Persistent or increasing pain
The main sign by which you can recognize pain syndrome is a plaintive meow and constantly dilated pupils. The cat avoids touching the belly. The pain can be caused by a variety of reasons. It is not recommended to try to help a four-legged pet on your own by drowning it out with anesthetic drugs. It is wiser to find out why your pet has pain in the operated area and take appropriate action. If several days have passed since the operation, and the animal still experiences painful sensations, it is necessary to show it to the veterinarian.
Grooming a cat during the week, animal behavior
On the second day after surgery, the cat comes to life, but its behavior is still far from normal. She behaves cautiously, she may need to hide in dark places, so she needs to be constantly monitored. The animal is already starting to drink on its own, you can start feeding it in small portions.
On the third day, the pet begins to go to the toilet and be active. It is recommended to measure his body temperature 2 times. If the indicators deviate from the norm, you should contact your veterinarian. Anesthesia helps to slow down intestinal motility, so the cat’s bowel movement may be impaired. In the absence of a chair, it is necessary to give the four-legged pet a mild laxative, which is best agreed with the veterinarian.
On the fourth day after the operation, the animals usually already feel well, their behavior is adequate. On the fifth day in most cats, the swelling and redness of the skin around the seam subsides, it begins to heal. The pet returns to normal life. On the 6-7th day after sterilization, the activity of the animal is fully restored, a healthy appetite returns, and the processes of emptying the intestines and bladder are normalized.
The main rule of caring for a cat after surgery is not to let her lick the stitches. At the end of the procedure, blankets are put on the four-legged patients. Sutures should be started 2-3 days after the procedure. For processing, brilliant green, Chlorhexidine, Betadine, hydrogen peroxide, Levomekol are used. After finishing processing, you need to put on the blanket again.
Potential problems and complications
In some cases, surgical intervention is accompanied by complications that appear some time after it is performed. They can arise for various reasons: due to improper care of the animal, the state of its body and old age, the qualifications of the surgeon performing the operation, violation of the rules of asepsis and antiseptics, etc. Each cat owner should be aware of the risks of such a procedure.
Recovery of a cat after sterilization surgery and behavioral features: how many days and how does the rehabilitation take place?
During a sexual hunt, cats give their owners a lot of trouble. To avoid them, some owners of such pets decide to sterilize. After its completion, the recovery period begins. What should be the care for a cat after spaying? What is the normal course of the rehabilitation period? What complications may appear after this procedure?
Day of operation
After this manipulation, home care for a four-legged pet should be started immediately after returning home. First of all, you need to lay it on a horizontal low surface in a warm, dry room without drafts. It is strictly forbidden to put the animal on a sofa or bed. When he leaves anesthesia, the cat will try to get up, and since in this state she does not control her actions, it is highly likely that she will fall from a height and hit.
On the first day after the operation, the pet has no appetite, it is lethargic and sleepy, and has poor control over its body. In this case, hallucinations and disorientation, inappropriate behavior are possible. If the cat does not blink, you should carefully close his eyes, otherwise the cornea will dry out. Until the four-legged pet recovers from anesthesia, it is recommended to be with him and monitor his condition. You cannot feed the cat in the first 24 hours after the operation. You can only drink it from a syringe or pipette. Doing this is permissible only in the absence of vomiting.
What to do if your cat jumps and falls after surgery?
Sometimes it happens that the operated pet jumps and falls, which can lead to injury or disruption of the integrity of the seams. During jumping, the cat can catch on protruding objects with the strings from the blanket, which will lead to suffocation. To avoid trouble, it is recommended to keep the animal in a spacious closed basket for the period of wound healing. over, it must be constantly monitored even when it visits the tray and eats. Only following these tips will prevent injury to the pet and the divergence of the seams during jumping.
Seroma, or fluid accumulation
At the incision site, a cat may eventually develop a seroma. a subcutaneous lump. It occurs due to the presence of an open area or gap in the subcutaneous fat layer as a result of incomplete stitching, licking or excessive activity of the pet. A yellowish or reddish serous fluid fills them, as a result of which bulging formations are formed under the suture line. This complication is not uncommon.
If a cat has a suspicion of gray after surgery, it is important to carry out a differential diagnosis, excluding an abscess. Purulent inflammation can be discussed if, through a special needle, not a pink or reddish liquid is drawn out of the lump, but pus. Usually, the seroma disappears by itself as the substance that forms it is reabsorbed by the tissues of the animal’s body. In exceptional cases, this formation is drained and sutured surgically.
