Representatives of large breeds of domestic parrots in terms of intelligence are often compared with 3-5-year-old children. They are smart, artistic, able to learn and reproduce a variety of words and phrases. over, it often seems that they do not just imitate human speech, mindlessly uttering words, but understand their meaning and insert replicas at the right time.
Large parrots are very attached to their owners, they become true friends for them. Instead, they require a lot of attention, they need to be trained from the first days, since most of them tend to dominate. These are strong, temperamental birds, capable of inflicting serious injury with strong beaks if raised incorrectly.
Most of them are not suitable for novice bird owners, as they are picky about the conditions of keeping, diet and even the nature of their owner.
They require spacious metal cages, or better aviaries. It is even better if a whole room is equipped for such birds. They need constant communication with the person. Are centenarians.
The advantage of small bird species is that they do not take up much space, are unpretentious in care, feed for them is inexpensive and even novice breeders, including children, can keep them at home.
Kakariks are called jumping and running, as well as the most restless parrots on the planet. They do not sit on the spot, they constantly find something to do: rummage in something, dig, find. They run, jump, and not only along the bottom of the cage, but also along the ceiling. Therefore, the bird cage must be spacious enough so that they have enough room for maneuvers.
Males can be taught to speak, but their “vocabulary” will be small. The female does not belong to talking birds, but she is calmer. Male kakariki are usually a bully and fidget.
The birds reach sizes up to 25 cm. The main color of the plumage is green. Life expectancy 15-20 years.
Kaiki white-bellied parrots are funny birds that move with original jumps. For these abilities, many owners give birth to such pets. They are artistic, restless, easily learn a variety of tricks. True, completely unteachable human speech, however, they perfectly imitate different sounds: the alarm clock ringing, a crying baby, the noise of household appliances, and so on.
Two varieties of white-bellied caiks. red-headed and black-headed, differ in the color of the plumage on the head. The size of birds is 23-25 cm.
They can scream loudly and piercingly, they like to gnaw something, however, these are very trusting and attached birds that become real friends to their owners.
Under optimal conditions, domestic kaiki parrots can live 25-30 years.
Variety of species of domestic parrots
Over 350 species of parrots live on the planet. Most of them are great for home keeping, other parrots are so few that they are rare in captivity.
in a parrot’s apartment places some responsibility on the owner. Before starting a bird, weigh your options. For example, large birds cannot be kept in a small cage, and food for large birds is not suitable for small breeds. In addition, there are species that should not be started by inexperienced owners, otherwise serious problems may arise.
- Large species of domestic parrots include cockatoos, grays, macaws and amazons.
- Medium. necklace, loria, kakarik, cockatiel, rosell, kaik and kalita.
- Small breeds include budgies, lovebirds, and passerines.
No matter how attractive the bird looks to you, approach your choice responsibly, because at home, many parrots live 15-20 years, and some even 70-80 years. Each species has its own characteristics, abilities, character and requirements for conditions of detention.
Nymph cockatiels are not much inferior in popularity to budgies. These graceful birds with a beautiful tuft are peaceful, therefore they are suitable as pets for beginners and even children.
Corellas are gentle creatures, they love to communicate with a person, to adore him. They sing beautifully, know how to whistle and imitate human speech. You need to spend a lot of time with them, they can get sick from lack of attention.
A touching crest on the head, bright “ruddy” cheeks, a beak that resembles a smile, different shades of gray in the plumage make the bird very elegant. The body size of cockatiels reaches 32-34 cm.They live at home for an average of 20 years.
In Dutch, the name of these unusually bright birds means “clown”. Lori. intelligent birds, affectionate, extremely playful, easy to tame.
Like domestic parrots, these birds are very trusting, they quickly make contact with a person, even with a stranger, they are happy to communicate with children. Not aggressive towards other pets. Loneliness is easily tolerated, as they will always find something to do.
But they have two serious drawbacks:
- shrill, raspy screams;
- liquid droppings, with which lorises seem to mark territory everywhere.
The size of the birds does not exceed 40 cm. Depending on the variety, the combination of colors in the plumage is very diverse, colorful and unexpected. Quite finicky in nutrition.
In captivity, loria parrots live up to 20 years.
These birds reach 16-35 cm. Very positive, cheerful, playful, adore human attention, for which they are lovingly called “sticky”. The plumage of the aratinga is bright and colorful, it perfectly combines red, yellow, blue and green colors, although the photo of these parrots does not always convey their beauty:
Aratinas are easy to keep at home, but they are considered destroyers, capable of turning furniture into splinters with strong beaks in a short time. To distract them from this activity, you need to provide a large number of wooden toys and branches.
