Human heart rate by age. table for men and women
Pulse rate is an important indicator in assessing the work of the heart. Its definition is a component in the diagnosis of arrhythmia and other diseases, sometimes quite serious. This publication discusses methods for measuring heart rate, age norms in adults and children and factors affecting its change.
When the pulse is high?
In the absence of pathological changes that affect the frequency of heart beats, the pulse can increase under the influence of physical exertion, be it intense work or sports. The following factors can also increase it:
- Stress, emotional impact;
- Hot weather, stuffiness in the room;
- Strong pain.
With a functional increase in pulse, there is no shortness of breath, dizziness, headaches and chest pains, does not darken in the eyes, the heartbeat remains within the maximum normal range and returns to its normal value within 5-7 minutes after the cessation of exposure.
They say about pathological tachycardia if there is any disease, for example:
- Pathology of the heart and blood vessels (for example, frequent pulse in hypertensive patients, persons with ischemic disease);
- Nervous pathologies;
- Heart defects;
- The presence of tumors;
- Infectious diseases, fever;
- Hormonal disorders;
- Heavy menstruation (menorrhagia).
Some increase in the number of pulse waves is observed in pregnant women. In children, functional tachycardia is the norm, it is observed during active games, sports and other types of activity and allows the heart to adapt to changing conditions.
An increase in heart rate, and therefore a high pulse, is observed in adolescents with vegetative-vascular dystonia. During this period, it is important to be attentive to any changes. chest pain, the slightest shortness of breath, dizziness and other symptoms are an occasion to show the child to the doctor, especially if there are diagnosed heart diseases.
What is pulse?
Pulse is the vibrations of the vascular walls that occur as a result of the contractions of the heart muscles. This indicator allows you to assess not only the strength and rhythm of the heartbeat, but also the state of blood vessels.
In a healthy person, the intervals between pulsations should be the same, the unevenness of heartbeats is regarded as a symptom of disorders in the body. it can be either a heart pathology or another disease, for example, a malfunction of the endocrine glands.
Pulse is measured by the number of pulse waves, or beats, per minute and has certain values - in adults, it is from 60 to 90 at rest. The pulse rate in children is somewhat different (the indicators are presented in the table below).
Heart rate table by age for women and men
|Age||Pulse min-max||Mean||Blood pressure rate (systole / diastole)|
|0-1 months.||110-170||140||60-80 / 40-50|
|From 1 month Up to a year||102-162||132||100 / 50-60|
|1-2 years||94-155||124||100-110 / 60-70|
|6-8||78-118||98||110-120 / 60-80|
|10-12||60-100||80||110-120 / 70-80|
|Adults under 50||60-80||70||116-137 / 70-85||123-135 / 76-83|
|60-80||70-90||80||144-159 / 85||142 / 80-85|
In the table of the norms of pressure and pulse by age, the values \ u200b \ u200bfor healthy people at rest are indicated. Any changes in the body can provoke a deviation of the heart rate from these indicators in one direction or another.
For example, during menopause, women experience physiological tachycardia and a slight increase in pressure, which is associated with a change in hormonal levels.
What affects the heart rate values?
If the pulse rate in women and men at rest remains in the range of 60-90, then for many reasons it may temporarily increase or acquire slightly increased constant values.
This is influenced by age, physical activity, food intake, changes in body position, temperature and other environmental factors, stress, release of hormones into the blood. The number of pulse waves that occur per minute always depends on the number of heartbeats (abbreviated heart rate) during the same time.
Usually, the pulse is normal in men by 5-8 beats lower than in women (60-70 per minute). Normal indicators differ in children and adults, for example, in a newborn child, a pulse of 140 beats is considered normal, and for an adult it is tachycardia, which can be both a temporary functional state and a sign of heart disease or other organs. Heart rate also depends on daily biorhythms and is highest in the period from 15 to 20 hours.
How the pulse is measured?
The pulse is measured by the beats of pulsating blood in the radial artery, often on the wrist from the inside, since the vessel in this place is located closest to the skin. For the greatest accuracy, the indicators are recorded on both hands.
