Preparation for sterilization
Since this procedure is an abdominal operation performed under anesthesia, the animal must be prepared for it:
- Keep the animal on a starvation diet for twelve hours before the operation;
- The day before the operation, it is worth giving the pet a tablespoon of vaseline oil to drink. This will help cleanse the intestines;
- Before the operation, the animal must be checked and examined by a veterinarian;
- This procedure can be carried out only from the onset of puberty, that is, when the pet is six months old.
It is important to know that the operation is performed only on a healthy cat. Sterilization of a nursing cat is also unacceptable. This is due to the fact that during lactation, the cat may be injured or lose a lot of blood. It is best to wait for the reverse development of the uterus, and then operate the animal.
The advantages of sterilization
This operation has practically no drawbacks, as it is useful for both owners and pets:
- Sterilized animals do not flow or cry in spring;
- They do not suffer from inflammations, including pyometra, a common disease of unsterilized animals;
- Their mammary glands almost never swell;
- Pregnant animals need to be cared for, and this care often requires contacting a veterinarian. In addition, born kittens will have to be attached somewhere.
As you can see, this operation has a lot of advantages, it has almost no negative sides.
Duration and course of surgery
In terms of time, spaying a cat does not last long, especially spaying at home. In this case, the operation takes up to 20 minutes. The price of this procedure will practically not differ from the operation in the clinic.
Sterilization takes on average 30 minutes (excluding the rehabilitation and preparation time for surgery). Before the procedure itself, the pet is prepared for the operation, anesthesia is administered. The owner is not allowed to be present at the operation, during which time he can walk.
In general, sterilization takes about one to two hours. After the procedure ends, she is transferred to another box, where she wakes up from anesthesia. Sometimes an injection is injected into the animal, which helps to wake up faster. After a while, the pet is taken by the owner.
Also, with the help of this operation, you will protect the animal from many unpleasant diseases.
Duration of spaying a cat
Neutering a cat is an operation in which the ovaries are removed from the animal, most often along with the uterus. This operation can be performed both in the clinic and at home.
How long does a cat neuter take? It depends on the place in which it is held, most often it does not take more than two hours.
Neutering cats is becoming more and more popular. Many are disturbed by the wild screams of cats every spring, someone is afraid that his pet will become infected with a sexually transmitted disease. Also, the popularity of operations is due to an overabundance of kittens given “into good hands” and street cats.
Hormones, special pills and, in fact, sterilization will help prevent this process. It’s good if you do the surgery before your first heat.
After the operation, the pet “rehabilitates” for about a month and becomes calm and sweet. She temporarily stops producing female sex hormones, which lowers hormonal levels and stops the desire for sexual desire. With a decrease in hormone levels, the animal does not become cute for a certain time. The animal may lose excessive aggression and improve character.
After the procedure, a special blanket is put on the cat, eliminating the likelihood of stress. The best place for a cat at this time is a warm place on the floor or in its own corner.
Sterilization is a critical step that requires a deliberate decision. If you decide on it, know that the procedure will save you and your pet from many problems.
Exceptions to the rule
With cryptorchidism, when any of the testes does not descend into the scrotum, but is in the abdominal cavity. In this case, the operation lasts more than an hour, since the field for the operation increases, it is much more difficult to remove the testes, the incision is made larger, which means it takes longer to suture. But such cases are extremely rare, so you can not think about them.
The time of the operation is significantly influenced by the age of the animal, it is especially difficult to do operations on kittens up to 6 months. The reason is not in physiology, but in the size of the organism. Due to their small size, it is difficult to find testes, moreover, at this time they are not yet formed. Often, by this age, they do not descend into the testicles, as a result, you have to do an operation like cryptorchid. to open the abdominal cavity. As a result, the operation takes an hour.
In this regard, it is recommended to carry out castration not earlier than 7 months. In addition to the duration of the surgical intervention, there are several other important reasons for this:
- Kittens are more difficult to tolerate anesthesia, the more likely they are not to wake up.
- The genitals stop developing, which increases the risk of developing urolithiasis.
