home Dogs How dogs behave after castration

How dogs behave after castration

Dog neutering: effects on health and behavior

dogs, behave, castration

Neutering a dog is a procedure designed to deprive an animal of its ability to reproduce. Often, however, this procedure is used concurrently to influence the dog’s unwanted behavior.

Neutering a dog is often confused with neutering. In fact, both treatments make the dog sterile. However, castration consists in removing the testes and epididimids in men and the ovaries, fallopian tubes and uterus in women. Sterilization. only cutting or ligating the vas deferens in men and cutting the fallopian tubes in women.

Cut out the so-called Gonads, that is, the nuclei and ovaries during castration, affect the hormonal balance of the animal. it suppresses the production of sex hormones in them. This is a result that not only prevents the dog from reproducing, but also affects its behavior and health.

Castration. health benefits

With the ovaries removed, dogs rarely suffer from ropomotis, endometriosis, and tumors of the reproductive organs and mammary glands. Neutering also helps prevent and even treat diabetes in dogs, especially in bitches, where hormonal changes can negatively affect glucose metabolism, according to research.

Healthy and proper nutrition

Proper care of your dog after neutering must include a healthy and balanced diet, which will speed up the animal’s recovery process. You should not start feeding immediately after the operation, the dog can safely do without food for 12 hours maximum, without harm to health.

If the pet is very weak at first, then feeding can provoke vomiting in him and will only worsen his condition. After you see that your pet has grown stronger and stands firmly on 4 paws, then you can give him a drink of water.

The nutrition of the dog after castration should be correct and healthy:

  • the animal after castration must adhere to a healthy diet for at least 7 days;
  • it is recommended to use only light food for feeding;
  • soups and canned foods are ideal;
  • dry feed mixtures can also be used, but they will first need to be softened in water;
  • it is recommended to feed in a small amount, because it is not advisable for the dog to strain too much during the bowel movement, because this can lead to dehiscence of the seams.

Seam processing

Occasionally, you may need to use medications that relieve pain. Their use depends on various factors:

  • on the degree of sensitivity of the animal;
  • some animals cannot tolerate even mild painful sensations on their own, for this reason, analgesics are required for relief;
  • if severe pain complicates the rehabilitation period, increases its duration.

In addition, suture processing may be required after the operation. To spend it at home, you should follow these recommendations:

  • the need for processing may depend on the type of material used for suturing;
  • usually after the operation, the doctor himself prescribes special agents with an antiseptic effect, which will need to be used to treat the stitches;
  • the veterinarian should talk about how the stitching is done;
  • if there is swelling, swelling, redness, blood or even pus in the seam area, then you should immediately contact your veterinarian.

Postoperative care

Features of care on the first day

The behavior of the dog after castration on the first day can alert any owner, especially if he is faced with this procedure for the first time, but do not panic. The main thing is to provide your pet with all the necessary conditions so that he can quickly bounce back.

Important! After arriving home, the dog may require increased attention from the owner. It should be borne in mind that during this period she may have severe discomfort, and pain throughout the body may also be noted, so you should make every effort to alleviate the condition of the animal.

On the first day after castration, the following important recommendations should be followed:

  • At first, the dog feels severe pain, discomfort, discomfort throughout the body, namely in the muscles, and general weakness is also observed. To reduce all these unpleasant phenomena, it must be laid on a flat surface or a lounger and covered with a blanket;
  • the lounger should not be in a place where there is a strong draft. It is also not recommended to place it next to the battery;
  • in no case should a heating pad be used for warming up. This can provoke internal bleeding;
  • it should be borne in mind that in a dream the animal can urinate, for this it is worth putting a diaper under it. Do not forget to change it in time, otherwise the pet may get very cold;
  • once every 30 minutes, the pet should change its position, therefore it is recommended to shift it from one side to the other;
  • usually on the first day after castration, the dog is constantly sleeping. During this period, it is worthwhile to closely monitor its condition; it is also recommended to pay attention to the seam from time to time;
  • at first, pain and pain in the eyes may occur. To prevent unpleasant manifestations, it is required to bury special drops of “artificial tears”, they will provide the necessary hydration of the mucous membranes.

