Teaching the budgerigar to talk
First, you should get to know the bird and win it over to you. Your “lessons” in teaching conversation depend on how quickly you connect with her.
After you notice that the wavy has got used to: calmly eats, examines the surrounding objects with interest and makes some sounds, you can begin to tame the baby.
Each time, approaching the cage, in a calm and affectionate voice, pronounce the name of the baby. Try to keep the cage close to where you spend the most time. You will be in the bird’s field of vision and can periodically refer to it. In addition to the name of the parrot, say “hello” when you enter the room where the feathered friend lives and “bye” when you leave.
Conduct your lessons in a relaxed environment without distractions or strangers. A parrot that has not yet quite got used to it will not be able to relax normally and listen to your words.
It is desirable that the hissing sounds be present in the name of the wavy. the birds sympathize with the like and imitate them exceptionally well, the lingering sound “r” also encourages the feathered to repeat.
You can try doing regular lessons at the end of the day at the same time. Before the sun sets, the bird usually behaves more calmly and more easily concentrates its attention on you.
Budgerigars “connect” actions and words well. When treating the bird with an apple, you can bring a piece to your mouth, imitating eating, and exclaim: “delicious!” In the future, if you want to treat the wavy with some new fruit or herbs, you just need to pronounce this word.
You can use other words that are comfortable for you and sound attractive to your feathered friend. The main thing is to clearly pronounce each letter and pronounce the learning word more often.
Approach the cage and say the name and affectionate epithets affectionately. Gradually, the parrot, upon seeing you, will move to the nearest cage wall and listen to your conversation.
Don’t expect your toddler to immediately start inserting his words. Even an already talking budgie, hearing you, will shut up and listen.
Do not immediately load the bird with an abundance of phrases, it will be enough at first to say: “Tosha or Tosha is good”, and not “Tosha is such a good boy.” Although in the future, the words “what, such” will also firmly enter the parrot’s vocabulary. they will gladly insert them everywhere during a conversation.
Birds are very fond of rewards in the form of a slice of carrot, dandelion leaf or salad. Maintain your contact with a variety of treats.
But since everything is very individual, consider these tips through the prism of your lifestyle and the nature of your budgie.
How to teach a budgerigar to speak?
The ability of wavy people to copy sounds and speech amazingly has been known for a long time. When buying a bird, the owners ask the sellers to choose a talented parrot for them, which will surely chat.
In the marketplace, you can hear sellers touting their birds as great talkers. They are only right that this species of bird is really inclined to imitate human speech, but this does not mean at all that every budgerigar after purchase will become a rhyme-maker or a great talker.
How to choose a healthy bird.
How, after all, to increase your chances of buying a wavy talent for speech?
In addition to the fact that the bird should look lively, healthy: with clean plumage and beak, clear eyes, a few more nuances should be taken into account.
If you want to teach a bird to speak, then buy a young wavy, before the first molt (1.5-2 months). The chick quickly adapts to the new environment, he is more trusting, and you, with your love and care, will successfully take the place of parents or best friend in his heart.
It does not have to be a male, a young female can also be very talented.
You can read how to determine the sex of a budgerigar here.
Is it possible to quickly teach a budgerigar to talk?
There is only one answer to this question: it all depends on you, your behavior and the ability of the bird. It is impossible, having bought a parrot today, to guarantee that in a week he will speak. The adaptation and domestication itself can take from a week to a month, or even more.
It is also important how exactly you will teach the feathered fidget to speak.
Each bird needs an individual approach. Getting acquainted with your wavy, you will get to know its character, habits and needs. The bird, in turn, also studies you, tries to determine who you are: an enemy or a friend, and only then goes to rapprochement if it does not see a threat in you.
Some waves, after they begin to pronounce their name, the sounds of a kiss and “hello” can no longer stop, they remember sentences, quatrains and funny songs. Their abilities develop in the future, even when you do not teach them new words, they still snatch out the phrases they like when they hear them on the radio or TV.
At first, you will only hear a sound vaguely similar to a word, but every day the name of the bird will be pronounced more clearly.
They say whether female budgerigars
It is believed that boys are better at learning to talk than girls. This is not entirely true. Although females are inferior in talkativeness to males, many successfully learn and pronounce words as well as boys.
