home Dogs How long can you feed the dog after sterilization

How long can you feed the dog after sterilization

Symptoms that signal danger

Dangerous signs in the postoperative period are:

  • heavy, uneven breathing;
  • uneven or rapid heart rate;
  • tremors or twitching of the muscles lasting more than half an hour;
  • impurities in the urine of blood;
  • suppuration of the seam;
  • lack of urine for more than a day;
  • significant temperature rise.

Such symptoms may indicate the development of complications: impaired cardiac activity, pulmonary edema, or the development of a purulent infection. Detection of any of the above signs should serve as a reason for an urgent visit to a doctor.

long, feed, sterilization

Recovery of a dog after sterilization

The sterilization operation is performed to terminate fertility and involves ligating the fallopian tubes in females or the seminal ducts in males. At the same time, the production of sex hormones does not stop, and the behavior of the animal does not change.

When sterilizing males, a small incision is made in the scrotum, then a surgical thread is applied to the vas deferens. In females, this operation is more difficult: in order to gain access to the fallopian tubes, it is required to open the peritoneum. Veterinarians often refer to female neutering as neutering, when all reproductive organs are removed during the operation. But in any case, the rehabilitation process in females takes longer and harder than in males.

Properly organized care of a dog that has undergone a sterilization operation facilitates its condition during the rehabilitation period and reduces the risk of complications.

The first day after surgery

Upon arrival home, it is advisable to lay the operated dog on a flat surface with a bedding (preferably on the floor so that, while moving, it cannot fall) and cover it with a blanket. Periodically, the mucous membranes of the oral cavity should be moistened by dripping a few drops of water into the mouth. Reflex urination may occur during recovery from anesthesia, so you need to be prepared to change the bedding.

The animal can recover almost immediately or after a few hours. it depends on its body and the dose of anesthetic. The first sign that your dog will wake up soon will be his reaction to irritation. twitching of his paws or ears. Since motor reflexes are not restored immediately, the animal may feel weak and helpless for some time, but this does not last long.

Important! Once the dog is fully awake, offer water or moisten its nose and tongue with water. It is impossible to feed the animal on the first day after the operation, as vomiting may become a reaction to food.

While the dog is under anesthesia, it is advisable to keep it under constant supervision. If everything is going well, breathing and heartbeats should be rhythmic. A slight increase in temperature is acceptable, there may be short-term periodic muscle twitching or tremors.

Rehabilitation period

In order to prevent the development of a bacterial infection, from the first day after the operation, injections of antibiotics are prescribed: Oxacillin, Amoxicillin, Ceftriaxone or Cefazolin. The standard course of antibiotic therapy is 5-7 days. If the dog is in pain, whines, avoids sudden movements, tries to reach the scar. it is worth giving it analgesics for several days, since strong pain can slow down the healing process.

The stitches are treated with an antiseptic (chlorhexine or hydrogen peroxide) for at least a week, 2 times a day, it is strictly forbidden to wet the wound. For seam care you can also use:

  • Levomekol ointment (it is applied 1-2 times a day, covering with a gauze napkin);
  • Spray Terramycin (seam treatment is carried out every 3 days);
  • Spray Aluminum (an agent that forms a thin film that prevents contamination of the seam, it must be applied once a day).

The stitches are removed after 1.5. 2 weeks. Most modern veterinary clinics use absorbable sutures during the operation; such sutures do not need to be removed. To prevent the dog from licking and scratching the wound, they put on a blanket-apron (you need to have several such blankets in order to change them as it gets dirty). If necessary, you can purchase a special rigid funnel-shaped collar. it will deprive the animal of the opportunity to reach the itchy seam with its teeth.

You can start feeding your pet one day after the operation. Food should be given in small portions, the food in the first few days should be soft and easily digestible: pate, minced meat, infant formula. Stool retention for up to 3 days is not dangerous, since the animal’s stomach was empty before sterilization, and intestinal motility after anesthesia was slowed down. If the dog does not recover for more than 3 days, it can be given one to two tablespoons of petroleum jelly.

