This organ contains a large amount of complete protein and iron. In terms of amino acid content, the spleen is close to muscle meat and liver. It is given to dogs in boiled form.
A large amount of spleen in a dog’s diet leads to black diarrhea and other digestive disorders.
How and what to feed your dog
Despite the undoubted benefits, the proportion of these products in the dog’s diet should not exceed 15%. It is enough to give the dog offal twice a week. You can feed the dog tripe daily, but in small portions.
This organ contains a significant amount of connective tissue, is low in calories, low in protein, and is poorly digested. The lungs do not bring significant benefits to the dog’s body. To avoid vomiting, they are introduced into the diet gradually, in a boiled and chopped form. It is better to combine lungs with other organ meats.
Heads and cartilaginous offal
The trachea, diaphragm, kaltyk, epiglottis cartilage contain a lot of protein, rich in collagen and elastin. The trachea and diaphragm can be given to the dog quite often. They are useful for strengthening the muscles of the jaws, teeth, and gums. These giblets are inexpensive, do not require processing, except for three days of freezing. Before feeding, they are scalded with boiling water. The mucus contained inside the cartilaginous by-products sometimes leads to indigestion. Therefore, they teach the dog to this food gradually, starting with a small amount.
Scalded heads also contain protein. The head is valuable m calcium. They are chopped into large pieces and boiled for 2-3 hours. After that, the meat is separated and the dogs are fed with the broth. Leftover boiled skull bones should not be given to animals.
“Dachshund regurgitates kaltyk back, the rest. heart, lung, scar. eats perfectly. I make small croutons from chicken liver: boil, dry in the oven, then cut into cubes. The perfect treat for training “.
Selection and storage
Dogs are fed only fresh offal obtained from healthy animals and showing no signs of spoilage. To accustom puppies to this type of food begins from 5-6 months, with the exception of the udder and chicken necks, which are shown from 2-3 months. Younger kids are fed broth or jellied meat made from offal. Brains, udders, spleen, lungs and kidneys prevent pets with sensitive digestion.
Raw by-products are included in the animal menu only after a veterinary check. Otherwise, they must be boiled or frozen. Boiled by-products and minced meat are not as healthy as raw, but in this case, the dog will not start diarrhea, vomiting or more serious infectious diseases. If there is any doubt about the freshness of the products, they are kept for 20-30 minutes in a solution of baking soda, then rinsed thoroughly.
Damaged brains and spleen are especially dangerous for dogs. Signs of brain damage. creamy consistency, foul odor, dark earthy color. Stale spleen darkens when cut.
Offal contains more nutrients than regular meat. Firstly, offal is source of animal protein, which is a building material for any organism.
Secondly, they are rich in trace elements: phosphorus, iron, copper, magnesium, iodine, potassium, zinc, selenium.
Thirdly, these products contain a large amount of B vitamins, folic acid, vitamins A, K, E. In terms of vitamin D content, by-products have no equal among other feeds. This vitamin is one of the most important for living beings. Its lack leads to muscular dystrophy, fractures, malignant tumors, rickets, autoimmune, infectious diseases. Offal is especially useful for dogs living in northern areas with few sunny days. In the cold season, when vitamin D deficiency is most likely, the menu must include giblets.
Fourth, meat by-products, like fish, contain healthy fatty acids Omega-3 and Omega-6. sources of energy for cells.
Giblets contain little fat and carbohydrates, so they can be considered a dietary product.
By-products and muscle meat of animals raised on natural feed are much more nutritious and healthier than those fed on compound feed.
Lungs, heart, trachea, liver, diaphragm and other entrails are much cheaper than meat. By including them in the diet, owners reduce pet costs.
Do I need to repeat the procedure before the second vaccination?
Dogs begin to be vaccinated as puppies. This is done according to the following scheme:
- First vaccination at the age of 60–65 days. If the region has an unfavorable epidemiological situation, the procedure can be postponed to an earlier age.
- Revaccination. The second vaccination of the puppy is done 21 days after the first.
- Another vaccination. The next procedure is carried out at 5-6 months of age, after changing teeth.
