With her, one or more puppies develop not in the uterus, but in the abdominal cavity. In this case, only immediate surgery can save, after which the bitch will need long-term treatment.
French Bulldog grooming before mating
The owner of the bitch needs to prepare his pet for mating even before the heat begins.
First of all, you need to give the bitch an anthelmintic one month before the onset of the puddle. It is also necessary to carry out measures to rid the dog of fleas.
In addition, you still need to make sure that she has all the necessary vaccinations.
If the bitch is too fat, it is necessary to put her on a diet to normalize her weight. If the dog is thin, then it needs to be fed with hearty and nutritious food.
It is advisable, starting from the very beginning of estrus, to add mineral and vitamin supplements to the bitch’s feed.
Compliance with these simple rules will help to avoid many problems in the future and, possibly, save your pet from serious complications during pregnancy or childbirth.
Too big a puppy
Quite a common complication in French Bulldog bitches, as puppies have very large forehead heads, which is why they often get stuck in the birth canal. Only one thing can help here. a cesarean section.
Childbirth: preparing and helping the dog in the process
Due to the fact that bitches of the French Bulldog breed often have problems during childbirth, the owner should always keep in the most conspicuous place a sheet with a record of the phone numbers of familiar veterinarians. You may also need to resort to caesarean section.
The beginning of labor is primarily indicated by a drop in temperature to 37 °. In order not to miss their very beginning, it is necessary to start in the morning and in the evening to measure the temperature of the bulldog starting from 54–56 days. Also, the dog begins to build a “nest”, as if digging up its bedding, and it has milk.
If everything goes well, and the bitch gives birth on her own and without complications, then soon contractions will begin, which then turn into attempts, and, finally, the first of the puppies will be born.
You will need to immediately free him from the membranes and immediately after that clear his oral cavity of mucus, using a piece of gauze rolled several times for this purpose. Then you need to tie the umbilical cord in two places. two centimeters from the puppy’s abdomen, and then cut it with scissors above the constriction point and process the cut edge with iodine.
You should not allow the bulldog to bite the umbilical cord itself, as due to the snack, it can gnaw it too close to the puppy’s belly and injure the baby.
After all these manipulations, you can finally transfer the newborn to the mother so that she licks and feeds him. At the time of the birth of each next puppy, it is better to put the previous ones in a pre-prepared box with a heating pad, covered with a soft towel so that the bitch does not press them when she pushes.
Usually French Bulldogs have 6-7 puppies per litter. Their number must strictly coincide with the number of outgoing sequences.
Wrong position of puppies
You can try to fix their situation. Only this should be done exclusively by the veterinarian, who, after giving the bitch anesthesia and waiting for the muscles to relax, can try to turn the puppies so that they lie correctly.
Mating dogs: rules and difficulties
For the first time, a French Bulldog bitch can be knitted at 15-18 months, that is, for the second or third estrus.
To begin with, you will need to find a worthy partner for her. At the same time, not only his origin and exhibition titles are taken into account, but also his health: he should not be a carrier of hereditary diseases. Requires that the dogs fit each other in size.
Both the male and the female must be healthy and have a balanced psyche.
After the dog is selected, you need to agree with its owner about the future mating and what the fee will be.
It is better to mate in a territory familiar to the male, where he will feel more confident.
Dogs should be bred in a closed, and in the cold season, also in a heated room. To prevent the paws of animals from sliding on parquet or laminate, the floor should be covered with old rugs.
Mating can be carried out between 9 and 14 days from the onset of estrus. But at the same time, it is better to navigate by the signs that indicate the readiness of the bitch. As soon as the dog is ready for mating, it stops snarling and growling at the males, but, on the contrary, flirts with them.
Another indicator is that during ovulation the loop softens, and if the edges of the loop diverge when you touch it, then you can not hesitate, since the next day it may be too late.
Dogs are knitted on an empty stomach and properly walked beforehand.
As you know, there are two types of mating: freestyle, in which the dogs do everything themselves, and manual, in which the bitch is held, and the dog is helped a little if he cannot get into the bitch’s loop.
If the dog is experienced, and the bitch shows interest in him, then the dogs can simply be left alone, but at the same time look after them.
Hand mating is recommended in cases where the dog or bitch has no experience in such matters. It is also resorted to in cases where “madam” is too worried or shows aggression.
