home Cats How Cats Find Their Way Home

How Cats Find Their Way Home

Developed hearing

The cat’s ear has 30 muscles, which allows the animal to rotate the organ 180 degrees, capturing high frequency sounds over 60 kHz. Living in a certain area, a cat catches and remembers a sound landmark in the form of road noise, honking of cars, trains, industrial enterprises. Even being several kilometers away from home, the cat recognizes distant familiar sounds that a person cannot hear at a distant distance. This allows the cat to find his way home.

Visual observation

Cats have a special eye structure, due to which they see well at night, distinguish between ultraviolet and infrared images. Pets are distinguished by developed peripheral vision, which is why, even looking forward, the animal captures all landmarks. The cat’s eye is very sensitive to light, which allows the pet to see with an amount of light 6 times better than not only humans, but also night vision devices can distinguish. This helps avoid danger and cats come from afar if lost or taken away.

How cats find their way home. 3 main animal helpers for orientation in space

If the cat ran away and went on a spree, or just got lost during the move or the owners’ vacation, there is a chance that he will return. Sight, hearing and smell help the cat to return home. There are theories of specialists who believe that the memory of a cat and its ability to navigate in the environment due to the sense of magnetic fields are of great importance.

cats, find, their, home

What helps the cat home?

A small kitten is unlikely to return, since he has not yet formed an attachment to the place and the owner. In addition, the baby is just getting to know the world around him and cannot, among the abundance of sounds and smells, navigate where “mine” and someone else’s, cannot avoid dangers. A neutered cat can find its way home, since neutering does not reduce sensory acuity. If a lost pet managed to avoid dangers in the form of cars, dogs, unkind people, the following physiological features help to get to its home abode:

  • Vision;
  • Hearing;
  • Sense of smell;
  • Memory.

What experts say?

There are 250 million neurons in the brain of a cat, which provides the pet with a good memory, which is divided into short and long-term. Kittens, who have never communicated with people aged 2 weeks to 2 months, do not trust the person and do not return if they were forcibly taken into the house and run away. Adult cats remember for a long time the place and room in which they lived, accompanying smells and sounds. When the nerve cells are activated, the pet is able to remember what was in the past and returns after a year or more.

Scientists’ opinion

Experts conducted experiments when they tried to take the animals away from their usual place of residence, but the lost cat was still able to find its way back. This is due to the animal’s sensitivity to electromagnetic fields. Any changes and fluctuations in the force fields are captured by the cat and allow you to navigate in remote areas. Scientists suggest that iron, which is saturated with cat tissues, helps the pet to go a long distance and find its home. When experimental scientists attached a piece of magnet to the body of a cat, he was less able to navigate.

Smell (scent)

A cat’s nose contains 200 million olfactory cells, thanks to which the animal captures an enormous amount of odors that are inaccessible to humans. With the help of its sense of smell, the cat “reads” information left by other animals on the territory, or picks up specific smells of technology, chemicals. In the sky, near the front teeth of cats, there is a Jacobson organ through which the pet tastes smells and remembers them. Thanks to this landmark, animals find their way home.

Psychics

In their opinion, cats are a clot of energy that communicates with the owner through sounds and touches, as well as on a telepathic level. When a pet is lost, the owner is very worried, a special strong energy emanates from him, he wants the kitty to return home. Presumably, therefore, even at a decent distance, the cat feels the owner’s grief, his call, which is considered a landmark for her to return.

What scientists and experiments claim

Experimental studies and studies of the structure of the brain of cats have not been able to give an exact answer as to why cats return home. There are only hypotheses based on the experience of professional breeders and amateur owners.

If you believe the ideas about the orientation of pets in space, they cannot get lost.

They are not looking for a suitable road, knowing the right direction in advance.

Evidence-based experiments. Numerous tests with cats can be cited as evidence. The pets were taken up to 5 km from the house to places unfamiliar to the animal, not giving them the opportunity to look at the road from the car. After they released and watched the reaction of the animal.

First of all, the cats examined the area and identified the sources of possible danger. Making sure they were safe, they chose the right direction to the house with the shortest route. However, this was not the road along which the cats were brought to the checkpoint.

Assumptions. Scientists have put together a number of versions that explain how cats find owners:

The hypotheses of the researchers, despite the experiments being carried out, cannot be scientifically proven. Therefore, one cannot absolutely believe the theories. By the structure of the central nervous system, it is impossible to determine how keenly cats sense smells, perceive sounds or visible images.

Also watch the video of how lost cats find their way home:

Notable cases of cats returning

Unlike studies and versions, there are reliable stories that cats after years and many kilometers are able to find their way home in ways unknown to man:

  • The most popular phenomenon was the Chapa cat. The pet traveled 1,500 km in search of the owner and home. When the animal was transported during the journey from the Sverdlovsk region in Russia to the shores of the Black Sea, Chapa was lost. The owners overlooked the active fidget who got carried away by something on the way and did not stay in the car. Despite the fact that the cat was lost, he returned earlier than his owners. By the time the owners returned from the trip, Chapa was waiting for them faithfully at the door.
  • A pet named Semyon covered a greater distance. He got lost, where the Sinishins’ family arrived from Murmansk in 1987 and stopped to rest during the trip. The cat returned to his hometown to the owners after 6 years. He was emaciated and tired, but he recognized the owners who took him home. As a sign of loyalty to a pet in Murmansk, a bronze monument weighing 120 kg was erected. a bench with the pet’s nickname and a fat cat with a knot on its shoulder.
  • A similar story happened in the United States. The owner of a cat named Thomas could not quench her thirst for adventure. Usually, when traveling, a woman was not accompanied by a pet, but when deciding to go for a walk in the mountains there was no one to leave him with. The owner quickly made the decision to take the animal with her. As a result, for the first time outside the city, the cat ran away to the nearest parking lot. The search was unsuccessful and the trip continued. After 7 months, the pet returned on its own, having covered about 500 km.