If there are no rhythm disturbances, then it is enough to count the pulse in 30 seconds and multiply it by two. If the heartbeats are irregular, then it is more expedient to count the number of pulse waves for a whole minute.
In more rare cases, the count is carried out in the places where other arteries pass. brachial, femoral, subclavian. You can measure the pulse by placing your fingers on the neck at the place where the carotid artery passes or to the temple.
If a thorough diagnosis is required, for example, if serious diseases are suspected, other examinations are also performed to measure the pulse. Voltaire mounting (counting per day), ECG.
The so-called treadmill test is also used, when the work of the heart and blood pulsation are recorded by an electrocardiograph while the patient is moving on a treadmill. This test also shows how quickly the work of the heart and blood vessels returns to normal after exercise.
What is bradycardia?
If tachycardia is called an increase in heart rate, then bradycardia is its low indicators compared to the norm (less than 60 pulsations per minute). Depending on the reasons, it is functional and pathological.
In the first case, the heart rate is lowered during sleep and in trained people. for professional athletes, even 40 beats is considered a norm. For example, cyclist Lance Armstrong has it in the range of 35-38 pulsations.
A decrease in heart rate is also a manifestation of heart and vascular diseases. heart attack, age-related pathological changes, inflammation of the heart muscle. This is cardiac bradycardia, caused in most cases by a violation of the impulse conduction between the nodes of the heart. In this case, the tissues are poorly supplied with blood, oxygen starvation develops.
Bradycardia also develops as a result of hypothyroidism, stomach ulcers, myxedema, with increased intracranial pressure. Bradycardia of less than 40 beats is considered pronounced; this condition often causes the development of heart failure.
If the frequency of strokes is reduced, and the causes are not found, then bradycardia is called idiopathic. There is also a dosage form of this disorder, when the pulse decreases after taking pharmacological drugs, for example, Diazepam, Phenobarbital, Anaprilin, tincture of valerian or motherwort.
With age, the heart and blood vessels wear out, become weaker, and a deviation of the pulse from the norm is diagnosed in many after 45-50 years. Often this is not only a physiological feature, but also a symptom of serious changes in the work of organs. Therefore, in this age period, it is especially important to regularly visit a cardiologist and other specialists to monitor and treat existing diseases and timely identify new health problems.
What is pulse?
Due to the work of the heart, tremors occur in the arteries. With the help of the ventricles, blood is pushed into the aorta from the heart muscle, then its path lies through the pulmonary arterial trunk, then, with the help of contractions of the vessel walls, the blood penetrates to the organs. These contractions are the pulse that can be felt by putting your fingers to the right place.
To measure the number of beats per minute, you need to know the heart rate in dogs. This is described in more detail below.
Dog’s pulse: beats per minute and major deviations
Dogs, like humans, sometimes feel unwell. An attentive owner can always see the signs of the disease. If the temperature, pulse and breathing of the dog are normal, it will be cheerful and sociable. In another case, the pet is reluctant to make contact, tries to lie more or, on the contrary, will walk from corner to corner. In this article, we will consider the heart rate in dogs, and also find out what body temperature should be in a healthy animal.
The shape of the pulse is the appearance of the aorta, which it took when it was filled with blood. For example, if the walls of the vessels are too elastic, then the time it takes for the aorta to take shape is less than necessary. A strong concussion occurs in the vessels, and in this case you can hear such a phrase as “pulse jumped”.
Beats per minute
This is the number of times the heart beats over a given period of time. In a minute. But you can measure the pulse for half a minute and 15 seconds, and then multiply to normal. For example, if the pulse was measured for 15 seconds, then multiply the resulting amount by 4; if 30 seconds, then multiply by 2.
The heart rate rate in dogs is different, it depends on the size and age of the animal. Puppies will have more beats than adults; larger breeds will have a slower heart rate. But there is one more factor to consider. What state is the dog in: after a run or only after sleeping.
Finding out if a rapid heartbeat is a sign of illness is easy. If, after physical activity, the pulse quickly returns to normal, then the dog is healthy. If the pet is sick, then he will have a rapid heartbeat for a long time.
The dog’s heart rate per minute
To monitor the health of your pet, you need to measure its pulse from time to time. A normal heartbeat is:
- Puppies. 110 to 120 beats per minute.