Help with hand knitting is this. The owner of the bitch holds his pet by the collar with one hand, and the other under the belly. In this case, it is necessary to calm the dog and pet it. The owner of the dog at this time should guide his dog and, when he does the cage, slightly support him under the croup. After ejaculation, a lock usually forms, after which the dogs can be released: they will already behave calmly.
So the dogs stand for 5 to 15 minutes. At this time, you can not interfere with the pets, and even more so take them away by force. If there was a castle during mating, then it is considered successful, if it did not work out, then after a day the mating should be repeated.
DIY, Secrets To Timing ‘When To Breed Your Dog’
Sometimes, when knitting, some difficulties arise, namely:
- The first mating is a psychological test not only for the dog, but also for its owner. The owner is nervous, his excitement is transmitted to the dog. What to do? Just try to calm down or try not to show your excitement to pets.
- Sometimes it happens that the bitch is too spoiled and petted by the owner. Having come to mating and realizing what awaits her, she can get scared and either bite the dog, or huddle up somewhere and sit until the partner is taken away. What to do? It is best for the owner of the bitch to trust a specialist in this matter, and just leave the room himself. In the presence of only strangers, the bitch will immediately become accommodating.
- The male refuses to cage. Most often this happens if either the dog is inexperienced, or the bitch is not yet ready to mate. What to do? An inexperienced dog needs help: to cheer him up, you can also give him a rest, taking the bitch for 10-15 minutes to another room. If an experienced male refuses to mate, then this, most likely, means that either the bitch is not ready yet (in this case, the mating should be repeated 1-2 days later), or she has already finished ovulation.
- The dog was caught in the loop, but the lock did not form, what should I do? To begin with, to understand that even if there was no lock during mating, fertilization could still occur. In this case, it makes sense to hold the dog for about 15 minutes, imitating the lock, then release and let him get off the bitch, and later, after a day or two, carry out a test mating.
- The dog is shorter than the bitch and because of this cannot get into the loop. In decorative dog breeds, to which the French Bulldogs belong, it often happens that males are smaller than females. The difference in size often leads to the fact that the dog simply does not reach the right place. What to do? In this case, the stand on which the dog should be placed can help.
Pregnancy: how to care and what to feed
Pregnancy in French Bulldog bitches usually lasts from 53 to 70 days. In the case of medical indications for a cesarean section, an operation is performed, then the delivery takes place on the day chosen by the doctor.
In the early stages of pregnancy, its signs are still very poorly expressed, therefore, whether the bitch has become pregnant or not can only be judged by excessive excitability and sensitivity to stimuli, as well as a deterioration in appetite.
In the first three weeks of pregnancy, the regime and diet of the bulldog do not need to be changed. It is not necessary to force feed when refusing to feed: the bitch herself knows when she can eat.
In the fourth week, a bitch fed with natural food should start feeding more protein and fresh greens, and a dog fed with ready-made food can be switched to food for pregnant dogs.
By the beginning of the fifth week, you need to more closely monitor the condition of the bitch. At this time, the nipples swell and colostrum begins to appear from them when pressed. Filamentous mucus is secreted from the loop.
By the sixth week, the dog has ribs and an enlarged belly, she begins to look for a place for herself to a den, where she will raise her offspring.
The bitch is now fed 3 times a day, and starting from the seventh week, she is transferred to four meals a day.
It is better not to reduce physical activity in time, but now walks with the dog should be unhurried, you can not force it to run a lot or even more to jump.
You will also need to prepare a birthing box for the pet and, somewhere from the seventh or the beginning of the eighth week, teach the bulldog to it.
At the eighth week, the puppies begin to wiggle. At this time, it will already be possible to determine how large the litter will be. For this, it is best to do an ultrasound.
From the eighth week, you need to stop giving the dog meat, replacing it with sea fish in a ratio of 1: 1.5.
From the ninth week of pregnancy, the bulldog should be fed 4-6 times a day, while the daily rate should be reduced by about a quarter.
2 or 3 days before childbirth, in order to prevent eclampsia, it is now necessary to completely exclude fish from the diet. Feed the dog often at this time, in small portions.
The day before giving birth, the bitch usually refuses to eat herself, in this case you do not need to force feed her.
Weak contractions or pushing
Most often this happens when there are dead puppies in the uterus or when the bitch is overfed and not trained enough. excess weight and weak muscles weaken labor. Only the veterinarian will determine the reason for this. And he, if necessary, will give the bitch an injection to stimulate labor.
