Diseases of guinea pigs
Quarantine. Even a practically healthy animal does not tolerate trapping, transportation, climate change, environment, food. At first, the animal should be carefully looked after, given full food, carefully observe its behavior and health.
During the first week, observe how he eats the food offered to him. If the animal demonstrates a good appetite and has normal stools, then the diet is gradually diversified, they find out what and in what quantity it eats more willingly, that is, they set the daily feeding rate.
The abrupt transition from one food to another leads to indigestion. During an upset stomach, instead of water, give oat or rice broth, as well as a weak solution of potassium permanganate (one crystal per half a liter of water) until the droppings become formed.
During quarantine, it is recommended to conduct bacteriological and parasitological examination of animal feces in the bacteriological laboratory of the veterinary clinic twice (at intervals of a week).
After quarantine, a healthy animal is placed in a common cage with other animals; sick. kept in isolation until complete recovery. Perhaps the doctor will not be able to say something definite, especially if not so much time has passed since the moment of infection and external signs have not yet made themselves felt. In this case, it is best to observe the animals for 6-8 days.
Signs of guinea pig disease:
– changes in behavior that are not inherent in character;
– lies with closed eyes;
– shortness of breath;
– increased thirst;
– tousled, sticky coat;
– wool falls out easily with a light touch;
– nasal discharge, runny nose;
– festering eyelids and eyes;
– the formation of ulcers on the skin;
– trembles with small tremors;
– frequent dry or loose stools;
– convulsions and paralysis;
– the presence of small blood-sucking (fleas, lice).
A sick animal seeks to retire, hide, lie down.
In some cases, a guinea pig can be helped with the help of a veterinarian, but, as a rule, the law works: the animal does not get sick, the animal dies.
If you are sure there is nowhere to get an infectious disease, but animal stool is a concern, give your guinea pig raw potatoes. it contains starch. For greater effect, let it nibble on the peeled galangal root or pomegranate rind. From medicines, phthalazole (it fixes) and etazole (relieves inflammation) can be advised, 1/8 tablet 2 times a day.
In a small amount of water, you can add 2-3 drops of potassium permanganate (potassium permanganate) until a slightly pink solution is formed.
Place tree twigs or wooden sticks in the guinea pig’s cage, do not get carried away by soft food for the animal. His incisors need work, otherwise the teeth will begin to grow and the animal may die of hunger.
The life expectancy of guinea pigs is 8-10 years. Usually, guinea pigs are very immune to infections, and they rarely get sick. However, if you notice anything causing concern in your pet’s health, it is your responsibility to seek immediate advice from your veterinarian. Only he will be able to properly recognize a possible serious illness.
Most of the diseases that threaten guinea pigs fall into one of five categories: genetic defects; diseases caused by improper feeding or m; infectious diseases caused by bacteria or viruses; diseases transmitted by parasites; mechanical injuries.
I will not delve into the problems of genetic (congenital) diseases here, since they always manifest themselves in the form of external physical disabilities or abnormal behavior, with which nothing can be done. The most common of these in guinea pigs are epilepsy, lack of eyes and extra fingers. Suppose, however, that you are a healthy and normal animal. In such a situation, we are more interested in ailments that can occur due to inappropriate feeding or inappropriate living conditions. The first step in such a situation should always be to establish the cause of the disease and correct mistakes in their actions.
Fodder deficiencies. Although commercially available ready-to-eat feed mixtures are usually sufficient for most animals, it unfortunately happens that many guinea pigs show symptoms of certain nutritional deficiencies. The most common is probably vitamin C deficiency, although it rarely becomes acute enough to cause overt symptoms. Therefore, one must constantly be aware of this threat, realizing that a lack of vitamin C weakens the body’s natural immune system and increases the likelihood of illness.
Signs of labor
- before giving birth, the guinea pig becomes restless, frightened of all sounds, chases the male, whom they did not manage to put in another cage;
- a pregnant female, 3-4 days before giving birth, intensively builds a nest, often washes and cleans the fur, insulates the nesting house or box with hay and wool;
- shortly before giving birth, the female becomes inactive, refuses to eat;
- a week before childbirth, an expansion of the pelvis is observed, in the body of the female the birth canal is prepared for the movement of the cubs along them;
- before and during childbirth, the guinea pig is very thirsty and consumes a huge amount of water;
- you can understand that a guinea pig is giving birth by the characteristic groans that the female publishes during labor.
