home Dogs How long does it take for a dog to be sterilized?

How long does it take for a dog to be sterilized?

Table of Contents

Drugs used for anesthesia

The choice of the drug depends on the complexity and timing of the procedure, the operation and the individual characteristics of the dog. In the past, anesthesiologists used medications that had “severe” side effects. Modern drugs are softer and safer:

  • For inhalation anesthesia use “Xenon”, “Isoflurane”, “Sevoflurane”.
  • For a strong analgesic effect, intravenous anesthesia is administered. This is “Butorphanol”, “Domitor”.
  • Intravenous drugs of weak and short-term action. “Doprivan”, “Propofol”. They provide quick awakening and “mild”, short-lived side effects.

What should alert the owner

How the dog behaves after anesthesia indicates how easy the recovery period is for it. The owner should be alerted by the following points:

  • The dog is breathing heavily after anesthesia, wheezing, coughing. Complication can occur if the pet has problems with the respiratory and cardiovascular system.
  • Irritation, allergy, edema developed at the surgery site. It may be necessary to replace the antiseptic, medications, prescribe antihistamines.
  • Constipation, lack of urination for 2-3 days after surgery. The pet urgently needs to be shown to the veterinarian, to change the feeding.
  • The dog vomits after anesthesia for several days.

Dog after anesthesia: how much and how it departs

Anesthesia is used in the practice of a veterinarian quite often and not only during operations. Being in a state of excitement, the dog can behave aggressively with the doctor or owner, refuse to follow his commands. To exclude such behavior during various medical procedures, general anesthesia is used.

The first day after surgery: recovery from anesthesia

This period is very important for your pet’s health. Recovery time depends on the individual characteristics of the animal. It is important to know how dogs recover from anesthesia. It can take from 2-3 hours to a day before the pet comes to its senses.

Ideally, all this time the dog should be in an inpatient clinic under the supervision of an experienced veterinarian. In reality, the animal is handed over to the owner’s hands almost like a rhinestone after awakening. He has to see and worry about his pet if side symptoms arise:

  • Dizziness, staggering gait, whining.
  • The dog does not stand up, jerks its paws, falls on its side, cannot walk.
  • Lack of appetite, reaction to a nickname.
  • Vomiting occurs.
  • The dog is shaking after anesthesia.
  • Fear, fear of people, aggression appear.

All of the above symptoms are considered normal if they last no more than a day after surgery. During this period, the pet must be provided with peace, periodically moisten the lips with water. If these symptoms continue for more than a day, then you should immediately seek veterinary help.

long, does, sterilized

How long does a dog recover from anesthesia after surgery?

A dog’s recovery from anesthesia is an important moment when the animal’s condition must be monitored by an anesthesiologist or veterinarian in a hospital setting. The safest in terms of possible control and minor complications are inhalation and intravenous anesthesia. Intramuscular anesthesia is difficult to control. It has many side effects. Therefore, a competent veterinarian rarely uses it.

The effect of inhalation anesthesia continues as long as the dog inhales the gas mixture. She quickly falls asleep and wakes up within a few minutes after the drug stops acting. It is often combined with the administration of analgesics.

With intravenous anesthesia, the animal falls asleep within a minute. The duration depends on the amount of the drug injected. To bring her to consciousness earlier, special preparations are introduced for awakening and recovery.

Important! The speed of the dog’s recovery after anesthesia depends on the state of its health, the complexity of the operation. This can take from a few minutes to several hours.

When you need an urgent visit to the veterinarian

Despite excellent home care, complications in the postoperative period are possible. Ignoring some of the symptoms can lead to serious consequences or death for the pet. Here are the main ones:

  • high body temperature on the 2nd day after surgery;
  • suppuration or divergence of the surgical suture;
  • bleeding;
  • weak, intermittent breathing;
  • clouding of consciousness, cyanosis of the mucous membranes;
  • wheezing, coughing, shortness of breath.