Helpful information. Rehabilitation of a dog after spaying takes about 2 weeks. In the future, it is advisable to transfer it to a low-calorie diet, since sterilized animals are often prone to gaining excess weight.

Lines of ready-made feeds for neutered and neutered animals are produced by Products Limited, Agras Delic, Purina, Bosch Tiernahrung. If you cook food for an animal at home, it is advisable to choose lean meats and add fiber-rich vegetables to it.

You can also ask a question to the in-house veterinarian of our website, who will answer them as soon as possible in the comment box below.

Veterinarian video advice on post-operative care:

Positive aspects of neutering cats:

  • The character of the animal improves. The cat will become more affectionate, calm and obedient.
  • The animal will no longer mark the territory with secretions, leaving an unpleasant smell.
  • Aggressive behavior and loud nocturnal screams during the moments of “walking” will stop.
  • Suppressed sexual instincts will not make the cat look for a partner and rush out into the street. He will become a quiet pet.
  • The risk of contracting a genital infection is practically eliminated, interest in cats disappears.
  • Neutered cats live longer, by about 3-4 years, as they lead a calmer home life.

All this has a positive effect on both the animal itself and the owner.

You should pay attention to the following important points:

  • Temperature. Even a short-term increase in temperature is the reason for urgent appeal to a veterinarian. This could be a sign of an incipient infection.
  • Refusal of water and food for more than a day, lethargy, apathy and weakness of the pet.
  • The condition of the seams. The surface should be dry, clean, without any signs of suppuration. The owner should be alerted if the wound is still bleeding after 24 hours. This can only be observed in the first few hours after surgery.
  • The abdomen is tense, pain is felt on palpation.
  • Rapid heartbeat, shortness of breath.

After the operation, the veterinarian will give all the necessary recommendations for further care for the complete and high-quality recovery of the animal.

After a short period of time, your pet will completely forget about the troubles it has suffered and will return to its usual way of life. He will no longer be bothered by unclaimed hormones.

Rehabilitation of the cat and postoperative care after castration

Rehabilitation care for a cat after castration surgery does not require any special procedures. If no complications have been identified, then the recovery process will take 2-3 days. The animal usually requires rest and attention. The cat sleeps a lot and eats little. Damaged tissues will require care, they need to be treated with special antibacterial agents, if necessary, apply an antibiotic ointment. Your veterinarian will advise you on these remedies.

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Soreness at the site of the seams is rare for cats. However, in some cases, it is possible to use pain relief. If the animal quickly came to its senses and looks healthy, it makes no sense to pump it up with medications. One way or another, the cat is really able to cope with castration in the absence of auxiliary drugs. Full recovery after castration in the absence of complications lasts no more than a week.

Most often, the seams do not cause any painful sensations in cats. In rare cases, pain relief may be required. If the cat quickly recovers from the anesthesia, looks healthy, nothing bothers him, then you should not “pump him with medications.” By nature, the cat itself can cope with the consequences of castration surgery without medication. It usually takes 6-7 days to fully recover from surgery.

Sterilization of a cat: care after surgery, recovery from anesthesia, treatment and protection of sutures, recovery time

If you are going to spay your cat, remember: your doctor should tell you about postoperative care. First of all, it is necessary to fulfill its purpose, and ask in the clinic in as much detail as possible.

What is this article for then? The fact is that there are situations when the operated cat in a blanket is simply handed over to the owners without full consultation. It happens that everyone has discussed everything, but forgot some trifle. and it is impossible to get through to the doctor, his working hours are over. Finally, some owners want to know in advance what kind of care the cat will need after surgery. Just to assess your strength and plan everything.

Postoperative appointments can vary greatly depending on how the surgery went, what anesthesia was used, and even your surgeon’s personal habits and experience. In my article, I will analyze the general points that in no way replace a face-to-face consultation.