Girls pronounce phrases a little more clearly, while boys have a wider vocabulary.
To teach the conversation of budgies of both sexes, you should show great patience and persistently, day after day, repeat the words to the bird.
Answer to the question: Do the girls say?
It so happened that most often a pair is acquired either at once: a male and a female or a male. Therefore, the opinion that only males speak is wrong.
Why females learn a little worse?
With insufficient tenacity of the owner, even wavy guys do not start talking.
It is provided by nature so that males always try to show themselves, their goal is to please the female. Therefore, their willingness to make contact helps in the learning process.
Females, on the other hand, are less eager to please, they are engaged in choosing a partner in the pack or a friend in the face of the owner. If affection is established between you, the bird will definitely speak. But she must choose you as the interlocutor.
Can several budgies be taught to talk??
Yes, but provided that the initial training lessons were conducted with each separately. If the birds were first hooked up, and then they began to teach, there is practically no chance of getting them to talk. Living together, budgerigars are so much fun and have someone to talk to. Even just taming birds living together is much more difficult, what to say about conversations.
There are cases when, having hooked up a second parrot to the talker, the latter also began to pronounce a few words, learning from his friend.
Attempts to teach both budgerigars to talk can be an interesting experience for the owner and a fun pastime for the birds.
You will need to continue to remind the feathered words and not deprive the fidget of attention. Perhaps new phrases will no longer be grasped on the fly, but the old words will still remain in the memory of the mischievous person.
Do not forget that even all your attempts and correct actions may not have a positive result. The reason is that some feathered favorites like to imitate ambient sounds more than human speech.
They can learn to pronounce a couple of words and, during a period of inspiration, give them out, but most often you will hear: overflows of water, drill, creak, squelch, smack and squeak. simply because the bird likes them better.
Patience, kindness and love for your budgerigar will be compensated by many years of friendship with such a wonderful and incredibly cheerful creature. And, it will become clear that it does not matter at all how talented your feathered pet is in copying human speech.
From egg to chick
The female lays 3 to 10 eggs. With successful fertilization, the first egg appears in the clutch after 18 days, this is how long the incubation period lasts. Sometimes fertilization fails, and the first egg appears six months later. Each new egg is incubated every other day.
The number of eggs is different, from three to ten, usually 5-6. In young individuals, the number of eggs is minimal, in females with experience. more. As soon as 2-3 eggs appear, the female prepares to hatch. The partner continues to care for the female, feeds her, but does not participate in hatching.
Newborn chicks bear little resemblance to their parents. Blind and bare-skinned offspring lie on their backs for the first three days. After a week, the eyes open, and after ten days the first signs of plumage appear.
At two weeks, the parrot is covered with fluff and its flight and tail feathers are formed. By three weeks, the pet is considered grown-up. After about a month, the chicks leave the nesting house, and after a couple of days they are placed in a separate dwelling.
How to breed budgies at home
Sweet couple. Budgerigars, as a pet species, are ideal. They are trainable, unpretentious and live a long time at home.
Not surprisingly, having become attached to a parrot, the owner wants to get a little likeness of a pet. The desire is feasible, it is enough to heed the recommendations.
Intimate moment: mating
When the mating of the male becomes pronounced, mating begins. The act is quick and often the owner does not notice the actions of the pets. Usually the female, offering herself, spreads herself out to a horizontal position. The partner sits on her back, embracing her with wings and fertilizes. Depending on the physiological state of the pet, fertilization ends the first time, but sometimes it takes up to several weeks.
It is curious, but for successful mating, 2-3 weeks before the act, the bird must fly for a long time. During walks, they increase their metabolism, strengthen their muscles and increase their appetite.
Plastic nests are not comfortable, durable, or practical. Wooden houses have good heat transfer and a texture that is comfortable for parrots. There are three types of finished nests:
- Vertical house. Horizontal. Convenient for the female to enter, the clutch is not damaged during maturation. The disadvantage is the low entrance opening, which provokes early emergence of chicks from the nest.
- Vertical. The entrance hole is located high, the chicks will remain in the nest until they are fully formed, but there is a risk that the female will ruin the clutch when entering.
- Compression. The most pet friendly house. The structure is convenient for the female and the younger generation. An extra step keeps the masonry safe.