Important! For any suspicious symptoms in order to preserve the life and health of the pet, you should immediately contact the veterinary clinic.

When is anesthesia applied to dogs

Anesthesia is an artificially induced, reversible condition characterized by the following symptoms:

  • loss of consciousness, artificial sleep, amnesia occurs;
  • muscles relax, natural reflexes are completely or partially turned off, the dog is immobilized;
  • nerve endings do not perceive pain, complete pain relief of the animal’s body occurs.

Indications for the use of general anesthesia for dogs:

  • Carrying out abdominal operations.
  • Operations on the limbs, head.
  • Docking ears, tail.
  • Castration.
  • X-ray.
  • Taking analysis for histology.
  • Endoscopic examination.
  • Tooth treatment, dental calculus cleaning.
  • The animal is or may be aggressive.
  • Inability to fix the desired body position when the animal is conscious.

Anesthesia can be intravenous, intramuscular, or inhalation. The type of anesthesia is prescribed by the doctor depending on the complexity, duration of surgery or manipulation, health, weight, age of the dog.

Important! Before the introduction of anesthesia, the veterinarian examines the dog: blood test, assessment of the state of the heart, lungs, ultrasound of internal organs, MRI. The owner is warned of possible risks and complications. He gives written consent to the operation and other necessary manipulations.

What to do during the recovery phase

The recovery phase of a dog after surgery can last from 10 days to 2 months. Its duration depends on the complexity of the operation, age, and immunity of the animal. When the pet has come to its senses, all the care of it falls on the shoulders of the owner. The attending physician must give advice on care during the recovery period.

Important! For a sick dog, the owner must carefully look after, showing care, affection. This will speed up her recovery.

General rules of care during the recovery period:

  • Provide the pet with absolute rest on a soft bedding, no drafts. The first day after anesthesia, the dog usually lies, does not get up.
  • The first 6-7 hours the animal is not allowed to drink, but only moisten its lips. Then you can put a bowl of water next to it or drink from a syringe with the needle removed.
  • You cannot feed your pet for 12-24 hours after the operation. Then you can give light food: broths, soaked dry food, wet food. Servings should be slightly smaller than usual.
  • If a dog is trembling after anesthesia, it has small tremors and cold paws, it should be covered with a blanket, a warm blanket.
  • Measure the temperature twice a day: in the morning and in the evening. On the second day, she should return to normal. from 37.5 to 39.4 degrees.
  • Clean up after the dog if it goes to the toilet. The first days of walking on the street are prohibited.
  • Pain relief so that she can recover from anesthesia faster, sleep more.
  • After removal of the uterus, sterilization or other abdominal operations, a blanket or bandage is put on the dog, protecting the surgical suture from infection, discrepancy. The seam is treated with antiseptics, and the bandage is changed daily to sterile.
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The ability to have offspring again

The use of KontrSex Neo is especially important for dogs intended for breeding. 3 months after the drug was discontinued, the animal’s reproductive function is restored. The pet will be able to have healthy offspring.

Recovery of a dog after spaying. Postoperative complications

Even if no complications occurred during anesthesia, it is too early to relax. Problems can arise several hours after sterilization. It is necessary to carefully monitor the pet and immediately seek help from a specialist at the slightest symptoms of a worsening of her condition.

Possible complications after spaying a dog:

  • Bleeding Bleeding occurs usually due to the unprofessionalism of the surgeon, as well as due to poor blood clotting in the pet. With internal bleeding in a pet, the mucous membranes will turn pale, the body temperature will drop, breathing and pulse will become more frequent. In this case, you need to urgently contact your veterinarian for help.
  • Suture inflammation Suture inflammation can occur with improper postoperative treatment. The pet may also try to lick the wound itself. Therefore, a blanket is put on the dog immediately after sterilization. And the seam is regularly treated with an antiseptic.
  • Surgical infection If the dog after spaying develops a high fever, rapid pulse, thirst, vomiting, then an infection is most likely brought in. The operation was not performed under sterile conditions or the surgical instruments were not properly processed. In this case, antibiotic treatment will be needed.
  • Hernia A postoperative hernia occurs when the abdominal organs fall outside the abdominal wall. This happens due to the divergence of the internal seams. After sterilization, a lump (a bulge without signs of inflammation) can be found in the dog’s seam area. The most common cause of a hernia is improper suturing by the surgeon.