- Cats grow larger due to the fact that the cartilage tissue does not harden in time, this leads to a decrease in bone density, which is fraught with fractures.
Diet before surgery
Make sure that the pet does not eat any food for 10-12 hours. But she can drink water. Don’t worry about the animal starving. A cat is a carnivore and can easily endure a lack of food for 1-2 days.
If you allowed yourself to be weak, and still fed the animal, then after the cat has been sterilized, it will have vomiting and will suffer from unpleasant sensations.
Diet for a cat before surgery
Now you understand what you need to know about spaying a cat before starting surgery.
After general anesthesia
How to take care of a cat after castration in this case? In the first hours after the intervention, the pet has severe weakness, nausea, and dizziness. So the animal moves away from anesthesia. What should the owner do after castration of a cat? Sometimes he is offered to leave the animal in the clinic for a day after the operation. However, the animal can only calm down and feel the care of the owner at home.
After general anesthesia, the cat has:
- Dry eyes. During the operation, the eyes of cats do not close; the veterinarian does this manually so that the conjunctiva is moistened with a tear. After the procedure, if the pet has not yet recovered from anesthesia, the owner will need to do this. How long does a cat go from castration? This may take several hours. If the animal lies with open eyes for a long time, you can drip saline.
- Decreased body temperature. If cats normally have a temperature of 37.5-39.0 degrees, then after the operation it can be 36.5-37.0. To prevent the animal from freezing, it is worth covering it with a warm blanket. To normalize blood circulation, the cat’s paws and ears are rubbed.
- Shaky gait. This is due to the fact that the muscles relaxed during the application of anesthesia. So the pet can walk on the first day after the procedure. It is worth monitoring how the cat behaves after castration so that the animal does not climb somewhere it cannot get out of.
- Painful sensations. Despite the fact that the animal is silent, this does not mean that it is not in pain. After the operation, the cat is depressed and needs pain relievers.
After the operation, you need to look at the groin area of the animal daily and check for bleeding.
To make the stitches heal faster, the wound is treated with hydrogen peroxide and brilliant green. You can also lubricate with Levomekol.
The doctor may prescribe a 5-day course of antibiotics to avoid possible complications.
Decide on the age of the operation
Today, veterinarians offer pet owners two options:
- “Early” sterilization or castration of a cat. The animal must be less than 16 weeks old.
- An operation that a pet undergoes after puberty.
As an advantage of “early” sterilization or castration. that is, an operation performed on a kitten even before puberty, one can name the fact that the pet does not have time to experience the severe psychological and physiological consequences of the need for mating.
During periods of “heat” and “sexual heat” the cat and the cat lose their appetite and experience stress. In addition, the process of puberty itself implies serious hormonal changes, and castration or sterilization performed on a pet that has barely survived such a “restructuring” will only become an additional burden on the body.
Traditionally, sterilization of cats or castration of a cat is carried out at the age of puberty. at 10. 12 months of the pet’s life. If your pet is already an adult, you yourself can choose any convenient time for neutering cats.
Have your pet examined by a veterinarian to make sure there are no contraindications to surgery. Take tests, go through an examination and find out if the animal has allergic reactions.
Since the operation leads to a temporary decrease in immunity, it is important that the cat and cat are protected. Check the date of the last vaccination. If it’s time to repeat the vaccination, first deworm, and two weeks after getting rid of the worms (and at least 30 days before the operation), go through the revaccination.
Buy everything you need to care for your pet after surgery. Include in the shopping list:
- Bandage to protect the seam (if any) or a special collar;
- A removable top carrier in which you take your pet home from the hospital;
- Antiseptic solution for the treatment of seams;
- Food for neutered and neutered pets, to which it will be possible to gradually transfer a cat and a cat.
In order to avoid the occurrence of gagging in a state of anesthesia, keep the pet on a starvation diet 12 hours before the operation, and stop drinking for three hours.
The whole operation takes no more than 30 minutes, and the animal must come out of anesthesia under the supervision of a doctor, after which it can be taken home. Be prepared for the animal to need special care for some time after castration or neutering.