If desired, the nest house is made by hand. You will need two 2020 cm boards for the side walls, four boards 2520 cm wide and 2520 cm high, two door hinges, self-tapping screws, a drill, a jigsaw and a screwdriver.
- In the board intended for the bottom, a 1-2 cm depression is made in the center for laying eggs.
- In the front board in the upper corner, at a distance of 3 cm from the ceiling and wall, a notch with a diameter of 5 cm is cut out.Under it, a step 3 cm high and 6 cm wide is nailed from the inside out.
- A hole is drilled between the tap hole and the step for the perch. On the outside, the perch protrudes 10 cm forward, from the inside by 1.5 cm.
- Side walls, front, back wall and bottom are fastened with self-tapping screws, every 10 cm.
- The lid on one side is fixed on the door hinges, for easy cleaning.
Sawdust is required for the home. Sawdust of fruit trees mixed with chamomile flowers in a layer of 1 cm are poured into the bottom.
Often the nest is installed outside the cage, using the door as an entrance to the notch. The decision is made by saving space inside the home. In general, this approach is not considered correct. A female sitting on eggs is calmer if she hears the movement of a partner in the same territory.
Starting a family
Matching is considered equally important. By their nature, parrots are monogamous, if sympathy happens, it persists throughout life. It is noticed that in the wild, it is the female who initiates the acquaintance with the future partner.
If the owner has an adult parrot, then a young female four months old is selected to create a bird family. When the female is growing up, the pair will make friends, and the female will not show aggressiveness towards the partner.
If the owner has a sexually mature female, then an experienced male is acquired for the company. In this case, the dominance of the female will be muted. After the purchase, the parrots are kept in different cages. If the birds show interest in each other, after a few days the novice is moved to the old resident.
If the owner acquires a pair of parrots, it is important to make sure that the pets are not related. Mating is possible, but, unfortunately, there is a high probability of genetic abnormalities in the offspring.
Acquaintance. Mating games in an established pair of budgies begin during the period of a surge in hormones. It can be observed by the changed color of the wax. In the male, it becomes intense blue, in the female, brown, slightly increased in size.
Parrots’ behavior changes. The partner actively looks after, chirps, often nods his head and tries to feed the partner. If the female shows the location, the male begins to tap with his beak on objects in the cage and on the female’s beak.
If the female takes part in mating games and waits for her partner to feed her, then the couple is considered arranged. The duration of mating games depends on the temperament of the partners. The main sign of readiness for breeding is considered the moment when the female begins to throw sawdust out of the nest.
Prerequisites for reproduction
In their natural habitat, parrots breed all year round. Warm weather and long daylight hours are conducive to the constant reproduction of offspring. How do you get budgies to breed? Obeying the laws of nature, at home, birds have every chance for successful reproduction, subject to several rules:
- Buy a spacious cage and a cozy parrot nest. Artificial extension of daylight hours.
- The presence of a spacious cage and nest.
- Proper feeding and.
Summer is considered the best breeding season. In winter and early spring, birds suffer from avitaminosis or moult. Lack of green food and ultraviolet radiation make the pet weakened and lethargic.
The offspring conceived at such a time is underdeveloped or dies in the egg. Therefore, reproduction is planned when the sun is at its zenith for a long time and there are enough vitamin products to support the body during the period of laying and incubating eggs.
In autumn and winter, reproduction is possible if the day is artificially extended to 16 hours with additional lighting and the mandatory temperature regime of 20 ° C is maintained.
These simple rules apply to those pets that have reached a certain age and are able to breed chicks. On the contrary, if pets have not reached puberty or have reached old age, such conditions do not need to be created.
It is known that budgerigars are considered sexually mature at 5-7 months. However, despite the earlier development, the internal organs are not fully formed, therefore, individuals from a year old are allowed to reproduce. The peak of fertility occurs after two years and persists after reaching the age of four.
A couple of parrots for a year with moderate offspring is able to grow 2-3 broods. Reproductive ability lasts up to nine years if the bird is kept at the proper level.
Risks and failures
It happens that the owners dream of the offspring of their pets, but time passes, and the cherished egg never appears. Why don’t budgies breed? What mistakes were made?
- Pets may not like each other. Pets have the same gender.
- Conditions of keeping and feeding are not sustained.
- Lovers have no sympathy for each other.