Cats are independent animals. Despite the fact that pets run away from home for daily walks, they are not lost and always return to their owners on time.

One of the strangest and most mysterious things in nature is the ability of some animals to return home sometimes from the most remote places.

How do they do it?

Among pets, cats are absolute record holders in orienteering. They more often than dogs and birds return to their own doorstep. over, yard murks are much more capable than apartment ones. How do they do it?

Several years ago, German scientists conducted a series of experiments on cats’ ability to orientate. To begin with, the animals were placed in closed boxes and taken around the city along a confusing route. Then the animals were taken out of the city, where a large labyrinth was arranged with 24 exits in different directions, like the marking of a compass. Above, the labyrinth was closed so that cats could not see either day or night lights. After that, the animals were placed in turn in the labyrinth and they were given the opportunity to wander through it until they chose the desired exit. In 98% of cases, the cat came out clearly in the direction of its own house.!

The experiment was duplicated by zoologists in the United States. Just for “loyalty” the cats on their way to the maze were put to sleep with sleeping pills to exclude the possibility of “memorizing” turns. But in this case, most of the moors confidently chose the right direction to the house.

And the scientists concluded: Murkas have extraordinary sensitivity to the Earth’s magnetic field, which allows them to find their way unmistakably. This is due to iron particles that are part of the animal’s tissues and form a kind of internal compass in them.

The correctness of the conclusions was also confirmed by a subsequent experiment. cats began to wander when a powerful magnet was attached to their body.

In England, one cat returned home after running 70 km through a wooded area, the journey took 3 weeks. In Holland, the cat walked 150 km in five months, in the state of Georgia (USA) a cat returned after 320 km, and in France a record of 700 km was registered. the cat overcame it in seven months.

Dogs rely on hearing and smell

Unfortunately, dogs are worse off than birds and cats. Most likely, scientists believe, the too strong domestication of dogs is to blame. A lost or abandoned dog behaves similarly to a person in the same situation: stupidly running back and forth, experiencing fear and stress. This situation is especially true for urban dogs, which are hopelessly lost literally a kilometer from home, and for them there is not the slightest chance to master on their own. Rural dogs are more independent, but also do not shine with special abilities, their limit is a distance of up to 10-15 km.

How do dogs navigate? First, they are helped by an excellent sense of smell. the winds carry odors for many hundreds of kilometers. Sometimes the dog’s nose picks up familiar components, and the dog “gets up” on the trail. Acute hearing also helps. the work of large objects such as power plants and factories can be heard by animals from tens of kilometers away. Therefore, finding a familiar smell or sound, the dogs run in his direction, very afraid of losing him. And this is what prevents them from getting home. the animals carried away by the trail do not notice either highways or highways.

True, it happens in another way. For example, Labrador Archie lost his owner at a busy train station in the capital of Scotland and after unsuccessful attempts to find the owner, the dog. got on the right train and got off at his stop! Police surveillance cameras recorded how the dog first rushed about in search of the owner, then went to the desired platform and entered the car without hesitation.

Birds navigate the major roads

Bird hopping is an amazing example of the ability to find your way. For example, there are sparrows that return to England from South Africa every year to build nests. Every year they fly ten thousand kilometers and do not go astray, they are helped in this by internal “compasses”. similar to those of cats.

Among domestic birds, pigeons, of course, hold the lead in orienteering. It used to be assumed that they are guided by the sun, moon and stars. Researchers at the University of Oxford have spent over 10 years studying the travel routes of pigeons using the most advanced means, such as GPS satellite navigation. It turned out that birds most often fly, following familiar highways, often making large loops after the highway where they could fly in a straight line. Scientists have found that it is easier for birds to fly in this pattern than finding their way home in any other way.

And the funniest thing is that some Italian pigeons, it turns out, have learned the layout of roads since ancient Roman times and still did not consider it necessary to retrain. For example, they fly along Via Aurelia, the oldest highway, dating back to 241 BC. E. Connecting Rome with Gaul and Spain, and prefer this route to the newer and larger A12 highway and railways.

The man failed to figure out how cats find their way to their owners. Research by zoologists confirms that pets take the right path towards home. There are stories when cats overcame 2000 km to return to their native places. This phenomenon has given rise to many theories, but not a single hypothesis has been confirmed.

This knowledge is independent of sight, hearing and smell.

The second experiment was carried out in 1954. German scientists Precht and Lindenlaub removed the cats in bags from their home and placed them in the center of a maze with six evenly spaced exits. Most of the cats did not roam the maze, but immediately chose the exit leading towards their house. At the same time, their sense of “homing” directly depended on the distance: if it was no more than 5 kilometers to the house, the cats easily chose the right exit, but at a greater distance, difficulties began to find the right direction.