Post-castration canine diet principles

The main dietary treatment for dogs and bitches after neutering and neutering should be to provide an amount of energy that meets the need, but does not activate the mechanisms of accumulation of reserve ingredients. Thus, body weight must be controlled and considered essential in the prevention of obesity. especially in breeds that are genetically predisposed to obesity.

There are no ingredients in the diet that are a direct cause of overweight or obesity. only too many of them can lead to such diseases. Each of the nutrients is essential for the proper functioning of the body, a diet devoid of any of them is an inadequate diet.

Undoubtedly, the emergence of overweight and obesity contributes to the excessive participation in the diet of fats and carbohydrates.

READ  How To Give Smecta To A Dog With Diarrhea Dosage

There are many low calorie diets available on the market, both for weight loss of animals and for maintaining their weight after losing weight, so you can always choose the right food for the needs of the animal.

Commercial weight loss foods provide the required amount of all nutrients, but at a reduced energy value. Therefore, you should give food for weight loss, at least the amount of your normal daily food, because reducing the dose of such food can cause a deficiency of certain nutrients (for example, proteins).

Did Neutering Change My Siberian Husky Forever?

Why did she become aggressive

Often, household members are faced with the phenomenon that the dog is aggressive after castration. Veterinarians explain the strange behavior for two reasons. First of all, the effect of anesthesia should not be disregarded. Narcotic substances negatively affect the functioning of the animal’s brain, which can be accompanied by aggression.

Inappropriate behavior of the dog after surgery is most often observed due to pain. Aggressive behavior is typical for females, since their wound area is much larger than in male castration.

Does the dog mark after castration

Unfortunately, the dog can tag after castration. The operation is not an absolute guarantee that the dog will stop marking territory. According to veterinarians, castration, as a panacea for undesirable animal behavior, is possible only before puberty. At a later age, if the dog has developed behavioral manners during the sexual hunt, castration does not always allow you to rid furniture and things of the dog’s marks.

Post-castration urinary incontinence in a dog

In some cases, a complication from the excretory system may develop in four-legged pets after surgical removal of the gonads. Post-castration urinary incontinence, as observed by veterinarians and experienced breeders, is more common in large breeds.

As a rule, this phenomenon is a consequence of the restructuring of the hormonal background, as a result of which the smooth muscles of the bladder become less sensitive. Drug treatment or surgery will help correct the deficiency.

Why the dog doesn’t go to the toilet

Often during the rehabilitation period, the owner is faced with the problem that the dog after castration does not go to the toilet. Constipation in this situation is caused by several reasons. First of all, narcotic drugs used during surgery negatively affect the motor function of the digestive system.

As a rule, before the operation, the animal was on a starvation diet, and after castration, food intake can be postponed for 2 or even 3 days. Such a large interval often provokes constipation in a dog.

Correct feeding of semi-liquid food in fractional portions will help to eliminate the trouble. If necessary, the veterinarian will prescribe laxatives or give a cleansing enema.

Why are the eggs swollen?

3-4 days after the removal of the gonads in males, the owner may find that after castration the eggs in the dog are swollen. Scrotal edema is a common postoperative reaction and usually resolves on its own. If the excessive swelling has not gone away 5-7 days after the operation, then the dog must be shown to a veterinarian.

Fistula as a result of surgery

Infection of the postoperative suture often leads to the development of a ligature fistula in a dog after castration. The cause of the trouble is the violation of the rules of septic and asepsis during the processing of suture material during the rehabilitation period or its contamination during the operation.

A characteristic sign of the disease is inflammation and redness of the tissues around the wound, the appearance of purulent exudate. Fistulas can lead to the development of an inflammatory process of the peritoneum and even sepsis.

Having found a ligature fistula in a pet, the owner should immediately show it to a veterinarian. To help the animal, a professional removes decayed suture material, conducts antiseptic tissue processing. If necessary, the dog is prescribed antibacterial drugs intramuscularly.

Watch this video on why you need to neuter your pet:

Nutrition of the dog after castration

One of the prerequisites for the successful course of the postoperative period is adherence to a special diet. First of all, the owner should know that the dog can be fed only after it has recovered from the anesthesia and will be able to eat on its own, as a rule, not earlier than 24 hours after the operation. Force-feeding is strictly prohibited, as it can lead to serious consequences, up to the development of aspiration pneumonia and suffocation.