Difficulty urinating

This ailment is possible for the first couple of days, since, firstly, your pet has hardly consumed any liquid or food in the last few hours. Secondly, urination is still a painful procedure for the animal, so it is in no hurry to perform it.

After the operation, especially at first, it is difficult for the cat to use the tray. It can be emptied in the wrong place. Don’t be angry with him for that. In a few days, he will return to his previous state and will walk to the tray without any problems. To avoid puddles all over the house, you can wear diapers for your cat.

General recommendations after surgery:

Cats after neutering are much faster and easier to recover than cats after neutering. This is due to lower tissue trauma and a small area of ​​surgical intervention.

When can you feed your cat after spaying?

Sterilization operations are preceded by an 8-10 hour fasting diet. Therefore, when everything is over, the owners can’t wait to feed their pet. However, there is no need to rush: after anesthesia, vomiting is possible.

How many hours after sterilization can the cat be fed, the doctor should say. The recommendations will differ depending on the type of anesthesia used during the operation. On average, you can offer food through:

  • Inhalation anesthesia. 1-2 hours;
  • Intravenous anesthesia with propofol. after 2-3 hours;
  • Intramuscular anesthesia (Domitorzoletil). after 4-8 hours.

First, the cat is given a small portion of the usual food. If she doesn’t vomit, you can give more. If she regurgitated, wait a few more hours. Vomiting (single) is considered normal within 24 hours after surgery.

Prolonged fasting for cats is neither desirable nor justified! The main criterion is regaining consciousness and restoration of motor functions. If a cat asks for food, you do not need to maintain a hungry diet for 12-24 hours. and these are the tips I have seen on specialized forums.

Water can be supplied in the public domain immediately, as a rule, cats do not show interest in it. You cannot force anything into a cat! If he wants, he will drink.

Cornish Rex in a postoperative blanket

Postoperative period

Sterilization involves surgery. The operation is carried out under anesthesia, so it takes some time for the dog to regain consciousness, sometimes this period lasts up to several hours. The animal completely departs from anesthesia within 24 hours. For this reason, it is best if you look after your pets. To avoid unpleasant consequences, it is worth adhering to a number of rules:

  • place the operated dog on a flat surface not high from the floor;
  • as soon as the animal wakes up, give it water;
  • if necessary, blot the seam with a napkin. In the future, it is treated with brilliant green. In case of bloody discharge, cold is applied to the seam area;
  • feeding is carried out the next day, in small portions, using soft food;
  • make sure that the dog does not lick the seam. For this purpose, put on a protective collar, blanket;
  • the dog returns to its usual rhythm of life approximately on the third day after the operation;
  • processing of seams is carried out within 10 days;
  • antibiotic therapy is optional and is prescribed by the attending physician.

Effects of neutering on changes in the character of a dog

How does neutering affect dogs? As for the character and behavior of the dog, the operation will not affect this in any way. Bitches experience activity (estrus) only 2 times a year and therefore their brain and body are not under continuous influence of hormones. Note that in bitches, unlike in males, sex hormones begin to be active only after reaching puberty. As mentioned earlier, the individual character of the pet does not change after sterilization. The only thing that is possible is, so to speak, a double dominance of the bitch. Recall that, by nature, the female sex of dogs predominates over the male, and after the operation this property can double.

Age of dog to spay

In the USA, this procedure is carried out as early as 6 weeks of age of the pet. In Russia, veterinarians prefer to sterilize only from 6 months of age. Operations performed before the first heat are especially beneficial. They help to avoid many problems in the future and reduce the risk of breast tumors. The only requirement for the procedure is that the dog must be healthy.

The benefits of sterilization

Sterilization has many benefits for both pets and their owners. For example, this procedure prevents unwanted offspring, reduces the chance of breast cancer, relieves heat, as well as a meowing familiar to all cat lovers, indicating a call for a partner.