The subtleties of terminology: sterilization and castration
Before studying the information on how to care for a cat after spaying, it is necessary to clearly understand what the terms “spay” and “castration” mean. The widespread opinion that only females are subjected to the first procedure, and cats, is mistaken. In fact, they are used in animals of both sexes.
Castration refers to the removal of reproductive organs. In cats, during surgery, the uterus and ovaries are excised, in cats, the testicles. A neutered animal ceases to experience cravings for the opposite sex and, accordingly, is not able to have offspring.
After anesthesia, the cat’s movements are chaotic and awkward. She may hit or injure herself. This poses a threat to the postoperative wound and the stitches imposed on it. To prevent the pet from damaging the incision site sewn by the surgeon, it is necessary to put on a medical blanket immediately after sterilization. This will protect the operated area on the abdomen.
- antiseptic treatment;
- inspection for damage.
If the operated area begins to bleed, you should immediately contact your veterinarian. This may indicate vascular damage, suture divergence, intra-abdominal bleeding, suppuration, etc.
Getting the cat out of anesthesia
When the cat is under general anesthesia, its eyes remain open. The risk of drying out the cornea increases. The bright light can damage the sensitive retina. It is necessary to take into account this feature of feline physiology.
Before the operation, it is recommended to drop a moisturizing ophthalmic solution into the pet’s eyes. The drops will keep the cornea from drying out. During recovery from anesthesia, it is necessary to press the upper and lower eyelids of the cat together with your fingers every half hour. The procedure is repeated until the blink reflex is restored.
Neutering a cat affects thermoregulation. The body temperature can rise as the body fights the effects of anesthesia. To prevent the oral cavity from drying out, it is necessary to force the animal to drink from a pipette or syringe without a needle. In this case, it is better to use not tap water, but filtered or boiled water.
How long does it take for a cat to walk after spaying?
The operation to remove the internal reproductive organs takes 30-40 minutes. The anesthesia lasts longer. After an ovariohysterectomy (removal of the ovaries with the uterus) or oophorectomy (removal of only the ovaries), a cat can sleep for up to 7 hours in a row. This is a variant of the norm. It is worth worrying if the animal does not wake up after 12 hours.
How long it takes for a pet to begin to move away from general anesthesia depends on its weight and age. If the cat is large (over 3 kg), the anesthesia is less effective. Veterinarians note that kittens and young animals wake up faster than adults and the elderly. This is due to the accelerated metabolism in the first.
The dose of the drug is of great importance. The doctor must calculate it in such a way that the animal does not leave anesthesia too early or does not remain unconscious for longer than the prescribed time. Otherwise, you will have to add anesthesia during the intervention or put cleansing droppers in the postoperative period.
The cat always sleeps for the first hours after sterilization. She may regain consciousness for a while, but then she falls back to sleep. There is no need to be afraid of this. Weakness and lethargy are inherent consequences of anesthesia.
The body needs to recover and gain strength. In addition, the anesthetic medicine does not stop working immediately. It takes time for it to be excreted from the body.
If the pet is drowsy or half asleep for 12 hours or more, you should consult a veterinarian. The doctor who performed the operation will give recommendations, ask you to bring the cat to the clinic, or come to examine it at home. The last option is the most acceptable, since the animal does not have to be subjected to additional stress.
When to feed and give water
For the first 24 hours after surgery, the cat may refuse to drink and eat. This is normal. The animal has undergone anesthesia, it is weakened and vomiting. The body needs strength to recover, not to digest food.
After sterilization, the cat has no desire to drink. However, 4 hours after the operation, you need to start giving her water. This is necessary to avoid dehydration. If, after 4 hours, the pet has not woken up, you need to moisten its lips or drip a few drops of water from a pipette onto the tongue. When the animal wakes up, it is necessary to pour liquid from a syringe without a needle into its mouth every half hour.
Feeding the cat is allowed only 24 hours after the operation. Otherwise, complications are possible: nausea, vomiting, seam divergence. Food should be soft and easily digestible so as not to overload the stomach. It is best to feed your pet special veterinary diets designed to help you recover. Such food is produced in the form of pates and is in the medical lines of the companies Purina, Monge, Hill’s, Royal Canin. Canned food should be given in small amounts, but often (5-6 times a day).
How does your pet behave when recovering from anesthesia?
Surgery accompanied by general anesthesia is very stressful for the pet. It does not depend on age and character. The behavior of a recently operated animal is strange. In this case, the cat can:
- stand up suddenly and fall sharply;
- walk, hitting corners, knocking objects, crashing into walls;
- run chaotic jogging;
- involuntarily moving paws for no reason.
