In what cases it is necessary to “worm” a cat?
Some pet owners think that pets that have never left the apartment cannot become infected with worms. Experienced breeders and veterinarians know this opinion is wrong. A person can bring eggs of worms home on the soles of shoes or on dirty hands. For this reason, “worming” cats is recommended in the following cases:
- At the age of 3 weeks, when there is a risk of infection of babies from the mother. Also at three weeks, antihelminthic drugs are given to babies born from a street cat.
- Before vaccinations. The presence of worms in the animal’s body can affect the effectiveness of vaccination, so cats are vaccinated only 10 days after deworming.
- Every six months, anthelmintic substances are given to cats that do not visit the street and eat only heat-treated foods or ready-made industrial feed.
- Once a quarter, the procedure is shown to pets in contact with other animals eating raw meat, as well as pedigree cats participating in exhibitions.
- 14 days before mating. It is not recommended to handle the female during the period of gestation and feeding of kittens, as this may affect the development of the offspring.
- For the treatment of helminthic invasion. In such cases, you need to visit a veterinarian and find out the degree of infection in order to choose the optimal complex remedy.
How often do you need to “worm” a kitten or an adult domestic cat for prevention, how many tablets can you give?
Various types of helminths parasitize warm-blooded animals, some of them are transmitted to humans, so it is necessary to carry out deworming of pets in a timely manner. Symptoms of infection sometimes appear only in the later stages of infection. At the same time, parasites greatly reduce the immunity of cats and destroy their body.
How to “chase” a cat correctly? Is it okay to give antiparasitic tablets and powders to kittens? At what age are animals first prevented from helminthic invasions? How often do pets need to be given anthelmintic drugs??
At what age kittens are given anthelmintic drugs?
Modern anthelmintics are low toxicity, especially for kittens. They usually come in the form of a slurry or paste. These drugs can be used as soon as three weeks have passed since the babies are born. Stronger drugs in this group are used after animals reach 1.5 or 2 months. It is better not to give anthelmintic drugs for adult cats to kittens, since they have a higher concentration of active substances and they can cause unwanted side effects in small pets.
For kittens, as well as for adult animals, veterinarians advise purchasing preparations containing several active ingredients. Such anthelmintics have a wide spectrum of action, they are most effective.
How many times a year can you give drugs for worms?
Antiparasitic products contain toxic substances, so they should not be used too often. In order to prevent domestic cats, which are constantly in the apartment, do not become infected with fleas, do not eat raw meat and fish, tablets for worms are given 3 or 4 times a year. If an animal has an allergic reaction to drugs, then you should first consult a veterinarian and choose the least toxic drug.
If you need to prepare a pet for vaccination, an anthelmintic is given regardless of the prevention schedule. In addition, an extra pill or dose of suspension may be required if the animal is often outdoors, in contact with other cats, catches mice, or falls prey to fleas. In this case, the risk of infection with worms increases significantly.
Varieties of remedies for worms for cats
Modern antiparasitic drugs come in several forms. Manufacturers create preparations for different types of animals, and also offer lines for adult pets and small kittens and puppies with a lower concentration of active ingredients. There are the following forms of anthelmintic drugs:
- Pills. The substance in tablets is difficult to give to cats, since the animals actively resist when they try to put the medicine on the root of the tongue, and do not show the desire to eat the pill on their own. If the owner does not have enough experience to feed the pill to his cat, he can use a pill dispenser or crush it and add it to food. It is important that the entire portion is eaten. Otherwise, it is difficult to determine how much medicine has entered the pet’s body.
- Paste. Such a drug must be squeezed out of the tube in accordance with the instructions and placed in the cat’s mouth. The paste can also be mixed with food, it is convenient to give it to kittens. Flavors are sometimes added to pastes to make them more attractive to animals.
- Suspension. Medicines in this form are intended for small breeds and kittens. There is always a measuring syringe complete with the suspension, with which it is easy to calculate the dose of a liquid substance and inject it into the pet’s mouth. Suspensions and pastes often contain additional components that help restore damaged intestinal walls. Suspensions are considered less toxic than tablets.