Dog after sterilization

Every animal, be it a yard dog or a domestic cat, needs care, affection and nutrition. All these are the natural needs of any creature, and if all this is absent or manifested in insufficient quantities, the animal begins to suffer and lead an inadequate lifestyle. Also, few people know that the health of a pet, especially bitches, is greatly influenced by the lack of mating. In the modern world, most often the owners give preference to sterilization. In addition to this, as practice has shown, this process has a beneficial effect on the gynecology of the animal.

Eating a spayed dog

Expect your dog’s appetite to double, the reason is the change in metabolic rate. It is common for spayed dogs to gain significant weight. This can be avoided by following simple rules. The first thing to do is to reduce the calorie content of foods by 10-12%. The second is to make sure that the dog is getting a sufficient rate of activity.

But all of the above is just superficial knowledge. If you dig deeper, it turns out that the reason for such an appetite is not only a change in metabolism. It is assumed that excessive food intake indicates a decreased activity of the hormone estrogen, which suppresses appetite.

Experiments show that to prevent obesity in dogs, you need to reduce the amount of energy consumed. The amount of energy depends on the breed of the dog.

With the development of the market, they began to produce special food for sterilized dogs marked with light (which means light). The product contains a limited amount of fat, but an increased level of fiber. And as practice shows, these products are successful and have a positive effect on the health of the dog.

First day


In what cases and at what age is sterilization performed for medical reasons

  • Dogs over 8 years old are operated on to prevent or minimize the risk of developing cancer.
  • Bitches participating in breeding are sterilized after the last birth. It is recommended to do this at the age not exceeding 6 years.
  • If a dog has hormonal imbalance, abnormally abundant and prolonged estrus, they are operated on at any age.
  • Some unscrupulous owners resort to neutering pregnant bitches. it’s dangerous! If the pregnancy of the dog turned out to be undesirable, it is best to let her give birth and carry out the operation a month after giving birth.
  • In the early stages of pregnancy, the operation can be done as directed by a veterinarian if the dog’s health does not allow it to bear and give birth to puppies. In such a situation, it is important not to postpone this procedure.
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Cavity technique

The classic method of sterilization, in which the abdominal cavity is dissected under general anesthesia. Veterinarians practice three types of abdominal surgery:

  • Amputation of the uterus and ovaries (ovariohysterectomy).
  • Removal of the ovaries (ovariectomy). Most often performed before the first heat.
  • Ligation of the fallopian tubes (oviduct) without removing the ovaries and uterus. The dog loses fertility, but can continue to mate.

The first two methods are scientifically called castration in veterinary medicine. However, the more common term is sterilization. It is this technique that is most often used. With this technology of surgical sterilization, the bitch loses its sexual instinct and the possibility of fertilization.


  • Moscow and St. Petersburg. from 2,500 to 9,000 rubles.
  • Regions of Russia. from 3,900 to 12,000 rubles.
  • Kiev. from 900 to 1 700 UAH.
  • Regions of Ukraine. from 1000 to 2500 UAH.
  • Moscow and St. Petersburg. from 3,000 to 11,000 rubles.
  • Regions of Russia. from 4,000 to 8,000 rubles.
  • Kiev. from 950 to 1800 UAH.
  • Regions of Ukraine. from 1,000 to 2,800 UAH.


Can the dog be taken home immediately after the sterilization operation??

In most cases, if the operation went well, the veterinarian will send the dog home after spaying. Pets are left in the clinic only if there are medical indications. Some veterinary establishments offer a paid inpatient placement service after surgery. If you are worried about your pet, you can take advantage of this opportunity.

How to transport a neutered dog? I have a shepherd dog. I’m afraid I won’t be able to carry her in my arms to the car.

If, according to the indications, the doctor says to leave the dog in the clinic for a day, then the dog will have time to move away from the anesthesia and it will reach the car on its own. The main thing is to put an oilcloth or absorbent diaper on the car seat. If the dog is not left in the clinic, take an assistant, preferably a strong man.