What to do if a guinea pig has given birth to piglets
If the guinea pig is happily cute babies, you need to create decent conditions for the recuperation of mom and the growth of newborn offspring.
It is better to feed pregnant guinea pigs with balanced pelleted feeds; with separate feeding, the animal eats only tidbits, as a result of which all the nutrients necessary for the fruit do not enter the body. The amount of pelleted food should be given according to the instructions on the package, usually about 1 tablespoon per day. An increase in the amount of combined feed consumed is fraught with the development of obesity. Changing pellets during pregnancy should be done gradually, giving several feeds a day, increasing the daily dosage throughout the week.
Pregnant females should be fed fresh, high-quality hay, it is recommended to give timothy or garden hay with a green color and a pleasant smell. It is highly not recommended to use moldy, wet or dark hay to feed the expectant mother to exclude the development of gastrointestinal disorders and poisoning. It is recommended for expectant mothers to give alfalfa hay every day, which contains an increased amount of protein and calcium, which is necessary for the proper development of fetuses.
A pregnant female drinks a lot during pregnancy and childbirth, several drinkers with clean drinking water can be installed in the cage.
Vitamins and minerals
The body of a pregnant guinea pig needs additional introduction to the diet of special supplements containing ascorbic acid and calcium.
It is forbidden to feed a pregnant female with radishes, beets, cabbage, green tomatoes, potatoes and citrus fruits, sorrel, nightshade, ferns, lily of the valley leaves, geraniums.
Cleaning the cage
After labor is over, it is necessary to remove the dirty litter and dead cubs, being careful not to touch the live babies.
The presence of water and food in the cage
Babies, repeating after their mother, begin to try rough adult feed and hay from the 2nd day of their life. Drinkers should contain sufficient water for the lactating female and her brood.
7 Guinea Pig Illnesses That Don’t Require A Vet!
The kid is trying to eat adult food on the second day
A day after giving birth, it is recommended to carry out a daily control weighing of each baby, normally the weight of a piglet is about 70-100 g. The first three days the cubs lose weight, by the 5th day there is an increased increase.
Mandatory procedure. weight control of newborn pigs
Signs and preparation for upcoming labor in a guinea pig
The owner of a pregnant guinea pig is advised to prepare in advance for the birth of newborn piglets.
A perfectly healthy guinea pig can consume a huge amount of various foods per day, but it so happens that the animal suddenly loses its appetite. Feeding the animal is carried out 2 times a day with succulent feed, on average 1 tablespoon of dry food per day and the constant presence of hay in the rodent’s dwelling is mandatory.
Often, people who have had pets such as cats or dogs in the past do not respond in a timely manner to a guinea pig’s refusal to eat. Such negligence often ends in the death of a rodent. guinea pigs should not go hungry for a single day! This is how their digestive system works. According to the standards of treatment adopted in Europe, a guinea pig that has not received food for a day is euthanized. regardless of the original reason for the “hunger strike”. It is believed that during this time irreversible changes have already occurred in the intestines, and the animal will not be able to recover. But a day is quite a bit.
With a prolonged absence of roughage in pigs, the intestinal microflora is disturbed, which causes enteritis (inflammation). Severe diarrhea can kill the animal.
In the complete absence of any food at all, the work of the intestines stops. Mumps dies with signs of bloating.
It is widely believed that guinea pigs lack intestinal peristalsis, supposedly the food eaten pushes the previous portion further. This is not entirely true, there is no mechanical pushing of the food bolus. New food simply stimulates the food nerves, causing peristalsis. During a hunger strike, the conduction of these nerves is disrupted, and the intestines cannot contract. Because of this initiated peristalsis, the “point of no return” that veterinarians in Europe are aware of does exist. The period during which the pig should receive at least some food is the time it takes for the food to pass through the long (more than 2 meters) digestive tract. Taking into account eating feces. 8-16 hours.
The appetite of a guinea pig may be absent for a variety of reasons:
- Teeth have grown unnecessarily, which causes inconvenience and even pain for the pig.