- Lack of nesting house.
- Inappropriate age.
It happens that unfertilized eggs are present in the clutch. If there are two or three of them with a large number, then most likely the female was unable to warm up completely. The reason may also be the inability of the female to hatch eggs, genetic incompatibility, inappropriate temperature and humidity in the room.
In fact, the reproduction of budgerigars is an unpretentious occupation. The main task of the owner is to create the necessary conditions, increased feeding and hygiene.
Certain types of behavior
Budgerigars have a very changeable character and their own perception of the world around them. They can have fun and sing, and in a minute they will ruffle and grumble. Some birds have an agreeable disposition and therefore they quite easily make contact, others behave rather aggressively, others are cowardly and can constantly hide from fellows or people.
The owner must understand the behavior of his pet in order to be able to understand in time when everything is in order with him, and when something is wrong. Of course, you won’t be able to change the character of the “wavy”, but you can change his attitude towards the owner personally. Observing these birds for a long time, one can come to the conclusion that their habits are divided into two types:
Let’s take a closer look at each type of budgerigar behavior.
Sometimes, observing a budgerigar, you may notice that it opens its beak several times in a row. over, the bird does not make any sounds. Many owners may be afraid of this oddity. Let’s figure out what can cause this behavior.
Firstly, pets in this way try to clear their throats after they have cleaned the plumage. The fact is that during such a hygienic procedure, a small part of the fluff gets into their throat, and the parrots are trying to get rid of it.
Secondly, this behavior may be due to the fact that the bird choked on something. There is no need to worry. “wavy” easily cope with such problems.
Thirdly, the parrot opens its mouth because it is infected with a tracheal mite. In this case, these movements are accompanied by a sluggish appearance of the pet, loss of appetite and a decrease in its activity. If you notice something like this for your feathered friend, immediately contact your veterinarian for advice. Only he will be able to make a more accurate diagnosis after examining the bird and prescribe treatment.
It is very bad if the budgerigar breathes with an open mouth. This avian behavior indicates that he has problems with the respiratory tract. If the bird has been doing this for a long time and in a sitting position, it may have been sick for a long time. Take your pet to the veterinarian urgently for timely intervention.
Often the behavior of budgies is perplexing and puzzling to novice owners. Basically, these pets try to explain what they want by their actions. To establish communication with a bird, any owner must understand what a particular bird movement, posture, or strange sounds mean. In this article, we’ll look at the basic habits of budgies.
Under the influence of hormones, the pet can become quite aggressive and start biting. Females are especially active in this respect. Since you still have to deal with cleaning the cage, replacing water and food, you will have to think about how to wean the parrot from this bad habit. Otherwise, these habits will bring you inconvenience.
By the way, the answer to the question: why the budgerigar bites may not only be hormonal changes. Such habits can also be manifested due to molting, lack of attention, protective reaction, and character traits. And some birds play like that. Therefore, you first need to establish the cause of this behavior, and only then try to eliminate it.
After you understand at what moments the pet is trying to bite you, begin to remove the biting object, strictly saying “No”. Then try to switch his attention to something else (a toy, a treat).
Prepare for the bird to not immediately understand what you want from it. Remember. in order to wean a parrot from biting, you will have to be patient. You can’t shout at him, much less beat him. The pet may be afraid to start biting harder, defending against you. Gradually, he will stop performing actions you dislike after hearing your categorical “No”.
Also, to wean a parrot from biting, you can lightly click on its beak before it wants to do it. But this is not the best way, since it does not always work on the bird. You can simply leave the room when your pet tries to bite you. He will understand that he is losing your attention and will stop acting this way.
During sexual desire, when the testosterone levels of budgies in the body rises, their behavior changes markedly. In some birds this is very noticeable, while others quite calmly tolerate such changes.
For example, a lone male can make attempts to mate with the owner’s hand or with some toy, and the female can lay eggs. That is why, at such moments, experts advise removing the mirror away from the pet. If he takes this subject for a partner, then a relationship with a real bird may not work out. There were cases that the bird, not receiving reciprocity from its reflection, fell into a deep depression.
Hormonal activity causes budgies to groom each other. If you notice that the birds have changed their behavior, they began to circle around each other, take different poses, make loud sounds, coo, then they are ready to procreate.