Heat in small breed dogs
Heat in small breed dogs begins after about 6 months of life. Usually, the first heat occurs between 6-12 months, for example, in a Yorkshire Terrier, heat begins about a year.
But there is no hard and fast rule. Each animal is individual. At this time, owners of small dogs on walks need to be especially vigilant so that a huge dog does not “roll up” to the bitch, otherwise it can cause serious damage to health.
- Stage 1. proestrus. minor bleeding, but traces remain wherever the dog has been. To do this, use special absorbent pants;
- Stage 2. estrus. begins 10 days after the first signs of bleeding. At this time, the bitch admits to her dog for fertilization. Continuation of this stage for 7 days. To obtain breed puppies, after fertilization, it is better to protect the bitch from other males;
- 3rd stage. diestrus. the final stage, at this time the bitch still attracts males, but does not let them in. The period lasts up to 10 days, after the end of the stage, estrus occurs only after six months.
Having passed a blood test for progesterone, you can avoid mistakes. If there was no heat, you need to look for the reason for the interruption of the cycle. If necessary, the veterinarian can artificially induce estrus.
Heat in large breed dogs
Heat in large breed dogs usually begins between 12-18 months of age. But the time of the onset of estrus is purely individual and there is no specific period.
A favorable time for conception in large breeds of dogs is considered to be 10-15 days of estrus. The sexual arousal of the female during this period is at the maximum level and it is at this time that it is recommended to bring her with the male.
When does the first heat in dogs begin??
In bitches, puberty begins at the age of about 7 months. 1.5 years (depending on whether the dog is a small or large breed), and is expressed by the fact that the bitch begins to shed heavily.
The first heat, unlike the next, is the shortest. Often only a weak manifestation of it is noted, the so-called hidden puddle. this is an insignificant release of blood, which attracts little males.
Young bitches, which are close to puberty, have the likelihood of false heat, in this regard, allowing mating, heat can suddenly interrupt without ovulation. But after a few days the bitch can go hunting again and already with ovulation. Signs of heat in a bitch are spotting from the noose, which is attractive to males.
Signs, symptoms, dog in heat
How to tell if a dog is in heat? Your dog’s behavior changes during estrus. The dog becomes more active, playful, and naughty. Hormones begin to “play”, and instinct pushes her to free behavior. You can identify estrus by the following signs:
- At this time, the dog begins to urinate much more often;
- attention from males increases much;
- blood droplets can be seen on the litter or floor that come out of the loop;
- females periodically lick the noose.
At this time, females do not allow males, since they are not ready for the fertilization process.
As a rule, by 9-15 days, the discharge becomes slimy, straw-colored. This is the period of the so-called “unfavorable” days. At this time, the female has maximum sexual arousal when they notice the males, move their tail to the side and take a stance. The loop swells a lot.
This period lasts approximately 5-7 days. The owner, if he wants to mate the dog, is obliged to mark these days. Depending on the breed, the favorable time for fertilization may occur on days 9-17, in some even on days 21.
To prevent the animal from leaving the characteristic droplets of red in the house, you can use special pants for dogs in heat. However, most dog handlers advise to teach her to lick her very first heat. Be that as it may, it is recommended to wrap the carpets during emptying.
How long dogs are in heat and how does a dog behave during and after estrus?
Heat in dogs is a natural, psychophysiological process that is characteristic of most female mammals. The presence of estrus indicates that the female is ready to mate and bear offspring.
How long does estrus last in dogs (duration)? How does the dog behave during heat, before and after it, does the animal’s behavior change? What should the owner do if the dog is in frequent heat or is in heat for a long time? How to determine? Can dog briefs be used when in heat? We will try to answer these and other questions in this article.
All dog owners, without exception, have to deal with such a phenomenon as estrus (other names are pushover, esterus). Owners of bitches face this directly, and owners of males, so to speak, indirectly, since their pets come into contact with the opposite sex during walks.
The bitch’s behavior during this period
A few weeks before the onset of estrus, the dog begins to behave restlessly, may become lethargic or, conversely, aggressive. Her appetite disappears or becomes very high. Weight gain and disobedience may become a symptom of future estrus. Dogs begin to sit on males or other bitches. If the bitch often goes to the toilet, licks herself, the loop (the external genital organ in bulldogs) swells, these are also signs of impending heat. During the first 9 days, the dog does not admit the males, treats them aggressively.
