What is socialization for?
Without socialization, the dog will not be able to get used to new conditions, animals and people. This is not just the process of contacting the dog with other creatures. This includes habits that will help him respond appropriately to various minimal stimuli. In the city, it can be the noise of cars, the screams of children, etc. This also includes the reaction to people, dogs, cats, other animals that do not pose a danger to the dog.
Socialization is a very important skill that needs to be taught from early childhood. Otherwise, the dog will twitch from every rustle, sound, stranger and show strong aggression. This negatively affects everyone, primarily the nervous system of the pet itself.
Why you shouldn’t punish animals
This affects both the dog and the owner badly. During the adaptation period, any unpleasant moment becomes many times more difficult for the psyche of the dog. You can make her even more frightened. Plus, you should not react negatively to the unexpected reaction of another pet. Not the fact that from the first day they will be glad to each other. It’s okay, the main thing is to be patient and kind to them.
Also, do not scold one dog in front of another or in front of a cat / other animal. This depresses their authority in the pack (only such an organization is acceptable for them) and makes them think that the owner does not love them. Or loves less than other residents of the house.
Features of the psychological adaptation of a puppy in the house
The adaptation of a puppy to a new home can take place in different ways. This is influenced by the attitude towards him in the previous place, the quality of the new conditions and the attitude of the new owner.
Puppy First Day Home Tips. Professional Dog Training Tips
You need to take a closer look at the behavior of a puppy even when meeting with animals from a breeder. If the puppies immediately run away from a stranger, hide, do not make contact, then this is a bad signal. Most likely, they are not cared for properly and this is not about feeding. In this case, the addiction will take many times longer and more difficult.
The first days of a puppy in a new home
The first few days will be stressful for the pet and owners, so you need to know how to help your puppy adapt to the new home. Particularly fearful can hide behind furniture, dirty, cause inconvenience. For example, spoil the sofa or relieve themselves in the wrong place. Sometimes the puppy may refuse food and water.
The main thing in these few days is to be patient and try to show that the new place of residence is safe. To do this, always leave fresh water and food indoors so that the puppy has 24/7 access to it. It is also not recommended to make a lot of noise, so as not to scare the dog even more.
You need to try to find an approach to the puppy. Get him a couple of toys and try to play with him or at least pet him. If the dog does not really want this for the first day or two, then you should not forcefully impose.
Adaptation of the dog to a new place and getting used to a new owner
New owners, new habitat and lifestyle can provoke stress in any animal, and the dog is no exception. This is a social animal and very attached to the owner, so any changes are difficult for him. Especially if the pet has lived in the previous place for a long time and is used to everything. The main task of the owner is to responsibly approach the adaptation process and try to reduce the stress level for the animal in all possible ways.
Stages of adaptation of a dog from a shelter to a new family
It is impossible to answer the question exactly how long it takes a dog to get used to a new owner. The owners will have to invest a lot of time and effort to make this period go smoothly. Usually dogs end up in shelters because of the neglect and brutality of people. Such experiences leave a mark on behavior for life. Therefore, winning the trust and love of an animal is not easy.
It is better not to expect something grandiose from the dog right away, that it will immediately throw itself on its neck in joy. This is highly unlikely. Otherwise, there is a risk of disappointment and return the dog back.
The first two days are usually pretty hard. The animal does not understand where it was taken, what is wanted from it. Refusal of food and water is possible. Better not to be overprotective. Sometimes, on the contrary, it provokes a protective reflex. It is worth giving time to adapt to new conditions and exploration of the territory.
Behavior may change towards the end of the week. There is a greater interest in new housing and new owners. During this time, the level of concern can be demonstrated more without fear of the opposite reaction. During the first 2-3 weeks, it is impossible in any case to demonstrate aggression to the dog. Shouting, and even more so using physical measures, is absolutely contraindicated. Towards the end of the week, the dog can already be taken for walks, but always on a leash. If he refuses to go outside, do not force.
From love and care, the dog will not be able to hide his affection and mutual feelings for the owner.
How to train your puppy for a daily routine
During this period of their lives, dogs are overwhelmed with energy, which often causes inconvenience to owners at night. Then the dog can start waking others, howling, barking, asking to play.
Therefore, during the daytime, you need to ensure the puppy has the maximum expenditure of energy. For this, various games, training with a cynologist and even an ordinary walk are involved.
Also, along with the sleep regime, it is worth monitoring the diet. This is often what interferes with a normal night’s sleep. Do not overfeed at night, because of this, the puppy’s sleep becomes anxious and intermittent.
Avoid noise and guests
Try to get other family members to get to know the puppy one at a time. Explain to the children that they need to be calm so they don’t scare them. It is important to discuss with children how to handle the dog in order to avoid unpleasant situations.
In the early days, it is better not to invite friends to visit. New people are new sounds and smells that can stress your puppy.
If there is already a pet in the house
If you already have a cat or dog in your house, introduce them to the new tenant gradually.
How to introduce your puppy to another dog
In the early days, keep dogs separate and avoid sudden intersections. When dogs are not ready to meet, it can be stressful for both animals. First, dogs get to know each other through smells. You can bring something with a puppy scent to your dog even before the puppy arrives at the new home. this will reduce the stress on the pet. You can do the same with your dog’s item and bring it to the puppy so he knows the scent of your adult dog in advance.
