Symptoms that signal danger
Dangerous signs in the postoperative period are:
- heavy, uneven breathing;
- uneven or rapid heart rate;
- tremors or twitching of the muscles lasting more than half an hour;
- impurities in the urine of blood;
- suppuration of the seam;
- lack of urine for more than a day;
- significant temperature rise.
Such symptoms may indicate the development of complications: impaired cardiac activity, pulmonary edema, or the development of a purulent infection. Detection of any of the above signs should serve as a reason for an urgent visit to a doctor.
How to Pick Up a Dog After Surgery or with CHF
Recovering a dog after spaying
The sterilization operation is performed to terminate fertility and involves ligating the fallopian tubes in females or the seminal ducts in males. At the same time, the production of sex hormones does not stop, and the behavior of the animal does not change.
When sterilizing males, a small incision is made in the scrotum, then a surgical thread is applied to the vas deferens. In females, this operation is more difficult: in order to gain access to the fallopian tubes, it is required to open the peritoneum. Veterinarians often refer to female neutering as neutering, when all reproductive organs are removed during the operation. But in any case, the rehabilitation process in females takes longer and harder than in males.
Properly organized care of a dog that has undergone a sterilization operation facilitates its condition during the rehabilitation period and reduces the risk of complications.
The first day after surgery
Upon arrival home, it is advisable to lay the operated dog on a flat surface with a bedding (preferably on the floor so that, while moving, it cannot fall) and cover it with a blanket. Periodically, the mucous membranes of the oral cavity should be moistened by dripping a few drops of water into the mouth. Reflex urination may occur during recovery from anesthesia, so you need to be prepared to change the bedding.
The animal can recover almost immediately or after a few hours. it depends on its body and the dose of anesthetic. The first sign that your dog will wake up soon will be his reaction to irritation. twitching of his paws or ears. Since motor reflexes are not restored immediately, the animal may feel weak and helpless for some time, but this does not last long.
Important! Once the dog is fully awake, offer water or moisten its nose and tongue with water. It is impossible to feed the animal on the first day after the operation, since vomiting may become a reaction to food.
While the dog is under anesthesia, it is advisable to keep it under constant observation. If everything is going well, breathing and heartbeats should be rhythmic. A slight increase in temperature is acceptable, there may be short-term periodic muscle twitching or tremors.
In order to prevent the development of a bacterial infection, from the first day after the operation, injections of antibiotics are prescribed: Oxacillin, Amoxicillin, Ceftriaxone or Cefazolin. The standard course of antibiotic therapy is 5-7 days. If the dog is in pain, whines, avoids sudden movements, tries to reach the scar. it is worth giving it analgesics for several days, since strong pain can slow down the healing process.
The stitches are treated with an antiseptic (chlorhexin or hydrogen peroxide) for at least a week, 2 times a day, it is strictly forbidden to wet the wound. For seam care you can also use:
- Levomekol ointment (it is applied 1-2 times a day, covering with a gauze napkin);
- Spray Terramycin (seam treatment is carried out every 3 days);
- Spray Aluminum (an agent that forms a thin film that prevents contamination of the seam, it must be applied once a day).
The stitches are removed after 1.5. 2 weeks. Most modern veterinary clinics use absorbable sutures during the operation; such sutures do not need to be removed. To prevent the dog from licking and scratching the wound, they put on a blanket-apron (you need to have several such blankets in order to change them as it gets dirty). If necessary, you can purchase a special rigid funnel-shaped collar. it will deprive the animal of the opportunity to reach the itchy seam with its teeth.
You can start feeding your pet one day after the operation. Food should be given in small portions, the food in the first few days should be soft and easily digestible: pate, minced meat, infant formula. Stool retention for up to 3 days is not dangerous, since the animal’s stomach was empty before sterilization, and intestinal motility after anesthesia was slowed down. If the dog does not recover for more than 3 days, it can be given one to two tablespoons of petroleum jelly.
Helpful information. Rehabilitation of a dog after spaying takes about 2 weeks. In the future, it is advisable to transfer it to a low-calorie diet, since sterilized animals are often prone to gaining excess weight.
Lines of ready-made feeds for neutered and neutered animals are produced by Products Limited, Agras Delic, Purina, Bosch Tiernahrung. If you cook food for an animal at home, it is advisable to choose lean meats and add fiber-rich vegetables to it.