Three months have passed since the operation. Our Chihuahua girl is in heat. Is it possible?

What you call heat is most likely just bleeding from the dog’s noose. Be sure to show it to the vet! These discharge can be symptoms of diseases: inflammation of the uterine stump, tumor or hormonal imbalance.

We took an adult dog from a shelter. We do not know her exact age, the veterinarian says 6 or 7 years old. Is it possible to sterilize at this age?

It is possible to operate at an older age, but always after a full study, passing all tests and consulting a cardiologist.

In the clinic, we are offered to perform the operation by some special method, not cutting the dog, but by puncturing it. Isn’t it dangerous?

It is not clear which method is offered in the clinic. Most likely a microlaparotomy. This is a minimally invasive sterilization method. It is less traumatic, with less anesthetic load, without the need for postoperative care. Such sterilization has many advantages. Minus. the operation is not recommended for animals weighing more than 10-15 kg.

Tell me what to do if the dog has a lump on its stomach after sterilization? Operated a week ago. The lump is small, dense, similar in size to an operation suture.

Call your vet! Let him examine the dog. This is most likely a lump that you call a bump, a granulation seam. And the dog has a reaction to the threads with which it was made. This often happens exactly 5-7 days after surgery. This condition passes in 2-3 weeks.

We operated on a shepherd dog at the age of 4 years. After three months, the dog developed brownish discharge from the loop. Is inflammation of the uterine stump possible in a dog after sterilization? Or is it some kind of hormonal disruption?

Inflammation of the uterine stump in rare cases occurs in operated dogs. Therefore, you should definitely show the animal to the veterinarian. Only he will be able to establish a diagnosis and prescribe competent treatment, if necessary.

What to do if, after sterilization, the dog began to write at home?

One of the possible complications of the operation is urinary incontinence. common in large breed dogs. It is due to a change in the hormonal background of the animal. The bitch must be shown to the veterinarian for diagnosis and treatment. Usually, hormones and drugs that increase the tone of the urinary tract and bladder (Propalin) are used. In some cases, they resort to surgery.

We have two dogs of different sexes. Will they mate if the girl is sterilized but the boy is not??

It all depends on how the dog is sterilized. If they just tied her pipes, she will. When the uterus and ovaries are removed, the mating instinct can persist only for the first time after the operation, until the dog forgets what it is.

When you can take your dog outside after surgery?

If everything is fine with the dog, she has recovered from anesthesia, there are no complications, then you can walk on the day of the operation. Walking should be short, without contact with other dogs in the first 10 days after sterilization.

I’m curious to know how the character of a dog changes after spaying? I’m afraid the dog will become cowardly or aggressive.

Your fears are in vain. The dog’s character does not change after the operation, so it will not become more cowardly. But the level of aggression may decrease and the animal will become calmer.

Laparoscopic methods

The most gentle methods of sterilization, which are carried out in a hospital environment and require expensive equipment. a laparoscope (video endoscope).

  • Ovariohysterectomy. Minimally invasive technology, in which the uterus and ovaries of the bitch are removed without wide dissection of the abdominal cavity.
  • Ovariectomy. Amputation of the ovaries by the laparoscopic method through punctured tissue punctures.
  • Microlaparotomy. Minimally invasive sterilization method, in which the uterus and ovaries are removed through one puncture.

These methods have many advantages:

  • less blood loss;
  • fast rehabilitation period;
  • reducing the risk of complications.

Minus one. it is a high-tech method that requires modern expensive equipment and high qualifications of a surgeon. Such sterilization is not carried out at home.

Cost of neutering dogs

Next, we indicate the average price tag for classic and laparoscopic sterilization.

Neutering a dog: consequences

Any surgical operation has its consequences and spaying a dog is no exception. The consequences of spaying a dog can be expressed in the following: Tendency to obesity, urinary incontinence. To avoid such a problem, veterinarians often recommend removing both ovaries, and if the indications are favorable, the uterus.

