains a large amount of vegetable protein. Buckwheat is given to chickens ground and boiled, adding a little to the feed.

Rice porridge in small quantities is added to the diet of chickens.

Curd and dairy products

Another indispensable component of the poultry diet is cottage cheese. It is allowed to give it literally 2 days after birth, because fermented milk products help babies grow and develop faster. Calcium and vitamin D, which are part of the curd, strengthen the skeleton of the chick, and lactic acid bacteria normalize the acid-alkaline environment of the intestine, thereby improving its motility. As a result, the risk of gastrointestinal diseases is significantly reduced, and food is digested and absorbed faster.

It is very useful to give cottage cheese to small chickens.

Cottage cheese is given to chicks up to 2 months of age. The daily dosage for daily and weekly babies is about 2 g per 1 individual, and for menstruation. 3-4 g.

Milk is considered no less useful than cottage cheese, but certain rules should be followed when using it. Chickens are not forbidden to drink milk, but it is categorically impossible in fresh, fresh form, since babies have insufficiently developed gastrointestinal tract. Lactose intolerance, which can occur when drinking fresh milk, can lead to the death of the bird.

Milk is allowed to be given in dry or skimmed form. Powdered milk or reverse is an obligatory component of compound feed, and skimmed milk is obtained by separating cream from milk.

On the fifth day, chickens are added to the daily menu with dry or wet mash based on skim milk. As a rule, 0.2-0.3 liters of liquid are added to 1 kg of grain mixture. In its natural form, skimmed milk is introduced into the diet at the rate of 5 g per 1 liter of liquid, increasing the dose with the age of the chickens.

Eggs and fish in the diet of chickens

The egg is the first product that feathery crumbs get to know after hatching. As soon as the chickens are dry and back on their feet, the first dish the owner treats them will be the crushed yolk of a hard-boiled egg. As for the protein, it can be introduced from 3-4 days of life, when the chicks fully taste.

Egg white is a real storehouse of substances useful for the growing body:

  • Protein. an enzyme that produces energy in the cell;
  • B vitamins, as well as vitamins D and E (in terms of the amount of vitamin D, egg white is superior only to fish oil);
  • All vital amino acids.

Another product that the bird menu cannot do without is fish. It belongs to the category of animal feed that increases egg production. In addition, fish is extremely beneficial for molting chicks, as it has properties that enhance feather growth.

The fish is well boiled and chopped before feeding to the chicks.

The fish is fed to chickens in boiled or fried form, deboned and minced. Often it is mixed into the main food and given to birds 2-3 times a week in an amount of 2-8 g per 1 individual.

Is it possible to include compound feed, millet, buckwheat, wheat and rice in the diet of chickens

High-quality compound feed is the optimal solution for convenient and complete feeding of chickens. Good food contains the full range of nutrients, vitamins and minerals needed for healthy development of babies and maximum flock safety.

Compound feed for feeding chicks is selected taking into account the age of the chicks.

Compound feed is chosen depending on the age of the chickens, because their nutritional needs change over time. For example, starting feeding is a kind of impetus for the correct development of the digestive system of chicks and their accustoming to the consumption of dry food. Compound feed for chickens from 14 days of age is already produced in the form of large granules, which ensures fast food absorption.

The average daily rate of starting compound feed is 10-27 g per head, and the next one. 90-120 g. The first 5 days chickens are fed 6-8 times in essence, from 6 to 14 days. 3-4 times, from 15 days you can switch to 3 meals a day.

At what age can chickens be given green onions, garlic, carrots, potatoes and sorrel

Green onions play an important role in the nutrition of feathery crumbs. It is recommended for the prevention of intestinal diseases and as an effective remedy for parasitic invasions. Greens begin to give from 5 days of age in chopped form, and often as part of wet mash.

The initial amount of green onions per chick is about 5-6 g per day, gradually increasing. If you do not have green onions at hand, you can replace them with ordinary onions, passed through a meat grinder.

Greens and young shoots of garlic are also of interest to the chicken body. Adding garlic to the diet of babies is extremely useful, because it contains sulfur and B vitamins.This product helps young birds fight parasites and increases their resistance to respiratory system diseases.

Chopped green onions are excellent prevention of intestinal parasites in chickens.

Sorrel is considered an equally useful herb.

In its composition, you can see a huge number of useful elements:

  • Vitamins (groups B, PP, C, E, A, K);
  • Proteins;
  • Carbohydrates;
  • Fiber.

At the age of 2-3 days, chicks begin to receive garlic and sorrel, as well as other herbs, finely chopped or mixed with millet, eggs or cottage cheese.