- Drops for external use. The liquid is applied to the withers so that the cat cannot lick it off. Such funds, as a rule, have a complex effect, they help to get rid of not only worms, but also ectoparasites, such as ticks, fleas, lice. The substance is quickly absorbed into the skin and spreads throughout the body.
- Injection. This type of drug is the least popular and rarely used to treat helminthiasis in cats.
Some antihelminthic agents contain one main component and are effective against one type of worm. effective are drugs that contain several active substances. Complex anthelmintics are capable of destroying parasites of different types, they act not only on adults, but also on eggs and larvae of helminths.
For kittens, it is advisable to buy a suspension, adult cats get tablets, drops on the withers. Among cat owners, the most popular are the funds indicated in the table:
How many kittens a cat can bear?
A healthy cat can bear from one to six kittens, which directly depends on the characteristics of her body. There are rarely more than three kittens in the first litter; Older cats are also often not particularly fertile, and give birth to one or two cubs. As they get older, they stop giving birth, however, they may experience maternal affection for other people’s kittens.
Often there were cases when an elderly cat adopted an abandoned baby.
How to determine how long a pregnancy lasts in cats? First mating.
The period of gestation of kittens lasts about 65 days, but this period is quite conditional. childbirth is on both 63 and 70 days. The fact is that cats, like women, sometimes may not report or carry their offspring. Premature babies born before 60 days are often not viable; if labor does not begin after 70 days, this is also a cause for concern and an immediate appeal to the veterinarian.
A cat reaches puberty at the age of six to ten months, which means that your pet is physiologically capable of conceiving, bearing and giving birth to healthy kittens. However, veterinarians do not advise allowing animals to mate at a young age, since early childbirth can be accompanied by various complications that can undermine the health of a young cat, or reduce the reproductive period.
What is better infertile or multiple pregnancy?
Usually, breeders are not all welcoming multiple pregnancies. This is financially wasteful, but also not safe for the cat’s physical health. A large number of children will tire the mother, they all need to be fed, and if there is not enough milk, you will have to buy mixtures. this is already a considerable waste of money.
If the pregnancy is infertile, there is a risk of rupture during childbirth with a variety of consequences. Also, the kitten can get stuck during childbirth and have to do an emergency caesarean section. Excess milk can lead to mastitis.
The golden mean is good in everything, and in the birth of kittens too.
Is it possible to increase the number of kittens in a litter
In fact, you can. You just need to start in advance, even before the planned pregnancy and mating. You should not rely on hormonal drugs that can disrupt hormonal levels. There are also many homeopathic remedies (ovariovitis, gamavit, for example). They help restore ovarian function, which has a beneficial effect on the formation of eggs in a larger number than before stimulation.
The use of vitamin E (tocopherol acetate) and the microelement selenium has a good effect (only with selenium you need to be very careful, since in large doses it is poison). Therefore, never try to prescribe any therapy to an animal yourself without seeking an in-person consultation with a veterinarian.
Improve feeding and housing conditions. Let the kitty rest more.
How the number of kittens affects the health of the mother?
In fact, not all breeders welcome multiple pregnancies. This is due to possible risks and the same financial losses:
some kittens may be born weak and unviable, there is a high likelihood of complications of the birth process, which will end with the complete removal of the uterus with appendages, even if the kittens are born healthy and vigorous, it will be difficult for their mother to feed them on her own, and she will have to spend on expensive artificial nutrition, get up at night and monitor babies.
At the same time, infertile pregnancy is fraught with problems:
too large a fetus can get stuck in the birth canal and have to do a cesarean section, excess milk will provoke mastitis.
Summing up the above, I would like to say that a lot depends on the breed, physical data, health of the future mother and the theory of probability or lady luck!
This article answers the most frequently asked questions about cat breeding.
At what age do cats start to estrus?
Cats usually reach puberty when they weigh around 4.5. 7.0 pounds
(2.3. 3.2 kg) or at the age of five to nine months. However, even in
4 month old kittens can start estrus and they can get pregnant! Also,
domestic short-haired and long-haired cats can achieve sexual
maturity earlier than purebred cats, and stray cats can reach
How long does heat last?