Neutering the dog. Why is the operation needed?

Spaying a dog is a surgical procedure that will prevent your pet from having offspring. Before the operation, dog owners have reasonable doubts about whether the pet really needs sterilization.?

On the one hand, the operation can help get rid of problems associated with sexual activity, and on the other hand, it poses a danger to the health of the pet.

Alternative to surgery. Why dog ​​owners make a different decision

Some dog owners are not ready to make such a responsible decision and put their pet at risk of surgery. Therefore, to get rid of the undesirable behavior of a four-legged friend during estrus, drugs are used to regulate sexual desire.

Canine Spay

The dog will behave calmly

Thanks to the modern composition, CounterSex Neo solves the problems of undesirable behavior caused by estrus in pets: marking the territory, disobedience, aggression, unwanted pregnancy after accidental mating.

What are veterinarians silent about? Complications during and after surgery, long-term consequences

The bitch is sterilized under general anesthesia, during which complications may occur. The animal departs from the action of anesthesia from 12 to 24 hours.

After spaying, the dog needs extra care. For two weeks after the operation, the pet must wear a blanket so as not to lick the stitches. The surgical suture should be treated with antiseptic drugs. The pet needs peace, it needs to be protected from physical exertion and games.

The outcome of the operation largely depends on the professionalism of the surgeon. Both during the operation and after it, you can face a number of problems. To exclude the possibility of their appearance, it is necessary to carefully examine the pet before sterilization:

  • Conduct ECHO and ECG of the heart;
  • Pass a general and biochemical blood test.

These types of examinations will help identify hidden pathologies of the cardiovascular system and internal organs in the dog.

Convenient to apply

The drug KontrSek Neo is available in the form of drops and tablets. Choose the most convenient shape for your pet.

The dog is the first day after surgery. Coming out of anesthesia

For the operation, usually 3 methods of introducing narcotic and sedatives are used. After sterilization of the dog, anesthesia is removed in a day or two. Naturally, animals move away from everyone in different ways.

  • Inhalation (gas) anesthesia. The most effective and relatively non-toxic method with minimal side effects. The dog comes to himself almost immediately after the device for supplying a gaseous substance is turned off. There is slight disorientation and decreased activity. Lack of high cost due to a special apparatus for anesthesia and the narcotic mixtures themselves.
  • Analgesics muscle relaxants. The most commonly used mixture, but the animal takes a long time to recover. Depending on the name of the drugs, the dog “wakes up” from 5-8 hours to a day.
  • Epidural anesthesia muscle relaxant. The mixtures are of low toxicity and, as a rule, are well tolerated. It is not done in small breeds due to the difficulty of inserting to the desired depth into the epidural space of the spinal cord. With such anesthesia, the qualifications of the surgeon are very important. The dog leaves such anesthesia for a maximum of 6-8 hours.

The care of the dog immediately after spaying should be appropriate:

  • The pet is placed in a low place. The coordination of movements is still impaired, and the dog may not calculate the strength for a normal jump on a sofa, bed or any other hill.
  • The dog is protected from drafts and low temperatures (you can cover it with a light blanket). All processes in the initial postoperative period are slowed down and heat regulation is also impaired.Any anesthesia slightly lowers body temperature and somewhat inhibits thermoregulation processes, therefore all risks of hypothermia should be completely excluded!
  • Fasting diet 10-12 hours maximum. Free access to water. Any food intake can provoke vomiting, and in such a weakened state, the dog can become swollen with vomit.
  • After 10-12 hours, you can start feeding the dog a little with small portions of food. In the first two days, an emetic reaction to water and food is allowed, because the stomach starts up gradually after anesthesia, therefore it is impossible to overfeed.
  • You need to be prepared for the inappropriate behavior of the pet against the background of withdrawal from anesthesia. Disorientation, attempts to run in an unknown direction, sudden falling asleep on the move, whining, unsteady gait, possibly involuntary urination. Does not always respond to a nickname. In this state, the main thing is not to let the dog hide somewhere where it will be problematic to get it.

For the next 2-3 days, the dog gradually completely recovers from the anesthesia after sterilization, comes to his senses and his behavior becomes normal. This period can be different for each pet.

  • The dog must be prescribed an antibiotic in the form of injections. Most effective to use ceftriaxone or sinulox. intramuscularly once a day, 1-5 ml per animal, depending on the size and intensity of the inflammatory process (1 bottle is diluted in 5 ml of 0.5% novocaine). The course is 5-7 days. The diluted solution is good for 24 hours. Sometimes used Amoxicillin 15% at a dose of 0.1 ml / kg subcutaneously, once a day or every other day (a 10 ml bottle costs 165 rubles), but its capacity is often not enough and the inflammation still breaks through.

What you can’t do:

  • Walk actively in the first two weeks after surgery, run and jump.
  • Remove the blanket from the animal until the postoperative wound is completely healed.
  • Treat the seam with something containing alcohol so as not to burn the skin.
  • Allow the first few days to sleep near heaters or on hot batteries. It should be warm around, not hot, heat reduces the ability of blood to clot and dilates blood vessels.
  • Raise in hands, holding only the front paws.
  • Leave food all day. Food should be displayed directly at feeding times for a maximum of 15-20 minutes. It is necessary to exclude the risks of poisoning by missing feed.

We process the seam

The seam after sterilization is located on the dog’s lower abdomen, along the so-called white mowing line. from the navel to the tail. The length of the suture depends on the size of the dog and can be from 2 to 10-15 cm. Doctors recommend removing the sutures 10-14 days after the operation. In some cases, removal is carried out earlier (with good healing or, conversely, with rejection of the suture material). The stitches are treated daily 1-2 times a day.

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As a rule, seam treatment is not unpleasant for dogs. Some pets, on the contrary, are pleased when their belly is scratched, especially after a few days, when the seam may itch a little during healing. Cats, for example, tolerate this procedure much more painfully. their groin area is “inviolable” for strangers.

The dog is put on a special blanket immediately after the sterilization operation so that it cannot lick its seam. You should immediately purchase a second blanket to replace, because In the first days after sterilization, there may be slight bleeding from the suture. In addition, the blanket will get dirty during the walk.

It is most convenient to process the seam with sterile gauze wipes. Ready-made napkins are sold in packs of 10 at the pharmacy You can use a sterile bandage and just fold the piece in several layers.

The napkin is abundantly moistened with a solution of hydrogen peroxide and applied along the entire length of the seam. It is preferable to use peroxide, because it will soak the bloody crusts well, which must be removed. With a second napkin along the seam, all dirt is removed to keep the seam clean. Then blot dry.

After general hygiene of the wound, the suture is treated with any wound-healing and anti-inflammatory agent (see section Medicinal postoperative support).

Further, the seam can be processed with the following means (optional):

6-7 days

The dog practically does not pay attention to the blanket, is active, with good appetite and adequate thirst, runs, jumps a little, sleeps in his sleeping place or in his favorite place. There is no pain anymore, all physiological needs are coped naturally and in the usual way, without attracting special attention of the owner.

Externally, the postoperative wound is the same color as the skin of the abdomen, wool begins to grow back, the process of scarring is visible. There should be no redness, discharge, swelling, etc.