- Annual vaccination. Dogs are vaccinated against dangerous diseases every year. Before each procedure, the pet should be given an anthelmintic.
Puppies for the first time “worm” twice. For the first time. after the baby is 3-4 weeks old. At this age, an anthelmintic is usually given to large pets. Representatives of small breeds are subjected to this procedure when their weight reaches 500 g. Between taking antihelminthic drugs, you need to maintain a 10-12-day break.
Before the second vaccination, many veterinarians recommend “worming” the pet in the same order as before the first. Some experts have a different opinion. They consider repeated deworming unnecessary. Each procedure for getting rid of helminths is a significant stress for the body, therefore, it is better to entrust the decision of the issue of taking an anthelmintic before re-vaccination to a veterinarian who will vaccinate the pet.
Why “worm” a dog before vaccination?
Why should a pet be given an anthelmintic before vaccination? A parasitic infection negatively affects the animal’s immune system, significantly weakening it. If you do not “proglist” the four-legged pet before being vaccinated against rabies, distemper, enteritis and other dangerous pathologies, its body, weakened by the negative influence of parasites, can react to the drug administration in an unpredictable way: an increase in body temperature, indomitable vomiting, diarrhea. As a result, the animal simply does not develop resistance to the causative agents of these diseases.
There is one more reason why it is necessary to “worm” the pet before the scheduled vaccination. Worms, or rather, the products of their vital activity, often become the culprits of an allergic reaction. Potent drugs are used during vaccination. Their introduction is stressful for the dog’s body, which can significantly increase allergies provoked by parasites.
For external use (drops on the withers)
Antiparasitic agents in this form of release are convenient in that you do not need to think about how to feed the medicine to your pet. Drops are applied once to dry, intact skin. They should be applied where the animal cannot reach. The area between the shoulder blades is best suited for this. When processing a large dog, it is recommended to apply the solution in several places. Do not use anthelmintics on your own to treat pregnant and lactating bitches. It is up to the veterinarian to decide whether to use drops in this category of animals.
Information about some of the most effective anthelmintics of this form of release:
|Drug name||Active substance||Dosage||Contraindications||The minimum age from which the drug can be used, weeks|
|Amount of medicine, drops||Pet weight, kg||General||Private||Use with caution under the supervision of a veterinarian|
|Lawyer||Imidacloprid, moxydentin||0,4||Up to 4||Individual intolerance to the ingredients of the solution, violation of the integrity of the skin at the site of application.||Infectious diseases, the period of rehabilitation after illnesses and surgery.||Pregnancy, lactation period, weight up to 1 kg.||7|
|Dana Ultra Neo||Fipronil, thiamethoxam, pyriproxyfen||0,4||five||Infectious pathologies, the recovery period after illnesses and surgery.||10|
|Stronghold||Selamectin||0.25||Up to 2.5 (purple cap)||Not identified||6|
|2.6-5 (purple cap)|
|0.5||5.1-10 (brown cap)|
|one||10.1-20 (red cap)|
|2||20.1-40 (green cap)|
|Combine pipettes of different packaging||Over 40|
|Inspector Total C||Fipronil, moxidentin||0,4||1-4||Infectious diseases, the period of rehabilitation after illnesses and surgery.||7|
|Helminthal||Praziquantel, moxydentin||0,4||Up to 4||Severe disorders of the kidneys and liver.|
Why do you need to worm a dog before vaccination, how many days before vaccination you need to give it an anthelmintic drug?
Every responsible dog owner timely vaccinates his pet against various dangerous diseases (rabies, distemper, hepatitis, etc.). over, not all owners of these animals know that deworming is required before vaccination. Why do you need to “worm” the dog before vaccination and revaccination? How should this be done? What drugs are best used for deworming?
For oral administration (tablets, granules, suspensions, pastes)
Tablets and granules for the destruction of parasites are usually used for deworming adult pets, suspensions and pastes. puppies. To carry out the procedure correctly, you need to carefully study the instructions for use of the drug. Detailed information on some of the most popular oral anthelmintics is presented in the table:
Anthelminthic drugs for dogs (names, active substances, method of administration)
If the vaccination is done in a veterinary clinic, then you can drive worms from a pet at home. When using an anthelmintic, it is necessary to strictly follow the manufacturer’s recommendations regarding how much medicine to use for a particular animal and how to give it. Antihelminthic drugs are available in different forms: for oral, external and injection use.