The duration of estrus (estrus) is different for each cat. On average, heat lasts
seven days, but sometimes it can reach 21 days. If the cat does not mate and does not
becomes pregnant, then heat can begin again, with interruptions between heat in
At what age can a cat get pregnant??
A cat can become pregnant as soon as it reaches puberty (about
What seasons can a cat get pregnant??
Cats can get pregnant at any time of the year, especially in average climates, but
mating and pregnancy most often occur in the spring.
How long does a cat pregnancy last??
71 days. Average gestation period 67 days.
How many times a year can a cat kitten??
How many kittens, on average, a cat can give birth at one time?
A stray cat, on average, brings three kittens, but sometimes six
Can a cat get pregnant while she is feeding kittens??
Sure! Cats usually start in heat 1-2 months after giving birth, and during this
time they can get pregnant again. Some cats may go into heat
one week after giving birth, which can lead to pregnancy.
Can cats be spayed while they are feeding kittens??
Yes. A cat spayed while feeding kittens. will continue
produce enough milk for your kittens. Some veterinarians
prefer to wait until the cat stops feeding the kittens before
operate, because the development of the mammary gland during feeding can
If the cat can be kept indoors away from the cats, then you can
wait with neutering until she stops feeding kittens
(then the whole family can be sterilized or castrated). If the cat cannot
is away from cats during feeding, then you need to sterilize it
As soon as possible. Return the cat to kittens as soon as possible after surgery.
If the lactating cat is wild and needs to be caught, then it is advisable to catch and
kittens (if possible), or wait until the kittens have at least
six weeks, in order not to leave kittens without a mother for a long time.
At what age do non-neutered cats stop producing
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Unlike humans, cats do not go through menopause. Although fertility is gradual
decrease over time, there is no conditional age after which
Can cats from the same litter mate and create kittens? ?
Yes. It is for this reason that cats and cats from the same litter live together
must be castrated and sterilized for up to four months.
Is it okay to let your cat give birth once before
Not! It will not do the animal any good. Sterilize the cat before the first
litter, or better yet, before the first heat is easier and safer.
Recent experimental results have shown that spaying a cat up to six
months significantly reduces the risk of breast cancer.
PS. If you have any questions, please call around the clock by phone 540-03-03, 565-84-98 and our doctor on duty will give you a free consultation.
How many kittens a cat can give birth for the first time and in its entire life, which determines the number of babies in a litter?
Giving birth to a cat is an important event for both the animal and its owner. It is necessary to equip a comfortable place for the mother and her future babies. During such a period, the female must feel completely safe in order to maintain psychological balance. The question of the size of the offspring that his pet will bring to the owner is of practical importance: a person must understand how many babies he will have to attach.
How many babies does a primiparous cat have??
How many kittens does a cat give birth to for the first time? A primiparous mother usually carries 1-3 kittens. The reproductive system of a young female is not fully formed, so one or two babies is the optimal number for the first birth. Cats reach puberty by 8 months. At this age, the animal can become pregnant and bear a minimum of babies, but the health risk is great. the body is too young.
The first birth always takes longer than the next. The duration of the labor process in a primiparous female is from 12 to 24 hours. After the appearance of one baby, it may take 1.5–2 hours before a young mother gives birth to the next kitten. As a result of a very early pregnancy, one non-viable kitten can be born. Veterinarians recommend not to breed domestic cats younger than 1 year old. It is optimal to wait until the female reaches one and a half years, and then prepare her for pregnancy. A one and a half year old cat will be able to give birth to its first offspring absolutely healthy.
Maximum possible number of fruits
How many kittens can a cat give birth to at most? With each subsequent pregnancy, the number of kittens in the litter increases. The largest offspring appear in females in full bloom, that is, at the age of 2.5 to 6 years. During these years, the litter may contain up to 8-12 kittens, but in this case the babies are born weak, with low weight. And it’s hard for a mother to feed such a large number of cubs.
Often several kittens die in the next day. usually those who were born at the end. The strongest babies are those who were among the first to be born.
What determines the number of kittens in a litter?