- Diseases of internal organs (stomach, intestines).
- Poor quality food.
- Serious illness, such as oncology.
- Oral problems (sore gums, inflammation in the larynx).
- Hot climate.
- Internal and external parasites.
Anterior incisors in a guinea pig
This condition requires immediate intervention by a rodentologist. The fact is that the digestive system of guinea pigs is designed in such a way that if the animal does not receive food for 18 hours, then the intestines begin to atrophy gradually, the motility slows down and stops altogether, and this will ultimately lead to the death of the pig.
The appetite of a guinea pig rarely disappears on its own.
The pig does not drink water. What to do?
The guinea pig that you just brought home may not eat with you, as it needs to adapt, and it will eat at night or in your absence, observe its behavior.
In addition, a pet that is losing weight (or piglets that cannot eat on its own) are also at risk. Guinea pigs are particularly vulnerable due to their need for vitamin C and their tendency to develop ketosis. Irreversible ketosis can develop in guinea pigs despite re-feeding.
Diseases of guinea pigs
Causes of anorexia:
- Diet changes
- Large fluctuation in temperature
- Water scarcity
- Loss of a cellmate
- Aggressive cage mates who are not allowed to eat
- Dental problems.
- Food changes (foods that are too hard or bitter, or a poorly designed diet)
- Loss of smell
- Lacerated mouth wounds
- Infectious diseases (such as pneumonia)
- Metabolic disorders such as vitamin C deficiency or renal failure
- Using pain relievers can lead to anorexia
If your guinea pig has been prescribed antibiotics, such as Baytril, and she stops eating, you need to notify your veterinarian so that he or she reconsiders the treatment regimen. Pigs may have individual intolerance to certain antibiotics.
The most common causes of anorexia are illness (eg, bacterial respiratory infections), malocclusion, antibiotic intolerance, pain, and sometimes loss of a cage mate.
The guinea pig does not eat
Why doesn’t the guinea pig eat anything??
Most often, certain diseases contribute to this. There are a lot of accompanying symptoms, for example:
- Watery eyes.
- Firm belly.
- Increased gas formation.
- Excessively long teeth.
- Gum neoplasms.
- Apathetic behavior, in rare cases, aggression.
- Intense thirst.
- Hunched back.
- Hair in patches, bald patches and bald patches.
- Increased body temperature.
- Loose stools, constipation.
- Lack of urination.
There are a lot of accompanying symptoms, many can mean the same disease. This means that even the most attentive owner can get confused and prescribe incorrect treatment to the pet. It is even possible that the pet simply does not like the food offered by the owners. If so, try offering him something else. However, a complete refusal to eat signals a disease.
If the guinea pig refuses food or does not eat hay, preferring treats, the animal should be shown to a rodent specialist. a ratologist as soon as possible. Unfortunately, a veterinarian of such a narrow qualification is not in every city, and if there is, he does not receive it every day, but, for example, on Wednesday and Friday by appointment. The pet does not choose the time when to get sick.
In order for the pig to survive until the doctor’s examination and have a chance to recover, it should not starve. If the animal does not want or cannot eat, it must be force-fed.
Guinea pigs are very susceptible to lack of food for a long time, moreover, they can die without food. Force feeding is recommended. if the pig does not eat for more than 8 hours. But it is better to start as soon as possible, in this case, the likelihood that the animal will recover faster is great. Feeding options:
- Baby fruit or vegetable puree is no more than 1/5 of the total diet (in no case take what is with prunes!).
- Soaked feed in herbal granules.
- Hercules porridge on water or wheat bran porridge.
- You can use baby dairy-free porridge (guinea pigs should never eat animal products).
- Finely grated vegetables such as pumpkin or carrots. Give vegetables in this form only if the pig cannot bite off on its own, but is able to eat small pieces. This happens with regrowth of teeth or loss, breakage of the front incisors.
Ultimately, any mixture you are going to give your pet should be in the form of a liquid puree. Insulin syringes can be purchased for easier feeding. For more comfort, it is recommended to cut the narrow nose.
This is necessary so that the porridge or granules can easily enter the pig’s mouth. If you give your pet granules and rolled oats, then they should be steamed with warm water. There are currently a variety of infant formula on the market, however, this option is not suitable for an adult guinea pig, as it contains milk.