Reaction to anesthesia
How do cats cope with castration and anesthesia during it? If the animal is diagnosed with heart failure, this can negatively affect the condition after the drug is administered. Also at risk are felines of some breeds. British, Scottish Fold and others.
Signs of complications are severe shortness of breath, heart failure. To prevent this condition, you should examine the animal’s heart using ultrasound and ECG before surgery. If the risk of complications is high, it makes sense to refuse the operation or carry it out under local anesthesia.
Pet vaccination before sterilization
Your pet must be vaccinated, even if you are going to spay it or not. After all, if an animal does not have a vaccine, it is not at all protected from various diseases and serious infections. Vaccination protects the cat from the risk of infection. After you have vaccinated your pet, you need to wait a month to carry out the operation.
Vaccinating a cat before neutering
Preoperative examination process
Requirements that the pet owner must comply with before the operation to sterilize cats:
- Take care of the age category of the cat;
- Caring for a cat after sterilization;
- Treatment for the presence of worms;
- Animal vaccinations;
- Diet before surgery.
Too early operation of the animal can also negatively affect its health, for this you should adhere to the optimal age. To find out how the sterilization of cats at different ages is carried out, you need to know the age categories of sterilization.
- Early age. sterilization of cats in the process of 6 months can adversely affect the development of its entire body (in physiological terms, inhibit growth and differential development), although this operation is already allowed, because the cat is already producing sex hormones in the body, and the animal may start asking for a cat;
- The most optimal age for neutering a cat is 10-12 months of age. At this age, the animal’s body is already fully formed, and the operation will not affect its health so much;
- How late neutering of a cat takes place is a more complex question. It can be done, but it will be more difficult from the medical point of view, in terms of contraindications to neutering a cat. It is because of this that, in cats over 5 years old, doctors strongly recommend that an ECG examination and tests be performed. Only healthy cats can be allowed to such castration.
At what age are cats spayed?
Veterinarians believe that it is safest to neuter a cat at 6-8 months (before estrus), since she has already managed to physically form, but sexual behavior is not yet expressed. The techka is a kind of “switch”. The hitherto calm animal begins to mark territory and show aggression towards the owners, and even when the cat is sterilized after estrus, it continues to show sexual behavior.
It should be noted that the sexual development of long-haired breeds occurs later. the timing should be clarified with a specialist.
The main consequences of sterilization and castration
- Reduced energy demand;
- Decreased levels of sex hormones (testosterone and estrogen);
- Decreased spontaneous physical activity;
- Increased hunger;
- Excessive food intake;
- Increased risk of gaining excess weight;
- Propensity to develop urolithiasis;
- Increased risk of developing lower urinary tract diseases.
Be prepared for the fact that the cat after castration will be lethargic and weak, he will need special nutrition and special care. In order not to miss anything at this stage, check out the article “How to take care of your pet after neutering or spaying?”.
During castration, the surgeon cuts the scrotum, ligates the tail of the epididymis and removes the testis, and then sutures the wound. According to the description, it is clear that castration of a cat is a fairly simple procedure and takes 15-20 minutes, however, recovery from anesthesia can last up to 3-4 hours.
How long does it take to sterilize a cat?
We are in social networks. What is sterilization
This is the deprivation of the cat’s ability to reproduce. Most often, an abdominal operation is performed, during which the internal genital organs are removed completely or partially. The procedure is carried out under general anesthesia for 40-45 minutes. Regular or internal suture is applied. In modern practice, seamless surgery is also used, when an operating incision is made no more than 1 cm.
Sterilization of cats is carried out both in the clinic and at home. To travel to a veterinary clinic, you need to spend a certain amount of time, and you can call a veterinarian at your home at any time convenient for you. In addition, your cat will feel safe at home. We must not forget that in the clinic there is a danger of infection of animals with nosocomial infection, and this is very dangerous.
In modern veterinary medicine, there are two types of sterilization: surgical and chemical (drug). Medical sterilization involves the use of tablets and various drops to suppress the animal’s reproductive instinct. According to research, this is very harmful because it disrupts hormonal status and also leads to incurable diseases such as ovarian cysts and uterine tumors.