Cats returned home between tests showed more accurate “homing” results than cats left in the lab between tests. But the kittens raised in the laboratory and did not go anywhere had no sense of “homing” at all!

According to scientists, all cats have the ability to “geolocate”, but it is best developed in stray cats and those who live in a private house, being able to walk freely. (By the way, studies of cats’ movements using GPS beacons have shown that cats can move up to 3 kilometers from home, but rarely further). Unfortunately, many lost cats do not return home due to external obstacles or accidents.

Domestic cats that have never left their home walls have a very low chance of going home. Their ability to “homing” disappears without proper training, but can develop again if the cat is taken to the country and allowed to walk there. But if a cat that lives six months in a country house and six months in an apartment gets lost in the city, where will she go? Unanswered question.

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And yet: if a cat can instinctively choose the right direction towards home from any unfamiliar place, then HOW does it do it? Scientists understand that neither visual memory, nor hearing, nor smell works here. Then there is only one option: cats are able to feel the earth’s magnetic fields and navigate along them.

While this is only a hypothesis, but it is indirectly confirmed by one fact: it was found that the inner ear of a cat contains iron. This means that a cat’s ears can have a mechanism that works like a natural compass.

But this is not yet certain.

Instinct, Research, Science

How cats find their way. How cats find their way home?

Based on materials from www.Catownerclub.com

Is there any basis for the popular belief that cats can find their way home after long wanderings? Or is it just another of the many myths built up about our furry friends? Let’s try to figure it out.

As you know, cats, in addition to good vision, also use a well-developed olfactory apparatus for orientation. With the help of their nose, they are able to capture very delicate scents that are inaccessible to humans and bind them to the area. For most cats, it is not difficult to find their home within 3 to 5 kilometers.

In most of the experiments conducted, cats returned home by the shortest route, even if they were taken away in a roundabout way, trying to complicate the task. At the same time, it was found that cats that had free access to the street acted more decisively and returned faster than cats that always live in the house.

In addition, cats are far superior to humans not only in their ability to see in low light. They have excellent peripheral vision, which allows them to observe movement while simultaneously tracking many landmarks. At the right time, the cat’s pupils expand, increasing the viewing angle to a value inaccessible to humans. In recent studies, it was found that at the right time cats are able to “play” in the head from memory not only visual, but also accompanying the “picture” audio information.

All the noises typical for a particular area. coming from major highways, fire sirens, or even the sounds of stamping coming from a nearby factory leave clear impressions in the cat’s memory. All sound information, as well as the smells memorized by the cat, complement the visual images stored in the memory. The duration and strength of sounds against the background of visual images in nature play a very important role for a cat (more about hearing in cats). In search of landmarks that allow them to find their way back to home, cats quite easily match them with those stored in memory, if the distance from home is less than five kilometers. The task becomes more difficult at long distances, where there are no familiar sights, sounds and smells, which disorients the animal.

Nevertheless, many cases are reliably known when cats have traveled very long distances. Sometimes cats managed to go home after a few weeks or even months of absence, and very from afar, having overcome great distances.

How do cats manage to do this, because they do not have to rely on help in the form of familiar acoustic images and smells to find their way back? Unfortunately, there are currently no reliable explanations for this unique phenomenon.

Based on the results of some of the experiments carried out, it can be concluded that cats are ultrasensitive, allowing them to perceive even minor changes in the environment. These are, for example, deviations in the state of electromagnetic fields. The specifics of the magnetic and electric fields of each area can probably serve as pointers for the cat to determine the correct direction to return to its territory. Perhaps, in order to get home, cats are able to navigate their travels by an internal “compass”.

How lost cats find their way home?

Probably, many have heard or read incredible stories about cats who find their way home by themselves, overcoming great distances. They strive to go home, where they were loved, caressed and fed. There, at home, where it was warm, the pussy was surrounded by relatives, which is why the craving for a cat, which suddenly became homeless, to get back into its usual habitat.

How cats find their way home

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Incredible stories of cats finding their way home days, months, and years after being lost often appear in the news. There are many stories about cats that, after the family moved, returned to the old address. to the house that they considered theirs. But how they find their way home is still almost a mystery.

Obviously, cats have a “homing” instinct and that they can sense direction by using something outside of the five normal senses: taste, smell, sight, touch, and hearing. Dolphins and migratory birds are guided by the sun and stars; pigeons find their way along low-frequency sound waves; dung beetles. along the Milky Way, sea turtles and salmon. according to magnetic fields. And how do cats navigate?

In the entire history of science, there have been only two published studies on this topic. Let’s take them apart!

In 1922, the American professor Francis Herrick published the work “Homing Abilities of a Cat”. Herrick watched the cat, transporting it to seven different locations, ranging from one to three miles from its home. The experiment was not to say that it was humane: the kittens from which she was separated were the guarantee of the return of the cat, and the cat was transported to each new place by car in a tightly tied bag. At the new location, Herrick put the cat in a wooden box, to the lid of which a rope was tied, leading to a specially equipped shelter. The researcher went into hiding, remotely opened the box, and then observed the cat’s behavior until it disappeared from sight.

Here’s what’s surprising: if the cat was not distracted, it took the right direction immediately after it was released from the crate! In four cases out of seven, the cat confidently set off towards her home, in one of the tests she escaped, but still returned home, and in the other she went in the wrong direction, but quickly corrected herself and turned where it was necessary.