Sick guinea pigs need an increased dosage of vitamin C. If you do not give her the vegetable mixture, or the pet refuses to eat it, then it is recommended to add about a pinch of ascorbic powder to the puree per day. Or drink 1 ml of vitamin C in liquid form from ampoules.
Be sure to monitor the consistency of the mixture. You can give it in unlimited quantities, starting from 5-15 (20) ml. You need to feed every 2-3 hours during the day. 80-100 ml of the mixture per day is relied on per kg of body weight of the pig. If the animal is able to eat more, then it is better not to limit it in this, since during the illness, guinea pigs tend to lose weight.
The pig does not eat pellets. What to do?
Not a single pig did not start eating grass granules immediately after grain mixtures. Because they taste herbal, they can go without sweeteners, flavors, dyes (but not in all cases), solid. Some mumps started eating pellets after a month or more. In this matter, only your perseverance, patience and nothing else play an important role. If he wants to eat, he will eat. At the same time, of course, you need to give hay and bitumen unlimitedly, because this is the basis of nutrition. Feed. high-calorie supplement.
Important! Dry food can be given no more than 1 tablespoon per day!
But some owners ignore this, believing that since they switched to “good, wholesome food”, it means that a lot of pellets can be given. A huge delusion!
In principle, there are no good and healthy dry food, because it is generally the most unnatural food. The composition of feed, even seemingly herbal granules, often includes garbage, including the cheapest ingredients, cheap flour, processing and waste of the human food industry: pomace from juices, in the case of granules, the mixture is interfered with from rotten cheap grain, rancid seeds, dried to the state of cardboard, rotten dried fruits. All this is flavored with dyes, flavoring agents, flavors, synthetic vitamins. Solid harm.
Pigs die on dry food. Over the years, they acquire a sea of diseases, which, sometimes, are too late to heal. The digestive tract of a domestic pig is no different from the digestive tract of a wild one. Greens, herbs, vegetables, branches, berries, fruits, hay are suitable for them.
Even 1 tablespoon of feed reduces hay consumption by 30%. Hot-pressed pellets swell in the stomach. This is an illustrative experience. They are also devoid of structure, since at best they consist only of grass flour. It is pressed, a loss of vitamins and moisture occurs. To return the vitamins, the granules are dipped in a vitamin solution. But these vitamins are already synthetic, that is, they are devoid of secondary, plant substances, which generally make a vitamin a vitamin. In addition, preservatives are often added to the granules so that they do not grow moldy, flavor enhancers, flavors, sugars to make the animal addictive.
Often times, the pellets are not made of only grass. Grind and press into granules grain and waste from the production of juices and canned vegetables (then on the pack it is indicated: vegetable offal).
If a guinea pig reacts to juicy food with bloating, diarrhea, this means that its intestinal flora is already disturbed. Many people face this problem when they want to transfer pigs to natural food. A large amount of carbohydrates in dry food leads to a shift in the balance among gram-positive bacteria in the gut of the guinea pig. As a result, she is very sensitive to changes in diet, even if the food is healthy. This is a dangerous signal. And the further the feed becomes part of the diet, the more serious problems with the gastrointestinal tract (with teeth too) will be in the future.
The harm of feed has been proven both grain and granulated. Useful. this is exclusively natural food: grass, hay, herbs, vegetables, fruits, berries, branches. Everything else, by and large, is replacing the sewn with soap.
Causes not related to disease
Refusal to eat is not always a symptom of a particular disease. Sometimes the guinea pig does not eat because it is in a bad mood or is depressed.
Very often, the animal refuses to eat after the death of a partner or friend. Severe emotional stress can cause fasting throughout the day. Some animals are quite picky about food and the reason for refusing to eat may be poor-quality or stale food, monotonous food or something that the animal simply does not like. Sometimes guinea pigs refuse to feed if the breeder adds something new and unusual for the animal.
Another reason why a pet stopped eating and drinking can be a sharp change in the weather and temperature in the room. In all these cases, the animal does not show any signs of anxiety, lethargy, internal discomfort and does not seek to avoid contact with the owner. The animal should be given time, change food and water, offer your favorite delicacy. Most often, this is enough and the habitual appetite returns within a short time.
