home Dogs How long does it take for a dog to be sterilized?

How long does it take for a dog to be sterilized?

When are dogs given anesthesia?

In veterinary medicine, anesthesia is performed in quite a few cases, since dogs are restless patients, and sometimes even dangerous for the doctor. Anesthesia for dogs is done in the following situations:

Anesthesia for dogs. How much and how does the dog leave after anesthesia

long-term surgical interventions: all abdominal operations, most operations on the extremities;

  • many diagnostic and cosmetic procedures;
  • any medical intervention in cases where the dog is too large and there is no possibility of its reliable fixation;
  • various manipulations and even examination of very aggressive animals;
  • in cases where the animal may experience too much stress from the actions carried out.
  • Many very different agents are used for anesthesia. They are classified according to the route of administration into intravenous, intramuscular, inhalation and local.

    Intravenous anesthesia is most commonly used because it allows the anesthesiologist to control the depth of anesthesia for operations of varying duration. Although in some severe conditions of the animal, only inhalation anesthesia is possible.

    How much and how does the dog recover from anesthesia?

    It is not uncommon for dog owners to hear from a veterinarian about the need for anesthesia for their sick and even healthy pet. However, not everyone is aware of the features of this procedure.

    Some are overly scared and even refuse veterinary care, while others are too frivolous about this difficult procedure. Anesthesia is a condition of the body in which an animal loses sensitivity of any kind.

    Dog after anesthesia: possible complications

    Anesthesia for dogs. How much and how does the dog leave after anesthesia

    The veterinarian must take permission from the owner of the animal to use anesthesia and warn about possible complications. Firstly, each organism is individual and it is difficult to fully predict the reaction to the administration of drugs. The most common complications that can occur are:

    • delayed awakening;
    • oppression of heartbeat and respiration (a particular risk arises with pathology of the respiratory and cardiovascular systems, as well as congenital anomalies;
    • strong drop in temperature
    • An allergic reaction to the injected drug is also possible.

    Postoperative stroke and pulmonary edema can be named as more distant consequences of anesthesia. High-quality diagnostics allows to reduce the risk of undesirable consequences to a minimum.

    Anesthesia drugs

    Rometar is widely used for animal anesthesia. It is an adenoblocker that blocks pain sensitivity but does not induce deep sleep. Propofol has a similar effect. Dityline and ketamine are also commonly used in surgery. The latter causes hallucinogenic sleep, which can badly affect the psyche of the animal.

    Modern anti-sedan and domitor products are equipped with a specific antagonist for quick relief from anesthesia. For short-term procedures, propofol (deprivan) is often used, after which the animal is quickly able to stand up. Oxymorphone is used for procedures such as biopsy or premedication.

    Preparing dogs for anesthesia

    If an operation is necessary, the animal is examined:

    • a blood test is done,
    • ECG,
    • according to indications, X-ray and ultrasound are possible.

    Also, depending on the patient’s condition, therapeutic measures are carried out, the task of which is to reduce the risk from anesthesia. They can take minutes or weeks. Preparation is also required from the owner of the animal. The dog should not be fed less than 12 hours before surgery.

    How long does it take for a dog to recover from anesthesia??

    Everything is quite individual. In the case of intravenous anesthesia, the dog will recover from the anesthesia within 24 hours. It can be 6 hours and 20. But you should know that it is allowed to give your pet a drink 5-6 hours after the dog comes out of anesthesia. You can eat in 10-11 hours.

    Before the dog recovers from the anesthesia, you can moisten his tongue with water.

    Seam processing

    After sterilization, the seam is treated with antiseptic or antibacterial agents in the form of powder, aerosol, solution or ointment (Alamycin, Aluminum, Baimicin, Migstim, Monclamit-1, Chlorhexidine, etc.).

    Postoperative wounds are treated 2-3 times a day for 7-10 days. With laparoscopic sterilization, there is no need for an antiseptic procedure.

    The seam should look clean and dry. At the first signs of inflammation and separation of purulent exudate from the wound, it is necessary to see a doctor.