From the tenth to the twentieth day, he shows an active interest in individuals of the opposite sex, the dog “substitutes”, sits down. During this period, if mating is undesirable, you need to especially carefully monitor the animal, walk only on a leash. During the period of metestrus, the bitch refuses the attention of the males, reacts aggressively to their attacks, sexual intercourse is undesirable for her.
If an accidental sexual intercourse nevertheless occurred (it lasts from forty minutes to an hour), then it is by no means possible to separate the dogs by force. Anatomical features suggest strong coupling between male and female.
After 21 days, the discharge will practically disappear, the bitch will lose interest in the opposite sex, on the contrary, she will react aggressively to males. This will be a sign that heat is ending.
When does the first one start?
Basically, dogs begin to flow between the ages of six months and a year. If this does not happen, or, conversely, estrus began too early, you should contact your veterinarian. Males begin to experience sexual desire at the age of 1 year. Bitches mature earlier, but experts do not recommend mating a dog immediately after the first estrus, at 6 months. The animal has not yet formed completely, it will stop growing and developing. In addition, the process of childbirth in French Bulldogs is rather difficult.
Newborns are born with very large heads and the bitch usually has a caesarean section. At 6 months of age, not every dog is able to recover from such a process.
French Bulldogs flow on average twice a year. Heat lasts about 21 days, manifested by secretions in the form of mucus, the first days are colorless, after that. with blood. In the sexual cycle, several periods are distinguished:
The first stage, proestrus. From 1 to 9 days (sometimes from three to seventeen). Discharge with blood appears. During this period, the dog must be monitored all the time in order to prevent accidental mating, to walk the bitch only on a leash. Stage two, estrus. Lasts about nine days (sometimes from three to twenty one). Discharge becomes less pink. At this stage, ovulation occurs. At this time, the bitch is attracted to males, mating occurs most often during this period. The third stage of estrus, metestrus. This period is counted from about the nineteenth day of emptying, lasts about 60 days. The bloody discharge stops, but there may still be mucus. At this time, the bitches are reluctant to mate and avoid males. The final stage, anestrus. Lack of sexual activity. Lasts about half a year.
If the estrus time is shortened or, conversely, inexplicably increases, the dog should be shown to the veterinarian.
The most suitable time for crossing French Bulldogs is considered to be from 11 to 14 days of estrus. The owner must count down the days to keep track of the process and bring the animals together on time.
Suitable time for first mating is 15-18 months.
Normally, the estrus interval is 6 months, but this phase can last differently for each dog. It all depends on the living conditions, on the diet, the activity of the dog. The environment of mature bitches also affects French Bulldogs, they can integrate into the general rhythms of maturation.
When does the first start and how long does estrus last for a French Bulldog
The first estrus in French Bulldogs. in another way it is called a puddle or esterus. occurs when the bitch has reached puberty. This is usually a sign that the dog is ready to bear offspring. But experts do not advise rushing with viscous.
How many days does a French Bulldog in heat last?
The first estrus of a French Bulldog. especially if the animal is taken for the first time. is a new stage in the life of the dog and its owner. The bitch must be carefully monitored during this period in order to prevent unwanted mating, especially at the age of up to one year. In the process of estrus, the animal will change its behavior, the owner should react to this calmly, helping the pet to harmoniously survive this state. It is not worth rushing with mating in the first heat, the animal must mature and become ready for the birth of offspring. For most of their lives, bitches are able to produce puppies.
Teat and mating of French Bulldogs
Breeding French Bulldogs is not the easiest process, given the characteristics of the breed. However, all owners sooner or later have a question about mating pets.
Fertilization preparation and mating
The mating process is not easy, especially if French Bulldogs have their first mating. Therefore, it is better to invite experienced breeders to help. However, there are several recommendations that will help if the presence of a specialist is not possible.
- In about a month and a half, you should take your pets to the veterinarian. This will help to avoid possible troubles and health problems in dogs. Perhaps for this period he will recommend adjusting the diet. Also, for prevention, anthelmintic drugs are prescribed.
- Dogs should be prepared immediately before the process. Cut the claws of the dog so that he does not hurt the bitch, if anti-odor sprays were used, stop using them 1-2 days before mating.
- It is good to walk the dogs before mating, feed them, but no later than 3 hours before they meet.
- If this is the first mating of the bitch, and she is nervous, you can give her something to calm down, after consulting with the doctor.