You can also ask a question to the in-house veterinarian of our website, who will answer them as soon as possible in the comment box below.
Veterinarian video advice on post-operative care:
How and what to feed after castration?
After the operation, you can feed the cat only after 8-10 hours and after full awakening. If you try to feed him earlier, he will most likely just vomit. The stomach is not yet ready to eat and cannot digest it. But water cannot be limited, it must always be in sufficient quantity and an accessible place.
It is better to give liquid food after the operation, it can be meat broths, fermented milk products, if there is no lactose intolerance. Try not to overload the cat’s stomach, maintain a light diet. Temporarily exclude:
- dry food;
- canned food;
- cereals or cereals;
Introduce food into the diet gradually, you can dilute it with water. Nutrition must be kept under control in the future. A pet accustomed to natural food can eat beef, rabbit, some boiled vegetables and cereals. It is advisable to periodically give your pet vitamin preparations. Feeding food from the table is highly undesirable.
After the neutering operation, even if the cat was accustomed to dry food, change it to a special one designed for neutered cats. Introduce it into your diet gradually. Refusal of an animal from food for more than 2 days is a reason to see a doctor. It can be caused by an inflammatory process in the body.
Rehabilitation of a cat after castration
In general, the neutered animal does not require any special rehabilitative measures. The main thing is to provide him with appropriate care in the first few days. The memory of animals is such that after a week or a little more they completely forget about the operation and return to their usual way of life.
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How to help your cat recover from anesthesia
Consider a situation in which you were given a kitty in deep anesthesia. She already twitches her ear when blown into it, but still cannot blink or walk. Feet and ears are cold to the touch. This is due to the fact that the body temperature in anesthesia decreases by several degrees. Unfortunately, not all doctors use a heating pad during the operation. Therefore, the cat can tremble perceptibly. it is just very cold. And the animal needs to be warmed.
If the cat’s eyes are open and she does not blink, then care should be taken to moisturize the cornea. It is easier to apply tetracycline ointment and “glue” the eyelids. Well suited for moisturizing korneregel. Ordinary saline can be dripped. Often veterinarians will apply the eye ointment themselves during the operation, ask your doctor about this. Owners of brachycephals (Persians, exotics) should be especially attentive. Their bulging eyes are prone to drying out and keratitis.
Cats do not close their eyes when anesthetized
If you are holding the cat in your arms, it should be lying with its belly down. One hand under the ribcage, the other under the booty. To prevent the tongue from burning and blocking the airways, it is pulled out of the mouth to the side. When the cat is able to pull it in on its own, it will do it. Before that, you can gently moisten the tongue with water so that it does not dry out.
Even if the cat was on a starvation diet prior to surgery, it may vomit during recovery from anesthesia. To prevent it from swelling, the head should be turned to one side or hang down freely. You can not lull your pet in your arms like a lyalek (with your back down).
At home, the cat should be placed on a barrel, in a warm place on the floor (blanket by the radiator). It is strictly forbidden to put a sleeping kitty on a bed or sofa. On the bed. only when the animal can climb there on its own. The cat may not understand where it is, and it is awkward to fall down.
If the cat in the clinic is “packed” in a carrier, then it is best to leave it there. Put it on the floor and open the door so that the pet can go out when it wants to.
Carrying should be spacious and rigid, not fabric
General information on castration
The operation to remove the testes should not be performed on animals weakened by diseases. Therefore, before implementing it, you will have to visit a veterinarian, perhaps even more than once. In addition to an external examination, he can prescribe tests. They will help identify all internal pathologies and diseases. Inexperienced owners ask. at what age are cats castrated? There is no definite criterion in this case. Usually, castration is advised to be performed at the age of 7 months to a year. But these terms are very conditional and largely depend on the development and general condition of the pet.
Also, many are interested in whether it is possible to castrate a cat after a year. In the absence of any contraindications, it is possible to operate at an older age. But it should be borne in mind that the expected effect from it may not be. The chance remains that the cat will still leave marks and scream at night.
The operation itself also requires preliminary preparation. Usually, preparing a cat for castration is a hunger strike. To do this, 12 hours before the planned date, the animal stops feeding; some doctors recommend using a laxative to empty the intestines. If this point is neglected, there may be some difficulties in entering and exiting the animal from anesthesia. In the future, this will prevent gagging. And it will ease the already unpleasant state after anesthesia. At the same time, you can drink water as usual.