- An adult dog. 70 to 120.
- An elderly dog. Slower than a juvenile.
- Large breeds. 70-80 beats are considered normal.
- Small breeds. 100-120 pushes.
Knowing what the dog’s pulse is normal, the owner will always be able to assess the health of the pet and will contact the veterinarian in time.
This is a characteristic of the uniformity of heartbeats.
Jerks should not slow down, then accelerate, there should be no sharp bursts, that is, the heartbeat of the dog is ideally uniform. If this is not the case, then it is worth taking your pet to the veterinarian.
Reasons for deviations from the norm
During sleep, your dog’s pulse slows down, and this is normal. If the dog is actively moving, running, experiencing strong emotions (fear, aggression, joy, etc.), then the heart rate increases. If the dog’s pulse dropped during wakefulness, then this may indicate the following problems:
- Heart disease;
- Failure in the endocrine system;
- Infectious diseases.
If the pulse is rapid for no reason, then this may be evidence:
- Heart disease;
- Infectious diseases;
In any case, the dog must be shown to a specialist. If the point is hypothermia, then before the doctor arrives, you need to wrap the animal in a warm blanket.
If the dog’s pulse is normal, but the rhythm is out of order, a veterinarian’s consultation is also needed. In this case, we can talk about arrhythmias and disturbances in the conduction of the heart.
If the dog has lost consciousness, then it will be almost impossible to feel the pulse. In this case, you urgently need to call a doctor at home, and before his arrival, do not hang up, but follow the advice and recommendations of a specialist.
Normal body temperature in a dog
The temperature of a healthy animal ranges from 37.5 to 39 degrees. The difference is due to the dog’s age, size, environment and metabolic rate.
Representatives of small breeds and puppies have a faster metabolism, therefore their body temperature is higher. This fact explains the difference in heart rate.
- Small breed temperature: 38.6-39.3 degrees in puppies; from 38 to 39. In adults.
- Temperature of medium-sized rocks: 38.3-39.1. For puppies; 37.5-39. For adults.
- Large breeds: 38.2-39 degrees in puppies; 37.4-38.3. In adult dogs.
Temperature may be affected by weather conditions. On a sunny hot day, dogs look for a shaded place, their breathing and heart rate increase, as the temperature rises. 0.5 to 1.5 degrees!
In pregnant dogs, on the eve of childbirth, the temperature begins to drop from half to one and a half degrees. To accurately determine that a dog is about to give birth, you need to measure its temperature more often.
A dog’s emotions also affect temperature. Heart rate and respiration rates in dogs can also fluctuate depending on their state (agitated or calm). The pulse will be discussed further.
Size, tension and content
It is easy to determine the high intensity of the pulse wave. The more difficult it is to pinch the artery with your fingers until the blood circulation through it stops, the higher the tension.
Pulse filling is the amount of blood distilled in one push. The weaker the push, the less blood is driven.
The magnitude. This is a criterion that combines the indicators of the previous two points. The higher the reading, the greater the value, which indicates heart valve failure.
But if the value is large after physical exertion, then this is the norm, and this factor does not speak about the disease.
Heart rate characteristics
If you control the number of heartbeats, you can also determine the general state of blood circulation in the animal. There are several factors in the heart rate profile that affect a dog’s health:
- The form;
- The quantity.
Let’s consider each of the factors in more detail.
This characteristic means uniform or uneven contractions. If they speed up, then slow down for no apparent reason, such as physical activity, or there are sudden surges, then this indicates health problems. The rhythm should be even.
The appearance that the aortic lumen takes in the phase of filling with blood is called the shape of the pulse. For example, due to the increased elasticity of the vascular walls, the time of the change in the shape of the aorta is less than normal. In this case, excessive vascular concussion occurs and the pulse is said to have “jumped”.
Ways to measure a dog’s pulse
Cardiac pulsation in dogs is felt in other parts of the body than in humans. Do not try to feel the pulse on the paw or neck of the animal. This should be done by putting your fingers on another place. on the femoral artery. The probing zone of this artery begins in the groin of the pet and is located on the inner side of the thigh.