The sutures are not yet removed, it is still kept for 10-14 days, depending on the suture material. Dogs are very mobile animals, the risks of divergence of the seams on the skin still persist.

Aluminum spray

Week after surgery (day by day)

How dogs normally recover after anesthesia?

Abdominal surgeries are performed on dogs under general anesthesia. The moment of exiting drug sleep is dangerous, so veterinarians leave the animal in the clinic until it wakes up, and only then let it go home. If something goes wrong when you wake up, your veterinarian can help.

How does the dog behave after anesthesia? You should not expect that on the first day after castration, after moving away from anesthesia, a dog or a bitch will behave in the same way as before the operation. You do not need to worry if the following symptoms are observed in the dog on the first day after anesthesia:

  • weakness, lethargy;
  • drowsiness;
  • lack of appetite.

For a dog after sterilization, etc., this condition is normal. In the first few hours, the dog experiences dizziness, vomits, it does not eat. this is how the pet moves away from medication sleep. The male (female) cannot walk or walks with difficulty, dragging his legs, falls on his side. The body temperature drops, so the animal shivers. The owner must provide the pet with complete peace and comfort.

Features of the dog’s behavior in the postoperative period

How does the animal behave during rehabilitation? The pet’s behavior is changing dramatically. A dog with an active character becomes lethargic, sleepy, refuses to play and walk. If it is difficult for her to go outside, even to satisfy her natural needs, then the toilet should be temporarily organized at home. Small breeds can be carried by hand to the feeding area and tray.

As the stitches heal, behavior may change again. Since the operation site itches and itches, the dog becomes irritable, restless, and strives to scratch the stomach. Sedatives and antihistamines will help pacify the animal. If the damaged area hurts, then even the calmest dog can become aggressive, growl and bite in response to attempts to touch him.

How to feed your dog, how many times a day and how much?

It is forbidden to feed the dog on the first postoperative day. The animal will not be able to eat due to lack of appetite and nausea, and vomiting opens from food. After the pet starts to get up and move slowly, it is allowed to give him water. Since it is difficult to drink from a bowl, the liquid is drawn into a syringe without a needle and gently poured over the cheek.

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For the next week, the animal should be on a diet. Allowed:

  • wet food;
  • dry food previously soaked in water or broth;
  • vegetable and meat broths.

The amount of portions should be less than usual by 10-15% to prevent weight gain, because the dog does not move much during the rehabilitation period. It is forbidden to give foods that can cause constipation, bowel movements for the animal at this time are quite painful.

Rehabilitation and caring for a dog after abdominal surgery (castration, sterilization, etc.)

If the operation was difficult, accompanied by complications, the condition of the animal is unsatisfactory, then the dog can be left under observation in the hospital. However, most often the pet is immediately discharged home, and the care of it falls on the shoulders of the owners. What are the recovery procedures for a dog after castration, etc., and how to care for it?

Do I need to process the seams and how to do it?

For “girls” sterilization (or castration) is a full-fledged operation, the wound on the abdomen heals for a long time. The doctor should explain to the owner in detail how to process the seam so that it does not come apart, become inflamed and fester, how many times a day this should be done. Usually, the procedure is performed once a day before removing the stitches.

Depending on the pain threshold, the treatment may require the use of a local anesthetic. You can determine how painful the procedure will be by the behavior of the dog. If the animal whines, does not allow touching the stomach, growls or tries to bite, then pain relievers will be required. Processing is carried out using antiseptic agents, which are prescribed by a veterinarian:

Features of the recovery period after fractures and joint operations

How is the rehabilitation period after limb fractures and knee surgery? The duration of recovery depends on the severity of the injury. After cracks, minor fractures, sprains, you can walk with the dog as early as 4–5 days after discharge. Injuries to the hip or knee joint take much longer to heal. The animal should be massaged, engaged in physiotherapy exercises. To reduce the load, they buy a special stroller.