After the operation, the pet may have the following symptoms for several days:
- poor orientation in space;
- nausea and vomiting;
- constantly open eyes;
- involuntary urination;
- mood swings;
- the publication of strange sounds;
- trouble swallowing food.
If the body temperature rises (from 39 ° C and above) and does not subside for 2-3 days, you need to inform the veterinarian. Pet examination may be required to find out the cause of hyperthermia.
A serious condition is also noted at a body temperature below 37 ° C. This symptom is often observed in cats that have not reached 1 year of age by the time of neutering. The process of thermoregulation in kittens is not yet fully established. The presence of hypothermia should be reported to the veterinarian. The doctor will tell you what to do in a similar situation.
How long do cats recover from anesthesia after sterilization and how they behave at the same time also depends on their character. Phlegmatic and calm pets sleep a lot, rarely show aggression. Active and playful individuals of the feline family can start to run and demand attention after a day.
Caring for a cat after neutering
After the operation, it is better to leave the cat in the clinic for a while, so that it is under the supervision of a veterinarian. However, this is not always possible. In most cases, animals are taken home immediately after surgery. For the first 24 hours, it is important not to leave your pet unattended and to be near her. This will avoid postoperative complications and alleviate the mental state of the stressed cat.
Care includes putting on a blanket or bandage. This will prevent the animal from licking postoperative wounds. It is important to regularly change dressings and maintain stitches. This will prevent infection and inflammation development.
The animal needs to be provided with a secluded sleeping place. It is good if the cat already has a bed in which she is used to sleeping. If it is not there, you can build a bed from a blanket, pillows, old soft sweaters, etc. It is important that the “bed” is located at floor level. You cannot place a sleeping place on elevations: a windowsill, a chair, a table, a sofa. After anesthesia, coordination of movements is impaired. The cat may fall and damage the seams. The bed must be soft, warm and safe.
Bowls of food and water should be placed next to the bed. The tray also needs to be placed nearby. This will save the animal from unnecessary movements and torment during the rehabilitation period.
After sterilization, the cat sleeps a lot. There is no need to be intimidated by this. It replenishes the forces that the body uses for its recovery. During this period, you need to provide the pet with peace, protect it from communication with children and other pets.
How long does it take for a cat to recover from anesthesia after spaying?
Castration and sterilization are simple and necessary operations for cats and cats, during which the sex glands (testes or ovaries with the uterus) are removed. Veterinarians have extensive experience in conducting them. The owners’ task is to closely monitor and properly care for the pet or pet after surgery. Many are interested in how much a cat recovers from anesthesia after sterilization. The answer depends on factors such as: the age and weight of the animal, the type and conditions of the operation, the dose of the drug for anesthesia, the professionalism of the veterinary surgeon.
Cat owners need to know not only how long the period of withdrawal from anesthesia lasts, but also what complications may arise after surgery.
Negative consequences can be associated with:
- improper pet care;
- characteristics of the body;
- medical errors;
- the use of low-quality surgical instruments and threads;
- the presence of additional diseases in the animal.
After ovariectomy and ovariohysterectomy, complications sometimes arise such as:
cat after sterilization
- divergence of seams;
- intra-abdominal bleeding;
- hyper- or hypothermia;
- inflammation and swelling in the seam area;
- a lump-like neoplasm near or under the sutures.
If you find any problems in the well-being of your pet, you should immediately contact your veterinarian. Complications can be temporary and a variant of the norm. However, in some cases, they threaten the cat’s life. Therefore, delay is fatal.
To avoid complications, it is necessary to carefully consider the choice of a veterinary surgeon and provide the cat with proper care after removal of the internal reproductive organs.
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How long does it take for cats to leave after sterilization?
Sterilization of a cat is performed both at the request of the owners and for medical reasons in connection with various diseases. The main purpose of the operation is to stop the production of female sex hormones, as well as to prevent the appearance of unwanted offspring. Sterilization is usually done in one of two ways: oophorectomy (removal of the ovaries) or ovariohysterectomy (removal of the ovaries, uterus, and fallopian tubes). The second option is preferable for the cat’s health, as it prevents such diseases as purulent inflammation of the uterus (pyometra), inflammation of the uterine lining (acute or chronic endometritis) and others. Another method, tubal ligation, is used much less often, since it does not solve problems with the behavior of the animal and often leads to unwanted complications.
Currently, sterilization can be performed in a clinical setting or at home. The success of the operation and the absence of subsequent complications depends not only on the professionalism of the surgeon performing the operation, but also on the properly organized postoperative care. At the same time, the animal can undergo the rehabilitation period both in a hospital and at home.