These birds really need the attention of their owners. If you like to spend a lot of time with your pet, you will get an extremely affectionate companion in the “face” of arating who gets great pleasure from communicating with you.
The disadvantage of these birds is their loudness. In the morning or evening, they often emit loud, shrill screams. Although they can scream during the day, expressing with a scream both displeasure and joy.
These pet parrots have the ability to reproduce human speech and can learn dozens of words and phrases. Are well trained in a variety of tricks.
Aratins can live in captivity for 15-30 years.
These are medium-sized birds. they grow up to 42 cm. The main plumage is green, black feathers stand out in a stripe on the throat, another black stripe (in females) or a pink stripe (in males) borders the bird’s head. For such a necklace, they got this name.
As domestic parrots, necklace parrots can be started by inexperienced owners and families with children. They are very intelligent, docile, easy to tame, learn well human speech and onomatopoeia. Can live up to 20 years with proper care.
How to determine the gender of a parrot?
Why determine gender?
What will be his surprise when an egg is found in the cell?!
If you do not know the sex of the parrots, then it is impossible to give the birds a suitable name. Of course, it is allowed to call a feathered friend a neutral nickname. Sashka, Bird, Ass. and yet it would be more correct to choose a nickname by gender. Often you need to know the sex of a parrot in order to understand how to behave with a bird. For example, females are considered less tame. And if the owner deliberately buys the girl, then she will not annoy her once again, trying to accustom her to her hands.
How to distinguish a female from a male by appearance?
Different types of parrots can distinguish males and females by color. For example, the sex of a budgerigar can be determined from 1.5 months on the bridge of the nose. On the supra-beak wax at the indicated age, the guys have a blue or purple tint, and after another 4.5 months the bridge of the nose will become bluish. In females, this part of the body is pale pink, but gradually acquires a brown tint. During stressful situations or during the molting period, the beeswax temporarily turns blue in females. Look at the coloring of the legs. For boys, they are bluish, and for girls, they are pink. The wavy guy himself has a more juicy and colorful plumage, on his back you can see a sinuous decoration.
The head of the male is smooth and the female has an angular forehead.
In a cockatiel parrot, it is more difficult to determine the sex. Experts know how to distinguish between males and females already when the birds reach the age of four months, but more often it becomes possible to determine the sex more accurately only by the age of one year. In boys, Corell’s crest is thin and neat, while their lovers have a crest, wide from the very base. In the male crest, 2-3 long feathers with a greenish tint can be counted, and in the female, the crest consists of six shorter feathers of the same color. After molting, the plumage of the male acquires a bright saturated color, the head is painted in a yellowish tint. The boys have bright red cheeks, and the color of the body is pure steel. Girls have a dimmer plumage, and brown and yellow spots can be seen on the gray body, the same blotches are observed on the inner side of the wing.
The sex of the cockatiel by the above criteria can be determined if a bird of natural color is purchased. When crossing, pets of the most different colors are obtained, which complicates sex determination. In this case, you can pay attention to the structure of the animal’s body. Girls have a small hump on their backs, but boys do not. But the guys have an even back and sharp wings with a pronounced color. If the bird is relaxed, and at this moment has taken a rounded shape, then it is probably a female. The male Corella during rest is distinguished by a slender and fit figure. In females, a vertical parting can be found on the abdomen, which males do not have. Look also at the shape of the tail: for boys, a narrow and long, neat tail is characteristic, for girls. a wide and somewhat sloppy.
In lovebird parrots, sex is almost impossible to determine, but looking closely, the male can see a more elongated head shape and a lower frontal part. The girl’s head is more rounded. Pay attention to the pelvic part as well. Feel the parrot’s belly and feel the rounded bones that resemble matches.
In girls, the distance of the pelvic bones is 1 cm, and in boys. no more than 0.5 cm.
Determining gender by behavior
The color of the plumage and other external signs help to find out the sex, if you study a particular variety well. By behavior, you can distinguish a male from a female bird of any breed. So, girls are usually calmer, they like to doze, relax, it is difficult to interest them with a mirror, a bell and other toys. They do not like to sit on their hands, get annoyed when the owner tries to stroke or scratch, they can bite the owner’s finger until it bleeds. Ladies do not react to human conversation, they are poorly trained and are considered more wild and aggressive. In nature, females gouge hollows in which chicks are raised, so their genes have a constant desire to gnaw something, for example, a cage or perch.
Pay attention to how the feathered mistress cleans the cage of debris: she flaps her wings, which is why all the debris flies to the sides with a stream of air.