And here’s what is interesting: in test No. 7, the cat was anesthetized before the trip, and she spent the entire journey in an unconscious state. Having regained consciousness in a new place, the cat could not find the right direction for a long time. but still eventually returned home.

The smell of home

Another “hunting talent” confidently leads the cat to his favorite bed. Sensitive sense of smell. It picks up what we don’t pay attention to. No wonder they say that the house smells especially. Some individuals can find it only by smell, from a distance of 3-5 km. The lingering aromas of a nearby business will only speed up your return. Combining all the information received, a three-dimensional picture of the house is created, with its outlines, smells, sounds.

Animals of the private sector, which have more freedom of movement, are much easier to navigate and find their way than “apartment” brethren.

Features of vision

Of course, they visually remember the road, their surroundings, and note landmarks. Previously, it was believed that cats only see black, white tones. Now it has been proven that the colors of the fluffs are distinguished, you can read more here.

I sit high. I look far away

Let not as a person, but the picture is very similar to reality. Surprisingly, the eye is ready to identify up to 25 shades of gray. Close-set eyes, looking forward, create a three-dimensional image. Easily memorize objects that are constantly in sight. Cats are nocturnal hunters, so they see perfectly in the dark, which makes it easy to move around at any time of the day. The pupil is able to expand and contract as needed, focusing on the really important objects.

Unique animals

Domestic tigers are very susceptible. They predict weather changes, natural disasters, treat physical pain, never sleep where there is negative energy. Their caress and soft purr are soothing. It is not for nothing that they open a cat-cafe where you can talk to a four-legged psychologist, feed on the positive, and bring your nerves into balance. They feel the mood, intonation of the owners, their actions sometimes surprise with their “humanity”. Therefore, they often become full-fledged family members to whom they show trust. If the cat disappears for a few days, many do not panic, the gulena will return. Natural hunting qualities help:

  • Vision,
  • Hearing,
  • Smell.

How cats find their way home, lost thousands of miles

Cats never cease to amaze. Some easily get used to going to the toilet on the toilet, the second adore water procedures, the third almost speak with the owner in their own language. Like humans, they have different talents. But there is an amazing property that still amazes. how cats find their way home. Before the phenomenon began to be studied, stories about the return of animals seemed to be fiction. Now, too, many not all believe in their authenticity. This is a mystery over which scientists puzzled. Now the veil of secrecy is ajar.

Experiments with the maze

It is believed that the cat moves in a downward spiral if lost. While exploring the area, he stumbles upon familiar objects, scents and sounds. Zoologists from many countries at different times tried to solve the riddle of the baleen-striped. They took me several kilometers and let me go. And each time they were amazed how cats, having passed a long way, find their way home. They even thought that they just remember the turns, the time and, as it were, scroll the events in reverse order.

It remained a mystery how they returned, being thousands of kilometers away. There are real cats that returned when the owners no longer had hope:

  • Semyon. After 6 years he returned to Murmansk from Moscow, where he accidentally got lost. Subsequently, a sculpture was even installed in his honor.
  • Chapa. Passed 1.5 thousand kilometers from the Black Sea to the Sverdlovsk region.
  • Thomas came to the hostess, having fallen behind while traveling in a mountainous region in the United States. It took him 7 months to cover more than 500 kilometers.

The interest of scientists was great. They did not give up hope of revealing the secret, they came up with new ways and experiments. For the sake of the experiment, cats were placed in a tight box, the car looped around the neighborhood in an attempt to confuse. But all the same, the pets rushed towards the house, even if they were taken far away. People went further in the study of the phenomenon. They injected sleeping pills and narcotic substances so that the cat slept on the road. They were amazed again: after awakening, the right path was chosen.

Another study tried to “deprive” the purr of sight and hearing. A labyrinth closed on all sides was built in an open field. We placed several copies and waited. It was possible to place bets on whether they would get out at all. But the result was shocking. Not only did everyone find a way out, so many more chose the one that was closer to home. It became obvious that these creatures have some kind of sixth sense.

Fine hearing to help

Of course, sight alone is not enough to find your way home. A keen hearing helps. Surely many have noticed that the slightest rustle wakes up the animal. In nature, this contributes to successful hunting and helps to preserve life when danger approaches. In everyday life, cats associate certain sounds and events.

They distinguish the sound of the opening refrigerator and know about the tasty, and the loud sound of the vacuum cleaner foreshadows the upcoming cleaning. Everyday sounds are recorded in the head and are associated with the place where they love and feed. In the case when the cat is at a sufficiently long distance and does not see the usual landmarks, acute hearing comes to the rescue. An enterprise with characteristic sounds (for example, stamping) will help you choose the right path. Such “signs” include a highway, a railway station. Do not forget that animals hear what the human ear does not perceive. Therefore, they have many more options at their disposal. Pussies are able, as it were, to superimpose sound reproduction on a picture (object), which helps to move absolutely confidently in the right direction.

Personal compass

Then there was a hypothesis about orientation based on changes in the Earth’s magnetic fields. The theory was confirmed by another test. A strong magnet was attached to subject’s body. This completely misinformed the cat and put it into a state of stress. At first she tried to find her way home, but quickly realized the futility of trying. This made it possible to assume that iron is to blame, particles of which are part of the tissues of the baleen. Inside the animal, it is as if there is a compass of its own that reacts to a magnetic field. He helps from an unfamiliar place to the point of departure.