Inpatient Postoperative Care: Advantages and Disadvantages
Many veterinary clinics offer to leave the cat in the hospital until complete recovery and healing of the stitches. This service costs an additional amount, but it has a number of advantages:
- The cat is not transported immediately after surgery, which reduces the risk of infection or colds.
- All care procedures are performed by experienced specialists in strict accordance with the schedule and using proven medicines.
- Constant monitoring of the cat’s condition is carried out. In case of possible complications or allergic reactions to drugs, assistance to the animal will be provided immediately.
- The owner saves his own time, energy and nerves. The likelihood of an error when choosing medications or carrying out the necessary procedures is reduced, and responsibility for the health of the animal is completely shifted to the veterinarian.
At the same time, the rehabilitation of an animal in a hospital has its drawbacks:
- The animal after the operation is already in a state of stress, and the absence of the owner and the unfamiliar environment only exacerbate it. In such a situation, an affectionate word and the presence of a loved one can greatly affect the cat’s behavior after spaying.
- There is not always one hundred percent confidence in the conscientiousness and responsibility of the clinic staff, not all owners can entrust their pet to the wrong hands.
- A cat can remember the insult for a long time and it will take a lot of time to restore trust between the animal and the owner.
- There is a risk of contracting various diseases from other animals kept in the hospital.
- Among other things, the owner bears additional costs.
Caring for a cat after spaying at home
Despite all the advantages of being in a hospital, most owners still prefer to take care of the cat on their own in the postoperative period. After the operation, the veterinarian is obliged to provide detailed recommendations for caring for the cat (in many clinics, the owners are given a memo describing the necessary procedures) and make a list of the necessary painkillers and other drugs.
After the operation, the animal is handed over to the owners in a state of anesthesia or in a state of awakening under the influence of anesthetic drugs. To protect the stitches from licking, a postoperative collar or blanket is put on the cat. It is advisable not to leave the clinic immediately after the release of the animal, but to stay for 30-40 minutes in order to monitor the condition of the animal after anesthesia and make sure that there is no bleeding. How long does a cat take from anesthesia after sterilization depends both on the individual characteristics of the animal’s body and on the type of anesthetic used.
Transportation of the cat home is carried out taking into account the weather conditions, in no case should the animal be hypothermic, therefore, in the cold season, an insulated carrier should be used, and to maintain a constant temperature inside it is recommended to place a warm heating pad. Also, in order to avoid infection, it is undesirable to transport your pet in public transport.
Once home, your cat needs to be as comfortable and as calm as possible. Cozy, soft bedding should be in a quiet, warm place, but avoid direct sunlight. In the early days, contact of the cat with other pets and children should be excluded.
One interesting thing about cats is that they do not close their eyes during anesthesia, which leads to dry out of the cornea. To relieve the animal of discomfort, a small amount of saline or contact lens fluid should be instilled into the eyes.
Owners should be prepared for the fact that during the day, and sometimes two or three days, the cat will refuse food. When the animal has an appetite, it should be given exceptionally light food that does not cause constipation.
Care of the suture should be in strict accordance with the recommendations of the veterinarian, since the suture material and the nature of the suture may differ from case to case. So, in the case of using absorbable suture materials, there is no need for special treatment of the suture, however, the owners must perform a daily examination for the appearance of suppuration or inflammation. If an ordinary thread was used for suturing, the seam should be treated with disinfectants and drying agents twice a day, and also apply the healing ointment recommended by the doctor.
3-4 days after the operation, it is recommended to invite a veterinarian at home to examine the suture and monitor the overall health of the cat. If healing proceeds normally and no other complications are observed, the stitches are removed 7-14 days after the operation.
After removing the stitches, the cat returns to its normal life and does not require special care. However, owners should take into account that in the first few weeks, the animal will not be so mobile, and a decrease in activity can lead to the appearance of body fat. In order to prevent obesity, it is recommended to reduce the portion size by 10-20% and pay more attention to active games with your pet.
Reduction of natural needs
In the first days, urination becomes less frequent and less in volume. However, with the restoration of appetite, everything should return to normal.
Constipation is common in cats after spaying. If the animal does not go to the toilet for more than three days, you need to give him a laxative. In the nearest veterinary pharmacy, you can buy various preparations based on petroleum jelly or other products. After the first cleaning of the intestines, the stool should improve.
Caring for a cat at home. Feeding
The pet’s appetite returns within two days after surgery. How to feed a cat after spaying? As before. Within a few days, the pet will begin to eat in the same amounts as before the operation. If this does not happen on the 5th day, then this is a sign of ill health. It is recommended to consult a veterinarian.