Boys are usually more good-natured by nature. They easily get used to their hands, love to play,. they like to communicate with their reflection in the mirror. Males respond well to the human voice and prefer to keep up a conversation at all times. If the species is speaking, then the guy will start repeating words faster than his partner. These are contact tame animals that are happy to sit in the arms of the owner.
Sometimes the male can bite the owner by the finger, but unlike the female, not with all his might, but as a warning.
You can distinguish between a boy and a girl by observing the behavior of the couple. Males often place their paws on their cagemates. If a boy and a girl are kept together, then the guy will feed his girlfriend, regurgitating food into her beak. During intercourse, boys are always on top and girls on the bottom. Often in the behavior of the male, one can observe the imitation of sexual intercourse with other objects. For some ladies, this behavior is also characteristic, but not so often. In most species, during the mating season, it is the male who tries to attract the attention of his beloved. He dances, demonstrates the beauty of plumage and his vocal abilities.
You can determine the gender of a feathered pet by its sitting style. For example, girls sit on a perch with their legs wide apart, as if putting their abdomen on the pole. Boys usually close their paws tightly while sitting. This sign can be observed when the parrot reaches the age of one year.
Both the color of the plumage and the behavior of birds can only indirectly indicate sex. In the process of selection, parrots often lose some external signs and acquire new ones. and more new coloring pages are born, and gender determination becomes much more difficult. The behavior of birds is also not a true indicator, much depends on the temperament and conditions of detention. With poor grooming and minimal communication, the male can become melancholy or aggressive, although this behavior is usually typical of the female. accurate methods for determining gender are presented below.
You can learn more about how to determine the sex of a budgerigar in the following video.
How to determine the gender of a parrot by sight and sound
Distinguishing a chicken from a rooster is easy, but with parrots it will be more difficult. These birds have been living next to us for a long time, but much about them remains a mystery to us. Some “secrets” will not hurt to know. You can, for example, learn to recognize whether the parrot is “boy” or “girl” in front of you.
Determining the sex of the budgerigar is important in two cases:
- when they want to create a pair (in particular for breeding);
- when you intend to teach a parrot to speak.
Males of the entire avian genus are forced to attract attention and seek the favor of females. Therefore, they “wear” bright outfits and sing serenades. You should know that for different breeds of parrots the sex characteristics are different, the only common thing is that males are much more “catchy” than females.
How to determine the sex of a budgerigar?
Small and friendly budgerigars are the most popular feathered pets. How to determine the sex of a parrot? The coloring can be confusing, so take a close look “in the face”. The main sign of the floor for budgies is the wax. an influx in the upper part of the base of the beak, or, more simply, its “nose”.
Young male budgerigars have a pink wax that turns blue after 3-4 months. In females, it is first pink with whitish circles near the nostrils, and then brown. Only in harlequin parrots, the wax does not change.
It happens that the sex of a parrot cannot be determined by one wax. How to determine the sex of the budgerigar in this case? He will tell it himself, or rather, his manners. Just watch your pet and you will understand whether he is a “boy” or “a girl”. So, males love to show off, sing loudly and “brawl” with other birds. Even with its reflection in the mirror, the parrot-“boy” will enter into discussions, trying to “crush with authority.” Females of this breed are more restrained, rarely raise their voices and are completely indifferent to mirrors.
Young males are explorers and courageous pioneers; they, being outside the environment of congeners, quickly get used to their hands and are more predisposed to communicate with humans. A little patience, endurance and your wavy “boy” will be able to “chat”.
How to determine the gender of a parrot?
Parrots are not just beautiful, cheerful, lively and funny. They are also trainable! But how to determine the sex of a parrot, be it wavy or Corella, is it not a kitten or a puppy? If you want to understand. read carefully, look intently!
Parrot Ass is not a fool at all! Like Talker Bird, he is distinguished by intelligence and ingenuity. Parrots are not just beautiful, cheerful, lively and funny. They are also trainable! over, males are more inclined to mimic and imitate human speech. Here’s just how to distinguish a “boy” from a “girl”, because this is not a kitten or a puppy?
How to determine the sex of a cockatiel parrot?
Brownish-gray, pink-cheeked nymph parrot or, as it is more often called, cockatiel begins to acquire signs of one sex or another not earlier than the age of 3.5 months. It was then that the parrots-“boys” of this breed begin to sing, exercising their vocal talents. While they are singing their songs, they are marked so that later they will not be confused with “quiet” females. Until the age of six months, other sex differences will not be observed.
How to determine the sex of a cockatiel parrot if the moment of “chanting” has already been missed? When cockatiel chicks are 6-8 months old, they molt. Males after plumage change can become brighter than females. Females can be recognized by their rounded body shape and calm disposition. Accurately and unambiguously determine the sex of a nymph parrot at the age of 1 year.