In fairness, we note that not all losses are striving. And this does not mean stupidity at all. Rather the opposite. If abused or mistreated at home, the cat simply does not seek to return. Modern realities are such that many simply perish without reaching their homes. This is due to busy roads, a large number of urban transport and other dangers.

How cats find their way home

A huge number of experiments have been carried out on the theme that cats find their way home in a completely unique way, which practically defies our consciousness. They seem to have just a unique psychic ability to find their way back. The fact is that our cats have a very strong affection for their place of residence and their abode. The most sacred thing that an animal has. If you deprive a cat of a home, it will become a great tragedy for her, therefore, they find their way home at any cost, even if they find themselves in a place located a hundred kilometers from their own home! over, an even more interesting fact is that cats with free access to the street are much better oriented in an unfamiliar space than their home-loving brothers. In this article, we would like to introduce you to the mechanisms that help cats find their way home so accurately and so quickly. The most famous experiment on this topic was carried out in Germany. Scientists have selected several cats and created a special labyrinth in an open field. This labyrinth was made of opaque materials, therefore, cats could only navigate by their scent and their ability to see in the dark. The ceiling was completely closed, so the cats could not navigate by the stars and the sun. The maze was placed in a special field, which was located three kilometers from the legal house of cats. After starting the experiment, the animals were able to find their way to the exits very quickly. But the most surprising thing was that the cats found this exit on the principle that it was closest to their home. This amazed the scientists, but only English scientists, who conducted a similar experiment a few years earlier, dotted the I. To carry out the experiment as cleanly as possible, the scientists euthanized the cats with injections of sleeping pills. After the subjects fell asleep, they were taken away, again, three kilometers from the house, placed in the same special labyrinth made of the same material, and closed inside. The maze had several exits, and all were designed for each cat individually. Why? Again, the issue of exit is about his proximity to his own home. The cats woke up, and still managed to find their way to the fixed exit just as quickly. After that, the scientists did not complete their experiment, and decided to test their theory about the ability of cats to navigate the magnetic field. They again placed the animals in the maze, and surrounded it with very powerful magnets from exactly all sides. The cats wandered inside as if lost, meowing loudly, and could no longer find their way back. Therefore, the earth’s magnetic field is the main thing that animals are guided by. This is a very serious skill that allows you to navigate the magnetic field. Cats very often get lost, and very often find their way home, being very far from it. Of course, this skill is supported by a very strong desire to be back in your favorite place, on your favorite bedding, with your favorite owner and delicious food. Sometimes even people tentatively go to their houses, lost in the forest. So this symbiosis of skills makes the cat practically a living compass that can get out of any situation. It is also known that sailors took cats with them on board. Of course, they talked about how they bring good luck, and death is not terrible with a cat on the ship. However, most likely, the animals showed the way, becoming a muzzle in the direction of the house, and also caught rats and mice on board, which devoured the supplies of sailors in swimming. These are such amazing creatures, our cats!

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How cats find their way home?

Based on materials from www.Catownerclub.com

Is there any basis for the popular belief that cats can find their way home after long wanderings? Or is it just another of the many myths built up about our furry friends? Let’s try to figure it out.

As you know, cats, in addition to good vision, also use a well-developed olfactory apparatus for orientation. With the help of their nose, they are able to capture very delicate scents that are inaccessible to humans and bind them to the area. For most cats, it is not difficult to find their home within 3 to 5 kilometers.

In most of the experiments conducted, cats returned home by the shortest route, even if they were taken away in a roundabout way, trying to complicate the task. At the same time, it was found that cats that had free access to the street acted more decisively and returned faster than cats that always live in the house.

In addition, cats are far superior to humans not only in their ability to see in low light. They have excellent peripheral vision, which allows them to observe movement while simultaneously tracking many landmarks. At the right time, the cat’s pupils expand, increasing the viewing angle to a value inaccessible to humans. In recent studies, it was found that at the right moment cats are able to “play” in the head from memory not only visual, but also accompanying the “picture” audio information.

All the noises specific to a particular area. Coming from major highways, fire sirens, or even punching sounds coming from a nearby factory leave clear imprints in the cat’s memory. All sound information, as well as the smells memorized by the cat, complement the visual images stored in the memory. The duration and strength of sounds against the background of visual images in nature play a very important role for a cat (more about hearing in cats). In search of landmarks that allow them to find their way back to home, cats quite easily match them with those stored in memory, if the distance from home is less than five kilometers. The task becomes more difficult at long distances, where there are no familiar sights, sounds and smells, which disorients the animal.

Nevertheless, many cases are reliably known when cats have traveled very long distances. Sometimes cats managed to go home after a few weeks or even months of absence, and very from afar, having overcome great distances.

How do cats manage to do this, because they do not have to rely on help in the form of familiar acoustic images and smells to find their way back? Unfortunately, there are currently no reliable explanations for this unique phenomenon.

Based on the results of some of the experiments carried out, it can be concluded that cats are ultrasensitive, allowing them to perceive even minor changes in the environment. These are, for example, deviations in the state of electromagnetic fields. The specifics of the magnetic and electric fields of each area can probably serve as pointers for the cat to determine the correct direction to return to its territory. Perhaps in order to get home, cats are able to navigate their travels by an internal “compass”.