    During the entire period of tissue regeneration, it is prohibited to wash the dog. In the first 3 weeks after castration, the animal should also not swim in ponds.

    Wearing a blanket and collar

    During the recovery period of the dog after sterilization, wearing a blanket is shown. Postoperative clothing prevents the formation of hernias in the area of ​​the surgical wound and suture dehiscence. The blanket is changed once a day.

    During the processing of the seams, the bandage is not completely removed. If the pet is constantly trying to get rid of clothes, they wear an Elizabethan collar.

    Pet owners need to be prepared that in such a structure the animal can demolish things that come across it on the move and damage property. However, if the dog is constantly trying to remove the blanket, the collar will need to be worn until healing or removal of the stitches within 10-14 days.

    Dog after castration (sterilization): care and behavior during the rehabilitation period

    A dog after castration or neutering requires increased attention to itself. Taking proper care of your pet will reduce the risk of health problems after surgery. The dog owner should also know what changes in the dog’s behavior he will have to face, and what to do in this case.

    Before neutering, it is recommended that you ask your veterinarian in detail about how to care for your pet during the rehabilitation period.

    Dog behavior after castration

    Males tolerate castration better and recover faster. This is due to the specifics of the operation. In a bitch, the rehabilitation period takes up to two weeks, during which the pet requires special care.

    In the first hours after castration, the animal often freezes and trembles. There is no need to worry: the pet is moving away from anesthesia, all life processes under the influence of medication are inhibited, and the body temperature drops.

    The dog should be covered with a warm blanket and protected from drafts. Otherwise, the pet may catch a cold and get pneumonia.

    On the first day after surgery, the dog or bitch sometimes has urinary incontinence. The animal begins to compose itself involuntarily. He is put on diapers, changing them as needed.

    In the postoperative period, the dog usually does not eat, and may not touch food for more than a day. This is normal. A cause for concern is if the animal refuses to eat for 3 days or more.

    Anesthesia affects the mental state of the bitch and the behavior of the dog after castration. When the dog moves away from the effects of anesthesia, it can begin to whine, huddle in a corner, show fear of people or aggression. After coming out of anesthesia (after a day), the behavior changes to the previous one.

    After sterilization or castration, the animal sometimes has no urination at all for the first 12 hours. Before surgery, the dog is completely emptied of the bladder, so it does not pee for a long time.

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    If a day after sterilization the pet cannot get away from anesthesia, breathes heavily and often, looks depressed, does not react well to external stimuli or has an increased heart rate, you should immediately contact your veterinarian.

    Walking

    In the first 2-3 days after castration, the bitch or dog is provided with complete rest. Walking is carried out only for going to the toilet.

    It is recommended to wear diapers for walking on the dog to eliminate the risk of infection in the postoperative wound.

    Drugs

    In the first days after castration, the dog experiences severe pain. Because of this, she begins to whine, growl, behave restlessly.

    To relieve anesthesia and relieve inflammation, the animal is prescribed tablets Previkox, Norocarp, Rimadil, etc.

    To prevent the development of genitourinary infections, the veterinarian prescribes antibiotics (Oflosan or its analogues). Antibiotic therapy course. 5 days.

    Your doctor may also prescribe antihistamines to relieve swelling.

    Feeding

    In the postoperative period, a castrated dog or bitch should have free access to water. A small amount of liquid can be injected into the mouth with a syringe without a needle if the pet does not drink on its own.

    You can feed the dog no earlier than 10 hours after the surgery. Food is served semi-liquid or pureed.

    For feeding during the rehabilitation period, baby puree with meat and vegetables, fermented milk products (kefir, fermented baked milk) are suitable. If the animal refuses to eat, you cannot force feed it.

    After 1-2 days, the pet will be able to eat on its own. It is recommended to transfer the sterilized bitch or dog to specialized food for neutered dogs or a diet for animals prone to overweight.

    Caring for a dog after castration

    During the rehabilitation period after castration, the dog is prescribed painkillers and antibiotics, treated with stitches, and adjusted nutrition.