Puberty in French Bulldogs occurs somewhat earlier than the body is ready for fertilization and bearing offspring. At the age of one, sexual attraction appears in males of the French Bulldog breed. The first heat in bitches takes place much earlier. at about six months. But mating at this early age should not be allowed.
In order for the mating of French Bulldogs to go well and without harm to health, it is necessary to wait one and a half years for females and two years for males. On average, French Bulldogs have a heat twice a year with an interval of about 6 months. You can understand that it has begun by several characteristic signs: the pet’s behavior changes to a more active and independent one, or, conversely, sluggish and drowsy. Heat also sets in. French Bulldogs have mucus-like discharge, colorless for the first few days, then bloody.
To select the optimal time for mating, you need to notice how long the French Bulldog’s estrus lasts. This is usually 21 days. The most optimal time for mating is considered to be 11-14 days, counting from the first day when French Bulldogs began to estrus. Age of pets suitable for the birth of healthy offspring: in bitches up to 8-9 years, in males. up to 10 years.
- Dogs of the French Bulldog breed are best knitted on the territory of the male. In this case, it is necessary to take care of the space: it should not be hot, lay a carpet on the floor so that the dogs do not slip, remove dangerous and breakable objects.
- Mating French Bulldogs can be hand and free. Manual is necessary if mating occurs for the first time in animals. The owners help the pets during the whole process: the male is supported by the lower back, the female by the neck, placing her knee under her belly. The same method is recommended if the female is significantly smaller than the male. Loose mating requires experience, and if the animals are already familiar.
- For a guaranteed result, a control ligament of French Bulldogs is required, carried out 1-2 days after the main.
In case of successful mating, the dog becomes pregnant. which is resolved by childbirth after 9 weeks.
Techka in dogs: what a pet owner should know
Techka (also: estrus, pushover, hunting) in dogs, regardless of breed, takes place 2 times a year. It is most often seen in bitches in the autumn-spring seasons. The body of the animal during this period undergoes physiological and mental changes. Therefore, during the sexual hunt, the pet requires increased attention and care. However, novice dog breeders usually do not know what to do with a bitch in heat. How to help a dog during this period, choose the right time for mating, and not harm its health, this article is devoted to.
How old is sex hunt for bitches
The estrous cycle in the female does not stop throughout her life. In older bitches, the signs of sexual heat may be less pronounced and less frequent. Nevertheless, the dog retains reproductive ability. Therefore, the owner needs to monitor the animal: walk with the pet on a leash, keep the males out, use protective equipment against unwanted mating.
Complete cessation of leaks in a female “aged” indicates the presence of pathologies of the thyroid gland or genitourinary system.
How to tell if a dog is in heat
The behavior of the dog before estrus (proestrus) changes. She urinates frequently and is restless. The animal’s appetite increases. An additional sign of the onset of sexual heat is excessive molting.
During proestrus, the female flirts with males and even with other bitches, wags her tail, cuts her chest to the ground, presses her ears. However, he does not admit males to himself. Discharge from the loop (especially in small breeds), the owner may not notice, since a clean animal often licks them.
The behavior of a dog during estrus (estrus phase) also has its own characteristics. The female looks active, but at the same time loses her appetite (eats poorly or refuses to eat at all), may whine.
If they touch the rump of the animal (near the root of the tail) and move the finger of the other hand in the vulva, the bitch assumes a posture typical for mating:
- falls on the front legs;
- takes the tail to the side;
- a wave of muscle contractions passes along the back.
The animal stands firmly on its hind legs and twitches the loop, lifting it up. With estrus, the discharge is pale pink or colorless. The female allows the males to come to her and is ready to mate. During this period, there is a high probability of pregnancy.
Sometimes bitches have latent heat, in which the animal does not have a discharge. Often arises in the first puddle. In this case, the female is capable of conceiving.
It is possible to understand that the dog is out of heat by the following signs: the animal becomes calm, does not allow males to come near, appetite returns, the discharge completely stops.
How many days do dogs have estrus?
Signs of sexual heat begin to appear 2 weeks before the onset of the estrus cycle, when the dog is ready to mate and may become pregnant.
The duration of the heat itself is from 2 to 4 days. In some cases, estrus lasts up to 14-16 days. How long hunting lasts also largely depends on the length of daylight hours, age, care and nutrition.
In time, the cycle takes no more than 1 month, after which sexual rest occurs. The “rest” phase lasts from 4 to 8 months. For the first time, the sexual hunt can last as little as 1 week.