How many days before vaccination should deworming be carried out?
By the appointed date of vaccination, the dog must drive out all parasites. Antihelminthic drugs take time to kill the worms. Veterinarians recommend giving pets anthelmintics 10-12 days before the planned date of vaccination. During this time, the dog’s body will have time to completely cleanse itself of helminths and toxic waste of their vital activity, as well as restore the normal functioning of the internal organs and systems affected by them.
Is it necessary to give the puppy anthelmintic if he is not on the street??
A puppy that has not yet been taken out for walks can become infected with worms upon contact with the street shoes of the inhabitants of the dwelling, through the bite of a flying insect. the carrier of endoparasite eggs, which entered the house through an open window, or from an infected mother. The owner of the dog may not even know that his four-legged pet is infected with helminths.
Contraindications and side effect
The dietary supplement has no contraindications: it is allowed for dogs of any breeds, of various ages, weights and conditions: puppies, pregnant and lactating bitches, elderly and emaciated dogs. Except for 2 points:
- possible food allergies;
- feeding the kitten with maternal colostrum without signs of underweight.
FortiFlora is well tolerated by animals, only occasionally stool disturbances and increased intoxication are possible. We’ll talk more about this in the final section.
Instructions for use and dosage
It is easy to use a feed additive from Purina: sprinkle a portion of any feed with powder: natural, dry, wet. Give 1 sachet per day, regardless of the age, weight and breed of the dog.
Make sure that the pet eats the entire packet at a time: the effectiveness of the dietary supplement depends on this. But usually animals eat the granules with pleasure, so you don’t have to persuade your pet to eat the supplement.
How many days to give depends on the goals:
- for prophylaxis, the agent is used for 3-5 days;
- with gastrointestinal upset. at least 7 days;
- if the dog has serious digestive disorders, dysbiosis, gastroenteritis. dietary supplements are given for a month, regardless of when the improvement occurred.
When using FortiFlora simultaneously with antibiotics, the drugs should be separated as far as possible in time. For example, give antibiotics in the evening and feed additive in the morning.
FortiFlora for dogs
FortiFlora is a probiotic supplement for dog food. The manufacturer claims that it is guaranteed to restore the intestinal microflora and, thereby, normalize the digestive system and strengthen the immune system. Some dog owners agree with this statement, while others note that the product is a dummy.
Indications for use
FortiFlora is indicated for any pathology of the digestive system and for their prevention. It is used for:
- disorders of the gastrointestinal tract caused by an imbalance in the intestinal microflora;
- taking antibiotics;
- defecation disorders: diarrhea, constipation;
- stressful situations that can cause digestive problems: moving, traveling, changing owners, etc.;
- changing the diet;
- low appetite;
- decreased immunity.
FortiFlora is also recommended for bottle-fed puppies or when switching from mother’s milk to adult food. The supplement is especially useful if the carnivores have a lack of weight, stool disturbances, and bloating.
Release form and composition
FortiFlora for dogs (FortiFlora) is a biologically active additive (BAA) to improve digestion. Produced by Purina, a pet food company.
The product is a probiotic feed additive in the form of a brown powder. Packaged in sachets of 1 g. Sold in packs of 30 sachets (average price RUB 1,650), or by the piece (for RUB 50-55).
The main active ingredient of the dietary supplement is the lactic acid bacteria Enterococcus faecium SF68. Their minimum is 5 × 108 CFU / g. It is this amount that is necessary to normalize the work and intestinal microflora.