The one-year-old male Corella is a real handsome man. Its pointed dark wings with white ovals and stripes at the bottom, a magnificent crest of bright yellow feathers with slightly greenish tips, a gray-green beak and a pearly-steel body drive crazy not only females of this species, but also fans of nymphs. The red-orange “cheeks” of male cockatiels are the most memorable touch in their appearance.
Female cockatiels are not so blush, their “cheeks” are not as brightly colored as in males. The body of a female cockatiel has a dusty gray color, sometimes even with a brown tint. There are light yellow spots on the inner side of the girls’ wings. The head of the female nymph parrot is gray, with yellow stripes on the outer edges of the outer tail feathers. Unlike human females, female cockatiels do not like chatter, therefore they are reluctant to learn the pronunciation of phrases and individual words.
When you know how to determine the sex of a cockatiel and budgerigar, you can avoid naming incidents and reduce the risk of “same-sex marriage.” The main thing is that your bird is healthy, cheerful and friendly.!
Why determine the sex of the budgerigar?
A cute chick will eventually become a bright and talkative bird. But how “colorful” his outfit will be, and whether he easily learns to repeat words and phrases depends on gender. In nature, wavy parrots, boys, attract the favorable attention of feathered ladies with the splendor of color and wonderful singing. Girls who are not so elegant budgies have completely different tasks: to give birth and hatch chicks, and coloring is not so important for them.
You need to know the sex of the bird if you want to buy a pair for breeding, take two parrots so that they are not bored, and when you want to teach your pet to speak.
Voskovitsa: finding the differences
The main sign that allows you to understand how to distinguish a budgerigar boy from a girl. color of beak wax.
But the younger the bird, the less informative this sign is. Boys and girls under forty days old cannot be distinguished by wax. In males of the second month of life, the skin growth gradually takes on a delicate pinkish-purple hue. By six months, it turns blue. However, in atypical representatives of the wax species, the color may not change.
And the young budgerigars of the girl, having reached forty days of age, demonstrate a whitish-blue wax or beige, with white highlighting near the nostrils. In a maturing female, this color changes to brown. Sometimes, under stress or moulting, the color of the beak may turn blue, but then the color will return to normal.
How to tell a boy from a girl budgerigar
Who is in front of you: he or she?
Will budgies be talkative and how to distinguish a boy from a girl can be recognized by the behavior of the feathered.
- The male is the leader, he must be noticeable and stand out not only in color. Under natural conditions, the duration of its life and attractiveness in the opposite sex depend on the activity of the feathered.
An agile, noisy and curious “boy” sings louder and more willingly, flaunts with pleasure in front of a mirror and relatives. He sticks to other birds, trying to build hierarchical relationships. An active and courageous budgie boy will bravely step onto your hand for food and quickly get used to the new environment.
- And the girl is patient and restrained. She rarely raises her voice, and does not waste time antics in front of the mirror. The female prefers to calmly contemplate.
But if a parrot gets into a new dwelling, she begins to adjust it to herself: she performs a “general cleaning”, throws out everything unnecessary from the cage. Girls‘ budgies do not speak as readily as males, but their speech is clearer.
Determine the gender by the appearance and song of the parrot
- In addition to the signs of behavior and the color of the wax, parrots differ in paws. in the male they are bluish, and in the females they are pink.
- Along the back and head of the male parrot there is a wavy pattern with clear lines. Over time, “zebrainess” may not be so obvious, but the plumage will become very bright and varied. The female has a more modest “outfit”.
- The crown of the male is larger than that of the female and is flat. The head of the parrot girl is slightly flattened from behind, her forehead is pointed.
- Females bite strongly, sometimes to the point of blood, but males are delicate. their bites are rather demonstrative.
- Do you know how else to identify the budgerigar girl? By chants: they are not as long as those of gentlemen, and less intricate.
If, despite your best efforts, neither you nor the breeder know. how to identify the boy or girl of the budgerigar in front of you, there are only drastic measures left. You can conduct a hormonal study by taking a swab from the cloaca of a wavy feathered for analysis, do an endoscopy, or you can examine the tissue of the pet’s feather shaft. After a medical diagnosis, you will have no doubts.
If you still can’t figure out how to distinguish a boy from a girl, and they couldn’t help you even on the thematic forum, remember, if the bird has laid an egg, then she is a female!))