How cats find their way home

Many have heard about cats that were taken away many kilometers from home, but after a while came to their old place of residence. And these are not legends. Some scientists became interested in such facts, and decided to conduct research in this area. The very first experiments with transported domestic cats showed that the ability of cats to find the right path and return home is not a myth, but a reality. It would seem that dogs should also have this ability, but no. And this fact proves once again that cats in this respect are much higher in their level, both dogs and us. Unfortunately, we also did not go far in orientation on the terrain without natural landmarks, notches, and a compass.

Unfortunately, there are no statistics for such cases. But even those facts about which are known are enough to draw conclusions that this behavior of cats is not a mere coincidence.

In England, the cat returned home three weeks after he was taken away 65 kilometers from home. In the US, in the state of Georgia, the cat returned from a distance of 320 kilometers. In Holland, the cat returned after five months for 150 kilometers. And in France, the cat returned to her kittens as much as 700 kilometers.

In our country, there are also many such cases. It is known that in the Urals, cats returned even from a distance of 1600 kilometers. And one cat came from the Far East to the Saratov region. He was accidentally taken away by relatives visiting there. They found him on the road, but did not return because of this, and took the cat to their home.

One thing is clear that where the cat was loved, and she felt good, then she always returned home. Nowadays such cases are much less due to the fact that the roads have become much more dangerous due to the influx of vehicles. Cats just die.

And before, especially in villages, people observed such abilities of cats everywhere, and passed these cases by word of mouth for many years. Therefore, if a cat or cat was taken to a new place of residence, then they must be put in a closed basket or closed their eyes all the way. But that didn’t help either.

How cats find their way home was not clear. But here are some scientists began to experiment. One German zoologist drove the cats all day around the city, closed in cardboard boxes, and then placed the cats in a maze in an open field that was previously prepared, closed from the sun and stars. But that didn’t help either. The cats immediately found the right path and returned home.

Then many scientists decided that cats have some kind of organ that remembers all the turns of the road, and decided to conduct another experiment with sleeping cats. To do this, they were put to sleep with sleeping pills and were also taken around the city. And again the cats found their way home unmistakably.

Many experiments were carried out with these amazing animals, but they could not unravel their secret of orientation on the ground. Only now, when science has proven that birds are guided by the earth’s magnetic fields, scientists realized that cats use the same technology inherent in their bodies.

And they proved this by acting on cats with strong magnets during the experiment. After that, the cats could no longer orient themselves, and temporarily lost their ability to find their way home. This means that every cat has a kind of compass, and she knows how to use it very well.

Not all cats are able to navigate so accurately. Or maybe the factor that the cat herself does not want to return to the house where she was offended and disliked still plays a role.

I have already mentioned that wild cats live in my yard at work. So once a home cat, beautiful like a snow leopard, came to them. Twice I took him away to the residential buildings, and twice he came back anyway. Then I offered it to one of our employees, whose cat died.

For several days she did not let him out of the house so that he would not run away, and then the cat realized that they loved him there and stayed with them. The employee quit her job a long time ago, but when we meet, she always talks about her pet, and thanks me that I then persuaded her to take this cat. And I’m happy that I was able to put the handsome man in good hands.

Here is such an interesting and mysterious animal, our domestic cat. And how many more mysteries she conceals in herself?

Illustration from the work of F. Herrick: the arrow indicates the direction of the cat’s movement home.

In all seven trials, the cat returned within 4–78 hours after release. And only in the last. eighth. trial, when the cat was taken away 16.5 miles, she was lost and never returned.

And although the scientist did not manage to understand HOW a cat finds its way home, two important facts are still confirmed:

How cats find their way home

Incredible stories of cats finding their way home days, months, and years after being lost often appear in the news. There are many stories about cats that, after the family moved, returned to the old address. to the house that they considered theirs. But how they find their way home is still almost a mystery.

Obviously, cats have a “homing” instinct and that they can sense direction by using something outside of the five normal senses: taste, smell, sight, touch, and hearing. Dolphins and migratory birds are guided by the sun and stars; pigeons find their way along low-frequency sound waves; dung beetles. Along the Milky Way, sea turtles and salmon. By magnetic fields. How do cats navigate??

In the entire history of science, there have been only two published studies on this topic. Let’s take them apart!

In 1922, the American professor Francis Herrick published the work “Homing Abilities of a Cat”. Herrick watched the cat, transporting it to seven different locations, ranging from one to three miles from its home. The experiment was not to say that it was humane: the kittens from which she was separated were the guarantee of the return of the cat, and the cat was transported to each new place by car in a tightly tied bag. At the new location, Herrick put the cat in a wooden box, to the lid of which a rope was tied, leading to a specially equipped shelter. The researcher went into hiding, remotely opened the box, and then observed the cat’s behavior until it disappeared from sight.

Here’s what’s surprising: if the cat was not distracted, it took the right direction immediately after it was released from the crate! In four cases out of seven, the cat confidently set off towards her home, in one of the tests she escaped, but still returned home, and in the other she went in the wrong direction, but quickly corrected herself and turned where it was necessary.

And here’s what is interesting: in test No. 7, the cat was anesthetized before the trip, and she spent the entire journey in an unconscious state. Having regained consciousness in a new place, the cat could not find the right direction for a long time. but still eventually returned home.

A cat, being of sound mind and solid memory, ALWAYS knows which side of her house is; This knowledge is independent of sight, hearing and smell.