The injured limb is fixed with a rigid bandage that supports the ligaments and prevents the displacement of broken bones. At the time of the dog, you should limit any types of physical activity, including daily walks.

Recovery period of the dog after castration, sterilization and other operations, care in the postoperative period

Castration and sterilization are planned operations that are shown to pets whose owners are not going to receive offspring from them. Unfortunately, this is not the only type of surgery that may be needed. Diseases of internal organs, injuries. all this sometimes requires an immediate abdominal operation. Your dog needs special care after neutering or other surgery.

Neutering dogs

Anna Lisnenko, veterinarian, dog handler

Discharge in a dog after sterilization

It happens that a dog has discharge from the loop after sterilization. If your pet has bloody discharge, this is a reason to immediately contact your veterinarian.

What is dog neutering

Neutering of dogs is an operation involving the removal of reproductive organs (ovaries and uterus), which leads to a loss of attraction to the opposite sex. After sterilization, the dog completely loses its ability to reproduce.

The dog has swollen mammary glands after sterilization

Sometimes owners ask what to do if the dog’s mammary glands are swollen after spaying. This could be a sign of developing mastitis. So if you notice this in your dog, you should immediately contact the veterinarian. Do not self-medicate under any circumstances.!

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Dog after sterilization: care

Taking proper care of your dog after spaying is important. Competent actions of the owner will speed up the pet’s recovery after surgery. First of all, you should follow all the instructions of the vet.

The first day is the most critical: in the first 24 hours after sterilization, the dog comes out of anesthesia, so you need to stay close to it and carefully monitor its condition. It’s important to pay attention to breathing and heart rate.

In what cases it is necessary to urgently contact a veterinarian:

  • Irregular, intermittent, heavy breathing with an open mouth.
  • Hurgling, squelching, or wheezing in the dog’s chest.
  • Body temperature below or above normal. The norm is considered to be a decrease in temperature by no more than 0.5 degrees and an increase in temperature to 1 degree in the first 2 days after anesthesia. Normal body temperature in a dog is 37.5. 39 degrees.
  • Infrequent or, conversely, an intermittent heartbeat.
  • Pale or bluish mucous membranes.
  • Minor tremors that do not stop within 30 minutes or develop into seizures.

An important part of caring for a dog after surgery is stitching after sterilization.

Immediately after the sterilization operation, the dog will be treated with stitches and put on a postoperative blanket, so on the first day you will not need to worry about it. But after 24 hours, you need to process the seams.

It is important to follow the veterinarian’s recommendations, as the treatment of sutures after spaying a dog depends on the method of application and the suture material. If the veterinarian says that you do not need to process the suture after spaying the dog, but you see that the wound does not heal for a long time or becomes inflamed (you can see discharge, rash, swelling or redness), seek a second consultation.

Normally, the seam should be dry, without sores, crusts or scratching and other signs of an inflammatory process. The condition of the seam should improve every day.

Caring for a dog after spaying includes wearing a postoperative blanket that protects the seam from mechanical damage and bacteria. Remember that one blanket may not be enough. it gets wet and dirty quickly. Therefore, it is advisable to change the postoperative blanket for the dog daily. During the processing of the postoperative stitches, you do not need to remove the blanket from the dog: just untie a few ribbons and slide it to the side.

Caring for a dog after spaying also involves restraining the animal in movement so that the stitches do not burst or stretch. Calm walks without contact with other dogs, running or jumping are preferred. If it is difficult for a dog to climb and climb stairs, take it for a walk, but be careful: lifting or placing the pet on the ground incorrectly can damage the seam.

Do not bathe your dog for 3 weeks after surgery.

On the

When can you spay your dog?

You can neuter your dog at any time of the year. You can neuter the dog in the heat if you have the opportunity to keep the dog in a cool room during the postoperative period.

How long does it take for a dog to be sterilized?

Neutering, or oophorectomy, is a standard procedure in which the ovaries and sometimes the uterus are removed from females and testes from males.