Another reason for the animal to refuse food is the onset of estrus. Some females on the first day of estrus may be anxious and not eat. Before giving birth, females can also refuse food and even the most favorite treats. This is due to the special structure of the body and preparation for the reproductive process. Most often, the female stops eating roughage a day before giving birth, and a few hours before they may stop paying attention to juicy food.
Diseases of the teeth
Very often, the reason that the guinea pig stopped eating and drinking is dental and oral diseases. The most common problem is insufficient cutting of the cutters. This happens because there is too little coarse and solid food in the animal’s diet and the teeth grow too large and sharp. The result is an inability to eat and drink normally, as well as painful wounds on the inner surface of the cheeks and gums. If the incisors are too long, contact your veterinarian.
The procedure for filing the incisors does not take long and is not painful, and the animal feels noticeable relief almost immediately.
Malocclusion is another problem. It can be congenital or acquired. If the guinea pig is born with an irregular bite, then you should regularly visit the doctor for cutting and trimming the teeth. If the bite has deteriorated as a result of trauma or tooth breakage, then the situation can be corrected in just one or two procedures of cutting teeth and wearing a special supporting bandage. The following symptoms give out a problem with teeth:
- The pig does not eat solid pellets,
- The animal carefully chooses the smallest pieces from the offered food.,
- Profuse salivation,
- The animal lost weight in a short time,
- The guinea pig chews food only on one side of the jaw,
- The guinea pig is constantly chewing something, although the food in the feeder is almost untouched.
- Bowel disease
Dental problems often lead to diseases of the digestive system. And if after visiting the veterinarian and dental procedures the appetite has not returned to the animal, the reason should be sought in diseases of the stomach and intestines. This is most often due to the fact that sick teeth do not allow the guinea pig to chew food well, which means that the load on the stomach increases. Hence, constipation and diarrhea appear. However, constipation or diarrhea can be caused by poor quality food or water, stress, lack of movement, intestinal parasites.
If a guinea pig gets a cold, it can also lead to diarrhea. With loose stools, an injection of Catosal helps well. Usually one milliliter is sufficient. After two hours, it is recommended to give a second injection. a milliliter of vitamin C, two milliliters of glucose and the same amount of saline. This vitamin formula can help manage dehydration and support the body.
Parasites can be found by examining the animal’s feces. Most often, the eggs of the worms come out with the feces. Most intestinal parasites are well handled by Dirofen paste, Prazicid and Shustrik preparation, developed specifically for rodents.
Constipation is also a common reason that the pig has stopped eating and drinking. It can be determined by the absence of feces in the cage, the tense see of the animal, constant pushing and a hard tummy. Constipation is treated by injecting petroleum jelly or linseed oil into the animal’s mouth with a syringe, two milliliters every four hours. Sometimes breeders do not know what to do if constipation is accompanied by pain. Constipation pain is an additional severe stress that further weakens the animal’s body. Cope with pain and alleviate the condition of the animal can be the drug Mekatam, which must be given to the guinea pig in the amount of two to five drops twice a day. Sometimes for constipation, Ringer-Locke is also prescribed, which is injected subcutaneously.
The common cold is another common reason a guinea pig doesn’t eat anything. Colds are especially common in the autumn-winter period. The first symptoms. the animal does not eat or drink, breathes heavily, becomes lethargic, a cough and a runny nose appear. A common cold lasts no more than five days, but if it is not treated, it can lead to the death of the animal.
Colds are treated with sulfa drugs: sulfazine or sulfadimezine in a dosage of 0.1 grams of the drug per kilogram of the animal’s weight three times a day. Antibiotics are best used only as a last resort and used in conjunction with probiotics to maintain the delicate intestinal microflora. It is important to continue using sulfonamide after the temperature has subsided and noticeable improvements are observed. If the animal has a severe runny nose, you can blow streptocide powder into the nose. And an infusion or a decoction of nettle leaves helps with coughs. For the entire period of treatment, the animal is provided with complete rest and a diet rich in vitamins.