However, if you have a lone male or one female, then puberty in them manifests itself in the form of habits such as rubbing the cloaca against perches or rods of the cage. It is not recommended to pick up your pet at such moments. it may start doing the same to you. Also, you can not stroke the female on the back, because after that she may lay eggs.
Some pets living alone may start feeding their owner. On the one hand, this speaks of a manifestation of love, but during the sexual period, the bird thus shows its parental instinct. If you don’t like this behavior, distract the parrot with a toy or something else when he starts to stretch his neck.
If your wavy pet is hiding its head under a wing, it may just be cold. This is how the bird tries to keep warm. Try increasing the room temperature with a portable heater. The main thing is that he does not stand too close to the cage with the parrot.
The bird often hides its head under the wing while sleeping. But not all individuals do this. some can sleep with their heads tilted forward or thrown back on their backs. In general, these birds can sleep as they please. For example, grabbing the cage with one foot and the perch with the other.
However, if your wavy pet often tries to hide its head under the wing at a time when it should be awake, and this movement is accompanied by rapid or difficult breathing, lack of appetite, weakness, drowsiness, lack of singing, the parrot may be sick or depressed.
In this case, you need, first of all, to observe the state of bird droppings. Prolonged loose stools are a signal that the bird needs a doctor’s examination. Be sure to check the parrot if you notice anything amiss. Especially if the bird has ruffled feathers. They can hide some of the symptoms of a possible illness. Such as excessive thinness, back with bumps (tumors), parasites.
How does your parrot behave??
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What affects bird behavior?
The first factor is health. A sick parrot behaves unnaturally: either it is too active, nervous and irritable, screams loudly and rushes about the cage, or it is lethargic and indifferent. The second is improper care. Little light, odors, not enough space for normal well-being, poor nutrition. all this affects behavior.
If you have throat problems
Most often, waviness develop bronchopneumonia, since they have a very sensitive respiratory system. Signs:
- Aphonia (after a dull, quiet and stifled chirping, the voice disappears altogether);
- Movement of the neck and head, as if an object was stuck in the neck;
- Deaf frequent sneezing and coughing;
- Lethargy, apathy;
- The desire to keep warm (clings to the hands of a person, in a cage he cuddles).
If the bird huddled in the corner of the cage and stopped responding to the surrounding reality, you should immediately seek veterinary help.
Budgerigar throat problems
Female behavior before laying eggs
At this time, the bird becomes very aggressive, surpassing its spouse in this. if there is one, by the way. In the event that mating did not occur and the lady is lonely, she can still begin to lay eggs by building a nest at the bottom of the cage or even in the feeder.
Habits of a female budgerigar before laying eggs
False alarms. the bird refuses food and water
First, the birds in a new place are slightly stressful and this affects the appetite.
Second, they drink very little and eat very little.
Thirdly, they know how to do all this secretly from a person, so you just do not notice how the pet secretly visits the feeder and drinker.
You should not expect that the parrot on the first day, figuratively speaking, will rush into your arms. He should get used to you. And if he falls in love, then unconditionally.
Sexual arousal and mating season
This time is the only time when the behavior of heterosexual parrots will differ.
The male is either aggressive or annoying with his signs of attention. He can choose both a female and a person as the object of his attention, as well as his reflection in the mirror. Therefore, such a toy is not recommended to be hung in the cage of a lonely parrot.
When it’s time for the wavy to start a family, he will dance around the cage, ruffling feathers, trying to show himself in the best possible light. This period is characterized by too lively behavior, hyperactivity, loud, almost continuous chirping.
The female is more focused, she is all in future motherhood, looking for material for a nest, tearing pieces of paper, etc. Parrot squats on a perch and flapping wings are a sign of readiness for mating.
If the bird screams and rushes about, it may be the result of a nervous breakdown. Then you need to cover the cage and move it to a quiet place.
A quiet plaintive squeak, a hoarse voice, a decrease in mobility and sociability are present at elevated temperatures, inflammatory diseases, and various infections. The parrot hardly eats or drinks, or drinks often and in large quantities.
How they behave in the wild
In their native element, wavy parrots are gregarious creatures, cheerful and active. At the onset of puberty, they find themselves mates and settle in hollows or crevices of rocks, trying not to move too far from their relatives.