You need to feed a little, as soon as the pet has a desire to eat. However, if vomiting appears, then you need to wait a few more hours with food. To avoid problems with the collar, the diameter of the bowl should be smaller. The cup must be placed at a height of 3-6 cm.
Preparing for surgery
There is nothing tricky here. The animal should not eat for 12 hours and not drink for 4 hours before surgery. This is due to the fact that the operation is performed under local anesthesia. That’s all the preparation. Animals older than 8 months can be sterilized. In this case, there will be no complications. It is optimal to carry out the operation even before the first mating or the first desire. It is advisable to get vaccinated a month before the procedure in order to protect the pet from possible complications and infections. When cats are neutered, postoperative care is required for 1-2 weeks.
This event becomes mandatory from the second day after the operation. It is carried out every other day, preferably every day, one hour after taking painkillers. The purpose of this event is to antimicrobial treatment of the seam. To do this, a cotton swab is moistened in chlorhexidine, and all the smallest folds are cleaned with it. Fur and discharge should be removed from the incision. Finally, the wound can be treated with a tampon with Levomekol ointment. The healing course is usually 10 days. The easiest way is to clean the seams together: one person puts the cat on its hind legs, and the second processes.
Immediately after the operation, a few drops of blood or ichor may come out of the incision. The seam after the operation turns red and bloodshot. This is a normal reaction. As a rule, after a couple of days, the swelling subsides, and the incision stops getting wet. If the condition of the seam does not improve, then this is a reason to consult a doctor.
Cat Neutering SURGERY, Aftercare & Recovery 6 MONTHS OLD
Behavior of cats after neutering. Caring for a cat after neutering
and more often, owners ask themselves the question: “Should I sterilize the cat?” And this approach is more correct than the use of hormonal contraceptives or a complete rejection of the regulation of sexual desire. The fact is that medications negatively affect the cat’s health, can lead to various tumors, etc. And in the second case, there is a threat that the animal will become pregnant several times a year. Sterilized cats walk and do not bring any offspring. The operation once and for all removes all questions and problems.
The most difficult period. immediately after surgery and within two days. On these days, it is advisable to give pain relievers. It can be both injections and pills (when swallowing function is restored). However, special feline medications should be given, not human medications! Painkillers will not only make the pet’s life easier, but will also make her feel much better, her appetite will return earlier, and the temperature will not rise much. The postoperative syndrome itself will be much less pronounced.
If the behavior of cats after neutering does not differ from usual, then this item can be excluded from treatment measures. However, in most cases it is required.
The first days after anesthesia
When a cat recovers from anesthesia after neutering. it can take a long time. It all depends on the individual characteristics of the body, proper care and good nutrition. After completing the procedure, the fluffy beauty becomes adequate in about three hours. Symptoms:
- weak movements of the limbs and tail begin;
- periodically the animal will fall asleep again;
- it will try to raise its paws, make attempts to get up;
- will start to get up with an effort;
- all movements at first will be clumsy, uncoordinated, wobbly;
- after a few steps, the cat will lie down;
- the fluffy beauty will start bumping into corners and walls, waddle around;
- after anesthesia, the cat will make plaintive and uterine sounds unusual for her;
- repeated sudden urination often occurs.
This behavior of a cat after anesthesia is observed within 24 hours after the end of the anesthesia. The animal has a very difficult time at this time, so the owners must help their pet to survive the difficult period. You should carefully look after the ward, do not let him poke into corners and sharp objects, do not lift them to elevations.
Since the cat is under anesthesia with unclosed eyes, their mucous membrane is very dry. Therefore, you need to periodically instill moisturizing drops, and close your eyelids with your fingers. These procedures are done until the animal closes its eyes on its own. It will not be able to drink water on its own during the day, so it needs to be instilled into the mouth in a few drops or constantly moisten the pet’s lips with a wet cloth.
Animals after anesthesia often vomit and vomit. This can be predicted by their behavior. Before vomiting, pets begin to lick their lips intensively. In the first 24 hours after the operation, cats are not fed, but watered. They need help to stand on their feet.
Until the cat begins to drink on its own, it should be held in a standing position by a bowl of water. To make it easier for the animal to go to the toilet, the tray is placed near the bed. If it is difficult for a pet to stand on its own feet, it must be supported by its owners.
How long does a cat recover from anesthesia
During castration, the testes are removed from animals. Sterilization can be performed regardless of gender. But mostly sterilization is indicated for cats. After the procedure, the animal will no longer be able to give birth. How much does a cat recover from anesthesia after sterilization, the rehabilitation period. described in this article.