The number of cubs in a cat in one litter is always different and depends on many factors. It is impossible to predict how many kittens will be born this time, since their number in each lamb is not constant. Experienced breeders recommend comparing the size of the possible offspring with the number of nipples in the mother. It is necessary to count the female’s nipples and subtract the number 2 from the resulting sum. This method of determination is not absolutely accurate, but often gives the correct result. The main thing is not to feel the belly of a pregnant cat with your hands. this will harm her and future babies.
It is possible to determine how much a cat is bearing fetuses using an ultrasound scan 2 weeks before the expected birth. What determines the number of future kittens? Their number is determined by the place in the uterus, suitable for the attachment of eggs. The feline uterus consists of a body and two elongated horns, which diverge at an acute angle from each other and give the reproductive organ the shape of a slingshot. The horns of the uterus are the receptacle. it is in them that fertilized eggs are fixed. The more space there is, the more embryos will be able to gain a foothold and develop.
- Mother’s age. The peak of reproductive potential is observed in animals aged 2.5–6 years. In females over 7 years old, the number of babies in lambing decreases.
- Hormonal and reproductive health. Chronic inflammatory processes in the genitals and hormonal disruptions negatively affect fertility and are the cause of a small number of embryos.
- Cat breed. Yard animals are more fertile than domestic purebred cats. This is explained by the fact that stray females are forced to extend their genus in harsh outdoor conditions, where some of the kittens will certainly die. Pampered domestic cats rarely give birth to more than 3-4 kittens at a time. Exception. native breeds formed in natural conditions.
- Female weight. In animals with obesity and metabolic disorders, the number of active eggs decreases and fewer babies are born.
- Food. Lack of proteins, vitamins and minerals in the diet contributes to infertility.
- Long-term use of hormonal pills (Sex-Barrier, Counter-Sex). Hormonal contraceptives reduce fertility. The constant intake of such medications leads to the fact that there are no more than two babies in the litter.
- Male temperament and sperm quality. Cats ovulate during mating. The more active the future father is during intercourse, the more eggs are released from the cat. the likelihood of multiple pregnancies increases. The more often a cat has intercourse, the lower the quality of his sperm.
How many kittens can a cat have in a lifetime??
Throughout its life, each cat gives birth to a different number of kittens. A person has a direct influence on the number of lambing of his pet, since he himself regulates the frequency of mating. A caring owner allows his kitty to give birth in the period from 1.5 to 7.5 years, so as not to harm her health. In animals over 8 years of age, pregnancy is difficult and has complications, so it is undesirable for older cats to give birth. Optimally, when the cat brings litters three to four times a year.
Such a frequency of childbirth does not wear out the mother’s body much and allows you to maintain the health of the reproductive system at the proper level. Frequent pregnancies drain the mother and lead to complications in childbirth. An average cat of reproductive age gives 15–20 kittens a year (on average, 3–4 lambing of 5 babies). Such a female in her entire life (more precisely, the childbearing period) will have time to bring up to 130-140 kittens. Particularly fertile and healthy females can give birth to 25-30 babies annually. Such active and multiple mothers will have time to give birth to up to 250-300 children.
The figures given are approximate and indicate the number, but not the quality of the offspring. Street cats live a long life and give birth constantly until they die. Households bring fewer offspring, as their owners control the breeding process. A regularly giving birth cat is unable to give strong cubs, since the mother’s body does not have time to get stronger and recover from previous births, but it already needs to find the strength to carry a new pregnancy.
Features of pregnancy from kittens
Large pedigree cats usually experience many difficulties in finding suitable partners, pregnancy, in addition, they carry babies longer, their number is also small. from 2 to 4 kittens.
The more multiple pregnancy, the faster it ends with childbirth, so nature protected the mother’s body. the cat from exhaustion. From 5 to 7 babies are inferior in size to brothers who appeared in the company of 1-3 brothers and sisters, but they develop faster, they begin to feed on their own earlier, they can do without a mother a month.
Features of pregnancy by breed
Veterinarians note an interesting pattern: long-haired cats not only become sexually mature later than others, but also bear kittens longer than others. This is attributed to the fact that it takes more time to form a long thick coat.