The fact that the heat has passed is indicated by the calm behavior of the pet, the restoration of appetite and the lack of interest in the opposite sex.
Prolonged estrus is considered when estrus occurs for more than a month. The condition is often caused by hormonal disorders or internal pathologies. In this case, it is necessary to examine the dog in a veterinary clinic.
What is estrus in dogs
Heat in dogs is a physiological process that takes place in the body of a bitch, during which she shows readiness to reproduce. Occurs at the age of 6 months to a year. depends on the specific breed (read more below).
- metaestrus (diestrus);
Proestrus or forerunner is accompanied by a thickening of the uterine lining. In this phase, the first signs of estrus appear in the dog: there is spotting, the loop looks swollen and tense. The bitch becomes playful, but does not let the males near her. The duration of proestrus is 1-1.5 weeks.
Estrus, or heat, is the phase of the estrous cycle when the uterus is ready to receive the embryo. The color of the selection changes from red to yellow. The swollen loop noticeably increases in size, becomes lethargic (see photo). The female is ready to mate.
The estrus stage in dogs lasts on average 2-4 days. Sometimes it lasts from 9 to 16 days, which is the norm. There is a high likelihood of puberty in case of mating.
Metaestrus or post-flow is accompanied by attenuation of sexual activity. The uterus at this time is waiting for the embryo, the loop becomes smaller. The female loses interest in the opposite sex, but she can still attract males to her. The bitch does not allow males to approach her and is aggressive towards them. Post-production ends after 8-12 weeks.
Most often, during the metaestrus phase, a false pregnancy is ascertained in dogs, which is associated with an increased amount of progesterone in the blood.
Anestrus, or sexual rest, lasts 3 to 6 months. Its duration largely depends on factors such as the time of the year, health status, conditions of detention, and nutrition of the animal. The estrous cycle then resumes.
Heat in dogs
How long does estrus last for dogs?
Regardless of size and breed, estrus in all dogs lasts 20-30 days. It is divided into four phases, which differ in physiological signs and characteristics of behavior.
Proestrus. the first phase, which lasts 7-10 days. The genital loop of the dog swells, it begins to actively mark the territory, after 3-4 days the first spotting appears. The behavior of the animal changes: the dog becomes agitated, obeys commands poorly, shows a clear interest in males during walks, but when they try to enter into an intimate relationship with her, it becomes aggressive, runs away, sits on its tail.
Estrus. the second phase, when the dog ovulates and is ready to become a mother. Lasts 7-9 days. The dog’s pearl loop becomes soft, the discharge becomes transparent pink, she is actively interested in males and is not aggressive during their flirting. At this time, the dog is ready for mating.
Metaestrus. the third phase is when estrus ends. Lasts for several days. The dog’s secretions stop flowing, hormones decrease, it loses interest in the dog and stops letting them in.
Aestrus. the fourth phase, the period of sexual rest, which lasts 4 to 7 months between estrus.
When the first heat comes
When a French Bulldog bitch reaches puberty, she is in her first estrus. But for each specific individual, the time of the onset of the first empty spot differs and can vary from 6 months to 1 year or more.
It is interesting! In the event of a significant delay in this event or its excessively early onset, you should seek the advice of a veterinarian.
The behavior of the pet can tell about the approach of a puddle in a few weeks: she can begin to sit on both males and bitches, and can also gain or lose weight, increase physical activity, or vice versa, become lethargic and sedentary, her appetite can both increase, so it will decrease, concentration of attention may fall, that is, it can show disobedience to the owner and trainer.
It is recommended to mate a bitch for the first time at the age of 15-18 months, that is, during the 3rd estrus (and not earlier than that). For these purposes, males can be used more than adults. those who have reached the age of two.
From 2 to 5 days after ovulation, the time comes when the sperm of the male dog can fertilize the eggs of the female. Mating should be carried out during this interval or the day before, that is, at a time when mating is able to ensure conception. Experienced breeders recommend mating in the male’s territory, as there he will feel more confident and no less active.
Important! Before mating, the dogs must be walked well, and fed no earlier than 3 hours before mating. The knitting room must be safe and the floor not slippery.