Description of sterilization and its types
This operation is done to restrict the work of the genitals responsible for reproduction or to completely remove them. There are many ways to sterilize an animal:
- In an ovariohysterectomy, the ovaries are removed through an incision in the abdomen or side.
- During laparoscopy, organs for reproduction and bearing of offspring are excised through small punctures in the belly.
- In an ovariectomy, the ovaries are removed through an abdominal incision. In this case, the uterus is not affected and turns into a useless organ.
- With the help of a chemical (radiation) method, the animal is irradiated. Ovarian function is impaired.
- During drug sterilization, sexual functions are inhibited by drugs.
- With tubal occlusion, the reproductive organs are not removed, only the ligation of the fallopian tubes is done. At the same time, libido and the cycle remain.
The operation is performed under general anesthesia. The duration of the procedure is 20-40 minutes. Stitches heal within a week, and the rehabilitation period can last up to 14 days.
What to do before surgery?
To alleviate the condition of the operated cat, it is necessary to prepare in advance. Place the mat in a warm place on the floor to avoid falling off elevations. It is necessary to isolate the room from drafts.
It is necessary to take the animal to the operation in a carrier, on the bottom of which a warm blanket or towel must be placed beforehand. When the cat begins to move away from the anesthesia, she will begin to feel very cold. It will be easier for the animal on a warm blanket.
Caring for the cat after sterilization continues after it leaves anesthesia. In a day you need:
- start treating the seams daily with antiseptics (once every 24 hours);
- control the holding of a special blanket or collar;
- sprinkle the bleeding seams with bactericidal agents.
The fluffy beauty departs from the operation completely, most often on the fourth or fifth day after the surgery. During this period, activity returns to the cat. She begins to leave the lounger, jump, run. Can easily climb a tree outside.
From such violent activity, the seams diverge, so you should try to limit the movement of your pet. Postoperative wounds usually heal within ten days. If the sutures were protected by absorbable threads, they will not be removed. Otherwise, you need to contact the veterinarian. Stitches should only be removed by a doctor so as not to harm the animal.
Complications after sterilization
If the cat moved away without any problems after the operation, it is good. But it happens, albeit extremely rarely, sterilization is accompanied by complications. The animal’s cardiovascular system may be disrupted during surgery or after recovery from anesthesia. Inflammations most often occur due to the oversight of the surgeon or as a result of negligence of the owners of the animal.
For example, no treatment for stitches, antibiotics, or other medications prescribed by your doctor. The cat may also have an acute allergic reaction to the anesthesia.
For any signs of an animal’s discomfort, it must be taken to the veterinary clinic for examination, without waiting for the pet to be in a deplorable state.
In order for the sterilization to proceed normally and the animal to rehabilitate quickly, a preliminary examination is carried out before the operation. In cats, the recovery period is faster, in 3-4 days. They do not need to wear a blanket, unlike the opposite sex. Cats recover within two weeks. If complications arise, the rehabilitation of the animal can last up to two months.
The first days after sterilization: the norm and deviations
The most important time. Much depends on how the cat is kept and how to care for it. The countdown should be carried out from 10-12 hours from the moment the animal leaves drug-induced sleep.
During this period, you must definitely pay attention to the following points:
- First of all, you need to look at how the cat drinks. And does she drink at all. If all is well, the animal will be very thirsty almost immediately after waking up. It’s okay, nothing to worry about. But if the cat does not want to drink, or an indefatigable thirst awakens in her, in which the animal can loaf almost liters of water, it’s time to call the veterinarian. It is possible that the pet has something very wrong with the urinary system.
- It is very important to pay attention to whether the animal is peeing. Urination for a recently operated animal is a very important indicator. First of all, its presence means that everything is in order with the cat’s kidneys (most likely), they are not “killed” by anesthetics or a sudden drop / increase in pressure at the time of the operation. Please note that in the first 12 hours the animal will have to pee. If this does not happen, be sure to call your veterinarian.
- Finally, there is a bowel movement. “Officially” it is allowed that within two days from the moment of the operation, the cat may not poop. Anything over this period is a pathological condition, and therefore the owner should also contact the veterinarian.
Thus, much is not required from the owner in the first days after the operation: it is only important to monitor how the cat eats, drinks, and also how she goes to the toilet. If everything is in order, the owner does not need to do anything. In other cases, we advise you to immediately consult a veterinarian.
The first hours after anesthesia
After the usual abdominal surgery, the first hours are usually devoid of any “raisins”, since the animals normally sleep. But sleep is not a reason to leave a cat unattended.