The operation to remove the testes is performed under general anesthesia. Its duration, as a rule, does not exceed 20-30 minutes. After the operation, the doctor will listen to the cat’s heartbeat, after which you can go home. With a correctly selected dose of anesthesia and adherence to all care recommendations, there are almost no complications after castration.
Caring for a cat after surgery is as follows:
- The animal is placed in a warm place with dim light, preferably on the floor.
- After awakening, the tray is placed as close to the animal as possible. In this case, it is desirable that there is no filler in it.
- From stress, a cat can relieve himself in the wrong place for the first time. You can’t scold him at this moment. After the pain subsides, he himself will return to his tray.
In the absence of complications, the rehabilitation of the animal does not exceed 2-3 days. During her, caring for him should be especially careful. In this case, you should pay attention to the following signs:
- Temperature. Even a short-term increase in it is a reason for an immediate visit to a doctor. Fever is the main sign of an infection that has begun to develop.
- Refusal of food and water. Forced fasting for more than a day will lead to dehydration and significantly increase the rehabilitation period.
- The condition of the wounds. Their surface should be dry and clean with no signs of suppuration. Also, the owner should be alerted if, after a day, the wound is still bleeding. Normally, this should be observed only in the first hours after the operation.
Recovery of a cat after castration in the absence of complications lasts no more than a week. During this time, he usually sleeps a lot, especially in the early days. Also, in the postoperative period, it is necessary to provide careful care of the wounds. It is very important to prevent them from festering. To do this, the cat must be kept in a clean room, and the litter box must be washed after each use.
Some veterinarians recommend additional wound care for faster repair of damaged tissue. It consists in applying brilliant green to the surrounding tissue. In this case, it should be avoided directly on the incision. In some cases, doctors also prescribe antibiotic ointments.
In total, cats recover from anesthesia within 24 hours. During this period, one should carefully monitor their condition. They should not be allowed to lick the wound, otherwise bleeding may occur and infection is possible.
Find out also about the features of cat neutering at home.
The type of anesthesia has a strong influence on how much the cat moves away from anesthesia after castration. With local anesthesia, the animal begins to wake up within an hour after the operation. If anesthesia was common, it takes about a day to fully awaken. During this time, he will experience impaired coordination of movements, weakness, nausea, disorientation in space. That is why a cat waking up from anesthesia should not be placed on the bed and other elevations. When he wakes up, he may fall and be damaged.
Also, immediately after anesthesia, the cat should not be allowed to climb up. At this moment, he still cannot correctly determine the distance and calculate the trajectory of the jump. Most of these attempts end in a fall.
While recovering from anesthesia, the condition of the animal should be checked periodically. To do this, you need to listen to his breathing. Normally, it should be even and calm, without wheezing and intermittent sighs. Also, to improve the slowed blood circulation of the pet, every half hour should be carefully turned from side to side. If, when you touch the tip of the nose, the cat begins to wrinkle or blink, this indicates that he is beginning to wake up slowly. How to care for a cat after castration?
How long to wear a blanket after spaying a cat
The main condition after sterilization is not to let the cat lick the seam. To do this, use either an Elizabethan collar or a cloth blanket. The length of time these “accessories” are worn depends on which suture was applied. You need to focus on the recommendations of the operating surgeon and on the condition of the suture, because healing in different animals can occur at different rates.
If a cosmetic suture has been applied (absorbable threads are all inside, the skin is ideally connected joint-to-joint), then the blanket is worn for about a week (7 days). I am a reinsurer, so I recommend wearing a blanket for 10 days after surgery.
This is what the cosmetic suture looks like after spaying a cat. All the threads inside.
If the seams are removable, then the blanket is worn until the seams are removed, plus one day after, so that the holes after the removal of the threads heal calmly. Usually it is 10-12 days.
It looks like a cosmetic seam for 10-12 days
On the first day after the operation, the cat has little interest in the suture. The greatest anxiety is on the 3-4th day: the shaved hair begins to grow back, the healing suture begins to itch. The cat may try to lick its tummy through the cloth.
Some cats take “clothes” calmly and do not try to take them off. Others roll and tear it with teeth and claws until they get rid of it. In this case, it is preferable to wear a collar instead of or together with a blanket.
You can wear more beautiful clothes instead of blankets.