Cons of neutering dogs

The disadvantages of sterilizing dogs include the fact that the operation is performed under general anesthesia, and this is in any case a health risk, especially for the puppy. Possible complications of the operation are also dangerous, so you should carefully approach the choice of a surgeon. The main thing is that before the operation the animal is healthy and then it will tolerate sterilization well.

Many people have a moral aversion to the very idea of ​​spaying a dog by “humanizing” the animal’s feelings. But in fact, the dog does not dream of becoming a mother. it’s just an instinct. And she will not be ashamed in front of her friends for being an “old” maid. In this case, it is better for the dog breeder to take care not of his feelings, but of the comfort and health of the pet.

Neutering dogs

Sterilization of dogs has both its supporters and opponents. Dog owners can be divided into two camps with regard to neutering. Some are sharply opposed, others are for.

How long after my dogs eat should I take them for a walk or exercise?

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But, this is a purely practical question rather than a moral one, and therefore every dog ​​breeder should think about it as early as possible.

Stray dogs are spayed to control their numbers. And at home. primarily for the prevention of very dangerous diseases, such as: pyometra, transmissible sarcoma, breast tumors and other oncological diseases.

In addition, hormonal disruptions often occur in an animal that has not been sterilized and at the same time not used for breeding. And they lead to behavioral disorders: a tendency to aggression, “escapes”, and as a result to injuries, venereal and infectious diseases. Yes, and no one is immune from accidental mating, and then the question arises before the dog breeder: what to do with unwanted puppies.

Optimal dog age for neutering

All veterinarians recommend sterilizing a dog at 5-6 months of age. In this case, the negative consequences for the dog’s health will be minimized.

Sterilization of dogs: Pros and Cons

A sterilized dog becomes more obedient and therefore, if you do not plan to use it for breeding, it is better to have surgery.

The most suitable age for neutering is 4-5 months for small dog breeds and 6 months for large dogs, that is, before the first estrus. It is at this age that the sterilization performed can reduce the risk of oncological diseases of the genital organs by two hundred times.!

It has already been proven that it is a myth that some owners believe that a dog needs at least one litter of puppies to be healthy. In fact, there is no need for this. With later sterilization, this risk is reduced by only four times. Although it makes sense to spay an aging animal. It is a good prevention of pyometra and other diseases.

Also from the field of mythology, the opinion that spayed dogs live less, become lethargic and fat. In fact, this operation prolongs life by 20%, and the animals get fat, which are fed too much and are not physically stressed enough.

In addition, spayed dogs are stress-free and have better appetite, but there is no need to overfeed them. Today, you can neuter a dog not only in the clinic, but at home. This is a simple abdominal surgery that removes the ovaries and uterus. But the postoperative period requires careful care.

Dog before and after sterilization

Despite the fact that the operation is quite simple, it is safer to do it in the clinic. If the dog’s health condition raises concerns, it is best to postpone the operation. General anesthesia is preferable. 12 hours before the operation, the dog is stopped from feeding.

Neutering is generally well tolerated by dogs and is not required in the hospital. Males already on the second day feel good, removal of stitches with standard castration is not required.

Females may be offered water 1-2 hours after surgery. The first two days should be fed fractionally, in small portions. Already on the first day after the operation, the dog can be taken for a walk. Do not allow licking and contamination of the operating seam, for which it is covered with a blanket. The first days after the operation, you need to carefully monitor the condition of the dog. If you feel lethargic, fever, bleeding, or sore stitches, you should see your veterinarian immediately. The stitches are removed 7-10 days after the operation

Sterilization: Male (without removing the testes) (including examination, consumables and medications

Sterilization: Bitches (without ovarian removal) (including examination, supplies and medications)

Natural feeding in the first days after surgery

In the first days after the operation, it is necessary to facilitate the work of the gastrointestinal tract.

The diet should be composed of foods that are completely digested and do not form solid feces. The main point of the postoperative diet is to reduce the tension of the abdominal walls so that the stitches do not come apart during bowel movements.