In the first days after castration, the portions should be small. The dog should be fed 4-5 times a day with semi-liquid food. Meat (chicken) and fish broths are perfect for these purposes. After 2-3 days, liquid cereals, for example, oatmeal, can be added to the diet.

Chicken or quail eggs are suitable as source of protein and vitamins in the postoperative period. To prevent constipation, the diet should be enriched with lactic acid products. kefir, yogurt. In the event that before castration the dog preferred dry food, then in the first days after castration, the dog must be given only soaked.

In some cases, the pet may vomit after the first meals. This phenomenon is due to the fact that narcotic substances are still in the blood for a long time and negatively affect the motor and secretory function of the body.

Changes after dog castration

The owner of the operated pet should carefully monitor his condition and know what complications and deviations there may be.

Caring for a dog after castration

As soon as the dog recovers from anesthesia, it can be taken home, in the absence of complications. The most important thing a pet needs after castration is care and peace. For a while, refuse to receive guests and visit crowded places, pay maximum attention to the dog. If there is suppuration or divergence of the sutures, or there are any alarming symptoms, contact your veterinarian immediately.

Make sure you arrange a warm place for your neutered dog in advance. If the animal lives on the street, it is advisable to temporarily take it into the house. So the likelihood of bringing an infection will be significantly lower.

2 weeks after surgery

So, the most crucial period of time is over. Continue to monitor the pet, provide the dog with a “light mode”. do not overload with training, active games, long runs, swimming.

Contraindications for castration

Before the operation, the veterinarian examines the dog to rule out possible contraindications. The main factors influencing the decision to neuter an animal are:

  • unsuitable age. up to 5 months or older than 6 years (without urgent medical need);
  • diseases of the kidneys and cardiovascular system;
  • less than a month has passed since vaccination;
  • violation of appetite, behavior, loss or dull color of the dog’s coat;
  • weakened state after illness.
READ  What to do if your dog becomes aggressive

Preparing for surgery

Please note that self-respecting experts will not undertake to castrate a dog on the day of treatment. In the clinic, blood and urine should be taken from the animal for analysis, ultrasound diagnostics of internal organs should be done, and the heart’s work should be checked. The preparatory period will not require any special procedures, but nevertheless you should take it seriously and adhere to the recommendations.

The first day after castration

In the first hours after the release from anesthesia, the dog can be given a small amount of water to drink. You can not feed the animal, as it is difficult for him to swallow and may vomit after anesthesia.

If, after castration, the dog described himself, in no case scold him. this is normal in the first 12 hours after the operation. When the dog finally wakes up, you can go for a mini-walk so that he pee.

After 4 hours, the dog can be offered some food, but do not be alarmed if the pet refuses to eat. Appetite may be absent for 1-2 days.

In the first days after castration, watch the suture. If a dog licks or gnaws a wound, wear a protective collar around its neck.

Usually, after castration, it is necessary to give the animal antibiotics and treat the seam with an antiseptic. Follow your veterinarian’s recommendations.

Chemical castration

An alternative to surgery is the so-called chemical castration. This method is reversible and consists in administering a drug (capsule) to the dog that affects reproductive function. The production of sex hormones stops after a month. The effect lasts from 6 months to a year.

Chemical castration can be recommended for animals with intolerance to anesthetics, weak immunity, as well as for hunting, service and guard breeds to improve working qualities.

After the expiration of the drug, or removal of the capsule, fertility is restored. Chemical castration does not give a guaranteed 100% result and is expensive, therefore it is almost never used in Russia.

Why neuter a dog

As we have found, neutering a dog means removing the reproductive organs of an animal of either sex. But why is this operation necessary? And why can’t you limit yourself to sterilization??

Veterinarians recommend neutering bitches and males in some cases.