A cat of British and Scottish breeds requires special attention. Their kittens are often very large and during childbirth problems arise due to the fact that the pelvis is too narrow. Pregnancies lasting up to 72 days often end in difficult labor requiring veterinary assistance.
Cat pregnancy symptoms
A cat walking on its own, released during estrus by its owners, will find a partner on its own. They, as a rule, become the strongest of the males, who won the fight against rivals on their territory. But with purebred beauties, the situation is different.
Having reached a suitable age for mating, they have to wait until the owner finds a “groom” suitable for breed characteristics. Ladies with pedigree partners are looked for especially carefully, checking all branches in order to avoid closely related interbreeding, tracing heredity to great-great-grandmothers.
Important! Most often, candidates are known even before the first estrus, pedigree cats “on the pencil” for all owners of future “brides”.
But even an excellent reputation does not mean that a kitty will become pregnant after the first mating attempt. Cats have as many health problems as people. A month before the date, you need to go through a veterinarian examination, make sure that all vaccinations are affixed. It is better not to let an unvaccinated animal out into the street, you should not do this even 10-12 days after the introduction of the vaccine.
It will be possible to find out if the meeting ended successfully in 3 weeks or a little later. In the early days, the behavior of cats becomes calmer. This is normal, unless the kitten has begun to refuse to eat, or bleeding from the genitals has not appeared.
At the first signs of pathology, as well as if the “lady” has slipped out of the house and her Partner is unknown, it is imperative to show her to the veterinarian. It will not be difficult for a specialist to find out if the cat has received an injury from a too intrusive, large boyfriend, has it caught on a walk.
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The early signs of pregnancy are kitty sleepiness, changes in food habits, and loss of interest in solid foods. From the first days of pregnancy, the expectant mother may start vomiting, especially in the morning. Although toxicosis is not a very common occurrence.
Important! Severe vomiting may indicate that severe intoxication has begun. One of its causes may be the death of embryos.
Cats become very aggressive towards the opposite sex. 21 days after successful mating, the nipples swell and become bright pink. And after another week, you can feel the stirring of the babies in the mommy’s stomach, if you carefully put your hand on it and gently stroke it.
During pregnancy, a cat needs to be treated with special care, especially when trying to feel the movement. You can harm both a cat by scaring or causing pain, the answer to which will be instant aggression, and babies.
Puberty in cats and cats
Funny fluffy creatures who happily chase a candy wrapper around the room, hunt sun bunnies and fall asleep curled up in a ball on the owners’ knees, or a soft pillow, grow up too quickly. And now a graceful adorable creature imposingly spreads over the windowsill or looks at you with slight contempt from the windowsill.
The behavior of cats and cats begins to change from six months, when interest in the opposite sex wakes up in them. By 9-12 months, depending on the breed, these animals become sexually mature. Representatives of short-haired breeds “mature” earlier than others, in long-haired breeds maturation occurs by 1, 5 years.
The owners of unsterilized ladies and gentlemen will have to find out what cat songs are, endless fights of rivals during courtship and restless, sometimes even aggressive, and sometimes overly gentle and loving ladies. Uterine sounds or gentle meows, attempts to escape, excessively thorough washing will tell the owners that the cat is ready to become a mother, and it is time for the cat to look for a partner.
If the cat’s behavior has changed too much, and it is too early to look for a partner or it is impossible for one reason or another, it is worth showing her to the veterinarian. Special drugs with a sedative effect can reduce libido.
Important! According to the rules accepted all over the world, pets, whose offspring are not valuable as purebred, with malformations, deviations from standards, are subject to sterilization.
This helps to control the population of animals, to prevent the appearance of stray cats, which are often carriers of all kinds of infectious diseases that are dangerous to humans.
The cat’s first heat does not mean that mating is urgently needed. Sexual maturity does not mean the readiness of the body of a young creature to endure and give birth to healthy offspring. The first mating should be carried out no earlier than the animal, especially when it comes to purebred cats, reaches one and a half years. Don’t just let go of the animal in the hope that instincts will help solve all the problems.