The postoperative diet consists of:

  • Liquid fermented milk products.
  • Curd.
  • Low fat broth.
  • Eggs.
  • Chopped, boiled vegetables and meat.

Note that cables recover much faster after surgery. The bitch should be kept on a sparing diet for 3-7 days.

Industrial food for a neutered dog

Industrial food has several advantages:

  • No need to waste time preparing food for your dog.
  • Food can be bought for future use, which significantly saves the family budget.
  • Prostate calculating the daily rate.
  • Good quality feed is well balanced, which is very difficult to achieve with natural feeding.

Most feed manufacturers produce food lines for animals with special needs. Foods for spayed dogs include:

  • Increased protein.
  • Reduced calorie content.
  • The absence of dyes and salts in the composition, against the background of a balanced vitamin and mineral supplement.

If you decide to feed your sterilized dog with commercial food, it is important to pay attention to its quality. The best choice is premium food of high quality or products of a higher class:

  • ROYAL CANIN Neutered Adult Dog (size breakdown).
  • Brit Care Light Sterilized (sizing available).
  • Hill’s PD Canine I / D (there are feeds with similar guaranteed performance, but hypoallergenic composition).
  • GRANDORF for sterilized animals.
  • FARMINA Vet Life Dry food for adult neutered and neutered dogs.
  • Flatazor Prestige LIGHT et / ou STERILISE.
  • ADVANCE Sterilized.

Note! Almost all holistic class foods are suitable for feeding neutered dogs.

Post Surgical Pet Care at Home

When choosing food, read the ingredients carefully! Refuse to buy feed if it contains corn, a large amount of fat, the composition contains “vague” formulations.

Natural diet for a spayed dog

When fed with natural food, the diet of dogs does not undergo significant changes. You can continue to feed your dog raw or a mixture of raw and cooked foods. High-calorie cereals should be excluded from the diet. If the dog begins to gain weight, 10-15% of the cereals must be replaced with protein foods or vegetables.

The risk of gaining excess weight depends not only on the feeding, but also on the activity of the dog. Since, after sterilization, the pet will become more mobile, it makes sense to increase the duration and intensity of walks.

The only important nuance that needs to be considered when compiling a diet is the amount of minerals, or rather, salts. It is better to completely exclude table salt from the diet! To maintain the vitamin and mineral balance, special feed additives must be introduced into the diet.

Note! After sterilization, urolithiasis develops on a diet with high salt content. Males are more at risk of developing ICD.

How and what changes after sterilization

It just so happened that sterilization is called two different procedures. Sterilization is a procedure that leads to infertility. Real sterilization is carried out only when urgently needed, for example, if the dog is breeding, but in the next few years it should not bear offspring.

For all other animals, castration is a more relevant and safe procedure. Castration involves the removal of the testicles from the male, the ovaries and the uterus from the female. After castration, if the procedure was carried out before the start of sexual activity, the hormonal background is balanced within six months. If the dog was neutered already untied or in adulthood, the hormonal background can be balanced up to 1 year.

After the body fully adapts to the new conditions of existence, the dog:

  • Metabolism slows down slightly.
  • Energy expenditures are reduced (the dog is not looking for a Partner for mating and is not stressed).
  • The risk of urolithiasis increases with improper feeding.

All other aspects of life remain unchanged, the dog becomes more active and obedient. To prevent possible health problems, a spayed dog needs to choose a diet that takes into account its new needs.

How to feed your dog after spaying

Neutering is the only humane method to prevent unwanted puppies and keep your dog healthy. After sterilization, the pet’s lifestyle needs to be slightly changed. The main nuances relate to the diet.

Industrial feeding in the first days after surgery

In the first days after the operation, to prevent complications, it is better to transfer the dog to wet canned food or special pate. Pastes for weakened and recovering animals, have a liquid consistency (pass through a syringe) and an increased calorie content, due to protein products.