  • Cryptochrism is a condition where one or two testicles in a male dog are not descended into the scrotum. Due to a congenital anomaly, there is a high likelihood of developing an egg tumor, so it is better to take preventive measures.
  • Prostatitis, cysts and other growths in the gonads are direct indications for castration of males.
  • Complications in a bitch during pregnancy or after childbirth can threaten the life and health of the animal. If the dog has reached puberty, there is a risk of uncontrolled conception, which is important to prevent with surgery.
  • The development of oncology of the reproductive system and pyometra (purulent endometritis) in bitches is radically prevented.
  • If the dog is used as a sled, guard, hunting or guide dog, castration will increase its performance. After castration, the animal will not run away in search of a partner and will be able to concentrate on the task.
  • The dog’s behavior may be inadequate due to an overabundance of sex hormones. It is necessary to castrate males with bouts of unreasonable aggression, spontaneous ejaculation, and frequent accidental erection. After the operation, the behavior of the pet changes for the better. the dogs stop marking territory, throw themselves at other dogs, do not try to dominate the owner, become more controllable and balanced. Changes in character are more pronounced in males than in females. Now they go out for a walk and a toilet, not for adventure. However, in this situation, it is important to distinguish between hormonal imbalance and the usual bad manners of the pet. If the first is corrected by castration, then flaws in training and bad character will not go anywhere.

Thus, neutering dogs solves problems that cannot be dealt with with neutering. Experts recommend spaying all bitches from which it is not planned to get offspring, and if indicated, it is necessary to castrate them. In relation to males, it is worth focusing on the health, behavior and lifestyle of the dogs, castration is carried out selectively.

ROSCO GETS NEUTERED | What to Expect After Your Dog is Fixed

Optimal age of a dog for neutering

It is best to neuter your dog shortly after puberty. Therefore, the ideal age for neutering varies depending on the breed and health of the individual dog. In miniature pets, weighing up to 10 kg, puberty occurs at 5-8 months of age, in representatives of medium and large breeds. from 8 months to 1 year, in giants this period reaches 2 years. At what age to castrate your dog, the veterinarian will tell you after examining the animal.

Important: neutering of a dog for medical reasons is carried out regardless of its age.

Choosing the optimal time for castration really makes sense, if possible. The operation, performed very early, can lead to abnormalities in the development of the puppy and problems with the genitourinary system. If a male or female dog was castrated at a mature age, it is often not necessary to count on improving their behavior, since the habits have long been ingrained. In addition, older dogs are more difficult to tolerate anesthesia and take longer to recover than their younger counterparts. Animals 8 years and older are usually castrated for medical reasons only.

Note: veterinary practice in Russia and Europe is different. In EU countries, puppies under 2 months of age can be neutered. However, domestic veterinarians recommend waiting for at least 6 months of age.

Features of transportation

Dog grooming should begin after surgery. The most serious and dangerous stage of the castration operation for a dog is anesthesia. During anesthesia, powerful drugs can be used that can negatively affect the health of the animal.

Therefore, it is advisable to first consult with a veterinarian before subjecting your pet to this procedure. At the reception, he will be able to give a number of recommendations and tips that will be useful at the stage of preparing the animal for surgery, as well as identify possible contraindications for the use of anesthesia for the pet.

To transport the animal from the veterinary clinic to the home without unpleasant consequences for the dog, it is imperative to remember several important features:

  • the veterinarian usually lets the dog go home after castration, provided that it can stand normally on all four legs;
  • do not immediately tie a leash around your neck and take the animal home. If the pet is small, then it can be carried on the hands. If the dog is a giant breed, then it is necessary to organize transportation for it;
  • If the animal looks lethargic, is uncomfortable, and does not feel better after taking pain relievers, the veterinarian may leave the animal in the clinic overnight. In a specialized institution, experienced specialists can observe him and, if necessary, they will be able to provide timely assistance;
  • after anesthesia, the organs and all processes in the dog’s body work slower than usual, for this reason it can quickly freeze even in hot weather. It is better to take a warm blanket or blanket with which you can cover your pet during transportation.
READ  Why Does a Dog Get Nervous When Eat

Protection against viral infections

Do not self-medicate your pet after surgery, otherwise you can seriously harm its health. It is better to consult with a veterinarian beforehand. To protect the animal from viral infections, he can prescribe the use of the following types of funds:

  • for the treatment of the seam by the veterinarian, antiseptic agents in the form of solutions or ointments can be prescribed;
  • antibiotic therapy is mandatory, during which the doctor prescribes special antibiotics for dogs;
  • additionally, to enhance the immune system, it is recommended to give your pet vitamin complexes.