Why the guinea pig refuses to eat
Guinea pigs are constantly on the move and are constantly chewing something. The chewing process is necessary to grind down the long incisors that are common in all rodents. Fresh juicy feed and grass should be kept in the trough at all times. If the animal refuses to eat, this may be a symptom of a serious illness caused not only by dental problems, but also by internal disorders.
The active activity of skin parasites also leads to the fact that the guinea pig does not eat well. Severe itching caused by fleas, lice and ticks causes not only loss of appetite, but also severe stress. If the infection is strong, the animal can die in a few days. You can determine the type of parasite by skin scraping in a veterinary clinic.
And the first and most important symptoms of their appearance:
- The appearance of scratching,
- Refusal to eat,
- Hair loss,
- The appearance of receding hairline with reddened skin.
Almost all types of parasites are easily cured with a ten-day course of Ivermekit. During treatment, it is necessary to remember that the cage, house and all feeders and drinkers must be thoroughly rinsed with chlorine-containing preparations.
If the scraping revealed dandruff, Nizoral shampoo will do well with it. Also shampoo will help against lice and lice.
The animal must be processed twice at intervals of 10.14 days. Washing for a pig is a lot of stress, so you should be careful and after water procedures wipe the animal dry and dry the fur under a hairdryer.
Bloating of the stomach and intestines in domestic rodents occurs against the background of fermentation processes in the gastrointestinal tract. Pathology is dangerous by rupture of the wall of the stomach or intestines with accumulated gases with the development of peritonitis and instant death. The disease occurs when animals are fed a large amount of moist green grass or root crops. Fermentation can be caused by:
- spoiled hay;
- poisonous plants;
- poor quality water.
Sometimes bloating is a symptom of an infectious disease. A sick animal completely refuses food and water. He becomes depressed and inactive, sits or lies in one position, breathes heavily. His eyeballs are enlarged. The rodent grinds its teeth, when tapping the abdomen, soreness and drumming sound.
Pathology of the gastrointestinal tract
Disorders of the gastrointestinal tract in guinea pigs occurs when there is a violation of feeding furry pets or infectious diseases, most often in domestic rodents there are:
What to do if your guinea pig stops eating or drinking
Guinea pigs have a good appetite and good mood. A healthy animal always chews something, happily rushes to the offered treat and the hands of its beloved owner. If the guinea pig does not eat or drink, it becomes drowsy and lethargic, then the little pet is sick. During the waking period, he does not move, refuses delicacies and fun games with a person. Lack of appetite and lethargy are a symptom of many infectious and non-infectious diseases in rodents. If the guinea pig does not eat, you need to contact a specialist as soon as possible who will diagnose and prescribe treatment.
What to do with constipation in a guinea pig?
The first aid is vaseline oil, which must be given to the fluffy patient to drink every three hours. After that, you need to massage his stomach. You can put a micro enema Microlax on a small pet. Injecting 2 ml of a laxative into the animal’s rectum should help the pet. It is imperative to feed the guinea pig with fractionally milled hay. It is necessary to drink water with probiotics.
What to do with dental diseases in guinea pigs?
Treatment of dental diseases is carried out in a veterinary clinic, where, after examination and X-ray examination, the specialist grinds the incisors, trimming the hooks, polishing the teeth and irrigating the oral cavity with antiseptic solutions in case of stomatitis and gingivitis.
Why did the guinea pig become lethargic, stopped eating and drinking
Sometimes a cunning animal refuses to eat in the hope of getting favorite treats, but most often a lack of appetite signals the presence of pathologies in the body of a little friend.
fluffy rodents in a room with an air temperature above 18C or in direct sunlight is dangerous due to overheating of the animal’s body, in which the nervous, respiratory and cardiovascular systems are disrupted. Prolonged overheating of a guinea pig is often the cause of the sudden death of a loved one. With pathology, the fluffy rodent becomes depressed, refuses food and water, rapid breathing and heartbeat are observed, loss of consciousness, impaired coordination and convulsions, pallor of the tongue and mucous membranes.
Overheating guinea pig does not eat and may lose consciousness
With a change of scenery, sharp cries, intrusive attention of a person and pets, or fear, guinea pigs completely refuses food and water, lethargy, depression and hair loss are observed. Severe fright is fraught with the development of a heart attack or stroke in an emotional animal, which may die on the spot.