It is necessary to examine the pet at least once every half hour, paying special attention to the following nuances:
- The animal’s breathing should be calm, even and deep. Increased respiratory movements, shallow or, conversely, too rare and deep breathing. all these signs indicate serious pathologies of the respiratory system, which should be immediately reported to the veterinarian.
- You should also monitor your cat’s body temperature. Usually, during drug-induced sleep, it is slightly lowered (about 37 ° Celsius). The closer the awakening time, the closer the temperature is to normal. A serious decrease in it to 36.4 ° Celsius and below is a sign of severe hypothermia. This happens when the animal after the operation was kept in an excessively cold room. As for the cases of an increase in body temperature, in practice they are rarely encountered. Usually this pathology develops towards the end of the first day, indicating a serious inflammatory process in the cat’s body.
- It is necessary to monitor the condition of the visible mucous membranes. Normally, they should have a pinkish tint. If you turn blue or turn pale, you can talk either about serious blood loss (with internal bleeding), or about hypoxia (again, associated with pathologies of the respiratory system).
We emphasize once again that at this time the owner only needs to look after the condition of his pet. You don’t need to do anything else. When the cat begins to wake up, you should not immediately water it (let alone feed it. and even more so).
Drinking can be started when the animal at least partially comes to its senses, and there is no longer a danger that water will enter the respiratory tract.
Remember that fresh drink should be within the reach of the pet all the time; you need to change it at least once a day.
The first time you can give food no earlier than 12 hours after cavity sterilization, after laparoscopy, you also need to wait at least three hours.
How to feed an animal in the postoperative period
- The first day. light broths.
- On the second and third day, they can be flavored with vegetable and meat puree.
- Starting from the fourth and fifth days, you need to feed the pet, gradually including in its diet low-fat meat and offal, as well as sea fish (also low-fat).
How long does a cat recover from anesthesia after sterilization??
It all depends on two main factors:
- The type of operation, because different types of sterilization require different anesthesia.
- The physiological state and age of the animal. The younger and “stronger” the cat is, the faster it will recover from all the consequences of the procedure.
Still, the type of sterilization is of decisive importance. There are only three types of them, each of which has its own characteristics, in each case, the timing of recovery from anesthesia is completely different:
- Cavity sterilization. The most widespread and typical form of cat sowing. In this case, an incision up to four centimeters long is made on the pet’s abdomen, through which the veterinarian removes the uterus and ovaries. In this case, a full and rather powerful anesthesia is required. Accordingly, even a young animal will not quickly move away from such anesthesia. This will take at least seven hours (sometimes more).
- Laparoscopic sterilization. It also belongs to the category of abdominal operations, but in this case the veterinarian has to make an incision no more than five millimeters long. Removal and extraction of reproductive organs in this case is performed using a special instrument, a laparoscope. It is believed that especially strong anesthesia is not needed for this procedure. Some specialists generally dispense with a combination of sedatives administered intravenously to the animal. Accordingly, in such cases, the cat quickly recovers from anesthesia. Sometimes the animal is already quite adequate three hours after the operation, and at this time the pet can eat and play with appetite.
- “Chemical”, it is also. hormonal, sterilization. In this case, no anesthesia is required, and therefore the cat has nothing to move away from.
But all of the above is relative. Much depends on the condition of the animal before the operation, on the conditions of its feeding and maintenance. So, in some cases, cats, even after the usual cavity sterilization, move away from the effects of anesthesia after five hours, while their relatives need almost a day for this.
In addition, the presence / absence of quality postoperative care plays a huge role. If the cat does not receive it at all, it may well die, or the rehabilitation process will take several months.
After the operation (up to the first two or three days), the behavior may not be entirely “correct”:
- Disorientation in space.
- Shaky and jerky gait.
- The animal can literally fall out of the blue.
All this is the norm, i.e. the consequences of the introduction of powerful anesthetics.
How much does a cat recover from anesthesia after sterilization: rules of maintenance and care
Many owners are still wary of sterilization. This attitude is due, among other things, to the need for general anesthesia. And not every pet recovers quickly and without problems from him. Sometimes it takes quite a long time for this. But how much does the cat move away from anesthesia after sterilization, what factors affect the duration of this process, and how to help the cat with minimal losses to transfer it?
Postoperative animal care: general information
As we wrote above, unnecessary “body movements” during this period are not required.
But you need to follow a few rules (very simple):
- It is imperative to monitor the condition of the seam in the first three days after the operation. If it swells, redness, exudate and / or soreness when palpating (the ichor on the first day is a normal phenomenon, but pus in any case indicates pathology), you need to consult a doctor.