In addition to probiotic SF68, FortiFlora includes digest of animal origin. meat and products of its processing, thanks to which the product smells good for animals and increases the eatability of feed. Additionally, the dietary supplement contains stabilizers of intestinal microflora and biologically active substances:
Guaranteed indicators of the feed additive:
How does it work
Due to the content of probiotics SF 68, vitamins, minerals and amino acids, the dietary supplement has a multifaceted beneficial effect on the body. When taking it:
- the intestinal microflora is restored;
- the work of the digestive tract improves;
- increases the immunity and resistance of the dog to infections;
- disorders of the digestive tract are prevented or eliminated;
- the digestibility of biologically active substances improves;
- the multiplication of pathogenic microorganisms is prevented;
- the body is cleansed of toxins;
- regenerative processes are improved;
- the work of the thyroid gland is normalized.
The effectiveness is due to the unique coating of the powder granules. It is multi-layered, due to which biologically active substances do not dissolve in gastric juice, but enter the intestines unchanged, where they begin to act.
There are no complete analogues. But there are a number of similar drugs. I have cited the most popular ones to replace FortiFlora:
What poisonous snakes are there in Russia
In Central Russia and the Northwest, the only venomous snake is the viper. The regions of the Caucasus, the Far East and the south of Siberia are much more dangerous: there are gurza and shitomordnik, whose poison is much more dangerous. Vipers live in all the Baltic countries, Finland, Sweden and other European countries.
The article will focus specifically on the bites of the common viper. It is easy to distinguish this small snake from a snake or a copperhead. by the variegated pattern on the body. In this case, the main color can be gray, beige, black, brown, reddish.
In October, snakes hibernate and wake up in the second half of April. After a short breeding season in April-May, they spread out and live alone. Reptiles become lethargic in cool weather, and unusually active during dry hot weather.
Snakes are found where there is a lot of food for them. frogs, lizards or small rodents. At the summer cottage, the viper can be attracted by a garbage dump, destroyed buildings, a pile of slate or other construction waste. potential shelters. Man captures new territories for gardening and settlements, and snakes are increasingly found nearby housing.
In front of the Dalmatian, not a stick, but a meter-long snake!
At risk are hunting, working dogs. It is interesting that one cannot find a viper in a deep forest, they are attracted by reservoirs, clearings and forest edges.
mistakes of the owners: if the dog is bitten by a snake, do not do it!
The thin, long fangs of a snake injecting venom can be compared to the work of a syringe. The wound, the wound channel, closes instantly, only a point remains on the surface of the skin, and the poison is deep in the tissues. Because of this, it is useless and even harmful:
Forget about Hollywood movies. Suction is not effective. It is more likely that you will carry the infection with saliva and swallow the fur than remove the poison that has penetrated into the tissues. Squeezing out the poison, in addition to being completely useless, will cause severe pain to the dog.
You might have come across such a recommendation to supposedly prevent the further spread of the poison throughout the body. In fact, impaired blood circulation in the limb, combined with the necrotizing effect of the poison, will lead to the fact that the paw will have to be amputated.!
- Make incisions at the bite site, cauterize wounds.
This will not affect the poison in any way, but tissue damage, and especially burns, will lead to long-term non-healing wounds.
Vodka is praised in folk medicine as a cure for everything. Do not give your dog anything containing alcohol. This will not affect the effect of the snake venom, but it will poison the dog. Worse, the pet may have a drop in blood pressure, which, when combined with a snakebite, can be fatal.
- Introduce anti-snake serum.
Even if by some miracle you have the necessary drug with you (“Serum against the venom of the common horse viper, purified”), do not rush to inject it to the dog. Whey protein can cause a severe allergic reaction, such as anaphylaxis, which will be more dangerous for the pet than the bite itself.
It is necessary to keep and transport serum in the refrigerator, it is extremely unstable. Therefore, you will not drag her into the forest every time.
An incredibly stupid recommendation is to bring a snake or a picture of it with the dog so that the doctor can determine who exactly bit the pet. We live in a region where there are only two options. this is either a non-venomous snake (already, a snake), or an ordinary viper. Therefore, the doctor acts in accordance with the clinical picture after the bite. Don’t waste time or contact the snake.
Hydrogen peroxide or chlorhexidine are unable to penetrate the wound because the skin at the puncture site quickly closes. Processing is not harmful in itself, but only as a waste of precious time.
Activities in the veterinary clinic
An intravenous catheter will be installed in the clinic to administer medications and infusions. Traditionally, antiprotease drugs (Kontrikal, Gordox) are added to saline solutions, but their effectiveness has not been proven.