Budgerigar habits in the wild
Conditions of detention
If the budgerigar is not provided with the proper temperature and humidity climate, it will get nervous. In the heat, he sits on the perch and spreads his wings, as if raising them in surprise. This is how the bird cools.
Insufficient lighting makes the pet depressed: it sings less, sits more in one place. The presence of drafts and little heat make him laugh, constantly hide his head in feathers.
Conditions of keeping the budgerigar
Foreign odors cause the bird to cough, sneeze and gag. This usually happens when people smoke in the room, spray aerosols, use deodorant sprays, etc. It is strictly forbidden to put cages in the kitchen, because intense smells irritate the subtle scent of parrots. And the Teflon coating of the dishes releases harmful substances when heated, which the wavy feels in the slightest dosages, and begins to worry.
A small detail: the feeder must be attached so that the parrot faces the cage door during the meal. He, like an old soldier, feels comfortable only when there is a reliable rear behind him. In this case, the wall.
When a pet has enough light, space and food, it has clean water, and there are no foreign impurities in the air indoors, it will behave normally.
Bird behavioral features
Wavy people have a labile nervous system. They are characterized by rapid mood swings. They jump briskly around the cage, ringing loudly, and after a minute they can “frown”, sit ruffled and grumble from the corner. But this goes away, you just have to invite them to play, eat something tasty, or just chat.
In general, the behavior model depends on biological factors (maturation, reproduction, molting, incubation of chicks) and external conditions (care from the owner, communication with the pet).
The behavior of budgies during the mating season
At some point, your affectionate and cheerful bird may begin to behave aggressively or too intrusively. This behavior is explained by changes in hormonal levels, puberty. These processes proceed differently in females and males.
Males become active boyfriends. If one budgerigar lives with you, he can choose one of his toys, some thing or you as an object of love.
It is advisable not to initially hang the mirror in the cage, and if there is one, then remove it. The bird can experience tremendous stress, seeing its reflection and perceiving it as a second parrot who does not reciprocate. In addition, there were cases when showing parental instinct, the parrot “feeding” the mirror was itself on the verge of exhaustion.
If you do not like the intrusive courtship of the wavy (feeding the ear, rubbing the tail against the hand, etc.), try to switch the bird’s attention to something else as gently as possible, do not drive away, scold and offend the bird. The parrot thus shows its special attitude towards you, so all its courtship should be gently suppressed by playing with it, diverting attention to toys.
The female’s behavior is slightly different: she begins to select a nest for herself, she can even choose a large feeder as it, while walking the bird spends a lot of time on paper. gnaws it, folds it. If the female crouches on a perch, cooes and spreads her wings, she is ready to mate.
During the mating season, females become much more aggressive than males, if the bird lives alone, this does not prevent it from starting to lay eggs. In this case, the owner needs to be careful and make sure that this period passes without prejudice to the health of the bird.
Parrots are very interesting and mischievous creatures and watching them brings a lot of pleasure, cheers up and amuses any person.
Often, some of the habits of our feathered friends are perplexing and there is a desire to understand the reason for such movements, postures and strange sounds.
With a careful study of your bird, you can come to the conclusion that the behavior of parrots is due to certain factors: biological (puberty, instincts) and external (lifestyle, nutrition and living conditions of the bird).
Budgerigars have a changeable mood: they just had fun and shouted, and now they sit ruffled and grumble.
It is very important to understand when bird behavior is normal and when to worry.
Tame budgies in the first days at home quickly master and begin to vigorously study everything with interest.
A few things that are normal for a parrot in a new home
Try to install the feeder so that the new resident does not have to turn his back to the room, so he will feel more relaxed without being distracted by looking around;
- Does not eat fruits, vegetables, herbs and cereals. perhaps the bird does not know that this is food. It is desirable to teach to eat something besides the grain mixture during the taming process, you will have to introduce the bird to different types of food;
- When you try to get closer, wavy will either start to rush around the cage, or will try to move as far away from you as possible. This behavior is quite normal for a “beginner”, so you need to understand his reaction and help the bird adapt as quickly as possible.
After the parrot gets comfortable, his character, individual habits begin to appear, he will be interested in surrounding objects and make contact with you.
The behavior of budgies during molting
Shedding is a natural process of gradually replacing feathers, so there is no need to worry. The following habits do not necessarily all have to manifest in your parrot.