- Of particular importance is the correct animal. It is necessary that there are no drafts in the room where the operated cat is. This is a very important requirement. However, you do not need to place your pet directly under the central heating battery.
- For the first three days, it is necessary that the litter box and bowl of water / food are located in the same room as the animal.
- It is necessary to remove all tall interior items and furniture from the room, since after anesthesia, the pet can (albeit with difficulty) climb on them, and then fall, being injured at the same time.
As you can easily see, leaving is not accompanied by any difficulties.
Getting the cat out of anesthesia
Of course, the owners are worried and want to know in advance how much the cat is recovering from anesthesia after sterilization in order to monitor the condition of the pets and, in case of deviations from the norm, seek advice on time. Let’s make a reservation right away, you shouldn’t worry about the upcoming anesthesia, since the use of modern drugs practically does not cause complications, especially if your cat is absolutely healthy and was examined for possible pathologies the day before.
If your pet is crawling, bumping into obstacles, falls through every step. do not worry, this is a temporary disorientation in space. Thus, the animal can behave for 2-3 hours, after which it begins to walk, staggering a little. But sometimes recovery from anesthesia can take up to 12 hours. And this is a reason to sound the alarm. If we continue to observe oddities in the behavior of the pet, and she also publishes plaintive meows, you should contact a specialist.
When breathing difficulties arise, the mucous membranes turn blue, and the pulse weakens. immediately take the animal back to the clinic.
Lethargy and drowsiness can last up to 2 days after surgery. All these are the consequences of anesthesia accompanying the animal during the departure from it.
How much does a cat leave after anesthesia after sterilization
Owners who are not interested in obtaining offspring from domestic cats usually solve this issue in a radical way. they sterilize their pets. Without going into the details of the procedure, they are interested in how long the cat leaves after anesthesia after sterilization and how to observe it after the operation. The answer to this question depends on the type of surgery.
Postoperative cat behavior and care
When a cat recovers from anesthesia after neutering, it has a hard time trying to control its movements. Getting up from the litter and taking a few steps, she may fall exhausted. Place your pet gently on its bed and make sure that it does not have to walk far. Place a tray next to it and limit the space it is in. Eliminate anything that might interfere with her movement: wires, objects, so that she does not get tangled and tripping, causing herself additional pain. Do not place the animal on high surfaces (sofa, bed). it may fall and be injured, which can contribute to premature opening of the seam.
After anesthesia, a cat may remain drowsy for several hours and respond inadequately to everything. However, do not be alarmed if from time to time she will jump up and try to run, as well as meow loudly and lingeringly. this is a completely normal reaction. Just make sure that the pet does not accidentally rip off the postoperative blanket and tear off the seam.
It will not be superfluous to try to calm your darling by gently stroking and talking to her. It is also important to ensure that the cat does not roll over onto its left side, creating a postoperative stress on the heart: it is recommended that it only lie on its right side.
Types of operations
One of these methods can be chosen to sterilize an animal:
- Ovariectomy, in which only the ovaries are surgically removed, and the uterus remains in the peritoneum (opponents of the method refer to the fact that in the future, the cat may develop inflammation of a not removed, but unnecessary organ, and a new surgical intervention will be required).
- Ovariohysterectomy. not only the ovaries are excised, but also the uterus itself, that is, all reproductive organs.
- Ligation of the fallopian tubes (plus the method is that the cat can easily happen. pregnancy will not occur, minus. problems with the organs present, but “blocked”).
Prolonged withdrawal from anesthesia
If your cat takes a long time to recover from anesthesia after spaying, it is likely that she has developed postoperative complications and needs urgent medical attention. It can be:
- Post-anesthetic hypothermia, when the cat lies motionless for a long time, her paws and ears are cold to the touch, and the temperature measured by the rectal method (through the anus) is below 37 degrees and warming with warm heating pads does not help.
- Post-anesthetic hyperthermia. the temperature above 39 degrees lasts more than 3 days after sterilization.
- Internal bleeding. It is indicated by the blood oozing in the cat from the postoperative suture, as well as lethargy and apathy, soreness of the peritoneum, pronounced pallor of the mucous membranes.
- Redness and postoperative swelling around the suture. If these phenomena are observed more than 5 days from the moment of the operation, and the swelling does not subside, a veterinarian examination is necessary.
In any case, if you are worried about the physical condition of the pet or its strange behavior, and the improvements are not noticeable, consult a specialist who will tell you how you can help your kitty.