The dog will be given decongestants, an allergy remedy (best of all. diphenhydramine 0.5-2 mg / kg 3 times a day).
Intravenous infusion of dachshund at home
With anaphylactic shock, you need to act very quickly. The first is epinephrine 0.1 mg / kg intramuscularly, and if it is not available, epinephrine. Then, glucocorticoids (methylprednisolone 30 mg / kg, prednisolone 15 mg / kg, dexamethasone 0.5 mg / kg), aminophylline 6-10 mg / kg (to relieve airway spasm) are injected once intravenously. If necessary, a tube is placed in the trachea and oxygen is supplied to the pet, or the animal is placed in an oxygen chamber.
If the dog feels satisfactory, he is allowed to go home, but the administration of drugs should continue for another 2 to 5 days (prednisone 1 mg / kg 2 times a day or dexamethasone 0.1 mg / kg).
In serious condition, it is better to leave your pet in a 24-hour hospital. Doctors will monitor whether enough urine is formed after droppers and, if necessary, will additionally prescribe diuretics (furosemide).
- the ability to measure blood pressure in dogs, with a sharp decrease, dopamine, colloidal solutions (Refortan) are used;
- continuous oxygen supply (small dog chamber, oxygen tent or large dog mask);
- infusion pumps for continuous administration of water-salt solutions at a given rate.
As for the site of the bite, it is injected with 0.5% novocaine. The blockage can not only slightly reduce pain, but also stop the spread of tissue damage. An antibiotic (ampicillin, oxamp, cefazolin) is added to novocaine.
After a snakebite, a course of systemic antibiotic is needed. Deep biting wounds, which have gotten saliva, are always inflamed. If the bite is in the paw, a bandage is applied, but it is very important not to disrupt the blood flow in the limb.
Dachshund was bitten by a snake. Paw bandaging is nearly impossible.
Many questions arise about the use of antivenom. The truth is that veterinarians rarely use snake serum.
Common viper. Gyurza belongs to the viper family, but these are different snakes!
The second and main reason is that horse whey itself is a strong allergen. Its introduction can cause anaphylactic shock in the dog. In other words, the perceived benefit is not commensurate with the risk.
If the doctor decides to use the serum, first the dog will be given an antihistamine, then a test is performed (0.1 ml of the drug subcutaneously). After a few minutes, another 0.2 ml is added and observed. If there is no reaction, the full dose is administered by intravenous drip. The owners are warned that allergic reactions may not develop immediately, but after 2-10 days.
What to do if a dog is bitten by a snake: first aid and actions of doctors in the clinic. How dangerous is the poison of a viper for dogs, long-term effects of a bite
City dwellers don’t need to be afraid of snakes. But it is worth going to the country house or for a walk in the forest, as there is a real chance to encounter a viper. The danger of such a meeting lies in this. it happens far from the city, far from qualified veterinary care.
If information appears about the activity of snakes in the region, cases of biting, or you just regularly visit the forest in the warm season, it is better to form a first-aid kit for your pet and take it with you. It must contain a set of drugs that you can inject yourself if the dog is bitten by a snake.
The viper attacked my dachshund right at the summer cottage. specifically, the dog probably attacked first. Many hunting breeds chase anything that jumps, runs, and crawls. Even the most friendly and calm dogs, out of curiosity, poke their muzzles to the snake if it meets on the way.
How to tell if a dog has been bitten by a snake
Usually the bite occurs in the paw or in the face, less often in the neck or abdomen.
- The dog suddenly begins to whine, squeal, howl, wallow on the ground, limps, holding his paw.
- At the site of the bite, you can find bleeding punctate wounds (one or two), the skin in this place darkens, and the affected area quickly begins to swell.
Sometimes increasing swelling of the face or limb is the only sign by which a snakebite should be suspected.
You can find a tiny wound only by completely shaving the affected area, and even then the absence of two characteristic wounds does not cancel the diagnosis.
At first, the pet will not have a systemic reaction to poison, but small dogs may have:
- severe drooling;
- weakness and trembling;
- rapid heartbeat and shortness of breath.