The second experiment was carried out in 1954. German scientists Precht and Lindenlaub removed the cats in bags from their home and placed them in the center of a maze with six evenly spaced exits. Most of the cats did not roam the maze, but immediately chose the exit leading towards their house. At the same time, their sense of “homing” directly depended on the distance: if it was no more than 5 kilometers to the house, the cats easily chose the right exit, but at a greater distance, difficulties began to find the right direction.

Cats returned home between tests showed more accurate “homing” results than cats left in the lab between tests. But kittens, raised in the laboratory and did not go anywhere, had no sense of “homing” at all!

According to scientists, all cats have the ability to “geolocate”, but it is best developed in stray cats and those who live in a private house, being able to walk freely. (By the way, studies of cats’ movements using GPS beacons have shown that cats can move up to 3 kilometers from home, but rarely further). Unfortunately, many lost cats do not return home due to external obstacles or accidents.

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Domestic cats that have never left their home walls have a very low chance of going home. Their ability to “homing” disappears without proper training, but can develop again if the cat is taken to the country and allowed to walk there. But if a cat that lives six months in a country house and six months in an apartment gets lost in the city, where will she go? Unanswered question.

And yet: if a cat can instinctively choose the right direction towards home from any unfamiliar place, then HOW does it do it? Scientists understand that neither visual memory, nor hearing, nor smell works here. Then there is only one option: cats are able to feel the earth’s magnetic fields and navigate along them.

While this is only a hypothesis, but it is indirectly confirmed by one fact: it was found that the inner ear of a cat contains iron. This means that a cat’s ears can have a mechanism that works like a natural compass.

Cases of cats and cats returning home

Surely many have heard stories about the amazing abilities of cats to find their way back home, even if the animals were hundreds of kilometers away from their home or their usual habitat. Such cases are not isolated, while animals can really overcome huge distances and return to their native spaces, overcoming unfamiliar places. So, in England, a cat who was accidentally taken with them by relatives who came to visit more than 70 km from home, after a while managed to find the way back; in the US in the state of Georgia, the cat returned home six months later, having covered a distance of 320 km; in France, a cat, 600 km from her home, found her way home on her own and returned to her kittens. The story of the Ural cat, who managed to overcome the distance of 1500 km in one year, and to its owners, gained wide popularity.

How cats find their way home

Cats have an independent, freedom-loving temperament and disposition, but fluffy pets are tied to the house, to the place or territory of their habitat. And even moving to a new place of residence for many pets becomes a real stress.

There are cases when pets repeatedly returned to their usual habitat or to their former place of residence, surprisingly, finding their way home.

How cats navigate space

The phenomenon of excellent orientation of cats in space attracted the interest of zoologists. Numerous experiments, unfortunately, did not allow establishing the mechanism used by animals to find their way home, but the theories put forward still found support among scientists. Some scientists believe that the reference point is the earth’s magnetic field, others believe that the felines are guided by the sun and stars. Many are of the same opinion that cats are wild animals that have fully preserved their natural instincts and even live within their apartment according to the laws of their wild ancestors.

If the first theory has grounds for existence, then the second theory was refuted by a German scientist who conducted a series of scientific experiments. The bottom line was that the cats taken out in closed boxes at a distant distance from the house had to get out of an opaque maze with several exits. Animals, not seeing the sky overhead, using their landmarks, were able to find the opposite direction. over, they got out through the exit that indicated the direction in the direction of their house.

With regard to the impact of the electromagnetic field (“energy grid”), which is a kind of reference point, it was found that after fixing the magnets on the animal’s body, cats lost their ability to orient themselves in space. Perhaps it is the features of electromagnetic fields that are for cats an internal reference point, unmistakably guiding animals on the path leading to home.

The theory about the ability of animals to remember the return route, if they are given the opportunity to see the road, has been refuted. Before taking the animals away in an unknown direction, they were given sedatives. Even so, most of the cats in the experimental group found their way back home.

It is known that for orientation in space, in addition to sharp eyesight, cats use the sense of smell, capturing odors that are not available for human recognition. Animals tie smells to their habitat. The results of the experiments carried out prove the ability of cats to find their way home from a distance of three to six kilometers. Cats quickly navigated in space and returned by the shortest path.

It has also been established that free-living, street animals find their way back much faster than pets that do not leave the apartment or house. Cats that have free access to the street are less attached to their owners and are closely related to their relatives. They are very well oriented within the inhabited area and decide for themselves when to return, not worrying that the owner will look for an animal that will deign after a month.

In addition to keen vision, hearing and smell, cats see perfectly in the dark, they have well-developed peripheral vision, which allows them to track and memorize many landmarks. At certain moments, pupils dilated to large sizes significantly increase the radius and angle of view. Recent studies have shown that pets can “reproduce” visual and sound information in their memory at the right time. For the representatives of the feline family, the duration and strength of sound effects against the general background of visual images is of importance. Thus, the characteristic sounds of a familiar area, for example, the noise of a plant working near a plant, a nearby highway, or any other frequently repeated sound effects, leave imprints in the memory of animals. Thus, the visual picture is supplemented with sound information, which allows cats to find their way home, being well oriented in the terrain.

Can a cat go home if it is taken away a few kilometers from home?

The ability of a cat to return to its beloved home, even if it is taken away several kilometers, has been confirmed by many eyewitnesses. over, both courtyards and pets who have not previously gone outside are returning.