During molting, the parrot becomes aggressive, alert, irritable, distrustful, his appetite decreases, he often itches on the perch and rods of the cage, there is no desire to go for a walk, to contact or does not go at all or is very reluctant, sits ruffled among the fallen feathers and fluff.
We read the body language of the budgerigar:
Also, remember that there are always exceptions to the rule. Some of your parrot’s habits may mean exactly the opposite. It also happens that the bird likes to sleep on the table, being next to the owner, or to drive a ball along the bottom of the cage.
Other species of parrots also have interesting behavioral habits. So, the female lovebird, during the mating season, “lays out” strips of paper with her beak and inserts them into the tail of the plumage. In nature, birds in this way carry twigs and tree bark on themselves for a future nest.
In Amazons, a fight can be observed using beaks. birds try to grab each other by the beak. This is quite normal behavior for parrots, there is no place for aggression, as a rule, it is associated either with puberty, or it is a form of communication in the form of a game.
After such a “fight”, the birds have no mutilations, everything ends with the touching of each other’s feathers and “scratching”.
The behavior of cockatoo parrots during the mating season cannot go unnoticed. They fluff up the crest and demonstrate its beauty to females and those around it. Also, raised feathers on the head can mean a demonstration of their territory.
Monk parrots, when they are very excited or feel defenseless, “fall into childhood”. their movements resemble a hungry chick begging for food: the bird flutters with folded wings, trembles and quickly nods its head.
Large species of parrots are still those simulators, if it seemed to them that you were caressing him for a short time or he was only on the arms for a short time, then when trying to return the bird to the perch in the cage or to the perch, the parrot “weakens” before our eyes, unable to stand on paws, and sitting on a perch and even more so.
If you follow the lead of the feathered cunning every time, his performances will become more sophisticated.
One way or another, all the considered habits of our wonderful pets can be seen in different species of parrots.
At times, their body language is more expressive than human speech. The main thing is to be attentive to your pet and the slightest non-standard behavior for a parrot will not go unnoticed by you.
The appearance of offspring
The incubation period of “wavy” eggs lasts no more than 18 days, the chicks appear the next day. After the birth of the first child, sprouted grain should be gradually excluded from the parrot menu, replacing its share with vegetables that are rich in carotene. It is also necessary to maintain on such days a sufficiently high humidity in the room. about 60%.
It often happens that not all eggs hatched from the clutch, that is, they froze. If we are talking about 1-2 pieces, this is considered the norm. As a rule, this situation happens if the female is too young and could not sufficiently warm the entire clutch. If not a single chick hatched, there may be plenty of reasons that led to this:
- Infectious or chronic diseases of the parents;
- Poor or inadequate food and drink;
- Poor bird keeping conditions;
- Genetic incompatibility of the pair.
The hatched chicks are very weak. they are not even able to hold their heads, therefore they lie on their backs. Many breeders of wavy birds ask the question: is human help needed during this period? No, the female will independently be able to feed and warm them.
Only two weeks after the birth of the last chick, the owner can open the nesting house for cleaning. This should be done with rubber gloves very carefully and quickly, while the female is out of the nest. Subsequent cleanings are required once a week.
How do parrots behave during mating?
To see how budgies mate, you need to put a young couple in a previously prepared cage and monitor their behavior. If the birds do not begin to fight, peck at each other and rip out feathers, then one can hope for the early appearance of offspring.
All the time of courtship, the male behaves amusingly. combing out feathers for his friend, feeding from his beak, chirping loudly and flaunting in front of her in every possible way, taking various poses. It is possible to understand that the female is also ready for mating by her behavior. she responds with mutual caresses, squints her eyes and constantly sits near her boyfriend.
Mating itself occurs quickly enough, the owners of the birds in most cases do not have time to notice it. Even if the male manages to fertilize the female the first time, parrots often continue to mate for several days. As experts recommend, the best period for such a process falls on June-September, since it is at this time of the year that there is enough solar heat, light and fresh fruits.
For parrot breeding to be successful, birds should be prepared. To do this, it is necessary to gradually increase daylight hours. up to 15 hours. During the summer period, it will be sufficient to open the curtains when the sun appears, and in the winter. turn on the light when it starts to get dark. At the same time, a sharp increase in daylight hours should not be allowed, as this can provoke untimely molt in birds.