Depending on the temperament, all dogs react differently, but it must be remembered that after the bite of a viper, the animal experiences severe pain.
Excitement after a bite can be replaced by a depressed state
Long-term effects of a snake bite
Often, necrosis (death) of tissues develops at the site of the bite. Non-healing wounds are formed that ooze pus or ichor.
Antibiotics are needed. Most often prescribed: cefazolin, cephalexin, cefotaxime or ceftriaxone. The wound is treated daily with antiseptics and ointments as prescribed by a veterinarian, but then surgery is required under general anesthesia. Dead tissue is extensively excised, and then a skin grafting is performed to close the defect. Unfortunately, not all doctors are skilled in plastic surgery. Without surgery, the wound can heal within a few months.
How dangerous is a snake bite for dogs: how does poison work?
The viper preys on very small animals. Most dogs will recover from the bite without any treatment in a few days. At the same time, for decorative dogs, as well as for allergic pets, a snake attack can be fatal.
Viper venom refers to hemolytic poisons. it acts on the victim’s blood. Scientifically speaking, this is not a poison at all, but a mixture of potent enzymes that cause tissue necrosis.
The viper does not attack first, but will rush if it thinks that it is being threatened
Under the influence of poison, red blood cells (erythrocytes) clump together into clots. Blood clots clog blood vessels, causing tissue death and acute renal failure. Due to numerous blood clots, not only the kidneys suffer, but also the spleen and liver. The walls of blood vessels are destroyed, hemorrhages occur.
The consequences of a bite depend on the dose of poison, affect:
The larger the viper, the more contents in its venom glands. In addition to size, the concentration of the poison is important: if the snake has recently hunted, it takes time to develop a new portion of the poison. With a successful combination of circumstances, the dog can get a “blank”, dry bite.
The smaller the dog, the greater the threat to life. For a 1-pound Toy Terrier or Chihuahua, the bite can be fatal. In addition to the weight of the dog, the breed matters. For a 6kg dachshund, a snake bite may not be as dangerous as for a much larger Shar Pei or Bulldog.
Shar Pei bitten by a snake in a veterinary clinic
- aboriginal dogs (huskies, Caucasian and Central Asian shepherd dogs);
- hunting dogs (drathaar, shorthaired pointer, hounds, spaniels, dachshunds);
- large mestizos.
It does not follow from this that the owner of a dog of the above breeds does not need to consult a veterinarian.
Swelling of the muzzle after the bite of a viper on the left. On the right is the same dog in a day.
Bites in the paw are more favorable, more dangerous. in the head (cheeks, tongue) and neck. Severe swelling of tissues in the larynx region can mechanically block air access to the lungs, and the dog will die from suffocation.
The most severe consequences of a snake bite are observed in older dogs, animals with heart or kidney failure. Particularly dangerous is an allergic reaction to poison of the type of anaphylactic shock. If the dog loses consciousness, cardiac activity is disturbed, convulsions occur. you simply will not have time to take the pet to the veterinarian.
If we talk about general statistics, then about 5% of dogs die from viper bites, but among young and healthy animals this figure is no more than 1-2%.
Reaction to vaccinations and medications
Every dog needs medication at least once in its life. Sometimes, after treatment for the underlying disease, the animal has side effects in the form of a so-called drug allergy. This term means intolerance to one or more components of a drug. In such cases, there is nothing left to do but give Suprastin. Dogs with allergies may be prescribed other drugs, but this remains the most popular.
To maximize the safety of the animal, during treatment, you should be careful with such groups of drugs as:
- live vaccines;
- chloral hydrate;
- B vitamins;
- foxglove, as well as its derivatives;
Sometimes a negative reaction does not appear in an animal immediately, but as the drug accumulates in the body. The obvious signs are:
- skin reactions;
- signs of choking;
- swelling of the mucous membranes;
- bowel disorder.
It all depends on which drug to give the dog. In this case, only the instant cancellation of the inappropriate drug will completely save you from allergies. All other measures will only have a temporary effect.