It is necessary to find the area of the femoral artery where the blows are felt best. You need to feel it with the index and middle fingers, or the ring and middle, but not the thumb. This is done to eliminate confusion between the heartbeat of a dog and a person, since the pulse is probed in the human thumb.
It is necessary to take measurements when the animal is in a calm state, that is, not immediately after physical activity and not in a state of excitement. Only in this case, you can get reliable data.
In small breeds, this is even easier to do. just put your hand on the chest of a calm dog and count the number of strokes.
To minimize errors, it is better to measure several times. In this case, with a small difference in the results, the average value can be determined. It is better not to measure the pulse in an unfamiliar environment for the dog, as it may worry and the result will be unreliable. For this reason, many veterinarians take measurements not in the clinic, but at the dog’s owner’s home, in a familiar environment.
A preliminary measurement allows you to roughly determine the pressure. it is low or high. Low blood pressure indicates a sluggish, hard-to-feel pulse. If the blows are quite pronounced, then this indicates a normal pulse.
Tension, content and magnitude
The more difficult it is to clamp the artery until the blood circulation through it stops, the greater the tension. In animals with a high intensity of the pulse wave, the artery is clearly palpable, being solid, like an electric cable.
The amount of blood pumped through a certain area of the vessel per unit of time is called pulse filling. Or, in other words, it is the volume of blood in one ejection produced by the ventricles of the heart.
The criterion that summarizes tension and filling is called the value of the pulse. Its high value may indicate an excessively large volume per one heartbeat, caused by chronic heart valve failure. But one should not confuse a large value caused by a health disorder and its own associated with physical activity, which is a healthy phenomenon.
This is an indicator showing the number of shocks per unit of time. Usually, the number of beats per minute is indicated, but when measuring, you can use a time interval of half a minute, 15 or 10 seconds, and then multiply the indicators by the appropriate number up to a minute. For example, if the heart rate is measured for 15 seconds, then the resulting number must be multiplied by 4.
If the number of beats exceeds the norm of the heartbeat per minute, then this means that the pulse rate is increased, and if it does not reach the norm, it is reduced.
This indicator depends not only on well-being, but also on the size of the dog due to breed and age. In large individuals, the heart rate is close to human, and in babies it beats more often. Therefore, the heart rate in dogs can vary from 70 to 130 beats per minute, and in puppies of miniature breeds it even reaches 190. This is normal.
Conversely, in older pets, the heartbeat slows down with age. But to a greater extent this applies to large breeds.
As with humans, dogs increase the score from physical activity or excitement. Therefore, the indicators at the moment of rest and immediately after running are very different.
It is very easy to determine whether an increase in heart rate and an increase in the intensity of the heartbeat is the cause of the disease. if it quickly returns to normal after the cessation of physical activity, then there is no reason to worry. During illness, the frequency of strokes is increased for a long time.
Heart rate characteristics
By monitoring your heartbeat, you can find out the level of the overall quality of blood circulation in your body and calculate your heart rate to identify other factors that affect your health. There are six of these factors:
- Impact frequency;
- The form.
Dog’s pulse: rate of beats per minute
It is not difficult for the dog owner to determine the pet’s malaise or condition. To do this, you do not need to be a veterinarian, but you just need to have attentiveness to your pet, minimal knowledge of the heartbeat and the ability to measure the pulse. Dogs are open creatures, genuinely expressing instincts and, as a rule, not hiding feelings.
This applies to both joy and sadness. When the behavior of an animal changes, its state of health is determined by several signs, but below we will talk about the option with measuring the heart rate (heart rate).
Definition of the concept
The jerky vibrations of the arteries are a consequence of the work of the heart muscle. Blood from the heart into the aorta is pushed out by the ventricles. Then it ends up in the pulmonary arterial trunk, then moves to the organs with the help of contractions of the vessel walls. These movements that create blood waves are called the pulse and are felt in certain areas of the body. In these areas, the heart rate can be measured by simply placing fingers on them, but for this you still need to know what the dog’s pulse is. the norm.
Causes of changes in heart rate
The frequency may decrease in a healthy animal during sleep. But while awake, this indicates health problems and occurs during:
- Heart disease;
- Endocrine system diseases.