With surgical sterilization, ovariectomy is performed, in which only the ovaries are removed and ovariohysterectomy, that is, the complete removal of the uterus and ovaries, which is considered the preferred method, since it completely eliminates further complications. Both of these operations are performed under general anesthesia.
There are two generally accepted methods of sterilizing cats, and they do not differ significantly from each other. In the first case, the operation is performed “along the white line”, that is, an incision with a length of 1 to 5 cm is made in the middle of the abdomen. In the second case, a “lateral incision” or “lateral approach” is made (this method is also called “seamless”). The operation technology in both cases is the same, the only difference is in the place of the incision.
Sterilization operations for cats. Neutering cats
Neutering the cat. A surgical operation that veterinarians around the world have been successfully performing for many years. The methods used by different doctors may differ, but the essence is the same: during the operation, the reproductive organs are removed, which helps to reduce the hormonal background and the cessation of the reproductive functions of the body.
The question of neutering a domestic cat sooner or later arises before every owner. With the onset of puberty, a cat is able to turn a quiet house into a real hell, and bring the owner to white heat with her endless purrs and loud concerts at night. Such an active vocalization is not due to the fact that your pet has deteriorated in character, and not by her desire to prevent you from rest. Simply in this way, she informs her relatives that she is ready for mating, and calls the cat “on a date.” This is the nature of the cat. Her wild ancestors have shaped this type of behavior for centuries, and she simply obeys ancient instincts.
But what to do if there is no cat nearby, and the owner has no desire to happen to his pet and then engage in adding kittens? A mutually beneficial solution is to sterilize the cat. After the operation, the production of female sex hormones (estrogens) stops for about a month, the hormonal background decreases, and the cat again turns into a cute harmless pet animal.
With a high degree of probability, sterilization will help and relieve the cat from excessive aggressiveness. With a decrease in the level of hormones in the blood, character improves, the animal becomes calmer, aggression towards others and the owner decreases or completely disappears.
The term “sterilization” is usually applied to cats (females), and the term “castration”. To cats (males). It is believed that cats are spayed, and cats. Castrate. For ease of communication with the client and veterinarians use the same terminol
Neutering a cat: pros and cons When is it better to neuter a cat?
In the life of every cat owner, there comes a time when you have to decide the question of procreation of a pet. It really becomes a problem when kittens are periodically born, which are more and more difficult to attach. There are not enough good and caring hands for everyone, so most of the kids are doomed to a hungry existence, finding themselves on the street and replenishing the army of stray animals. The fate of their mother is not always enviable either. Repetitive estrus in the absence of mating or the use of hormonal agents can over time lead to depletion of the cat’s nervous system and to diseases such as ovarian cancer, vulvovaginitis, pyometra, etc.
Therefore, for those owners who really care about the health of their pet, the best solution is to neuter the cat. The pros and cons of this event should be studied in advance in order to prevent the occurrence of any unwanted complications.
Every Tuesday, the first 10 operations by appointment are held as part of a social program at a special price.
Neutering a cat
In some cases, a veterinarian is required during labor.
?? Caring for kittens is expensive, because it is necessary to feed the kittens correctly, fight worms, and vaccinate the kittens. And most importantly, you need to find owners for them, even for free you can not always give a kitten into good hands.
Preparing to neuter your cat?
Sterilization of a cat is an abdominal operation performed under general anesthesia. Before spaying a cat, keep the animal on a 12-hour fast. 1 day before the operation, you must give the cat 1 tablespoon of vaseline oil to free the intestines.
It is important to note that cat neutering is performed only on a healthy animal.
Neutering a cat at home
Neutering a cat. removal of the ovaries, usually the ovaries are removed along with the uterus. Neutering a cat is a technically proven operation.