Can dogs be given pills for allergies if it is caused by household chemicals or dog cosmetics? It is possible and even necessary. Only the selection of the right drug is best left to the doctor. In this case, it is extremely important. After all, the combination of different chemicals (source of allergy and pills) in the dog’s body can cause an uncontrollable reaction. The consequences can be sad.
⏰ How often should dogs eat? It may affect their HEALTH
What do dogs get for allergies most often? A treatment package might look something like this:
- Antihistamines (most often “Suprastin“).
- Homeopathic medicines such as Nux, Engystol, Traumeel, Gommakord and others.
- Preparations containing sufficient doses of iron, enzymes and coenzyme Q10.
- Fish oil, vitamins E and C.
- Complex of bifidobacteria, for example, “Lactobifid”.
- Veterinary sulfur preparation.
- A medicine for removing toxins from the body. For example, Enterosgel.
- Sugar “Execan”. This drug contains a complex that relieves inflammation and supports liver function.
- Other drugs.
Of course, this list is absolutely not a recipe or a guide to action. Only a qualified veterinarian can tell exactly what to give a dog from allergies in each specific situation.
What do dogs get from food allergies? Most often, treatment includes 3 areas:
- antifungal agents and antibiotics for complications;
- special hypoallergenic diet.
What can be given to a dog for allergies, in each individual case, only the doctor should decide. And your pet will have a long process of treatment. To determine the allergen, the animal is “put” on the strictest diet, which lasts until the symptoms are completely eliminated. After that, they begin to slowly add one product at a time from the usual diet. As soon as the symptoms appear again, the product is on the banned list, and everything starts over. Each new product is added every 3-5 days, so the process can take a long time.
Medications taken without dieting can only temporarily relieve symptoms of the disease.
What do dogs get for allergies? Treatment and prevention
Over the past 10-15 years, an allergic reaction has become one of the most common phenomena not only among humans, but also among animals. We will not speculate about why this is happening. Let’s leave it to the experts. It seems that the owners of tetrapods are more interested in the answer to the question of what can be given to a dog from allergies. and how to relieve your pet’s suffering.
People suffering from this ailment know firsthand that taking even one tablet of an antihistamine can significantly improve the patient’s condition. But whether it is possible to give a dog “Suprastin” for allergies, not all dog owners know. What is a dog allergy and how can it be treated? We will try to answer these and other questions below.
The first thing that every owner should do, upon detecting any of the listed signs. take your pet to the veterinarian. It is the doctor who must make the correct diagnosis and determine which pills to give the dog for allergies. But while the legs, or rather, the paws have not reached the clinic, you can try to alleviate the suffering of the animal yourself.
Before thinking about whether it is possible to give a dog Suprastin for allergies and whether it should be done without consulting a doctor, try to immediately stop the action of the allergen. This is, of course, very difficult to do. After all, a dog is not a person and cannot tell you that his eyes were combed after she smelled a bush. So “immediately” in this case can stretch for a long period.
If you experience mild symptoms, you can use the already mentioned “Suprastin“. If the course of the disease is difficult, you cannot do without injections of this drug. They are done most often at the withers or back thigh.
If you are not sure how much to give “Suprastin” to a dog with allergies, carefully read the instructions for the drug. In this case, you need to focus not on age, but on the weight of the patient. You can weigh your pet and determine the dose of the drug yourself. However, it must be remembered that it is better to “under-deliver” than “pass on”. Overdose may not only not alleviate the suffering of the animal, but also worsen its condition.
It is also helpful to give your dog calcium chloride. Enough 1-5 tablespoons per day. It all depends on the size of the animal. Unfortunately, this medicine is very bitter. Therefore, in order for the dog not to refuse to take the medicine, it can be diluted with milk and a little sugar added. This cocktail is most often to their taste.
In the presence of manifestations on the skin, it is worth bathing the pet in the broth of the train or wiping the itchy areas with a swab dipped in the infusion.
An ordinary hydrocortisone spray perfectly relieves itching. You can easily do it yourself. To do this, mix the following components:
- hydrocortisone. 4 ampoules;
- cold boiled water. 350 ml;
- medical alcohol. 80 ml;
- glycerol. 50 ml.