How does a female differ from a male and why it matters
The female parrot differs from the male in a number of essential characteristics. When starting a parrot, you need to decide on its habitat and come up with a name for your pet. Some owners want the pet to learn to speak, while others do not. Factors depending on the sex of the bird:
- Name. Knowing the sex of the feathered pet, it is much easier to come up with an original name for it. Having named the boy’s parrot Gosha, it will be strange to find a nest with eggs in his cage. It remains only to choose a neutral nickname, without taking into account the individual characteristics of the bird.
- Breeding chicks. In order to start a family of budgerigars, you need to put a couple of birds of different sexes in the cage. If the breeder does not know how to distinguish between a boy and a girl parrot, it will be extremely difficult to get a brood.
- The life of two birds in one cage. If males get along calmly together, then females often do not get along with each other. Birds will often clash, which can lead to the death of one of the females.
- The ability to reproduce sounds. Almost all budgies can learn to speak. The question is how long will it take. The difference between the male and the female in terms of speech is that boys are easier to train. Girls require more patience and time, but they speak clearer than males.
- Features of behavior. Male budgies are friendlier than restless girls. They react positively to a person’s hands, and if they bite, it is only to express displeasure. Females most often do not like to communicate closely with the owner. This is especially pronounced during a surge in hormones, when even a calm girl behaves aggressively.
When choosing a budgie, a person knows in advance which bird he would like to purchase. If you dream of a noisy bird, you should choose a female. Males behave calmly and learn to speak faster.
In order to accurately determine the sex of a wavy parrot, you need to have an idea of the differences in the color gamut of wax beetle in males and females. The sex of the bird is determined starting at four weeks of age. If you have a male wavy parrot in front of you, the chick’s supra-beak formation may have the following features:
how to difference between male and female in all parrots urdu/hindi
- Pink predominates, as well as shades of purple and lilac;
- The wax is uniform in color;
- Sometimes bluish circles can be observed around the nostrils.
The wax bud of the female budgerigar has the following differences:
- The formation is blue or has a light shade of pink and purple;
- The color is heterogeneous, turning into white circles around the nostrils of the bird;
- Parrots of any sex have a purple beak. Note the female’s blue wax.
- The pink wax is not a distinctive feature of the bird. In this case, you need to look at the circles near the nostrils.
It is not always possible to immediately distinguish boys from girls parrots. During the day, the color of the wax can change. If the parrot is already in your hands, it is better to note the shade of the supra-beak formation a couple of times. You can take several photos to clearly see the color change of the wax.
In order to find out the sex of the budgerigar with an accuracy of 100%, professional breeders contact the laboratory. The analysis is carried out using a bird’s pen or an anal swab. With the help of this procedure, the owners learn not only the sex, but also other features of the pet’s body. The main disadvantage of DNA analysis is the high cost of the service, so not everyone can afford this method of determining the sex of a parrot.
If the wax of young parrots is constantly changing, then the supra-beak formation of an adult bird is fully formed. Thanks to this, it is easier to distinguish the sex of budgies at the age of 3-4 months than in the early stages.
In order to find out the sex of a pet, it is enough to know two characteristic colors.
Throughout her life, the girl’s budgie waxworm retains clear peri-spinal circles of white color. The rest of the wax tends to beige with age, often turning brown. If you notice a brown supra-beak formation in a bird, you can be sure that this is a female. In this case, the color of the beak can change depending on the hormonal background. Females are also characterized by an uneven, rough surface of the wax. During nesting, a small growth may appear on it, which later disappears. Albinos, lutino and other mutated species are identified by the same characteristics.
The male budgerigar has a bright blue wax, and the color of its beak can also change throughout life. The beak of albinos and lutino does not change its shade, remaining pink. Sometimes mutated budgerigar boys have blue spots on their beaks.
How to correctly determine the sex of a budgerigar
Genetic determination of the sex of the budgerigar is used only if the breeder finds out the sex of the chick from the parents known to him. At birth, the parrot has a phenotype that is made up of the characteristics of the father and mother. This method is used for mutations linked to the sex of the bird. These include parrots ino, slate, cinnamon, opaline, etc. It is on the basis of the mutation that the sex of the chicks is determined by the genetic method.
For example, if a nestling of an opaline shade is born to normal parents, this is a female, and a cinnamon boy will give birth to females of the same color. The genetic method is quite difficult, but it will help to accurately find out the sex of the budgerigar.
How to determine the sex of a budgerigar using wax
You can distinguish a wavy parrot boy from a girl by looking at his wax. The wax is a supra-beak formation in which the nostrils are located. Determination of the sex of a parrot is carried out through the study of the wax itself, or rather its color. However, there is an important nuance: with age, the shade of the supra-beak formation changes, so the sex determination in chicks and adults is different.