It’s good if you can gradually introduce your pets while walking. To do this, you need an assistant. During walks, the dog and puppy are in neutral territory, this will reduce stress for both pets. Acquaintance should take place gradually. first, visual contact, then you can let the animals sniff each other, etc. Always watch your pets’ body language to prevent outbreaks of aggression or fights.
Observe the regimen
The mode helps the dog to feel confident and comfortable. When a dog has a daily routine, it becomes calmer. To get the puppy accustomed to the new home as soon as possible, introduce a regimen and gradually accustom the puppy to it. Mode means that
- you feed your puppy at the same time every day;
- walk the puppy at about the same time (for example, in the morning after sleep, after feedings, in the evening, etc.). Then the puppy will sooner learn to defecate on the street and endure before walking;
- the puppy has time for physical activity, i.e. you play with him and give him the opportunity to warm up while walking;
- you regularly take care of the puppy. comb the puppy, check for ticks after walks, wash if necessary, etc.
In addition, the puppy should have its own permanent place in the house. This can be a cage or bed in a quiet place where the puppy can sleep or just rest when he wants.
How to train your puppy to a new home?
Moving to a new home is stressful for the puppy. It will take time and patience to accustom your puppy to a new home. But you can speed up the adaptation process and help your puppy feel comfortable in your home sooner. The main rule is to do everything gradually.
Give your puppy attention
While the puppy is getting used to the new place, try to give it as much attention as possible. You should try to create an atmosphere in which the puppy will feel comfortable and confident. Here are some tips:
- keep an eye on your puppy even when he is in his safe area;
- play, talk to him;
- watch for signs that the puppy needs to go to the toilet (the puppy is worried, sniffing places where it could go to the toilet);
- do not scold the puppy if he has not endured to the street. puppies do not always know how to restrain themselves, they learn this gradually;
- praise the puppy for good behavior.
5 Big Tips When Bringing Home a New Dog
Minimize the stress of moving
Traveling by car or public transport is an exciting event in itself. Therefore, it is important to do two things: train the puppy in advance to carry it and think about the trip home.
Ask the breeder to put in your carrier a few days before the move. You can put something in the carrier that smells like your home, such as a blanket. So the puppy will not only get used to carrying, but also get acquainted with the smell of a new house.
A long ride will not only excite the puppy, but also tire it out. Therefore, take the shortest route home. Try to plan your trip for a time of day when there are fewer cars on the roads.
Teaching your cat to a new home
It is impossible to specify exactly how long it will take for a cat to feel comfortable in a new place. Some get used to it within a few days, while others take weeks or even months. It takes some patience to help a cat get used to it.
Once home, make your cat comfortable in the room, away from other pets. In due time, she will begin to explore new territory.
Try not to talk loudly or make sudden movements. Cats do not like noise and raised voices or moving to a new home. Do not take your cat in your arms against its will and do not force it to leave the shelter. It will scare her and she will not want to trust you again.
Once your cat is eating, drinking, and using the litter box, you’re halfway done. If she is so scared that she is afraid to approach you, sit quietly on the floor next to her and talk to her quietly. Sitting on the floor, you no longer seem like a giant to her, and she will most likely come up to you. Move the ribbon slowly in front of its hiding place, and maybe the cat will come out of it. And, most importantly, give her the opportunity to approach you herself. If you grab her abruptly, she will immediately run away for cover again.
As long as the cat does not feel completely safe to move around the room and not to flee every time you enter, you should not show her the rest of the house. But as soon as she grows bolder in the room and in your presence, open the door and give her the opportunity to explore new possessions on her own.
Meeting other pets
If you have other cats or dogs, do not immediately leave the new cat with them. Keep her in another room until she gets used to her new home, or set up a large cage in one of the rooms and place the cat there. Place the crate against the wall so that the cat can retreat to a safe place if they want to get to know her.
It is possible that the animals will hiss and growl at each other, and the fur will stand on end on both sides. This is completely normal, so don’t worry. After all, a stranger encroached on the property of your other pets, so this reaction is quite natural. After the noise dies down and the animals drop their tousled tails. it doesn’t matter if it takes 1-2 days or two or more weeks. open the cage door and let the cat out, but only under your supervision.
Do not leave her alone until you are completely sure that all your pets have found a common language.
Make sure your cat is used to the new environment before introducing her to other pets.
As soon as an adult cat gets used to its new home, it will give you its friendship for many years.
Keeping the cat at home or taking it outside?
Think about the relationship between you and your cat before deciding whether you will keep the cat at home or let her go for a walk. If you live near busy streets, you may need to keep your cat at home for its safety. Conversely, if you have a large yard or live on a farm, you can keep the cat at home and at the same time let her go for a walk.
The choice is yours, but there is a lot to consider before making any decision.
If your yard is fenced off, the cat may be happy to spend time outside, but keep in mind that she cannot feel completely safe there, as she may leave her yard, and other people’s cats may come to your yard. Dangers can lie in wait for your cat, starting with possible fights with neighboring cats or dogs, and ending with death under the wheels of a car.
Make sure your cat gets its annual vaccinations on time and has a dry, comfortable place to sleep. Check with your veterinarian about available flea precautions.
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