    The main task of the owner is to help the animal recover faster after the operation, observing all the instructions of the veterinarian.

    Drugs used for anesthesia

    The choice of the drug depends on the complexity and timing of the procedure, the operation and the individual characteristics of the dog. In the past, anesthesiologists used medications that had “severe” side effects. Modern drugs are softer and safer:

    • For inhalation anesthesia use “Xenon”, “Isoflurane”, “Sevoflurane”.
    • For a strong analgesic effect, intravenous anesthesia is administered. This is “Butorphanol”, “Domitor”.
    • Intravenous drugs of weak and short-term action. “Doprivan”, “Propofol”. They provide quick awakening and “mild”, short-lived side effects.

    When is anesthesia applied to dogs

    Anesthesia is an artificially induced, reversible condition characterized by the following symptoms:

    • loss of consciousness, artificial sleep, amnesia occurs;
    • muscles relax, natural reflexes are completely or partially turned off, the dog is immobilized;
    • nerve endings do not perceive pain, complete pain relief of the animal’s body occurs.

    Indications for the use of general anesthesia for dogs:

    • Carrying out abdominal operations.
    • Operations on the limbs, head.
    • Docking ears, tail.
    • Castration.
    • X-ray.
    • Taking analysis for histology.
    • Endoscopic examination.
    • Tooth treatment, dental calculus cleaning.
    • The animal is or may be aggressive.
    • Inability to fix the desired body position when the animal is conscious.

    Anesthesia can be intravenous, intramuscular, or inhalation. The type of anesthesia is prescribed by the doctor depending on the complexity, duration of surgery or manipulation, health status, weight, age of the dog.

    Important! Before the introduction of anesthesia, the veterinarian examines the dog: blood test, assessment of the state of the heart, lungs, ultrasound of internal organs, MRI. The owner is warned of possible risks and complications. He gives written consent to the operation and other necessary manipulations.

    What to do during the recovery phase

    The recovery phase of a dog after surgery can last from 10 days to 2 months. Its duration depends on the complexity of the operation, age, and immunity of the animal. When the pet comes to its senses, all the care of it falls on the shoulders of the owner. The attending physician must give advice on care during the recovery period.

    Important! For a sick dog, the owner must carefully look after, showing care, affection. This will speed up her recovery.

    General rules of care during the recovery period:

    • Provide the pet with absolute rest on a soft bedding, no drafts. The first day after anesthesia, the dog usually lies, does not get up.
    • The first 6-7 hours the animal is not allowed to drink, but only moisten its lips. Then you can put a bowl of water next to it or drink from a syringe with the needle removed.
    • You cannot feed your pet for 12-24 hours after the operation. Then you can give light food: broths, soaked dry food, wet food. Servings should be slightly smaller than usual.
    • If a dog is trembling after anesthesia, it has small tremors and cold paws, it should be covered with a blanket, a warm blanket.
    • Measure the temperature twice a day: in the morning and in the evening. On the second day, she should return to normal. from 37.5 to 39.4 degrees.
    • Clean up after the dog if it goes to the toilet. The first days of walking on the street are prohibited.
    • Pain relief so that she can recover from anesthesia faster, sleep more.
    • After removal of the uterus, sterilization or other abdominal operations, a blanket or bandage is put on the dog, protecting the surgical suture from infection, discrepancies. The seam is treated with antiseptics, and the bandage is changed daily to sterile.

    How long does a dog recover from anesthesia after surgery?

    A dog’s recovery from anesthesia is an important moment when the animal’s condition must be monitored by an anesthesiologist or veterinarian in a hospital setting. The safest in terms of possible control and minor complications are inhalation and intravenous anesthesia. Intramuscular anesthesia is difficult to control. It has many side effects. Therefore, a competent veterinarian rarely uses it.

    The effect of inhalation anesthesia continues as long as the dog inhales the gas mixture. She quickly falls asleep and wakes up within a few minutes after the drug stops acting. It is often combined with the administration of analgesics.