Experienced breeders always make sure that the parrots have a fun and developmental time when the owners are not at home. Most often, a small mirror is hung in the cage, attracting the pet’s attention.
The whole secret lies in the fact that the bird peers into its reflection, and sees not itself, but an imaginary friend with whom you can make friends.
Often there is a picture when the feathered one is talking to someone and cannot calm down. Such a hobby sometimes leads to a situation that the parrots cease to be interested in the owner. And if the pet pays more attention to its imaginary friend, then it is unlikely that he will show himself in the company of the owners.
Advice from experienced breeders: after buying a parrot, it is recommended to devote more free time to it. When the bird gets used to it, you can hang a mirror, but you must not forget about proper care. You need to often feed and talk with him from time to time, train, teach him to talk.
Do budgies see in the dark
When it gets dark, some pets temporarily become blind. Parrots are practically invisible in the evening. The dimmer the lighting in the room, the worse they see. Therefore, each owner should monitor the light in the room and cover the cage with a black cloth at twilight so that nothing could scare the pet at night.
The eyes of birds are very sensitive to light. You cannot abruptly turn on the switch in the room if the parrot is still asleep. It will be a lot of stress for him. You must first make some noise to wake him up a little, only then turn on the lights.
The eyes of people and birds differ in location. If in us and all mammals they are on the front of the head, then in parrots. along the edges. Therefore, they can view almost 360 degrees.
General information about how parrots see
Is Your Parrot Male or Female?
Their visual apparatus consists of components:
- eyelids (lower and upper);
- lacrimal duct;
- eyeballs (their anterior membrane is covered with the cornea, behind it is the lens, which has a different color of the iris).
If we compare the ratio of eyes to body volume, then birds are larger than humans. But that doesn’t mean they see much better.
The very perception of the world is also different. If a person focuses his attention on only one subject, then the birds can focus on 2 things at once. Therefore, it is almost impossible to take them by surprise.
What colors do parrots see the world
Feathered friends distinguish color much more efficiently than human visual receptors. We are familiar with millions of tones, due to the ability of the brain to analyze and absorb blue, red and green shades. Parrots are also excellent at capturing ultraviolet light.
We can only suspect what these birds are admiring. Scientists have long compared the perception of color between humans and cockatiels. They used an analogy with a tetrahedron, in which 1 side represents the capabilities of the human eyeball, and the entire tetrahedron represents the capabilities of the visual apparatus of birds. By this they showed the difference in color perception.
Remember! These domestic birds often have various diseases that appear due to a lack of ultraviolet radiation in the proper amount.
What is the vision of parrots
Parrots are the most beautiful birds. They have a bright plumage for a reason, because can easily recognize each other during the mating season. Even the human visual apparatus is not able to perceive the full range of colors that these pets capture.
What is the vision of parrots
There are 2 types of receptors in the eyes of parrots. rods and cones. The former, which are responsible for night vision, are poorly developed, but the latter are able to recognize colors and function even better than in humans. Parrots see short wavelengths of color in the ultraviolet range. The ability to perceive ultraviolet light plays an important role during the mating season. Feathered display their gorgeous outfit in ultraviolet light.
Bird cones increase the absorption of rays, due to which they capture a lot of frames per second.
How a male sees a female
Since birds, both lovebirds and cockatiels, wavy and others, can perceive ultraviolet light, the opposite sex looks very attractive and beautiful to them. Boys are brighter than girls. Females tend to be darker. The human eye does not see this difference, but the birds always.
In the period of preparation for the reproduction of offspring, females look only at those males who show special signs of attention: they beautifully dance the mating dance and take care of them. As a rule, the choice always falls on colorful and attractive. During the nesting period, they become inseparable.
What is the vision of parrots
Many people are interested in the question of how parrots see our world. To be ready for anything later, breeders need to study this topic in detail. Of course, these colorful birds have color vision, as evidenced by even their bright plumage, due to which the birds can recognize each other. In order for a pet’s vision to remain excellent for a long time, it is necessary to properly take care of your feathered friend. Let’s talk about this.
Vision problems and the first signs of the disease
Know! Healthy parrot eyes. black, bright and deep.
The main prerequisites for the development of malaise of the eyeballs:
- they become cloudy and bluish;
- tearing and suppuration appear;
- the skin around it turns red and crusts.
The main causes of eye diseases in birds are:
- Polluted air (dust, smoke). It is not recommended to smoke at home, because this reason often contributes to the appearance of inflammatory processes.
- Vitamin A deficiency.To prevent the development of the disease, it is necessary to feed your pet with vegetables and fruits every day.