Temperature is also important when breeding parrots. The optimal room is considered. within 20 ° С.
The reason why budgerigars do not breed if all conditions of detention are observed may be extraneous noise and harsh sounds. Therefore, the dwelling of birds during the mating and nesting period must be located in a quiet secluded place, preferably in a corner at the level of the owner’s eyes.
Choosing a home
Normal breeding in domestic conditions of birds cannot be imagined without providing a home with optimal conditions for this, among which is the size of the cage.
For a pair of “wavy”, given their offspring, it is recommended to choose a dwelling with parameters of at least 60x55x65 cm. The cage itself can be of various shapes, but always with a removable top. This requirement is necessary for timely cleaning of the nest and inspection of the eggs. The frame of the cage should be made of strong steel rods and with the possibility of reliable fixation of the nest house on the sides.
Before planning the mating of budgies, the cage and all objects in it should be thoroughly disinfected. To do this, they are removed, disassembled and soaked in hot water with a small concentration of chlorine. Then everything is thoroughly washed with a brush and left to dry for several hours. The nest house is also taken apart and washed in hot water using baby soap.
After all parts of the budgerigar’s dwelling have been dried, it is required to collect everything and finally equip the house. Sawdust or straw is most often used for bedding. It is also recommended to add dried medicinal chamomile to them, as it is effective as a prophylaxis against various parasites.
All of the above signs signal that the first egg should appear soon. During the nesting period, a couple should not be disturbed at all, and even more so. touch the house, since there is a great risk that the female will abandon her nest after that.
From the moment the house is mastered and until the first egg appears, a lot of time passes. up to one month. Then the female begins to lay eggs every other day. There may be 4–6 of them in the clutch. It depends on the age of the parent parrots, genetic predisposition and surrounding factors.
Reproduction of budgies
Budgerigars are rightfully recognized as the most popular pets among bird lovers. This is due to their mobility, playfulness and ease of care. In addition, such birds have a docile character and easily contact with other domestic animals. That is why information on whether budgerigars can breed at home is relevant even for novice breeders.
Before planning the mating of budgies and the appearance of healthy offspring from them, you should carefully approach the formation of a pair for the role of parents. Both individuals must be sexually mature, active, and completely healthy. If these criteria are not met, there is a high risk that non-viable eggs will appear after mating.
Also of no small importance when choosing a pair of “wavy” for breeding healthy chicks is the relationship of individuals. The farther it is, the better. This is why the female and male should be purchased from different breeders.
Many owners often ask themselves: at what age do budgies begin to breed? According to experts, the sexually mature period in females begins after the onset of 1 year, and in males. from 10 months. However, the most fruitful are 2-4 years of life of individuals. Despite this circumstance, the mating season in budgies can be observed up to the age of 10 birds, and in some cases, much longer.
How to prepare for bird mating?
The appearance of feathered offspring at home is a process that must be approached with all seriousness and responsibility. To do this, it is important to observe some conditions for keeping pets and carefully observe the reaction and habits of birds.
Wavy parrots at home are quite capable of breeding. In addition, subject to all breeding rules, such birds are quite fertile. The mating season for budgerigars in the wild occurs mainly in June. However, in captivity, such birds can breed at different times of the year. At the same time, wavy birds reproduce in some cases and 3 times a year, but it is better not to allow such situations so that the chicks hatch full-fledged. The best option is considered no more than 2 times a year.
Budgerigars must eat in a special way during the breeding period. The main diet, consisting of a grain mixture, pieces of vegetables and fruits, must be supplemented with fresh herbs. dandelion leaves, plantain and others. In addition, birds at such a time need calcium contained in a boiled egg and low-fat cottage cheese.
Do not forget to feed the birds with minerals and various vitamin supplements. Vitamin E, which can be purchased at specialized pharmacies, especially promotes the multiplication. It is useful to add sprouted grains of wheat, oats or other types of grain to the bird menu during the nesting period. These products contain many trace elements important for the body of birds.
It is also important to provide the budgerigar with free access to clean water, which needs to be changed regularly. In addition, all fruits and vegetables that the bird did not immediately eat should be thrown away immediately, they should always be fresh. All this should be done not only during the breeding season, but also daily.