    With intravenous anesthesia, the animal falls asleep within a minute. The validity period depends on the amount of the drug injected. To bring her to consciousness earlier, special preparations are introduced for awakening and recovery.

    Important! The speed of the dog’s recovery after anesthesia depends on the state of its health, the complexity of the operation. This can take from a few minutes to several hours.

    The first day after surgery: recovery from anesthesia

    This period is very important for your pet’s health. Recovery time depends on the individual characteristics of the animal. It is important to know how dogs recover from anesthesia. It can take from 2-3 hours to a day before the pet comes to its senses.

    Ideally, all this time the dog should be in an inpatient clinic under the supervision of an experienced veterinarian. In reality, the animal is given into the hands of the owner almost as a paste after awakening. He has to see and worry about his pet if side symptoms arise:

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    Spay/Neuter Patient Care: Patient Prep. Canine

    • Dizziness, staggering gait, whining.
    • The dog does not stand up, jerks its paws, falls on its side, cannot walk.
    • Lack of appetite, reaction to a nickname.
    • Vomiting occurs.
    • The dog is shaking after anesthesia.
    • Fear, fear of people, aggression appear.

    All of the above symptoms are considered normal if they last no more than a day after surgery. During this period, the pet must be provided with peace, periodically moisten the lips with water. If these symptoms continue for more than a day, then you should immediately seek veterinary help.

    What should alert the owner

    How the dog behaves after anesthesia indicates how easy the recovery period is for it. The owner should be alerted to the following points:

    • The dog is breathing heavily after anesthesia, wheezing, coughing. Complication can occur if the pet has problems with the respiratory and cardiovascular system.
    • Irritation, allergy, edema developed at the surgery site. It may be necessary to replace the antiseptic, medications, prescribe antihistamines.
    • Constipation, lack of urination for 2-3 days after surgery. The pet needs to be urgently shown to the veterinarian, to change the feeding.
    • The dog vomits after anesthesia for several days.

    Dog after anesthesia: how much and how it departs

    Anesthesia is used in the practice of a veterinarian quite often and not only during operations. Being in a state of excitement, the dog can behave aggressively with the doctor or owner, refuse to follow his commands. To exclude such behavior during various medical procedures, general anesthesia is used.

    When you need an urgent visit to the veterinarian

    Despite excellent home care, complications in the postoperative period are possible. Ignoring some of the symptoms can lead to serious consequences or death for the pet. Here are the main ones:

    • high body temperature on the 2nd day after surgery;
    • suppuration or divergence of the surgical suture;
    • bleeding;
    • weak, intermittent breathing;
    • clouding of consciousness, cyanosis of the mucous membranes;
    • wheezing, coughing, shortness of breath.

    Important! For any suspicious symptoms in order to preserve the life and health of the pet, you should immediately contact the veterinary clinic.

    Alternative methods of castration

    What to feed a neutered dog?

    Caring for a cat after anesthesia

    What to do during the recovery phase

    Feeding castrated males

    For a male, castration plays a greater role in changing hormonal levels than sterilization for bitches. In addition to a decrease in testosterone levels, the dog has a gradual decrease in the level of thyroid hormones, a change in the quality of the coat (it becomes “cotton”, puppy, or symmetrical foci of baldness are formed on the body). The dog moves a little, loses interest in walks and the world around him, gets fat

    It is especially important for a dog to choose a food on which he will feel energetic.

    Dry food lines for neutered males include foods that contain highly digestible proteins to help them satiate quickly. In addition, for pets over five years old, there are varieties of food that accelerate metabolism, containing components that protect against urolithiasis. Even if the feed contains substances that prevent the formation of stones in the bladder, it is advisable for a male dog to additionally include liquid food in the form of fermented milk products in the diet.

    Raw meat is the basis of natural nutrition.

    Food in the form of natural products for a castrated male should also contain the maximum amount of fresh meat, fermented milk products, fresh vegetables and fruits. Raw meat can be mixed with liquid oatmeal, add a little vegetable oil, grated carrots.