If the normal pulse changes for unknown reasons, the pet must be shown to the veterinarian. Up to this point, if the frequency of blows is lowered, the animal must be warmed up by wrapping it in a blanket or blanket.
If the frequency of strokes is normal, but their rhythm is disturbed, the dog should be shown to a veterinary cardiologist. Such failures may indicate a violation of the conduction of the heart muscle, as well as arrhythmia.
During a loss of consciousness in a dog, the pulse weakens so much that it cannot be felt. In this case, urgent help is required, and all his instructions must be followed before the veterinarian arrives.
Heart beats per minute
A normal pulse is a slow pulse, which means that the heart is pumping the maximum amount of blood per minute with the minimum number of contractions. Do not worry, the number of heart beats will change with age, since our “motor” is inherent to wear out over time. The muscles will weaken and the heart will beat faster. By the way, a slow pulse is observed in sleeping people.
The heart rate depends on age and gender, and is measured by the following parameters:
- In newborns, the heart rate is up to 140 beats;
- The heartbeat in a child ranges from 75-160 units;
- In a healthy adult, the heartbeat is 60-80 times per minute;
- In old age, there are normally about 70 strokes.
The number of heartbeats by age is shown in the table:
It should be noted that the heartbeat directly depends on other factors:
- The heart muscle in athletes is reduced to 40-45 beats;
- Cyclists record 22 beats per minute;
- With an excessive load on an untrained heart or in a stressful situation, the figure reaches 200 beats;
- It is generally accepted that age normally reflects the number of beats in older people (for example, in a 80-year-old person, the heart contracts to 80 units);
- A woman’s heart beats 5-8 beats more often than a man’s.
What is the normal heart rate during exercise?
Every person who leads an active lifestyle and regularly goes in for sports should know how much the pulse should be during physical exertion?
The heart rate of a healthy person per minute during exercise is much higher than in a state of complete rest. For example, while walking, it is approximately 100 beats / min., While running, it increases to 150 beats / min. Take a short test, go up the stairs to the 3rd or 4th floor and count your heartbeats. If they are less than 100 bpm, you are in great physical shape. If the indicators exceed 100 bpm. than 10. 20 bpm, then you are in poor physical shape.
There are certain criteria that make it possible to understand whether loads of one intensity or another are dangerous for the body. If the heart rate is 100. 130 beats per minute, then this indicates that physical activity can be increased, from 130 to 150 beats per minute. the norm for a person. And if, when calculating the pulse, indicators close to 200 were found, then the physical activity will need to be urgently reduced, as this can lead to serious disruption of the heart.
After exercise, the pulse of a healthy person returns a minute after about 4 to 5 minutes. If after this period of time the approach of the pulse to the norm is not detected, then this may indicate a disruption in the work of the cardiovascular system.
What you should pay attention to?
Before you find out which pulse is considered normal, you need to find out some very significant nuances with regards to the change in strokes throughout the day. The heart rate of a healthy person changes significantly during the day. The minimum heart rate is observed early in the morning and at the beginning of the night. The maximum heart rate indicators are recorded at a time close to evening.
In a horizontal position (or lying), the pulse is lower than in a sedentary (and even more so. standing). Therefore, in order to obtain normal heart rate readings and accurately note the effectiveness of the efforts being made to improve metabolism, it is advisable to measure the pulse at the same time and when taking the same position.
It is better to measure the pulse in the morning, waking up and not yet out of bed. A normal heart rate will show accurate values within 1 minute. They do it differently: they count the heart rate in 30 seconds and the result is doubled.
Despite the fact that the capabilities of the hardware of modern medicine are very high, nevertheless, no device can surpass the method of pulse diagnostics that is used by traditional medicine. This is the most reliable diagnostic method that has been used for many millennia of the existence of traditional medicine. He is more likely to tell what diseases the patient had in his life. What pathology and at what stage at the moment. It takes a specialist many years to master this diagnostic method.
When it is better not to check the pulse?