Postoperative care

A quick and normal recovery of a dog after neutering depends on proper care of it. Do not hope that the animal will be able to cope with all the difficulties on its own. Of course, it will cope, but at this time it will definitely need help from the owner.

Seam processing

The condition of the seams in males and females can be very different. For example, in males after castration, it is not required to constantly monitor and process the seams, because they usually occupy a small area, but in bitches, on the contrary, during the sterilization operation, a large incision is made, respectively, and a large seam is applied. It is for this reason that swelling and edema of the operated area is often noted in bitches. However, males may also have swelling in the scrotum for 5-7 days, as lymph accumulates there. Do not worry about this, this is a protective reaction of the body.

Occasionally, you may need to use medications that relieve pain. Their use depends on various factors:

  • on the degree of sensitivity of the animal;
  • some animals cannot tolerate even mild painful sensations on their own, for this reason, analgesics are required for relief;
  • if severe pain complicates the rehabilitation period, increases its duration.

In addition, suture processing may be required after the operation. To spend it at home, you should follow these recommendations:

  • the need for processing may depend on the type of material used for suturing;
  • usually after the operation, the doctor himself prescribes special agents with an antiseptic effect, which will need to be used to treat the stitches;
  • the veterinarian should talk about how the stitching is done;
  • if there is swelling, swelling, redness, blood or even pus in the seam area, then you should immediately contact your veterinarian.

Dog after castration. basic rules of care and feeding

Castration is a difficult procedure for a dog. This procedure is carried out with the aim of depriving the animal’s ability to further reproduce. Usually they resort to it when keeping a dog in an apartment or house, where it is undesirable to get offspring from him.

In order to be prepared for possible unpleasant consequences and problems that may arise after this operation, it is imperative to know how the dog should behave after castration, as well as the rules for caring for it during this period.

Possible complications in a dog after castration surgery

Sometimes complications can occur after castration of a male dog, but these are rare. The main thing is to strictly follow the rules of care and the recommendations of a veterinarian. True, breeders note that the following problems may occur after the operation:

  • in the first 3-4 days, the animal may have problems with defecation. To solve this problem, it is worth revising the menu of your pet. He needs to be fed only with liquid food, you can also give mashed potatoes;
  • there is disorientation on the ground, but it usually goes away the next day;
  • mild nausea may occur, especially during the period of the animal’s recovery from anesthesia;
  • loss of appetite;
  • general weakness;
  • drowsiness or restless sleep.

These are common symptoms that usually go away on their own without the intervention of a doctor. However, suppuration and inflammation of the wound may occur, and the animal may also have a fever, pain when walking, or rupture of the suture. In these cases, you should immediately contact your veterinarian.

Features of care on the first day

The behavior of the dog after castration on the first day can alert any owner, especially if he is faced with this procedure for the first time, but do not panic. The main thing is to provide your pet with all the necessary conditions so that he can quickly bounce back.

Important! After arriving home, the dog may require increased attention from the owner. It should be borne in mind that during this period she may have severe discomfort, and pain throughout the body may also be noted, so you should make every effort to alleviate the condition of the animal.

On the first day after castration, the following important recommendations should be followed:

  • At first, the dog feels severe pain, discomfort, discomfort throughout the body, namely in the muscles, and general weakness is also observed. To reduce all these unpleasant phenomena, it must be laid on a flat surface or a lounger and covered with a blanket;
  • the lounger should not be in a place where there is a strong draft. It is also not recommended to place it next to the battery;
  • in no case should a heating pad be used for warming up. This can provoke internal bleeding;
  • it should be borne in mind that in a dream the animal can urinate, for this it is worth putting a diaper under it. Do not forget to change it in time, otherwise the pet may get very cold;
  • once every 30 minutes, the pet should change its position, therefore it is recommended to shift it from one side to the other;
  • usually on the first day after castration, the dog is constantly sleeping. During this period, it is worthwhile to closely monitor its condition; it is also recommended to pay attention to the seam from time to time;
  • at first, pain and pain in the eyes may occur. To prevent unpleasant manifestations, it is required to bury special drops of “artificial tears”, they will provide the necessary hydration of the mucous membranes.
FUNDAYUNA.COM 2021