What to do if a guinea pig does not eat well and has lost weight
A healthy animal has an appropriate appetite. It is active and constantly wants to chew something. Feeding takes place 2-3 times a day. With a loss of appetite, people do not immediately pay attention to this and it is very in vain. If the guinea pig does not eat or drink, this is the first sign that something is wrong with it. over, a complete refusal of food can quickly end in death.
The pet’s digestive system is designed so that it cannot starve for more than one day. At the same time, irreversible changes occur in the intestine, which will not allow the animal to get out of the disease. Euthanasia or a good death is often recommended in Europe. In other words, the animal is simply euthanized painlessly.
Danger of refusing to eat
If the guinea pig stops eating, the function and intestinal microflora is disrupted. Inflammation and severe diarrhea sets in, leading to death. A complete refusal to eat leads to a stoppage of the intestines, the stomach swells and the pet dies.
With a prolonged absence of food, the nerve endings of the digestive organs are disturbed and even die off. In this state, food stops moving because it is these nerves that signal the stomach to contract. With a complete lack of food, the point of no return occurs after 16 hours.
Reasons for refusing food
The most common reasons why a guinea pig does not eat well and lose weight are:
- Dysfunction of teeth grinding, as a result of which they grow too long.
- Diseases of the digestive system.
- Poor or unwashed food.
- Refusal to eat can be a consequence of serious illness.
- Oral problems.
- Hot climate.
- Internal and external parasites.
If the guinea pig has stopped eating, immediately contact a qualified specialist. Rodentologist can determine the cause.
Refusal of water
Some owners mistakenly believe that the pet cannot learn how to use the drinker. But for a pet, this is a fairly simple task. The pig will not die of dehydration if there is water in the cage.
Common reasons why a guinea pig doesn’t drink water:
- There is enough moisture in the diet coming from grass, herbs, vegetables;
- Drinker suspended too high. The animal does not have to lift its head to get drunk.
- Check the drinker for working order. The ball may have stopped letting water through.
- The water is stale or not potable.
- The guinea pig has stopped drinking because she is accustomed to a bowl and refuses to drink or vice versa.
- The pet is sick or stressed.
The guinea pig does not just refuse to eat. This is a symptom of a dysfunction of the body. Most often caused by illness. Check your pet for additional symptoms:
- Watery eyes.
- Hard or distended belly.
- Increased gas formation.
- Too long teeth.
- Gum neoplasms.
- Lethargic behavior or excessive aggression.
- Intense thirst.
- Hunched back.
- Hair in patches, bald patches and bald patches.
- Weakness and apathy.
- Increased body temperature.
- Diarrhea or constipation.
- Lack of urination.
There can be a lot of symptoms, these are only the most common. It is easy to get confused in them and prescribe the wrong treatment. Better to go to your veterinarian right away. If the animal begins to eat less, it may just not like the food.
First aid and treatment
Show the animal to the ratologist urgently. You need to quickly find out the cause and prescribe the correct treatment. A doctor of this qualification is not in every city, and does not always accept. The pet has at most 16 hours. Therefore, you need to be able to feed your guinea pig artificially. Forced feeding begins when the hunger strike lasts more than 8 hours. There are several feeding options:
- Baby fruit or vegetable puree without prunes. A serving is 20% of the usual diet.
- Soaked feed in herbal granules.
- Wheat bran porridge or oatmeal on water will do.
- You can use baby porridge without milk.
- If the animal cannot bite off, you need to grate vegetables, for example, pumpkin or carrots, on a fine grater.
Feed your pet through a needleless insulin syringe with a trimmed tip. Thus, food will enter the intestines, albeit in a small dose. You can add a little ascorbic acid to increase vitamin C in the body. Feed every 3 hours. Even if after a few days the guinea pig began to eat on its own, show it to the doctor as soon as possible.
Refusal of water
In nature, guinea pigs rarely drink, as they receive moisture from their juicy fruits. In home conditions, pets consume more water, since dry food is introduced into the diet. But if the animal eats fresh fruits in large quantities, then its need for water decreases.
The reason for refusing water may be a non-ergonomic location of the drinker or a malfunction of the water supply mechanism.
Also, if the water is stale or has a taste, the pet will refuse to drink it.