When the cat just wakes up after the operation, it can move backwards. walk backwards. Or refuses to get up and walk at all, as if paralyzed. It is worth removing the blanket, as these frightening symptoms go away. Check if the blanket is tied too tight and the cat will soon get used to it.
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Need to castrate a cat?
Diarrhea in a cat
Diarrhea after castration of a cat is very rare. This is most often a response to stress. In any case, it is necessary to establish the reason if such a nuisance happened. To do this, you need to see a doctor and get tested. It could be a bacterial infection.
How to feed your dog after spaying. Food for neutered dogs
Sterilization of a dog changes the hormonal background of the animal’s body, so the pet’s lifestyle also changes somewhat. The dog becomes much calmer, more balanced, it moves less, becomes lazy (especially males), therefore it gains weight much faster. Obesity is considered one of the side effects of sterilization, and it is associated with a decrease in the level of hormones estrogen and testosterone, which reduce appetite. Feeding the animal immediately after surgery and for the rest of its life must obey certain requirements.
Eating a spayed dog
Poor nutrition after sterilization leads to obesity.
Bitches that have undergone sterilization do not change much, since the hormonal background remains the same. While maintaining the normal activity of the animal, there is no danger of rapid obesity and changes in the structure of the coat, characteristic of castrated males. Therefore, the owner can feed the dog with the usual ready-made food, transfer it to a special dry food intended for sterilized bitches, or use natural products.
It is important to remember that dry food for spayed dogs has a lower calorie composition, contains less fat, and more fiber. Fiber speeds up digestion and creates more volume, so the dog recovers more often. At the same time, the dog eats up, as the volume of food does not decrease.
Specialized feed contains fewer calories and more pectins.
Feeding a sterilized dog with natural food can be more or less balanced if the following rules are followed:
- It is preferable to use meat or meat cuts without fat in raw form, you can give your pet raw tripe or tripe, not processed, but only well washed. Trebuha contains a large amount of enzymatic substances, vitamins, not high in calories.
- As a carbohydrate component, give oatmeal mixed with buckwheat. Boil this mixture in water, adding raw meat, a spoonful of vegetable oil and grated raw carrots to it before feeding.
- In the evening or morning feeding, you can sometimes give kefir or yogurt, a raw egg. This will make the intestines work more efficiently.
- You should never cook porridge in broth from bones or chicken necks, heads. These broths contain too much fat.
- Sweets, cookies or pastries should not be given to the dog, even in the form of a treat, since these foods not only contain too many calories, but also spoil the teeth due to the abundance of sugar they contain.
Food for spayed dogs
After surgery, the portions should be small.
Sterilization operation. abdominal, is performed with the use of anesthesia, which acts in different ways on animals. Some dogs tolerate the influence of drugs well, others need a long recovery after it, and some even have to be reanimated. Due to the inability to predict the state of the animal in the postoperative period, it is not required to feed the pet during the day.
In the following week, the dog should receive quality, light food. If she ate previously prepared super-premium food, then it is necessary to reduce the portions and increase the frequency of feeding. If the owner prefers to give the pet natural food, then it is advisable to feed the bitch with raw beef, fermented milk products.
Already two weeks after surgery, you can transfer the pet to the usual food. Increase the dose of dry food by reducing the number of feedings, introduce cereals, boiled vegetables into natural food.
Feeding castrated males
For a male, castration plays a greater role in changing hormonal levels than sterilization for bitches. In addition to a decrease in testosterone levels, the dog has a gradual decrease in the level of thyroid hormones, a change in the quality of the coat (it becomes “cotton”, puppy, or symmetrical foci of baldness are formed on the body). The dog moves a little, loses interest in walks and the world around him, gets fat. It is especially important for a dog to choose a food on which he will feel energetic.
Dry food lines for neutered males include foods that contain highly digestible proteins to help them satiate quickly. In addition, for pets over five years old, there are varieties of food that accelerate metabolism, containing components that protect against urolithiasis. Even if the feed contains substances that prevent the formation of stones in the bladder, it is advisable for a male dog to additionally include liquid food in the form of fermented milk products in the diet.
Raw meat is the basis of natural nutrition.
Food in the form of natural products for a castrated male should also contain the maximum amount of fresh meat, fermented milk products, fresh vegetables and fruits. Raw meat can be mixed with liquid oatmeal, add a little vegetable oil, grated carrots.