Some owners are interested in the question of whether it is possible to give the dog “Loratadin” for allergies, if there are no other drugs at hand. In principle, your pet will not get any worse from him. But whether there is relief depends on what exactly the animal is suffering from. Loratadine works well for dog pollen or house dust particles. But with food manifestations, it is practically useless.
This term refers to an atypical reaction to some environmental factors. Allergens in this case can be various plants or their pollen, mold, dust, and other substances. Its manifestation as atopy is especially unpleasant. With atopic allergies, the irritant is absorbed into the dog’s body through the air. That is, she just breathes it in. If in other cases, for recovery, it is enough to simply eliminate the source of the trouble, then in the case of atopy, it is almost impossible to do this. Why? Let’s think.
If you are allergic to chocolate, the easiest thing to do is simply not to eat it. After a while, the allergy will disappear. Now let’s imagine that household dust in the air is the irritant. Will you be able to completely stop breathing in order to exclude the access of the allergen to the body? I think no. In this case, only the timely use of drugs can alleviate the patient’s condition. For example, in this case, Tsetrin helps people well.
Is it possible to give a dog “Cetrin” for allergies? In principle, this product is not intended for use in animals. The fact is that dogs have much more sensitive receptors located on the bronchi. The use of this drug can cause bronchial spasm in the animal, often leading to suffocation. But if the manifestations of the disease are too strong, and there is nothing else at hand, you can use this drug. In any case, even for very large dogs, the dose should not exceed half a tablet per day.
Attention! If the animal has a respiratory tract disease or impaired renal function, the drug is strictly prohibited.!
How the immune system works
Before we talk about what to give a dog for allergies, let’s find out what happens in the body of an animal (and a person too) with such a disease.
Dogs are warm-blooded animals, rather highly developed. A distinctive feature of such organisms is the presence of immunity, which is responsible for the stability of the cell composition. Immunity. it is not a separate organ, but a whole complex that includes lymphoid tissues, spleen, and special blood proteins. The task of the system is to analyze all cells of the body according to the “friend or foe” system. As soon as the immune system detects the “enemy”. a cell that is unusual for a human or animal organism, the defense mechanism immediately turns on, and the “stranger” is destroyed.
Every day, an incredible amount of various substances penetrates the dog’s body. This happens through food, water, air, through wool and skin pores. Normally, the dog’s body does not react in any way to such penetration. In the process of life, the dog develops a kind of “indifference” due to habituation to external stimuli. The immune response arises only when there is a real threat of penetration of viruses and pathogens, or in the case of mutation of its own cells. The immune system no longer “recognizes” them and tries to destroy them.
Now let’s talk about what dogs are given for allergies that are not caused by food. Of the most “popular” diseases such as allergic dermatitis can be called. This is an abnormal reaction of the canine body to external stimuli. They can be:
- organic components of dust (small dust mites, pieces of human skin, dandruff);
- particles of wool from other animals;
- synthetics (carpet, dog wardrobe, curtains);
- household chemicals;
- dog cosmetics, perfumery;
- other irritants.
Most often, younger individuals are susceptible to allergic dermatitis. The sudden appearance of a similar disease in an adult dog may be a sign of developing cancer or an autoimmune disease.
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Despite the fact that allergic dermatitis is a very “eloquent” disease (all the main symptoms are mainly presented on the skin of the animal), it is worth conducting additional research to exclude more serious ailments. Similar manifestations can have:
- infection of an animal with worms;
- renal failure;
- mycotic lesions of the skin of an animal;
- numerous insect bites.
To exclude these diseases, you need to pass blood, feces and urine tests, as well as scraping from the pet’s skin. Only after that it is possible to speak with confidence about what medicine to give the dog for allergies (if this is it).
Treatment of allergic dermatitis. the process is slow. First of all you need:
- limit the contact of the dog with the source of trouble as much as possible
- provide the animal with plenty of drink;
- start using glucocorticosteroid and antihistamines;
- carry out local treatment using wound healing and anti-inflammatory drugs.
Although the first signs of relief may appear within a few days, treatment should not be stopped until the symptoms have completely disappeared. Complex therapy can last up to six months.