- Infection. Pus appears as a result of pathogenic microorganisms entering the eyeball.
- Injury. A hit on something sharp, a fight between neighbors in a cage, an attempt to fly out a closed window often ends in failure.
- corneal ulcer;
- clouding of the pupil;
Parrots are small birds that, although they live long enough, can easily get sick. Many ailments can turn into a chronic form, therefore, at the slightest suspicion of ailment, it is recommended to immediately contact an ornithologist.
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Having decided to breed parrots, it is desirable, in addition to the knowledge and acquired all the necessary accessories, to have several pairs of budgies. In case of failure with the clutch / chick, you will have a chance to save future offspring and at the same time help restore health to the female / male.
Let’s take a closer look at how the preparation and breeding of budgies takes place.
First, the male and female must be a mature pair and absolutely healthy. The optimal age of birds is from 1.5 to 5 years (a parrot may be older than 5, but not younger than 12 months). These should not be parrots of the same breeder. the risk due to closely related breeding is fraught with genetic diseases with their manifestation in the most serious defects.
Do not allow the bird to clutch during molting, overweight or physically exhausted!
In breeding, the season for domestic budgies is not as crucial as in the wild. Natural nesting of these birds begins in Australia in summer, at a time when we have winter. The seasons are popular with breeders: the end of spring and summer are a long day, all kinds of vitamins are available and the optimal air temperature.
In any case, you decide when to change the nature of the diet and daylight hours for your wavy. Also, in addition to the time of year and the weather, you have to reckon with your personal calendar of affairs and vacations, since the time for incubating eggs and raising chicks is a round-the-clock care and readiness to provide appropriate assistance to the “young family” and its offspring.
The reasons why the clutch turned out without fertilized eggs or with frozen
When there are one or two frozen eggs in a clutch, you should not worry. The female, even out of inexperience, could not warm up all the eggs evenly. If all the offspring died, you should think about the reasons.
These can be infectious diseases of parrots, improperly formulated bird nutrition, poor-quality water, genetic incompatibility of parents, inappropriate humidity in the apartment, or the female is not able to hatch the clutch normally.
In the case of unfertilized eggs, the most common cause is the improper preparation of the birds by the breeder. But it happens that the reason lies in health problems in one or both parrots. Even the wrong position and quality of the perches can affect the result.
Should I interfere
Many breeders are able to let go of the situation after installing the nest house and let the birds deal with the offspring themselves. A fleeting inspection of the nest several times during the entire time seems to them sufficient. But such people are a minority, the rest simply cannot resist and there are two reasons for this: excitement for their favorites and interest in the process.
Some owners, while breeding budgies, are very addicted and may annoy their own birds. This is manifested in constant peeping into the nest, persistent addition of sawdust, when the female still throws them out, and after laying, a regular review of the eggs is added.
It is important to listen to the behavior of a pair of budgies, especially the female. If you see that she is clearly nervous and becomes aggressive when you put your hand in the nest, do not irritate the bird with your presence. In case of urgent need, wait until she comes out of the nest and takes care of the feeder with grain.
You should be very careful when handling eggs. It is better not to pull them out of the nest without the need.
experienced breeders number each egg with a soft, simple pencil so that the sequence in which the chicks emerge can be monitored. If you have already hatched two chicks, and egg number 1 is still in the nest, there is a high probability that something went wrong and the embryo died.
Before lowering your hands into the nest, you can rub your hands with chamomile; some females do not tolerate extraneous odors during the laying period. And they can, in the future, abandon the chicks, after you touch them.
Budgerigar chicks are born every other day. At this moment, the room humidity plays a very important role (the norm is more than 60%). Thanks to this, the chicks can get out of the egg on their own. There is a thin film under the egg shell, and if the air is too dry, it instantly dries to the newborn, which leads to the death of the parrot.
Babies have an “egg tooth” on top of their beak with which they break through the shell wall. The female can also sometimes participate in the process: as soon as the chick makes a small hole, she begins to help him get rid of the remnants of the egg. The shells are usually eaten by females. It happens that curious owners themselves try to help the chick get out of its home, this can only be done if you are confident in the timing of incubation and there is a professional ornithologist next to you who shares your zeal in participating in the process.
Newborn chicks are not much like adult parents: blind, naked, only on the back there may be a little gray fluff. At first, the kids are so helpless and weak that they cannot keep their heads and lie on their backs. The female feeds them in this position. At this time, she is inseparably next to the chicks, and, warming her body, does not allow the babies to freeze.
Only a hatched budgerigar chick weighs 1 gram, more than 1.5 grams are most often the babies of exhibition Czech budgerigars.