In males, sterilization is also known as castration.

This is a very common, routine operation, although in some cases, if the testes in the dog have not descended, it can become a little more serious. If your dog’s testes have not descended by the age of 6-12 months, then sterilization can only be carried out through an operation on the abdominal cavity (as is done in the case of female sterilization).

Female sterilization surgery is often referred to as ovariectomy.

Keep in mind that this surgery is more serious and invasive than castration and is performed by an incision in the abdomen. You can request that the operation be performed with minimal surgical intervention, which will reduce the duration of postoperative recovery; however, keep in mind that this type of surgery is usually more expensive than the standard procedure.

Remember: neutering will prevent a range of health problems for your pet, as well as relieve you of unnecessary worries.

If you are thinking about neutering your dog, then consult an experienced veterinarian as soon as possible. he will certainly answer all your questions: for example, about the most common side effects of the operation or the cost of this procedure.

The sterilization operation, or oophorectomy of the dog, is simple. your pet will be given a strong pain reliever so that he will not feel any discomfort during the procedure.

Keep in mind: you can ask your dog to have their ovaries removed with minimal surgery. This is a less serious operation that only involves removal of the ovaries, which means that pain during the procedure and the duration of postoperative recovery will be negligible.

After surgery, your veterinarian will give your pet another pain-relieving injection that can significantly alleviate the postoperative discomfort your four-legged friend is experiencing. In addition, your veterinarian will also prescribe pain relievers and anti-inflammatories to help you take care of your pet’s health at home.

Male castration procedures are not as complex or invasive as females, so they only need medication for one day after surgery. At the same time, females need drug treatment within three days after surgery for a speedy and painless recovery.

There are several reasons for performing a sterilization operation, the most important of which are the following: to reduce the risk of sexually transmitted diseases, and to improve the overall behavior of your four-legged friend. Be aware that the benefits of spaying varies depending on your pet’s gender.

  • Reducing the risk of developing breast (breast) cancer.
  • Preventing uterine and ovarian cancer and other life-threatening intrauterine infections for your pet.
  • Eliminating the risk of unplanned pregnancy.
  • Preventing testicular cancer and reducing the risk of prostate cancer and other infections.
  • Minimizing the risk of tumors and hernias in the lower abdomen common in older non-castrated dogs.
  • Reducing your pet’s natural aggressiveness and pugnaciousness.
  • Reduced desire of the male to go far from home in search of the female.

An overall improvement in your pet’s behavior, reducing its desire to mark its own territory and mimic mating with objects or your foot.

Your pet can reach puberty around 6-7 months of age, but this may vary slightly depending on the breed. Therefore, in order to avoid unwanted pregnancy, it is recommended to neuter the dog as early as possible.

According to some veterinarians, spaying your dog after the first heat is the best option. However, keep in mind that this is highly unreliable as dogs can only be spayed three months after estrus ends, which means that you will have to constantly monitor your pet during this period.

The older the dog is, the less obvious the benefits of neutering. Therefore, if possible, it is recommended to carry out this procedure at the earliest age.

To sterilize your pet, make an appointment with an experienced veterinarian and, if necessary, conduct a preliminary test of your pet for tolerance of certain pain medications.

Your veterinarian will ask you not to feed your dog the night before your surgery. Your pet can safely drink water, but in the morning it is better to completely limit its consumption.

Most likely, the sterilization operation will be performed in the morning, and in the evening on the same day you can take your pet home.

If you are short of funds to neuter your pet, contact your local pet welfare charity for help. Many of these centers offer different financing schemes for sterilization operations.

Your dog will be a little sleepy after the surgery, but don’t worry. very soon it will be energetic and cheerful again! Since the complexity and invasiveness of the procedure varies depending on the gender of your pet, the speed of the postoperative recovery process will also vary. Below are some tips to help you and your pet get through the recovery period more easily.