Water failure can be caused by changing the drinker.
If the guinea pig has stopped eating and drinking, then this may be a symptom of a serious illness. Then the pet needs to be shown to the doctor.
Danger of refusing to eat
Digestion of guinea pigs is a fine-tuned mechanism. All health problems affect the digestive tract. The intestines of pigs are 2 meters long. It takes up to 7 days for food to travel this path. And if the pet stops eating, then the intestines stop. The guinea pig is losing weight. The food inside begins to ferment and rot, which causes inflammation. The body gets rid of unprocessed food through diarrhea. For this, the body of the animal directs all the water that is in the body for cleaning. If there is not enough water, then rotting food remains in the body, which leads to the death of the animal.
Signs Your Guinea Pig Is Sick
Veterinarians say mumps cannot fast for more than 16 hours. If during this time the intestinal upset is not eliminated, then the nerve endings of the digestive system will die off. This means that the intestines no longer fulfill their function, and this will lead to the death of the animal.
If the pig eats food poorly, then other symptoms may indicate the presence of a serious illness:
- gas formation;
- changes in behavior;
- arched back;
- violation of the hairline;
- bowel disorders;
- complete absence of urination.
It is also worth paying attention if the pig has lost a lot of weight. This symptom can be caused by various reasons, which can be found out by the veterinarian.
What to do if a guinea pig eats or drinks poorly and is very thin
Guinea pigs love to eat. They constantly chew on grass, hay and treats provided by the owner. If the guinea pig does not eat, it means that the animal is sick and urgently needs veterinary help. Refusal to eat is a consequence of many diseases of cute rodents.
Reasons for refusing food
The reasons for not eating can vary. The pet doesn’t like a certain type of food. Or, while waiting for a treat, the animal does not want to eat its usual food. But if the animal is still active and cheerful, then it has no serious health problems. But if the animal has become lethargic, then this can be symptoms of serious health problems.
Refusal to eat can be a consequence of:
The teeth of these rodents grow all their life. If the pet does not eat well and has lost weight, then the reason may be too large incisors. The teeth injure the oral cavity, which causes painful sensations. Therefore, eating food is unpleasant for the animal. For natural grinding of teeth, the pet is fed solid food or bought a salt stone.
An abundance of dry food and a lack of solid and juicy fiber leads to digestive problems. Stagnation of food in the body can lead to serious consequences. If the animal has stopped eating, its belly is inflated and dense, then it is urgent to show the pet to the veterinarian.
With colds, the rodent refuses to eat, becomes lethargic, does not respond to stimuli, the body temperature is elevated. In this case, the animal needs to be provided with comfortable conditions, given water to drink and taken to the veterinarian.
Diseases of an infectious nature are dangerous to animals. In addition to refusing to eat, the animal stops drinking, loses weight, they have discharge from the nose, eyes, vomiting and convulsions. At the first signs of a viral disease, the mumps must be isolated from other animals and taken to a veterinary clinic.
The guinea pig has lost weight, but eats well, this may be due to parasites. Parasites can also infect an infectious disease. To get rid of them, it is necessary to give anti-flea and antihelminthic drugs. For prophylaxis, pets are treated 1-2 times a year.
First aid and treatment
If the guinea pig does not eat or drink, then it is necessary to determine the cause of its behavior by additional symptoms. If there are additional symptoms, the pet must be urgently shown to the ratologist. Ratologist is a narrow specialization, therefore, a specialist in this area does not work in every veterinary clinic. It is recommended to attend to the search for a ratologist in advance. If there is no opportunity to show the pet to the veterinarian at the right time, and the pet does not eat for several days, then it is necessary to support the pet’s strength. For this, baby food based on plant foods without milk, soaked food for guinea pigs, boiled rolled oats and bran, grated vegetables are suitable. Feeding is administered using a syringe without a needle. Patient portions should be one fifth of the normal menu. It is useful to add ascorbic acid to food. Animals do not produce vitamin C, so the body is often deficient in this vitamin. You need to feed your pet in this way every 3 hours.
The pet’s health is completely in the hands of the owner. Refusal to eat is the first sign that something is wrong with your pet. Attentive attitude and care for the animal will provide the pet with a comfortable life, and the owner will bring joy from communication.