Since the chicks do not hatch at the same time, and their development occurs very quickly, then, by the time the last chick appears, the older one will already be quite large compared to the younger one. If there were more than five eggs in the clutch, and the female successfully hatched all the offspring, there is a high risk that the grown chicks can crush the babies.
Preparation for laying
Most often, the owners of budgies begin to prepare birds for nesting about two weeks before the installation of a nest house in a cage.
Ensure that the cage is in a quiet and peaceful place and during this period of time unnecessarily, do not disturb the birds.
The temperature in the room should be at least 15 C, daylight hours. 14-16 hours (if necessary, supplement the illumination with artificial lighting with a smooth transition so as not to provoke molt in birds). Heat is also dangerous for embryos, therefore, the upper air temperature limit should also be monitored.
Some breeders are cutting back on their parrots ‘menus to play on the birds’ natural instincts when they get a rich, vitamin-rich diet later on. But this is not the generally accepted method.
The daily diet of a couple, in addition to grains, seeds, vegetables, fruits and herbs, should include cereals, steamed and sprouted grains (high vitamin E, promotes reproduction), calcium, mineral dressings, an egg (preferably quail) and cottage cheese 2% fat.
The diet of birds should always be varied, regardless of whether you are going to breed parrots or not.
It is very important that your parrots eat all foods.
If you have not taught the parrot to eat something other than several types of grains and carrots with an apple, it is strictly forbidden to breed parrots in this case.!
Your birds simply do not have enough nutrients to carry eggs, lay eggs and feed chicks. Even if offspring appear under such conditions, he will have a very high risk of being born disabled and the development of birds will not go as expected.
During nesting, the female’s body requires enhanced nutrition, enriched with additional products.
To lay a full-fledged egg and form a healthy embryo, in addition to the standard diet, breeders in one day feed parrots with a mixture of carrots, eggs and cottage cheese (source of calcium) and sprouted grain. mash.
You should not enrich the diet of birds in this way every day, since an excessive amount of protein affects hormonal levels and birds can become aggressive towards each other and towards chicks, as well as get problems of the gastrointestinal tract.
Examples of budgies during the breeding season:
-sprouted grains: green lentils, millet, wheat, oats, hemp seed, grated beetroot egg;
-boiled millet and oats and pearl barley beets egg greens;
Some breeders like to add hamarus as a seasoning (freshwater crustaceans are a natural animal protein that can only be used during the breeding season and in small quantities), but this is not necessary, it is enough that you alternate the egg with sprouted grain feed.
Pay attention to how budgerigars eat sepia, mineral stone and mineral mixture, which should always be in the cage. If your birds are not interested in them, you will have to use powdered calcium gluconate tablets as source of calcium and add to the mixture. This will help to avoid the fragility of the eggshell and the embryos to develop safely.
As soon as the female begins to hatch eggs, eliminate soft foods from the parrots‘ diet and double the amount of grain. The egg should now be given in very small quantities and very rarely.
1-2 days before the chicks appear, the female needs to be fed again with an egg containing carotene-containing vegetables (carrots, pumpkin, bell peppers), herbs and sprouted grains.
How to feed budgies chicks, we will consider in this article.
After two weeks of preparation, a nest house can be installed. Find out what the nest for budgies should be here.
When nesting, parrots should not be allowed out of their cage for a walk.
During the mating season, the male’s waxen becomes a deep blue color, while that of the female is brown, even slightly enlarged. This is a sign of “surging” hormones. The courtship of the male becomes more intrusive, some females hardly eat until the male feeds them, although they themselves are not yet sitting in the nest.
It is very interesting to watch the wavy couple cooing before mating. The male begins to actively nod his head, chirp, and dances and twitching begin. the parrot knocks with its beak on all objects and on the female’s beak. Sometimes the female takes part in the dance. Making all sorts of sounds, the male does not forget to treat the young lady with food from his beak. This ritual, as it were, confirms the seriousness of the male’s intentions. After all, after the female leaves for the nest to incubate eggs, the male becomes the main breadwinner and guard.
Be sure to disinfect all items that you need during this time. The cage, drinkers, feeders and toys are soaked in hot water with a weak solution of whiteness, and then rinsed thoroughly. The house itself is disassembled, cleaned with baby soap, dried, then calcined in the oven at 120 degrees for 30-40 minutes, some, after a good bath of the nest, ignite it on a gas burner until the outer wall becomes hot. it all depends on how and what is it made of.
It will not be superfluous to add dry medicinal chamomile to the sawdust that you will pour into the nest. it prevents the appearance of gamasid mites.