Once again about neutering a cat at home
When neutering a cat at home, the owners themselves choose the most convenient time. Before neutering a cat at home, the owner can discuss all issues of interest with the veterinarian. In this case, the veterinarian also interviews the owner. Before neutering a cat at home, it is important to know the breed, age, health characteristics and character of the patient. Based on the results of such an interview, the veterinarian may consider it necessary to come to neuter the cat at home with an assistant or anesthesiologist. Before neutering a cat at home, the veterinarian conducts a thorough examination of the animal. In some exceptional cases, the veterinarian recommends postponing the castration of the cat or even abandoning the operation. There are several ways to castrate cats. Most of our surgeons prefer the “closed” method for neutering cats at home. At the same time, postoperative complications are practically excluded, such as: scrotal hernia (with wide inguinal rings), peritonitis, bleeding from the common vaginal membrane, scrotal edema. Even in the same breed, there are no two absolutely identical animals.
How to care for a cat after spaying?
After sterilization, the cat must be put on a postoperative blanket. It is better to put the animal in a warm place on the floor. The seam must be treated with alcohol once a day. Removal of stitches is performed 10-12 days after sterilization of the cat.
How long does it take
Is spaying a cat at home expensive??
Neutering a cat at home is very convenient for the owner and the pet. The cost of spaying a cat at home is not more expensive than at a veterinary clinic. The price of a one-time operation for the sterilization of a cat is minimal compared to the cost of maintaining the health of a pregnant cat, especially if she needs a cesarean section. In addition, one cannot ignore the cost of additional feeding and caring for kittens.
How long does sterilization of a cat take??
The operation itself to sterilize a cat takes on average 30-40 minutes, but you also need to take into account the time for introducing the animal into anesthesia and for removing it from it.
It is much easier to choose the time for spaying and caring for your cat once than caring for kittens later.
The essence of the procedure
Both procedures are performed on pets of any gender. If a cat is castrated, then his testicles are cut off, and the uterus and ovaries of the cat are excised. Sterilization involves ligating the tubes or seminal tract. At the same time, all genitals continue to work, because the animals continue to instinctively seek a partner, although pregnancy does not occur after sterilization.
Castration is considered a more humane way. After her, the pet becomes calmer, affectionate and rarely asks for a walk outside. This operation reduces the risk of developing oncological and inflammatory diseases of the genital organs. When sterilized, since the instincts of the animal are preserved, the cat may become aggressive. In addition, the development of oncology of the uterus or testicles is possible.
Preparation for the procedure
It should be remembered that sterilization is best done in cats that are over 7 months old. The optimal age is 10-12 m. During this period, the body of the cat is fully formed and the operation will not harm its health. Before surgery, all vaccinations should be done and worms removed from the pet. Do not give food to the cat for 12 hours. 20 minutes before the procedure, the doctor gives the pet pills that slow down his movements and prepare him for anesthesia. If the cat is older than 5 years, then before castration it needs to undergo additional examinations:
- Blood chemistry;
- Consultation with a cardiologist.
How long does it take to sterilize a cat. preparing for the operation and carrying out the procedure
To prevent pregnancy, cats and cats are sterilized. This is an operation that aims to ligate the fallopian tubes or seminal tract. In addition, the animals are castrated, in which the genitals are completely removed. The process takes no more than half an hour (for cats it takes 10 minutes, for cats. 20 minutes). These methods allow not only to avoid pregnancy, but also to prevent the development of cancer of the uterus or testicles.
How long does it take?
Castration of cats will take a few minutes. First, the doctor injects the drug for anesthesia (Propofol, Xylazine). After the animal is laid on its back and its paws are bred. Shave the wool in the right place, degrease the skin with an antiseptic and cut out the organs. For a cat, the operation takes longer. 30-40 minutes. After the coat is trimmed, the doctor makes an incision in the skin. He then removes the uterus and ovaries. Then he sews up the wound. For this, 4-6 stitches are usually sufficient.
In addition, the method of castration through a lateral incision is common. This method is considered safer. It is also used to sterilize outdoor animals, since after the doctor makes an intradermal suture, which does not require additional care. The laparoscopic option is widespread: the doctor removes organs using an endoscope. But this method requires expensive equipment, therefore it is not used in all veterinary clinics.
It is worth considering the fact that cats do not close their eyes during anesthesia. Therefore, doctors instill special drops so that the cornea does not dry out. After surgery, cats need care. The seams should definitely be disinfected. A blanket is put on the pet, which does not allow licking or combing the wounds. At the first sign of complications, you should consult a doctor.