Often, breeders determine the appropriate period for mating dogs by counting days, since on average 11-13 days from the start of the puffing (which is determined by the discharge) ovulation occurs. But these terms may vary in some dogs, so the bitch may be undeservedly considered sterile (empty). Another way to find out the period for intercourse is the method of assessing the state of the loop, when breeders are guided by a change in its condition. it acquires softness at the beginning of estrus. They also look at the behavior of the bitch: admission of males serves as a signal for mating.
However, this behavior is not inherent in all representatives of the dog breed, when even on suitable days they can be aggressive towards males and prevent coitus. Therefore, the assessment of the state of the vagina is more informative and in this case it is necessary to plan mating on the 4th day after the softening of the loop, when the period of fertilization approximately begins. By observing the discharge from the vulva, it is also possible to determine the period of estrus. they brighten, but there are exceptions when the type of discharge in the phase of proestrus and estrus and even after it does not differ in bitches.
With the help of medical research, it is possible to establish more specific dates for the onset of ovulation: vaginoscopy, examination of a smear from the vagina (cytological method), determination of the level of hormones in the blood. Since none of the methods is considered error-free and giving one hundred percent result, it is recommended to be guided by several of them, as well as to carry out repeated (control) mating 1 day after the previous one.
The first estrus (puddle, esterus) in a French Bulldog bitch prompts the owner about the onset of puberty of his pet. Those who want to breed these cute dogs, and breeders who do not have such intentions, should pay special attention to this period of the life of their four-legged friend.
Dog behavior during estrus
During proestrus (from 1 to 9 days of estrus), the dog begins to lick itself frequently and urinate frequently. She may have a great appetite, and the bitch may also show increased attention to the owner, demonstrate affection. You should only walk her on a leash, otherwise there is a risk of her escape, since the tendency to vagrancy and disobedience also fall during this period.
At the end of this phase, she is interested in males, but does not allow coitus, although she shows a tendency to communicate with males, but rarely lets herself be sniffed, can show aggression.
It is interesting! During the estrus period (from 10 to 18 days of emptying), the dog readily accepts courtship of representatives of the opposite sex, allowing mating.
Her interest in males is clear. She can take inviting poses, crouching to the ground and crouching in the lordosis position, takes her tail to the side and up and freezes, thus showing sexual desire or rut, actively makes cages. Pheromones released during this period can provoke the onset of estrus in bitches living together. In metestrus (from the 19th day of estrus), the bitch rejects the courtship of males, actively demonstrating this, snaps, and may even enter a fight. All family members should know about the peculiarities of the bitch’s behavior before, during and after the pacifier in order to avoid possible excesses and troubles and to improve the quality of caring for her during this period.
Duration of estrus, repetitions
The sexual cycle of a French Bulldog bitch consists of 4 phases.
- Proestrus (forerunner). lasts about 9 days (but can vary from 3 to 17 days) and begins with swelling of the loop and bloody discharge from the genitals, increased urination. The amount and type of discharge does not matter, and if the bitch often licks herself, they are practically invisible. Sometimes ovulation occurs at the end of this phase, but more often it occurs in estrus.
- Estrus. also lasts about 9 days (varies from 3 to 21 days) and can be determined by the readiness of the bitch to copulate with an individual of the opposite sex. The amount and volume of discharge from the vulva during this period decrease and acquire a transparent (pink) hue, although there are exceptions when spotting is the same both in proestrus and in estrus. The puffiness of the loop becomes less, it softens. On days 2-4 of estrus, ovulation occurs, lasting a day.
- Metestrus (diestrus) lasts 60 days. Its beginning can be signaled by the bitch’s refusal to have sexual intercourse. In this phase, the bloody discharge ends, but mucus may be secreted.
- Anestrus. the period in which the ovaries are in relative rest until the next proestrus.
The interval between emptyings is approximately six months, but it may differ for each individual. Thus, the anestrus phase can last differently for each bitch. The duration of this phase is influenced by various factors: food, activity, even communication with bitches in heat due to the influence of pheromones.
Why I skip first heat cycle for Breeding / Matt’s Frenchies
The established duration of intervals between emptyings (in the absence of significant changes in the living conditions of the dog) can persist for about 6 years. After 6-7 years of the bitch’s life, this period will increase, correspondingly increasing the intervals between estrus.
The dog heat explained
Important! In case of successful fertilization, the next estrus after estrus may occur 4-6 months after pregnancy and childbirth.
This period may increase if the bitch feeds the puppies for a long time. It is important to understand that both very short and long, incessant estrus should alert the owner and serve as a signal to see a doctor.