Of course, no one will give guarantees that the lost cat will return. It depends on the nature of the animal, its ability to navigate, the ability to adapt to other living conditions, many simply die during their journey.

How a cat finds its way home

Cats are amazing creatures. Their gracefulness and unpredictability make the pet a favorite family member. Some of their abilities are simply surprising and delightful. This also applies to the ability to go home even from the greatest distances.

It has long been known that an animal that is accustomed to a home where it is loved, pampered, petted, is able to overcome more than a dozen kilometers in order to find its abode.

There have been many experiments in which they tried to confuse the animal. They were taken away a long distance from home, given sleeping pills, confused, but the animal still found its way.

Then they tried to use the earth’s magnetic pole and found that cats orient themselves thanks to their ability to react to earth’s gravity.

It would seem that there is nothing surprising, because birds also find their way thanks to the earth’s magnetic pole, but with a cat everything looks different. How many more mysteries are kept by her mysterious nature?

Can a cat go home if he did not go outside without knowing the way after a week’s absence, after 2 months or two years

If the cat was completely domesticated, did not leave the house, did not walk, and suddenly got lost, he will have to adapt to new living conditions. How much he succeeds in finding food, saving himself from dangers, finding a place to sleep, depends on the possibility of his return.

In general, cats have a high survival rate, and their ability to find their way home after a week or 2 months has been proven by many eyewitnesses. There is evidence of returns after 2 years or more.

How cats find their way home

This article provides an answer to one of the most common questions related to representatives of the feline family, habits and features of which have not yet been fully understood. Leave your stories in the comments.

And do not forget about safety, because it is easy to find fire safety cabinets on the site, so that everything in the house is safe.

How to tell fortunes whether a cat will return home or not

When a beloved family member disappears at home, the owners use various ways to return it. Someone spells, guess. The most popular ways to return a pet is by tying the legs of the kitchen table.

It is also suggested to read the mantra with a lit candle near the window: “Smoke up the hill, Vaska (cat’s name) home! By the power of fire AOUM! “

If there is a spiritual connection with an animal, a strong love for him, you must try to get on the same wavelength with him, send the thought that they are waiting for him and need him. The animal will surely hear and return.

How cats find their way home

In most experiments, cats returned home by the shortest route, even if they were taken away in a roundabout way, trying to complicate the task.

In order to find out what exactly helps cats find their way accurately, the researchers of these animals took them long distances from home. To prevent the subjects of experiments from tracing the path, they were given sleeping pills, and sometimes narcotic substances.

They tried to confuse the road, winding along the route for a long time. However, further observations puzzled everyone. As soon as the cat woke up from sleep, he accurately determined in which direction he needed to follow. The impression was that the animal not only guesses the right path, but knows exactly where to go.

Various theories have been put forward as to what helps cats navigate so well in unfamiliar terrain. This ability was explained by unusually keen vision, hearing and sense of smell, which, as they were sure in the past, were much better developed in felines than in dogs.

We can say that this theory has been confirmed. Cats are indeed living magnets, sensitive to the poles. They have a natural built-in compass that always guides them on the right path.

Why do cats find their way home

The ability to return home, overcoming great distances, is just one of the mysteries given to us by cats. Their paranormal ability to find the right path excites many scientists, pushing them to conduct new and new experiments. Sometimes pretty violent.

The most famous wanderers

With the help of the nose, cats are able to capture very subtle scents that are inaccessible to humans and bind them to the area

The cat Simon, who was born and raised in Murmansk, gained immense popularity at one time. The owners were so attached to the pet that, going south by car, they decided to take it with them. The vacation was a success, but on the way back the travelers’ car broke down.

To put the vehicle in order, we had to make an unplanned stop. The car was repaired. Only the cat, obviously starting to get nervous, suddenly disappeared. Searches in an unfamiliar huge city did not lead to anything, and the family was forced to Murmansk without a favorite.

Years passed, and no one expected to see the pet again. But one day a cat appeared under the door to the apartment, very reminiscent of Semyon. Well, except that he was too thin and looked tortured. However, he persistently scratched the door, demanding to let him inside.

The head of the family, who found this creature on the doorstep, could not leave it on the street. Imagine his surprise when the guest confidently proceeded to the bowl and, having eaten his fill, settled down to relax on the TV. The way Semyon once loved to do it. It became clear: he returned home.

This story made a lot of noise. They wrote about Semyon in the newspapers, they shot stories about him. Everyone admired the heroic cat that traveled thousands of kilometers. There was even a film “Love Story” about his adventure. And in Murmansk a few years ago a monument to a fearless cat was erected.

Most cats have no problem finding their home within 3 to 5 kilometers.

A similar case happened in the United States. The hostess also took her favorite cat Thomas on the trip. There was simply no one to leave him at home. Only she went not to the sea, but to the mountains.

The cat disappeared during one of the camps, at a considerable height in relation to sea level. The search also did not lead to anything, and the hostess had already begun to mourn the poor fellow.

However, a few months later, an emaciated animal began to claw at her door. Having entered the house, the cat checked his favorite places, ate and went to rest with the look of a hero who returned home. According to the hostess’s calculations, to meet with her, he walked at least 500 km.

Of course, not all cats can go home. However, scientists believe that this is not due to a lack of ability to find the right direction. Rather, the animals are hindered by fear. Or they simply do not feel the strength to overcome the huge distance.