After walking, cats can return not only wounded, but also with many infectious diseases, of which parasitosis is the most easily cured. Such walks are fraught with problems for cats. So during estrus, pets should be monitored more carefully than usual, be tolerant and understanding, responsible owners.
How many cats are carrying kittens
Waiting for the offspring becomes a very anxious time for the owners of the cat. Both the first and any other pregnancies are fraught with many problems, so the expected replenishment after the planned mating or an unpleasant surprise, the best option for the cat and its owners would be serious preparation for childbirth.
Stages of pregnancy in cats
Pregnancy of cats is usually divided into 3 stages.
The first is counted from the moment of mating, it lasts 21 days. During this time, the fertilized cells try to gain a foothold in the uterus as firmly and comfortably as possible, forming into embryos. Until 21 days, they will grow so much that they can be felt by gently touching the stomach. The owners, however, must be prepared that even their darling will not like their touch at all. So do not do this unnecessarily, because there is a risk of harm to babies.
The second period lasts from 21 to 43 days. Kittens can be seen with ultrasound, see how many of them and whether all are developing correctly. Sensory organs begin to form in them, but the fruits themselves are from an apricot stone and very quickly increase in size. At this time, the cat’s appetite becomes noticeably better, so you have to make sure that the expectant mother does not overeat, does not gain excess weight.
It is interesting! Some veterinarians advise giving the cat food for kittens at this time, since it is much more nutritious and better absorbed.
Mom’s condition is complicated by the increase in pressure on the internal organs, which is why she has to go to the tray more often. At this time, care should be taken to ensure that the cat does not catch any disease, since it is contraindicated to treat it with any medication.
From 6 weeks, the last stage of pregnancy begins, which will last 3 weeks and end with childbirth. Kittens begin to move, sometimes so actively that it is noticeable to the naked eye. The cat behaves less actively, but is able to tirelessly look for secluded places for the birth of offspring and its safe nursing.
She tries to arrange the nest in a dark, but warm place without drafts, where she begins to store her toys, small things (socks, handkerchiefs, fur hats and mitts). Most of the time, the cat sleeps, periods of rest give way to hours of fussy search for a new place for birth.
The appearance of white discharge from the nipples, a thorough licking of the abdomen means that labor will begin in the very near future. Some animals hide, trying not to give away the places where helpless babies will grow up for a month.
But there are those who cannot do without their owners for a second, pursue them, settle as close as possible, as if silently asking for help, relying only on people. Increasingly, pedigree cats try to give birth in the presence of “their” people, and when babies are born, they can calmly put them in the same nest and stay with them like the most diligent mothers.
How many days does a cat carry kittens
Pregnancy in cats lasts 58 to 72 days. As a rule, childbirth begins at 65-68 days, but you need to focus on the earliest possible date. If the process started earlier than 2 months, call your veterinarian urgently. It is hardly possible to save kittens, here we are talking about the life of the mother herself.
Walking is also dangerous, this can indicate a pathological course of pregnancy, with late births, very serious complications are likely for both the cat and the kittens, which can suffocate, die before birth, be born too weak to develop normally, be injured when passing through birth canal.
The best option is for specialists to track the progress of the entire pregnancy, their presence during childbirth, even in a normal situation. If the need arises, the veterinarian will be able to help, carry out the necessary manipulations or perform a cesarean section to remove the babies.
How old can a cat give birth?
Among cat lovers, there is an unspoken rule to allow a cat to give birth only until 7 years old. Among the owners of pedigree animals, it is allowed to get offspring 2 times a year to allow the cat not only to have offspring, but also to fully recover.
Important! Owners who do not care too much about the condition of their pets can receive up to 4 offspring per year, however, already at 5-6 years old, the mother’s body wears out so much that she is not able to bear normal healthy offspring that fully meets the standards.
Kittens born by a cat over 7 years old are also much weaker, they often have pathologies and genetic abnormalities, and one should not expect high breed qualities from them either. They will not be considered worthy producers. So don’t risk your cat’s health by letting her give birth over and over again. A beautiful graceful creature can live to a ripe old age (10-15 years) with proper care, delighting the owners.