    If the owner chooses to neuter or neuter his pet, he must provide him with a normal, healthy diet, taking into account the changing needs of the dog. In addition to high-quality food, the animal should receive daily vitamin supplements and walk a lot, since active movements can speed up metabolism.

    The first day after surgery: recovery from anesthesia

    This period is very important for your pet’s health. Recovery time depends on the individual characteristics of the animal.

    It is important to know how dogs recover from anesthesia. It can take from 2-3 hours to a day before the pet comes to its senses

    Ideally, all this time the dog should be in an inpatient clinic under the supervision of an experienced veterinarian. In reality, the animal is given into the hands of the owner almost as a rhinestone after awakening. He has to see and worry about his pet if side symptoms arise:

    • Dizziness, staggering gait, whining.
    • The dog does not stand up, jerks its paws, falls on its side, cannot walk.
    • Lack of appetite, reaction to a nickname.
    • Vomiting occurs.
    • The dog is shaking after anesthesia.
    • Fear, fear of people, aggression appear.

    All of the above symptoms are considered normal if they last no more than a day after surgery. During this period, the pet must be provided with peace, periodically moisten the lips with water. If these symptoms continue for more than a day, then you should immediately seek veterinary help.

    Drugs used for anesthesia

    Depending on the amount of drugs administered, anesthesia is classified into:

    • Mononarcosis with a single substance.
    • Mixed type. when using two or more components.
    • Combined means the use of different funds at different stages.

    Among the drugs, the use is popular:

    • Propofol (pofola, diprivan) for short-term operations and small manipulations. The medicine works instantly, followed by a quick awakening.
    • Domitora (medetomidine, zoletila) for deep sleep and severe insensitivity.
    • Butorphanol for long-term and strong pain relief.

    Attention! When carrying out a long and complex operation, it is worth using a combination of drugs. Domitor is one of the most effective drugs for deep sleep

    Domitor is one of the most effective drugs for deep sleep

    What are veterinarians silent about? Complications during and after surgery, long-term consequences

    The bitch is sterilized under general anesthesia, during which complications may occur. The animal departs from the action of anesthesia from 12 to 24 hours.

    After spaying, the dog needs additional care. For two weeks after the operation, the pet must wear a blanket so as not to lick the stitches. The surgical suture should be treated with antiseptic drugs. The pet needs peace, it needs to be protected from physical exertion and games.

    The outcome of the operation largely depends on the professionalism of the surgeon. Both during the operation and after it, you can face a number of problems. To exclude the possibility of their appearance, it is necessary to carefully examine the pet before sterilization:

    • Conduct ECHO and ECG of the heart;
    • Pass a general and biochemical blood test.

    These types of examinations will help to identify hidden pathologies of the cardiovascular system and internal organs in the dog.

    Should you neuter your dog??

    We tell you what awaits your pet after the operation.

    At what age are dogs spayed?

    Veterinarians have different opinions on this matter. Some recommend spaying the dog before the first heat, others after the first heat. Most experts do not recommend surgery before 4 months of age. This is due to the fact that the internal organs of the animal are still underdeveloped.

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    It is also not recommended to operate a pet after 6-7 years. Due to the fact that older animals do not tolerate anesthesia.

    Post Surgical Pet Care at Home

    The ability to have offspring again

    The use of KontrSex Neo is especially important for dogs intended for breeding. 3 months after the drug was discontinued, the animal’s reproductive function is restored. The pet will be able to have healthy offspring.

    KontrSex Neo. a drug for solving problems associated with sexual activity in dogs

    Peace of mind in the house, health and safety of their pet are important for every owner. Choose a humane alternative to spaying your dog. use of the drug for regulation of sexual heat CounterSex Neo.

    Neo Countersex is the choice of experienced breeders and dog owners.

    No surgery

    The use of KontrSex Neo allows you to humanely and effectively correct the dog’s behavior and solve the problem of unwanted pregnancy without resorting to sterilization surgery.

    Neutering the dog. Why is the operation needed?