If the owner chooses to neuter or neuter his pet, he must provide him with a normal, healthy diet, taking into account the changing needs of the dog. In addition to high-quality food, the animal should receive daily vitamin supplements and walk a lot, since active movements can speed up metabolism.
How and what changes after sterilization
It just so happened that sterilization is called two different procedures. Sterilization is a procedure that leads to infertility. Real sterilization is carried out only when urgently needed, for example, if the dog is breeding, but in the next few years it should not bear offspring.
For all other animals, castration is a more relevant and safe procedure. Castration involves the removal of the testicles from the male, the ovaries and the uterus from the female. After castration, if the procedure was carried out before the start of sexual activity, the hormonal background is balanced within six months. If the dog was neutered already untied or in adulthood, the hormonal background can be balanced up to 1 year.
After the body fully adapts to the new conditions of existence, the dog:
- Metabolism slows down slightly.
- Energy costs are reduced (the dog does not look for a mating partner and does not stress).
- The risk of urolithiasis increases with improper feeding.
All other aspects of life remain unchanged, the dog becomes more active and obedient. To prevent possible health problems, the spayed dog needs to choose a diet that takes into account its new needs.
Natural feeding in the first days after surgery
In the first days after the operation, it is necessary to facilitate the work of the gastrointestinal tract.
The diet should be composed of foods that are completely digested and do not form solid feces. The main point of the postoperative diet is to reduce the tension of the abdominal walls so that the stitches do not come apart during bowel movements.
The postoperative diet consists of:
- Liquid fermented milk products.
- Low fat broth.
- Chopped, boiled vegetables and meat.
Note that cables recover much faster after surgery. The bitch should be kept on a sparing diet for 3-7 days.
Natural diet for a spayed dog
When fed with natural food, the diet of dogs does not undergo significant changes. You can continue to feed your dog raw or a mixture of raw and cooked foods. High-calorie cereals should be excluded from the diet. If the dog begins to gain weight, 10-15% of the cereals must be replaced with protein foods or vegetables.
The risk of gaining excess weight depends not only on the feeding, but also on the activity of the dog. Since, after sterilization, the pet will become more mobile, it makes sense to increase the duration and intensity of walks.
The only important nuance that needs to be considered when compiling a diet is the amount of minerals, or rather, salts. It is better to completely exclude table salt from the diet! To maintain the vitamin and mineral balance, special feed additives must be introduced into the diet.
Note! After sterilization, urolithiasis develops on a diet with high salt levels. Males are more at risk of developing ICD.
Industrial food for a neutered dog
Industrial food has several advantages:
- No need to waste time preparing food for your dog.
- Food can be bought for future use, which significantly saves the family budget.
- Prostate calculating the daily rate.
- Good quality feed is well balanced, which is very difficult to achieve with natural feeding.
Most feed manufacturers produce food lines for animals with special needs. Foods for spayed dogs include:
- Increased protein.
- Reduced calorie content.
- The absence of dyes and salts in the composition, against the background of a balanced vitamin and mineral supplement.
If you decide to feed your sterilized dog with commercial food, it is important to pay attention to its quality. The best choice is premium food of high quality or products of a higher class:
- ROYAL CANIN Neutered Adult Dog (size breakdown).
- Brit Care Light Sterilized (sizing available).
- Hill’s PD Canine I / D (there are feeds with similar guaranteed performance, but hypoallergenic composition).
- GRANDORF for sterilized animals.
- FARMINA Vet Life Dry food for adult neutered and neutered dogs.
- Flatazor Prestige LIGHT et / ou STERILISE.
- ADVANCE Sterilized.
Note! Almost all holistic class foods are suitable for feeding neutered dogs.
When choosing food, read the ingredients carefully! Refuse to buy feed if it contains corn, a large amount of fat, the composition contains “vague” formulations.
How to feed your dog after spaying
Neutering is the only humane method to prevent unwanted puppies and keep your dog healthy. After sterilization, the pet’s lifestyle needs to be slightly changed. The main nuances relate to the diet.
Industrial feeding in the first days after surgery
In the first days after the operation, to prevent complications, it is better to transfer the dog to wet canned food or special pate. Pastes for weakened and recovering animals, have a liquid consistency (pass through a syringe) and an increased calorie content, due to protein products.