There are some restrictions that indicate that the heart rate measurement should be taken at a different time. So, it’s better not to check the pulse:
- Immediately after finishing a meal, drinking alcohol or medicine;
- With a clear feeling that he is hungry;
- At the end of the process of hard mental work or intense physical work;
- After exercise;
- After the massage procedure;
- In a state of falling asleep;
- With menstruation;
- When exposed to the sun, frost, in close proximity to fire.
It is not difficult to master the most simplified version of this type of diagnosis. Of course, after training, it is unlikely that it will be possible to become a specialist, as well as to correctly diagnose, but it will certainly work to separate the normal heartbeat from pathology.
The practice of using diagnostics has proven that the optimal period for heart rate measurements is the time interval between 11 and 13 hours. In other words, the time from breakfast to lunch. The heart rhythm during this period is the most calm.
How to determine the radial pulse?
Ideal location for reading the pulse in the area of the radial artery (at the width of the thumb, slightly below the first skin fold of the wrist).
The radial pulse is counted by means of three fingers: the index and middle with the ring finger. Since the heart rate of the hands will be different, measurements should be taken on each hand.
To measure your own heart rate, hold your hand with your wrist slightly bent. With the other hand, grab the wrist from below. Three fingers are placed on the indicated area of the wrist on the radial artery. The fingers are positioned in a straight line with a minimum gap between each other. Press lightly just below the radius (metacarpal) bone and focus on the pulsating point. Any of the three fingers should clearly feel the pulse wave. Then the finger clamp is slightly loosened in order to catch different pulsating movements.
You can also measure the heartbeat on the temporal artery, as well as the carotid (inner edge of the clavicular-sterno-mastoid muscle below the jaw), femoral (from the surface of the shoulder inside, above the elbow, from the side of the thigh from the inside in the area where the leg and pelvis are combined), popliteal. It is customary to measure the pulse on the wrist, on the surface of the hand from the inside (from the radial artery), slightly higher than the base of the thumb.
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What affects the change in heart rate?
The change in the number of strokes is directly related to the malfunction of the organs of the whole organism, and, in particular, of the organs of the cardiovascular system. Failure can be accompanied by frequent headaches, weakness, and high fatigue. Therefore, a sharp change in parameters should be alarming, since the reasons may be:
- Hormonal changes;
- Diseases or pathologies of the heart;
- Weakening of the heart muscle;
- Hypertensive processes, arrhythmia and ischemia;
- Neurosis and disorders of the nervous system;
- Colds and viral diseases;
- Inflammatory processes;
- Profuse discharge during menstruation.
When any abnormal factors are ruled out, there are a number of secondary circumstances that can cause the heart to beat faster:
- Adolescence (in the presence of VSD);
- Stress and negative emotions;
- Poisoning of the body;
- Lack of sleep and rest;
- Heat or stuffy room;
- Severe pain cramps.
What is called the pulse?
These cyclical oscillations of the vessels occur when the vessels are filled with blood during heartbeats. In a healthy person, the pulse and heart rate should match. The discrepancy between the criteria gives rise to suspect a violation within the body, ranging from the heart to dysfunction of the endocrine system. To calculate the number of pulse beats in a person, you need to count the number of pulse beats per minute. It should be noted that the indicators of adults and children will differ.
How the pulse displays health status?
Knowing what pulse in a healthy person is normal, it is possible to prevent the complication of diseases, since it is the change in the frequency of contractions that indicates changes in the body.
For example, heart palpitations (over 100 beats / min.) Is the main symptom of tachycardia, which requires special treatment. In this case, an increase in heart rate can be observed both during the daytime and at night.
With a decrease in the frequency of contractions to 50 beats / min. Or below is also an alarm signal for a person, which indicates the presence of bradycardia, which also requires urgent treatment.
In heart failure, the pulse is very weak and slow. This condition is dangerous and can cause sudden death, therefore, if symptoms of this disease appear, the patient urgently needs to be taken to any medical institution.
Heart rate can also indicate the presence of other diseases or conditions that require special attention. Therefore, if the pulse for some unknown reason begins to decrease or, on the contrary, to increase, an urgent need to see a doctor.
A clear pulse within normal limits indicates excellent health, which does not require anxiety and a visit to a doctor.