    Spaying a dog is a surgical procedure that will prevent your pet from having offspring. Before the operation, dog owners have reasonable doubts about whether the pet really needs sterilization.?

    On the one hand, the operation can help get rid of problems associated with sexual activity, and on the other hand, it poses a danger to the health of the pet.

    Do postoperative complications necessarily develop in dogs??

    No, not necessarily, everything is individual and depends on many external and internal factors. It is important to adhere to your veterinarian’s post-operative care recommendations to minimize risks.

    What you need to do:

    • Strictly monitor your diet for life, minimizing the risks of obesity. After sterilization, metabolism changes greatly, so many of the usual high-calorie delicacies and on-demand feeding will have to be canceled. Not only the caloric content of feed is reduced, but also the frequency of feeding, and the size of the portion eaten at a time. For convenience, you can transfer the dog to food for sterilized individuals.
    • Monitor your overall health, excluding the development of various internal diseases and minimizing the risks of infection with various parasites (fleas, ticks, worms). Weakened by the operation, the body is hard to tolerate diseases and is difficult to react to parasites.
    • Monitor the condition of the seam and blankets.
    • Give plenty to drink.
    • Go out as usual for short walks.
    • Pick up small individuals without sudden movements and pressure on the abdomen.

    The nuances of postoperative care

    Spray Terramycin

    Preparing your dog for surgery

    It is usually advisable to sign up for routine sterilization first. By phone, you can find out whether you will need to bring something with you (for example, a veterinary passport or other documents) and whether it will be possible to leave the dog after the operation for some time in the clinic so that it is under the supervision of a specialist when it comes out of anesthesia.

    • Before the operation, the dog should not be fed for 12 hours. You should drink no later than 4 hours in advance. The fact is that after the introduction of sedatives (anesthesia), most animals experience vomiting and the dog can simply swell with vomit.
    • It is possible and necessary to walk before the operation, but you should not allow excessive loads. It is enough to wait for the dog to just do all the “business”.
    • It is undesirable to carry out sterilization during estrus, because during this period, the dog’s uterus is supplied with blood more intensively, the vessels approaching the uterus are filled with blood. Damage to the vessel during the operation is fraught with excessive blood loss in the animal. Therefore, before going to a planned operation, the owner should make sure whether the dog is in heat or not.

    Every dog ​​owner should understand that anesthesia is the introduction of sedative and narcotic medications that can cause an allergic reaction in an animal, regardless of health and age. To reduce the risk of such a reaction, in many clinics, immediately before the operation, the dog is prepared with special drugs (premedication). However, owners must be informed of all the consequences and potential reactions to anesthesia.!

    Levomekol ointment

    6-7 days

    The dog practically does not pay attention to the blanket, is active, with good appetite and adequate thirst, runs, jumps a little, sleeps in its sleeping place or favorite place. There is no pain anymore, all physiological needs are coped naturally and in the usual way, without attracting special attention of the owner.

    Externally, the postoperative wound is the same color as the skin of the abdomen, wool begins to grow back, the process of scarring is visible. There should be no redness, discharge, swelling, etc.

    The sutures are not removed yet, it is still kept for 10-14 days, depending on the suture material. Dogs are very mobile animals, the risks of divergence of the seams on the skin still persist.

    Assessing the condition of the seam

    Normally, with good healing a few days after the operation, the suture:

    • dry;
    • skin without redness;
    • swelling gradually disappears (except for dogs with thick skin (Shar Pei, Chow-Chow, pugs, bulldogs) or overweight);
    • after 7 days, the wound gradually heals, and the skin becomes whole.

    A poorly healing suture can be caused by infection or suture rejection.

    • Outflows are observed from the seam (possibly purulent in nature);
    • the seam area is hot;
    • the treatment hurts the dog;
    • the suture is swollen, red;
    • the edges of the wound may diverge.

    In severe cases, re-suturing may be required (the dog is likely to be anesthetized again, but not as deep). The edges of the wound are excised for better healing, treated with antiseptic solutions and sutured again (in case of rejection).